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The Missionary Visitor 




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Contents for January, 1917 



Special Evangelistic Campaign, By .1. S. Long, .*. 3 

How It Works, By Drs. A. Raymond and Laura Cottrell, 5 

Adventure, By J. I. Kaylor, B. Mary Royer, Anna M. Eby, Florence 

Baker Pittenger, Q. A. Holsopple, S. Ira Arnold, 6 

Mother's Nook, By Gertrude E. Emmert, Rosa Kaylor, Nora Lichty, 

J. M. Pittenger, Mary E. Stover, Sadie J. Miller, Alice K. Ebey, ..10 
Pills and Pellets, By Gertrude E. Emmert, S. Olive Widdowson, 

Adam Ebey, Drs. A. Raymond and Laura Cottrell, Josephine 

Powell, Nora Lichty. Barbara M. Nickey, 13 

Among the Better Classes, By W. B. Stover, Q. A. Holsopple, J. B. 

Emmert, Adam Ebey, JPremchaud Ganesh, 17 

The Boarding School, By Sadie J. Miller, Premchaud Ganesh, Adam 

Ebey, 19 

Learning to Give, By Gertrude E. Emmert, J. M. Blough, D. J. 

Lichty, Alice K. Ebey, J. B. Emmert, 20 

The Children's Corner, By Rosa Kaylor, Josephine Powell, Mrs. S. 

Ira Arnold, Mary E. Stover, 21 

Sunday-Schools and Missions, By Ezra Flory, 24 

China Notes for October, By Winnie E. Cripe, 24 

The Student Volunteer, By Edna Brubaker, Albert D. Helser ...26 

Weekly Prayer Hour, By R. A. Frantz, 27 


The Missionary Visitor 

Volume XIX 

JANUARY, 1917 

Number 1 


A Happy New Year to our Visitor read- 
ers. We wish for each one such a year of 
spiritual prosperity as you have never before 
experienced, and sufficient of this world's 
?oods — and no more — to make such a year 
most precious to you. 

' Ring out the old," the poet said, and 
1916 has given place to a New Year. Old 
things pass away. Witness the retreat of 
America's iniquitous liquor trade. See 
China changing, Islam disintegrating, In- 
dia's hoary systems crumbling — all before 
the mighty impact of the New Day of civi- 
lization and enlightenment. Even Europe, 
torn and bleeding as she is, will learn 
through her tears and suffering to hate the 
thing she has loved, for Europe has loved 
war. Witness the changes, the evolutions, 
taking place within the ranks of Christian- 
ity. Farewells are said to movements once 
leld dear and sacred by countless millions, 
and receptions are tendered to others that 
are ushered in to take their place. 

1 Ring in the new," the writer exclaims. 
Everything becomes new. Old thoughts 
and habits and conceptions of things can no 
more withstand the inrushing life and ac- 
tivity and inspiration of new ideals than can 
the Old Year resist the dawn of New Year's 

The kingdom of heaven has become a re- 
ality this year in the hearts of many who 
never knew of it in the past. The marching 
feet of Christianity's millions have been in- 
trumental this year in bearing the banner 
Df King Immanuel into hearts and cities and 
Drovinces and lands where, before, there has 
been naught but the chant of the priest, 

the cruelties of the witch doctor, the terror 
of the fetish or the whirl of the prayer 
wheel. Everything becomes new. Let us 
live closer to Jesus Christ, opening our lives 
and hearts to Him for purification from 
all uncleanness, in personal habits, sluggish 
worship, low ideals. 

A brother, in sending in his donation for 
mission work, evidently has been reaching 
some wise conclusions for his own guidance, 
for he says, " Whenever I pray for mission 
work I am always reminded of the boy 
who told his father (who prayed for the 
poor) that, if he would give him the key 
to the corncrib, he would save God the 
trouble of answering the prayer." Brother, 
do you allow God to do all the answering? 

When a real liberal donation for mis- 
sions comes to our office we cannot refrain 
from immediately looking to see what 
caused such- liberality. The most common 
of these reasons, nowadays, is the follow- 
ing, as expressed by a dear brother and his 
wife, who send $50 for World-wide mis- 
sions: "We have decided to give as the 
Lord prospers us, and to lay by a certain 
percentage of our income for the Lord's 
work. Give us some of the most needful 
places for help." 

The number of mission study classes be- 
ing conducted this winter is most gratify- 
ing. Apparently this will prove the banner 
year in the church for the study of this 
great subject. Have you organized a class 
in your congregation? 

Dr. Wampler writes' that he has found a 
true friend, in his efforts to build the hospi- 

The Missionary Visitor 


tal at Ping Ting Hsien. A good brother at 
Roanoke, Va., Sister Wampler's home, who 
is an architect, is preparing the drawings 
and specifications for him. If an architect 
were hired the price of the work would be 
several hundred dollars in gold. Such serv- 
ice as this, purely voluntary, is much appre- 
ciated by the General Mission Board, and 
will be all the more appreciated by those 
who have to work with Chinese laborers. 

We are much gratified with the splendid 
response from our churches to the call of 
the Board for a Thanksgiving offering. 
Many offerings have come in, and they are 
liberal ones, too. This response helps to 
make the burden of financing our work 
easier — not only the offering itself does this, 
but the feeling of cooperation that such gifts 
awaken goes far to lend encouragement. 

Several addresses of our missionaries on 
the field have been changed recently, and 
we would ask our correspondents in writing 
to them to please address them exactly as 
given, on the back inside cover page of this 

Do you know that it costs the citizens of 
the United States $1,100,000,000 yearly for 
police courts, prisons, charities, correction 
and similar forms of self-protection? Only 
$600,000,000 is spent yearly for schools, 
churches and other constructive agencies. 

The works of Shakespeare, the most fa- 
mous of all secular writers, have passed 
through 1,300 editions in about twenty lan- 
guages. There have been over ten thousand 
editions of the Bible, and it has been issued 
in over five hundred languages and dialects. 
More than thirty million copies of the Scrip- 
tures were circulated during the past year 
by all the Bible societies. There is no book 
that can compare with the Bible from the 
standpoint of circulation and translation. — 
Bible Society Record. 

Through the special efforts of Bro. Jesse 
B. Emmert, in India, the material for this 
issue is furnished by our India missionaries. 
Bits from personal 'experience are always 
helpful, and the editor sends this issue forth, 

feeling that it will prove of interest to yo 
The remainder of the editorials given her 
with should be credited to Bro. Jesse '. 
Emmert. ^ 

During his short stay at Panchgani du 
ing last hot season, at the invitation of tl 
only Christian patient in the institutio 
Bro. Stover began holding Sunday afte 
noon prayer services in a sanitarium f< 
consumptives. Many non-Christians al: 
came and listened attentively. Since h 
return home he has learned with mu< 
pleasure that the services are continued 1 
a local pastor. 

Through Bro. Stover's suggestion al 
The Christian Patriot, a weekly devoted 
the interests of the Indian Christian Cor 
munity in Southern India, began publis 
ing the "Notes on the Sunday-school Le 
sons " which are prepared by Sister Ali 
K. Ebey. These notes appear also in t 
Bombay Guardian, and are translated f 
our Gujarati Quarterly, which is used 
all the missions of Gujarat. They ha 
been solicited for the Marathi Quarter 
also, and are to appear during 1917. T\ 
sets of " Suggestions for Primary Teac 
ers," by Sister Ida C. Shumaker, are al 
to appear in the Marathi Quarterly. It 
hoped that both may please the patrons a 
that they may find a permanent place. 

Brethren Isaac S. Long and J. M. Blou; 
are our representatives on the Gujar; 
United Language Examination Board. Bi 
Blough has been secretary of the boa 
since its organization, more than three yea 
ago. Bro. Long served as one of the exar 
iners during the past year. 

The Indian Sunday-school Union, wi 
headquarters at Jubbulpore, is conductii 
what it is pleased to call a " Teacher Trai 
ing College " for Sunday-school teachei 
The short course consists of three bool 
two of which were written specially for tr. 
purpose by A. E. Annett, missionary f 
teacher training. The first, " Our Indi; 
Sunday-schools," gives in brief form son 
of the principles of the art of teaching. Tl h 

second is a series of lessons on lesson pre 

aration. The third is a " Bible Course f tor 

C : 



The Missionary Visitor 

iachers" by Drs. Schauffler and Price, and 
taken from a teacher-training book wide- 
used in U. S. A. 

It would simplify matters greatly if these 
oks when published by the I. S. S. U. 
:re ready for India's 47,228 Sunday-school 
achers. These teachers are working in 

least twenty different languages, and to 
ach them of course the books must appear 

as many versions. This preparation of 
inslations involves a great deal of tedious 
bor and not a little expense. Our own 
ission is preparing the Gujarati manuscript 

the " Bible Course for Teachers." It is 
>ped that it may be published by the end 

the current year. 

A course of graded Bible lessons, suit- 
>le for use in the village Sunday-schools, 
also being developed. Two different 
oks, suitable for the first year, have been 
iblished by the Indian Sunday-school 
nion. The first one of these books was 
anslated into the Gujarati by Bro. I. S. 
Dng, assisted by an Indian brother. The 
her is also to be published in the near fu- 

ture and will likely be in use before this 
Visitor is published. Books for the second 
and third years will appear in due course. 

The splendid and helpful work of the 
Young Men's Christian Association has 
made itself felt during this awful war. The 
following, taken from the Bombay Chron- 
icle, illustrates the influence it is having 
on Indian thought: "The world-wide suc- 
cess of the Young Men's Christian Associa- 
tion movement in promoting a spirit of mu- 
tual help among young men inspired the 
organizers of the Young Men's Hindu As- 
sociation to emulate this worthy example." 
The objects of the association as given are 
" the imparting of religious, moral and, if 
possible, physical instruction to all classes 
of students and young men, irrespective of 
caste and creed, and the encouragement of 
unselfish service for the good of the com- 
munity." It is stated that to realize these 
objects the beginnings of their work " took 
the form of Bhagwatgita classes and Emer- 
son classes." It is interesting to see the fruit 
of much endeavor, even if it is grafted to a 
wild stalk. 


I. S. Long. 

Along with nearly all other missions of 
dia we as a body of missionaries have 
reed on the third week of February next, 
17, as a time for special effort to win the 
m-Christian population of this vast em- 
re to the only Savior of men. 

Preparation For It. 

To this end we have a committee on 
Aggressive Evangelism," whose duty it 

to keep the church informed as to what 
hers are doing and to give suggestions 
i to how and what we may do better to 
omote the success of our work. Several 

our leading Indian Brethren are appoint- 
1 to visit the various stations in an effort 

inspire the churches to greater faith and 
fort. The Prakash Patra, our monthly 
per, will be the medium of informing the 
urch generally. We are building on the 
oposition that an informed church will 
on be a transformed church. 

Beginning now, six months in advance, 
at the several stations extra Bible classes 
will be organized, it is hoped, and more 
prayer than usual will be- made to the Lord 
of the harvest for blessing — this in prepa- 
ration of the church. Our Christians are 
scattered over a wide area. The work of 
warming their hearts and inspiring them to 
new service devolves mainly upon the vil- 
lage teachers. 

Hence, in addition to the above, these 
scattered teachers will be called together 
also for a longer or shorter time, for 
prayer and the study of the Word. Water 
cannot rise higher than its source. The re- 
vival must begin in the leaders. So, in or- 
der to inspire them the special Indian evan- 
gelist will be present to assist the mission- 
aries in charge. We realize that we need 
first of all a time of confession of sin and 
the consequent revival in our own hearts, 

The Missionary Visitor 


deeper devotion to the Master — nay, full 
surrender to Him as our Lord and Christ. 
If our teachers are really blessed in the 
preparatory meetings we hope they will 
go to their villages and succeed in having 
Bible study and prayer meetings in a way 
they never have hitherto. 

How the Week Is to Be Spent. 

It is evident that the missionaries and 
native workers alone will never win India 
to Christ; but the church, if awake and Spir- 
it-filled, could. Not all can preach, but all 
can testify, all can witness of what Jesus 
has done for them. From now to February 
next we would, by His grace, do our best to 
inspire the entire church, therefor. Then 
we would like these filled hearts to drop 
secular business and volunteer for just 
one week to go out and testify to the hun- 
gry lost multitudes all about them. Don't 
you like the idea? 

An Example. 

It will interest you to know that a large 
church in South India had such a week of 
special effort a year ago. Some of the vis- 
ible results are as follows: Thirty-eight 
hundred villages visited, " 8,400 meetings 
held, over 300,000 people heard the Word 
preached, more than 6,000 confessed Christ 
openly, and nearly 9,000 were enrolled in 
Bible classes to study the teachings of 
Christ. And " thousands more have been 
influenced to some extent to feel that Christ 
is indeed the Hope of India, and His teach- 
ings the purest, and truest that the world 
has ever known." In addition to the paid 
workers there were over 5,000 voluntary 
workers for that one week. 

Many said they were sorry when the week 
ended. But, as you know, white-hot enthu- 
siasm, accomplishing results as above noted, 
cannot die in a day. There may be many 
such weeks immediately following, if we 
will: for He wills it. 

Again, it is said that the church in this 
effort found itself — that is, for the first time 
realized its mission. The individual mem- 
ber now knows that witnessing to both rich 

and poor, winning the world to Jesus, is 
the real business of the entire membership, 
and not that of the teachers and preach- 
ers alone. Ah, it's worth while to find that 

Necessity for Such an Effort. 

The most experienced missionaries of 
India, not minimizing the work or workers 
of the past, long and are earnestly praying 
for greater blessing, for a blessed manifes- 
tation of the Spirit's power in the work. It 
is felt and honestly confessed that the re- 
sults have not been adequate, consider- 
ing the money spent and the life unselfish- 
ly poured out in the last one hundred years. 
For, at the past rate of progress, not gen- 
erations merely, but centuries, will be re- 
quired to make India "the kingdom of our 
Lord and of His Christ." 

Our Source of Strength. 

In our consciousness of weakness and 
utter insufficiency of ourselves we desire to 
cry anew to the Lord of the harvest for 
" showers of blessing." He alone has the 
power to " open the windows of heaven, and 
pour out a blessing, that there shall not be 
room enough to receive it." We have tried 
many human devices, the power of money 
and the utility of education; but we realize 
perhaps as never before that this " great 
mountain " of Hinduism will fall " Not by 
might, nor by power, but by My Spirit," as 
saith the Lord of hosts. 

What the Home Church Can Do. 

Brethren, the one aim of this article is 
to help you to join us in more intelligent 
prayer, if possible, in behalf of this effort. 
We gladly go down into the well of dark- 
ness, provided you hold the ropes by inter- 
cessory prayer. Shall not each of us en- 
ter somewhat into the sufferings of the 
Master, as, yearning over the "world of 
sinners lost," He died for each one of us? 
Then only will He " see the travail of His 
soul and be satisfied." Then, too, your 
hearts and ours will be refreshed from on 

" With God go over the sea ; without Him not over the threshold.' 
"What I spent I had — what I kept I lost — what I gave I have." 


The Missionary Visitor 

Ground on Which New Hospital Is to Be Built, Bulsar, India. 


" But when the people were put forth He went 
n . . ." (Matt. 9: 25). 

One day a missionary wrote us, saying 
there was a very sick girl in a village a few 
miles from his station. The mother in the 
family had died only a few weeks before, 
and now a young girl was very ill. The fa- 
ther had heard of the missionary doctors 
and wanted them to come and heal his 

The village is some thirty miles from 
Bulsar, and we wrote that we would go and 
see the girl the next day. The father met 
us several miles from his village, and to- 
gether with the missionary we went to the 
man's house. 

All the village knew of our intended ccm- 
ng, and within a few minutes after we had 
reached the place there were a hundred or 
nore people gathered together waiting to 
ee what the Doctor Saheb would do. It 
is rather a rare event for a doctor with 
western training to go to a village which is 
iny distance from the railway, so all the 
Deople are more than curious to see what is 
oing to be done. 

In the verse at the head of this article, 
quoted from Matthew, it says that " when 
:he people were put forth He [Christ] went 
n." Now you would not need to be a mis- 
ion doctor very many days before you 
vould appreciate the scene described in that 
yerse more than you now do. When we 
vent into the room to examine the patient 
he missionary counted no fewer than thirty- 

eight people, besides the patient and my- 
self, who had crowded into the room. On 
another occasion more than sixty men, 
women and children had crowded every 
available space inside the room, and so 
many who could not get in tried to look in 
the window and door that a guard had to 
be placed at the window and door to keep 
the people away, so there would be enough 
room and light to examine the patient. Now 
if it is thus with an ordinary mission doc- 
tor, what crowds do you suppose assem- 
bled when the word was spread that Jesus 
had come to heal and restore life! No won- 
der that " He put them ouf." Sometimes 
they scarcely give one room to turn around, 
and such a thing as privacy is impossible un- 
less the crowds are put out. 

On examining this girl we had been called 
to see it was soon apparent that she was 
suffering from a severe attack of pneumo- 
nia, and judging from her condition she 
would either die or get well within the next 
two or three days. Strict orders were given 
to bar the cattle, goats, chickens and dogs 
from the room for at least a week, to keep 
the doors and windows open day and night, 
and to use a great deal more water, both in- 
ternally and externally. Suitable medicines 
were left, and the family was informed that 
there would be a decided change within 
two or three days. Three days later the fa- 
ther went to the missionary's bungalow and 
told him that the Doctor Saheb's medicine 

The Missionary Visitor 


was very good and the girl was well. 
Now, in making that trip, there was more 
accomplished than simply restoring a sick 
girl to health. Our mission has had a Chris- 
tian school in that village for some time. 
At one time the school was opposed by the 
villagers, and it was only through the kind- 
ly influence and help of the man who had 
called us that the school had been permitted 
to continue. Later, things began to go 
some better. Then came sickness in the 
family of this influential man, the mission 
doctors were called, and by the blessings 
of God the patient was quickly restored to 
health and strength. Within two weeks 
from that time some thirty people from that 

village traveled sixty miles each to come to 
the mission doctors, for, said they, " The 
mission doctors are kind and they give us 
good medicine, even though we be poor." 
You can readily understand that now the 
people are decidedly more favorable to our 
mission and its work than before the visit 
of the doctor. The mission school at that 
place is being enlarged instead of having to 
close. Thus you can see how the medical 
work helps to break down prejudice and 
opposition. May His blessings always at- 
tend us, that more barriers may be broken 
down and removed and that the message of 
the Good Tidings may be given to all. 
Drs. A. Raymond and Laura Cottrell. 



One day Madam Saheb was cleaning and 
rearranging things in the large cupboard on 
the back veranda on the Ahwa bungalow, 
preparatory to storing new supplies. As 
she sat working, something caught her eye 
moving across the floor of the cupboard 
from behind some tins. The first thought 
was — a rat. She moved to see, and at once 
it raised its head with spread hood and 
hissed, not three feet away. Of course she 
screamed and ran away and called for help. 
By the time I came with- the gun he had 
crept among the tins again. Now to cap- 
ture him without his springing upon some 
one was the question. I called for one of 
the men, who brought a long bamboo. I 
mounted a table at a safe distance and told 
him to punch away among the tins. How 
the old fellow did hiss! It almost made 
one's hair stand up! Finally he shot up his 
head, ready to strike the intruder. A load 
of shot finished him. So, in different ways, 
we killed about eight cobras about the prem- 
ises during one rainy season, and Bro. Pit- 
tenger had captured many more before us. 
As dangerous as this species of reptile is, 
the people worship them, and have a day 
that they call "Cobra Day "—Rom. 1: 23 

J. I. Kaylor. 


In August, 1914, when the world was 
shocked by the declaration of war in Eu- 
rope, the native kings of the Dangs Forest 
lost no time in planning for their inde- 
pendence from British rule. Having no con- 
ception of the vastness of the British Em- 
pire, they thought if they could invade the 
little village of Ahwa (the seat of govern- 
ments in the Dangs) they would again be 
a free and independent people. Upon hear- 
ing of their plans the officials took steps to 
safeguard the village, and, if possible, pre- 
vent the attack. The chief of police (In- 
dian) paid one of the kings a friendly visit. 
At the same time the political agent of the 
district was informed of the situation. 

In his interview with the king the chief 
of police began to converse about the war. 
"You see," said he to the king, " Ram [the 
chief god of the Hindus] had two wives. 
The one was more beautiful than the other 
and more beloved of . Ram. She had an 
only child, whose name was Victoria. Be- 
cause she was the only child of his most be- 
loved wife, he made her queen of the Brit- 
ish empire, and so prospered her reign that 
her kingdom became one of the greatest of 
the world. 

" You have no idea what wonderful things 
the British can do. They have machines by 
which they can fly through the air like 
great birds. You can't see them, but they 


The Missionary Visitor 

can see you. In this present war they are 
using these machines to drop explosives 
into the enemy's camps and are daily de- 
stroying great numbers. No foe, however 
powerful, shall ever conquer the British. 
It is evident that the best thing for us to 
do is to be loyal to the government. If we 
are not, who knows how soon they may fly 
over our villages and destroy us? " 

On this wise the policeman tried to break 
up the plans of this ignorant king. But a 
Bhil is wonderfully superstitious, and it was 
found that several kings were in league to 
declare their independence. One of our 
Christian men urged that the women and 
children be taken to a government bunga- 
low about eight miles from Ahwa. But it 
was just before the close of monsoon. The 
roads through the jungle were dangerous 
and almost impassable, and the rivers diffi- 
cult to cross. So we waited and looked to 
the Lord for our protection. 

Nothing serious happened until the mis- 
sionaries had gone to the railroad, a dis- 
tance of forty-eight miles, for the regular 
December committee meeting. The kings 
had gathered an army of over two hundred 
Bhils, who were just outside of Ahwa wait- 
ing for marching orders. It was a time of 
anxiety for our Indian Christians. In the 
absence of the missionary they felt like 
sheep without a shepherd. For four nights 
they locked themselves in the grain room 
on the mission compound. However, the 
political agent (English) arrived with a 
body of Indian troops just in time to take 
the offender prisoner before his plans were 
carried out. B. Mary Royer. 


" We must go to Chikli yet before monsoon 
breaks, and we have not many days to wait. 
So you may prepare to go next Monday." 

On Sunday evening the almanac was care- 
fully read for information concerning tides. 
To get to Chikli an arm of the sea must be 
forded, and we always try to avoid the tide. 
" The tide will be in at eight in the morn- 
ing, so if we go at noon we shall escape the 

Monday noon we had prayer with our Bi- 
ble women, and with God's blessing attend- 
ing we were off. A bargain was made for 
a tonga, the driver assuring that his horses 

were good. But when we reached the sea 
the tide was just coming in. " It will be 
quite safe," said, the driver, and we ventured 
in. The wind was high and the water was 
rising rapidly. Right there in the swell of 
the tide the horses balked. The driver 
shouted and beat them, but they refused to 
go. The rickety tonga creaked and the old 
harness was tested to its limit. For a mo- 
ment we were terrified, and thought we 
would surely be engulfed. We lifted our 
hearts in prayer and our Father took us 
safely through, and we had a good day at 
Chikli. Anna M. Eby. 


The third week of October was set for 
Bible study and prayer for our missionaries, 
as well as the time for the regular commit- 
tee work. We were very anxious to go, but 
the nearer the time came to go the greater 
became the question of how to go. The 
rains had kept up late, hence the rivers 
were very high. 

On Thursday morning we started out 
with two ox-carts, one horse and four men. 
The roads were so bad that it took us from 
8 o'clock in the morning until 5 o'clock in 
the evening to reach our first stopping place, 
ten miles from home. However, we went a 
roundabout way in order to miss one high 
river; so that we actually traveled about 
fifteen miles. 

As soon as the oxen were unhitched they 
were turned into the jungle to graze. In 
half an hour one of our best oxen was dead. 
We think a cobra must have bitten him. 
They abound in these parts. Three of our 
men spent nearly all night hunting another 
ox. They found one at a near-by village, 
and so on Friday morning we proceeded on 
our journey, making ten more miles by 

After our lunch one more mile brought 
us to the largest river on our journey. 

Nearly all the men and boys of the vil- 
lage we had just left came with us to help 
us across the high water. There are nei- 
ther bridges nor boats, and so swimming is 
all that is left to do. All our luggage was 
unloaded and the empty carts swam across 
first. This was done by four. men hanging 
on each side of the cart to balance it. All 
that could be seen as they went across was 


The Missionary Visitor 


On the Way to Meeting from Ahwa, Brother and Sister Piltenger's Home. 

the upper part of the men's bodies and- the 
oxen's noses. Next came our turn. One 
of the village's best swimmers tied around 
his waist about one dozen dried gourds. 
Two of the gourds were so arranged as to 
extend out from the man's back about one 
foot. On these we sat (one at a time), hold- 
ing to the man's neck with our hands. Then 
eight other men took hold of the man and 
swam across, dragging him and his bur- 
den. Our weight took us into the water up 
to our armpits. To add to the danger of 
such an adventure was the fact that all the 
men had been drinking and barely able to 
control themselves. As we launched out in- 
to the deep, raging water our hearts kept 
saying, " O Heavenly Father, if Thou canst 
use our lives in further service, keep us." 
Heaven seemed so near. After our feet were 
again on the earth we waited in almost 
breathless anxiety, watching our little boy 
being brought over. Had it not been for the 
strength given us from on high, it would 
have been too much for us to trust our 
boy to a set of drunken men through such 
grave danger. Finally our luggage was 
brought over on the heads of swimmers. 
Some of our wet clothing was exchanged 
for dry, and in all, about two hours were 
spent until we were again on our way. 
Darkness overtook us long ere we reached 
our night's stopping place. On Saturday 
morning we made the last eight miles to 
the little railway station, having traveled 
forty some miles through jungle, over roads 
almost indescribable. On Saturday even- 

ing we reached Bulsar, tired and weary with 
the great heat, yet rejoicing in the keeping 
power of our Lord. 

Bro. Pittenger had just risen from a bed 
of fever and was very weak. 

It is an old saying that one appreciates a 
thing to the extent that one sacrifices to 
obtain the desired object. We believe that 
the Lord will give us strength and great 
blessing through these days while we are 
together. Florence Baker Pittenger. 


No, it was not a five-cent piece. It was 
a real, live missionary, who was lost. I 
had arranged for my horse to be at a rail- 
way station five miles from Anklesvar. It 
would be easy to find my way before dark 
to the village, one and one-half miles dis- 
tant. The Christian teacher would provide 
a guide to take me to another village, two 
miles farther on. For some reason neither 
the master nor his wife was there, and so 
I had to proceed to the next village without 
a guide. Darkness was fast approaching 
as I left the village by what seemed to be a 
well-traveled path. After going some dis- 
tance it was found that the path led through 
a field which had just been cultivated, re- 
moving every trace which might be distin- 
guished in the dark. Choosing the general 
direction I crossed the field and found that 
the path entered a grass field. This was 
followed, but the farther I went the taller 


The Missionary Visitor 

the grass and the less distinct the path. 
Soon the grass was as tall as the horse and 
then as tall as the rider's head. The dan- 
ger was increased, because at times the 
horse stepped into holes. Having noted the 
direction by the new moon a straight course 
was maintained. After some time of un- 
certainty, the moon rapidly descending, a 
cart road Was found. Proceeding rapidly in 
what I supposed was the proper course I 
met a traveler, who informed me that my 
village lay in the opposite direction. I was 
grateful for this much certainty. In due 
time I reached the village, held the appoint- 
ed services, and securing a capable guide 
went home without further mishap. 

Q. A. Holsopple. 


The fast passenger stopped at Navsari. 
The Parsee and other gentleman with 
whom I had ridden from Bulsar, taking 
their luggage left me alone in the compart- 
ment. The train had stood ten minutes and 
was nearly ready to start, when another 
Parsee entered. Calling my attention to a 
bedding roll that I had not noticed on the 
opposite seat, I said the man who got off 
must have forgotten it. He suggested that 

we hand it to the station porter to give to 
the owner, and I consented. The bundle 
was handed out the window as the train 
started. Soon I glanced up and saw on the 
shelf above a basket and parasol. Who 
could they belong to? I felt uneasy. At 
Surat the original Parsee returned to the 
compartment and inquired for his luggage, 
which we had put off at the preceding sta* 
tion. He had gone for a drink of soda, sev- 
eral cars back in the train, and not having 
time to return had ridden in another car to 
Surat. What could we do? We confessed 
to what we had done. He began to rave. 
" A soft answer turneth away wrath." We 
apologized; we offered to pay the damage; 
but no, he kindly refused. He saw our sit- 
uation and we saw his. I suggested that he 
telegraph for his luggage, and offered to 
pay the expense, but he would not allow 
that. I bought a book from the station 
bookseller and tore out the flyleaf for him 
to write the telegram. At his request I 
dictated as he wrote. All was ready for the 
bookseller to take the message to the of- 
fice. Then at my suggestion he got off to 
wait, hoping his luggage would come on 
the next train. That our good intentions 
had caused him so much trouble, I was in- 
deed very, very sorry. S. Ira Arnold. 

Mango Tree In Full Bloom, India. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Christian Women and Babies, India. 



Today I saw a common mechanic on the 
way to the railway station, as many others 
have been going the past few months. He 
may be on his way to Mesopotamia to help 
in the British construction work there. 
Proudly and unconcernedly he walked along 
empty-handed, except that he carried a 
hoisted umbrella to protect him from the 
sun. Ten or fifteen feet behind him, in the 
ordinary fashion of Indian women, went his 
wife, carrying on her head her husband's 
luggage, which consisted of a sheet-iron 
trunk and a bundle of clothing. The woman 
in India calls her husband lord, and serves 
him as if she were a slave. Many must ask 
their lord daily what food to prepare, lest 
in making a wrong choice she bring down 
on her head his lordship's wrath. And yet 
we hear that some women in America ad- 
mire the Hindu religion! 

Gertrude E. Emmert. 


He took to himself a wife a few years 
ago, paid his dowry, and settled down at 
Jarlla, a near village where we often go. 
He must have considered himself very for- 
tunate, for they say that there is not an- 

other such a beautiful woman in all Thana 
District. But she proved unfaithful, and 
ran away with another man. Her husband 
brought her back, but she at the first op- 
portunity followed the man who enticed 
her. This time the husband took her to 
her parents and asked for his dowry back, 
for he was tired of her, but her father said, 
" She is no longer my daughter, but your 
wife; do with her as it seems good to you." 
So he offered her for sale. One of our Mo- 
hammedan acquaintances offered one hun- 
dred rupees for her; but this sum was re- 
fused. So she was inspected and bargained 
for, as a beast would be, and finally fell in- 
to the hands of a Musselman for 125 ru- 
pees. What an outrage! But nothing was 
thought of it, for she was only an Indian 
woman! There is only one remedy. They 
must have the saving knowledge of Jesus 
Christ. Who will tell the multitudes? 

Rosa Kaylor. 


Some twelve or fifteen years ago a little 
Bhil girl was found starving in the back-' 
ward jungle. She was brought under Chris- 
tian influence and training and today is a 
wife and mother, of a good, strong char- 


The Missionary Visitor 


She, with her husband, spends eight hours 
a day teaching school. Besides her teach- 
ing, she does all her housework, cares for 
her two little girls, and teaches a Sunday- 
school class. 

The school inspector thinks it a great 
miracle that the little jungly, backward girl 
has developed into such a fine character. 
So much for Christian training. 

Nora Lichty. 


Mother, how do you feel when your boy 
becomes a Christian? Listen!! 

It was a very beautiful morning, this 
morning of the 23rd of October, 1915. It 
was, moreover, Saturday and our hearts 
were so full of joy because of the duties 
which were before us, for we were to go to 
the beautiful little mountain stream near 
our home to receive into fellowship with 
our dear Lord Jesus, seven precious lives. 

We were up early. The morning worship 
was very blessed, indeed. But in the midst 
of our joy we heard wailing and it was the 
sort that makes one feel and know that the 
mourner's heart is full of the keenest sor- 
row. But who, in our little community, 
can be sad when we, and, we feel, all others, 
are or should be so happy? Who, who, in- 
deed, can it be? 

It is Bhajan's old mother. But who is 
Bhajan? He is one of the applicants for 
baptism. He and his wife are ready to 
start with us and the others to the river. 
Why does his mother cry? It is because 
Bhajan, her own dear boy, is going to be- 
come a Christian — a despised Christian! Oh, 
if he could only have died before this 
dreadful hour came to him! I shall never 
forget those heartrending sobs of Bhajan's 
old mother as we drove off toward the bab- 
bling waters from which Bhajan and Jam- 
na were to come forth into a new and in- 
finitely blessed life! And when we returned 
the sobs were even more touching. 

Then my memory went back to the night 
when my own dear widowed mother (Bha- 
jan's mother is a widow) wept when her 
boy confessed Jesus, and also how the next 
morning, in the icy waters, when he en- 
tered fully into covenant w r ith his Lord, 
she wept still more. But that was the weep- 
ing of joy. Mother, you whose boy has 

" believed on the Lord Jesus," have had 
this same joy. Is it precious to you? And 
is not He who gave you this joy still more 
precious to you than your boy and the joy 
of his home coming?" 

Will you not, with us, try to think what 
a deep and terrible gulf you would have to 
cross to weep in the same way as did Bha- 
jan's mother? Will you not pray with us 
for Bhajan's mother that she be brought 
across that terrible gulf to the side where 
you, your boy and her boy now stand? 
J. M. Pittenger. 


Esther, from Vyara, came to Anklesvar to 
visit Helen and Daniel. They had good 
times together, for they are great days when 
the little ones of our missionaries can be 
together. Presently I found Daniel play- 
ing alone with his blocks. "Where are the 
girls? " " I sink they are upstairs with their 
dolls." There they were, but not with their 
dolls, but with Jithie, the little girl who lives 
in the widows' home, one of the little or- 
phans. Esther was cOmbing Jithie's hair, 
and Helen explained, " We gave her a bath, 
mother, and now we want a nice, clean 
dress for her." " Yes, and, auntie, a hair 
ribbon," Esther added. " See, her hair was 
tied up with this old string." When the 
toilet was complete, she was taken down- 
stairs and shown to the others of our house- 
hold, their real live dolly. Later, the chil- 
dren asked whether the little girls in Amer- 
ica had real live dollies like Jithie to bathe 
and dress. I suggested they may, perhaps, 
play with their brothers and sisters, but 
they answered together, " Have they no 
Jithie?" and one added, "I am afraid little 
girls and boys in America do not have such 
good times as we do." There is nothing 
like home to a child, and this is their home, 
after all. Mary E. Stover. 


In our circle we have an enrollment of 
nine women, all illiterate. They sew each 
Wednesday, and every other day sit for 
Bible lessons. The following is an exam- 
ple of what they talk about if not directed 
otherwise in conversation: 


The Missionary Visitor 


Khani: "Where have you come from, 

Dutli: "Miss Saheb sent me to call two 
of the women. Dudli is here, you know, and 
must be called." 

Dhyli: "Dudli, when did she come? It 
has been a long time since she was present 
at our circle. Not since she left here to 
live down east." 

Dutli: "Only last evening she and her 
husband came. I just saw something which 
is so funny! " 

Amdi: " What may it be? " 

Dutli: "Why, Jhanki and family were eat- 
ing from a table, don't you know. Just a 
small table, but think of those jungly, poor 
people making use of a table! They hard- 
ly have enough food to eat and can scarcely 
know enough to wear their clothes proper. 
Eating from a table! The very idea. [Laugh- 
ter.] Yes, they had some sort of old cloth 
spread on the table and had just * daslo ' 
[rice cooked in water] for their meal. It 
did look so queer to see that combination, 
Budia, Jhanki, their apparel, their food, and 
then with it a table and table cloth." [Great 

Vachti: "Dutli, you have only one eye, 
but you do see things more and better than 
the average of us. Jhanki and Budia at a 
table — I say that is funny! " 

Khalpi: "Dutli is not only quick to see, 
but notice how she grasps the lessons Miss 
Saheb teaches us every day. None of us 
are as well informed as she, and none are 
as old in years. Yet when it comes to 
knowing things and living as a Christian 
should, Dutli stands first." 

Dudli: "Amdi, why do you have that 
chotli [a tuft of hair like a queue] on your 
little girl? Every one takes her for a boy. 
Dutli has the scissors; let her cut it off." 

Amdi: "No, no, indeed! You will not cut 
that. [Amdi is not a Christian.] When my 
child was a baby she was sick and would 
not nurse. I took her to a god and was 
told to let her chotli grow for eight years. 
So I can't allow it to be cut." 

Dutli: "Then I will not dare cut it lest 
she curse me [taking the scissors], but let 

me cut the hair about the chotli; that looks 
bad, too." 

This Dutli did and suddenly she clipped 
off the chotli, too. Every one took a hearty 
laugh, for it was a joke and really clever of 
Dutli. Amdi made no fuss, neither did she 
act unkind, but with the rest joined in the 
fun of laughing. The tuft is gone, and we 
trust with it all the superstition. Amdi has 
been here less than six months. She sews 
beautifully, though she never used a needle 
before coming here. 

Sadie J. Miller. 


One evening, as we passed by our little 
country grain shop, the grandmother hur- 
ried out and begged us to sit with her. 
Then the daughter-in-law, with her sari 
drawn carefully over one side of her face, 
came shyly out. A seven months' old baby 
dangled on the hip of the younger woman, 
and soon the grandmother brought out 
another baby. " Yes, they are twins, and 
they cry so much that every morning and 
evening I give them a little pill of opium," 
and the older woman rolled up a black 
gum in a pill as large as a pea and forced 
it into the mouth of the crying child. Then 
she did likewise to the other helpless babe. 

"Not good for babies! Don't you give it 
to your baby?" 

" No, never," we assured her, " for it 
weakens children and might kill them." 

" Well, it is our custom," she said, " and be- 
sides our babies just cry and cry till I give 
it to them. With these twins both crying, 
how could we work in the day or sleep at 
night if I did not give them opium? It is 
different with your baby. She is three 
months younger, but she is fatter and hap- 
pier than ours, and I know your baby never 

A few months later one of these opium 
fed babies died, and the other lives" on, 
stinted in body and mind by the baneful 
drug. And there are thousands of babies in 
India who suffer and die because those who 
love them best know not the evil of. this 
baneful drug. Alice K. Ebey. 

" You might as well try to cure smallpox by scenery, as to try to save the world 
by improvement of environment." 


The Missionary Visitor 


Bulsar Dispensary. 

As it appears every weekday forenoon. As many as one hundred come in a day. 
Only a few women happen to appear in this snap shot. Perhaps half a dozen women 
are inside the room. As many women and children, as men, come to the Dispensary. 



One day a woman came and showed me 
the worst case of ringworm I have ever 
seen. Practically her whole body was cov- 
ered with it. It was quite easy to believe 
her when she said she could not sleep for 
the itching torture. She took along eight 
cents' worth of ointment and a piece of car- 
bolic soap. We often wondered afterwards 
if she had secured relief. Last week she re- 
turned for more ointment, saying that what 
^he had used completely cured her and she 
wanted more to prevent its return. Of 
course she received a Gospel Tract each 
time she came to the mission home. 

Gertrude E. Emmert. 
«5» <£* 

One day, after a very busy forenoon, I 
was just ready to take a few minutes' rest 
when one of the widows from the Home 
came to my window and called, " Miss Sa- 
heb, Miss Saheb, one of the women has been 
bitten by something and is crying with the 
pain." I said I would come, and went to 
see what was the matter. She thought she 
had been bitten by a snake, but finding on- 
ly one mark we decided it was perhaps a 

vinchi (scorpion), and treated it according- 
ly. I sat a few minutes talking with one of 
our aged Indian mothers. She said she had 
seen many kinds of vinchis. One kind, which 
builds little mounds around it, sort of walls 
itself in and is not very poisonous. The lit- 
tle white vinchi also is not very poisonous, 
but the big black kind, like we killed the 
other day, is deadly (?) poisonous. Another 
kind, not so large, which trails through the 
grass, is so poisonous that the grass appears 
as if it had been burned. This kind she had 
heard about. By this time the pr in was 
less, and an hour after the woman was 
around as usual, which proves that the med- 
icine is good, as they say (or the wrong 
diagnosis of the case). Villagers sometimes 
come and say they want good medicine. 
I say, " That is the only kind we have." 
They say, " Yes, yes, Saheb." 

S. Olive Widdowson. 


A Brahman has been friendly for a long 
time. He has said he wants to be a Chris- 
tian. He is well educated and has some 
special training. He is head clerk to a lum- 
ber firm. He often got medicine. One day 


The Missionary Visitor 


another Brahman came with him. They got 
their medicine. Taking a dose they asked 
for water to drink. They drank from a 
European's hand. That is breaking caste. 
There are many who acknowledge Christ 
There are many like these two men. There 
are many who acknowledge Christ but do 
not openly confess Him. Pray for them. 

Adam Ebey. 


Doctors everywhere, and especially mis- 
sion doctors, see and hear so much of mis- 
ery, sickness and distress that their diges- 
tion is apt to suffer if they think only of 
the troubled side of life; so we take pleasure 
from time to time in looking at the happy 
side of our work. Now if you have ever read 
" Pollyanna's Glad Book " you know that 
most things have a bright side to them and 
the doctor's work is no exception. 

Last month some five hundred new pa- 
tients and more than a thousand old ones 
(those who come more than one time) came 
to the Bulsar Mission Dispensary, and from 
some of their sayings and doings we have 
gleaned the following: 

Fruit, Cigarettes and Salvation. 

A patient comes complaining of indiges- 

Doctor: "What kind of food do you eat?" 

Patient: "I eat very little." 

Doctor: "But what do' you eat?" 

Patient: "Some bread, rice and grain." 

Doctor: "How many times do you eat 
each day? " 

Patient: "I eat one time." 

Doctor: "At what time of day do you 

Patient: "I take my food in the after- 

Doctor: "Do you not eat anything in the 

Patient: "Nothing." 

Doctor: "Not even a little?" 

Patient: "Oh! Yes, I take about a half 
pound of rice" (cooked). 

Doctor: " Anything else? " 

Patient: "I drink tea fifteen times a day." 

Doctor: "And do you smoke cigarettes?" 

Patient: "Yes." 

Doctor: "How many?" 

Patient: "About one hundred." 

Doctor: "Do you eat any fruit?" 

Patient: "No." 

Doctor: "Why not?" 

Patient: "I am trying to get salvation ( 
so I do not eat any fruit." 

Doctor: "Well, you quit smoking ciga* 
rettes and eat some fruit and drink less tea 
and you will get salvation much quicker.' 1 

Note. — Later it was found out that this 
man spends all his time praying while the 
rest of the family do the work about the 
farm. One man praying that the whole 
family might get salvation! We told hirr 
that Jesus Christ, and no other, was the 
only True Way to salvation. 

He Talked Too Much. 

Doctor: "And so you want different med- 
icine this time?" 

Patient (a man) : " Yes, give me anothei 
kind this time." 

Doctor: " Why do you wish different med- 
icine? Was not the other medicine good?' 

Patient: " Saheb, your medicine is verj 
good. But I am talking useless words al 
the time" 

Bystanders (laughing) : " Women als( 
talk too much." 

He Wanted to Sit Down. 

Doctor: "Do you have any other troubl 
besides the fever? " 

Patient: "Yes. Now you see I am stand 
ing up. Well, I feel just as if I wanted t( 
sit down." 

Doctor: "Oh, that is nothing. I feel tha 
way myself sometimes." 

Too Round. 

(Quotation from a note written by a man con 
cerning his grandson, who is too fat.) 

" So, for the other symptoms I have noth- 
ing to say. I weighed him and he has turned 
out eighty-six pounds. I shall measure thi 
roundness of his stomach today and watc| 
his waist for a week and see how the round- 
ness comes or goes." 

Needed Fixing. 

Doctor (to husband of patient): " Whal 
is the matter with your wife?" 

Husband: "The Doctor Madam Sahel 
knows, I don't. Madam Saheb, please ex- 
amine her very minutely, for there is some* 
thing the matter with all her works." 


The Missionary Visitor 


Too Much Pain. 
(Copy of a note written in English.) 
" Respected Doctors : I beg to request your 
ounor that am suffering too much pain 
n my all joints & too much pain in my 
tumuck. I have no appetite also too much 
ain in my front part of my body. I hope 
ou will see my pain with machine & then 
ou come to know that what pain disise I 
ave. Kindly do needful I will pay your 
se very willingly. I beg to remain, 

Your most obdt pupil." 

eats, etc., then again questions about the 

Doctor: "You say you go to bed at half- 
past ten? " 

Patient: "Usually at eleven." 

Doctor: "You get to sleep by one o'clock, 
now, don't you? " 

" Yes, sometimes," replies the patient. 

Doctor: "Do the cattle or the chickens 
\vaken you in the morning? " 

Patient replies, " The chickens." 

A Group of Dispensary Patients, Bulsar. 

The building in the background is the bungalow. With these people Drs. Cottrell 
are rapidly gaining a reputation and winning their love. 

He Got No Sleep. 

" See me. I want medicine," says a pa- 

"What pain do you have?" asks the doc- 

" I do not have any pain," comes the re- 
ly. " But I do not sleep at night." 

"Do not sleep at night? Not even a lit- 
e?" asks the doctor. 

Patient replies, " No, not even a parti- 
le for three months." 

" Are you sure you do not sleep even a 
ttle? " again questions the doctor. 

" Xo, I never sleep any more. Just lie 
wake," the patient replies. 

The doctor then asks about the patient's 
imily, what work he does, what food he 

Why They Did Not Come in the Morning. 

As far as possible we have all patients 
come to the dispensary in the morning, so 
as to keep the afternoon free for other 
work, study, preparation of medicines, out- 
side calls, etc. One day a man and his wife 
arrived at the dispensary at about two 
o'clock in the afternoon and the following 
conversation took place: 

Patients: "We want medicine." 
Doctor: "Why did you not come this 
morning? " 

Patients: "We did come this morning." 
Doctor: " But it is now nearly three 
o'clock. This is not morning." 

Patients: "But we did come this morn- 
ing as soon as we could." 


The Missionary Visitor 


Doctor: "What time did you leave your 

home? " 

Patients: "When the chickens began to 

make a noise." 

Doctor: "Where do you live?" 
Patients: "We live very far away." 
Doctor: " How far have you come? " 
Patients: " Saheb, we have come more 

than twenty-five miles." 

Many patients travel long distances to 

reach mission dispensaries. 

Satisfied at Last. 

Many patients are curious to know what 
disease they have, and they often ask us 
to tell them the name of their disease. We 
find that there is no equivalent word in the 
Gujarati language for many of the English 
names of diseases, so all that we can do is 
to tell them what part or organ is affected. 
Sometimes this does not satisfy them and 
they think we do not know as much as we 
should and insist on a name. To satisfy 
such people we occasionally give them the 
English name for their diseases. This sat- 
isfies them and they think we are very wise, 
for we know the name of their disease even 
though they may not have the slightest idea 
what the word means and will probably 
forget it in ten minutes. The following sto- 
ry illustrates a typical case of the kind just 

Doctor: "All right, you may go now." 

Patient (an old fisherwoman, who can 
scarcely count up to ten) : " Madam Saheb, 
what disease do I have?" 

Doctor: " I have given you good medi- 
cine, you will get better." 

Patient: "I will praise your honor's name 
very much. Is my disease a bad disease?" 

Doctor: " No, it is not a bad disease. Yo'u 
have stomach trouble." 

Patient: "What is that? I do not know 
what kind of a disease that is." 

Doctor: "There is no name in Gujarati 
for your disease. You may go now, do you 
not see that many other patients are wait- 

Patient: "What is the name of my dis- 
ease; you know, I don't." 

Doctor: "You have gastritis." 

This satisfied her, and with a gratified, 
though non-comprehending look on her 
face, she drawled out a long " O-o-o-o-o-h," 

picked up her bottle and went her way in 


Drs. A. Raymond and Laura M. Cottrell. 


Nyak is one grade of Police. 

One evening a stranger came to our door. 
He said, " My wife is very sick, can you give 
her some medicine?" After he had told us 
a little about her sickness, we said that it 
would be good if we could see her first. 
"Shall we come?" He said, "Yes, come." 
So Sister Kaylor and I went at once: When 
we reached there she was suffering dread- 
fully. We decided to stay and doctor her, 
so we sent her husband back to the bunga- 
low for some medicine and cloths. As soon 
as he returned we began heating the cloths, 
over a charcoal fire, and applying them, aft- 
er having bathed her well with the medi- 
cine. In an hour or so she seemed better, 
and, hoping that she could get a little sleep 
we came home. 

The next day they told us that she did 
not sleep any. This continued for several 
days, and we were concerned about her, and 
it seemed at times that she would succumb 
to the disease. We continued the treat- 
ment, however, and in ten days or so she 
was feeling good again. We were glad 
for the opportunity of helping her, and also 
glad to get acquainted with the family. In 
this family are three children, a boy and 
two girls. The baby girl is such a dear lit- 
tle thing, and so friendly. She made up 
with us the first time we were there, and al- 
ways seemed pleased when we came. She 
liked to cuddle up in our arms while her 
mother was too sick to hold her. It seemed 
that she was hungry for a little loving. We 
continued going to this home till the wom- 
an was quite well. When we went the last 
time she was up, and greeting us with a 
smile said, " Your medicine made me well.'' 
We believed that it was not so much the 
medicine as it was answer to prayer in her 
behalf. We staid a little while, then got up 
to leave, but she said, " No, do not go yet." 
That meant, " We are making tea for you." 
So we staid and drank tea. Now when any 
of them are sick they come to us. We can't 
doctor all diseases, but so far have been 
able to doctor any disease that they have 


The Missionary Visitor 


come to us with. It has made a friendship 
that we feel will be lasting. 

Josephine Powell. 


A woman lay dying of consumption and 
tier brother cooked her a mess of crows 
and chicken meat as a last cure. The Bhils 
Relieve that crow meat is very heating and 
thus effects a cure. It is mixed with chick- 
en to deceive the patient. The woman died 
i few days after she had eaten the meat. 

Nora Lichty. 


Here comes an elderly woman who has 
been suffering for some months. She has 
taken medicines, but none have helped he". 
She has heard of the new European lady 
Joctor, so her husband brings her to us for 
■elief. She is pale and weakened from her 
llness. On examination we find she has a 
tumor, and no medicine' will give her re- 
ief. An operation is the only remedy. They 
want to know if we can do it. We have to 
tell them we have no place. They must 

go eighty or a hundred miles to a hospital. 
These people are very timid about going a 
distance from home. She will probably con- 
tinue to suffer rather than go. If we had 
a place to operate and a place for in-pa- 
tients we would be glad to take care of her. 

Just the day before the only child of well- 
to-do parents was brought to us. She is 
crippled and in pain from disease of the 
spine. There is nothing to do for her out- 
side hospital appliances and treatment, so 
we must give them the same unwelcome 
news and send them away. 

About ten days previously, parents 
brought their only child, who is very sick 
with pneumonia. They fell at my feet, 
pleading for me to make their baby well. 
It needs the best of care. But we have no 
place to offer them. We can't even ask 
them to stay on the dispensary veranda, as 
our rooms are rented of a high-caste man 
and his buildings would be defiled if we al- 
lowed these low-caste people to stay and eat 
on even the veranda. It is rainy season 
and they must have shelter. We gave them 
medicine and told them how to use it. 

Barbara M. Nickey, M. D. 



Not long ago I was talking with a non- 
Christian personal friend of good standing 
—a business man. I was expressing my 
sorrow that so many men can't be trusted. — 
hat it is dangerous to trust them fully. He 
idded that to trust implicitly, and to shut 
Dur eyes meanwhile, is nothing more nor 
ess than to throw the other fellow into 
emptation, and if he falls we are responsi- 
}le for it. Then he added: "And to make 
sure of me, I say, you had better buy else- 
where sometimes, so that I am not tempted 
:o take advantage of your presumed ig- 
lorance on the price of things." 

&$• <<?* 

W. B. Stover. 


In company with Brethren Arnold and 
Lichty a night and day were spent in visit- 
ng Nandod, the capital of Raj Pipla State. 
This is a city of about twelve thousand 
souls. Arrangements had been made for 

our accommodation by the superintendent 
of police, at the government bungalow. 
Here we found comfortable beds and 
wholesome food. The next morning we 
were invited by his highness, the raja of 
the state, to visit him at the court. This 
was a new experience for two of our party, 
so we had appointed Bro. Lichty to be our 
spokesman. The raja is a young man who 
has received his education in part in Eng- 
land. He thus spoke English with ease and 
spoke with intelligence on various topics. 
He showed some interest in our mission 
work, especially in our efforts to train the 
people in improved methods of agriculture. 
He gave a warm invitation to our mission 
to establish a hospital in the city of Nandod. 
Taking leave from the king the rest of the 
morning was spent in seeing the sights of 
interest. It was rather a surprise to find 
so many things modern and improved in this 
capital of a small Indian state. 

Q. A. Holsopple, 


The Missionary Visitor 


An Indian Christian Home. 

This house was built by a Christian family in Bulsar in 1916. All are church mem- 
bers but are engaged in private work for a livelihood. 


Again the government of India encour- 
aged government servants to celebrate the 
anniversary of the beginning of the war by 
attending prayer services in their respective 
places of worship. The Hindu gentleman 
who is at the head of government affairs in 
our county was educated in a mission school 
and believed that a special service should 
be held for prayer to the one great God. He 
sent to the mission to inquire if we would 
hold such a service and invite him and his 
associates to attend. We were very, very 
sorry indeed to be compelled to answer that 
we had no suitable room for such a meet- 
ing. Then it was decided to hold the meet- 
ing in the courtroom, and the missionary 
was invited to come and lead them in their 
worship. An earnest and prayerful effort 
was made to lead all present to see that to 
get God to help us we must first ally our- 
selves with Him. He cannot oppose Him- 
self by taking sides with those who live in 
rebellion to His will. 

J. B. Emmert. 


A high-caste merchant died of plague. He 
and his brother have been our friends for 
several years. When the elder brother died 

the younger man was very sad. He cried 
and I cried. " Only weak men and women 
shed tears." When our Adah died, he wept 
with me. A few months ago, when he 
heard of our going to America, he came to 
the bungalow and we wept together again. 
He is a good man, and much respects Christ 
and our work. Pray for him. 

Adam Ebey. 


We have just had our examinations in 
the boarding schools and are very pleased 
with the result. The government examiner, 
a high-caste man from Baroda, afterwards | 
told me about as follows: "Many people j 
think because I am quiet, not talkative, that 
I am proud. This is not true of me: It's! 
my. nature to be quiet. On finishing my ed~* 
ucation and beginning work as a school in-4 
spector, the king himself advised me to daJ 
my work quietly, attending to my own busi-i 
ness; to do it not for pay, but for the ben-1 
efit I might be to my fellow-men; in short,| 
to give myself in unselfish devotion to my| 
work, like foreign missionaries in India. It 
see you teachers in this school are workingj 
not for pay merely, for your pay is low; but! 
for results, and you are winning, you arc] 
getting things done." 

Premchaud Ganesh. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Bible Students' Booms, Bulsar Bible School, India. 



A non-Christian told me recently, " When 
my father died I was but 9 or 10 years old. 
At the time I had neither money nor fields, 
yet was in school, though against my moth- 
er's wish. Seeing I could learn little in 
the village I ran away to the Government 
Boarding School and finally passed in the 
sixth standard. How much this education 
has benefited me I am unable to tell. My 
people still think there is no advantage ac- 
cruing from schooling, but they are badly 
mistaken. On coming out of school I had 
nothing; but today I have fields and imple- 
ments for farming. So the village people, 
taking me for a sample of what a school can 
do for one, have through me called for a 
mission school in our town. They now see 
what they have missed hitherto." That vil- 
lage furnishes the house, the books and 
slates, and we have started a mission school 
there. We pray that it may prove great 
blessing to the people, in leading them to 
the Lord. Premchaud Ganesh. 


One of our boys in the Orphanage was in- 
clined to be wayward. He was a good boy, 
in a way, but he often yielded to temptation. 
He had to be punished often and hard. He 

was expelled several times. He contracted 
a disease from his sinful life, and almost 
died. At last he repented, was cured, began 
to live a clean life, stuck to his job, and got 
married. Today he is doing well. He 
teaches a school. He is not high-minded; 
often does carpenter work outside school 
hours, and is not afraid of common labor. 
The grace of God doeth wonders. Godly 
patience with the wayward bears good fruit. 

Adam Ebey. 


She came to us dirty, bashful, untaught 
and uncouth, very scantily dressed. The 
first weeks we could scarcely get her to 
talk. A more unpromising one seldom 
comes to us. 

After being here nearly a year her father 
said. " What is the use in her going to 
school? Even if I ask her a question she 
does not know enough to answer, but stands 
and laughs very silly. She has no brains or 
sense — " 

But Natli kept on in school. She began 
to have a more open face and grew bright- 
er. Untidy and careless about her personal 
appearance, she was rather repulsive, but 
with other improvements this, too, began to 
manifest itself in improvement until we 
(Continued on Page 32.) 


The Missionary Visitor 




When we learned that the Bulsar Hospital 
is to be named in honor of our deeply-la- 
mented Sister Quinter, who used to be in 
charge of the work here at Jalalpor, our 
Women's Meeting decided to make up an 
offering for it. A solicitor was appointed 
and made a canvass of the entire member- 
ship and some friends in town. She has al- 
ready secured fifteen rupees and there is 
yet some to come in. This will seem a little 
amount to you in America, but our people 
here get only about $4 a month on which to 
keep a whole family. Those who get $6 or 
$7 are considered pretty well off. In the 
light of this we are pleased with their offer- 
ing. Gertrude E. Emmert. 


Our District Mission Board was elected 
in 1909, and the sum of $125 was put in its 
hands to begin work. The way in which 
these offerings have increased from year to 
year is most encouraging. Just notice: 

1909, $125 1913, ,...$336 

1910, 187 1914, 413 

1911, 213 1915, 393 

1912, 304 1916, 428 

Seeing that we have 1,400 members at 
present, this last offering represents 30c 
per member, which is very good, indeed, 
when we remember the poverty of our peo- 
ple. Most have but a scant living, but we 
are trying to teach them to give liberally. 
Some few give the tenth. 

J. M. Blough. 


The ordinary native bin in India is about 
four feet deep by two and a half feet square. 
It is made of a mixture of chaff and clay, 
carefully moulded in two or three sections. 
These are dried in the sun and finally joined 
together by mud and cow-dung plaster. A 
lid is also plastered on the top after the bin 

is filled. A fist hole at the bottom allows 
grain to be taken out as required. 

The particular bin I am to write about 
had a chalk mark drawn horizontally around 
its middle. It had been built by a Bhil 
Christian's wife, and was in his house, but 
the chalk mark divided what was. his share 
of the recent rice harvest from God's share. 

Bins were scarce, so this arrangement had 
to do for one year at least. A more satis- 
factory method of giving God his dues fol- 
lowed. Instead of the half bin, our worthy 
brother now cultivates an acre for God 
which is half of the field just near his house. 
Of course he has other fields, too, but none 
are better cultivated than the acre for God, 
and none give him greater joy. Wouldn't 
it be interesting to know how much land 
God owns in Christendom? 

D. J. Lichty. 


Some thirty fisherboys came to the mis- 
sion school, lately opened in their village. 
Every Sunday morning the Christian teach- 
er taught them the regular Sunday-school 
lesson, and these heathen boys learned 
many gospel truths. One morning, about 
eight months after the school had been 
opened, one of the boys said, " Master, I 
want to speak a word to you. We no long- 
er worship idols, and we offer no sacrifices 
to our gods. We have learned that peo- 
ple in the days of Paul gave something for 
Jesus the first day of each week. Why 
could not we give something, even though 
we are poor? " 

The teacher was pleased, and now each 
Sunday the basket is well filled with their 
offerings. A few pice (half cent pieces) 
are dropped in the basket, but those who 
have no money hunt the courie shells on 
the seashore near by. Twenty of these 
shells are worth a pie — one-sixth of a cent. 
But these boys are learning the meaning of 
regular, willing giving, and such giving is 
well pleasing to the Lord. 

Alice K. Ebey. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Just a little while before the close of the 
second year of the war, the director of pub- 
lic instruction sent to all government and 
nded schools the suggestion that an enter- 
:ainment be held in each school and that an 
offering be taken up from those present for 
:he benefit of the suffering Belgian children. 
Dur young Indian brother, Narotam, who 
s head master of the mission school at 
Bhat, learned of the scheme too late to car- 
-y it out in his school on the appointed 
lay. Not to be behind in so good a work, 
le took it upon himself to make a house-to- 
louse canvass in his village and succeeded 
n raising, from a people who knew practi- 
:ally nothing of giving, as much as twelve 
upees and three annas ($4.06). 

J. B. Emmert. 


A new dispensary is being built in Jalal- 
por. The hope is that if the citizens sup- 
ply the house and equipment, the govern- 
ment will supply the doctor. Surrounding 
villages were asked to contribute. The town 
people are sometimes inclined to think that 
the Christians are not a part of the commu- 
nity, but are rather associated with the for- 
eigners. To counteract such notions we 
as a Christian community decided to con- 
tribute forty rupees for this dispensary. Six 
rupees come from the Bhat school, men- 
tioned above, and seven from the school at 
Machad, in which another young brother, 
Hiralal, is head master. The balance is to 
be supplied by those at Jalalpor. 

J. B. Emmert. 

Native Homes, Bulsar. 

The children from these homes are fairly regular in the Mission School. 
" homes " are within a few hundred feet of the Bulsar Church. 




We have just settled our class of girls 
to their sewing. Only ten of them today, 
so things seem rather quiet; when twenty 
or thirty come they make quite a hum till 
each girl gets her work. Some are sew- 
ing quilt blocks, which were sent from 
home, into little quilts. These are the be- 
ginners. When they have learned to sew 

nicely they get waists to make; there are 
several now sewing on their waists and are 
doing it nicely, too. Then when they have 
learned to sew well they are taught crochet- 
ing. But a class of twenty girls, eight to 
twelve years old, is not without its prob- 
lems; for girls are girls the world over. 
Voices come from here and there, " I want 
some thread," " Give me a quilt patch," 


The Missionary Visitor 


"Miss Saheb,, my needle is blunt," "Miss 
Saheb, Chumpy is sticking out her tongue 
at me," or, on the other hand, " Why, 
Tnckie, you did not do that right; it must be 
taken out," " Kondie, you are quarreling 
again," " Nerie, you are improving; keep 
on trying," " Guji, give Shanti her work; 
you work on your own," etc., etc., directing 
and correcting. But they enjoy coming as 
much as we enjoy having them. 

These girls are of the best class of Hin- 
dus, and go to the Girls' School through 
the day and come here from 5 to 6 in the 
evening. They come pretty well dressed, 
but not always overclean; and sometimes 
we have to send them home to wash their 
hands or comb their hair, as we make this 
a requirement. Through these girls we have 
found entrance into a number of their 
homes, and through this friendship hope to 
do much good. Rosa Kaylor. 


The women and children of different 
churches in the homeland have been supply- 
ing us with picture cards and quilt patches 
for some time, and I thought that perhaps 
you would like to know how these are used. 
We at our station use the picture cards in 
both heathen and Christian Sunday-schools. 
The cards are appreciated very much, espe- 
cially by the boys and girls in the heathen 
Sunday-schools. You see these children 
never have anything that is really pretty in 
their homes, and to come each Sunday 
morning and get a pretty card is something 
worth while. To see the eager faces when 
it comes time to give out the cards is a 
great pleasure. Many of these children keep 
their cards and paste them on the walls in 
their best room. Then when we go to their 
homes they point to them and say, " See 
our cards." They are as happy over them 
as you would be if some one would give you 
a real nice present. 

The quilt patches are used in the sewing 
classes for our Christian women and also in 
classes for heathen girls. These girls, when 
they first come to learn sewing, are given 
these quilt patches, and the first thing that 
they make is a little quilt for their dolly. 
Would you children like to know what kind 
of dolls they play with? All right, I will tell 

When the Fruit Man Comes Aunt Ida 
Treats the Children, Anklesvar. 

you. They are little wooden dolls that an 
made out of a flat piece of wood, and it i; 
left flat on the back, while the front is 
shaped a little like a doll. But I'm sure yoi 
children would not like to play with them 
for they are not pretty, like the dolls tha 
you have. But you see many of these chil 
dren have never seen any other kind of £ 
doll. I have some real pretty dolls thai 
were sent from people in America, and I arr. 
going to give them to the sewing-class girls 
for next Christmas. One day I showed them 
these dolls and they almost went into e<> 
stasies over them. They all wanted to hold 
one, just for a little while. 

Josephine Powell. 


Parental sin and ignorance cause much 
suffering among Indian children. Two sucfj 
instances came to our notice recently. 

Two women brought a tiny baby, about a 
month old, to us for help. It was full ol 
sores and tumorous bumps and was crying 
piteously. What could we do? Nothingl 


The Missionary Visitor 


5o we sent them to the government doctor 
or help. 

A few days ago a baby about a year old 
vas brought for medicine. There was a large 
joil on the little fellow's neck. While ex- 
imining it we noticed a raw sore, as long 
ind broad as one's ringer, on the child's 
Dack. Inquiring what it was, they answered 

Oh, we burned him there with a hot stick 
:o drive away the evil spirit.'' 

Oh, how my heart goes out for the chil- 
Iren of this land! May God help us to help 
he parents to know better how to care for 
heir children. Pray for us. that if we can 
!0t reach the older ones we may reach the 
hildren and teach them to become better 
parents, that the children of future India 
nay not have to suffer so much, and that 
hey may be brought up in the way of the 
Lord. Mrs. S. Ira Arnold. 


The first bell has rung to call us together 
for Sunday-school. Here come the little 
Dnes, for they never wait for the ringing of 
the second bell. They play about on the 
swing, on the veranda, in the sand-pile, a 
few slyly peeping in at the doors till the 
time passes. 

Now it is time to go. The little ones, 
skipping or running, or walking by twos 
and threes, are in their places first. The 
boys from the boarding school come gravely 
along in a line. The older folk, with their 

Bibles and hymn books, come more slowly. 
Presently all are gathered and quietly seat- 
ed, each one having bowed his head in si- 
lent prayer as he sat down. The opening 
service proceeds, classes separate for the 
study period, and we shall notice them as 
they pass. The women form a class on the 
veranda. The boys make up three classes 
and recite in the schoolrooms. Sister Wid- 
dowson has a class gathered from the town 
— more properly the streets — big and little, 
to whom she with her helpers tells the sim- 
plest and most easily understood truths. 
One class remains in the meeting room, 
the men, with Bro. Stover as teacher. 

I want you to come with me today to the 
little children's class. We go to our house, 
where we can sing as loudly as we wish, and 
not disturb anyone. There are twenty-five 
present, the youngest not yet two years old, 
the oldest nearly nine. They are all chil- 
dren of Christians — yes, all of them — and 
some are now left parentless. You should 
see their bright faces as they sing, pray, or 
repeat verses of Scripture. These are the 
hope of our future church in India. 

This in our little Sunday-school at An- 
klesvar, only one of a number of Sunday- 
schools all over our needy field. The work 
is quite similar to what you are doing at 
home, only remember that if you walk out 
on the road, just beyond the mission centers, 
you are where Sunday is not kept at all. 
So glad for your visit. Come again. 

Mary E. Stover. 

Saheb Daud (David), One of India's Prospective Preachers, 
Taking a Bath. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Ezra Flory. 

WE believe what one Sunday-school 
expert says: "The church will fail 
in its task of world-conquest if the 
Sunday-school does not give systematic in- 
struction in missions," for it is only by giv- 
ing the world vision to the children 'in the 
Sunday-schools that we can save the man of 
tomorrow from the religious impoverishment 
which today is so often seen, in spite of the 
marked progress made in the last generation 
in conquest of the world for Christ. Lead- 
ers of the missionary movement have come 
to the conclusion that the Sunday-school is 
the place where the problem must be solved. 
Like many other great reform movements, 
this work must be laid deep in the instruc- 
tion of the young. 

In years past we have seen sporadic or 
spasmodic methods employed, but these 
have been found insufficient. Sometimes a 
sermon was preached once a year, stirring 
the emotions of the people, and followed by 
an appeal to pocketbooks. This was dis- 
covered to be unworthy of the great mis- 
sionary cause, and today the attempt is be- 
ing made to reach the work in a more thor- 
oughgoing plan of missionary training so 
as to produce a missionary church and peo- 
ple at home. 

Many schools give to missions when there 

is no effort made to study missions. Educa- 
tion in this line must keep pace with mis- 
sionary giving, if cheerful and generous giv- 
ers are to be produced. 

Some one has said that conversion usually 
consists of four stages: first, the head; sec- 
ond, the heart; third, the mouth; and fourth, 
the pocketbook. But from the third to the 
fourth there is a long passage with cata- 
racts to impede the progress, worse than 
those in the Nile. It is this grace of giving 
through the intelligent motivation of educa- 
tion that must be reached. In fact, we are 
not conserving the early manifestations of 
this feeling in the moral and religious train- 
ing of our children. 

The day is coming when the Sunday- 
school that has not sent some of its mem- 
bers to a home or foreign mission field, 
while at the same time numbering still oth- 
ers in its membership as volunteers pledged 
to go, will be ashamed and self-condemned 

The kingdom of God, in its present spread 
in the world, is the point of contact with 
the Bible story of old. We are teaching as 
much religion by teaching the progress anc 
characters in the field of present missionary 
endeavor as when we tell the old story ovei 
and over. 
' 3446 Van Buren St., Chicago. 


Winnie E. Cripe. 

President Li Yuan Hung is not only pro- 
gressive, but philanthropic in his position 
and manner of ruling in China. For years 
there have been organized Anti-footbinding 
Societies in the coast cities and points in 
prominence along the railroads, and much 
has been done in a public way to stamp out 
this evil in the land, but such movements 
had not yet reached the more remote and 
mountainous districts in the interior. The 
president has sent forth a command that no- 
tices be posted in all the provinces advising 
against footbinding, and encouraging the 
organizing of societies opposing it. Word 

came from the governor of Shansi to the 
official at Liao Chou, and about a month 
ago the notice was posted on the city bill- 
board for the first time, as far as we know. 
Thus far the girls in our mission boarding 
school here are the only ones with unbound 
feet, but sentiment is growing along this line 
and we hope this official encouragement will 
prove effective. 


Sister Shock reached her destination at 
Liao Chou during the first days of the 
month, and on the 9th the school for our 


The Missionary Visitor 


foreign children here was opened in the lit- 
tle brick schoolhouse in Bro. Bright's back 
yard. It is a great joy and blessing to have 
this privilege for these little ones in the 
homes of our missionaries who must spend 
their early days in a foreign land, and we 
continually thank the Father Who has made 
it possible. 

Oct. 10 the cornerstone was laid in the 
foundation of the hospital which is being 
built at Liao Chou. At the appointed hour 
quite a crowd gathered on the grounds, in- 
cluding the pupils of the boys' and girls' 
schools of the mission, and some from the 
government boys' school. We were pleased 
to have present our local city official, his 
wife, one son and four daughters. During 
the opening of the service the official sat on 
the platform, arranged temporarily for the 
occasion, with Dr. Brubaker and Bro. 
Bright, after which he spoke briefly of the 
purpose of the building and the advantage 
it would be to the district. 

Both Bro. Vaniman and Dr. Wampler left 
their work at Ping Ting Hsien to spend a 
couple of days at Liao Chou in field com- 
mittee meeting. Bro. Vaniman tried, as an 
experiment, to come over the mountains on 
his bicycle. He not only succeeded in cov- 
ering in fourteen hours the ground that we 
usually spend the most of three days on by 
litter or riding donkey, but gave the natives 
a new kind of scare all along the route. He 
was perhaps the first to go over this moun- 
tain road in this way, and his " self-going 
cart" was a great wonder to the residents of 

Liao Chou. 


The Woman's Bible School, opened last 
month at Ping Ting Hsien, seems to be fill- 
ing a need felt at that station. Twelve are 
now enrolled — some Christians and some 
non-Christians, but all show an interest in 
the work, and the prospects are that the 
attendance will increase. 

Everybody has been very busy harvesting 
and getting ready for winter, which condi- 
tion renders it rather difficult to work in 
the villages and the homes. Sister Metzger 
has taken advantage of this time to make 
a trip to Peking to look up the work and 
see our new workers who are in language 

study there, while Sister Blough can be at 
the station and have charge of the Girls' 
School during her absence. Sister Blough 
plans some extended trips in the country 
among the villages after the busy season is 
past. ^ 

Bro. Bright has been spending a few days 
at the out-stations from Liao Chou, holding 
classes for the inquirers. He first went to 
He Shun; then Sisters Bright and Hutch- 
ison went with him to Yu She Hsien. This 
was the first time foreign ladies had gone 
to the last-named place, but they were re- 
ceived with a hearty welcome and the peo- 
ple seemed eager for them to return and 
tell them more of the true Gospel. There 
are men at each of these places who are 
now under special teaching, preparatory 
to entering the church, and they seem eager 
to have their families also believe. There 
would be sufficient work of this kind to con- 
sume the most of the time of a worker, both 
among men and women in the villages and 
out-stations, but as yet no one can be spared 
from the main station for this work. We 
hope the day may soon come when these 
too may have an opportunity to hear the 

trUth - jl # 


It is only accidental that I found out 
about a small band of our Bible students on 
whose heart the Spirit laid the burden of 
prayer. It was with a very glad' heart that I 
learned about it and now tell about it. 
We are planning for a great " Forward 
Movement " in the India church, and these 
brethren, as they thought about it as well 
as about the needs of their own spirits, 
banded together for special waiting on the 
Lord in prayer. The purpose was born of 
the Spirit, and with holy zeal they meet in 
the church every night to pray as the Spirit 
leads. We praise the Lord for those on 
whose hearts rests the salvation of India, 
and who seek to be prepared themselves for 
the greatest possible service. And their 
testimony is splendid to the value of prayer. 
If every church in the Brotherhood had such 
a prayer band what an immense " Forward 
Movement" we might expect! 

J. M. Blough. 


The Missionary Visitor 




Edna Brubaker. 
Greetings to Our Fellow Volunteers: 

We are glad to be a part of the Student 
Volunteer Movement. Our band is small, 
ten active and three associate members; 
but we hope to increase our number. There 
is also a Mission Study Class of sixty stu- 
dents organized. We are studying " The 
Decisive Hour of Christian Missions," by 
John R. Mott. Besides this, the curriculum 
offers a mission course which includes 
" Christian Heroism" and the seal books. 

Our aim is to increase interest and enthu- 
siasm in the cause of missions and to de- 
velop leaders in the church. Our medium 
of accomplishing this purpose is deputation 
work. There are many calls for programs, 
and we consider each one of them a pre- 
cious opportunity. 

May the sunshine of God's love unfold 
each of our lives, that we may lavishly scat- 
ter His fragrance and His beauty among 
our fellow-men. 

Secretary of Volunteer Band. 


This should be the slogan of every Chris- 
tian, and I believe it is the slogan of every 
Christian who possesses joy, peace, and 
power for service. There are three charac- 
teristics which the Christian who lives this 
motto does possess, and it behooves every 
sincere Christian to acquire them and devel- 
op a higher standard of Christian living. 

To begin, the love of Jesus Christ must 
be the motive of our lives. Because we 
love, we will desire to serve for the sake 
of serving, asking nothing in return. We 
will not only render willing service, but 
will serve with will. 

Love and service are the stepping stones 
to the second characteristic. The presence 
of Christ must be the dominant standard 
and principle of our lives. I believe that 
the study of Christ as a Man, as well as the 
Son of God, and frequent secret prayer are 
fundamental to this characteristic. Obedi- 
ence will naturally result, and we will seek 

to live the surrendered life. I think it is a 
practical help to remember that " God wants 
not only surrender for all time but at all 

The third characteristic will naturally fol- 
low, and the glory of Christ will be the end 
and rule of our lives. Our scale of values 
will approach Christ's scale of values; and 
it will not matter to us if our ambition and 
selfish ideals are wrecked if it results in 
Christ's glory. The fulfillment of " God's 
plan " and the " Coming of His kingdom " 
will be our guiding principles. Then, as 
Mrs. Sangster has -written, 

" In hope that riseth ever, 
In faith forever strong, 
In love that faileth never 
We lift our joyful song. 
Where Jesus leads we'll follow, 
His footprints go before, 
The cross, our conquering symbol, 
We seek for more and more." 

Edna Brubaker. 


Albert D. Helser. 

The general tendency of the family from 
which I come was to attend Ohio State 
University, Columbus. I passed through 
four years of high-school work and one 
year of teaching, with the plan before me 
at all times of entering Ohio State Univer- 
sity. I expected to pursue an agricultural 
course. I chose this field because I real- 
ized the fact that people must be fed first; 
last and all the time. However, I came to^ 
realize that the environment at State in- 
stitutions was not the best, so I decided to* 
get my first year's work at Manchester Col- 
lege, where environment was of the best 
type. I did not have the least intention of 
taking more than one year's work at Manl 
Chester, because I desired a special agricul-f 
ture course. With this intention I entered 
Manchester College in September. 

My environment brought about a won-, 
derful change. I did not give up the idea 
of nourishment as a thing we must have. 


The Missionary Visitor 


just changed my view as to the kind 01 
ourishment that was most needed. After 
areful and prayerful consideration, I de- 
ided that there were more souls hungering 
Dr the bread of eternal life than there were 
}r daily bread. I was impressed, also, by 
he following statement: "He that soweth 
o his flesh shall of the flesh reap corrnp- 
ion; but he that soweth to the Spirit shall 

of the Spirit reap life everlasting." As a 
result I am a volunteer. This changes my 
future plans considerably, but if it is God's 
will, His will be done and not mine. Your 
life does not belong to you. Why do you 
not give to God those things which are 
God's and permit Him to use you as His 
wisdom may direct? 
Manchester College. 


R. A. Frantz. 


'raise the Lord that so many are earnestly 
at work on the field learning the language. 

'ray for the teachers who direct and for the 
missionaries in their difficult task of learn- 
ing the language. 

Lemember personally each of the new ar- 
rivals in China: I. E. Oberholtzer and 
wife; Laura Shock, Bessie Rider and 
Nettie Senger; in India, A. T. Hoffert, H. 
P. Garner and wife, Jennie Mohler and 
Goldie Swartz. 

'ray that the Spirit may give them excep- 
tional ability in mastering their first 
large task. 


>even of our missionaries are now in the 
home country resting from their labors. 

ray for Bro. Crumpacker who is covering 
such a large field in his visits among the 
schools and churches. 

Remember Sister Ida Himmelsbaugh in her 
nurses' training work at McPherson, 

D ray that Brother Adam Eby and wife may 
be used largely of the Lord in arousing 
an enthusiasm for missions. 
ray for Brother E. H. Eby as he moves 
about among the churches of the West 
in the interest of our mission work. 

Vlay we intercede for Sister Holsopple that 
she may quickly recover from her sick- 

Remember Sister Eliza B. Miller as she 
continues her furlough that she may be 
instrumental in kindling much zeal for 
Christ's kingdom. 

Jan. 28-Feb. 3.— MISSIONARIES' CHIL- 

Let us think of the junior department of 
our foreign missionary service. Perhaps 
these boys and girls, children of our mis- 
sionaries, have a larger place to fill than 
is usually accredited to them. 

Think especially of those young men and 
women who are separated from their par- 
ents while they are attending schools in 
this country. 

Pray that their lives may mean much to 
the students of their respective schools. 

Pray for the health of the missionaries' 
children who are on the field in the midst 
of so many diseases. 

Remember the education of these children 
which is such a large problem in India 
and in China. 

Pray for Sister Shock in her field in China. 


Pray for the evangelistic workers in China, 
Brethren Vaniman, Bright, and Flory. 

Praise God that so many women and girls 
are being reached by the kindness and 
teaching of our sisters at Liao Chou and 
Ping Ting Hsien. 

Remember A. W. Ross, J. M. Pittenger and 
others who have oversight of this work 
in India. 

Pray for the native Christian evangelists 
who are such valuable assistants in this 
important work. 

Pray for the boys and girls in our schools 
in both India and China. 

Pray that our schools may be fully equipped 
in teachers and buildings. 


The Missionary Visitor 




Under World-wide, in the December Visitor, the 
$1.00 credited to Jos. F. Hamilton, First West 
Virginia, should have been credited to Mt. Union 
congregation, Western District of Pennsylvania, 

During the month of November the General Mis- 
sion Board sent out 23,910 pages of tracts. 

The Board is glad to report the following dona- 
tions for the month of November: 


Ohio— $155.26. 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Deshler, $15; Lick Creek, $8, $ 23 00 


Daniel Bock, $15; N. I. Cool (marriage 

notice) , 50 cents, 15 50 

Northeastern District, Congregations. 

Black River, $7.30; Burbank, $30; 

Chippewa, $6.65, 43 95 


John and Dorothy Strausbaugh, $10.50; 
Simeon Longanecker, $10; Oma Karn, 
Covington, $1.00; Mrs. Clara A. Hollo- 
way, $1; Maria Zellner, 90 cents; Ethel 
Hauenstein, 10 cents; A brother, Sugar 

Creek, $2, 25 50 

Southern District. 

Congregation, Brookville, 8 00 


Donnels Creek, 21 31 


Luther Petry, $10; J. R. and Maggie 
B. Halladay, $5; Minnie Chalfant, $1; 
B. J. Ashmore, $1.00; A sister, $1.00, ... 18 00 
Indiana — $138.93. 
Northern District, Congregations. 

Goshen City, $33.48; North Liberty, 

$5.70, 39.18 


S. B. Reppert and wife, $25; Mrs. 

Lewis Kleitz, $1.25, 26 25 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Salamonie, $40.47; Manchester, $8.43, 48 90 

Mollie Toney, Upper Deer Creek, $1; 
Mary Kitchel, Upper Deer Creek, $5; W. 
H. Ridenour, Upper Deer Creek, $1; A 

brother, Roann, $4.20, 1120 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Mrs. David Miller, New Hope, $3; Cur- 
tis Harris, $2.60; Clarence Harris, $2.60; 
Cora D. Harris, $2.60; Quinter Harris, 

$2.60, 13 40 

Pennsylvania — $134.88. 

Western District, Congregations. 

Husband-Middle Creek, $4.55; Scull- 

ton-Middle Creek, $1.98 6 53 


Middle Creek 2 50 


Mary A. Townsend, $1.10; Annie M. 

Garber, $1; Anna B. Osterwise, $1, 3 10 

Middle District, Aid Society. 

Leamersville Junior, 5 00 


Edward Harden and wife, $4; Cath- 
arine Wright, $2; Thomas Harden and 

family, $1; An individual, 25 cents, 7 25 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

Lizzie B. Heisey, $1; Lizzie Denham, 

$1 2 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Mattie F. Hollinger, $2; Mrs. Geo. W. 
Ditmer, $1; C. G. Winey (marriage no- 
tice), 50 cents; A brother, Waynesboro, 

$100; A sister, Ridge, $5, 108 50 

Kansas — $106.43. 
Northwestern District. 

Roy A. Crist (marriage notice), 50 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Appanoose, $ 


J. A. Sheets and wife, $70; W. W. 
Peebler, $3; Phoebe McGaffey, $1; Mrs. 
W. H. Entrikin, $1; J. F. Hantz, $1; J. 
A. Root (marriage notice), 50 cents; O. 
R. McCune (marriage notice), 50 cents; 
J. F. Hantz (marriage notice), 50 cents; 
C. B. Smith (marriage notice), 50 


SouthAvestern District, Individual. 

Mrs. A. L. Walker, 

Southeastern District. 

A sister 

North Dakota,— $70.27. 


Cando, $48.77; Egeland, $6, 


A brother and sister, $15; Isaac Miller 
(marriage notice) , 50 cents, 

Illinois— $62.00. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Collin Puterbaugh, $5; Lura B. Pit- 
tenger, $2; M. W. Emmert (marriage no- 
tice), 50 cents; A sister, Yellow Creek, 

$25 ; A sister, $2 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Henry Werner, $25; Mary Hester, $1; 
Lizzie Gergen, $1; Jacob Wine (marriage 
notice) , 50 cents, 

Maryland — $55.50. 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

. West Brownsville, 

Eastern District, Sunday-school. 

Union Bridge, Pipe Creek, 


Wm. E. Gosnell and wife, $10; W. B. 
Buntain (marriage notice), 50 cents; A 
sister, $20, 

Canada — $48.10. 

Western District, Individuals. 

D. H. P. and Bessie Reesor, $25; J. 
W. Priser and wife, $10; Mr. and Mrs. 
J. I. Clark, $5 ; Wm. and Dora Ardinger, 

$5; Louisa Shaw, $3.10, 

Idaho — $46.00. 



Mrs. A. R. Fike, $20; T. H. Beckwith, 
$10; John W. Rodabaugh, $5; Brother 
Stookey, $5; A. K. Tearout, $1 

Iowa — $39.45. 

Middle District. 

Sisters' Bible Class, Dallas Center,.. 
Southern District, Individual. 

Elizabeth Gable, 

Washington — $29.45. 


Forest Center, Springdale, $3.25; Ta- 

coma, $3.20 ; Deer Park, $2.35, 


A. N. Huffman, $10.50; D. E. Fox, 


Nebraska — $22.70. 



Levi Hoffert, $3; Wm. McGaffey, $2,.. 
Virginia— $17.00. 
First District, Individual. 

Martha A. Riner, W. Virginia, 

Second District. 


Northern District, Individual. 

Lydia F. Whisler 


The Missionary Visitor 


Colorado — $16.30. 

Western District, Congregation. 

First Grand Valley $ 10 30 

Southeastern District, Individuals. 

Delia Moore and Mary E. Haney, ... 6 00 

Michigan— $12.00. 


Mr. and Mrs. E. B. Leffell, $10: Jos. W. 
Smith, $1; Mrs. Alex. Burrell, Chippewa 

Creek, $1, 12 00 

Missouri— $12.00. 

Middle District, Individuals. 

John M. Mohler, $10; John Haughen- 
dougler (marriage notice), 50 cents, .. 10 50 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Mary J. Mays, $1 ; Mrs. N. B. Shellen- 
berger, 50 cents, 1 50 

Wisconsin — $11.00. 

Ash Ridge, 11 00 

Oregon — $9.60. 


Newberg, 7 60 


A. E. Troyer and wife 2 00 

California — $4.80. 

Southern District, Christian Workers. 

Santa Ana, 2 80 


I. G. Cripe, $1; Magdalena Moyers, 
51 2 00 

South Dakota— $4.50. 

Mrs. J. G. Hazlett, 4 50 

Montana— $4.00. 


Mrs. R. D. Clark, $3.50; J. S. Geiser 
(marriage notice), 50 cents, 4 00 

Minnesota— $2.90. 
Deer Park, 2 90 

West Virginia— $2.00. 

First District, Individuals. 
Geo. T. and K. E. Leatherman, 2 00 

Tennessee— $2.00. 

Mrs. M. M. Fine, $1; Mary Loyd, $1, 2 00 

Massachusetts — $1.00. v 

Irvin S. Hoffer, 1 00 

New Jersey — $1.00. 

A sister, 1 00 

Unknown— $1.00. 1.00 

Total for the month, $ 1.010 07 

Previously received, 30.23? 62 

For the year so far, $31,242 69 


Washington — $40.00. 

Thurman Suttle and wife, $ 40 00 

Idaho— $8.70. 


Winchester, 8 70 

Missouri— $8.00. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

North Bethel, 8 00 

Illinois— $5.00. 

Southern District. 
A sister, Hurricane Creek, 5 00 

California— $1.80. 

Northern District, Congregation. 
Chico 1 80 

Ohio— $1.30. 

Northeastern District, Individual. 
Morris Weisel, $ 1 30 

Total for the month, $ 64 80 

Previously received, 575 42 

For the year so far, $ 640 22 


Ohio— $60.00. 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Canton City, $ 20 00 


Mrs. R. J. Mishler 20 00 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

New Carlisle 10 00 

Christian Workers. 

New Carlisle, 10 00 

California — $20.00. 

Southern District, Congregation. 

South Los Angeles, 20 00 

Illinois— $17.00. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

Franklin Grove, 16 00 


Galen Clair, 1 00 

Kansas — $16.00. 

Southwestern District, Christian Workers. 

Darned City, 15 00 


Mrs. Geo. Blondefield, 100 

Washingto n — $10.00. 

Thurman Suttle and wife 10 00 

Pennsylvania — $5.52. 

Eastern District, Christian Workers. 

Ridgely, 5 52 

Maryland — $3.05. 

Middle District, Christian Workers. 
Manor, 3 05 

Indiana — $2.00. 

Middle District, Christian Workers. 
Ogans Creek, 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 133 57 

Previously received, 1,663 12 

For the year so far, 1,796 69 


Virginia— $75.00. 

Northern District. 
Willing Workers* Class, Mill Creek,... $ 50 00 
Aid Society, West Mill Creek, 25 00 

Washington— $67.02. 


Olympia. $14.47: Graham, $1.79; We- 
natchee City, $3.37; Wenatchee. $13.69; 
Forest Center. Springdale, $4.60; Spo- 
kane, $4.35; Tekoa. $18.75; Omak, 90 
cents ; Loomis, $5.10 67 02 

Idaho — $9.00. 
Clear Water, 9 00 

Illinois— $7.00. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 
Douglas Park, Chicago $ 7 00 

Total for the month, $ 158 02 

Previously received, 809 49 

For the year so far, $ 967 51 


Iowa — $36.41. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 
Greene $ 6 41 


The Missionary Visitor 


Middle District, Individual. 

A brother, $ 25 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

Elizabeth Gable, 5 00 

Illinois— $7.50. 

Northern District. Sunday-School. 
Bethel, Naperville, 7 50 

Indiana — $5.25. 

Middle District, Christian Workers. 
Ogans Creek, 5 25 

Total for the month, $ 49 16 

Previously received, 271 73 

For the year so far, $ 320 89 


Missouri— $2.00. 

Southern District. 
A Sister, $ 2 00 

Total for the month $ 2 00 

Previously received 14 10 

For the year so far, 16 10 

vali churchhotjse, india. 

Iowa — $5.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 
Elizabeth Gable, $ 5 00 

Total for the month $ 5 00 

Previously received, 80 40 

For the year so far, $ 85 40 


Ohio— $49.65. 

Northwestern District, Aid Society. 

South Poplar Ridge, $ 17 65 

Northeastern District, Aid Society. 

New Philadelphia, 2 00 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Poplar Grove, 30 00 

Montana— -$25.00. 
Aid Society. 
Grand View, 25 00 

Pennsylvania — $25.00. 

Western District, Aid Society. 

Red Bank, 5 00 

Middle Dist., Aid Societies. 

Spring Run, $15 ; Everett, $5, 20 00 

California — $20.00. 

Southern District, Aid Societies. 
Covina, $15 ; Pasadena, $5 20 00 

Maryland — $15.00. 

Middle District, Aid Societies. 

Manor, $10 ; Hagerstown, $5, 15 00 

Illinois— $13.50. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

Lanark, 12 50 


Ida M. Myers, 1 00 

Oregon — $10.00. 
Aid Society. 

Mohawk Valley, 10 00 

Minnesota — $10.00. 
Aid Society. 

Worthington, 10. 00 

Virginia— $10.00. 

Second District, Congregation. 

Barren Ridge, 10 00 

Indiana — $10.00. 
Southern District. 

A sister, 10 00 

Kansas — $5.00. 

Southwestern District, Aid Society. 

East Wichita, : 5 00 

Missouri — $1.00. 

Southern District. 
A sister, $ 100 

Total for the month, $ 194 15 

Previously received, 739 04 

For the year so far, $ 933 19 

K ansas — $24.56. 

Northwestern District. 

Quinter Sunday School Class $ 5 50 

Southwestern District, Congregation. 

Peabody, 13 40 

Southeastern District, Congregation. 

Independence, 5 66 

Washington — $15.00. 

Thurman Suttle and wife, 15 00 

Missouri — $8.00. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 
North Bethel, 8 00 

Iowa — $5.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 
Elizabeth Gable 5 00 

Indiana — $3.25. 

Northern District. 

Bethany Sunday-school and Christian 
Workers, 3 25 

T ennes see— $0.50. 

M. A. Emmert 50 

Illinois— $0.30. 

Southern District. 
Alice Rohrer, 30 

Total for the month, $ 56 61 

Previously received 1,186 18 

For the year so far, $ 1,242 79 


Kansas — $45.75. 

Northwestern District, Individual. 

W. W. Jamison $ 5 75 

Northeastern Dist., Sunday-school. 

Rock Creek 10 00 

Christian Workers. 

Chapman Creek 8 00 

Southwestern District, Individual. 

Mrs. E. Adamson, 22 00 

Indiana — $37.76. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Elkhart City, 3 75 

Christian Workers. 

Nappanee, $3.26 ; Middlebury, $2.75, ... 6 01 

Middle District, Christian Workers. 

Ogans Creek 1 40 

Southern District, Christian Workers. 

Locust Grove-Nettle Creek, 4 60 


A. C. and Kittie Metzger, 22 00 

Montana — $22.00. 

Aid Society. 
Grand View, 22 00 

Iowa— $15.23. 

Middle District, Christian Workers. 

• Coon River, 10 23 

Southern District, Individual. 
Elizabeth Gable, 5 00 

Maryland — $15.00 

Middle District, Christian Workers. 
Manor, $8 ; Pleasant View, $7 15 00 

Pennsylvania — $12.01. 

Eastern District, Christian Workers. 

Harrisburg, 10 00 

Southern District, Christian Workers. 

Mechanicsburg, 2 01 


The Missionary Visitor 


Michigan — $11.00. 

Aid Society. 
Woodland $ H 00 

New Mexico— $10.00. 


Clovis, 10 03 

Washington — $10.00. 

Thurman Suttle and wife, 10 00 

Louisiana— $6.00. 

Christian Workers. 

Roanoke, 6 00 

Virginia— $3.77. 

Northern District, Christian Workers. 

Linville Creek 1 22 

Eastern District, Christian Workers. 

Oakton, 2 5o 

California— $3.35. 

Southern District, Christian Workers. 

Egan, 3 35 

Minnesota — $3.27. 

Minneapolis, 3 27 

Colorado — $3.25. 

Southeastern District, Christian Workers. 

Lamar, 3 25 

Missouri— $2.50. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Rockingham, 2 50 

Illinois— $1.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Galen Clair, 1 00 

Total for the month $ 201 89 

Previously received, 714 77 

For the year so far, $ 946 66 


California— $50.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

I. G. Cripe, $ 

Iowa— $36.41. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 


Middle District. 

A brother 

Southern District, Individual. 

Elizabeth Gable, 

Montana — $28.09. 


Illinois— $7.50. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Bethel, Naperville 

Pennsylvania — $5.00. 

Southern District, Christian Workers. 

Waynesboro, Antietam, 

South Dakota— $3.00. 

A friend 

Missouri — $2.00. 

A sister, 

Ohio— $1.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Harry McPherson, 

Indiana — $1.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 
Jas. A. Byer 

Total for the month, $ 

Previously received , 

50 00 

6 41 
25 00 

5 00 

28 09 

7 50 

5 00 
3 00 
2 00 

1 00 

1 00 

134 00 
385 87 

For the year so far, $ 519 87 


Pennsylvania — $3.15. • 

Middle District. 
Unknown, $ 3 15 

Total for the month, $ 3 15 

Previously received, 96 65 

For the year so far, $ 99 80 


Indiana — $5.00. 

Middle District: 
Manchester Girls' Junior Band $ 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 5 00 

Previously received 105 70 

For the year so far, $ 110 70 


Indiana — $552.50. 

Middle District, Individuals. 

J. L. and Ida Cunningham, $25; Jesse 
Johnson. $1; E. F. Wagoner, $10; Ida 
Sink, $20; C. F. Sink, $10; O. P. Cling- 
enpeel, $20; Mrs. O. P. Clingenpeel, $5; 
Sarah Myer, $1; Clyde Sink, $1; Date 
Witter, $5; Chas. and Mary Mosier, $20; 
Ross Mver, $1; Edna Allbaugh, $2; Riley 
Flora, $10; David Sink and wife. $8; 
William Douglas, $10; Fred Myer, $7.50; 
Wilbur Richardson, $5; Charles E. Mver, 
$5; Clarence Wolf, $2; O. A. Witter, $5; 
A sister, $10; Martha Welty, $3; Bernice 
Snavelv, $1; Dale Snavelv, $3; Vesta 
Mver, $7.50; Alta Myer. $6; Sam Welty, 
$10; Sam Musselman, $10; W. H. Denton, 
$1 ; Mary Replogle, $1 ; Irvin J. Brim, 
$5; John G. Trent, $5; Wm. H. Metzger, 
$15; Elmer C. Metzger, $7.50; Francis 
Metzger, $1; O. L. Housenfluck, $24; 
Elva Replogle, $1; Wm. Eckerle, $25; 
Nellie Bechtelheimer, $3; David Bower, 
$5; Mary J. Smith, $4; Emma Eiken- 
berry, $2; David Eikenberry, $5; W. H. 
Eikenberrv, $13; Elizabeth Eikenberry, 
$3; Charles A. Tritle. $20: Master Paul 
Tritle, $2; I. M. Wheeler, $5; Flora Brim, 
$5; Fannie Myer, $5; Sarah E. Myer, $5; 
Charles E. Stouse, $2; Wm. H. Burns, 
$7; I. C. Shagley, $5; Mary Overholser. 
$3 ; Marv Stinehouse, $1 ; Frank Myer, 

$2 ; A. W. Eikenberry, $20 426 50 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Elizabeth Hooker, $1; Frank and Alta 
Smeltzer. $4; Elizabeth Wagoner, $10; 
Minnie Wagoner, $1; Uda Wagoner. $1; 
Mrs. Henrv Reppert. $1 ; Susan Ulrey, 
$9; Harrv F. Ulrey, $1; Fred Replogle, 
$2; W. H. Replogle, $1; Albert Ulrey, 
$25; Cassie Walker, $1; Solomon Ul- 
rey, $30; Andrew Wagoner and wife, 
$21; Herman Leibert, $5; Dora Murphy, 
$2; Allen Wagoner and wife, $10; John 
W. Root, $1 126 00 

Total for the month, $ 552 50 

Previously received, 608 38 

For the year so far, $ 1,160 83 

Oklahoma — $5.00. 


J.E.Lehman $ " 5 00 

Illinois— $4.70. 

Northern District. Sunday-school. 
Douglas Park, Chicago, 4 70 

Total for the month $ 9 70 

Previously received, 21 00 

For the year so far, $ 30 70 


The Missionary Visitor 


Ohio — $1.00. 
Southern District. 
Isabel McPherson, $ 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 1 00 

Previously received, 20 00 

For the year so far, $ 21 00 

Pennsylvania — $8.00. 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Mary A. Kinsey, $5; An individual, 

$3 , 8 00 

Iowa — $1.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

F. H. Heilman, 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 9 00 

Previously received, 641 29 

For the year so far, $ 650 29 


Pennsylvania— $435.74. 

Western District, Sunday-school. 

Rummel, .$ 10 30 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Huntingdon, $130.58; Bverettt, $17.64; 
Replogle- Woodbury, $15.08; Curry- 
Woodbury, $12.06, 175 36 


Replogle- Woodbury , 6 86 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

White Oak, $64.52; Spring Creek, $44.- 
31; West Conestoga, $36.50; West Green 

Tree, $22; Conewago, $20.35 187 68 


Skippack, $17.71; Mingo, $16.25; Fair- 
view, Spring Creek, $1.16; Spring Creek, 

$4.75, 39 87 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Back Creek 14 67 


Mattie F. Hollinger, 1 00 

Illinois— $285.09. 

Northern District, Congregation's. 

Bethany-Chicago, $253.84; Mt. Morris, 

$8.96 262 80 


Mt. Morris 17 29 


Elizabeth Gnagy, 5 00 

California. — $115.78. 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Pasadena, 115 78 

Kansas — $66.09. 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Quinter, 35 50 

Northeastern District. 

Kansas City, Central Avenue Congre- 
gation and Sunday-school, 20 00 

Southeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Grenola, 2 20 


D. W. Shideler 8 39 

Ohio— $35.23. 

Northwestern District, Sunday-school. 

Sugar Grove, 7 03 

Aid Society, Greenspring, 10 00 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school. 

East Nimishillen, 17 20 

Southern District, Individual. 

Katie Beath, 1 00 

Wisconsin— $11.00. 

Ash Ridge 11 00 

Iowa — $9.60. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Curlew 8 60 

Southern District, Individual. 

F. H. Heilman, 1 00 

Minnesota — $8.90. 


Hines Union, 


P. L. Page, 

New Mexico — $4.65. 


Michigan— $2.65. 


North Dakota — $2.00. 

Pleasant Hill, 


5 00 
3 90 

4 65 

2 65 

2 00 

Total for the month, 
Previously received, 

976 73 
265 07 

For the year so far, $ 1,241 80 


(Continued from Page 19.) 
could not tell which was Natli in the long or { 
short row of girls as they lined off to Sun- 

In July she passed the oral examination) 
of the all-India Sunday-school Union,! 
though not with high marks, yet she got a 
pass and is still on the mend. You may 
hear more from this girl as the weeks and 
years go by. Let us hope she may become 
a good worker for the Lord. 

Sadie J. Miller. 


For the encouragement of both teacher 
and pupil, and for the training of both pu- 
pil and examiner, the missionary when vis- 
iting village schools " takes " an examina- | 
tion, or " does " an inspection. A child in 
the third reader will read half a page, se- 
lected at random, at express-train speed. 
He is halted, asked to close his book and 
tell what he read. After coughing a bit, 
shifting from one foot to the other, he folds 
his arms tightly, his elbows protruding 
through his ragged sleeves in the direction j 
of his examiner. Then beginning with the! 
first word he proceeds at even greater speed ] 
to repeat the whole of the lesson verbatim. | 
That is the way he has been taught, and thel 
teacher is surprised that the examiner could j 
wish for something short of that. In an- 
other school a boy old enough to be half- } 
way through high school was reading in the! 
primer. He did fairly well, pointing to thel 
lines as he read. Observation, however, re- 
vealed the fact that he was reading about 
one and one-half lines ahead of his index <. 
finger. Q. A. Holsopple. 



D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Life Ad- GALEN B. ROTER, Elgin, 111. 

visory Member. OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind. 

H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa. 
J. J. TODER, McPherson, Kans. 


H. C. EARLY, President. J. H. B. WILLIAMS, Ass't Secretary, and 

OTHO WINGER, Vice President. Editor of Missionary Visitor. 

GALEN B. ROYER, Secretary-Treasurer. 



Wine, A. F., Aagade 26, 2 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 

Wine, Attie C, Aagade 26, 2 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 


Buckingham, Ida, Friisgatan No. 2, Malm5, Sweden 

Graybill, J. F., Friisgatan No. 2, Malm5, Sweden 

Graybill, Alice M., Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo\ Sweden 


Blough, Anna V., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Bright, J. Homer Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Bright, Minnie, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Cora M., Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Crumpacker, F. H. (on furlough), McPherson, Kans. 

Crumpacker, Anna N. (on furlough) McPherson, Kans. 

Cripe, Winnie, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Flory, Raymond C Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Flory, Lizzie N., Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Horning, Emma, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Hutchison, Anna Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Metzger, Minerva, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Oberholtzer, I. E., North China Language School, Peking, Chili, China 

Oberholtzer, Elizabeth W., North China Language School, Peking, Chili, China 

Rider, Bessie M., North China Language School, Peking, £hili, China 

Senger, Nettie M., North China Language School. Peking, Chili, China 

Shock, Laura M., Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Vaniman, Ernest D Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Vaniman, Susie C, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Rebecca S Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 


Arnold, S. Ira, Post, Umalla, via Anklesvar, India 

Arnold, Elizabeth, Post, Umalla, via Anklesvar, India 

Blough, J. M Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Blough, Anna Z., Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Ebey, Adam (on furlough) North Manchester, Indiana 

'Ebey, Alice K. (on furlough) North Manchester, Indiana 

Emmert, Jesse B Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Emmert, Gertrude R., Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Eby, Anna M., Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Garner, H. P., Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Garner, Kathryn B., Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida (on furlough), McPherson Hospital, McPherson, Kansas 

Hoffert, A, T Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Holsopple, Q. A Post, Umalla, via Anklesvar, India 

Holsopple, Kathren R. (on furlough) Elgin 111 

Kaylor, John I Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Kaylor, Rosa Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Lichty, Daniel J., Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Lichty, Nora A., Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Long, I. S., Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Long, Effie V., Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Miller, Eliza B. (on furlough) Care General Mission Board, Elgin 111 

Miller, Sadie J Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Mohler, Jennie, .... Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Nickey, Dr Barbara M., Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Pittenger, J. M., Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Pittenger Florence B Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Powell, Josephine, Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Royer B. Mary, Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

5°!!' A f M a w Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Ross, Mrs. A. W Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Shumaker, Ida C Bulsar, Surat Dist.! India 

Stover, JV . B. Anklesvar, India 

Stover, Mary E., Anklesvar, India 

Swartz, Goldie, Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Wuldowson S. Olive Anklesvar, India 

Ziegler, Kathryn Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Pleaee Notice— Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce er fractlaa 
thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. ^^ 
























2 - 









THESE are days of much' 
speculation. Expensive living, 
things once thot luxuries now being! 

counted necessities add to the strain of "break- 
ing even" at the end of the year. This strain 
prompts many to take hold of enterprises 
which promise large returns, but which in re- 
ality offer no real security. For a short time; 
they receive a good income, then SUDDENLY' 
AWAKEN to the fact that the concern enJ 
trusted with their savings has failed and thed 
have lost all. All over the Brotherhood are| 
widows who trusted just such investments and 
today are dependents: there are brethren old 
and unable to produce, who, having lost all, 
must live off the charities of the Church. Nowj 
THOSE THUS TRUSTED were by no means! 
dishonest, nor did they intend to fail. But is ijj 
not wise to know thoroughly the character of 
the enterprise and not depend simply upoi^ 
the " honesty," and " good intentions " of those 
who are to manage our investments? 

Before letting YOUR money go it 

is best to ask What is There Behind 

the Project? 

The General Mission Board under its Annuity Plan has provided : 

3. That you have avoided contesting wills, 
paying heavy inheritance tax. 

4. That your money works for the Lord* 
after you have received your reward. 

ft* That you get a good income during 
CD your life time. 

2. That you have made distribution of 
your property according to your wishes " 
and know it is done that way. 

Behind this whole proposition, --or the bond given you, --is 


as guarantee, and this sum is safely invested in first mortgages on farm lands alone. 

Hundreds who have taken bonds are pleased,- -not one dissatisfied. Can anything be safer, 
better ? 

The Board is glad to give full and free information. Address 


General Mission Board 


Messages from Oklahoma 

Bible Normal, Cordell, Oklahoma. 

December 24-30, 1916. 

Our Brethren in Oklahoma believe that the Bible is at the basis of all true Christian 
culture and growth. Accordingly, as a District they gather annually for such a Normal 
as that which recently closed at Cordell. 

The Missionary Visitor 




The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to the 
General Board, either direct or thru any congregational collection, provided the 
dollar or more is given by one individual and in no way combined with another's 
gift. Different members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and extra 
subscriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will 
be interested in reading the Visitor. 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscrip- 
tion for every dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of one dollar or 
more, no matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting 
the Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor 
will be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries including Canada. 
Subscriptions discontinued at expiration of time. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. 
When asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please order paper 
each year if possible under 'same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 
Entered as second class matter at the postoffice at Elgin, Illinois. 

Contents for February, 1917 



Introduction, 36 

Brief History of Work for Four Years, By J. H. Morris 37 

New Organizations in the Last Four Years, 38 

Oklahoma Tithers, By Elsie K. Sanger, 41 

Bible Normal Work in Oklahoma, By Charity S. Holsinger, 44 

The Sunday-school Work of Oklahoma, By Birdie R. Morris, 45 

The Outlook of the Texas Panhandle Country, By C. D. Fager, 46 

The Child-saving Mission of Oklahoma, 48 

Needs of Oklahoma, By W. P. Bosserman, 50 

China Notes for November, By Winnie E. Cripe, 51 

The Oldest Insurance Company, 52 

Dedication of Our New Mission House, By A. F. Wine, 53 

Invalid Transport, By J. F. Graybill, 54 

Helpful Thoughts from a Student Volunteer Convention, By Ruth 

Royer, 56 

Weekly Prayer Hour, By Roy Frantz ( 58 




I » » ■ M. ■■ ■ ■ ■ TT~ ~~ -— — — -— — —- - — — — -- — - — — — -f 

The Missionary Visitor 

Volume XIX 


Number 2 


In twenty-two months Mr. Geo. T. B. 
Davis, International Secretary of the Pocket 
Testament League, who is working among 
the soldiers in the trenches, has secured 
60,000 signatures to the league pledge, and 
has led 36,000 of these men publicly to con- 
fess Jesus Christ as their personal Savior. 

While the number of male missionaries 
of British societies has naturally fallen off 
during the war, it is interesting to note from 
statistics compiled that the adults baptized 
by these societies have increased during the 
past year from 42,966 to 48,580, or more 
than ten per cent. 

The total foreign mission receipts, as re- 
ported to the Missionary Review of the 
World, for the past year, from 130 societies 
in the United States, were $24,688,728. This 
is a considerable advance over last year. 

A sister in Pennsylvania, after carefully 
inquiring and reading of the China mission 
work and corresponding with missionaries 
in that land, recently has sent to us $2,500 
to be used for the erection of a Girls' School 
Building at Liao Chou. Inasmuch as this 
building will not be erected for a couple of 
years the money is being placed on interest 
until that time. Surely the Lord is remem- 
bering the needs of our missions in many 
wonderful ways. 

While we rejoice in the fact that the sa- 
loon is being banished from a large portion 
of our country, yet it is sufficient stimulus 
to us to keep up the fight when we learn 
that the drink bill of the country for last 
year was enough to cover the entire national 
budget for two years, with a surplus larger 
than the great military and naval appropri- 
ation of the preparedness program. 

A few years ago missionaries in China 
had to seek refuge in official quarters from 
the mobs who were intent on doing them 
harm. In recent disturbances Chinese of- 
ficials sent their families to missionary com- 
pounds for safety. 

The response to the General Mission 
Board's appeal to our Sisters' Aid Societies 
for funds to erect the Mary Quinter Memo- 
rial Hospital has been most gratifying, so 
far as the societies reporting are concerned. 
The number, however, who have reported 
is small compared to the societies in the 
church. We hope that many others have 
taken some action on this matter and that 
they may be heard from shortly. 

Most gratifying to us has been the splen- 
did response of the young people of our 
church to mission study during the past 
year. We are safe in saying that it has 
been by far the most successful year in our 
history in this regard. Not only have there 
been more classes and larger enrollments, 
but the spirit of the study, as gathered from 
reports, correspondence and records, shows 
that the study has taken firm hold upon the 
hearts and lives of many. 

What are we doing with the prosperity 
which has come to us in such full measure 
through this war in Europe? — high prices 
for our products and our labor, and splendid 
markets for everything that we can grow. 
Do we, when figuring up our incomes, in- 
clude the claims of our Lord Jesus upon our 
purse? Prosperity oftentimes begets for- 
getfulness of God. Let us insist, as pas- 
tors and as individuals, that the claims of 
God come in for a chief share in our un- 
usually large profits. 

How the innocent ones must suffer be- 
cause of this war! Recently there has come 


The Missionary Visitor 


•to our desk, in behalf of some of these suf- 
ferers, an appeal, word pictures of which 
beggar description and start the tears to 
flow from sympathetic eyes. We quote the 
following paragraphs from the appeal: 

" Fourteen million Poles, including all the 
children under seven years of age, have al- 
ready been wiped out of existence. Five 
hundred thousand young Polish girls have 
had their lives shattered by the greatest 
tragedy that can come to a woman. More 
than two hundred towns have completely 
disappeared, 20,500 villages have been lev- 
eled to the ground; 1,600 churches are in 
ruins. The loss in property destroyed ex- 
ceeds $11,000,000,000. The whole country 
is but a vast cemetery. Money reaches 
Poland without delay b}' way of Switzer- 
land. The embargo concerns only foodstuffs 
and raw materials." 

Our Board gladly will forward any money 
that comes to us for the suffering peoples 
of any of these war-stricken lands. 

The pension fund for the ministry of the 
American Presbyterian Church now stands 
at $5,350,000. It is planned that the yearly 
pension shall be $500 to superannuated and 
disabled ministers and $300 to the widows 
of ministers. This suggests to us that it 
would not be out of harmony with our de- 
sires to create large endowment funds for 
missions, to remember the Ministerial and 
Missionary Relief Fund of our own church. 

We sometimes talk of the " poor heathen." 
And true it is that there is a dreadful pov- 
erty of spiritual things in their lives. But 
why are they poor? Did not the Father 
send His Son to reveal to all mankind their 
right to sonship and the heavenly inheri- 

To be sure, our Savior revealed to us our 
right to the inheritance. He told Peter and 
James and John and the rest, and they re- 
vealed the Great Secret until it has reached 
us. He has told us to divide the inheritance 
with others. And then we decide to divide 
it in such measure as we choose. If your 
own father died and left an estate, and your 
brother happened to live over in another 
State, would you feel it your privilege to 
pay him his share at such times as you 

Grossly unfair to take advantage of you 
in such fashion, one might think, but the 
same obligation rests upon us to tell our 
brethren throughout the world of the home- 
stead, with its many mansions, which has 
been prepared for us. 

Before these lines reach our readers 
Sister Eliza B. Miller will have sailed from 
Vancouver, B. C., and be well on her way 
to India. Sister Eliza has been patiently 
waiting to start, but not until recently was 
the Board able to secure permission from 
the British Government for her to land in 

We learn that Sister Ida C. Shumaker 
plans to sail from India in February for her 
furlough in this country. Sisters Winnie 
E. Cripe and Minerva Metzger will likely 
leave China in April for their furlough. 
We are thus promised the fellowship of 
these sisters with us in America during 1917. 
They will reach home some time before the 
Wichita Conference. 

Considerable space in this issue of the 
Visitor is devoted to work in the Oklahoma 
State District. Much of the credit for this 
must be given to Bro. J. H.' Morris, who has 
assembled the material and forwarded it to 
us. The need of Oklahoma, as is revealed 
in a number of these articles, is for leaders 
to assist in the work. Oh, for more con- 
secrated leaders in churches throughout the 
Brotherhood! The following editorials 
should be credited to Bro. Morris. 

" You had better not go there to visit, be- 
cause Mrs. doesn't have any use for 

preachers. She may turn you away." This 
was said by a well-meaning woman in a cer- 
tain community, of one of her neighbors. 
We made a call, were invited back, went a 
few times, talked to husband and wife, and 
baptized both before the meeting closed. 
They ordered a Bible to use in their home. 

A number of men and boys in a certain 
community used to gather at a bachelors' 
headquarters and play cards for a part or 
whole of the night. They were impressed 
during a meeting, and one broke from the v 
company and accepted Christ. Since that 




The Missionary Visitor 


time he has been chosen for Sunday-school 
superintendent several times and his word 
is accepted in every home in that commu- 
nity at its face value. He is a prosperous 
farmer. One of his companions in card 
playing has sold his farm and has very little, 
seemingly, of this world's goods. He has a 
red nose. I do not say that the whole dif- 
ference lay in church work, but it is very no- 
ticeable, at least, to any one who knew 
them both four years ago. 

" I used to gamble and drink. I was rot- 
ten; that is all." These words were uttered 
by a man who was having family worship 
and helping his children to get Bible study 
books and assisting in Sunday-school. He 
was aiding in prayer and superintending 
Sunday-school as an assistant in a union 
school. He was quite changed. 

" I never saw such a change in a person 
as there is in Gertie since she has been con- 
verted." This was the expression of a 
mother whose married daughter and her 
husband were converted. The rest of the 
people look upon them in a similar way. 

" Got Along Better When Tithing " 

We began tithing when we were first mar- 
ried, but after having been called to the 
ministry we gave so much time to the work 
we felt we were excused from tithing. But 
we took it up again four years ago, real- 
izing we had made a big mistake to drop it 
at all. We have always gotten along better 
when tithing than otherwise. 


WE feel sure that in the " Bible Les- 
sons and Foundation Truths " that 
recently have appeared under the 
above caption, from the pen of Bro. A. C. 
Wieand, with his corps of helpers, the many 
people in our church who have been look- 
ing forward to a series of graded lessons 
for primary pupils will find their desire sat- 

Bro. Wieand, through our Brethren Pub- 
lishing House and Sunday-school depart- 
ment, has issued lessons for beginners in the 
Sunday-school of the ages of four and six. 
I{ has been his hope that our schools would 

begin the lessons with this present quarter. 
The lessons of the first quarter are designed 
to teach the Fatherhood of God; of the* 
second quarter, God the Creator, and the 
origin of sin; of the third quarter, God our 
Provider, Teacher and Friend; of the fourth 
quarter, God our Protector and Redeemer. 
The Handbook, or Quarterly, for the les- 
sons of the first quarter, has been issued. 
Careful examination of this production re- 
veals that only after a great deal of study 
and planning have these lessons been un- 
dertaken and offered to the public. Extreme 
care has been exercised in the material pre- 

Should we attempt to analyze the treat- 
ment accorded each lesson we would re- 
quire considerable time and space, but we 
discover that the material is divided as fol- 
lows: Suggestions on How to Teach the 
Lesson, Introduction, Main Discussion, The 
Lesson Story, Conclusion, Home Assign- 
ment and Notes for Parents, Suggestions to 
Teachers on How to Study the Lesson, be- 
sides many original suggestions on supple- 
mentary work and equipment, such as sand 
tables, songs, paper cutting and pasting, 
and Suggestions for Inductive Study. We 
mention these things to show in what detail 
the lessons are presented. This, apparently, - 
is done with the purpose in mind of placing 
the lessons on such a plane that any teacher, 
with a heart full of love and interest, may 
follow the simple directions and suggestions 
given and use the lessons with much profit 
to her class of little ones. The great ob- 
jection to graded lessons has been the fear 
of difficulty in preparing to teach them. 
This has been foreseen by the author and 
provisions have been made to remove such 
obstacles. Of course, as the author states, 
these lessons can be made most effective 
only when .parents in the home teaching co- 
operate with the Sunday-school teacher. 

We hope that these lessons may be or- 
dered by our Sunday-schools over the Broth- 
erhood. The Quarterly for the present 
quarter contains 100 pages, stitched in heavy 
paper cover. Price, per quarter, single copy, 
25 cents; five or more copies to one address, 
20 cents each. When one considers that the 
same quarterlies can be used year after year 
in the school, the first cost can not seem ex- 


The Missionary Visitor 


New Churchhouse, Antelope Valley Congregation, Oklahoma. 


A few years ago Oklahoma was thought 
of as a far-western prairie, with Indians and 
cowboys. The only thing that most papers 
recorded of it was some uprising or some 
sectional cyclone. Of course, there have 
been uprisings and cyclones and winds, but 
where is the State that doesn't have such or 
similar drawbacks? How about some States 
with their cold, freezing weather, their 
floods, their lynchings, etc.? It isn't alto- 
gether fair to judge any State by its ex- 
ceptional happenings or the freaks of some 
of its inhabitants. 

The State has been in the front in many 
papers for several years on account of its 
oil and gas. The oil and gas are there, too. 
New fields are being opened all the time. 
Besides the occasional, we want to study the 
daily and yearly happenings in its thousands 
of good homes; in its quiet country gather- 
ings; in its bustling city business houses. 
Look at the business prospects in Oklahoma 
City, Tulsa, McAlister, Muskogee, Cushing, 
Drumright, Guthrie, Blackwell, etc.; its 
chances for work in the oil fields, coal fields, 
or harvest fields; its chance for securing or 
renting a farm and establishing a home. 
Besides all these, the consecrated man or 

woman has a chance for work for the Mas- 
ter. Eighty per cent of Oklahoma's people 
make no profession of religion. There is 
work among the whites, colored and In- 
dians; there are opportunities in city and 
country; a place for evangelist, pastor, Sun- 
day-school teacher, deacon or lay member. 

After reading these pages, we think you 
will be convinced that there are people in 
Oklahoma who need a Savior, and many are 
willing to receive such an One. In order 
that they may have an opportunity the Dis- 
trict needs more consecrated workers. We 
are wondering whether you will be one who 
will come where the field is large, ripe and 
ready for the reaper. There are already 
several who are here for full or part work. 
Also, there are many consecrated workers 
who are laboring hard for their individual 
congregations. The Mission Board is made 
up of men who know some of the needs of 
the field and are striving to supply those 
needs. They are giving their services free 
to the District. Our elders are (in most 
cases) laboring for the success of the work. 
There are a number of young ministers who 
are preparing themselves for future useful- 
ness. Besides all these we have consecrated 
deacons and lay members. Also, you would 


The Missionary Visitor 


l>e impressed with the consecrated devotion 
of many of our sisters. They are assigned 
work which requires time and energy, and 
ithey do it nobly. See the boards and com- 
mittees and notice the prominent part taken 
there by sisters. Year after year they are 
selected, showing the worth of such service. 

Clovis has a sister doing city mission work; 
the Temperance Committee has two sisters; 
the Child Saving Board one; the Sunday- 
school and Christian Workers' secretary is 
a sister; two teacher-training classes and 
one mission study class are conducted by 


J. H. Morris 


ANY changes have come in the last 
four years. Death has visited many 
sections and taken old and young; 
Christians and non-professors; workers and 
friends. When recalling the former helpers, 
we remember J. H. Cox, Rhoda Poyner, Ola 
Poyner, and others. Also, we recall Henry 
Movers and wife, Bro. (Grandpa) Root, Bro. 
Jacob Root, Sister Zook, Sister Williams, 
Sister Coover, Sister Silverthorn, Sister 
Murray, Sister Ennis and Sister Henricks. 
All about Cordell will remember the sad oc- 
currence of Bro. Early burning to death; 
also the young brother who died in the hos- 
pital; also the death of Clara Howell. Be- 
sides these there were many who never 
made any profession and were about to de- 
cide but put off the matter. Death claimed 
them before that time. 

Second, many changes have come through 
moving from place to place or from our 
State. Some congregations have diminished 
greatly in such ways. For example, Elk 
City, Monitor, and North Star, and now 
Aylesworth. Some others have been built 
up in similar ways. 

Third, many changes have come through 
many uniting with the church. It is notice- 
able in the Antelope Valley congregation, 
Hollow, May and Woodward. Cheyenne 
has been both added to and diminished in 
last four years. 

Fourth, many changes have come through 
the unfaithfulness of a few of the new con- 
verts. A few (too many, though) have 
failed to make good in their new field of 
labor. Some, because they have not taken 
hold of the work and through carelessness 

have grown cold and then returned to their 
old haunts of sin. With all these influences 
combining, the work has gone on and 
through God's help to the adding of num- 
bers to our force. The four years' history 
looks something like this: Sermons preached 
1,543; visits made, 2,291; tracts distributed, 
78,792 pages; received by restoration and 
baptism, 347; Bible classes taught, 138; Sun- 
day-schools organized, 11; Christian Work- 
ers' Meetings organized, 5; teacher-train- 
ing classes organized, 5; discussions held, 7; 
miles traveled, 11,415. In all this time the 
Lord has blessed us with health and 
strength. If any good has been done, it was 
the Lord's part, because we were crude in 
our ways; awkward in appearance; and un- 
learned in many methods of soul-winning. 

With all the changes in the District, the 
report of 1912 showed 982 members and in 
1916, 1,125. Since that time about seventy- 
five have been added, making now a mem- 
bership of 1,200. During the four years, 
meetings have been held by several minis- 
ters, besides the District workers: Bro. 
Brower, Bro. Wine, Bro. D. G. Brubaker, 
Bro. Holsinger, Bro. Root, Bro. Rosenber- 
ger, Bro. Deardorf, Bro. J. F. Appleman, and 
others. We have now in our work Bro. 
Fager, for the Panhandle of Texas, north 
of the Canadian River; Bro. Blair Hoover, 
for the work in and around Miami, Tex. 
Bro. D. G. Brubaker now has charge of the 
Elk City work. Besides these, Bro. H. B. 
Mohler and wife have done some effective 
service, and we hope it will be possible for 
them to remain with us. The District needs 
such workers. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Converts Baptized in the Antelope Valley Congregation, Oklahoma. 
By Bro. J. H. Morris. 



A few members moved irom western Ar- 
kansas to Marshall County, Oklahoma, hav- 
ing a desire to engage in religious work. 

They began a Sunday-school at Timbered 
Hill schoolhouse. In July, 1912, they called 
for meetings. During the meetings three 
united with the church. 

About the beginning of 1913 they were or- 
ganized into a church known as the Ayles- 
worth church. 

In July, 1913, another meeting was held, 
in which seven united with the church. A 
number moved in from other States. In the 
early part of 1916 a churchhouse was dedi- 

Many of the members have moved from 
Aylesworth, leaving very few there to have 
Sunday-school or preaching services. 

Since its organization the elders have been 
Josiah Lehman, J. R. Pitzer, M. M. Ennis. 


In September, 1912, a call was made for 
a meeting in the northern part of the Elk 
City congregation. This meeting resulted in 
fifteen accessions to the church. 

Being so far from Elk City they desired 

to be organized into a church. Eld J. R. 
Pitzer, with the assistance of Bro. N. I. 
Bowman, a deacon, effected an organization. 

Having no minister in this new congrega- 
tion, and many moving away, they were left 
almost without services or help in the Sun- 

Indian Creek 

Indian Creek church was organized about 
twenty years ago by Elders N. F. Brubaker 
and E. J. Smith. 

The church grew nicely for a short time; 
then the shepherd decided to go to other 
fields. So, without a minister, the work 
dropped back. Still a few remained. 

Later, Eld. W. P. Bosserman moved in, 
but he was twenty miles from the central 
location. He gave us occasional meetings. 
In the autumn of 1913 arrangements were 
made to build a small house of worship. 
During this time Eld. E. J. Smith moved in 
and settled only one and one-half miles from 
the church. Bro. Bosserman preached our 
dedicatory sermon. 

Since Bro. Smith came we have had 
preaching twice each Sunday and an ever- 
green Sunday-school and Christian Work- 
ers' meetings. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Our evangelist, Eld. J. H. Morris, has giv- 
en us two revivals and Bro. C. H. Brown 
one. About twenty-four have been received 
by baptism. 

In all we now have about fifty-five mem- 


The first member settling in this part was 
Bro. O. E. Loshbaugh, who arrived some 
twenty-eight years ago. He then was a 
member of the Altamont church, at Alta- 
mont, Kans. Twelve years ago his wife 
united with the Church at Altamont, and 
seven years later his son Ralph and daugh- 
ter Zady united with the same church. 

Five years ago, in November, Bro. Sells, 
of Fredonia, Kans., began a series of meet- 
ings in the Oak Grove schoolhouse, and as 
a result thirteen were baptized, all sending 
their names in and uniting with the church 
at Altamont. One year later Bro. Campbell, 
of Parsons, Kans., held another series of 
meetings at the Oak Grove schoolhouse. 

Sept. 14, 1912, the church was organized 
by Bro. Button, of Altoona, Kans., Bro. 
Campbell and Bro. Clark, of Parsons, Kans., 
with sixteen charter members. It was then 
known as the New Oak Grove church, 

Bro. Button preached once a month dur- 
ing 1913. In December, 1913, Bro. W. H. 
Miller, of Independence, Kans., held another 
series of meetings, and as a result six were 

Bro. Button was again elected elder in 
charge. He held a series of meetings in the 

fall of 1914 and was again placed in charge 
of the church for the year 1915. Six more 
united with the church during this year. 

During August and September a new 
house was built, and about the first of No- 
vember Bro. J. H. Morris, of Cordell, Okla., 
began a series of meetings. 

Nov. 7, 1915, the new house was dedicat- 
ed by Bro. J. H. Morris, and at the quarter- 
ly meeting in November Bro. W. H. Miller 
was elected elder in charge for 1916. 

The new house has a seating capacity of 
near 200. 

The church has a present membership of 
twenty-six, including three ministers. 

Antelope Valley 

The Bear Creek church, Noble County, 
was organized June 30, 1901, by Eld. W. B. 
Sell, of Fredonia, Kans., assisted by Jos. S. 
Masterson, of Tonkawa, Okla., and M. We- 
land, of Ponca City, Okla. 

Eleven members, formerly attached to the 
Turkey Creek church, and five by letter, 
were the charter members. It is not known 
if there were any ministers, and there was 
only one deacon. 

Eld. Sell had charge and did some preach- 
ing, assisted by Bro. Masterson. There 
were a number of accessior to the church, 
of which we have no record. 

The activity of the church then centered 
nine miles northwest of Perry, Okla., at the 
Lone Star schoolhouse. Later on Eld. Sam- 
uel Edgecomb had the oversight, assisted 
by A. J. Smith. 

A Baptismal Scene in Oklahoma. 

Twenty-four baptized at one date by Elder J. H. Morris. 


The Missionary Visitor 

1917 3 

Near this period of the church's history- 
several moved away. Among them were 
Bro. A. J. Smith and family. 

June 9, 1905, Eld. W. G. Cook and family 
moved near the Antelope Valley school- 

The first council at the Lone Star school- 
house was in August, 1905. There were six- 
teen members scattered many miles apart. 
W. G. Cook accepted charge of the work. 

The church thought best to concentrate 
her efforts at the Antelope Valley school- 
house. Regular preaching and a union Sun- 
day-school were conducted. Later a Breth- 
ren Sunday-school was organized, and by 
the influence of preaching and Sunday- 
school, with the tracts handed out and the 
Gospel Messenger as a missionary, a com- 
munity center was established, and the time, 
through consecration and prayer, had come 
for a series of meetings. 

In March, 1913, Bro. J. H. Morris, our 
District evangelist, was secured to hold 
meetings. His work was blessed by forty- 
three being baptized and one reclaimed. 

In November, 1913, Eld. J. F. Appleman 
and wife gave us a two weeks' meeting and 
seven were baptized. 

In June, 1913, Bro. Morris returned to 
visit the new members and two more were 

During 1913 fifty-five were baptized and 
one reclaimed. 

The attendance increased and the interest 
demanded more room. Assisted by the 
members and generous-hearted friends, 
funds were pledged for a church, and work 
commenced on the same Nov. 9, 1914. It 
was dedicated May 15, 1915, free from debt. 
The sermon was preached by Eld. J. H. 
Morris, our District evangelist, our member- 
ship being increased from 17 to 71. 

We organized a Christian Workers' Meet- 
ing and midweek prayer service. At this 
time our ministerial force was one elder, one 
minister, second degree, who was too far 
away to render assistance, and four deacons, 
who have not taken up the work fully. 

This community center offers an excep- 
tionally good field for young or middle- 
aged ministers and deacons to work for the 
Master. Who will come and help the Lord's 

At a members' meeting, before building a 
house of worship, the name was changed 

from Bear Creek to Antelope Valley. < 

During the period of 1905 to 1916 Eld. E. ; I 
J. Smith presided one year, Eld. D. E. Cripe| 
one year, and Eld. W. G. Cook the remain- 
der of the time. 

The Wawaka church, located on the broad, 
fertile plains of the Panhandle of Texas, 
Ochiltree County, is little more than a year 
old and has great opportunities and pros- J 
pects ahead. 

About fifteen years ago, Bro. D. B. Stump 
and family located here and the next few 
years several other Brethren families lo- 1 
cated. They have battled for the right in 
union Sunday-school work and occasionally \ 
2l minister of our faith would happen by and 
give them a sermon or two, and pass on. 

In December, 1915, the Mission Board or- ] 
ganized them into a working body and E. J. 
Smith, of Woodward, Okla., was chosen as 
their elder. 

May 3, 1916, Bro. C. D. Fager, of Florida, 
was secured to take charge of the work as 
their pastor. 

During the summer and fall seventeen 
have been added by baptism. 

They now number about fifty members, 
some badly scattered. 

They welcome loyal workers to settle 
with them and help in the cause. 

(Material collected by Bro. Pitzer and ar- 
ranged and copied by Sister Maud Stump, 
Ochiltree, Tex.) 

God Knoweth Best 
The gates of life swing either way 
On noiseless hinges, night and day; 
One enters through the open door, 
One leaves us to return no more; 
And which is happier, which more blest, 

God knoweth best. 

We greet with smile the one who comes 
Like sunshine to our hearts and homes; 
And reach our longing hands with tears 
To him who in his ripened years 
Goes gladly to his heavenly rest. 
God knoweth best. 

He guards the gates. We need not dread 
The path these little feet must tread, 
Nor fear for him who from our sight 
Passed through them to the realm of light, 
Both in His loving care we rest, 
God knoweth best. 

— Mary Wheaton Lyon. 

I February 

The Missionary Visitor 



Elsie K. Sanger 

IT is estimated that the church members 
of the United States each give about 
forty cents a year for the evangeliza- 
tion of eight hundred million souls for 
whom Jesus died, while sinners spend two 
hundred and twenty times as much for whis- 
key and one hundred times as much for to- 
bacco. Oh, that God's children were as will- 
ing to sacrifice for Him, in the face of all 
His blessings, as are Satan's followers to 
serve him, with only returns of ill! The 
Lord has placed enormous wealth in the 
hands of His people. Alexander Grant has 
said that if tithing were adopted " even by 
the truly converted and spiritual of the 
members it were well within the reach of 
the churches to evangelize the world in 
twenty years, and actually preach the 
Gospel to every creature under heaven." If 
the Jews who were responsible for only 
themselves gave the tenth, shall we, who 
have the responsibility of the whole world, 
give less? Wm. Saleman has said, "We 
may safely take the tenth as a starting point, 
for few care to give less than the heathen 
and Jew." 

It is estimated that the income of the 
average American family is six hundred dol- 
iare per year. If your congregation has 
twenty-five families, the tithe would amount 
to fifteen hundred dollars a year. But how 
many of our churches of this size are giving 
this much? Shall the servant satisfy him- 
self with comforts, yea, even luxuries, and 
then give only the paltry remnant to the 
Master? "What I spent for self is lost; 
what I save I have for the present, but what 
I give aright, is treasure laid up in heaven." 
There have been a few tithers in the Dis- 
trict of Oklahoma for a number of years, 
but this method was not practiced exten- 
sively until about four years ago, when our 
District missionary secretary visited among 
the churches, encouraging the members to 
'comply with decisions of the St. Joseph 
(Mo.) Conference in regard to laying by a 
portion of their income for the Lord's work. 
Since then this method has been constantly 
growing. Below we give words of testi- 
mony from tithers representing half a dozen 

congregations. These have come from 
merchants, ministers, mothers, bankers, and 
teachers who have great joy in systematic 

" Makes the Lord Seem Nearer " 

It makes the Lord seem nearer since I 
have made Him an actual Sharer in the 
•fruits of the labor of the day, and it makes 
my work become more His work, which is 
very satisfying. Teaching myself (for it did 
take teaching) to give the tenth has made it 
a much easier matter to give more, when I 
feel directed to do so. 

" A Blessed Privilege " 

I wish every member of the Church of the 
Brethren were interested in tithing. The 
wonder to me is, how any true child of God 
can treat the subject indifferently. I think 
all should consider it a blessed privilege to 
return a part of what God has so generously 
given us. I wish every member would try 
the plan and be as well pleased as I. 
"Systematic Giving" 

In the first place, we owe it to the Lord. 
If we rent a farm, do we expect the land- 
lord to donate it rent free? Or if we own 
the farm, do we expect to be exempt from 
paying tax? Much less should we expect 
the Lord to furnish us all the blessings of 
life without paying Him something in return. 

If we adopt a systematic method of pay- 
ing the Lord these dues, it is so much more 
satisfactory to us, and certainly to Him also. 

While under the old law Israel paid a 
tenth, there is no stipulated amount that we 
should pay, but "as the Lord has prospered 
us." But in this prosperity we should con- 
sider ALL the blessings which we daily re- 
ceive at His hands. 

Our income may not be in regular weekly, 
or monthly installments, so that we may 
not be able to make weekly or monthly pay- 
ments to the Lord; but we can adopt a sys- 
tem by which we can pay a certain per cent 
of our income to Him, be that a tenth or 
more or less. 

In paying this "rent" or "tax" to the 
Lord, we may include in the whole amount 
what we may have paid into the Sunday- 


The Missionary Visitor 


school fund, the church fund, or any of the 
various mission funds. Some may imagine 
this would require too much bookkeeping, 
but all such will find, after having followed 
such plan for some time, that it is not only 
a pleasure, but also an inspiration to pay the 
Lord His dues. 

Besides, when we have such a fund avail- 
able to draw on, we are never handicapped 
when we have a special call from some mis- 
sion field. 

By all means adopt a systematic method 
of giving, be the amount a tenth or more or 
less, and having once adopted such method, 
let us not neglect it! 

" A Source of Satisfaction " 

I can truly say that it is a source of 
much satisfaction, and a blessing that has 
given me much joy. 

"Can't Afford Not to Tithe" 
Several years ago we read some litera- 
ture on tithing. About the same time Bro. 
J. R. Pitzer, our Mission Board secretary, 
solicited our congregation for funds for 
District work. He asked us to set aside 
some part of our income for missions, and 
rather encouraged tithing. Since that time 
we have been tithing. Now we want 
to give the Lord's money. Before this we 
thought it was hard to give our own. We 
had thought for a good many years about 
tithing, but always concluded we couldn't 
afford it. But since trying it for about four 
years, we feel we could not afford not to 
tithe. We think it pays big in dollars and 
cents, also in spiritual things. 

"A Consciousness of Duty" 
When we came to Oklahoma and faced 
the conditions of the mission work, we 
asked God to send workers to this field. 
This caused us to meditate upon the finan- 
cial problem. We began giving systemat- 
ically. We continue to tithe because of the 
bjessings received from it, and we have the 
consciousness of fulfilling our duty in the 
work of giving towards the spread of the 
Gospel. I believe it has helped me to con- 
secrate more of my means, as well as my 
time to the Master's service. 

"A Bank Account for the Lord" 

Why not start a bank account for the 
It hai become quite common in these 

days for not only adults but for children to 
start a bank account. 

With one or more banks in almost every 
country town it is an easy matter to do 
this. Most of these banks will accept a de- 
posit, however small, thus encouraging the 
children" to bank their nickels and dimes. 

But while we are doing this, why not open 
an account for the Lord? The banks will 
accept small amounts on such accounts, as 
well as any other. And after having such 
account started, it is an inspiration to see 
it grow. 

If every member of the Church of the 
Brethren in Oklahoma would deposit a 
dime each week, $5.20 per year for missions, 
we rather think the Mission Board would 
not be so badly cramped for funds, but 
would be able to answer more of the calls 
for help. 

Yes, start a bank account for the Lord. 

" Don't Seem to Miss It " 

One is surprised at the amount the Lord's 
share amounts to in a year, but we don't 
seem to miss it, for we have seemingly done 
better financially every year since we be- 
gan to tithe. It seems easier to give to 
the Lord's cause when one has set aside 
the money for this purpose. 

Now as to our method of tithing it is 
this: When we sell anything, we just count 
out one-tenth, or if we draw a day's wages, 
we 'count out one-tenth for the Lord's 
share. Some think they should count out 
the expenses before they take out the tenth, 
but I don't see it that way. If I were to rent 
a farm from some one, and agree to pay the 
tenth, the landlord would expect the tenth 
regardless of the cost. We are the Lord's 
servants, and He expects the tenth, or more. 

"Will Start the New Year with Tithing" 

When we began to tithe, we had so ar- 
ranged our finances in paying for our home, 
that it was almost impossible for us to con- 
tinue giving one-tenth. We discontinued 
tithing, but afterwards lost all we had put 
into ihe home. I believe God had a hand in 
it. While we have been blessed beyond our 
appreciation, I believe we have lost many 
blessings we might have claimed, had we 
continued to tithe. I am going to start the 
new year, and, God helping me, give the 
tenth or more to the Lord's cause. 


The Missionary Visitor 


" Greater Joy in Giving " 
We began tithing when we were first 
married, because we wanted the Lord to 
have an interest in our labors. While we 
were isolated, we grew indifferent, but were 
always willing to help in every good work. 
iLater on we began tithing again and have 
jhad more ready money and greater joy in 
giving than ever before. 

" Solicitors Not Needed " 

My experience as solicitor has added con- 
viction to my faith in tithing. So many 
times in soliciting one is made to feel the 
one solicited thinks you are meddling into 
jtheir personal business and one must take 
|many a rebuff. But not so when you find a 
jtither. When you speak of a need of funds, 
they are interested at once, for they are 
looking for a place to invest the Lord's 
money where it will do the most good. 
If our people were all tithers we could do 
away with solicitors, for the treasury would 
always be full. 

•"Glad for Needs, Now" 

In my regular funds I have had no rea- 
son to feel sorry I began to tithe. In my 
funds for the Lord's work I have found that 
for every need I have so much more. I 
find myself looking for places to use that 
money to the best advantage. I am glad 
for needs, now. 

"Always Have Something to Give" 

Since we have been laying by a portion 
of our income we always have something 
to give when called upon. I feel as if we 
are robbing God if we do not give as much 
as the tenth. If we could all realize that 
the " earth is the Lord's, and the fullness 
thereof," it would not be so difficult for us 
to give back a portion of what He has giv- 
en us. I feel that if we as a church would 
give as we should, He would " open the 
windows of heaven and pour out blessings 
we could not contain." We began tithing 
because we felt it a duty; the more we give 
the more we have, and the more we want to 
give. I am not satisfied with giving money 
alone, but pray for wisdom that I may 
bring my family up filled with missionary 
spirit and that my children will consecrate 
their lives to the service of God. 

u Wages More Than Doubled " 

The question in my mind was, How much 
or how little shall I give? This caused me 
to try the tithing system. I have become a 
strong believer in this method of giving. 
I started tithing secretly, but it leaked out 
and became known. My importance in- 
creased in the factory and my wages in- 
creased until they amounted to more than 
double what they were before. So my 
tithes increased. I am sure I have been 
able to help the mission work along at a 
number of places by my tithing. This 
brings me great joy and I count it a great 
blessing that I am permitted to tithe in His 
name. To those who have never tried this 
system of giving, I would say that before 
giving a voice against it, try tithing long 
enough to actually experience it. Touch 
the burden if you think it is one, then speak. 

Thomas, Okla. 

J. B. Niswander 

We've a band in Oklahoma, 

An earnest tithing band; 
Whose motto is " Send the Gospel, 

To home, and foreign land." 

Though this band is widely scattered, 

And membership is small; 
It is none the less devoted, 

To heed the gospel call. 

Its members advocate the tithe, 

Because they think it's right 
To have their money with them strive 

In sending forth the light. 

Although these tithers heed the call, 

And pay the Lord His due; 
The whole amount they pay is small, 

Because they are so few. 

If all our members in the State 

Would join this tithing band 
Our mission fund would then be great, 

For home and foreign land. 

So through these lines we'll sound the call 

For tithers everywhere; 
And thus we'll swell the mission roll, 

The gospel light to bear. 

Although we may not have great wealth 

Of worldly goods in store, 
We might, by just denying self, 

Pay to the Lord much more. 

We trust the happy day is near 
When more will see the need 

Of sending forth the gospel cheer, 
For starving souls to feed. 

Guthrie, Okla. 

44 The Missionary Visitor 


Charity S. Holsinger 


THE first Bible Normal of Oklaho- 
ma was held at the Monitor church 
near Nash, in January, 1913. The 
work was planned and conducted by the 
District evangelist, J. H. Morris, assisted by 
J. R. Pitzer. These brethren have been the 
instructors at the Annual Bible Normals 
held in Oklahoma since their organization. 
The work being somewhat new to many of 
the churches throughout the District, the 
attendance at that first one was not so 
large as at the Bible Normals which fol- 
lowed annually. But the interest mani- 
fested in the work that first year was en- 
couraging to the instructors, and plans 
were made for a meeting to be held the fol- 
lowing year. It was in the Washita church, 
near Cordell, where the second Bible Nor- 
mal was held. The enrollment was near 
ninety; a number of the churches were rep- 
resented at this meeting. An outline book- 
let on the Acts of the Apostles and the 
Pauline Epistles, which had been prepared 
by our District evangelist, was studied. 
Many good impressions were made upon 
the minds of those in attendance, during 
the course of lessons which were studied, 
and at the test given at the close of the 
work they showed that they had put forth 
an effort in the study. 

This created with them a desire to study 
the Bible more thoroughly than they had 
in former years. 

The third meeting was held in the Big 
Creek church, near Cushing. The same 
booklet which had been used the previous 
year was used in the course of study pur- 
sued. A number from other churches were 
present, and the class was composed largely 
of young people who took active part in 
the work. Out of twenty-five who took 
the test at the close of the work, all but 
three were under twenty years of age. 

The fourth Bible Normal was held at 
Thomas. There was a noticeable increase 
in attendance, as well as a greater interest 
manifested in the work. Twelve different 
churches were represented at this meeting. 

The subject of redemption was studied from 
an outline booklet prepared by the in- 

The following year the same booklet was 
used at the Bible Normal held in the Wash- 
ita church, near Cordell. This was the sec- 
ond normal held at this place and proved 
to be the best Bible Normal that was ever 
held in Oklahoma. There was an increase 
in attendance over all the previous meet- 
ings and great interest was manifested by 
young and old in the work. At the last two 
Bible Normals held a period was given 
each day to the instruction of the children. 
The work accomplished by the teachers who 
had charge of this work was a credit to 
them as instructors. The children who took 
part in the work showed by the tests given 
at the close of each meeting that they had 
learned Bible truths. 

Each day at the close of the lesson 
period was devoted to Bible reading and out 
lining of texts for sermons. This proved in 
teresting and was much appreciated, especial 
ly by the ministers who were in attendance. 
Considering that the work is new to many 
of the older people, who never had the priv- ! 
ilege of engaging in Bible .Normal work, 
much interest is manifested by them. They* 
take part in the discussions on the lessons, 
thus encouraging the young people. They 
also show their sympathy and interest in;- 
the work by making it possible for the' 
young people to attend so many of the ses- 
sions held annually. As one attends the 
meetings from year to year it is encourag- 
ing to notice how anxious the people are to" 
engage in the study of the Bible and how> 
eagerly they take hold of the work. 

Though the length of time consumed dur- r 
ing each normal is only from six to ten. 
days, much good has been accomplished 
and the influence has been far-reaching. 

The singing has always been uplifting and 

Another feature of the work which has re- 
sulted in much good is the association of* 
the members of the different churches. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Each year new friendships are formed and 
old ties renewed and strengthened. The 
churches in which the Bible Normals have 
been held showed their hospitality by mak- 
ing it pleasant and comfortable for the vis- 
itors from other churches. During our late 
Bible Normal services were held two differ- 
ent evenings. Vital subjects were taken up 
and discussed by our District evangelist, as- 
sisted by others who were interested in the 

work. The success of the work is due large- 
ly to the faithful, untiring efforts of our in- 
structors from year to year, who leave noth- 
ing undone to make the work profitable 
and instructive. While perhaps the work is 
in its infancy in Oklahoma, it cannot long 
remain in that condition, because of the 
progress it is making from year to year. 

Agra, Okla. 


Birdie R. Morris 

The Sunday-school fills such an impor- 
tant place in the church of today that failure 
to give to it due consideration would be 
doing it an injustice. The Oklahoma 
churches have felt their need of the Sun- 
day-school, and it is an all-important ave- 
nue through which the churches are striv- 
ing to reach the people of our State. Our 
schools have not attained the highest stand- 
ard, nor can we say they are near it, but 
they are working in that direction. 

When we stop to consider that some of 
our Sunday-schools of the early days of 
Oklahoma were organized in dugouts, and 
from them passed to the sod schoolhouses, 
thence to the frame schoolhouses, the fact 
that eighteen of the nineteen strictly Breth- 
ren Sunday-schools of our District are con- 
vening in churchhouses gives us no little 
cause for rejoicing over the progress made 
in that line. Ten of these churchhouses 
have at least one separate Sunday-school 
room — some more — and one has four rooms 
used for that purpose. 

Not only would we consider the strictly 
Brethren schools, for there are many iso- 
lated members who are doing splendid work 
in union schools. At present there are in 
the District about seventeen union schools 
jn which our people are taking active part, 
some as superintendents, some as teachers 
and some proving themselves faithful, help- 
ful scholars. So we see that not only in 
organized churches is the work being taken 
up, but out in the remote corners the influ- 
fluence of the church is being felt through 
the faithfulness of isolated members in their 
work in the union schools. Some of these 

would not exist were it not for the efficient 
help given by some of our own members. 
Then, too, looking about us, we can see 
where the way has been opened for the 
coming of the evangelist by the work done 
by them in the union schools. Within the 
last four years revivals have been held in 
fourteen communities where union schools 
are conducted, and as a result, at least sev- 
enty-eight persons have been added to the 
Church of the Brethren. 

Another factor that gives the Sunday- 
school work a brighter outlook for the fu- 
ture is the number of trained teachers in 
active service, with others in preparation. 
The trained teachers are calling for better 
facilities, and some of the schools are re- 
sponding readily to the calls, by building 
additional rooms, or, in some cases, fur- 
nishing curtained classrooms, procuring 
blackboards, maps, sand-tables and the like. 

Our schools are ever in need of workers, 
and we like to think of all the scholars as 
being workers, especially those who have 
made Christ their Leader. Of the 347 who 
have taken this step in the last four years, 
264 have come directly from the Sunday- 
schools, and we have confidence in them 
that they will not allow the Sunday-schools 
to suffer for want of workers in the near 

During the last four months we have vis- 
ited ten of the schools in organized 
churches and two union schools in which 
our people take an active part. On the 
whole we were encouraged in the work be- 
ing done. In almost every case we found 
the schools eager to reach the standards 


The Missionary Visitor 


set by the General Sunday School Board, 
not merely for the sake of reaching the 
standards, but because they felt they would 
be benefited by so doing and the cause of 
Christ advanced. 

It is encouraging to know that some of 
the schools are doing real, practical Chris- 
tian work and others are willing to do the 
same when they are told how to go about it. 
We are sure that if some of our Sunday- 
school people, who think their work begins 
and ends on Sunday; could have seen the 
joy that came to a class of girls that took 
a Christmas dinner to a poor family, they 

would be in such work themselves and be 
encouraging others to join them. There is 
no better way of advertising the Sunday- 
school than by her members exhibiting the 
Christ-life every day of their lives by lov- 
ing words and deeds. 

While our Sunday-schools have not made 
the progress they might, yet, generally 
speaking, they have done well, and many of 
them have resolved by the help of God and 
the cooperation of all, to do more and bet- 
ter work in the future. We are praying to 
that end that the cause of Christ may pros- 
per and His name be glorified. 

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Elder C. D. Fager and Family. 
Brother Fager Is Missionary-Evangelist for the Panhandle of Texas and Oklahoma. 



C. D. Fager 

WE landed at our present field of 
labor May 3, 1916, to take charge 
of the Wawaka church as pas- 
tor and also assistant District evangelist. 
Until recently I have been the only active 
worker in this part of Texas. Brother Blair 
Hoover, of Arkansas, has just been secured 
as pastor at Miami, Tex. 

If you get your map and locate the ex- 
treme southwest portion of Oklahoma, 
drawing a line west to New Mexico, north 

to Oklahoma, then east and south along the 
Texas line to starting point, you can get 
a faint idea of the scope of the Panhandle, 
plains. But our territory is not limited 
to the Panhandle of Texas, the three west- 
ern counties of Oklahoma — Cimarron, Tex- 
as and Beaver — also being allotted to us. 
This is a very fruitful annex to the Pan- 
handle, since there are members scattered 
in these three counties. I held evangelistic 
meetings at two different points where the 


The Missionary Visitor 


Brethren had never before preached. At 
one place two and at the other place seven 
were baptized. Both are fruitful fields 
where ministers ought to be located. They 
are calling for more preaching. But we can- 
not take care of so many places and do jus- 
tice to all. Who will heed the call? 

At three other points in Cimarron and 
Texas Counties there are calls for evangel- 
istic meetings that have not been answered 
yet; a few members live at each of these 

The Miami church, located south of the 
Canadian River, has been organized a num- 
ber of years. Bro. John Stump located 
there thirty-five years ago. He has done 
an untiring work at different points. Our 
District evangelist, J. H. Morris, came to 
a branch of this church and held meetings 
last April and baptized two. This church 
through the Mission Board has secured 
Bro. Hoover, and he with his family is in 
that part of the great field. With the co- 
operation of the few members there the 
church should do a good work. 

Bro. J. H. Morris, in answer to a call of 
some previous time, began evangelistic 
meetings in our home church near Ochiltree 
the first part of May, where he baptized 
eight and two await baptism. This was the 
first evangelistic meeting held here by our 
people. This, the Wawaka church, had 
been organized into a working body only 
a few months before, and it was a means 
of great strengthening for us. We have 
nearly fifty members, seventeen having 
been added, with two applicants since I 
came. Some are widely scattered and this 
necessitates much traveling. I have driven 
the faithful Ford nearly 8,000 miles. Some 
Sundays I travel seventy-five miles in order 
to carry the glad tidings to hungry souls 
who appreciate the whole Gospel. 

Our part of the Plains country is begin- 
ning to develop rapidly, as we are promised. 
a railroad through the northern counties. A 
syndicate has bought up large tracts of this 
land and is dividing it up for settlers, so 
we look for many Brethren families to lo- 
cate in this section of Texas. They, too, 
will need care, and we trust many ministers 
will find their way to this needy field, that 
it may be taken for the Church of the Breth- 


(Continued from Page 64) 
Mrs. S. L. Whisler, $ 600 

Total for the month $ 6 00 

Previously received, 46 35 

For the year so far , $ 52 35 

Iowa — $7.50. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Eliza R. Wolfe, $ 7 50 

Kansas — $1.00. 

Southwestern District, Individual. 

Katie Yost, 1 qO 

Total for the month, .^ 8 50 

Previously received 23 40 

For the year so far, $ 31 00 

Pennsylvania — $2.50. 

Southeastern District. 

Y. M. B. Class, Philadelphia, $ 2 50 

Total for the month, $ 2 50 

Previously received, 21 00 

For the year so far, $ 23 50 

California — $11.00. 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Pasadena, 5 OO 


Mrs. S. E. Yundt, $5; D. Earl Bru- 

baker, $1, 6 00 

Illinois — $9.00. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon 8 00 

Southern District. Individual. 

Bettie Barnhart, 1 00 

Iowa — $5.00. 

Middle District, Individuals. 

W. I. and Katie Buckingham, Prairie 
City 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 25 00 

Previously received, 650 29 

For the year so far $ 675 29 

K ansas — $53.38. 

Southwestern District, Congregation. 
McPherson $ 53 58 

Total for the month, $ 53 58 

For the year so far $ 53 58 

Pennsylvania — $20.88. 

Eastern District. Congregation. 
West Green Tree $ 20 88 

Total for the month ? 20 88 

For the year so far $ 20 Ss 


Iowa — $110.00. 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Cedar Rapids $ 25 03 


Dallas Center, 55 03 


Jos. Newcomer, $25; S. and Agnes 

Schlotman, $5, , 30 00 

California — $47.55. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Empire 47 55 

Kansas — $37.41. 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

North Solomon 13 09 


Isaac B. Garst 7 00 

(Continued on Page 49) 


The Missionary Visitor 


Elder and Sister D. E. Cripe. 

Brother Cripe has been associated with the Child Rescue Work 
of Oklahoma from the beginning. Their work has proved an in- 
centive and inspiration to many in the Brotherhood. 


EVERY one who attends the Annual 
District Meeting of Oklahoma gets 
the impression that the Child Saving 
Mission is a very important part of the 
church work of the District. At 
these meetings Thursday night is set 
apart for this work, and it never fails 
to draw a crowd that fills the largest house 
in which the meeting is held. A brief re- 
port of the year's work, the number of chil- 
dren that have been cared for and placed in 
families, introduces the service. A few 
short talks which are calculated to impress 
the importance of rescuing homeless chil- 
dren, and the good results of having them 
adopted into families are given. Then 
comes the offering for the work, which is 
usually generous. 

The Child Saving Mission has closed its 
fourteenth year in Oklahoma. This was the 
first District in the West to organize for 
the rescuing and saving of homeless chil- 
dren, and was the first District in the 
Brotherhood to take up the work on a pure- 
ly family-placing method. Since then many 
other State Districts, especially in the West, 
have engaged in the work, and are now con- 
ducting it on the same plan, with more or 
less success. 

This work of caring for homeless chil- 
dren was organized in Oklahoma in the fall 
of 1902, on a small scale, with only about 

eleven dollars in money and a few promises 
to begin with. During that winter some of 
the churches were canvassed and a little 
money was raised, but it was a slow process, 
as there was considerable opposition and 
not much sentiment in its favor. To create 
sentiment and prepare the people for the 
work, a little monthly paper, The Friend, 
was started in January of 1903. It was first 
published in Guthrie by D. E. Cripe, who 
has been editor of it ever since, and also 
manager of the work. 

The first child taken in charge was Ray- 
mond, who was received • the following 
spring. He was a bright, promising orphan, 
two years old. He was kept in the family 
of the manager for several weeks, and was 
then placed with Brother and Sister Root, 
Eld. Root now being a well-known elder on 
the Pacific coast. At that time they had no 
children, but two have since been born to 
them. Raymond is still in that home, a 
strong, well-educated boy, and a member bt 
the church. 

The first four years the work grew very 
slowly, as there were few homeless children 
to be had, and it was difficult to raise the 
needed money. Since then the sentiment in 
favor of caring for these unfortunate chil- 
dren has developed very much, and many 
more have been cared for. Not many chil- 
dren have ever been received from Brethren 
families; only six in all these years. While 


The Missionary Visitor 


many Brethren families have taken a home- 
less child, there were not near enough such 
homes open, and about three-fourths of the 
children who have come into our care have 
been placed with people of other denomina- 
tions. They are placed with any good fami- 
lies where they read and teach the Bible. 
At this time seven of these children are in 
the homes of elders of the Church of the 

In May, 1912, the managers moved to 
Enid, a city of over 15,000, the best railroad 
center and largest city in northwest Okla- 
homa. Up to that time ninety children had 
been cared for. Since locating in Enid, up 
to January, 1917, a little over four years and 
a half, 116 children have been in the care 
of the Child Saving Mission, making a total 
of 206 children. A few of these have been 
restored to a parent, a small number have 
died, some are grown up, and a few are 
married. About 150 now have homes in 
good families, where they have as good op- 
portunities of getting an education and de- 
veloping into useful men and women as the 
average child that is born into a home. 

During the first ten years of the work the 
children were temporarily kept in the home 
of the managers until suitable family homes 
could be secured. Sometimes they were 
boarded out with good people. The task of 
caring for so many little ones, night and 
day, became too heavy for the strength of 
the manager's wife, and arrangements were 
made to secure a receiving home, where 
they could be well cared for by a respon- 
sible matron. A faithful solicitor canvassed 
the towns and cities of Oklahoma and raised 
sufficient funds to help tide over the close 
times and make the first payment on a house 
that was purchased for this purpose. The 
home is being paid for in monthly install- 

A two-story house in the east side of 
Enid, near the car line, was bought and re- 
paired and improved until it is now a con- 
venient receiving home for the children that 
are taken in. It is large enough to accom- 
modate fifteen or twenty children, but up to 
this time there have never been more than 
ten children in it at one time. Here they 
are well cared for and prepared to go into 
family homes. During the heat of last July 
and August five or six babies were there all 

the time, and not one of them ever needed 
a doctor. 

The child is first placed in the family on 
trial, and if it does not prove a proper home, 
or if the people do not wish to keep it, the 
child is taken away and placed into another 
family. If the home proves to be a suitable 
one the child is adopted by the family, and 
then it becomes legally as much a child in 
that family as those who are born there. 
Often the child who has been adopted is 
loved just as much as those which may be 
born later on. In this way the homeless 
child is assured a good home, and has the 
opportunity of growing up to become a use- 
ful man or woman, instead of being a pau- 
per or criminal. 

In no way can money be invested to bring 
a better return than when it is used in the 
saving of children, and giving the unfortu- 
nate ones an opportunity of growing up into 
good citizens, who will be of value to the 
country, instead of becoming paupers and 
criminals. ^ ^ 

(Continued from Page 47) 
Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Ottawa, 11 32 


Victory Union, 6 00 

Ohio— $35.43. 
Northwestern District. 

Old Folks' Home, Fostoria, 17 23 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Kent, Springfield 3 20 

Southern District, Individuals. 

D. C. Snider and mother, 15 00 

Virginia — $30.00. 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Germantown, 20 00 


Mrs. B. H. Funk 10 00 

West Virginia— $20.73. 

First District, Congregation. 

Beaver Run, 20 73 

Pennsylvania — $17.50. 

Western District, Sunday-school. 

Ligonier, 5 00 

Eastern District, Sunday-school. 

Mingo, 10 00 

Southeastern District. 

Y. M. B. Class, Philadelphia 2 50 

Tennes see— $17 .00. 

Pleasant Hill, 17 00 

Illinois — $13.95. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Polo, $11.95; Shannon, $2, 13 95 

Nebraska — $10.00. 

Alfred Phillips, $ 10 00 

Maryland — $8.10. 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Brownsville 8 10 

Missouri — $5.50. 

Middle District, Christian Workers. 

Kansas City, 5 50 

Total for the month, $ 353 17 

Previously received, 1,241 80 

For the year so far .$ 1,594 97 


The Missionary Visitor 



W. P. Bosserman 

THE Oklahoma field has been explored 
in part only — much less developed 
and occupied. In a great part of the 
State the Church of the Brethren is practi- 
cally unknown. More aggressive work 
would plant the Gospel in many places 
where Christianity is now at a very low ebb. 

There is raw prairie in the State that 
awaits the Christian pioneer with his gospel 
plow. There are " wayside " places which 
baffle ordinary methods and efforts to plant 
the good seed, but which will finally respond 
to careful gospel cultivation. There are 
" stony places " with little depth of soil, ap- 
parently worthless, which may be so envi- 
roned as to produce encouraging results. 
There are places infested with thorns and 
briars which have depth and fertility of soil, 
but which challenge the patience and brav- 
ery of the ordinary planter. There is good 
ground awaiting the sower. From this 
ground an abundant harvest may be reaped. 

Though the needs are many, the field 
large, and the work difficult, the resources 
are sufficient to do much good. Oklahoma, 
with her productive soil, rich mines, nu- 
merous oil wells, and cattle on her thousand 
hills and prairies, is financially equal to the 
task of carrying the message of salvation 
to her remotest section. 

As it is necessary for best results in the 
semiarid regions to conserve the moisture, 
so her income should be conserved for the 
spreading of the kingdom. If all the means 
that is now spent on luxuries alone in the 
Brotherhood were applied to the spread of 
the Gospel, there would be abundant means 
to carry on most aggressive work in those 
new fields, now suffering for the bread of 
life.. More consecration, more "men who 
have hazarded their lives for the name of 
our Lord Jesus Christ," who are "not 
ashamed of the gospel of Christ," more self- 
denial on the part of the laity, all to be 
thoroughly leavened with prayer, will ac- 
complish much toward sowing the seed and 
reaping the harvest in every nook and 
corner of our State. 

Statistics show that in a prominent city 
in the State less than fifty per cent of the 
population are church members, and less 
than twenty per cent are church-goers. In 
the same city only about one-fifth of one 
per cent of the inhabitants are members of 
the Church of the Brethren. There are 
seventy-seven counties in the State, twenty 
of which have, each, one congregation of 
the Church of the Brethren. Three of these 
counties have two congregations each. The 
twenty-three congregations have an aggre- 
gate of about 920 members, while the popu- 
lation of these same counties is approxi- 
mately 470,000. Taking the city basis as 
previously given, there would be about 
206,000 church members of all denomina- 
tions. But only about 88,000 are church- 
goers. Here, again, the members of the 
Church of the Brethren constitute about 
one-fifth of one per cent of the population, 
while in the fifty-seven counties in which 
no congregations have been established our 
showing is not even " leaves." 

Shall this situation prove discouraging, or 
will its alarming features cause us to double 
our diligence, renew our consecration, and 
look upon the great harvest field with a 
determination to reap the harvest for the 

There are twenty-three elders in the State 
and twenty-seven other ministers who ought 
to be relieved of the bread and butter 
problem and supported by a consecrated 
laity so that they could give their time 
wholly to the preaching of the Word. 

Forty workers in the field would make a 
telling effect on the harvest. If they were 
paid an average salary of $500 the members 
would have an annual fund of $20,000 to 
raise, and should they average fifty con- 
verts, there would be a yearly increase of 
2,000 at a cost of $10 each. But many of 
these converts would return in offerings an 
amount equal to or more than their cost. 
Then, too, other workers under such a 
blessed influence would be sent into the field 
and splendid results could be expected. 

In Bro. Morris' report for four years there 


The Missionary Visitor 


were more than eighty converts per year. 
This may be considered exceptional, and no 
doubt it is, but fifty is considerably less. 
Now, put the average at twenty-five and the 
yearly increase would be 1,000, or over 
100 per cent. Again, it may be thought that 
the present forty ministers are not all 
capable of doing effectual evangelistic work. 
Cut the number in two and there would be 
twenty to work. On the same basis there 
would be an increase of 500 at a cost of 
$10,000, or $11 per member. 

These estimates are given only to help 
us see our possibilities. Dare we attempt 
any such aggression as the foregoing? Are 
there a " hundred hands to make reply," a 
hundred voices to answer " I " ? ' 

" How then shall they believe in Him of 
Whom they have not heard, and how shall 
they hear without a preacher, and how shall 
they preach except they be sent" (Rom. 
10: 14)? 

A noted statesman once said in relation 
to the nation and a great undertaking, "We 
are not weak if we make a proper use of 
those means which the God of nature hath 
placed within our power." Is not this dec- 
laration applicable to us in our mission to- 
day? " A proper use " of those things which 
God hath placed within our power will solve 
many of those problems and enable us to 
plant the Gospel in needy places. Let 
" Paul plant, Apollos water, and God give 
the increase." 


Winnie E. Cripe 

THIS has been a busy and interesting 
month for both stations. Since our 
last writing there have been seventy- 
four who have received baptism. Seventy- 
four native Christians added to the church 
in China, that many more to shepherd, that 
many more for you to pray for. It has been 
a time of rejoicing and spiritual uplift. For 
a couple of weeks previous there were spe- 
cial meetings held at both stations, when 
there were several sessions each day spent 
in definite Bible study. At the close of these 
was the baptismal service and communion. 
Fifty-four new members were added to the 
Ping Ting Hsien church and twenty to the 
Liao Chou church. There have also been 
confessions and testimonies from other 
Christians, showing that they too derived 
great benefit from these seasons of refresh- 
ing. May the Great Shepherd teach us how 
to feed His lambs. 

A new out-station has just been opened in 
the Ping Ting district. This is a point on 
the railroad, a few miles from Ping Ting, 
and is a promising place for work. We are 
just now opening another station in the 
Liao Chou district, also, at Ch'ang Chuang, 
a point forty li west from the city on the 
main trail from Liao to Tai ku Hsien, our 
nearest American neighbors, who are of the 
American Board Mission. For some time 

there have been calls from these and other 
places for us to open work among them, and 
only now do we see our way clear to do so. 

Sister Anna Blough has made another 
tour among villages and out-stations trying 
to reach the homes of our Christians and 
inquirers. This work is growing, and as 
most of our Christians are men we are glad 
to see them eager for the conversion of 
their wives and families. 

Work has been discontinued on the hospi- 
tal and doctor's residence for the winter at 
Liao Chou. Native workmen do not have 
facilities for carrying on their work in win- 
ter, and we purposed to lay only the founda- 
tions and allow them to settle during the 
coming winter. The buildings are to be 
completed next summer. 

Thanksgiving Day was observed by the 
missionaries, and to some extent by the 
Chinese, as a day in which to recount the 
Father's many blessings. The China Mis- 
sion, as well as the native church here, has 
found much cause for thanksgiving, as we 
think of how the Lord has kept and pros- 
pered His work in the past year. There 
have been various evidences of His love and 
care, and He has truly supplied our " every 


The Missionary Visitor 



HERE comes a letter of more than 
ordinary interest: " Enclosed find 
$148 for World-wide Mission pur- 
poses. Last spring, instead of using this 
amount to insure our crop against hail, as 
many others do, we insured with the Lord 
and agreed to pay this amount to His work 
in the fall." The message and money are 
from Canada. This Christian farmer 
promised the Lord one-tenth of his increase 
and says that as soon as his crop is dis- 
posed of at least $300 more is coming. Not 
one word of boasting in the letter, but a 
joyful recital of the results of his trust in 
the Lord. It should provoke some other 
Christians at least to think on their ways. 
. First. " But he is not practical; his course 
is not good business," cries a chorus of 
voices. That may be true, according to the 
wisdom of this world. I suppose in this 
particular he might be pointed out as " fool- 
ish," and I am sure his life is in this in- 
stance -one of faith and trust — the kind 
which in the history of the world has so 
often seemed impracticable, not business- 
like, rather trustful instead. Of course, if 
the rest of us can not have faith enough to 
step on this higher plane of living with God, 
then our Heavenly Father must bear with 
us and try to win us there. 

Of course Christians all trust their Lord 
with their lives, their most important asset; 
yet when it comes to the increase from their 
labors many of them want to trust a world- 
ly insurance company, which pays enormous 
salaries, whose officers live luxuriously and 
spend their gain for the most part not in 
the Lord's work. There are some splendid, 
devoted Christian men who are in the in- 
surance business, whose stewardship is far 
above that of many of their fellow Chris- 
tians, but I do confess that the insurance 
companies themselves make little preten- 
sions to doing Christian work, as such. In- 
stead, they are growing immensely rich 
from the "risks," part of which are taken 
from Christians who profess to trust the 
Lord with all their hearts. 

Second. What would happen if all the 
money paid for insurance was paid into 
church work and people took care of and 
helped each other in disaster on the Bible 

basis? The "premium" for actual fire loss 
would be small, the Lord's treasury would 
be full, and the problem would be one of 
world evangelization rather than world ag- 

Third. What a lesson in this brother's 
course for the Christian who has $1 for dog 
tax, $50 to $500 for government taxes, and 
25c to 50c per year to save the world for 
Christ! This man's religion is going to cost 
him close to $500 this year. Compare that 
with the religion of the church member who 
boasted that he had been in the church ten 
years and it had not cost him a cent. I have 
reason to believe there is as much difference 
between the religion of the two men as be- 
tween earth and heaven. 

Last. This man promised the Lord last 
spring and he kept his promise. Reader, 
have you promised and then not kept it? 
Did you promise a service which you have 
had opportunity to do and did not render? 
Did you agree with the Lord, and then dis- 
count your promise so heavily that the Lord 
hardly recognizes you as the one paying 
off? No sane man can pursue such a course. 
It is always best to keep on the " good side 
of the Lord " by giving Him just a little 
more than His share. Humanly speaking, 
it keeps the Lord going your way. 

Thanks, my Canadian brother, for the les- 
sons you have taught us all. Many of your 
brethren are quietly giving at least a tenth; 
fewer of us have turned our insurance mon- 
ey over to the Lord; and perhaps a still 
smaller number have opportunity to con- 
tribute such a goodly sum to the Lord's 
work at one time. God bless you! Teach 
us all again. 

If Christ did so much for us, what can 
we do for the thousands and millions who 
have not heard about the Christ Who would 
save them? 

If Christ intrusted us with His message 
of love, what shall we do with it? Put it 
in a napkin? 

Christ has said to us, "Go, evangelize." 
He has made no other provision for the lost. 
Have you heard the call? Do you feel the 


The Missionary Visitor 


Our New Brethren Chureh at Bedsted, Denmark. 

This shows the front view to the street. 


A. F. Wine 

WE have anxiously been looking for- 
ward to the time when the dedi- 
cation of the new mission house in 
Bedsted could take place. The contractors 
had promised to have it ready by the first 
of September, but in this we were very 
much disappointed, and even now it is not 
fully completed, as you can see from the 
illustration. However, it was so far along 
that it could be used; therefore the dedica- 
tion service was held the 5th of November, 
conducted by Eld. J. F. Graybill, Malmo, 
Sweden. The attendance at the dedication 
and evening meeting was fairly good, pos- 
sibly a hundred being present in the after- 
noon and little over half as many in the 
evening. Some of us had hoped for a larg- 
er attendance. 

The house is built after the double " T " 
plan, being fifty-four feet long and twenty 
feet wide, with two wings of 12x16 feet, ar- 
ranged inside so as to have five Sunday- 
school rooms, all of which is one large audi- 
torium, except the one room farthest from 
the entrance, where the side door is shown. 
This is separated from the main room by a 
stationary partition, and has a cooking stove 
in it for love-feast occasions. The house 
complete will cost little over seven thou- 

sand kroner ($1,900), divided as follows: 
Ground, 1,200 Kr.; main contract, 5,000 Kr.; 
inside furnishings, about 1,000 Kr. Because 
of the rise in price of all material, the house 
costs us at least 1,000 Kr. more than when 
we first decided to build last spring, and 
likely 2,000 Kr. more than what it would 
have cost before the war. We needed it so 
badly in order to take care of our Sunday- 
school that we did not feel justified in wait- 
ing for normal conditions, as we have no 
prospects for a change. Conditions are get- 
ting worse all the time. The house has a 
seating capacity of nearly two hundred, and 
we shall be pleased to have it filled with 
listeners. We hope, though, with time, 
through the Sunday-school, and special 
series of meetings, to be able to interest the 
people of this town of about 500 inhabitants. 
One advantage we have here, that we do 
not have at the other places where we have 
mission houses and regular appointments, 
is, that we are the only free denomination 
that is working in the town. This gives us 
a decided advantage and creates within us a 
desire to do all in our power to reach the 
people who are not regular attendants at 
the State Church. Of course they all be- 
long to the State Church, but many of them 


The Missionary Visitor 


never attend and have no interest in reli- the united prayers of the church in the 

gion of any kind. These, as a rule, are very 
strong opposers of all that savors of re- 
ligion, but we realize that the Spirit of God 
is mightier than that of the devil, there- 
fore we hope to be able to win some for 
Him in Whose name we go forth. We need 

homeland that we, His servants here, may 
be filled with the Spirit and endued with 
power from on high rightly to meet the op- 
position and win souls for the Master's 

Aalborg, Denmark. 

An Inside View of the New Bedsted Churchhouse. 


J. F. Graybill 

SOME months ago the Russian and 
^German Governments agreed to ex- 
change prisoners of war. The Swedish 
Government offered its assistance in this 
work. In this way a number of the most 
unfortunate prisoners of war have been able, 
in their maimed condition, to return to their 
native land and to their friends and families. 
The Russian government transports the 
Germans and Austrians to Haparanda, and 
from here the Swedish government has for 
some time operated three trains of from 
twelve to fifteen cars a week, to help these 
poor soldiers to their home country. The 
Russians seemingly failed to get the re- 
quired number of their prisoners to Hapar- 
anda, and so the train was obliged to re- 
turn empty from that place to Tralleborg, 
the most southern port in Sweden, which is 
but a few hours by ferry from Sasnitz, in 
Germany. A small percentage of the 
prisoners sent home were Germans. They 
were mostly Austrians. This caused the 
transfer to be discontinued a few months 
during the summer. A few months ago this 

was again taken up, and now but one train 
is operating in the " good Samaritan work," 
the Russians taking the initiative. Those 
from Russia arrive in Germany before 
Germany gives up its prisoners of war. 

The writer has twice seen the invalid 
train as it passed through Malmo, but the 
distance was such that one could not get 
much satisfaction from it. On a trip to our 
appointment in Simrishamn the writer went 
a day before by way of Tralleborg, in order 
to learn more about the invalid transport. 
The train arrived here early in the morning. 
While standing by the station, awaiting ar- 
rangements to take the train in two sec- 
tions to the wharf, one could see these poor 
cripples getting themselves in readiness to 
be transferred from the train to the boat. 
In their maimed condition they would help 
each other as best they could. The nurses 
passed through the train to give good-bye 
to these wounded men, who for three days 
had been under their care. One can im- 
agine how thankful, the soldiers were for 
their loving ministration. Each soldier was 


The Missionary Visitor 


MK> I; fftiii fff |s 



?"§> \'^*'«*» 

The Potter's Field, Tralleborg, Sweden. 

In this cemetery forty-one prisoners of war who were being sent to their 
homeland have found a resting place. The greater number of these were 

decorated with a small Swedish flag. As 
much as one could see all were seemingly 
happy with the thought that soon they 
would be home again in the country for 
which they bravely fought and offered one 
or two arms, or both lower limbs, an eye, 
or received some other wound. The great- 
er source of joy was no doubt that of soon 
meeting their loved ones. But what a meet- 
ing that will be! A father or son leaving 
home in perfect health, after a year or two 
of hardship and suffering returning maimed 
and ruined for life — all this to feed the god 
of war. 

Not a few leave the war prisons with the 
happy thought of returning home, but the 
journey happens to be too much for them 
and they are obliged to answer the death 
roll on the way. Forty-one of those who 
answered the call while on their way have 
been interred in Tralleborg. The accom- 
panying cut is the potter's field in a sepa- 
rate corner in the cemetery in Tralleborg. 
Here lie the remains of Russians, Germans, 
and Austrians. The latter are in the ma- 
jority. A wooden cross marks their resting 
places. The writer would very much have 
liked to take a picture of the invalids while 
being transferred from the train to the boat, 
but the officers who were guarding the place 
tjid not allow this, 

A number become insane on the trip and 
are taken to asylums along the way. A few 
weeks ago one was taken to the hospital 
here in Malmo to receive an artificial chin. 
He was a Russian. We have not heard 
particulars concerning this case. These are 
the results of brutal warfare. When will 
the day come when nations shall learn war 
no more, and when righteousness shall pre- 
vail and peace be to all mankind? 

Malmo, Sweden, Nov. 13. 


In Africa girl babies are welcomed, we 
are told. Two good reasons given are that 
they come- in handy for servants' duties 
and that they bring a good price later 
when sold to the men who want to marry 

When the baby is two or three days old 
it is tied on the back of its mother or an 
older sister, perhaps — the little legs spread 
apart so the feet will reach around the 
hips of the one carrying it. 

The children are not supposed to need 
clothing until they are three or four 
years old; then a small piece of cloth is 

Twins in Africa are treated as one. If 
one baby is ill, both are given medicine. 
If one receives a gift, the other twin gets 
one too, at the same time. — Lutheran Boys 
and Girls. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Ruth Royer 

THE Twelfth Annual Student Mission- 
ary Conference of the Eastern Union 
of Student Volunteers was held at 
Princeton, N. J., Dec. 1, 2 and 3, 1916. There 
were present three hundred delegates rep- 
resenting different colleges and universi- 
ties. The watchword of the volunteers is 
"The evangelization of the world in this 
generation." The purpose was to inspire 
men and women to volunteer for the foreign 
field; to instill into the minds and hearts of 
the delegates the missionary spirit, that 
they, on returning to their colleges, might 
impart to their fellow students the good re- 
ceived from the convention and be leaders 
along missionary lines there. 

Most of the speakers were men and wo- 
men directly from the foreign fields, who 
knew the conditions and needs of their fields. 
They were filled with the Spirit of Christ 
and showed a deep zeal for their work. 

The problem emphasized by each speaker 
was the greatness of the field and the need 
for trained workers. In United States men 
are seeking for positions, and in getting one 
they displace several others. But this is not 
the condition on the foreign fields. In India, 
among the outcastes alone, there are fifty 
million people who are accessible to the 
Gospel, but there is no way of taking care 
of them because of the lack of workers. 
There is one doctor for one million people 
in China. Compare that with the crowded 
conditions in the medical world at home. In 
Africa no one has taken the place of David 
Livingstone. That means a century has 
passed and nothing has been done in this 
field. At his death the natives loved him 
and were willing to accept his Christ, but 
there has been no one to lead and teach 
them the message of the Savior. What a 
great field there! Many tribes have not a 
written language of their own. Here is a 
great field for translating the Scriptures. 
In South America are eleven millions of 
Indians who have never heard the Gospel. 
This does not include the other three class- 
es of our South American neighbors; name- 
ly, the Protestants, who are not leading 

Christian lives; the Catholics, and the in- 
fidels, men who have studied in Germany 
and England, are well educated but have 
not found the saving power of Christ. 

It is unfair that we should have the bless- 
ings of the knowledge of the Gospel and are 
not willing to share them with our neigh- 
bors in heathen darkness. At this- period in 
the world's history, when Germany and 
England are engaged in war, the United 
States is the only country that can carry 
the Gospel to the heathen nations. She will 
be the only one for many years, for England 
and Germany will be forced to attend to 
affairs connected directly with their own 

There are many lines of work open to 
the missionary. The fundamental work is 
that of evangelization. Christ must be pre- 
sented to these countries in a clear and 
simple way, for it is only through His death 
that these people are saved. Although civi- 
lization and education are very necessary, 
the Gospel comes first. Men are wanted 
who are educated and trained. The intel- 
lectual classes of India, Persia and China 
are interested in the Gospel. They ask 
searching questions, and the missionary must 
be educated, so he may know the truth and 
be respected by these classes. He must 
know his Bible thoroughly, for the intel- 
lectual classes have studied the Christian re- 
ligion from the cold, intellectual side. He 
must have strong convictions, must be clear 
on Christ's death and resurrection. The 
field of education is indeed a broad one. Be- 
cause of the crowded conditions of the 
schools, teachers are needed. Foreigners 
are wanting civilization and education. 

The medical field is a large one. The 
peoples of China, India and Africa know very 
little about medicine. They have strange 
superstitions and customs regarding sick- 
ness. The heathen doctors are men who 
know nothing about the human body. They 
have not contributed anything to medical 
science, because they reverence the human 
body on account of ancestral worship and 
Vfttt not change their customs,, In China 


The Missionary Visitor 


the native doctor has a map of the human 
body, with dots showing where the body 
may be punctured with needles to let out 
the evil spirits. Christian doctors are need- 
ed in China. There is a big opportunity in 
every field for the relief of men, women and 
babies. But no man or woman without 
Christ can spend his life in the midst of this 
suffering and relieve it. 

What does it mean to be a volunteer? It 
means that the person must be filled with 
the Holy Spirit, for if the Spirit of God is 
at work in the heart, men will offer them- 
selves willingly. If one is willing to do the 
will of God, he does not necessarily have to 
be a missionary, but he must be willing to 
go to that place to which the Lord calls 
him. If the individual is willing, the next 
step is that of investigation. He should ask 
himself questions like these: Does my 
family depend on me for support? Am I in 
a position to secure preparation for the 
field? Will my health permit my going? 

Then one must follow his intellectual 
conclusions. When a man fails to follow his 
conscience, from that point he deteriorates 
in spiritual character. The reason for weak- 
ness in our spiritual lives is because we have 
not lived up to our intellectual conclusions. 
We must have clear-cut convictions and 
then live up to them. When we come to 
the conclusion intellectually, then sign the 
card. The person must then prepare for 
missionary work. He must begin a 
thoroughgoing missionary reading of the 
lives and problems of missionaries. He 
must do everything to deepen his purpose 
and to remove obstacles in the way. The 
quality of the missionary is integrity of 
character. He must be able to get along 
with the people with whom he works. 

If we are true Christians we will give 
our lives, our prayers and our money. 
Those who cannot go can offer their prayers 
and money. In prayer we are able to touch 
any person in this big world and change his 
life. What a great power if we only use it 
rightly! It is not the amount of money we 
give, but how we give it and the sacrifice 
made on our part to give, for 
" Not what we give, but what we share, 
For the gift without the giver is bare; 
Who gives himself and his alms feeds three — 
Himself, his hungering neighbor, and me." 

Juniata College. 


Aside from the regular course outlined by 
the Board, two new books may be supplied 
through the Brethren Publishing House, 
Elgin, 111., that would please some students 
of missions who wish to learn more of fields 
not wholly worked and close at home. 

" The South Today," by John M. Moore 

The writer is a southern man, with a 
large survey of his field and a sympathy that 
is broader than race or color, and he has 
written on this broader plane. The range 
of subjects is splendid: I, Facts about the 
South. II, The New Era on the Farm. III. 
Industrial Development. IV, Educational 
Efforts and Achievements. V, The South's 
Human Problems. VI, Social Responsibili- 
ty and Endeavor. VII, Religious Life and 
Protestant Forces. VIII, A Stronger South 
for a Greater Nation. One can not help get- 
ting a larger view of the possibilities of the 
South through the study of this splendid 

Price, 60c, postpaid: Missionary Educa- 
tion Movement, N. Y. 

" South American Neighbors," 
by Homer C. Stuntz 

Our sister continent has never been in 
our eyes as it is today. If in the past North 
America has been indifferent to South 
America's needs, and the finances of Europe 
have developed as well as peopled her land, 
this is no longer true. Commercially the 
States are looking southward for their op- 
portunity. But more than that, God is 
prompting the church to look there for a 
ripe field for the kingdom. We can not be 
idle. The opportunity is ours. 

The table of contents of this splendid 
book promises that a student will learn 
much from its pages. Note the chapters: 
I, The Continent of Tomorrow. II, Glimp- 
ses of Four Centuries. Ill, Some Social 
Factors. IV, The Spirit of the Pioneers. V, 
Present-day Religious Problems. VI, Edu- 
cating a Continent. VII, The Evangelical 
Message and Method. VIII, The Panama 
Congress and the Outlook. 

Price, 60c postpaid: Missionary Education 
Movement, N. Y. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Roy Frantz 

Feb. 11-17. — ANKLESVAR, INDIA. Re- 
quests furnished by Bro. Stover: 

Pray, That great numbers of the Hill tribe 
of Bhils, and those living in the village of 
Kharod, may speedily be drawn to the 

That the graduates of the Bible School, at 
the beginning of this year, may be able to 
enter into a larger field of labor, and that 
their labors may be approved of the Lord. 

That the eight or ten teachers whom the 
mission is sending to Ahmadabad for the 
ensuing year may be filled with the Spirit 
as they continue their preparation for fur- 
ther teaching. 

That all of our Boarding and Bible schools 
may prove a blessing and help to the 
evangelistic work of the church. 

That the fishermen may find their Savior, 
and that even the illiterate villagers may 
be kept from the curse of drink and hea- 
then customs. 

That the two young brethren who are in 
the Wilson College in Bombay may be- 
come a power for good. 

Feb. 18-24.— DAHANU, INDIA. Interest- 
ing Facts Concerning Dahanu: 

County contains 133 villages having a popu- 
lation of 70,000. The people are .fisher- 
men and farmers, being practically il- 
literate. Pray that these people may be 

The different departments and their work: 
In the evangelistic field, six men have 
been faithfully spreading the Gospel by 
preaching and teaching. Thank the Lord 
ior the conversion of several Bhils and 
•a bright outlook for many more. 

The colporteurs have done a wonderful 
work in distributing 1,730 Scriptures 
among the poor and rich alike. Many 
■trains were met and the literature handed 
-to the passengers. Pray for these brief 
sermons and the readers. 

^Nineteen village schools is the record of the 
educational department. These schools 
"have had an average total attendance of 
282, thereby bringing the light of an edu- 
cation into the lives of many individuals. 
Pray for these schools. 

Ten Sunday-schools with a large enroll- 
ment and much enthusiasm have done 
much toward helping the children to 
learn of their Jesus. Pray that the seed 
sown may bear abundant fruitage. 

Pray for the medical work at this place, 
which has been steadily growing under 
the direction of Bro. Adam Eby and Dr. 
Barbara Nickey. 

Feb. 25-March 3.— AHWA, INDIA. Re- 
quests furnished by Bro. Pittenger. 

Pray, That in spite of the evils of the caste 
system and the difficulties of various lan- 
guages, our brethren may be united in 
thought and purpose in the service of our 
Lord Jesus Christ. 

For the creation of the right attitude and 
spirit in the hearts and lives of those who 
come from other missions to help us in 
the Lord's work. 

Earnestly for those native Christian work- 
ers who work alone day by day in the 

That the Gospel may be presented simply 
and effectively to the unsaved. 

March 4-10.— VYARA, INDIA. Requests 
furnished by Bro. Long: 

Let the home constituency pray — 

1. That our teachers and workers may be 
more consecrated. 

2. That we may be able to purchase some 
much-needed land in order to make our 
boarding schools more efficient Industrie 

3. That our day and Sunday-schools in the 
villages may be better attended and bet- 
ter taught. 

.4. That the village Christians may show 
more of the spirit of worship and devo- 
tion and zeal for their new-found Savior, 
and that they may become more mission- 
ary in their hearts. 

5. For our special evangelistic effort among 
the villages this winter, that we may be 
able to raise some arderit volunteers here 
for some needed help at that time. 

6. Praise the Lord for the baptisms here 
during this last year. There have been 

about fifty. 


The Missionary Visitor 




The $26.45 under World-Wide, credited in the 
June, 1916, Visitor, to Pleasant View Sunday- 
school, Northwestern Kansas, should not appear 
in the report as the amount was meant for the 
District Board instead of for the General Board. 

In the October, 1916, Visitor, the $18.34 under 
World-Wide, credited to Mrs. Mary Finfrock, 
Southwestern Kansas, should not appear in the 
report as the amount "was meant for the District 

In the January, 1917, Visitor, the $8.43 under 
World-Wide, credited to Manchester congrega- 
tion, Middle Indiana, should not appear in the 
report as the amount was meant for the District 
Board. The total of these amounts refunded, 
$53.22, will decrease the total of the World-Wide 
by that amount. 

During the month of December the General 
Mission Board sent out 46,345 pages of tracts. 

During the month of December the Board re- 
ceived the following donations to her funds: 


Pennsylvania — $868.82. 

Western District, Congregations. 

Manor, $34.75; Pittsburgh, $28.71; 
Georges Creek, $10; Maple Spring. Que- 
mahoning, $37.06; Montgomery, $11.37; 
Shade Creek, $20; Morrellville, $14; Rum- 
mel, $20; Summit, Brothers Valley, $5.75; 
Jacobs Creek, $10; Indian Creek, $5; 

Greensburg, $5.57, $ 202 21 


Middle Creek, $7.91; Rummel Primasy, 

$2.81, 10 72 

Aid Society. 

Rummel 10 00 

Christian Workers. 

Rockton, 100 


M. J. Brougher. $5; Alice Smith, $1; 
D. F. Lepley, $30; Joel Gnagey, $3; 
W. H. Koontz, $5; D. R. Berkey (mar- 
riage notices), $1; W. J. Hamilton, 
$3.80; Mr. and Mrs. O. W. Stine, $2; 
A. J. Beeghly (marriage notice). 50 
cents; Joe Shelbach and wife $2; Her- 
man Rummel, $5; Mrs. Philip Yates, 
Jacobs Creek, $1; Silas Hoover (mar- 
riage notice), 50 cents; John R. Berg 
and wife, $2; Wilson Judy, $1; W. G. 
Schrock (marriage notices), $1; Lydia 

Umbel, $1 64 80 

Middle District. Congregations. 

Spring Run, $50; Dunnings Creek. $6; 
Martinsburg, Clover Creek. $11.30; 
Queen, Claar, $6; Lewistown, $6.23; 

Claar, $3.75 83 28 


Dan'l B. Replogle. $2.60: Tho's. Harden 
and Familv. $1; E. B. Hoover. $1; T. 
T. Myers, $1.50: Mary A. Kinsey, $9; 
T. B. Landis. $1; Geo. W. Replogle, $2; 
Marietta Brown, $3; Geo. S. Myers, $1; 

John R. Stayer. $3 25 10 

Eastern District. Congregations. 

Big Swatara. $62; Indian Creek. $48.- 
18: Chioues. $32.55: West Green Tree, 

$20 ; Mechanic Grove, $4, 166 73 


H. H. Royer. $10; A. M. Kuhns. $3; 
Kate Merkey. $2; P. C. Geib. $1; I. W. 
Taylor (marriage notice), 50 cents; Hen- 
ry R. Gibbel. $3.60 20 10 

Southern District. Congregations. 

Codorus, $83.28: Pleasant Hill. $38.15; 
Marsh Creek, $17.37: Hanover, $2; Cham- 
bersburg. $10: Upper Conewago, $49.46; 

Back Creek, $30, 230 26 


Beaver Creek, 2 00 

Christian Workers. 

York, $ 5 37 


John H. Smith, $2; Clayton Lehigh, 
$1; Chas. C. Brown, $10; D. E. Brown, 
$10; Ellen S. Strawser, $1; H. J. Shal- 
lenberger, $5; J. R. Davis, $10; J. H. 
Keller (marriage notice), 50 cents; A 

Sister, Perry, $1.75, 41 25 

Southeastern District, Individuals. 

Mr. and Mrs. A. R. Coffman, $2; Lizzie 

Lerew, $1 ; Jos. Fitzwater, $3, 6 00 

Ohio— $857.65. 

Northwestern District, Congregations. 

Sugar Creek, $83.23; Logan, $41.70; 
Eagle Creek, $51.03; Fostoria. $5.94; Lick 
Creek, $19.35; Blanchard, $9; Richland, 
$15.35; Silver Creek, $34.84; Baker, 
$21.71; Continental, Blanchard, $1.48; 

Greenspring, $13.22 296 85 

Aid Society. 

Eagle Creek, 5 00 


Lydia Dickey, $1.50; J. R. Spacht, 
$12; Lydia Fried, Lick Creek, $13; A 

sister, $2.60, 29 10 

Northeastern District, Congregations. 

Wooster, $32.20; Zion Hill, $16; Beech 
Grove, Chippewa, $7.91; Maple Grove, 
$24.60; Springfield, $7.45; Sugar Creek, 
$13.05 ; Danville, $21 122 21 

Mary Brubaker's Class, Wooster, ... 7 00 


Sarah A. Dupler, $10.38; D. R. McFad- 
den (marriage notice), 50 cents; Milton 
Pontius and wife, $2; John Dupler, 
$1.20; Wm. Domer, $5; Catherine Lan- 
dis, $3; Mary A. Shroyer, $3; Hannah 
Leasor, $1; Fred Burtoft. $2; Maggie 
Burtoft. $2; Robert Hershberger, $1; 
Anna Brumbaugh, $5; E. Hauenstein, 

10 cents, 36 18 

Southern District. Congregation's. 

Bear Creek, $55.25; Poplar Grove, 
$35.17; Oakland, $9.60; Marble Furnace, 
$2.25; Palestine, $5.25; Painter Creek, 
$5.85; New Carlisle, $27.40; Strait Creek 
Valley, $2.30; Prices Creek. $20; Donnels 
Creek, $19.15; Lower Stillwater, $13.10; 
Beech Grove, $7.92 ; Ft. McKinley, $10.20 ; 
Lower Miami, $14.39; West Milton, 
$11.21; Middle District, $13.85; Eversole, 
$7.48; Salem, $15.90; Sidney, $5; Spring- 
field Mission. $7.25 288 52 


Bethel. Salem, 10 51 

Etta Helman's Class, Laramie 5 32 


Lou R. Frantz, $2; John H. Rine- 
hart, $1.20; D. F. Warner (marriage no- 
tice), 50 cents: John O. Warner, $1.20; 
Henry Baker, $1: "A. E. S. and C. M. S." 
$20; Amanda Schneck, $1.56; Jane Miller. 
$15; Eli Niswonger, $1.20; Mary West, 
$1; Katie Beath, $1; Harvey M. Stoner, 
$5; Mr. and Mrs. Ora Stover, $5; Ella 

Shafer, $1.30, 56 96 

Indiana — $833.39. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

New Salem, $33.46; Union Center, $22.- 
78; First South Bend. $13.04; English 
Prairie, $12.94: Blue River, $25.80; Mid- 
dlebury, $12.61; Shipshewana, $12.85; 
Pleasant Hill, $7.61; Pleasant Vallev, 
$5.35; Wakarusa. $24.75; Salem, $5.35; 
Bethel. $15.50; Pleasant View Chapel, 
$3.78; Turkey Creek. $13.25: North Lib- 
erty, $17.81; Blissville, $9.90; Elkhart 

Valley, $6.03, 242 81 


First South Bend 17 86 

Infant Class, Portage 1 00 


E. W. Bowers, $1; Anna Peterson, 


The Missionary Visitor 


$1.40; Eliza Alexander, $1.20; Emma Hi- 
land, $1.20; J. W. Grater (marriage no- 
tice), 50 cents; David Whitmer, $6; Mary 
E. Early, $5; Amanda Hoover, $1; Jacob 
B.' Neff, $5; Mrs. Jas. Rothenberger, 
$5.60; E. L. Kennedy, $2.40; Sister E. L. 
Kennedy, $1.80; Esther Kennedy, 60 
cents; Ruth Kennedy, 60 cents; Mary 
Kennedy, 60 cents; Isaac L. Berkey, SI; 
Thos. Cripe, $25; Arley Body, $3; Owen 
L. Harley (marriage notice), 50 cents; 

A sister, Wawaka, $1, $ 64 40 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Manchester, $70.44; Loon Creek, $45; 
Pipe Creek, $18; West Manchester, $16.- 
30; Somerset, $9.63; Salamonie, $21.26; 
West Eel River, $11.88; Beaver Creek, 

$4.12, 196 63 


Burnetts Creek, 11 ol 

Class No. 10, Salamonie 5 00 


Frank Fisher, $2; Ellis H. Wagoner 
(marriage notice), 50 cents; C. I. Myer, 
$1; Trude Mishler, 45 cents; Jennie 
Connell, 45 cents; Otho Winger (mar- 
riage notice), 50 cents; Andrew Fouts, 
$1; Mrs. W. B. Dailey, $1; I. C. Snavely 
(marriage notice), 50 cents; Lottie E. 
Hummel, $1 ; Isaac L. Shultz, $1.20 ; Lu- 
cinda Humberd, $1.50; Dan'l Karn, 
$2.50; Emma Fair, 50 cents; Walter 

Balsbaugh, $5 ; M. E. Miller, $1, 20 10 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Nettle Creek, 45 ; Four Mile, $28.63 ; In- 
dianapolis, $17.75; Buck Creek, 8.19; 
Howard, $12.51; Arcadia, $7.15; White, 
$11; Anderson, $2; Union Grove, Missis- 

sinewa, $39 ; Pyrmont, $32.25, 203 48 


Anderson, 15 00 


Austin Himes, $25; Myrtle Turner, 
$3; B. F. Shill, $1; Levi S. Dilling, $1; 
Jas. A. Byer and wife, $5 ; Geo. L. Stude- 
baker and wife, $10; Jacob Mitchel, $2; 
Catherine Bowman, $1; Wm. Stout, $5; 
John W. Root (marriage notice), 50 

cents ; In Jesus' Name, $2, 55 50 

Illinois— $750.34. 

Franklin Grove, $248.80; Shannon, $56.- 
50; Lanark, $66.63; Rockford, $10; 
Bethany, Chicago, $16.17; Elgin, $25.33; 
Hickory Grove, $6; Milledgeville, $20.20; 

Polo, $13.50 ; Sterling, $28, 491 13 


W. R. Bratton, $5; Elia's Weigle, 
$5; Mary C. Fisher, $5; Dan'l Barrick, 
50 cents; J. A. Royer, $1; I. D. Heck- 
man (marriage notice), 50 cents; S. S. 
Plum (marriage notice) 50 cents; Wm. 
Wingerd, $12; Galen B. Royer, $1.40; 
Wm. E. West, $5; David W. Barkman, 
$1.50; Levi S. Shively, $5; Jennie Har- 
ley, $1.20; Sarah E. Farringer, 20 cents; 
Reuben J. Farringer, 20 cents; Lila C. 
Brubaker, 50 cents; Ezra Flory, $1; Jno. 
C. Lampin, $5; D. C. McGonigh, $2.50; 
Wm. R. Thomas, $1; P. R. Keltner 
(marriage notice), 50 cents; A. C. Wie- 
and (marriage notice), 50 cents; Ira P* 

Eby, $5 60 00 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Girard, $42.41; Virden, $40.10; Wood- 
land and Astoria, $26.78; Okaw, $25; 
Coal Creek, $8.96; Sugar Creek, $19.80; 

Oakley, $16.42 179 47 


Mrs. Paul Rhoades, 70 cents; Laura 
and Eugenia Deakins, $1.04; Alta C. Eik- 
enberry, $2.50; Isaac Eikenberry, $2.50; 
Elizabeth Henricks, $5; Mrs. B. S. Kin- 
dig, $5; Bettie Barnhart, $1; Lizzie G. 
Hummer, $1 ; Christenia Bainter, $1, 19 74 

California— $620.76. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Empire, $66.10; Chico, $12.15; McFar- 
land, $31.90; Fresno, $11.40; Reedley, 

$31; Kerman, $7.25; Butte Valley, $34.- 

84; Live Oak, $8.50; Lindsay, $27.37, ...$ 230 51 


Martin H. Miller (marriage notice), 50 
cents; Michael Blocher (marriage no- 
tice), 50 cents; L. Q. Custer and wife, 
$5; D. S. Musselman, $1.05; Ira Stude- 

baker, $2 ; D. Earl Brubaker, $1, 10 05 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Lordsburg, $156.68; Santee, $7.51; In- 
glewood, $10; Pasadena, $47.81; Long 

Beach, $11.20; Covina, $53, 286 20 

Christian Workers. 

Pasadena, Inglewood, East and South 
Los Angeles and Long Beach, 24 50 

Sunshine Band 1 00 


Daisy B. Evans, $9; Ira G. Cripe, $5; 
S. Bock, $21; David Blickenstaff, $5; 
Elizabeth B. Minnich, $3; Mrs. Lizzie 
R. Pugh (marriage notice), 50 cents; 
Elizabeth Weirich, $5; C. W. Guthrie, 

$20, ".. 68 50 

Virginia— $583.66. 

First District, Congregations. 

Troutville, $18.92 ; Bethel, $6.80, 25 72 


B. W. Wimmer, $10; G. A. Moomaw, 
$3; R. L. and Nancy Suit, Rowland 

Creek, $2.50, 15 50 

Second District, Congregations. 

Sangerville, $32.92; Lebanon, $18.02; 
Elk Run, $11.85; Valley Bethel, $8.16; 
Middle River, $2; Summit, $13; Barren 
Ridge, $16.30; Pleasant Valley, $28.32, 130 57 

S. I. Stoner, $3; D. C. Cline, $1; Lucy 
E. Evers, 25 cents; Martha F. Evers, 25 
cents; Mary R. Evers, 25 cents; J. S. 
Wright, 25 cents; Mary S. Zimmerman, 
$2.50; Jane A. Zimmerman, $2.50; Jas. 
R. Shipman, $1.50; John S. Garber, $1; 
D. S. Thomas, $2 ; Noah A. and Lydia A. 
Evers, $1; Fannie A. Wampler, $1.10; 
Barbara A. Wampler, $1.10; Bessie V. 
Wampler, $1.10; Ira L. and Cora V. 
Garber, $5; S. N. Wine, 50 cents; F. W. 
Cupp, 50 cents; Chas. H. Wampler. $1; 
Salome A. Gochenour, $1; Jno. S. Flory, 
$1.50; A. B. Glick, 50 cents; Jacob Zim- 
merman, $5; M. D. Hess, 25 cents; S. 

I. Stoner, 70 cents, 34 75 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Mill Creek, $70; Greenmount. $41.96; 
Cooks Creek, $33.50; Valley, Pike, $4; 
Cedar Grove, Flat Rock, $30.12; Unity, 

$17.66 ; Mountain Grove, $1.85 199 09 


Bettie F. Lamb, $2; Susanna Flory, 50 . 
cents; J. N. and Nettie E. Smith, $1; 
O. D. Simmons, $5; J. S. Roller (mar- 
riage notices), $1; L. S. Miller, 50 cents; 
John H. Kline, $5; E. P. Bowman, $1; 
Catherine Wampler, $3; Hugh A. Mowry, 
$1; D. W. Wampler, $2; B. W. Neff, $5; 
Ida Grove, $10; Mary M. Showalter, $2; 
Benj. Cline, 50 cents; A brother and sis- 
ter, Unity, $50 89 50 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Germantown, $20; White Rock, $1.65; 
Tooeco, $5.05 ; Antioch, $13.70 ; Pleasant 

Hill, $4.65 ; Red Oak Grove, $10.05, 55 10 


W. A. Rux, $1.50; Sarah J. Hylton, 

$1, 2 50 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Manassas, $11.63; Midland, $10.70; Lo- 
cust Grove, $3.60; Fairfax, $5, 30 93 

Maryland — S509.35. 

Western District, Congregations. 

Maple Grove, $10.87; Oakland, $9.50,... 20 37 

J. E. Walls (marriage notice), 50 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Pleasant View, $91 ; Brownsville, 
$21.10 ; Manor, $38.02 ; Broadfording, $57.- 
33; Welsh Run, $51.63; Beaver Creek, 

$34 293 08 



The Missionary Visitor 


D. B. Fouch, $1; Mary L. Stouffer, 

$2.50; Barbara E. Stouffer, $2.50, $ 6 00 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Pipe Creek, $80; Bush Creek, $35.37; 
Rocky Ridge, $14.60; Piney Creek, $10; 
Washington, D. C, $10.20; Beaver Dam, 
$12; Greenwood-Denton, $9.68; Denton, 

$10.55, 182 40 


W. E. Buntain, Wash., D. C. (mar- 
riage notice), 50 cents; W. P. Englar 
(marriage notice), 50 cents; Jesse John- 
son, $2; Sadie Wingard, $3; Mrs. D. A. 

Ebaugh, Meadow Branch, $1, 7 00 

Iowa— £407.06. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Sheldon, $30; Curlew, $8.50; Franklin 

County, $6.83 45 33 


Green, 21 19 


Elizabeth Albright, $5; C. A. Shook, 
$2; David Brallier and family, Curlew, 
$10; Edward Zapf, $5; Mary and Tete 

Zapf, $2 ; Cornelius Frederick, $4, 28 00 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Des Moines Valley, $27.80; Cedar, $20.- 
07; Cedar Rapids, $16.30; Indian Creek, 
$6.53; Garrison, $20; Panther Creek, 

$56.44 ; Muscatine, $2.62 149 76 


Panther Creek 13 03 

Sisters' Bible Class, Dallas Center,.. 13 72 

A. M. Stutsman, $2; Leander Smith, 
$2; Dan'l Fry, $3; John Zuck (marriage 
notice), 50 cents; D. W. and Jennie B. 
Miller, $5; E. L. West, $1; Elizabeth 
Fahrney, $2.50; Martin Suck, $1; W. H. 
Blough, 50 cents; A. E. West, $5; Vinton 
Artz, 50 cents; S. & Agnes Schlotman, 

$10, 33 03 

Southern District, Congregations. 

South Keokuk, $23.79; English River, 
$20.19; Fairview, $12.78; Liberty ville, 
$28.70, .^ 85 46 

Sunshine Class, Libertyville, 3 81 


G. W. Beer, $5; Eliza R. Wolfe, $7.50; 

W. G. Caskey, $1.20 13 70 

Kansas— $371.97. 

Northwestern District, Congregations. 

Quinter, $88.81 ; Maple Grove, $11 ; Burr 
Oak, $7; Belleville, $20.02; Pleasant 

View, $15.24, 142 07 


Pleasant View, 1 61 


Geo. R. Eller (marriage notice), 50 

cents ; Isaac B. Garst, $1, 1 50 

Northeastern District, Congregations. 

Appanoose. $27.91; Overbrook. $22; 
Sabetha, $9.15; Olathe, $10.67; Abilene, 
$21.77; Morrill, $24.44; Richland Center, 

$19.45, 135 39 

Southwestern District, Congregations. 

Kansas Center, $26.35; Salem. $12.28; 
Garden City, $9.24; Bloom, $16; Conway 
Springs, $V 70 87 

Beacon Light Class, East Side Wichita, 1 00 


A 'sister, 5 00 

Southeastern District, Congregations. 

Mont Ida, $8.35; Osage, $5.68 14 03 


Ralph W. Quakenbush (marriage no- 
tice), 50 

West Virginia— $319.87. 

First District, Congregations. 

Harman, $76; Sandy Creek, $57.15; 
Greenland, Oakdale, $5; Knobley, $5; 
Maple Spring, German Settlement, $122.- 

77 ; White Pine, $3, 268 92 


Lime Rock, German Settlement 7 50 


Eliza Hilkey, $15; B. F. Wratchford, 
$5; L. D. Caldwell, $4; Unknown, $2; 
Lillie C. Moose, $1 27 00 

Second District, Congregation. 

Pleasant Valley, $ 16 45 

Missouri— $304.48. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Wakenda, $78.05; Rockingham, $63.38; 
Smith Fork, $40.02; Pleasant View, 

$10.60, 192 05 


John C. Van Trump. $5; John H. Ma- 
son, $3; Emma Schildknecht, $2; A sis- 
ter, $5 15 00 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Prairie View, $27.85; Mound, $15.93; 

Mound Valley, $5, 48 78 


David Holsopple, $15; Individuals, $5; 
John M. Mohler, $6.80; A. Wampler, 
$1.25; W. B. Maxwell, $1; Mary M. COx, 

50 cents 29 55 

Southern District. Congregations. 

Peace Valley, $4.10; Oak Grove, $1.50, 5 60 


C. Cline, $10; Earl Harvey, $2.50; Anna 

Umphlet, $1 13 50 

North Dakota— $169.89. 

Berthold, $45; Ellison, $20; Carrington, 
$14.85; Williston. $14; Minot. $10.25; Sur- 
rey, $8; York, $7.54; Brumbaugh, $7.37; 
Pleasant Valley, $2.45; James River, 

$2.43 131 89 


Cando 17 00 


Nelson Hill. $8.50 ; J. M. Fike, $3 ; Hen- 
ry Kile, $5; Elizabeth Kile, $3; Anna M. 
Miller, $1; D. F. Landis (marriage no- 
tice) , 50 cents, 21 00 

Nebraska— $142.19. 

Bethel, $56.64; South Beatrice, $27.65; 
Arcadia, $4.38: Kearney. $17.61; Falls 
City, $10.25; Octavia, $7.15; Juniata, 

$4.50 ; Af ton, $11.01, 139 19 


Wm. and Ruth McGaffey, South Be- 
atrice, $2; Wm. McGaffey, South Be- 
atrice, $1, 3 00 

Minnesota — $116.56. 

Root River, $63.40; Worthington. $11.- 
25; Deer Park. $7.56; Monticello, $7.10; 

Morrill, $7.25 : Minneapolis, $20 116 56 

Washington— $88.45. 

North Yakima. $23; Outlook, $6.20; 
Sunnyslope, $15.80 45 00 

Cheerful Workers' Class, Sunny Slope, 12 80 

Mary and Menzo A. Verbeck, $25; 

Individuals. Sunny Slope, $5.65, 30 65 

Michigan— $87.02. 

Woodland Village, $11.13: Crystal 
$9.21; Shepherd. $9; Hart, $4; Sugar 
Ridge, $10.56; Harlan, $8.75; Thornapple, 

$23.72, 76 37 


Thornapple, 2 65 


C. H. Deardorff (marriage notices), $1; 
Harmon Towns. $1 ; Mrs. J. S. Meyer- 

hoeffer, $1 : A sister, $5, 8 00 

Montana— $85.20. 

Fairview, Milk River, 85 20 

Colorado— $81.61. 

Western District, Congregations. 

Fruita, $20.26; First Grand Valley, 

$11.45 31 71 

Northeastern District, Congregations. 

Sterling, $15; Colorado City, $3.15; An- 

tioch. $7 25 15 


Blanche A. Long, $10: D. W. and Min- 
nie Correll, Antioch, $1 11 00 

Southeastern District, Congregation. 

McClave 13 75 


The Missionary Visitor 


Oregon. — $63.15. 

Myrtle Point, $41.40; Ashland, $12.70; 

Weston, $7.05 $ 61 15 


A. E. Troyer, Weston 2 00 

Tennessee — $58.27. 

Meadow Branch, $23.71; Knob Creek, 

$7 ; New Hope, $7.56 38 27 


A brother ' 20 00 

Idaho— $35.37. 

Nampa, $11.22; Clearwater, $9.40; 

Weiser, $6.25 ; Moscow, $5.50, 32 37 


Flossie Troxel, $1; Lizzie Greene, $2, 3 00 

Texas — $39.65. 

Manvel, $16.65 ; Nocona, $3 19 65 


J. H. Brillhart 10 00 

Louisiana— $23.15. 

Roanoke, 23 15 

North Carolina — $22.10. 

Mill Creek, $11; Melvin Hill, $9; Pleas- 
ant Grove, $2.10 22 10 

Canada — $17.80. 
Western District. 

Junior Class, Battle Creek 15 80 


Louisa and Elmer Shaw, 2 00 

South Dakota— $16.75. 

Willow Creek 14 75 


Mrs. J. W. Kirkendall 2 00 

Oklahoma — $15.20. 

Thomas, 1 00 


Catharine Leer, $5; Marshall and Mil- 
ton Ennis, $2; Mrs. E. J. Garber, $6; 

Wm. P. Bosserman, $1.20 14 20 

South Carolina — $5.00. 

Brooklyn, 5 00 

Alabama — $4.05. 

Oneonta, 2 05 


E. J. Neher and wife, 2 00 

Arizona— $2.00. 

L. E. Keltner 2 00 

Arkansas— $1.50. 

Bodcaw, 1 50 

Wisconsin — $1.30. 

L. T. Vine, 1 30 

New Jersey— $1.00. 

A Sister, 1 00 

.Florida— $0.25. 

Mrs. A. Buck, 25 

Unknown— $0.20. 20 

Total for the month, $ 7,495 01 

Previously received, 31,189 47 

For the year so far $38,684 48 

Idaho-$91.55. INDIA MISSION 


Nezperce, $ 91 55 

Pennsylvania — $35.86. 

Western District, Congregation. 

Red Bank 15 00 

Christian Workers. 

Montgomery 86 

Eastern District. 

P. M. Habecker's Class, Mechanic 

Grove, 20 00 

Oregon — $28.29. 

Mohawk Valley, $17.77; Bandon, $5.52, 23 29 


J. L. Lewellin $ 5 00 

Maryland — $11.00. 

Western District, Congregation. 

Maple Grove, 10 00 


Mrs. Hurley U. Miller, 1 00 

Illinois— $4.50. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon, 3 00 


Elgin, 1 50 

West Virginia— $3.00. 

First District, Congregation. 

Allegheny, 3 00 

Indiana — $2.50. 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Summitville 2 50 

Ohio— $1.00. 

Northeastern District, Individual. 

Maria Zellner, 1 00 

Iowa — $0.50. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Moses Deardorff (marriage notice),.. 50 

Total for the month $ 178 20 

Previously received 640 22 

For the year so far $ 818 42 

Pennsylvania — $136.50. 
Western District. 

Truth Seekers' Class, Elk Lick $ 5 00 


F. A. Maust and wife, $10; Sallie E. 

Lichty, $5, 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Maiden Creek, 


Indian Creek, 

Aid Society. 


Southern District, Sunday-school. 

East York 


Nora S. Sausman, 

Southeastern District, Individual. 

Amanda Cassel, 

Indiana — $73.00. 

Middle District, Classes. 

Young Ladies' Bible Class, Burnett's 
Creek, $40; Y. M. P. Class, Salamonie, 



David Clarence Wolf, 

Nebraska— $20.00. 


Ohio— $10.00. 

Northeastern District, Individual. 

A sister, East Nimishillen, 

Illinois— $5.75. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Shannon, $4.50 ; Elgin, $1, 5 50 


Elgin, ;. 25 

Virginia— $2.00. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

S. H. Hausenfiuck and wife, 2 00 

Iowa — $0.50. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Moses Deardorff (marriage notice), ... 50 

Total for the month, $ 247 75 

Previously received 1,796 69 

For the year so far, $ 2,044 44 


Virginia— $25.00. 

Northern District. 

Earnest Workers, Mill Creek, $ 25 00 

Kansas — $22.50. 

Southwestern District, Sunday-school. 

Wichita, 12 50 

Southeastern District, Christian Workers. 

Independence, 10 00 

Indiana— $8.44. 

Northern District, Christian Workers 


The Missionary Visitor 


Turkey Creek $ 6 25 

Primary Class, English Prairie 2 19 

Total for the month, $ 55 94 

Previously received 967 51 

For the year so far, $ 1.923 45 


Illinois— $2.00. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon, $ 2 00 

Virginia— $2.00. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

S. H. Hausenfluck and wife 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 4 00 

Previously received, 121 00 

For the year so far, ? 125 00 


Illinois— $12.00. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon, $ 12 00 

Virginia— $5.20. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

S. H. Hausenfluck and wife, 2 00 

Second District, Congregation. 

Chimney Run, 3 20 

Indiana— $4.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Mrs. Blanche GoGhenour 4 00 

Pennsylvania— $2 .00. 
Western District, Individual. 

Melita Ripple, Montgomery 2 00 

Ohio— $1.00. 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Stonelick $ 100 

Total for the month $ 24 20 

Previously received, 320 79 

For the year so far, $ 344 99 


Ohio— $40.00. 

Northwestern District, Aid Society. 

Eagle Creek $ 5 00 

Northeastern District, Aid Society. 

Wooster 25 00 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Greenville 10 00 

Indiana — $40.00. 

Middle District, Aid Society. 

West Manchester 15 00 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Buck Creek 25 00 

Montana — $25.00. 
Aid Society. 

Grand View 25 00 

Virginia— $25.00. 

First District, Aid Society. 

Daleville 25 00 

Missouri— $24.50. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Bethel 12 75 

Aid Society. 

Bethel 10 00 


Mary P. Ellenberger, North Bethel, . . 1 75 

Illinois— $29.30. 
Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Elgin 7 00 

Aid Society. 

Franklin Grove ' 15 00 

Intermediate and Primary Classes, Mil- 

ledgeville, 7 30 

Florida— $15.00. 

Mrs. G. P. Hurst, $10; Sarah G. Felt- 
house, $5, 15 00 

Kansas— $15.00. 

Northeastern District, Aid Society. 

Washington Creek, 5 00 

Southwestern District, Congregation. 

Pleasant View 10 00 

Pennsylvania — $12.50. 

Middle District, Aid Society. 

Leamersville 12 50 

Maryland— $10.00. 

Eastern District, Sunday-school. 

Pipe Creek $ 10 00 

Arizona — $4.00. 

Rain Valley, 4 00 

California — $1.00. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

Raisin City, 1 00 

Total for the month $ 241 30 

Previously received 933 19 

For the year so far, $ 1,174 49 

Iowa — $31.08. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Waterloo City, $ 16 79 

Christian Workers. 

South Waterloo, 5 00 

District Mission Board, 9 29 

Nebraska — $25.00. 

District Mission Board, 25 00 

Total for the month, $ 56 08 

Previously received 85 40 

For the year so far, $ 141 48 

Pennsylvania — $26.10. 

Western District, Congregation. 

Walnut Grove, Johnstown, $ 14 10 


F. A. Maust and wife, $10; John Wells, 

$1 ; Libbie Hollopeter, $1 12 00 

Illinois— $13.50. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon, 12 50 


Elgin, 1 00 

Ohio— $10.05. 

Northeastern District, Individuals. 

Wm. Domer, $5; Jos. H. Snyder and 

wife, $1.30, 6 30 

Southern District. 

Class No. 2, Happy Corner, Lower 

Stillwater 3 75 

Kansas — $10.00. 

Northwestern District, Individual. 

Isaac B. Garst, 5 00 

Southeastern District, Individual. 

Mrs. J. E. Keller, 5 00 

Indiana — $7.50. 
Middle District. 

A friend 5 00 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Summitville, 2 50 

Virginia — $7.20. 

First District, Individuals. 

Bertha F. Thurmond and Children, 

W. Va 2 20 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Burks Fork, 5 00 

Montana— $5.00. 

B. H. Strickler, 5 00 

North Dakota— $5.00. 

Mrs. Henry Getty, 5 00 

Nebraska — $5.00. 

Edna Phillips, 5 00 

Michigan— $3.14. 

Primary, Shepherd, 3 14 

Missouri — $1.50. 
Northern District. 

District Meeting, St. Joseph, 1 50 

Total for the month $ 93 90 

Previously received, 1,242 79 

For the year so far, $ 1,336 78 


Pennsylvania — -$49.50. 

Western District, Individual. 
E. W. Hollopeter $ 100 


The Missionary Visitor 

February ^ 


Eastern District, Congregation. 

Maiden Creek, $ 2 50 

Grater Mission Class, Norristown,. . 1100 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

East York 22 00 

Christian Workers. 

York, 13 00 

Indiana — $35.00. 
Northern District. 

Loyal Class, Middlebury, 10 00 

Middle District, Individual. 

David Clarence Wolf 25 00 

Ohio— $25.28. 
Northeastern District. 
Christian Workers. 

Wooster, $3.25 ; Akron, $7.03 10 28 


A sister, E. Nimishillen, 10 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Brother and Sister John H. Rinehart, 5 00 

California — $15.50. 
Southern District, Christian Workers. 

Pasadena, Inglewood, East and South 

Los Angeles and Long Beach, 15 50 

Iowa— $10.41. 

Middle District, Christian Workers. 

Dallas Center, 10 41 

Illinois— $9.00. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon, 9 00 

Idaho— $2.51. 

Nampa, 2 51 

Virginia— $2.50. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

S. H. Hausenfluck and wife, $2; Frank 

Hausenfluck and wife, 50 cents 2 50 

Missouri— $1.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Earl Harvey, 1 00 

Total for the month $ 150 70 

Previously received, 946 66 

For the year so far, $ 1,097 36 


Iowa — $100.00. 
Middle District, Individual. 

Jos. Newcomer, $ 100 00 

Indiana — $12.00. 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Upper Deer Creek, 5 00 


Essie Smith, 3 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

Mrs. Blanche Gochenour 4 00 

Michigan— $10.00. 

A sister, 10 00 

Pennsylvania — $5.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Blanche E. Arbegast, 5 00 

Virginia— $2.00. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

S. H. Hausenfluck and wife, $ 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 129 00 

Previously received, 519 87 

For the year so far, $ 648 87 

Ohio— $5.00. 

Northwestern District, Aid Society. 
Eagle Creek $ 500 

Total for the month, $ 5 00 

Previously received, 99 80 

For the year so far, 104 80 

Iowa — $6.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

W. H. Hood, $ 6 00 

Ohio— $5.00. 

Northwestern District, Aid Society. 

Eagle Creek, 5 00 

Illinois— $1.00. 
Northern District. 

Congregation, Elgin, $ 100 I 

Total for the month, $ 12 00 : 

Previously received, 110 70 

For the year so far, $ 122 70 i 


Virginia— $605.00. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Greenmount, $ 500 00 3 

Aid Society, Greenmount, , 5 00 ] 


M. H. Myers 100 0Q 

Illinois — $6.00. 
Northern District. 

Class No. 2, Milledgeville, 600 1 

Florida— $5.00. 

G. P. and E. H. Hurst, 5 00 1 

Total for the month, $ 616 00 

Previously received, 656 54 I 

For the year so far, $ 1,272 54 j 


Indiana — $73.50. 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Ora Spitler, $5; Etta Stinebaugh, $3; 
Brother and Sister Otis Hufford, $1, . . . 9 00 1 

Southern District, Individuals. 

John W. Flora, $20; J. W. Cooper, $1; 
Mrs. W. A. Crook, $3; Perry Eikenberry, 
$5; Edna Eikenberry, $2; Mrs. Perry 
Eikenberry, $3; Luther D. Price, $7.50; 
Geo. Lantz, $1; Mary W. Cunningham, 
$2; Everett E. Henry, $10; Alonzo 

Ewing, $5; Sam'l Bechdolt, $5, 64 50 

Ohio— $8.88. 
Northwestern District. 

Endeavor Class, Greenspring 8 88 I 

Total for the month $ 82 38 

Previously received, 1,160 88 

For the year so far, $ 1,243 26 


Pennsylvania— $25.00. 

Middle District. 

A brother, $ 25 00 

Indiana— $1.25. 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Summitville, 1 25 

Total for the month, $ 26 25 

Previously received 22 00 

For the year so far, $ 48 25 

California— $25.15. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

McFarland, $ 25 15 

Indiana — $1.25. 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Summitville, 1 25 

Ohio— $0.50. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Mary West, 50 

Total for the month $ 26 90 

Previously received, 30 70 

For the year so far $ 57 60 


Illinois — $2.00. 

Northern District, Congregation. 
Shannon, $ 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 2 00 

Previously received 12 00 

For the year so far, $ 14 00 

Minnesota— $6.00. 

(Continued on Page 47) 



D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Life Ad- GALEN B. ROYER, Elgin, 111. 

visory Member. OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind. 

H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa. 
J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. 


H. C. EARLY, President. J. H. B. WILLIAMS, Ass't Secretary, and 

OTHO WINGER, Vice President. Editor of Missionary Visitor. 

GALEN B. ROYER, Secretary-Treasurer. 


( Denmark. 

Wine, A. F.. Aagade 26, 2 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 

Wine, Attie C Aagade 26, 2 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 


Buckingham, Ida, Friisgatan No. 2, MalmO, Sweden 

Graybill, J. F Friisgatan No. 2, MalmB, Sweden 

Gray bill, Alice M Friisgatan No. 2, MalmO, Sweden 


Blough, Anna V., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Bright, J. Homer Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Bright, Minnie, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G., Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Cora M., Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Crumpacker, F. H. (on furlough), McPherson, Kans. 

Crumpacker, Anna N. (on furlough) , McPherson, Kans. 

Cripe, Winnie, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Flory, Raymond C, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Flory, Lizzie N., Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Horning, Emma, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Hutchison, Anna, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Metzger, Minerva, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Oberholtzer, I. E., North China Language School, Peking, Chili, China 

Oberholtzer, Elizabeth W., North China Language School, Peking, Chili, China 

Rider, Bessie M., North China Language School, Peking, Chili, China 

Senger, Nettie M., North China Language School, Peking. Chili, China 

Shock, Laura M., Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Vaniman, Ernest D., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Vaniman, Susie C, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Rebecca S., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 


Arnold, S. Ira, Post, Umalla, via Anklesvar, India 

Arnold, Elizabeth Post, Umalla, via Anklesvar, India 

Blough, J. M Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Blough, Anna Z., Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond, Bulsar, Surat Dist., -India 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Ebey, Adam (on furlough) , North Manchester, Indiana 

Ebey, Alice K. (on furlough), North Manchester, Indiana 

Emmert, Jesse B., Jalalpqr, Surat Dist., India 

Emmert, Gertrude R Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Eby, Anna M., Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Garner, H. P Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Garner, Kathryn B., Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida (on furlough) McPherson Hospital, McPherson Kansas 

Hoffert, A, T., Bulsar, Surat Di'st., India 

Holsopple, Q. A Post, Umalla, via Anklesvar India 

Holsopple, Kathren R. (on furlough), Elgin 111 

Kaylor, John I., Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Kaylor, Rosa, Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Lichty, Daniel J Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Lichty, Nora A., Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Long, I. b., Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Long, Erne V., Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

filler, Eliza B Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Miller, Sadie J., Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Mohler, Jennie Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Nickey, Dr. Barbara M Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Pittenger, J. M Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Pittenger, Florence B., Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Powell, Josephine Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Royer, B. Mary Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Ross, A. W., Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Ross, Mrs. A. W Rulsar, Srlrat Dist., India 

Shumaker, Ida C Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Stover, W. B Anklesvar, India 

Stover, Mary E., Anklesvar, India 

Swartz, Goldie, Bulsar, Surat Dist., IndU 

Widdowson, S. Olive, Anklesvar, India 

Ziegler, Kathryn, Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Please Notice— Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction 
thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 


fe DC 

• < 




THESE are days of much 
speculation. Expensive living, 
things once thot luxuries now being 

counted necessities add to the strain of " break- 
ing even " at the end of the year. This strain 
prompts many to take hold of enterprises 
which promise large returns, but which in re- 
ality offer no real security. For a short time 
they receive a good income, then SUDDENLY 
AWAKEN to the fact that the concern en- 
trusted with their savings has failed and they 
have lost all. All over the Brotherhood are 
widows who trusted just such investments and 
today are dependents: there are brethren old 
and unable to produce, who, having lost all, 
must live off the charities of the Church. Now 
THOSE THUS TRUSTED were by no means 
dishonest, nor did they intend to fail. But is it 
not wise to know thoroughly the character of 
the enterprise and not depend simply upon 
the " honesty," and " good intentions " of those 
who are to manage our investments? 

^Before letting YOUR money go it 

Sis best to ask What is There Behind 

the Project? 



»-• DC *-» 

sThe General Mission Board under its Annuity Plan has provided 

3. That you have avoided contesting wills, 
paying heavy inheritance tax. 

4. That your money works for the Lord 
after you have received your reward. 

1. That you get a good income during 
your life time. 

2. That you have made distribution of 
your property according to your wishes 
and know it is done that way. 

Behind this whole proposition, --or the bond given you, --is 


as guarantee, and this sum is safely invested in first mortgages on farm lands alone. 

Hundreds who have taken bonds are pleased, --not one dissatisfied. Can anything be safer, 
better ? 

The Board is glad to give full and free information. Address 

General Mission Board 





(®ur ilissumarg GlljUimt £>£ 


L,ois Catherine and Leah Ruth Ebey, children of Brother and Sister Adam 
Ebey, now on furlough in America. Both were born in India. Lois is 
seven years of age and can speak and write Gujerati and Marathi. little 
Miss Leah, aged two years, speaks some Gujerati, much to the delight of 
her friends in America. 

The Missionary Visitor 




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General Board, either direct or thru any congregational collection, provided the 
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Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscrip- 
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When asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please order paper 
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Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 
Entered as second class matter at the postoffice at Elgin, Illinois. 

Contents for March, 1917 

EDITORIALS, ' . , 65 


The Children of Denmark, By A. F. Wine, , 67 

A Song of Trust (Poem), 69 

The Swedish Baby and Its Early Environment, By Alice M. Graybill,. 70 

School Life, By Ida Buckingham, 71 

Swedish Boys and Girls, By J. F. Graybill, 73 

The Children, By S. Ira Arnold, 74 

Will You Hear the Story of Chatou? By J. M. Pittenger, < 76 

Little Sundra, By B. Mary Royer, ^. 78 

Victress, By Sadie J. Miller, 78 

Some of the Sufferings of Childhood in China, By Fred J. Wampler, 

M. D., • 80 

A Young Bride and Groom, By Susie Vaniman, . 81 

A Letter from Esther to Her Cousins of the Visitor Family, By Esther 

Bright, 83 

From Leland to His Visitor Cousins, By Leland C. Brubaker, 84 

Some Facts About Chinese Boys and Girls, By S. V., 84 

In China, By S. V., 85 

Resting (Poem), By Minnie F. Bright, .86 

China Notes for December, By Winnie E. Cripe, 86 

Weekly Prayer Hour, By Roy Frantz, 90 


Traveling Secretary's Report, By Merlin G. Miller, 87 

Present Volunteer Band Membership, 88 


The Missionary Visitor 

Volume XIX 

MARCH, 1917 

Number 3 

— "t 



Children! Bless their hearts! They are the 
sunshine of the home! Not alone in Amer- 
ica is this true, but in every land their 
laughter and play excite happiness in those 
who hear them. 

Especially is this true among our mis- 
sionaries in every part of the earth. Among 
heathen peoples, far away from home and 
kindred, what happiness cannot be found in 
the prattle of the children about their knee 
and the cooing of the babe upon their 
breast. They are the living sunshine in the 
hearts of earth's bravest peoples. 

And then we wonder if it is not the habit 
of older people in general, and writers and 
editors in particular, to say too little about 
these babies of the foreign fields. We talk 
about responsibilities and great needs and 
opportunities and obligations and victories. 
But we seldom stop in our labors with the 
pen to romp with the babies and play hide 
and seek with the older children. 

That is often the reason, possibly, that 
our minds grow sluggish and the printed 
page grows cumbersome and uninteresting 
to the multitude. We get too old. We fail 
to convey in any sense the rippling mirth 
of childhood, be it in India or China or 
Denmark or Sweden, or anywhere else 
where children play. 

Nevertheless, this arraignment of our- 
selves does not stop the children in their 
play. Nor do they worry particularly over 
our discomfort. They just keep on play- 
ing. Children are children the world over. 
Merriment with them is as necessary and 
inevitable as work is for grown-ups. 

issues of the Visitor and are thinking of our 
children on the field. We have tried to 
bring to you a few of the pictures of the 
children as they are. 

Ever since the Visitor editor was a boy 
he has had great sympathy for children. He 
has liked to see them at their play. He has 
loved to watch them have a good time. 
Even at his expense, tumbling over him, he 
has not considered children exactly out of 
place. And so now, it's all right for the 
children to play their games and bring their 
pets right out in the open on these Visitor 

We suspect, too, that the children some- 
times chase away troubles in the mission- 
ary household. They do in America; and 
often when the clouds of disappointment 
and vexation hang heavy over the mission 
premises nothing but the love of the Father, 
as reflected in the smile and prattle of the 
child, can afford the proper panacea for that 
American disease, the blues. 

This month we are therefore dropping 
something of the gravity of our accustomed 

And then these children of missionary 
households are useful in helping their moth- 
ers teach the heathen mothers. For heathen 
mothers know little about the value of clean- 
liness in caring for their children and even 
less about the proper food for them. Mis- 
sionary children are therefore a constant 
object lesson, yea, a whole school of die- 
tetics in themselves, for the heathen moth- 
ers round about. 

> VK 

The following is all too typical of the way 
children are handled on many of the for- 
eign fields, although of course there are 
many pictures of brighter hue: "A mother 
told me day before yesterday that she had 
disposed of seven of her own daughters. 
She told it with a laugh! She had borne 


The Missionary Visitor 


nine; had given away two, and had drowned 
the other seven in the slop-bucket. 

" When I tried some appeal to conscience 
— to a sense of wrong — it simply was not 

" And the pastor's wife who was with me 
at the time, when I asked her what these 
people do regard a sin, said, 'Why, noth- 
ing! They d'o not think anything is wrong! 
If they carry the idols around twice a year, 
they may do as they like." 

May God help our missionary parents, 
through their love and ministrations, to 
teach their peoples a better way than this. 

Our missionary parents are confronted 
with many problems in the care of their 
children and largest among them is the 
problem of education. How will it be pos- 
sible to rear the children and give them 
the education which they deserve? The 
General Mission Board must assist them in 
the solution of this question. At Liao Chou 
now is a teacher, Sister Laura Shock, who 
is caring for the children there. 

No teacher as yet has been found for the 
missionaries in India. Bro. Stover's eldest 
three children are in America. Brethren 
Pittenger, Ross and Long have sent their 
little girls away to boarding school up 
among the Himalayas, and Master Lloyd 
Emmert has also attended boarding school. 
But the question has not been settled for 
India, and the need has not been adequate- 
ly supplied. We are hoping that the prop- 
er solution is not far distant. 

We have heard the question of education 
discussed by the General Mission Board 
many times in their meetings, and feel sure 
that the Brotherhood will be with the Board 
when the proper solution is presented for 
the great need. ,The Visitor editor hopes 
that schools may be established so that our, 
own children on the field at every station 
can be provided with an education under 
the auspices of our own missions and with 
our own teachers. 

^ m 

The danger of disease to children on the 
field is a constant source of concern to the 
parents. In this country children will 
" catch" things in spite of every precaution. 

Abroad there is much more danger because 
of the ignorance of heathen parents in car- 
ing for their children. Eternal vigilance is 
the price which missionary mothers must 
pay for the health of their babies. 

A number of the children of our mission- - 
aries are now under special support by or- 
ganizations in this country. The larger 
number, however, have not been assigned. 
The cost of support for these children is 
$75 per year until they are 8 years of age 
Thereafter the amount required is $150 
The Mission Board will be glad to corre- 
spond with anyone regarding this phase of 
her work. 

Some people are asking us frequently for 
the names of the missionary children on th 
field. Bro. Adam Ebey has kindly furnished 
us with the names and ages of those in In- 
dia. They are appended herewith: 
Arnold, Barbara C, November, 1914. 
Ebey, Lois C., January, 1910. 

Leah R., December, 1914. 
Emmert, Lloyd R., February, 1907. 

Anna K., July, 1910. 

Mary I., December, 1912. 
Holsopple, Frances E., October, 1914. 
Long, Esther V., October, 1908. 

Albert E, April, 1911. 

Magdalene, March, 1913. 

Elizabeth, September, 1916. 
Pittenger, Angeline, November, 1908. 

Joseph D., April, 1912. 
Ross, Nina L., August, 1908. 

Ruth M., November, 1911. 

Evelyn, January, 1916. 
Stover, J. Emmert, June, 1897. 

Miriam E., February, 1902. 

James M., September, 1904. 

Helen L., December,. 1909. 

Daniel W., January, 1912. 

If the editor of the Visitor has not over- 
looked the names of any of them, the fol- 
lowing children ares in China. We cannot 
attempt to give the ages of these: 

Esther and Calvin Bright. 

Leland, Edythe and Winnifred Brubaker. 

Chester and Rolland Flory. 

Frantz Harlan Crumpacker. 

Edna Pearl and Carol Vaniman. 

Then in Denmark there is little Ardys 


The Missionary Visitor 


Wine. His brother Roscoe is living in Vir- 
ginia and Thelma is attending college at 
North Manchester. 

It cannot be supposed that the children 
on the foreign field have no playmates. 
There are plenty of them. The question 
often with missionary mothers is how to 

limit the multitude. Strong attachments 
spring up between these associates. Frantz 
Crumpacker has told the Visitor editor of 
some of his friends. Miss Thelma Wine 
much disliked leaving her Danish cousins 
to return to America. And the children in 
India have great times with their little 
dark-skinned companions. 

Growing: a Sunday- School in Denmark 
Brother and Sister Christian Olsen and Their Family 


A. F. Wine 

AS one comes in contact with different 
people, of various nationalities, he 
is made to realize the truth of the 
statement, more than ever, " Children are 
children," wherever found, regardless of cir- 
cumstances or environments. This, how- 
ever, is true only in the first stages of child- 
hood, for the conditions under which he 
lives, his general surroundings, will sooner 
or later have their influence upon the child 
whom the All-wise has created in a nor- 
mal condition; yes, in a perfect, natural 
state. If only the environments during 
"childhood" were ideal, the problems of 
" youth " and " manhood " would be solved. 
If you know the children of the United 

States in all their different environments 
and conditions under which they grow to 
manhood and womanhood, then you know 
pretty well the children of Denmark, for, 
in the main, there is but little difference. 
One finds here, the same as in the States, 
many different conditions in the homes in 
which the children are reared. Perhaps 
there is not the same percentage of differ- 
ence as in America, because there are not so 
many nationalities. There are a few things 
of which I wish to speak. 

First, I am glad to present to the Mission- 
ary readers a photograph of Bro. Christian 
Olsen and family of twelve children, which 
will give you a good idea of the children 


The Missionary Visitor 


among whom we are working. Brother and 
Sister Olsen are respectively 34 and 33 years 
old. They have been married some over 
fourteen years and have twelve children 
ranging from fourteen years to two months. 
Bro. Olsen lives in the Thy congregation, 
is a minister in the second degree, and does 
a teaming business to support himself and 
family. In this congregation there are some 
four or five younger couples following close 
in his footsteps as to children, having been 
married half as long and having from five 
to seven children. 

In the larger towns and cities but little 
difference is noted in comparison with 
towns and cities in America. In the country 
and among the laboring class this is more 
noticeable. Here one will find practically 
the same conditions as existed in the States 
thirty-five or forty years ago among the 
same class of people. Here are found many 
large families of children, ranging from ten 
to eighteen, from one marriage. These peo- 
ple are in very moderate circumstances — 
yes, what we would call poor; therefore, the 
children are reared with the bare necessities 
of life. Many times they have much less 
than we would think essential for subsist- 
ence. But here one finds many stout and ro- 
bust children, notwithstanding the many un- 
sanitary conditions under which they live. 

Generally, the children are very strong- 
headed, ill-tempered and unmannerly. This 
is especially true of the boys. Often eight 
to ten sleep in one little room, boys and 
girls of all ages, with tightly-closed win- 
dows, and between featherbeds. As soon as 
a child is old enough to do errands he is 
put out among strangers to earn his own 
living. This is usually at the age of ten to 
twelve, during school vacation, and all the 
time at the age of fourteen, as that is the 
limit of the compulsory school law. But few 
children have a desire to learn. Naturally 
so, because the parents have no interest in 
education, but on the other hand use their 
influence against it. Under such conditions 
one would expect to find much stupidity, 
and it is true to a very large degree. 

Filth and untidiness are noticeable con- 
ditions in these large homes, both in the 
home and on the persons, clothes as well as 
faces. Children are seldom free from colds 
and are not taught to use the handkerchief; 
therefore you can easily know the situation 

Master Ardys Wine and Playmates in Denmark 

in appearance. There are exceptions, of 
course, especially among our own people- 
yes, and others. An unusually large per- 
centage of the boys of eight, ten and twelve 
years smoke cigarettes, cigars and some 
pipes, and of course so. continue through 
life. Much wine and beer is used in many 
homes. And worst of all, the young girls 
indulge in the same vile habits. I should 
say, however, that among the better and 
wealthier class the children are taught to 
be very polite and mannerly, even more so 
than our American children. But they, too, 
indulge in the habits mentioned, and to a 
greater degree, because they have the money 
with which to buy the poisonous stuff. 

Just a glance into youth, young manhood 
and womanhood, to see some of the results 
of these conditions. The report of the births 
in 1915 in one ward or district of the city 
of Aalborg, in which we live, as given in 
the daily paper, showed a total of 325 births, 
out of which number there were 88 illegal; 
25 per cent outside of the marriage 'vow 
among the young girls of the servant class, 
and older ones, of course. A sad picture! 
Children receive no teaching, or but very 
little, in this respect, from their parents, and 
the general conditions are such as to breed 
immoral and impure thoughts, therefore the 
above results. This percentage, however, 
is too high for the general average, but I 
can assure you it is bad enough. 

The children of Denmark have received 
in past years but little religious teaching. 
Sunday-schools have not been the rule in 


The Missionary Visitor 



Children of Brother and Sister A. F. Wine 

Roscoe Thelma 

He lives in Virginia with his In school at Manchester College 


the State Church. It is only in the last few 
years that they have begun Sunday-schools, 
and now their method of carrying them on 
is far below the standard. They are taught 
a few of the most important Bible stories in 
the public schools, and at the age of four- 
teen, just before confirmation, they are 
taught the catechism and confession of faith 
of the State Church. After confirmation 
they are turned loose to enjoy the pleasures 
of the world without any further religious 
food in the way of Bible teaching or in- 
struction. This is a shallow preparation for 
a child to stem the tide of a wicked and sin- 
ful world among strangers, who treat girls 
strictly as servants and not as members of 
the family, as servant girls are treated in 
our homes. The Sunday-schools of Den- 
mark are gradually but slowly becoming bet- 
ter and more general, so that the prospects 
for the child in Denmark is brighter from 
a religious training standpoint. The work 
of the " Free Churches " is hard and seem- 
ingly of no special interest, but they are the 
cause of these progressive movements in- 
side of the State Church, therefore their 
presence and work is of untold value. 
Aalborg, Denmark. 

Love of God and love of country are 
the two noblest passions in the human 
heart. A man without a country is an exile 
in the world, and a man without God is an 
orphan in eternity. — Henry Van Dyke. 


I cannot always see the way that leads 

To heights above; 
I sometimes quite forget that He leads on 

With hands of love; 
But yet I know the path must lead me to 

Immanuel's land, 
And when I reach life's summit I shall 

And understand. 

I cannot always trace the onward course 

My ship must take, 
But, looking backward, I behold afar 

Its shining wake 
Illumined with God's light of love; and so 

I onward go, 
In perfect trust that He Who holds the 

The course must know. 

I cannot always see the plan on which 

He builds my life; 
For oft the sound of hammers, blow on 

The noise of strife, 
Confuse me till I quite forget He knows 

And oversees, 
And that in all details with His good plan 

My life agrees. 

I cannot always know and understand 

The Master's rule; 
I cannot always do the tasks He gives 

In life's hard school; 
But I am learning, with His help, to solve 

Them one by one, 
And when I cannot understand, to say, 

"Thy will be done!"— Anon. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Master Ove Hydehn 

His father is a carpenter 
and the son shows signs of 
following in the work of 
his father. 

Master Stiff Bergrlund 

His father is a printer and Stig 
spends much time with scissors 
and waste paper basket. 

Miss Martha Johannsen 
She receives better care than most 
of the poor children. 


Alice M. 
In Sweden as in America, when these 
gif ts are given from our Heavenly Father 
to the proud parents, it brings joy, not only 
to them, but to its brothers and sisters, and 
therefore brightens the home. The baby 
is the center of attraction, and well may be 
so. As a rule the baby is a little, fat some- 
body, with golden hair and blue eyes. And 
everybody's baby is the sweetest and bright- 
est and dearest baby ever born. Even if it 
is the tenth in the family it seems to have 
some smartness that the others did not 
manifest. Generally one finds large fami- 
lies in this cold climate and everything is 
very dear. Taxes are altogether unreason- 
able. Even the person who earns not enough 
to live decently must pay tax. These con- 
ditions have their influence on the babies' 


These babies are just as pretty and as 
sweet as are the American babies, but their 
wardrobes are very much different. The 
baby's wardrobe is very simple. Its dress 
for the first two months is a piece of mus- 
lin half a yard square, a piece of cotton 
flannel or wool (this depends upon the 
parents' income), a muslin sacque, flannel 
sacque and a bandage of two yards in length 
and one-fourth yard in width. 

The baby's first treatment is much the 
same as that at home. Then it is dressed, 
first in the muslin sacque. Next a muslin 
square is wrapped around its body up to 
the waist. Then the flannel sacque, then 
the larger* square of flannel is wrapped 
around it. And lastly it is bandaged with 
the long bandage. This makes it look like 
a papoose. In former times the arms were 


The Missionary Visitor 


bandaged to the body, but this is not al- 
lowed any more. So the arms are left free. 
When we show them the photos of ba- 
bies sent us from our friends at home, the 
mothers always say, " What pretty baptis- 
mal robes they have in America 1" This 
gives us a chance to tell them that babies 
in America are not all baptized, and that 
this is the usual custom to dress babies. 

The reason the Swedish people think the 
American children are dressed in a baptis- 
mal dress is because the custom here is to 
have a nice, long, white dress, with plenty 
of ribbon, for this occasion. This is the 
only little white dress found in the family, 
and is used only on such occasions. The 
same dress is used for all the children, and 
it is even loaned to relatives. It is common 
to see the sign in dry goods stores, " Bap- 
tismal dresses to loan." They usually have 
the child photographed in its baptismal 
dress, even if it is loaned. 

We tell them that we think a baby should 
have a change every day for the first two 
months. They look surprised and some- 
times say, " Sadant besvar " (so much both- 
er)! Others say, "Such extravagance!" 
Every one admires clean and well-kept chil- 
dren, but few among the working class" can 
afford it,- for different reasons. 

Among the so-called rich, or better class- 
es, the children usually are given into the 
care of girls of fourteen or fifteen years 
of age. Others who can pay have a govern- 
ess. These children are in most cases well 
cared for. 

The larger children are dressed much the 
same as the American child, but much 
cheaper. The girl of the common class is 
usually dressed in dark calico and woolen 
underwear. The boys usually have black 
or some other dark-colored velvet pants 
and coat. 

The baby's nourishment is milk or oat- 
meal gruel. As a rule they receive solid 
food quite young, even before they have 
teeth, and many get coffee when they are 
only six months old. A splendid practice 
of the Swedish mother is to have the chil- 
dren out in the open air as much as possi- 
ble. f 

The Swedish baby cries in English, and 
the first two words, mama and papa, are in 
the English language. But when it becomes 
more naturalized it uses the Swedish terms, 
"far" and " mor." 

One sad condition is that many babies are 
illegitimate and therefore not welcome. 
Many of these are given out to those who 
make a business of taking such children 
for a living, or to the aged who can not 
work and thereby receive a little income. 
Most of these do not fare well. The whole 
business borders on slave trade. This of 
itself would be a subject for a touching ar- 

This is something of baby-life in Sweden 
and will give the reader a faint idea of the 
Swedish baby's environment. 

Malmo, Sweden, Oct. 18. 


Ida Buckingham 

The Swedish children begin to go to 
school at the age of six. Attendance at 
school is compulsory, and as a result there 
is virtually no illiteracy in Sweden. The 
only kindergarten lessons that most of the 
Swedish children get are those that they 
learn on the street, and those that nature 
gives to them. There are institutions where 
the children of the poor are cared for at a 
very small cost while the mother is away at 
work. This is only for the smaller children, 
so they receive no preparatory school work. 

There are public schools in all parts of 

Sweden that demand no fee from the par- 
ents, but those who have means and con- 
sider themselves of the better class pre- 
fer to send their children to private schools, 
where a small fee is paid monthly. These 
schools are no better, and often are con- 
sidered inferior to the public schools, but 
the name is more, and the parents are glad 
to give their children this prestige, as they 
look at it, even if the children do not ad- 
vance so rapidly in their studies. The spir- 
it of aristocracy is quite marked in these 
children, who think themselves better and 


The Missionary Visitor 


do not like to associate with those who at- 
tend the free public schools. 

Schools are in session six days of the 
week, opening at eight in the morning and 
dismissing at six in the evening. The chil- 
dren in Malmo have irregular school hours, 
because the schools are so crowded that 
all classes cannot be in at the same time. 
Some days they are in school as many as 
eight hours, though often they have two or 
three hours free during the day, and even 
sometimes the whole afternoon. In the win- 
ter time, when the days here are so short, 
school is in session long after dark. 

The children must study at home, but, as 
is common with children, most drop their 
books as soon as their lessons are mastered, 
or even before. Many of the children are 
fond of reading, and our junior library 
books are in almost constant use. 

If the children are too poor to buy their 
own books, the municipality provides for 
the loan of their school books, and even 
pays for their wooden shoes. There is a 
boys' school just .across the street from 
where we live, and it is easy to tell when 
the classes are dismissed and others called 
in, from the clatter of their wooden shoes 
on the street. Occasionally, when a boy 
becomes angry at his comrades and would 
kick them, the wooden shoe flies off. If 
another boy obtains the shoe, his fun is 
not little, and the owner may have to coax a 
long while to get its possession again. Play 
is an important part of school life, and fre- 
quently the schoolmaster or mistress may 
be seen directing a game in the schoolyard 
with their class. 

The branches taught in the schools are 
much the same as at home. The Bible is 
a part of the child's daily education, for he 
begins as soon as he enters school to pre- 
pare for his confirmation. The boys are 
taught manual training and- the girls are 
trained to knit, darn, mend, embroider, and 
sew by hand and on the machine. They 
sew articles of clothing for themselves. In 
the higher classes the girls are taught do- 

mestic science; this course is elective, but 
most who continue in school so long avail 
themselves of this privilege. 

The Swedish children are athletic, for 
their training in gymnastic exercises begins 
with their first year in school, both for the 
girls and boys. Each year, near the close of 
the school year, they give a public exhibi- 
tion, to show their gymnastic proficiency. 

Some of the schools are so arranged that 
baths may be given to the children*, free of 
charge; so each school child in the city may 
receive a bath every two weeks. This is a 
splendid arrangement, for not many have 
such conveniences in their homes. 

Most children quit school when thirteen 
or fourteen years old. At this age they are 
confirmed; the boys then wear long trousers 
and the girls long skirts, and they think 
they are grown up. This, of couse, is det- 
rimental to their characters. Seven years 
of schooling is compulsory, and compara- 
tively few continue their studies farther 
than is required. In such cases, where the 
children's help is required to earn bread for 
the family, permission is sometimes granted 
for them to stay out of school that they 
may go to work, or take care of the young- 
er members of the family while the mother 
is away at work. 

Examinations are mostly oral. Especial- 
ly is this true of the examinations at the 
close of the school year, and the meaning 
attached to it by most children is that it is 
a time when they can parade new clothes. 
It is considered as a disgrace if the children 
do not have new clothing at this time. 

The summer vacation is not long, but the 
many Swedish holidays furnish occasions 
for at least two days' vacation with each 
one. At Whitsuntide they have a ten days' 
vacation, and at Christmas time almost a 
month. During the short summer vacation 
the children spend . almost every moment 
out in the open air, for sunshine is not so 
common here as at home, and consequently 
is valued more by all. 

Oct. 18. 

Prayer is educative. The man who prays grows; and the muscles of the 
soul swell from thin whipcord to iron bands. — F. B. Meyer. 


The Missionary Visitor 


J. F. Graybill 


The difference between Americans and 
Europeans in general is not so great, yet 
there are customs peculiar to each country. 
Being asked to contribute to this number 
of the Missionary Visitor, I shall tell you 
something about the boys and girls of 
Sweden at the age of eight to fourteen 

Their Customs 

in dress differ very little from those in the 
States. They have nice, good clothes, hats, 
caps, coats, overcoats, shoes, stockings and 
rubbers. But this is true only of the bet- 
ter class, those who can afford it. The 
poorer class run barefooted during the 
summer. They even come barefooted to 
Sunday-school. These children are obliged 
to wear wooden shoes, or shoes with wood- 
en soles, and leather uppers over the front 
of the foot, during the winter. These are 
furnished to the poorest at the city's ex- 
pense. While much of the foot is exposed, 
they are said to be a warm footwear. You 
can not imagine what a noise a number of 
school-children, shod with wooden shoes, 
can make on the stone steps or the paved 

Most children like nice clothes. Some 
of the poorest, who were fortunate enough 
to receive a new suit, because some chari- 
table friends in the States have made it pos- 
sible for the Malmo Mission to clothe a 
number of poor at Christmas the last three 
years, were very proud of their Christmas 
present. Then there are those, like in the 
States, who are very careless with their 
clothes because of a lack of better training. 
During the summer season it is quite com- 
mon for those of means to clothe children 
in national dress, which varies in form and 
color in different parts of Sweden. 

Children are, early in years, taught to 
be obliging. But some forms of etiquette 
are seemingly inbred. When one meets 
them on the street, even a boy of five or six 
years will tip his hat and make a little bow, 
and a girl will drop a curtsey by slightly 
bowing the knees. When they receive pres- 
ents or after a meal they will thank the 
hostess by extending the hand, the boy 

"buckande" (bowing) to a right angle, the 
girl "nigande" (bowing) the knees. The 
more thankful, the greater the bow. This 
is even practiced by the grown-ups and 
aged, after meals and on meeting their su- 

Their Characteristics 
are varied and we can give them only a 
passing notice. One marks strong lines of 
love and hatred in these people. The Swed- 
ish child has inherited a sensational and ex- 
pressional characteristic from its parents. 
The Swede, when a friend, is a very warm 
friend, but when he becomes an enemy, he 
is a most bitter enemy. To this, like all 
other rules, there are exceptions. 

Swedish children have much surplus en- 
ergy if properly fed, and this manifests it- 
self in various ways, even to the extent of 
abusing each other. Living across the 
street from one of the schools, we have the 
privilege of seeing much of their energy 
exposed. During intermission they run, 
jump and play, stand on their head, walk 
on their hands, and even stand on one hand 
by balancing themselves with their feet 
against a building or the fence. The Swedes 
are quite athletic. They begin practice 
young in school. These children are active 
until they get to work. Many of them do 
not like to work, but in this they are not 
unlike many boys and girls in the States. 

We have also noticed that a play may 
end in a fight. And when they fight they 
don't seem to be careful where they strike. 
In this they put all their energy into action. 
They sympathize with each other and soon 
take sides to help down the enemy. This is 
mostly true of boys, but girls also have 
been known to get into a scrap. 

" Movies " are numerous in Malmo, and 
all seem to be doing a thrifty business. 
Many children, who should be in Sunday- 
school and give their five " ores " (nickels) 
to the Lord, carry them to the biograph, 
and there their minds are poisoned when 
most receptive. Something exciting inter- 
ests these children more than anything else. 
A real biograph craze takes hold of the 
children and holds them all through life, 


The Missionary Visitor 


Their Play 
is directed much by what the children see 
and hear. The girls like dolls, but most 
of them have the real thing to play with; 
for they have smaller brothers and sisters 
to take care of. During the summer months 
they may take the smaller children to the 
commons or park, and there build stone 
houses, with furnished rooms suitable to 
play housekeeping. 

The boys may decorate themselves with 
papers of many colors and with feathers un- 
til they think they are Indians. They have 
learned about them in school, and then a 
Wild West show visited this town some 
time ago. This matured their imagination 
of an Indian, and so they become Indians 
for a short time. The past two years the 
war spirit has taken hold of many of the 
Malmo boys. During the summer it was 
quite common to hear, in the suburban 
parts of the city, the beating of a drum, 
and presently one would see a regiment of 
six or ten boys, perhaps a girl among them, 
marching after their flag, under the com- 
mand of the one best qualified for that posi- 
tion. One was hardly able to distinguish 
the nationality by the color of the flag; be- 

cause for want of a real flag a piece of bur- 
lap fastened to a broomstick would answer 
the purpose. Their weapons, though car- I 
nal, were not deadly; being mostly a stick 
of wood. These boys carry on war in a 
modern way. One can hardly see where 
they get the idea; maybe from the cuts in 
papers or at the biograph. There is trench 
fighting. Toys become imaginary mam- 
moth cannons. The attacks are desperate, 
but not bloody. They build tents of bur- 
lap for camping. Well, they make it just 
as real as they can. Since school has again 
opened and the weather is more unfavorable 
for operations, they seem to have cessation 
of arms. Should the European war unfortu- 
nately continue during next summer, we 
would not be at all surprised to see Malmo 
boys take up arms again. 

Very seldom does one see boys play 
horse. That seems to be too tame a sport 
and the commanding characteristic can 
not be so well displayed. 

We have made mention only of those 
traits among the boys and girls in Sweden 
that have come most to our observation 
and were considered of most interest to 
the readers of the Visitor. 

Malmo, Sweden, Oct. 17, 


S. Ira Arnold 

One of the peculiar things about a mis- 
sionary is that he thinks his own children 
better than any others. And has he not a 
right so to think? He has them about him 
daily, while others he sees only a few times 
a year. They bring more joy and sunshine 
into his life than all other children com- 
bined. Also the peculiar thing about mis- 
sionary children is that they think their own 
papa and mama better than any one else, for 
it is only occasionally that they have any 
other white children to play with. They have 
plenty of Indian children, and with these 
they make fast friends, but they too enjoy 
the times when all the missionary children 
get together. 

Committee meetings are enjoyable times 
for young and old, for then it is once, twice, 
thrice or perhaps four times a year that all get 
together for a jolly good time. Business, 

The Baby Leopard at Bulsar 

devotion and visiting occupy the time of the 
adults, but to write what the children do 
would require a stenographer writing con- 
tinually from the first meeting of the tiny 
ones till the departure of the last train. 

The Anklesvar committee meeting last 
week was not so well attended by the chil- 
dren. For various reasons many of the 


The Missionary Visitor 


Our Missionary Children in India 

Left to right: Mary Emmert, Barbara Arnold, Magdaline 
Long, Anna Emmert, Helen Stover, Esther Long, Albert Long, 
Daniel Stover, Joseph Pittenger. Lloyd Emmert is standing 
behind the others. We regret that we failed to secure the pho- 
tos of Emmert, Miriam and James Stover at Mt. Morris in 

mothers and children had to stay at home. 
But at Bulsar last October the children were 
all present excepting four little girls, who 
were away at the hills in Northern India. 

A young tiger at one of the neighboring 
houses was of much interest to the children. 
It was about the size of a large cat, and had 
been brought from the jungle in Raj Pipla 
'State. It was really a leopard rather than a 
tiger, but the Gujarati word is the same. 

Lloyd Emmert is raising chickens. His 
fancy leghorn eggs did not hatch, but the 
little native variety made their advent safely 
from the dark domain of the egg to the 

light of Indian day. Lloyd is a firm believer 
in the old adage, " If you want a thing done 
well, do it yourself." So he would trust his 
chickens into the hands of no one, but 
brought them along with him to Bulsar. 
The old cluck and her peepies emerged from 
their basket after an hour's ride on the train 
and began scratching for worms in Uncle 
J. M.'s garden at Bulsar with the same 
eagerness as if they had been in their own 
poultry yard at Jalalpor. The picture shows 
Lloyd and his chickens in Bro. Blough's 
back yard. In the background are two 
papaya trees, showing how the tree melons 

The Young Chicken Fancier 
Lloyd is raising chickens 


The Missionary Visitor 


grow in clusters about the trunk 
of the tree. 

But of all the children, the 
one best known to the writer 
is Barbara, for he is her papa. 
Barbara, Frances Holsopple 
and Lee Ebey are nearly the 
same age, and used to be the 
missionary babies. But now 
Frances and Leah have gone to 
America, and there are two 
other younger babies, Evelyn 
Ross, about one year old, and 
Elizebath Long, about three 
bonths, so Barbara is not a baby 
any more, but one of the little 
girls. She is two years old and 
most a match for her papa when 
it comes to romping. He al- 
ways gets tired before she does. 
She likes very much to play with the village 
children, the little goats and the doctor's 
white doves. She understands English, but 
talks mostly Gujarati. Her parents have 

Barbara. Arnold With Her Mama by the Pamola Tree 

had one year the start of her in learning 
Gujarati, but they will have to work hard 
lest she outdo them in learning the lan- 

Post: Umalla, via Anklesvar, India. 


J. M. Pittenger 

It is just a little hut of two rooms, both 
of them very small. In one abide the fam- 
ily, composed of father, mother, son and 
daughter, and in the other is the stall for 
their only cow and her calf. In front of 
this humble home everything is kept nice 
and tidy by the mother. This clean space 
is not very large, but it gives the one ap- 
proaching the home the assurance that 
there is some one dwelling within who has 
a love of home and is trying to make the 
best home possible with the means at com- 
mand. Bordering this cleaned space, on all 
sides and to the rear of the home, is the 
high grass, and, among it, the even higher 
weeds which grow here so abundantly dur- 
ing the rainy season. 

Just near this hut are others similar, 
some larger, some smaller than it, but, 
somehow, there is not that feeling of home 
and happiness and contentment about them 
which we have found in the home of Cha- 
tou. Chatou was the beloved son in this 
humble but very happy home. He had the 
fever so common in these jungles. He had 
it often and in very severe form. His 
spleen became greatly enlarged and he be- 

came very weak. He seemed to have but 
little blood and the " whites " of his eyes 
showed that vitality was very low. We 
warned the parents that one or two more 
attacks might prove serious for their boy. 
They promised to come for the medicine, 
which we would so gladly have given them. 
One day, not long after the promise was 
made, the father came carrying Chatou as 
tenderly as only a fond father can. In- 
quiry disclosed the fact that the boy's nose 
had been bleeding for more than twenty 
hours, and that all the efforts made by the 
parents to stop the bleeding had proved 
fruitless. We applied as cold water as 
could be obtained and this checked the 
flow almost entirely. The alum we had on 
hand was old, and we thought not safe 
to use, so I went with the father to the gov- 
ernment dispensary, which is quite near, to 
get the help needed. The man in charge is 
just out of medical college. He set out 
with a very elaborate method of treatment, 
during the course of which Chatou became 
greatly frightened, and began to cry and 
the blood, instead of flowing from but one 
nostril, began to flow from both. The 


The Missionary Visitor 


doctor had wrought evil instead of good, 
although he meant to render the best he 
could do. The father carried Chatou home 
with a sad countenance. That afternoon 
and evening we did all we could, through 
prayer and earnest effort, coupled with it, 
to stop the bleeding. We were rewarded 
by the blood stopping. Chatou rested well 
that night and the next day. On the second 
morning the father came for medicine as 
directed, and returned home to give it to 
his boy. While giving it, Chatou sneezed 
violently and this set the blood to flowing 
again. The father came running back, 
greatly frightened, and I hastened to the 
home with him, and after prayer and ear- 
nest efforts the flow was again stopped. 
During the following night it began again, 
and the next morning, at daybreak, the 
father came running breathlessly, asking 
me to hasten to their home with him. This 
I did, and found the dear boy very weak 
from the loss of blood. However, there 
were still hopes, and I tried to assure the 
anxious parents of this, and asked them if 
they did not believe that our Lord was able 
to save their boy. They replied that they 
did. We prayed together. Such occasions 

Barbara Arnold Likes the 
Little Goats 

Children of Brother and Sister J. M. Pittenger 

Master Joseph is taking a ride in the usual way 
up in the Himalyas. 

make prayer very blessed and very precious. 
Time wore slowly on. Chatou was getting 
weaker and weaker, for the blood could not 
be stopped. I sat and watched anxiously 
with the parents. I remembered how our 
dear Lord had stilled anxious hearts by 
healing loved ones who were at death's 
door, as Chatou seemed to be. Would he 
not now hear Chatou's parents and me? 
While praying and watching, it became evi- 
dent that Chatou would soon pass over the 
silent river. Our Lord saw fit to take the 
dear boy away. I shall never forget that 
scene. Not since coming to India have I 
seen such intense grief expressed by both 
man and woman as these two expressed. I 
tried to comfort them with the promise of 
our Lord and Master. They have not yet 
learned to know Him, so they could not 
fully understand. Boys and girls, will you 
not pray for Chatou's father and mother, 
that they may soon learn to know Jesus 
and be prepared to go to be with Him, 
when they die? Chatou was about six 
years old. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Sundra is a pupil in one of our village 
schools. Her name means " Beautiful." 
She is the only child in the home. The 
fact that they have no son is such a keen 
disappointment to her parents that they 
dress her in boys' clothes. 

Sundra is now about nine years of age. 
After two or three years she will be mar- 
ried. Then she will lay aside her boys' 
clothes and di'ess like a woman. 

Sundra lives near the schoolhouse where 
she attends. Her parents are friendly to- 
ward the mission and are among the few 
who think it worth while for girls to learn 
to read and write. B. Mary Royer. 

Dahanu, India. 

Dear Little Sandra 


Sadie J. Miller 

By my name you will think me a fortu- 
nate child, and in many ways I am fortu- 
nate, but for some reasons I have also had a 
hard' path to travel, even though I am only 
six years old! 

I was born in a small village not far from 
Vali, where the Christian people live. Be- 
fore I was old enough to know what a 
mother's love is, my mother died. I had 
but one sister and no brothers. Being so 
small father thought I would not live any- 
way, so he gave me to the mis- 
sionaries and they took me to 
the Widows' Home at Jalalpor, 
where children are kept who 
are too small to enter the or- 
phanage or boarding school. 
My sister was not allowed to go 
with me, much as she wanted to 

After a few months my father 
died. Then my sister was given 
to father's sister. The mission- 
aries wanted her also, for she 
is a dear girl, but aunt would 
not give her up for two reasons. 
First, such a girl is a good nurse 
for aunt's babies, and second, 
aunt and her husband, not yet 
being far enough removed from sandpUe. 

the heathen and wretched custom of child ^ 
marriage, looked forward to getting money 
for her when they would sell her to some 
family whose son would become her hus-J 

How would you children, you little girls, 
like to be treated this way? I am glad I 
have escaped child marriage, for here, as 
among all Christians, children's marriage is 
greatly deplored and looked down upon. ' 
Then, too, here I will have the advantages 

Just Like They Do in America 

and Helen Stover and Barbara Arnold in the 


The Missionary Visitor 


of education 
which are given 
to girls as well as 
boys in Christian 

Besides, in 

Christian circles 
a girl is allowed 
to have her own 
choice as to 
whom, when and 
where she mar- 
ries, which is the 
road t o happy 
marriages and 
ideal homes; that 
is, if a girl is 
wise in her 

But even with 
these blessed ad- 
vantages I have 
known girls to 
make such un- 
wise choices for 
marriage that they have seen nothing but 
misery all their life. Still we very seldom 
see the unhappiness in Christianity, to the 
extent it is almost everywhere apparent 
in non-Christian communities. 

In Hinduism, you know, widows are not 
allowed to remarry. So when a m^n loses 
his wife, be he old or young, there is no 
choice for a wife for him except among little 
girls, some even as small as I am, because 
you see all girls are married, and that as 

My people, the Bhils, do not follow this 
strict custom. Of course, Bhils are not 

Little Miss Frances Hol- 

sopple and Her Favorite 

Method of Travel 

Hindus, but aborigines. In Bhilism a man 
may not like his wife, and takes another 
unto himself, sometimes casting out the old 
one and mistreating her if he retains her. 
This you know, with two wives, causes much 
quarreling and a very unhappy home, if in- 
deed it can be called a home. 

I have an old uncle, who, because he never 
had a son, took a second wife and mis- 
treated the first one very much. The worst 
of it all was he had been a Christian for 
some years. Of course, by virtue of his deed 
he put himself out of the church, and even 
today stands in open condemnation by the 
church. However, he is repenting, they 
say, and desires very much to be back in 
the church. He has surely made a hard 
road for himself. 

These are deep subjects for little girls like 
me to discuss, but in my country even little 
girls are very knowing. Sad experiences 
have come to many of us under ten years 
of age, and we appear to missionaries like 
little old women. 

My sister was sold some two years ago, 
to a family about eight miles from aunt's 
home. She is only ten now, and the boy 
to whom they have tied her is only eight 
or nine. She lives with him part of the 
time, that is, she has become servant to his 
mother, under whose tyrannical hand she 
will never know what real joy and happiness 
are. I wish there was some way I could 
snatch her from such a life. I thank the 
Lord daily for having spared me from it. 
And I thank you for allowing me such a 
big space to tell these things. You may 
hear from me again as time goes on. 

Ring: Around the Rosy, at Bulsar 


The Missionary Visitor 


If at birth a Chinese child has prominent 
gums, or if it does not take its mother's 
milk as vigorously as its people think it 
ought, it is said to have horse teeth. To 
cure this they use a needle. The needle 
is about two or three inches long, and is 
pushed into the flesh about the mouth and 
nose. In one case that came to my notice 
five punctures had been made about the 
mouth and three on the forehead. The nee- 
dle is used for other troubles, too. In 

Some Glimpses of China 

First column from the top : 

Edna Pearl Vaniman, aged 2 years. Not unhappy but frown- 
ing at the sun. Carol Ernest Vaniman, age 9 months, with his 
first nurse, Rebecca Wampler. 

The Little Bride and Groom. Article on next page. 

Hsieh Hsiao Mei, an orphan schoolboy, herding the for- 
eigners' goats. 

Second Column: 

Chinese Schoolboys running a race, Pao Ting Fu. 
Eight Ping Ting Schoolboys eating cooked millet, using 
Edna and Carol at Play. 


Fred J. Wampler, M. D. 

dysentery a longer needle is thrust into 
the abdomen just below the breast bone. 
The direction of the needle is important in 
all these cases. If it is pushed upward, it 
acts as a tonic; if downward, it acts as a 

If children are weakly and parents fear 
that they may not grow to manhood or 
womanhood, one or more of the following 
methods likely will be used: A coal of fire 
will be laid on the crown of the head and 


The Missionary Visitor 


a deep wound burned, or a part of one of 
the little fingers will be cut off, or holes 
will be bored in the ear, or a part of one 
of the ears severed. One explanation of 
these treatments is that by maiming the 
children in this way the evil spirit will 
think them of little value and therefore will 
let them live. Where a number of boys 
in one family have died, the next baby boy 
will likely be given a girl's name — often a 
slave girl's name — to fool the spirit.. Thus 
thinking it is a slave girl, the demon will 
not want it. 

If the baby is a girl one more trial is to 
come to it. When she reaches four or five 
years of age she must have her feet bound. 
This is done by pressing all the smaller toes 
in under the sole of the foot and holding 
them there by a tight bandage. This band- 
age is made tighter and tighter, and often 
the bones of the foot are broken or very bad 
ulcers produced, and then the suffering is 
intense. This process of binding goes on 
for more than a year, and judging from 
cries we can hear from neighboring yards, 
there can be few painless hours during this 

The Kindergarten Children with Their Christmas Presents, Ping Tingr Hslen 


Susie Vaniman 

A little more than a year ago a dear little 
baby girl came into one of our Chinese 
Christian's homes to gladden the hearts of 
her parents. But the poor mother was not 
strong and died after a few weeks. The 
father was poor, having sold nearly all of 
his belongings to supply the needs of the 
family while he cared for his sick wife and 
could earn no money. 

At the mother's death, the mission hired 
a woman to care for and nurse the baby for 

one year. At the end of that time, it was 
suggested to the father that now, since he 
was earning money again, he might be able 
to hire a nurse for his little girl. The father 
seemed just a little burdened about it at 
first, but after a time he came around, 
cheerfully saying that it was all right; he 
had made arrangements for her. 

In the meantime he had talked to another 
one of our Christians, the father of a little 
three-year-old boy. They had arranged that 


The Missionary Visitor 


the little girl should be taken into the home 
of this little boy to be nursed and cared for 
by his mother until such a time as it would 
be fitting for them to be married. This 
seems rather strange to us, but it is not so 
bad from the Chinese point of view. Here 
they will grow up together as brother and 
sister in the home and will probably be 
more congenial in their married life than 
two people who have never been permitted 
to see each other. 

If we ask the little boy if he has a wife 
he very proudly says he has. However, the 
fathers of these children are Christians, and 
we hope to have both the boy and the girl 
in our schools several years before they are 
really married, so that we may help them 
to have a real home, a Christian home, 
where love shall rule. There are so few 
such in this part of China. 

The subjects of this sketch may be seen 
in the picture on page 80. 

The Liao School Children and Their 

Out for a Ramble with Their 

Teacher. Chinese Temple in 

the Background 

Five of the Liao Children 

Esther Bright Leland Brubaker 

Holland Flory 
Chester Flory Edythe Brubaker 

At Play 


The Missionary Visitor 



Dear Little Readers of the Missionary Vis- 

I wish that you would come with me on a 
trip over the mountains of Shansi, China. 

We will not go in fast steam cars, or in 
automobiles over good roads, with every- 
thing arranged for our convenience. No, 
we will travel much as the people do in 
Palestine. Take your choice now — what 
will you have, horse, cam-els, donkey, mule, 
litter, or sedan chair? I guess you will 
want to travel the way I do when I go 
from here to Ping Ting. 

When you reach the station at Ping Ting, 
I will be there to meet you with the sedan 
chairs. Two persons cannot ride in the 
same chair, because they would be too 
heavy for the men to carry, so we will go 
in separate chairs. 

You must sit very still so that the car- 
riers can keep you balanced. You will get 
very tired and cramped, but soon you will 
be among friends who will welcome you, 
so never mind. 

When we reach Ping Ting I have some- 
thing else to tell you. Now the Chinese at 
the inns that we will stop at are too poor to 
furnish the things that the hotels do at 
home. So each person must have a- cot, 
bedding enough to keep comfortable, and 
a cheerful heart, ready to make the best of 
everything. The food we will furnish to- 
gether. Next we must decide who will like 
riding donkeys best and who will like the 
litters. The Chinese litter looks much like 
a gypsy wagon at home, except that instead 
of being on wheels it is slung between two 
mules. It swings slowly back and forth, 
and some people do not like it because it 
makes them seasick. 

Now we are ready to start. At noon we 
stop at a dirty little inn for dinner. We 
turn our animals over to the innkeepers. The 
food that must be heated we give to the 
Chinese helpers who are with us. Then we 
go into the house, spread our blankets on 
the kang (Chinese brick bed), and rest un- 
til our dinner is ready. While we wait I 
must warn you of some of the things that 
often happen to us on the journey, and so I 
will tell you of some interesting incidents. 

Esther Bright, With Master Calvin In His 
Tiger Suit 

Did you notice that before we spread our 
blankets on the kang we put a piece of 
oiled cloth on it? We did that because of the 
lice and bugs that abound on them. I hope 
you do not carry any along with you. We 
do sometimes. 

At one time, while my mama was riding 
across the river, her donkey fell and she 
became so dizzy that a Chinese helper had 
to carry her across. 

At another time Sister Brubaker's litter 
tipped over and fell from the mules' backs 
down on the snowy mountain side, for it 
was winter then. The people inside felt 
very frightened — afraid that the back mule 
would kick them, but it didn't. 

Now it is time to move on. At night we 
sleep in another dirty inn. We cannot 
travel after dark, both because we are tired 
and then the roads are too dangerous and 
narrow in some places. Here we put up 
our cots and spread them with our bedding, 
and after drinking something hot, we re- 
Continued on Page 89) 


The Missionary Visitor 



Dear Little Readers of the 
Missionary Visitor: 

How would you like to 
visit a Chinese school? 
Glance a t that building- 
ahead. But that is. only a 
temple! Yes, Chinese chil- 
dren often study in temples. 
What a noise! That is only 
the pupils saying their les- 
sons out loud. But there are 
no girls studying. Chinese 
girls and boys do not study 
together. Most Chinese girls 
do not go to school at all. 

See that boy go up to the 
teacher. Now he is going to 
recite. He gives his book to 
the teacher and faces the 
wall. Then he says his les- 
son. They also say or mem- 
orize their lesson. Why does 
not the teacher look at the 
book? Because he has mem- 
orized the lesson himself. They do not 
have desks, but use a little table with one 
drawer in it, and they sit on the bare brick 
floor. You see they do not have pencils or 
slates. Their pens are something like a 
paint brush. They have such queer books. 
The lines go up and down and they begin 
at the right-hand side. A sentence begins 
at the top of the page and they read from 
top to bottom. Why are several places 
empty? Well, a Chinese pupil is very ir- 
regular in attendance. If a fair or theatre 
is in town he does not come to school, but 
attends the theatre or fair. 

Now school is dismissed for dinner and 
we will go down the street a short distance 
till we come to quite a different school. 
Here my playmates and I study. What a 
little building! Yes, it is only seventeen and 
one-half feet long and twelve and one-half 
feet wide. - Let us go inside. It is not so 
nice as a schoolhouse at home. Our black- 
boards are very small. They are like what 
some people use in their homes. We have 
a floor covered with Chinese matting, and 
we have a Chinese stove. The desks are not 
like yours. They are something like your 

Chester and Holland Flory at Play in Their Court 

Behind Chester is the greenhouse, beside it the cave and be- 
yond the cave the chicken house. A homelike appearance 

teacher's desk, only smaller. They were 
taken from a pattern of an American teach- 
er's desk. 

We are following the Indiana State course 
of study. There are only four grades and 
five children. So our school is not very 
big, though we like it just the same. Rol- 
land Flory is a little kindergarten boy. 
Edythe Brubaker and Chester Flory are in 
first grade. Esther Bright is in sixth grade, 
and I am in fifth. 

One Friday afternoon we had school on 
the banks of the river that flows by this 
town. There we found representations of a 
number of land forms that we were look- 
ing for. One interesting thing we saw was 
some hemp, rotting in small pools of water 
to make rope. 

Which school that you have visited do 
you like best? I have only been to two 
schools, but I like this one very well. 

Leland C. Brubaker. 
«£& <£ 

They eat millet, rice and vegetables. 

They drink hot water instead of cold. 

They sleep on brick kangs instead of beds. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Calvin Likes to Feed the Sheep 

In winter their homes are warmed by a 
fire under the brick kang. 

They do not have heating stoves. 

They have paper instead of glass windows. 

Their clothes are made of coarse blue 

In winter they wear clothes padded with 

Their costumes are .much alike, consisting 
of a pair of trousers and a coat. 

They wear cloth shoes and muslin socks. 

In general, girls do not learn to read. 

In school they all study aloud. 

The boys and girls do not go to the same 

Most of them do not know what a bath 
is nor the use of a handkerchief. 

When little P'ang T'i came to our girls' 
school and saw the water being prepared 
for her first bath, she said, " I won't get in- 
to that river." Today she enjoys her bath 
as much as anyone. 

When Hsiao Chiang was given her first 

bath, another little girl remarked, " Why, 
she washes out white, doesn't she!" 

T'eng (tongue) is pain. 

Ai (eye) is love. 

T'ou (toe) is head. 

Shu (shoe) is a book, a comb or a tree. 

Leng (lung) is cold. 

Kou (go) is dog. 

Pi (bee) is a pencil. 

Hsi (she) is to wash. 

Xao (now) is brains. 

Pai (buy) is white. 

Hei (hay) is black. 

Mi (me) is honey. 

Mei (may) is beautiful. 

Hou (hoe) is thick. 

K'u (coo) is to cry. 

Hsin (shin) is heart. 

" In China, your ' shin ' 's your heart. 
Your ' toe ' 's your head, 
And when children cry they ' coo.' " 

S. V. 

Master Frantz Harlan Orumpaoker on His Grandfather's Farm in Idaho. W 
Suspect the Pup Is in Training 


The Missionary Visitor 


Sleep, Peacefully Sleep 
Grave's of Cathryn and Little Mary Bright at Liao Chou 


Minnie F. Bright 

Sleep, my darlings, sleep — 
The day has slipped away, 

And playtime now is o'er, 
So sleep and rest, I pray. 

Sleep, my darlings, sleep — 
Your stories have been told, 

Books and toys are laid away, 
Angels will you enfold. 

Sleep, my babies, sleep — 

I've heard your lisping prayers, 

And cuddled you awhile — 

Now sleep and rest from cares. 

Sleep, my darlings, sleep — 

We've had a happy day, 
We'll soon come to join your rest, 

So sleep and rest, I pray. 

Sleep, my darlings, sleep — 
The sun again will shine, 

Together we shall be again, 
O babes, that still are mine. 



Winnie E. Cripe 

THESE are indeed critical days for the 
new republic. The constitution and 
laws for the country have, up to this 
time, been only tentative. During this 
month an official body has been busy on a 
permanent constitution. Requests have been 
pouring in from various parts regarding 
items of interest to the people, perhaps fore- 
most of which has been with regard to re- 
ligious rights. There is a very strong pres- 
sure for a state religion, and that it be Con- 
fucianism. Among those to decide the ques- 
tion is a Christian man who' stands strongly 
opposed to inserting the clause demanding 
worship of Confucius, but he says that as 

long as the stack of requests for it was 
twice as high as that against it, he was pow- 
erless. This word was circulated through 
the country, and soon many petitions 
against any state religion were on their 
way to the capitol. It would be encouraging 
to you to know how earnestly our Chris- 
tians prayed and labored in behalf of free- 
dom of worship, that they might not be for- 
bidden to continue in what they now know 
is the only true religion. Several petitions 
and a list of names were sent in, as also 
were petitions from various missions 
throughout China. We have not yet had 
any returns, but it is to be hoped that this 


The Missionary Visitor 


land will not be enthralled again in heathen- 
dom from which she is just emerging. 

In the early part of the month Dr. and 
Sister Brubaker and Sister Hutchison spent 
a couple of days at Yu She Hsien. More 
than a hundred patients were treated, a num- 
ber of homes visited, and preaching done at 
the little chapel. The work seems encourag- 
ing at this out-station, so recently opened, 
and we look for good results. The rooms 
rented and some of the furniture were in use 
there by the American Board Mission before 
1900, when both the native helper and the 
foreigner who made occasional visits from 
T'ai Ku Hsien were killed. 

The school for our missionaries' children 
at Liao Chou is a busy little place. While 
there are but five children in attendance they 
have a real school, and we are glad for this 
privilege and joy in their little lives. Sister 
Shock is also in language study as she finds 
time outside of school work. 

The Christmas season is again in the past, 
and it was truly a joyous time this year. 
The native Christians seemed to enter more 
into the real spirit of the day than ever be- 
fore. They surprised us with their own of- 
fering for food and clothing for the poor. 
On Christmas morning the older pupils of 
both the Boys' and Girls' Schools at Liao 
Chou came to the chapel to get what had 
been arranged for various homes. It was 
pleasing to see them dart out into a biting, 
zero air, carrying gifts to homes far and 
near in and about the city. The programs 
and services at the schools and chapel were 
proof, too, that a few years has brought 
some to appreciate and love the Christ Who 
came to save them, and it almost seemed as 
if some of His light shone from their faces 
as they spoke of Him. 

Brother and Sister Oberholtzer came in 
from Peking to spend a few days at Ping 
Ting Hsien, after which they return to the 
(Continued on Page 96) 



Merlin G. Miller 

THE United Student Volunteers 
opened the door to a more effective 
union when they decided to appoint 
one of their own number a traveling secre- 
tary to visit the Volunteer bands in our col- 
leges. The purpose of the visit was to car- 
ry new ideas from one band to another, and 
to add, if possible, some new elements of 
enthusiasm, steadfastness, and stability to 
the work of each band. It was the privilege 
of the writer to visit all the bands, except 
those at Lordsburg College and at Berean 
Bible School. Lordsburg was visited re- 
cently by our vice-president, Bro. Roy 
Frantz, who expects also to visit the Berean 
Band during the present month and report 

Here, at the beginning of this report, let 
me express my heartfelt gratitude for the 
open-heartedness with which each band wel- 
comed your unworthy servant and for the 
help you gave me by your prayers; for the 
unmistakable evidences of deep love for 

Christ and for lost souls which I found in 
every band and also for the way God pro- 
tected and used me in this task. I am hum- 
bly thankful to Him Who is the Giver of 
every good and perfect gift. 

At Daleville College, where most of the 
students are young, the Volunteer Band is 
small. The most encouraging sign for the 
future is this: A considerable number of the 
students are becoming deeply interested in 
the mission study class, which this year 
numbers about twenty-five. 

The volunteers at Bridgewater College 
are mostly college men and women of 
settled purposes and far-reaching ideals. 
Their deputation work was characterized 
from the very beginning of the year by ag- 
gressive activity. A study of their plans 
for further preparation reveals a conviction 
that he will best serve the Lord who equips 
himself with the most thorough education. 

Hebron Seminary is a small preparatory 
school in the needy District of Eastern Vir- 


The Missionary Visitor 

March x 

ginia. Hebron's volunteers are young and 
have many years of preparation before them. 
But they are learning two invaluable les- 
sons: they are learning to serve by serving, 
and they are learning to pray by praying. 

The Volunteer Band at Blue Ridge Col- 
lege has taken a new lease on life and a 
new place of influence in the student life 
this year. Those who are interested in mis- 
sionary work find the volunteers ready to 
welcome them to their meetings. Over thir- 
ty are enrolled in mission study under Y. 
M. C. A. direction. 

One-half of those who. composed last 
year's active band at Elizabethtown College 
are not in school this year, most of the ab- 
sent ones spending the year in earning 
money for further schooling. But those 
who remain bid fair to double or treble their 
number by spring. Their deep spirit of de- 
votion and their successful Sunday-school 
work prove the genuineness of their conse- 

This autumn at Juniata College witnessed 
the division of the former Mission Band in- 
to two separate organizations: an organized 
mission study class with an enrollment of 
perhaps forty, and a Volunteer Band with a 
membership of twelve. One is struck by the 
fact that most of the volunteers are young 
ministers preparing for pastoral duties. 

Manchester College is at the culmination 
of several years of growing missionary pow- 
er and enthusiasm. Her Volunteer Band, if 
not the largest in our schools, is certainly 
the most influential organization within her 
college walls. This is said, not to flatter the 
Manchester volunteers, but to point out to 
the rest of us the possibility of actually 
transforming the dominant ideals, even of a 
large student-body, when those who have at 
heart the cause of Christ and the church 
unitedly labor and pray in faith to that end. 
One of the secrets of the success of this 
band is the constant activity in Christian 
service which is expected of every volunteer. 

Bethany's Volunteer Band lost a consid- 
erable number of her members through the 
exodus of students to the colleges to com- 
plete literary courses. That over one-half 
of the students of this school should be 
actively dedicated to some special church 
work is but the normal thing in an institu- 
tion of which the avowed purpose is to 
" thrust out laborers into the harvest " 

which wastes ungarnered over Christ's field, 
the world. 

The Volunteer Band at Mt. Morris Col- 
lege awakened to new life with the begin- 
ning of the school year. The new plan of 
taking missionary messages to churches 
near by has been paralleled by the renewed 
activity in every phase of Christian life 
among the students. Incidentally, Mt. Mor- 
ris has more than twice as many volunteers 
now as she had at the close of school last 

The McPherson Volunteer Band is the 
center of the spirit of missionary enterprise 
which is getting a firm hold on many of the 
students of the college. The meetings of 
the. band are well attended, and the mission- 
ary deputation work is being vigorously 
pushed with the cooperation of every church 
in the District. The presence of Brother 
and Sister Crumpacker at McPherson has 
served to crystallize in missionary matters 
some of the McPherson spirit of vigorous, 
optimistic activity. 

Concerning the Volunteer Band at Lords- 
burg College, Bro. Frantz writes: "I found 
the volunteers quite active and enthusiastic. 
Ibelieve that a hardy growth can be expect- 
ed in the near future. The faculty of Lords- 
burg is heartily in favor of the Volunteer 
Band and its work." It might wel-1 be said 
that the cooperation and encouragement 
given to the Volunteer Bands by the facul- 
ties of the respective schools is one of the 
large assets of their work. 

Further information concerning the con- 
dition of the various Volunteer Bands can 
be gleaned from the statistics regarding 
Volunteer Band membership to be found 
elsewhere in this Visitor. Observe, how- 
ever, these two warnings: the figures gath- 
ered only in passing may not be absolutely 
accurate; charity must needs be exercised 
in comparing the figures for the various 
bands, remembering the statement of Paul, 
"They, measuring themselves by them- 
selves, and comparing themselves with 
themselves, are without understanding." 


By referring to the statistics at the close 
of this article you will find that there were 
approximately 1,800 students in our colleges 
during the first part of the year. Of this 


The Missionary Visitor 


number probably 1,200 are members of the 
Church of the Brethren. Of the entire stu- 
dent bodies, 295 are active volunteers, defin- 
itely planning to devote their lives to def- 
inite Christian work. A few of these are 
members of other denominations. But of 
the 1,200 students who are of our own 
church, not fewer than 275, and likely more, 
are in school, getting an education, not for 
selfish pleasure, not for money making, but 
to serve the church. This should be con- 
vincing evidence of the value of the schools 
to the church. 

The fact that so large a number of stu- 
dents have as their highest ambition to serve 
the church should be a prophecy that in the 
coming decade there will be a much larger 
number of men and women supported by 
the church to work for the salvation of 
souls. Here we are, 275 of us, ready to give 
freely our time, our energy, our hopes of 
home and home comforts, even our lives, 
for the sake of lost souls for whom Christ 
died. What will the church give? Will she 
give us her encouragement, her prayers, 
and sufficient of her God-given wealth to 
enable us to do the service we long to do 
for her and for her God? 

Let it not be supposed that these figures 
represent the total number of volunteers. 
There are some of our number who, for 
financial or other reasons, are not in school 
for a time. Some are in other schools, such 
as medical college. Most of them could not 
be counted in these statistics. Besides this 
there are many who at one time were volun- 
teers in school, but who are now out in the 
active service of the Master. These are the 
tested volunteers, who have proved their 
devotion by the life of actual sacrifice and 
abundant toil. And there are many such 

true volunteers who never had an opportu- 
nity in the days of their youth to make such 
declarations of holy purposes as we have 

Judging from these figures alone, one 
might imagine that there would soon be 106 
men and women ready to sail for India or 
China. But some of us may never get to 
go, on account of poor health or some 
other disqualification, and very few of us 
expect to be ready to go within the next 
year or two. A comparison of the figures 
reveals that barely one-half of all the volun- 
teers have yet completed their preparatory 
courses; about the same proportion holds 
with the foreign volunteers. Of the 106, 
only thirteen expect to graduate from col- 
lege this spring. Of these thirteen, ten plan 
to continue their education with a biblical 
course, one with a university course, and 
two with medical courses; none expect to 
be ready to sail to the field this year. 




(Continued from Page 83) 

tire. At times the room becomes full of 

coal gas from the fire in the kang; then we 

strip off pieces of paper from the windows 

to let the gas out. The Chinese windows 

are made of paper instead of glass. To open 

it one would just strip off the paper. 

After this adventurous day you may think 
we will reach Liao in a few hours, but you 
are mistaken, for we must spend one or 
two more days like this before we arrive 
there. But do not be sorry that you have 
come when I tell you this, for at Liao you 
will receive a warm welcome. 

Esther Bright. 


As Reported to the Traveling Secretary, Autumn, 1916 

1. Daleville 

2. Bridgewater, . 

3. Hebron, 

4. Blue Ridge, .. 

5. Elizabethtown, 

6. Juniata 

7. Manchester, . . 

8. Bethany 

9. Mt. Morris, . . . 

10. McPherson, .. . 

11. Lordsburg, .. . 

•Approximate figures only. 

Total No. 
in School 
' 100 



' 130 

1 100 

' 250 





* 70 



























Men Women 

College Academy 
and or 

Grad. Prep'tory Total 


















































The Missionary Visitor 



Roy Frantz 

March 11-17.— BULSAR, INDIA. 

This is our oldest mission station, started 
in 1895. It is the only one working in this 
territory. Our missionary force consists of: 
Brother and Sister Ross — building construc- 
tion and teaching. Doctors Cottrell — medi- 
cal work. Brother and Sister Blough — Bible 
school and evangelistic. Ida C. Shumaker — 
girls' school and women. H. P. Garner and 
wife, A. T. Hoffert, Goldie Swartz, Jennie 
Mohler, language study. 
Pray for each one of these, individually, es- 
pecially if you know them personally. 
Our force here seems large, but hardly ad- 
equate to bring the Gospel to the 90,000 
people in this county. 
Pray that the large corps of native Chris- 
tians being trained here" in the Bible 
school and other departments may - be 
fitted to carry forward the work most 
Remember the hospital buildings which 
are so much needed. Some have been 
erected -but a better equipment is very 
March 18-24.— JALALPOR, INDIA. 

The work here is in charge of Brother 
and Sister Emmert. 
Pray for this large county, which has so 

few Christians within its borders. 
Remember the village schools, which aim at 
Christianity through an education. These 
schools are led by natives, who sometimes 
are subject to cruel persecution. Much 
good work is being done among the fish- 
ermen within this territory, especially in 
an educational way. Thank the Lord for 
these many open doors. 
March 25-31.— UMALLA, INDIA. 

Our lieutenants in charge here are Broth- 
er and Sister Arnold, and Brother Holsop- 
ple. At one time this station had to be 
closed, but now it is open and doing a 
splendid work. Considerable land is owned 
by the mission, and this forms a large farm 
colony for the Christians. Farming and in- 
dustrial work are very important phases of 
the training given. 

Pray for Brother and Sister Arnold, who 
are somewhat strange to the work at 

this place, having recently been in lan- 
guage study. 

Remember Bro. Holsopple, who is now sep- 
arated from his companion on account of 
her health. Pray that she may speedily 
be restored to him and the work. 

Pray for the teachers of the schools among 
the natives and for the children who at- 


Our missionaries in China are eagerly 
looking forward to the time when they 
can fully equip the stations which they 
have, but they also are anxious to reach 
the half million or more yet neighbors to 
them. Three large towns are especially 
inducive for a Christian conquest. 

In India, the opportunity is ripe for Amer- 
ican missionaries to take over many of 
the English stations which are being neg- 
lected. Also, there are whole villages 
which have begged for Christian teachers 
to come and show them the true way, in 
Christ Jesus. The opportunities for teach- 
ers in village schools are always open. 

For those on the fields, these prospects are 
large enough. Let us lend our utmost 
assistance to make these places profitable 
so that the Lord's name may be glori- 


We pray for the missionary in his work; 
we think of the churches and their work; 
we remember the volunteers in their 
preparation for service; but when do we 
find time to intercede for the General 
Mission Board, which has direct or indi- 
rect charge of all this? Surely, they have 
responsibilities which merit our most ar- 
dent prayers. Let us this week remember 
them in their respective offices. 
The members of the board are as fol- 

D. L. Miller, life advisory member. 

H. C. Early, president. 

J. J. Yoder. 

Galen B. Royer, secretary-treasurer 

Otho Winger, vice-president. 

A. P. Blough. 


The Missionary Visitor 




In the January Visitor under India Orphanage 
the $20.00 credited to Mrs. R. J. Mishler, North- 
eastern Ohio, should have been credited to the 
Springfield Aid Society instead. 

During January the General Mission Board 
sent out 168,881 pages of tracts. 

The following amounts have been donated to 
the Board's funds for mission work during the 
month of January: 


Indiana— $558.06. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Bethany, $50.50; Rock Run, $14.45; 
Walnut, $7.72; Yellow Creek, $10.07; 

Cedar Lake, $9.47 92 21 


Rock Run, 18 96 


Alfred and Anna Haines. Middlebury, 
$50 ; Nora M. Shively, $10 ; Elizabeth Hay, 
$5; Christ Stouder, $5; Etta Ohme, $10; 
Annetta Johnson, $2.50; Melvin D. Neff, 
$10; Beulah Manahan, $5; Sam'l E. 
Good, $1; Dan'l B. Hardman, $2; Elias 
Fashbaugh, $9; Fern Grosh, $1.30; C. 
Walter Warstler (marriage notice), 50 
cents; J. H. Fike (marriage notice), 50 
cents; John Bollinger, $5; Mary Lam- 

madee, $2.50 ; A Brother, $10 129 30 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Eel River 19 48 


Loon Creek 32 78 

Manchester Praver Meeting, 10 00 

Manchester Bible Institute, 148 27 

Class No. 8, Salamonie, 12 11 


David Eikenberry, $2; Leroy Graft, $5; 
J. D. Rife, $1.20; John M. Hoover. $1.25; 
Odis P. Clingenpeel. $2; B. F. France, 
$22; James Himelick, $2.50; Elizabeth 
Kintner, $4; Emma J. Reiff, $5.25; John 
H. Cupp, $1; John E. Miller, 50 cents, 46 70 
Southern District,- Congregation. 

Mt. Pleasant 5 11 


Mt. Pleasant, 10 89 


Marthetta Kitch, $2.05; Henrv Acker, 
$1; W. H. Friend, 20 cents; Chas. El- 
lenberger, $1; Flora A. Benham, $25; 

John Herr, $3, 32 25 

Pennsylvania — $424.98. 

Western District, Congregation. 

Manor, 1 00 


Summit, Brothers' Valley 12 33 


S. C. Johnson, $35; S. J. Miller, $6; 
Amanda Roddy, $10; Alice A. Roddy, $5; 
J. W. Rummel, $2; H. L. Griffith, $8: 
Linda Griffith. $5; Cora Christner, 70 
cents; R. T. Hull (marriage notice), 50 
cents; Sarah A. Johnson, $1; Rachel 
Fox, 50 cents; Individual. Manor, $10; 

A sister. Middle Creek, $6.44 90 14 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Point. Dunnings Creek 5 00 

Clover Creek Mission Society, 10 00 


J. N. Cogran, $3.50: Aaron Teeter. $2; 
Thos. Harden and Family, $1; Sister J. 
C. Miller, $2: John Snoberger, $3: D. 
G. Snyder, $2; Isaac Replogle, $1.20; 
Rachel Rhodes, $1: S. N. Brumbaugh, 
$1: Jas. C. Wineland, $1; Annie E. 

Miller. $5 22 70 

Eastern District. Congregations. 

Hatfield. $42.96: West Green Tree, 
$42.R7; White Oak, $23.32; Norristown, 

$1 7.49 ; Conestoga, $16.31, 142 95 


Ridgely, 6 76 


Sam'l H. Hertzler, $10; Cassie Yoder, 
$1; S. Francis Harner, $1.20; A. H. 
Longenecker, $5; Abram Fackler, $1; 

A. sister, $1, $ 19 20 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Lost Creek, 30 00 


J. J. Oiler, $30; M. O. Myers, $7; Sol- 
omon Strawser, $6.30; Alice K. Trim- 
mer, $5; C. W. Reichard, $3; Helen 
Price, $2.50; John Sprenkel, $1; Char- 
lotte Sprenkel, $1; Edward Sprenkel, 
$1; Julia Sprenkel, $1 ; Charles Sprenkel, 
$5; G. W. Harlacher, $1.50; Barbara 
Leiter, $1; Mrs. J. H. Potter, 90 cents; 

Ross D. Murphy, 87 cents, 67 07 

Southeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Coventry, 15 83 


Sarah Booz, $1; Wm. F. Young, $1,.. 2 00 

Canada — $308.30. 

Western District, Congregation. 

Irricana 20 00 


Louisa Shaw, $2.90; B. Protzman, 
$2.40; Jesse Cox and wife, $5; Carey C. 
Deeter, $5; A brother, $148; J. D. Reish 

and wife, $125, 288 30 

Ohio— $291.42. 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Pleasant View, 31 00 


Claude G. Vore and wife, $3; John 
Hane, $2.90; F. A. Sellers, $3; L. E. 
Kauffman. $1.20; A sister, Lick Creek, 

$1, 11 10 

Northeastern District, Congregations. 

Mohican, $8.60 ; Zion Hill, $1, 9 60 


Freeburg, $67; Science Hill, Free- 
burg, $36.70, 103 70 

Aid Society. 

Owl Creek, 10 00 


Mr. and Mrs. Ray Helser, $25; Isaac 
Brumbaugh, $10; Isaac Olinger, $5; Geo. 
Hartsough, $5; Mrs. D. B. Grubb, $5; 
Rena Heestand, $1.65; Vesta Sanor, 65 
cents; Individuals, 75 cents; Mrs. Jack- 
son Bechtel, $1.60; Amanda Troxel, $1; 
Ethel Hauenstein, 10 cents ; Sadie Moher- 
man, $1; J. J. Nittrauer, 50 cents; S. J. 

Esterly, $1, 58 25 

Southern District. 

Primary Class, Pleasant Valley, 60 

Proceeds of one load of corn, a sis- 
ter, Bradford 29 47 


Jas. K. Shroyer and wife, $20; J. A. 
Miller, $4.80; J. C. Brenner, $1.20; Mrs. 
D. M. Boyer, $2.60; Van B. Wright 
(marriage notice), 50 cents; Jacob P. 
Getz, $5; W. H. Folkerth, $1.20; Jesse K. 
Brumbaugh, $1.20; W. C. Teeter, $1.20, 37 70 
Iowa — $157.15. 
Northern District, Individuals. 

Sam'l Beeshly, $10; Jacob Lichty, 
$6; Henry Sheller, $5; W. C. Kimmel, 
$5; Susanna Burd, $5; Uriah S. Blough, 
$4; Bertha M. Ruble, $1; J. H. Grady, 
Sr., $2.65; Julia A. Gilbert, $1; L. M. 
Eby, $2.50; Conrad Messer, $2.50: Louise 
Messer, $2.50 ; Hanna C. Messer, $1 ; T. L. 
Kimmel, $2; J. S. Hershberger. $1.50; D. 
Warren Shock (marriage notice), 50 centfs 52 15 
Middle District. Congregations. 

Coon River, $24.25; Garrison, $10 34 25 


J. B. Spurgeon, $25; Joseph Newcomer, 
Iowa River, $25; Frank Rhodes, $10; 
Lydia Ommen, $1; An individual, $2,.. 63 00 
Southern District, Sunday-schools. 

North English, $4.25; Franklin, $2,... 6 25 


The Missionary Visitor 

Christian Workers, Salem $ 150 

Illinois— $152.00. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Mt. Morris, $85.77 ; Dixon, $11, 96 77 


L. J. Gerdes, $10; E. P. Tro'stle, $5; 
Isaac and Sarah Rothrock. $3.38; Ira 
P. Eby, $5; A. L. Moat, $1.20; P. H. 
Graybill, $1.20; Mrs. J. G. Royer. $1; 
I. R. Beery (marriage notice). 50 cents; 
P. R. Keltner (marriage notice), 50 

cents, 27 78 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Blue Ridge, 00 


Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Brubaker. $5.20 ; 
James Wirt, $5; Hannah M. Wirt, $5; 
Florence Seymour, $2.60; Mary A. Bru- 
baker, 65 cents, 18 45 

Michigan— $113.30. 

New Haven, 30 00 


Sam'l and Lizzie Studebaker, per D. 
E. Hilsamer, $60; Geo. Stivers, $1.50; 
J. C. Harrison, $2.40; Mrs. Will Rowen, 
$1; Perry McKimmy, $2.40; Ralph E. 
Cortright, $4; Jos. J. Robison, $2; F. 

E. Strohm, $5; Individual, $5 83 30 

Idaho— $112.50. 

Boise Valley, $103; Winchester, $4.25, 107 25 

M. M. Custer, $2.25; L. Clanin, $2; 

Mrs. W. P. Gross, $1, 5 25 

Virginia— $102.78. 

First District, Sunday-school. 

Pleasant View, Chestnut Grove, W. 

Va., 25 00 


Pauline Nolley, $10; C. W. Mauzy and 
family, W. Va., $4.25; Wm. Metzler, W. 

Va., $1 ; Alice Harman, $1, 16 25 

Second District, Individuals. 

John T. Wright, $1; J. S. Wright, 
50 cents; Caricofe Sisters, 50 cents; S. 
T. Glick, $1; Aaron S. Ringgold, $1; 
Barbara V. Ringgold, 25 cents; Benj. F. 
Miller, 25 cents ; Sam'l L. Huffman. $1.20 ; 
Jacob H. Cline, $1; Lethe A. Liskey, 
$1.20; J. L. Driver, $1; Nannie O. Hum- 
bert. 50 cents; Sam'l Garber, $3; Nannie 
J. Miller, 40 cents; E. D. Kendig, $1; 
Bettie E. Caricofe, 50 cents; Mattie V. 
Caricofe, 50 cents; John D. Huddle, 28 
cents; S. A. Garber, $1; Mrs. P. J. 
Craun, 50 cents ; S. T. Glick, $1 ; S. Frank 

Cox, 50 cents ; Susan J. Ritchie, $2, 20 08 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Powells Fort, 2 00 


Cedar Grove, Flat Rock, 5 00 


Mollie V. Aleshire, $2; Phebe E. Stultz, 
$1; D. R. Miller, 26 cents; J. M. Lam, 
$1; J. R. Kindig (marriage notice), 50 
cents; Mrs. J. G. Kline, $1; D. S. Neff, 

$1.50; Dan'l M. Good, $2.50 9 76 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Nokesville 20 19 


Elizabeth Harley, $1.50; E. E. Blough, 

$1 ; Geo. W. Shaffer, $2 4 50 

West Virginia — $80.89. 

First District, Congregations. 

Harnes Run, $25.79; Knobley, $2.80; 

Old Furnace, $6, 34 59 


Catherine Harper, $13.25; R. E. Reed, 
$7.05; S. M. Annon, $1; M. W. Reed, $1; 
H. W. Schell, $6.50; A brother and sis- 
ter, Beaver Run, $10, 38 80 

Second District, Individuals. 

E. Lodge Ross, $6; J. F. Ross, $1.50, 7 50 

Maryland— $80.72. 
Western District, Individual's. 

Jphn A. Merrill, $5; Stella Mosser, 

$3.50, $ 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Beaver Creek, $12; Brownsville, $5.50; 

Myersville, $12.28 


John A. Myers, 

Eastern District, Sunday-school. 

Westminster, Meadow Branch 


Annie R. Stoner, $15; John D. Roop, 
$3; Christian Krabill, Dela., $10: Amos 
Wampler, $1; W. H. Swam, $1; Wm. E. 

Gosnell, $2.95 ; S. E. Engler, $1, 

Washington— $68.50. 

East Wenatchee, $25; Sunnyside, $4.70, 

Macdonalds, $25; Sarah Roper, $10: 
W. H. Tigner (marriage notice), 50 
cents; Lena Metcalf, Mt. Hope, 50 cents; 
Individuals, Mt. Hope, $1.70; Individuals, 

Sunny Slope, $1.10, 

Kansas — $161.59. 

Northwestern District, Individuals. 

Mary R. Moler, $1; Cora Jackson, $1; 
J. R. Garber (marriage notice), 50 cents, 
Northeastern District, Individuals. 

J. W. Moser, $50 ; Howard Button. $2.1 ; 
C. W. Larsen, $5.20; F. E. McCune and 

wife, $4 ; Mary A. Steele, $1, 

Southwestern District, Congregation. 

Larned, South Side, 

Christian Workers. 

Pleasant View 


J. D. Yoder, Monitor 

Mis s our i — $16.65. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Mrs. J. S. Bowman, 

Middle District, Individuals. 

E. M. Mohler, $14; A. Wampler, $10; O. 
Perry Hoover, $6; Wm. H. Wagner, 
$2.50; Nannie C. Wagner, $2.50; D. H. 

Baker, $2 ; Mary M. Cox, 25 cents 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Two Sisters, 

Nebraska — $45.00. 

Frank and Esther Musselman. $25; P. 
A. Nickey and wife, $10; L. Hoffert, $4; 

Susana Smith, $1; M. M. Kline, $5 

California— $36.33. 

Northern California, Sunday-school. 

Live Oak 


W. C. Lehman, $6; J. S. Kamerer, $1; 
P. S. & E. A. Hartman, $1.50; T. N. 
Beckner, $2.60 ; Sarah J. Beckner, $1 : 
J. Harman Stover (marriage notice), 50 


Southern District, Congregation. 



Magdalena Myers, $5; Mary M. Hep- 
ner, $5; Edmund Forney, $3; Josephine 
Knee, $3; Mrs. M. Q. Calvert, $1; J. 

Scott Snively, $1 

Oregon — $18.77. 



Brother and Sister M. R. Caslow, $10: 
A. E. Troyer, $2; Conrad Fitz, $2.50; 

Sam'l Stump, 27 cents, 

Tennessee— $18.15. 

Mountain Valley, 


Selina J. Pence, $3.50; J. R. Satter- 

field, $1, 

Oklahoma — $15.50. 



Ella Garst 

8 50 



The Missionary Visitor 


North Dakota— $8.10. 


Pleasant Hill $ 5 10 


Iva Morter, $1 ; Thos. Allan (marriage 
notice), 50 cents; D. F. Landis, $1.50, ... 3 00 

Colorado — $7.02. 
Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Bethany 3 52 


Jeannette Barnhart 1 50 

Southeastern District, Individual. 

Mary E. Haney, 2 00 

Delaware— $5.00. 

David Hochstedler and -wife, $3; Beu- 
lah Hostedler, $1; A brother and sister, 

$1, 5 00 

New Mexico — $5.00. 

Otis and Louisa Weimer 5 00 

North Carolina — $3.00. 

Brummets Creek 3 00 

Louisiana — $1.20. 

W. B. Woodard, 1 20 

Massachusetts — $1.00. 

Mabel A. Taylor, 1 00 

Florida— $1.00. 


John M. Lutz 1 00 

Wisconsin — $1.00. 

Mrs. Alpha Braithwaite 100 

Montana — $1.00. 


J. S. Geiser (marriage notices), 1 00 

Arizona— $0.50. 

Rachel E. Gillett (marriage notice), .. 50 

Texas — $0.50. 

Mary Hanna, 50 

Minnesota — $0.50. 

Chas. C. Cripe (marriage notice), ... 50 

Unknown — $0.80. 80 

Total for the month, $ 2.828 21 

Previously received, 38,684 48 

For the year so far, $41,512 60 


Call fornla— $109.25. 

Northern District. Congregations. 

Raisin City. $23.62; Fresno. $20.67; 
Reedlev, $18.75; Live Oak, $6.50; Elk 

Creek, $5 ; Rio Linda, $4.01 78 55 

Southern District, Congregation's. 

Los Angeles, $21.22; Tropico, $9.48, ... 30 70 

Indiana— $15.24. 
Northern District, Congregation, 

Nappanee 00 

Middle District. 

Huntington County, Christian Work- 
ers 6 24 

Missouri — $8.75. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Plattsburtr 6 25 

Sunbeam Class, Walnut Grove, Platts- 

burg 2 50 

Maryland — $7.00. 

Western District, Individual. 

Mary E. Arnold, 6 00 

Eastern District. Individual. 

Fannie S. Molesworth, 1 00 

Illinois— $5.00. 

Northern District. Individual. 

Margaret R. Williams $ 5 00 

Kansas — $5.00. 

Southwestern District, Individual. 

J. D. Yoder, Monitor, 5 00 

Ohio — $4.76. 
Northwestern District. 

Class No. 1, Hickory Grove, Silver 
Creek, 4 7fi 

Total for Mip month $ 155 00 

Previously received 818 42 

For the year so far $ 073 42 

Pennsylvania — $199.50. 
Western District. Sunday-school. 

Pike. Middle Creek, $ 20 00 

Aid Society. 

Meversdalo 20 00 

Truth Seekers, O. A. B. Class, Elk 

Lick 500 


A. J. Miller, $22; Individual, Manor, 

$25 47 00 

Eastern District. Congregation. 

Lititz 40 00 


Mechanic Grove 20 00 

Christian Workers. 

Norristown 2 50 

Missionary Workers, Midway, 20 00 

Southeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Green Tree 25 00 

Illinois— $89.00. 

Northern District. Individuals. 

Kate Dover. Yellow Creek, $52; Lizzie 

Studebaker. $20 72 00 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Centennial, 5 00 

Aid Society. 

Centennial 5 00 

Willing Workers, Allison Prairie, 7 00 

Nebraska — $80.00. 

Beatrice, 20 00 


No. 8. Kearney, $30 ; " I'll Try " Class, 

Afton. $5 35 00 


Frank and Esther Musselman, 25 00 

Ohio— $76.57. 

Northwestern District, Sunday-school. 

Pleasant View 7 50 

Christian Workers. 

Sugar Creek, 9 07 

Northeastern District. Sunday-schools. 

Suerar Creek. $15: Freeburg. $20 35 00 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Pittsburg, 20 00 


Katie Riley 5 00 

Kan sas — $40.63. 

Southwestern District. Sunday-school. 

Conway Springs, 6 63 


J. D. Yoder. Monitor 20 00 

Northeastern Dist., Christian Workers. 

Kansas City, 20 00 

Indiana — $35.97. 
Northern District. 

Elite Class. Elkhart City 6 45 

Middle District, Classes. 

Primary. Loon Creek, $9.45; Two 

Classes. Salamonie, $5.07 14 52 

Aid Society. 

Manchester, 10 00 


Mrs. Owen Murph y 5 00 

Virginia— $32.00. 

Second District, Congregation. 

Bridgewater, 32 QQ 


The Missionary Visitor 


Minnesota — $30.00. 


Worthington $ 20 00 

Willing Workers' Class, Worthington, 10 00 
Michigan — $16.00. 

Crystal, $8 ; Sunfield, $8, 16 00 

Florida — $5.00. 

Santa Rosa 5 00 

Iowa — $5.00. 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

South Keokuk 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 615 67 

Previously received, 2,044 44 

For the year so far, $ 2,660 11 

Indiana — $72.05. 

Northern District, Sunday-schools. 

Cedar Creek, $17.50; Baugo, $10 $ 27 50 

Middle District, Classes. 

Anti-Can't, Salamonie, $25; Y. M. 
Class, Salamonie, $7.55; Sister Crull's 
Class, Huntington, $12 44 55 

Colorado — $50.00. 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Sterling, 50 00 

California— $18.30. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Oak Grove 18 30 

Pennsylvania — $8.05. 
Western District, Individual. 

Wilbur J. Habecker TOO 

Middle District. 

Junior Girls, Woodbury, 5 00 

Primary Class, Woodbury, 2 05 

Oregon — $5.00. 

Brother Buck 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 153 40 

Previously received 1,023 45 

For the year so far, $ 1,176 85 

Pennsylvania — $19.73. 
Western District. 

Mrs. M. S. Peck's Class, Summit, 

Brothers Valley, $ 14 73 

Middle District, Individuals. 

John S. Baker and wife, 5 00 

Illinois— $6.00. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Dixon, 6 00 

Virginia— $5.00. 
First District. 

Mrs. Layman's Class, Cloverdale, 5 00 

Indiana — $5.00. 

Southern District, Christian Worker's. 
Pyrmont, 5 00 

Total for the month $ 35 73 

Previously received, 344 99 

For the year so far $ 380 72 


Pennsylvania — $135.00. 

Western District, Aid Societies. 

Scalp Level, $50; Uniontown, $25, ...$ 75 00 

Katie Hershberger 5 00 

Middle District, Aid Society. 

Huntingdon 65 00 

Iowa — $90.56. 

Middle District, Aid Society. 

Dallas Center, 50 00 

Nellie Myers Class, Panther Creek, . . 40 56 

Indiana — $58.05. 

Northern District, Christian Workers. 

Second South Bend, $4.53; Turkey 

Creek, $1.60, $ 

Aid Societies. 

New Salem, $17.50; Middlebury, $10,.. 
Southern District, Aid Society. 

Southern District Societies, 

Christian Workers. 


Nebraska— $33.43. 

South Beatrice, 

Aid Societies. 

South Beatrice, $10; Beatrice, $6, .... 
Ohio— $29.00. 
Northwestern District, Individual. 

Sister Sponseller, 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Sugar Creek, 

Southern District, Individual. 

Sara Bigler, 

Michigan— $25.00. 
Aid Society. 

Woodland Village, 

Missouri — $13.00. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

Dorcas, Rockingham, 


Mary P. Ellenberger, 

Colorado — $10.00. 

Southeastern District, Aid Society. 


Maryland — $10.00. 

Middle District, Aid Society. 

Pleasant View, 

Eastern District, Aid Society. 

New Windsor, Pipe Creek, 

Idaho— $6.50. 


6 13 

27 50 

15 00 

4 42 

17 43 

16 00 

3 00 

25 00 

1 00 

Kansas — $5.75. 

Northeastern District, Congregation. 

25 00 

10 00 
3 00 

10 00 

5 00 

6 50 
5 75 

Total for the month, $ 411 29 

Previously received 1,174 49 

For the year so far, $ 1,585 78 


Nebraska — $75.00. 


P. A. Nickey and wife, $50; Frank and 
Esther Musselman, $25, $ 75 00 

Total for the month, $ 75 00 

For the year so far, $ 75 00 

Pennsylvania — $88.71. 

Middle District, Classes. 

No. 1, Bethel, Yellow Creek, 73 cents; 
No. 2, Bethel, Yellow Creek, 57 cents ; 

No. 3, Bethel, Yellow Creek, $1.41 $ 2 71 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Elizabethtown, 86 00 

Virginia— $46.72. £ 

First District, Congregation. 

Daleville, 23 94 

Second District, Congregation. 

Bridgewater, 12 52 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Greenmount, 10 26 

Maryland— $33.71. 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Pipe Creek 33 71 

Ohio— $25.00. 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Wooster, , 25 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Illinois— $20.21. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

La Place, $10 ; Mt. Morris, $4 $ 14 00 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Cerro Gordo 6 Z\ 

Kansas — $11.00. 

Southwestern District, Individuals. 

J. D. Yoder, Monitor, $5; Mrs. I. C 

Vaniman, $5, z'W.V'W 10 °° 

Southeastern District, Individual. 

M. E. Stair 1 00 

South Carolina — $5.00. 

S. P. Jones 5 00 

California— $3.00. 

Southern District, Individuals. 
A. A. Neher and wife, 3 00 

Total for the month $ 233 35 

Previously received, 1,336 78 

For the year so far, $ 1,570 13 


Indiana— $83.27. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Walnut $ 22 00 

Aid Society. 

West Goshen, 22 00 

Class No. 4, Elkhart Valley 25 00 

Middle District. „ -<§ M 

South Whitley China Mission Band,.. 11 00 
Southern District, Congregation. 

Rossville, 3 27 

i Ohio— $51.60. 

i Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Lima 22 00 


Pleasant View, 7 50 

Southern District, Individual. 

Mrs. Harvey Mote, 22 00 

Pennsylvania — $45.50. 

Western District, Christian Workers. 

Scalp Level 11 00 

Individual. _ . 

A. J. Miller, 22 00 

Eastern District, Christian Workers. 

Ephrata, $10; Norristown, $2.50, ... 12 50 

Nebraska— $25.00. 

Frank and Esther Mu'sselman, 25 00 

Kansas — $22.46. 

Southwestern District, Individual. 

J. D. Yoder, Monitor 20 00 

Southeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Independence, 2 46 

Missouri— $22.00. 

Middle District, Christian Workers. 

Mound 22 00 

California— $6.00. 
Southern District. 

Beginners Class, Inglewood, 6 00 

Oregon — $5.00. 

Evergreen, Myrtle Point, 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 260 73 

Previously received, 1,097 36 

For the year so far, $ 1,358 09 


Illinois— $48.69. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Dixon $ 6 00 

Aid Society. 

Hastings Street, Chicago, 2 50 


Two Classes, Mt. Morris, $20.19; Mus- 
tard Seed Class, Milled geville, $20 40 19 

Canada— $45.00. 

Western District, Individual's. 

A sister and family, $ 45 00 

Pennsylvania — $15.00. 
Middle District, Individuals. 

Jno. S. Baker and wife, 5 00 

Eastern District, Sunday-school. 

Freystown, Little Swatara, 10 00 

Washington— $12.00. 

Cheerful Workers' Class, Sunnyslope, 12 00 
Mary Ian d — $5.00. 
Middle District, Aid Society. 

Pleasant View, 5 00 

Virginia— $5.00. 
Northern District. 

Willing Workers, Newdale, Unity, ... 5 00 

Ohio— $3.00. 
Southern District. 

Young Ladies' Class, Lower Miami, . . 3 00 

Indiana — $1.50. 
Middle District, Indviduals. 

Katie Holsinger, Upper Deer Creek, 
$1; Vasie Holsinger, Upper Deer Creek, 
50 cents, , 1 50 

Total for the month, $ 135 19 

Previously received, 648 87 

For the year so far, $ 784 06 


Indiana — $13.52. 

Southern District. 

I'll Try Class, Rossville, $ 13 52 

Illinois— $2.50. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

Hastings Street, Chicago, 2 50 

Pennsylvania — $1.00. 
Western District, Individual. 

Wilbur J. Habecker 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 17 02 

Previously received, 104 80 

For the year so far, $ 121 82 


Kansas — $11.30. 
Southwestern District. 

Golden Rule Class, Monitor, $ 11 30 

Indiana— $5.22. 
Southern District. 

Faithful Gleaners, Rossville, 5 22 

Pennsylvania^ — $5.00. 
Western District, Aid Society. 

Jacobs Creek, 5 00 

California — $0.65. 
Southern District. 

Third Year Primary, Covina, 65 

Total for the month $ 22 17 

Previously received, 122 70 

For the year so far, $ 144 87 


Virginia— $398.34. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

I. W. Miller and wife, $30; Maggie 
Beery, $5; Melrose Sunday-school, $5; D. 
R. Miller, $100; J. W. Myers, $100; Vir- 
gil Miller, $25; E. M. Wampler, $33.34; 

Annie R. Wampler, $100, 398 34 

Kansas — $5.00. 

Southeastern District, Christian Workers. 

Fredonia 5 00 

Total for the month $ 403 34 

Previously received, 1,272 54 

For the year so far 1,675 88 


The Missionary Visitor 



Indiana — $9.67. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Oak Grove, North Liberty, $ 6 67 

Middle District, Individual. 

Scott Clark 3 00 

Total for the month $ 9 67 

Previously received, 1,243 26 

For the year so far $ 1,252 93 


Pennsylvania — $5.00. 

Middle District, Individuals. 

John S. Baker and wife, $ 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 5 00 

Previously received, .- 11 00 

For the year so far $ 16 00 


California — $0.40. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Ralph and Beulah Hastie, 

Total for the month, 
Previously received, 

California— $0.40. 

Southern District, Individuals. 
Mrs. Hastie and Ruth, 

Total for the month, 
Previously received, 

For the year so far, 



.$ 40 

57 60 

For the year so far, $ 58 00 



48 25 

48 65 

Maryland— $1.00. 

Eastern District, Individual. 
W. H. Swam, $ 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 1 00 

Previously received, 31 90 

For the year so far, $ 32 90 


Canada— $21.50. 

Western District, Individual. 
E. Frantz $■ 21 50 

Total for the month, $ 21 50 

Previously received 23 50 

For the year so far, $ 45 00 

Canada— $25.00. 
Western District. 

B. R. M., $ 25 00 

Pennsylvania— $11.00. 

Western District. 

Class No. 2, Berlin, 10 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

Mrs. C. H. Balsbaugh, 1 00 

Nebraska— $10.00. 

P. A. Nickey and wife, 10 00 

Ohio— $6.00. 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Zion Hill 5 00 


C. W. Martin 1 00 

Maryland — $5.00. 

Middle District, Aid Society. 
Pleasant View 5 00 

Indiana— $5.00» 

Middle District, Aid Society. 

Peru, $ 5 00 

Illinois— $1.60. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Emma Carstensen, 160 

Total for the month, $ 63 60 

Previously received, 675 29 

For the year so far, $ 738 89^ 


Maryland — $70.00. 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Pleasant View, $ 70 00 

Illinois— $49.00. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Franklin Grove, 49 00 

Pennsylvania/ — $29:30. 
Western District, Classes. 

No. 6, Berlin, $1; No. 4, Berlin, $2,.... 3 00 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Tulpehocken, 26 30 

Iowa — $25.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Joseph Newcomer, Iowa River, ...... 25 00 

Colorado — $7.38. 

Western District, Congregation. 

First Grand Valley $ 7 38 

California — $6.30. 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Tropico, 6 30 

North Dakota— $5.11. 

York, 5 11^ 

Indiana — $5.00. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

Pleasant Valley 5 00 

Virginia— $4.14. 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Nokesville, 4 14 

Nebraska — $4.00. 

Sister B. S. Kindig, 4 00 

Kansas — $1.25. 

Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Ozawkie, „ 1 25 

Total for the month, , $ 206 48 

Previously received, 1,594 97 

For the year so far, $ 1,801 45 


(Continued from Page 87) 
language school for a few more months of 

There has been serious illness in both 
stations during the past couple of weeks. 
Our doctors called upon each other for as- 
sistance, but neither could leave at the time 
called for. Later, however, Dr. Wampler 
came to Liao for a brief stay and counsel, 
then hastened back to those who were 
needing him. Sisters Vaniman and Flory 
are much improved at this writing. 



D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Llf« Ad- GALEN B. ROTER, Elgin, 111. 

visory Member. OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, lad. 

H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa. 
J. J. TODER, McPherson, Kans. 


H. C. EARLY, President. J. H. B. WILLIAMS, Ass't Secretary, aad 

OTHO WINGER, Vice President. Editor of Missionary Visitor. 

GALEN B. ROYER, Secretary-Treasurer. 



Wine, A. F Aagade 26, 2 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 

Wine, Attie C, Aagade 26, 2 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 


Buckingham, Ida Friisgatan No. 2, MalmO, Sweden 

Graybill, J. F., Friisgatan No. 2, Malmfl, Swede* 

Graybill, Alice M Friisgatan No. 2, MalmO, Swedw 


Blough, Anna V., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Bright, J. Homer, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Bright, Minnie, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G., Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Cora M., Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Crumpacker, F. H. (on furlough) McPherson, Kans. 

Crumpacker, Anna N. (on furlough) McPherson, Kans. 

Cripe, Winnie, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Flory, Raymond C Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Flory, Lizzie N Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Horning, Emma, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Hutchison, Anna Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Metzger, Minerva Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Oberholtzer, I. E., North China Language School, Peking, Chili, China 

Oberholtzer, Elizabeth W., North China Language School, Peking, Chili, China 

Rider, Bessie M., North China Language School, Peking, Chili, China 

Senger, Nettie M., North China Language School, Peking, Chili, China 

Shock, Laura M., Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Vaniman, Ernest D., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Vaniman, Susie C, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Rebecca S., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 


Arnold, S. Ira, Post, Umalla, via Anklesvar, India 

Arnold, Elizabeth, Post, Umalla, via Anklesvar, India 

Blough, J. M Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Blough, Anna Z., Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond, Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Ebey, Adam (on furlough), North Manchester, Indiana 

Ebey, Alice K. (on furlough), North Manchester, Indiana 

Emmert, Jesse B., Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Emmert, Gertrude R., Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Eby, Anna M., .Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Garner, H. P Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Garner, Kathryn B Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida (on furlough) McPherson Hospital, McPherson, Kansas 

Hoffert, A. T Jalalpor. Surat Dist., India 

Holsopple, Q. A., Post, Umalla, via Anklesvar, India 

Holsopple, Kathren R. (on furlough) Elgin, 111. 

Kaylor, John I Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Kaylor, Rosa Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Lichty, Daniel J Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Lichty , Nora A., Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Long, I. S Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Long, Effle V., Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Miller, Eliza B., Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Miller, Sadie J Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Mohler, Jennie, Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Nickey, Dr. Barbara M., Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Pittenger, J. M Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Pittenger, Florence B Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Powell, Josephine, Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Royer, B. Mary, Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Ross, A. W Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Ross, Mrs. A. W., Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Shumaker, Ida C, Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Stover, W. B., Anklesvar, India 

Stover, Mary E., Anklesvar, India 

Swartz, Goldie, Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Widdowson, S. Olive, Anklesvar, India 

Ziegler, Kathryn, Anklesvar, India 

Please Notice — Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction 
thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 

THESE are days of much 
speculation. Expensive living, 
things once thot luxuries now being 

counted necessities add to the strain of " break- 
ing even " at the end of the year. This strain 
prompts many to take hold of enterprises 
which promise large returns, but which in re- 
ality offer no real security. For a short time 
they receive a good income, then SUDDENLY 
AWAKEN to the fact that the concern en- 
trusted with their savings has failed and they 
have lost all. All over the Brotherhood are 
widows who trusted just such investments and 
today are dependents: there are brethren old 
and unable to produce, who, having lost all, 
must live off the charities of the Church. Now 
THOSE THUS TRUSTED were by no means 
dishonest, nor did they intend to fail. But is it 
not wise to know thoroughly the character of 
the enterprise and not depend simply upon 
the " honesty," and " good intentions " of those 
who are to manage our investments? 

Before letting YOUR money go it 

is best to ask What is There Behind 

the Project ? 

The General Mission Board under its Annuity Plan has provided : 

3 That you have avoided contesting wills, 
paying heavy inheritance tax. 

4. That your money works for the Lord 
after you have received your reward. 

/. That you get a good income during 
your life time. 

2. That you have made distribution of 
your property according to your wishes 
and know it is done that way. 

~ Behind this whole proposition, --or the bond given you, --is 


as guarantee, and this sum is safely invested in first mortgages on farm lands alone. 

Hundreds who have taken bonds are pleased, --not one dissatisfied. Can anything be safer, 
better ? 

The Board is glad to give full and free information. Address 

General Mission Board 


o * 

• o 

If? 3s Eton 

The angel said unto the women, Fear not 
ye: for I know that ye seek Jesus^ Which 
hath been crucified. He is not here; for 
He is risen, even as He said. Come, see 
the place where the Lord lay. And go 
quickly and tell His disciples," He is risen 
from -the dead. . . . And they departed 
quickly from the tomb with fear and great 
joy, and ran to bring His disciples word. 

— Matthew. 

• •••*••© 

The Missionary Visitor 




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Contents for April, 1917 

— { — 



A Few Impressions of China, By I. E. Oberholtzer, 

Christmas in India, By Effie V. Long, . . .. 

Children in India: The Impressions of a New Missionary, By A. T. 

Hoffert, • }05 

Wrestling in Prayer, J06 

The Way India Does It, By Several Missionaries . . . 1U/ 

Echoes of the Country School, By Various Writer's 109 

The Boarding School, By Native Workers •ill 

John Grove Royer,- By the Editor, • J J- 

China Notes for January, By Emma Horning, l • -1L 

How God Reaches Our Feelings, By M. M. JEshelman, 114 

Weekly Prayer Hour, By Roy A. Frantz, • • 120 



Suggestions for the Volunteer Band, By the Traveling Secretary 117 

Active and Associate Membership, By the Traveling Secretary, 117 

The Faith Life, By Adra Boone,- ...... ...lib 

Sparks from Indiana Convention of Student Volunteers, By Cora L 

Heestand ' ; \~q 

The Unkind Critic, By Blanche Bonsack ■- 118 


The Johnny Family and What They Gave (Poem). By Wilbur 

Stover A -\ 

The African Herdboys' Sweets, . .* . . . i — 


The Missionary Visitor 

Volume XIX 

APRIL, 1917 

Number 4 


" He is risen! " Thus was the news so joy- 
ously broken to a world that thought it had 
lost its Savior. Sad-hearted, reminiscent, 
reverent, the women came to the tomb to 
perform the last service they could for the 
One Whom they had learned to love. 

But He was not there. Only the grave 
clothes, the place where He had lain, the 
empty tomb, and the angel's message. Rev- 
erence was lost in wonder, reminiscence 
gave way to fear, and sadness was trans- 
formed into joy as they hastened to bring 
the disciples word. 

///// r 

Women were the first to receive the news 
because they thought to be the last to min- 
ister to His body. Faithful, trustful wom- 
anhood! Not only first at the empty tomb, 
but first to greet the Redeemer of the 
world. And first to worship Him. How 
characteristic of the abiding faith of wom- 

To those apostles who lived and talked 
face to face with the risen Savior the real- 
ity of the resurrection was no " story," as 
some would consider it at the present time. 
The charm of this greatest victory over 
death was to them a vital, reassuring, con- 
vincing fact. 

They who had been weak, tired, dull, 
sleepy, doubting, denying folks, when the 
Lord was endeavoring to teach them the 
fundamental truths of His kingdom, through 
the effect of the resurrection, now became 
towers of faith in dependence upon God, 
pillars of strength in resisting evil, and fire- 
brands in spreading the truth; active, un- 
wearying, faithful unto death. 

He had broken the bread of life; He had fed 
the multitudes; He had conquered death. 
Upon such a foundation of accomplished 
work He stood and said, " Go ye into all 
the world and preach the gospel to every 

And then the Master went home; and the 
disciples went out into the world and told 
the story of His redeeming love. And those 
to whom they told the message told others, 
and these told others, and others told the 
story to strange peoples in the Northland 
and the message came through them to us. 

And then the parting message of the Sav- 
ior on the mount! He had healed their sick; 

How about the story of the resurrection 
at this Easter time, brother? Does it excite 
in your life any special throbbing desire to 
tell others the facts of the Risen Redeem- 
er? Or have you accepted the facts of this 
great event in the commonplace, matter-of- 
fact way that you would some ordinary 
event? Is it simply the story of the resur- 
rection, or is it the Old, Old Story of the 
resurrection? Let me tell you how you 
may know. By simply examining your own 
life to see if you have an insatiable longing 
to bear the good news to others. To those 
who lose this impulse we fear the resurrec- 
tion has lost its charm. 

///// r 

We regret to learn from China that Dr. 
O. G. Brubaker has been suffering serious- 
ly from an attack of appendicitis. Dr. Wam- 
pler hastened from Ping Ting Hsien to care 
for him, and Dr. Hemingway was called 
from an adjoining mission. The last reports 
we have indicated that an immediate op- 
eration would not be necessary. The fact 
that no cablegram has reached us from 
China gives hope that he is improving in 
health. ■<-« 

Sisters Minerva Metzger and Winnie 
Cripe plan to sail from Kobe, Japan, on the 


The Missionary Visitor 


steamship Empress of Asia April 18, reach- 
ing Vancouver, B. C, April 30. We hope 
that nothing may happen to delay them fur- 
ther, as passage from China and Japan at 
this time of year seems somewhat difficult 
to engage. 

Sister Ida Shumaker planned to sail from 
India, on the Steamship Malta, March 9, 
returning by way of the Pacific. Thus we 
are assured that she, too, will reach Amer- 
ica in time for our Annual Conference. 

Sister Effie V. Long, of Vyara, will sup- 
ply our readers with news from the India 
field during 1917, and Sister Emma Horn- 
ing will write us from China. Bro. Holsop- 
ple, of India, and Sister Winnie Cripe, who 
is returning on furlough, have been faithful 
during the past, and their services in send- 
ing us items of interest have been much ap- 

It has been very gratifying to receive so 
many letters in recent months inquiring 
about the support of native workers in India 
and China. The workers are now practi- 
cally all under support. Since the close of 
the fiscal year is likely to show a deficit 
in our world-wide fund, and as we are en- 
deavoring to build hospitals at Bulsar and 
Dahanu, India, and Liao Chou and Ping 
Ting, China, permit us to suggest that our 
donors consider these funds rather than 
definite supports for the present time. 

Many inquiries come to us regarding the 
needs of the peoples of Europe in these 
dreadful war times. We are glad to receive 
funds for the suffering in any field of the 
world and to forward the money wherever 
the donors may desire. We suggest that 
you send money to us and thus receive 
proper credit in our regular reports. In 
these times of great distress it is Christlike 
to remember those innocent ones who are 
suffering most through the ravages of war- 

Some years ago a dear brother and sister 
gave the Board a splendid amount of mon- 
ey on the annuity plan, the income to go to 
them during their lifetime and the principal 
to be used at their death. The income from 

this would be sufficient to enable the donors 
to live in very comfortable circumstances. 
But they have not been content to use it 
all for themselves. Recently one-half of 
the year's income was returned to the Board 
to use in erecting hospitals on the field. 
Such stewardship should be an example to 
many other brethren of wealth. 

" Have you ever stopped to think that 
there are more heathen in the world today 
than there were one hundred years ago, be- 
fore mission work was so earnestly begun? " 
Thus will the critic of missions seek to con- 
found the one who hears God's great com- 
mand. Yes, but — 

But listen. This is only the natural result 
of increasing population. And besides, do 
not forget that the influence of Christian 
teachings penetrates far deeper than the 
surface indication as expressed in numbers, 
of converts. )») > 

Think of the islands of the great Pacific 
— how their peoples were one time the most: 
unspeakable cannibals! Now the islands 
have been redeemed. Think of India, and 
how her systems, age old and cruel, are 
crumbling before the impact of Christianity 
and Western civilization. Think of China 
and how that sleeping giant has awakened 
and "paces the floor with her growing 
pains." Name any heathen nation you will 
on the face of the globe, read its history, 
and discover how difficult it is to explain 
the progress made, other than through the 
influence of Christianity. 

" A man in Burma possessed a copy of 
the Psalms in Burmese, which had been left 
by a traveler stopping at his house. Be- 
fore he had finished the first reading of the 
book he resolved to cast his idols away. 
For twenty years he worshiped the eternal 
God revealed to him in the Psalms, using 
the fifty-first, which he had committed to 
memory, as a daily prayer. Then a mission- 
ary appeared on the scene and gave him a 
copy of the New Testament. The story of 
salvation through Jesus Christ brought 
great joy to his heart, and he said: 'For 
twenty years I walked by starlight; now 1 
see the sun.'" ^->- 

In one of the warring countries of Eu- 
rope a placard, posted on every hand, 


The Missionary Visitor 


reads, " Save every penny you can and lend 
it to the government to help win this war. 
Help our men on the firing line by going 
without things and confining your spending 
to necessities. Cut off every luxury, and be 
sure that what you consider comforts are 
not really luxuries." Could we not consid- 
er our Master saying just such words as 
these to His disciples when He bade them 
go out into every heathen land and win 
spiritual victories over sin in His name? 
Likely this placard tells us why we do not 
win the world for Jesus. We are too prone 

to consider luxuries as just " comforts." 
What could the Church of the Brethren not 
do if we had such a practiced slogan for 
missionary giving! 

We all know the childhood prayer, " Now 
I lay me down to sleep." Pray it this way 
in the morning: 

" Now I get me up to work, 
I pray the Lord I may not shirk; 
If I should die before tonight, 
I pray my Lord the work's all right." 

— The Gideon. 


I. E. Oberholtzer 

THE China of today is mysterious and 
fascinating. She is both relic and 
prophecy; an entertainment and an 
education; an uplift and a menace; a series 
of apparent inconsistencies and contradic- 
tions; the least understood nation of mod- 
ern times. 

Dr. Arthur H. Smith was giving no un- 
timely advice, when, in addressing a body 
of newly-arrived missionaries, he said: 
"The new missionary should not be too 
free in using his tongue, pen or typewriter." 
It is not surprising that men of experience 
hesitate to give a comprehensive estimate 
of the Chinese people; or that books writ- 
ten by the same author at different periods 
are quite contradictory. A faithful state- 
ment of facts will often appear paradoxical 
to those unacquainted with Chinese char- 
acteristics. Hence the danger of speaking 
positively about " things Chinese," especial- 
ly so, when newly arrived. 

But " first impressions " we all have, and 
they are the ones that persist longest in our 
consciousness, be they correct or otherwise. 
In fact, they are the only impressions of 
China we now have " in stock." So while 
our stock is fresh and our inexperience as- 
sumed, we need offer no other apology for 
the writing of this paper. We will simply 
be doing what friends in America have 
asked us to do when they say: " Give us 
your ' first ' impressions of China." 

First of all, may we say that the Chinese 
of North China are a very different type 
from those found in South China and those 
whom we have first learned to know a? 

laundrymen. The American sees the Can- 
tonese laborers, unwisely called coolies, 
who have migrated to the land of gold, and 
immediately concludes that all Chinese are 
of this class. Not all Chinese are laundry- 
men or of the coolie class by any means, 
without any reflection on his work or class. 
In fact, we often wonder how any good 
laundryman can come out of China. South 
China gives only a few toward this occu- 
pation and North China none at all. The 
Chinese of the south are traditionally an 
agricultural people and small in stature, 
while the hills and mountains of the north 
have produced a taller and more muscular 
figure. The type with whom we shall have 
to deal in Shansi are mountaineers of the 
sturdiest kind. And surprised we were to 
find such a handsome figure. He is as 
sturdy as the " Great Wall " he built two 
thousand years ago, and which still stands 
as an enduring monument to the superb 
energy of the most energetic people in the 
world. It is this type of sinew that today is 
pouring itself out in the most exhausting 
way in the struggle for a scanty living. 

As we watch the coolie at his work, only 
one conclusion is possible — that the energy 
of these people is inexhaustible. It is not 
an unusual thing for an individual workman 
to continue a single task for eighteen hours, 
day after day. In the absence of carriages 
and good roads, a class of coolies have giv- 
en themselves over to hire, either as chair- 
bearers or rickshaw men. (A rickshaw is a 
narrow cart drawn by a runner.) Several 
times have we had occasion to hire one of 


The Missionary Visitor 


Girls' School Swing: and Teeter Board. Ping: Ting: Hsien 

this latter class to take us twelve or more 
miles. They do it quite as quickly as we 
would be willing to have our horses go 
under the same conditions of road and 
weather. We have been told of a pioneer 
missionary who did much country preach- 
ing, who would travel fifty or more miles a 
day with the same coolie drawing him, and 
the same coolie returning the next morning 
to be hired over again to go the next fifty 
miles. This gives a vague -idea of the 
physical fibre of these people. 

Secondly, China is an altogether peaceful 
land and its people surprisingly civilized. 
Who of us has not had some vague con- 
ception that beyond the Pacific there was 
living a polyglot of yellow humanity, alto- 
gether degraded, superstitious and illiterate, 
barbarous and probably cannibal, pagan and 
decidedly heathen? True enough, the mem- 
ory of the instances of the Boxer Rebellion 
of 1900 have augmented such conceptions. 
First of all, it is not to be concluded that 
the Chinese are generally educated. Only a 
small minority are able to read, but literacy 
is not necessarily to be educated. Less 
than three per cent of this great people may 
be said to be educated, even after Chinese 
ideals. The masses are woefully ignorant 
and superstitious. Even where mission 
schools are accessible, or where govern- 
ment schools have recently been estab- 

lished, poverty and want demand that every 
child become a bread-winner from the very 

As for the other characteristics, they are 
quite exaggerated and unfair. Never in the 
history of China has this been true, and 
never has it been less true than today. 
China is preeminently a peace-loving na- 
tion. Life is secure in this part of China. 
Were it not for the dogs which go to make 
up a large fraction of the population, it 
would be perfectly safe at any hour of the 
night to walk through the streets of this 
city of Peking with a population larger 
than that of Philadelphia, with a greater 
sense of security than in the heart of Chi- 
cago or New York, under the arc light and 
the protection of a vigilant police force. 
We even feel greater security of life and 
property than we did back in our own coun- 
try town, where thefts are frequent, and 
robberies and murders not unknown. 

Although illiterate and superstitious, the 
Chinese are enlightened and civilized. In 
the absence of a single piece of improved 
machinery, it is remarkable what they can 
do with a few crude and simple tools. And 
they seem to have been most skilful in 
times remote. They had reached their 
zenith when the Persians, Syrians and Jews 
were building in clay. The highest honors 
are to be paid to their ancestors, who built 


The Missionary Visitor 


in art, in architecture and in literature in 
such a manner that their works have lived 
for centuries. For two thousand years this 
great mystical nation of the East has been 
developing what many competent critics 
regard as a very high type of civilization, 
and evidences of it are about us at every 
hand. But they failed to progress. The 
great pity is that they have not had the 
Christian dynamic, the one great ethical and 
religious ideal, the Christ of the coming 
kingdom of God, to lead them onward 
through the struggle of the centuries. 

Thirdly, China is in a state of flux, some- 
what nervous, looking for the next new 
thing that may come along. But what to 
expect or where to look, they know not. A 
neighbor missionary, now on furlough, said 
sometime ago: "To say that China is wak- 
ing up does not begin to express it; she is 
pacing the floor with growing pains." That 
is just it. Ever since the Boxer trouble and 
the Russo-Japanese war, China has been 
upon her feet. But it has been a painful 
nightmare. Like so many thousand beetles, 
vainly beating against some luring light, so 
is this vast people groping after new life. 

To be sure, the foreigner is an uninvited 
guest in China. No one especially cares 
for his presence, yet no one objects to his 
staying. As for an American, he is " ding 
how," i. e., very good, everywhere, and has 
no trouble in securing a hearing, be it sell- 
ing cigarettes or whiskey, or preaching the 

religion that must unltimately save China. 
The distressing situation is that the masses 
do not discriminate, and will take the one 
offering greatest gain, with the weight of 
probability on the former. " America and 
the powers of Europe are great. We want 
to be great. Whatever they do is right and 
may be followed." Logic such as this is in 
the atmosphere about us. Hence it is not 
uncommon to see some ridiculous combina- 
tions during these days of transition. The 
young and aggressive Chinese are eager to 
take on a full paraphernalia of foreign 
dress, to say nothing of the choices and 
taste. Others of less flexible mind will have 
head and feet fitted with foreign styles, 
while the dress is decidedly -native, and the 
cue streaming down the back the pride of 
his conservatism. What does it all mean? 
Is it not that these people have itching ears 
to hear some new thing, that a change has 
already set in, and that they are like the 
blind: they know not whence they came 
or whither they are going? Nor do they 
know the way. Just now, China needs what 
she does not have: not more cigarettes and 
tobacco, not more morphia and whiskey, 
not a polished and bolstered-up Confucian- 
ism. She needs a new Gospel, pure and un- 
adulterated. Without it she will fall lower 
than she now is. Without Jesus Christ she 
will fall a helpless victim before the. luring 
materialism of the West. 

Lastly, China is a wasting harvest field. 

Workmen on Our Liao Chou Mission Compound 


The Missionary Visitor 


Who of you has not heard those familiar 
words of our Master so often, that they 
cease to have any meaning? "The harvest 
truly is plenteous but the laborers few," 
was spoken to disciples. What was true 
then, in the small world in which Jesus 
moved, is even more true in this large and 
densely-populated China. There is a ripe 
nafvest here without any one to gather it. 
ft is bountiful and large as the Chinese 
Empire. What a distressing sight to be- 
hold! Or, think more concretely. Think of 
that hundred-acre farm of yours, its golden 
fields of grain ripe to harvest, yet not a man 
in sight to hire. Alone, you cannot harvest 
it. There is but one result: it is doomed to 
waste and decay. Then think of all the 
beautiful farms about you and the dilemma 
of their owners. And what distress, should 
the thousands of acres of your country go 
without any one willing to hire. It would 
be a national economic calamity, arousing 
the pity and sympathy of every one. This 
is the situation in China exactly. Figura- 
tively speaking, the harvest of human souls 
here in China is as ripe as any field of ripen- 
ing grain ever has been in America. Gen- 
erally speaking, your harvests are never 
neglected for want of laborers to hire. 
Here the harvest is absolutely going to 
waste because the few missionaries already 
here cannot control the ready harvest. Or 

let your harvest field be the unconverted 
about you, thus making the figure more easy 
for comparison. There may be a ripe har- 
vest, but the church has workers not a few* 
sufficient to make the forces of darkness to> 
crumble, were they all good workmen. At 
home it may be said that the matter is nott 
so much an insufficiency of workers as too> 
many indifferent and inefficient workers.. 
You have a harvest, but you also have- 
comparatively many to hire. In China, 
there is even a greater harvest, with com- 
paratively none to hire, be they good or 
poor workmen. China is a wasting harvest 

Opportunity is written large all over the- 
face of China. Somebody is responsible. Is 
it you? In those beautiful words of our 
Master, Jesus seemed to make the dis- 
ciples responsible for the opportunity about 
them, for hardly had He stated the need,. 
when He quickly tells them, " Pray ye 
therefore the Lord of the harvest, that He 
will send forth laborers into His harvest," 
thus making the disciples responsible. 
These words have gone out to the ends of 
the earth to every generation. As Christ 
commanded His disciples, so He says to 
His church today: "Pray ye therefore the 
Lord of the harvest, that He will send forthi 
laborers into China." 

Peking, China. 


Effie V. Long 


On Christmas morning the bell rang ear- 
ly, calling all to the meeting room. Besides 
our Christians and school children, many 
of our non-Christian friends and neighbors 
t came in. The exercises consisted of short 
speeches on the meaning of Christmas and 
pur responsibility to those about us. There 
were Christmas songs by the school chil- 
dren. An offering of about $2.50 was lifted 
for the poor Belgian children. Sweetmeats 
were distributed to the children and every- 
one present was filled with the Christmas 

In the afternoon a man and his wife were 
baptized. They are of the highest class 
here, and their coming means much to 

God's work. Later on, seven more were 
baptized. A Bible class was held through 
the week. A wedding was celebrated, and 
in all it was a most blessed season of re- 
freshing for our small church here. 

F. P. 
On Saturday before Christmas we had a 
dinner for the boys of the boarding school, 
about thirty-five in number; then they had 
their gifts, and by night all had scattered to 
their homes. After the gifts were distrib- 
uted we had a suitable Christmas program. 
In the evening there was a dinner, served 
native style, for all the teachers and fami- 
lies, the missionaries eating with them. 
The children of the teachers were made 


The Missionary Visitor 


glad by gifts from the missionaries. 

On Christmas day the teachers were in 
their own villages having Christmas with 
their little flocks in whatever way they 
chose. Oh the compound, at the main sta- 
tion, we had a Christmas service in the 
morning to celebrate the birth of our Lord. 

K. Z. 

We had a "white" Christmas at Bulsar, 
(but not snow). We lifted an offering for 
the Belgian children of $13.75, including 
the railway people's offering. On Christ- 
mas morning a program was rendered by 
young and old. Sister Shumaker gave her 
children's class their treat on Thursday. Bro. 
Valji Kaka gave a dinner to all our Chris- 
tians on Saturday before Christmas. 

A. B. 

On Sunday afternoon there was a serv- 
ice, at which short messages were given 
by both native brethren and missionaries. 
Shortly after midnight on Christmas morn- 
ing sounds of music were heard and lights 
were seen on the veranda. There were 
Christmas songs, accompanied by native 
musical instruments. The visitors sat for 
an hour, though the night was chill, in a 
circle about a lantern, singing. Then they 
went on to another house. About 4 A. M. 
just before they dispersed a native brother 
served tea and offered prayer. 

On the same morning the native people 
decorated our yard with bright-colored pa- 
per. Then we gave out little gifts to the 
native people, and received from them bou- 
quets of roses, and sweetmeats. In the 
afternoon we had a Christmas service, after 
which tea was served to all, and then the 
graphophone entertained all till " darkness 
dropped from the wings of night." 

G. S. 

We were awakened at five o'clock in the 
morning by the singing of Christmas car- 
ols by some of our Christian workers. We 
gave them sweets as a token of apprecia- 
tion. At 9 A. M. we assembled in church 
for Christmas services. Bro. Emmert con- 
ducted the services. At 2 P. M. some of us 
went about four miles into the country to a 
village school. We rode in bullock carts. 
One of the orphan boys and wife, who were 

brought up in the mission, are teachers 
here. They also have an assistant now, as 
the school has an enrollment of eighty-five 
pupils. This is one of the largest schools in 
the mission and has been going for a num- 
ber of years. After the children had sung 
several songs and repeated some Bible 
verses Bro. Emmert gave a talk about 
Christmas and its meaning. After this na- 
tive sweets were served, and then all were 
dismissed. We were invited into the teach- 
ers' house, and they served us some native 
food. Fortunately for Bro. Hoffert, who 
had just come to this country, they gave us 
spoons to eat with. We enjoyed the meal 
very much. We took our leave, after giving 
our thanks and salaams, and reached home 
about dark. We were tired but all declared 
we had had a very pleasant Christmas Day. 

G. E. 

(Bro. Kaylor had plague and was just 
recovering at Christmas. They were liv- 
ing in shacks in the field.) 

Yes, I suppose our Christmas was quite 
different from the rest of yours, but while 
I boiled clothing, bedding, etc., my heart 
was light and happy, for although John was 
still in bed he was on a fair way to recov- 
ery and altogether it was our happiest 
Christmas — just to be here and on the road 
to health again. 

Christmas Eve Josephine and I sat by a 
bamboo fire outside the tent as usual, until 
John became quiet and fell asleep for the 
night. As his fever had not come up for 
several days we went in earlier than usual. 
Got up at daylight Christmas morning and 
started up the cleansing process — boiled all 
clothing, disinfected trunks, pillows and 
mattresses off my bed, and boiled my bed- 
ding. We worked till twelve that night, 
and as Josephine and I had no dry bedding, 
we built up a big bamboo fire and roasted 
one side while the other got cold. At five 
in the morning we went at it again and 
worked hard to get all ready to move into 
" clean " quarters by Tuesday evening. 
John was given a disinfectant bath and 
clean clothes put on and was carried over; 
then, just as darkness was coming on, I 
went through the same process and fol- 
lowed. John's bed and bedding were left 
behind, as they had not been cleansed yet, 


The Missionary Visitor 


so there was not enough bedding for two, 
and we opened our trunks and spread our 
clothing under and on top of us, and I never 
slept better in my life. Then I waited sev- 
eral days before going back to finish up, as 
I was rather stiff and tired and my hands 
were sore. Two more days finished the 
work, the last being New Year's Day. 

The villagers are asking how it is their 
people all died when overtaken by plague 
and our little Christian girl and the saheb 
lived. They ask what religious duties he 
performed, and did he give gifts to the poor 
or what, that he was spared. So it may be 
God's way of revealing Himself to them. 

R. K. 

We had a program consisting of Christ- 
mas songs by classes and by the congrega^ 
tion, giving of Scripture verses by the chil- 
dren, a brief resume of prophecies relating 
to the birth of Christ, and a talk setting 
forth the circumstances and meaning of His 
birth. Christmas music of other lands was 
played on the phonograph. The final num- 
ber was a distribution of sweets, consisting 

three o'clock we 
slumbers by the 

of such things as please the Eastern taste. 
About 165 people were present, about dou- 
ble the average attendance. The Christians 
in the villages celebrated Christmas at their 
respective meeting places. Q. H. 


Christmas morning at 
were aroused from our 
singing of Christmas carols, first the girls' 
school and then the boys', and this kept up 
till morning. 

In our own home we exchanged greet- 
ings and gifts, and then sent out our little 
gifts to the teachers and families who had 
come from the villages. Had a Christmas 
program at noon with a crowded house; 
then a dinner of rice and curry for every- 
body present. 

After dinner a number of baptisms, and 
then the final program by the school chil- 
dren was rendered. Last came the dis- 
tribution of sweets, and the day was gone, 
but all seemed happy and a good impression 
was made, we believe, on those who know 
not our Lord. About 200 children and 100 
adults were present. E. L. 

Girls in the Vyara Boarding: School, India 


The Missionary Visitor 



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Schoolboys in India, They Are Saying Their Tables as They Do Their Exercises 


A. T. Hoffert 

Children in India are contented to sit still 
longer and make less noise than those of 
English parentage. Most of them go bare- 
footed all the time, even to Sunday-school 
and church. But many of their parents do 
the same, so it is only natural that the little 
folks should have nothing on their feet. 
There are thousands of children in India 
who would be fortunate if they had as much 
cloth to clothe themselves with as the little 
girls in America use to dress their dolls. 
The India people sit on the floor while in 
church, but orderly and in rows with the 
children in front, as in America. This is 
convenient for the mothers, who need not 
watch their little folks for fear they will 
fall off the seat. Furthermore, it is restful 
to the small child, whose feet need not dan- 
gle from a high seat, but it goes awkward 
for the white man, who does not know 
where to put his feet and be comfortable. 

It is remarkable how well the children 
learn. While at Bulsar, it was the privi- 
lege of the new missionaries to visit the 
schools for boys and for girls. If seated on 
the floor, when white folks come to visit 
them, the children have the habit, as a to- 
ken of respect, to rise to their feet and to 

remain standing until their visitors leave. As 
we went from room to room the children 
would repeat Bible verses or sing songs. 
The last room visited was the kindergarten 
department. This was of special interest to 
us, as we were in the beginners' stage of lan- 
guage study. They sang several songs and 
repeated the twenty-third Psalm. Then one 
little fellow stepped up to the chart and they 
went over the alphabet in concert. Though 
they are only from three to five years old 
we are willing to admit that they know their 
letters better than we. And the beautiful 
handiwork those little "tots" were doing 
would make a very good showing for like 
schools in the States. Most of the study 
of India children is aloud in concert, so the 
schoolroom usually is a noisy place. 

You will be interested to know what the 
boys and girls do to help their parents 
earn a living. When the fields of grain are 
getting ripe they must be watched day and 
night until harvested, to keep away large 
flocks of birds that would eat much of their 
crops. This grain is much like kaffir corn, 
and is used to make bread for the native 
people. Over each field are placed several 
platforms, from four to six feet high, made 


The Missionary Visitor 


of bamboo poles, upon which women and 
children are placed to drive away any birds 
that may venture to feed upon the grain. 
They use slings with which they throw their 
sun-baked mud balls, which are about the 
size of walnuts. 

But if the fields are in danger of having 
the grain taken by the birds, the gardens 
are in danger of being robbed by the mon- 
keys. There are many monkeys in this 
part of India, and it is quite a problem to 
keep them from taking the vegetables and 
fruits that satisfy their appetites. These an- 
imals are as large as a fair-sized dog, rather 
grey in color, have long tails, are as nimble 
as a cat at climbing and jumping, and they 
run like jackrabbits, only they appear more 
awkward. An American boy would be proud 
if he could have one for a pet, but here 
they are a detriment to the country, and 
when a number of them come about to 
steal something from the garden the people 
drive them off by yelling and throwing at 
them. However, they are not much afraid 
of the people, as a rule, for when once out 
of danger they use their own judgment 
about proceeding further. One day, when 
a number of them came about, two of them 
jumped up on our bungalow and remained 

there until Lloyd began to throw at them, 
when they jumped and ran. 

The white children are a joy and a com- 
fort, not only to their parents but to all 
the missionaries. Those of us who are not 
their parents, they call " uncle," or " auntie," 
as the case may be. This seems very home- 
like to the new workers, especially if they 
have left a number of nephews and nieces 
in America. I was called " Uncle Hoff ert " 
by the Emmert children until one day at 
the table, when I told them the children 
back home called me " Uncle Andy," Lloyd 
and Anna broke out in unison on the follow- 
ing rhyme: 

" Hippety-hop to the barber shop 
To buy a stick of candy; 
One for me and one for you, 
And one for Uncle Andy." 

When the thousands of children that are 
now in the mission schools of India reach 
manhood and womanhood, we may be as- 
sured that they will do larger things for the 
cause of Christ than their fathers were 
able to do, because they have had much 
better opportunities for training and devel- 
opment. May God bless the children of In- 
dia and those whose responsibility it is to 
train them! 

Jalalpor, Surat District. 



The latter part of February and all of 
March of 1916 will long be remembered as 
being excessively hot. 

The District Meeting was to convene the 
middle of March at Vali. We had been la- 
boring hard to get all the work in the best 
shape possible for our departure, as we 
were to be gone not only for the District 
Conference but for a change of climate in 
the mountains of North India. 

Thursday, March 9, had been appointed as 
the day for leaving our home. It was ex- 
tremely hot and depressing. Joseph and 
Angeline, full of vigor, had been moving 

* Note. — The incidents and articles of the fol- 
lowing five pages were prepared under the direc- 
tion of Bro. Jesse B. Emmert for the January 
India number of the Visitor but were crowded 
out. The editor feels that they are worthy of a 
gentral reading. 

about in the sun more than we realized, 
owing to the fact that our thoughts were 
so closely centered in making the final 
plans for the work and giving instructions 
how to carry it on in our absence. Such 
days are momentous in more ways than 

It was late ere we got started on the 
first part of our journey. In spite of this 
lateness the heat remained intense, but we 
must start or have to descend steep hills and 
go through the denser as well as the thinner 
parts of the jungle and ford two rivers after 
night had overtaken us. This would not be 
wise to undertake anywhere, so we set out, 
trusting ourselves to Him Who has taken 
us back and forth over the jungle roads and 
footpaths so often in perfect safety. 

We had gone perhaps four miles from 
home when Joseph began to complain of se- 


The Missionary Visitor 


vere pain in his head. The pain increased as 
we drove on. To us there seemed to be every 
indication that he had been exposed too much 
to the heat. He became partly unconscious. 
We stopped and took him out of the spring 
wagon and began applying cloths to the 
back of his head and neck. The water for 
this was taken from one of the two earthen 
vessels we always carry with us in making 
such trips. As we applied these we prayed 
most earnestly to Him Who can heal either 
with or without the aid of water. You may 
know it was not ice cold — this water. But 
we applied in faith. Joseph passed off into 
a sort of stupor. Was that an anxious hour 
to us? He to Whom we prayed alone knows 
how anxious those hours were as we drove 

Night overtook us ere we got to the large 
river which we had to ford twice before 
reaching the place where we were to spend 
the night. When in the middle of the river, 
as we were crossing the first ford, Joseph 
awoke. He seemed to be so much better. 
I asked him how he felt. He replied, "Jesus 
has made me well." Yes, we all felt that 
way most fully, and what a blessed and hap- 
py season of thanksgiving we had that even- 
ing before we went to bed! 

But why relate such an experience as this? 
There are reasons many why it should be 
related. First among these is that we can- 
not refrain from letting you know what He 
has done for us. Maybe the thought will 
come, " You were unduly alarmed." Granted 

or not granted, the truth remains the same 
— He does hear us and " is a very present 
help in trouble." J. M. Pittenger. 


Not long ago several of our men had been 
out hunting a certain kind of leaf that has 
a commercial value, and found none. Two 
days went so. Then I talked with them, 
and remembering how the Lord had told 
the disciples to cast in their net on the other 
side of the boat, we made this leaf-gathering 
a matter of prayer, and the next day they 
set out to a new place. They found more 
than they could carry home, and of course 
when they came home their faces beamed 
with the delight of it, for the Lord had heard 
our prayers. — Chhagan Viraji, in Prakash 
Patra for August. 


A little girl by name of Ratan was sick 
unto death. She seemed to be fast failing, 
and the best Christian in our little commu- 
nity at Rohid came running to me, saying 
that it was too late. I suggested that it was 
not too late to pray, and so went off by my- 
self to pray. He gathered his family, and 
cried out unto the Lord in prayer. We had 
just been studying how the Lord had de- 
livered Peter. And soon after we ceased 
praying the little girl began to amend, and 
she is well now as ever she was. — Amrat 
Mohun, in Prakash Patra for October. 



Today, the fourth of October, the road 
that passes our house was full of people for 
several hours. In the early morning peo- 
ple from the town — men, women and chil- 
dren, mostly women and children — started 
on their way to the small mountain three 
miles to the south of us, on whose summit 
is a temple. In the temple is the idol of a 
goddess which is especially worshiped on 
this day. To her they make their offerings 
of flowers, clarified butter, cocoanuts, rice 
and money. After spending a little time 
there in worship they return to their homes. 
They walked six miles and climbed the 
mountain besides. They are happy as they 

go and happy as they return. What have 
they done? They have eased their con- 
sciences? What have they gained? Yes, 
what? They have seen the idol, that is all. 

J. M. Blough. 


One day the Bible woman and I went out 
to a new village, hoping to meet the women 
and get acquainted with them. No sooner 
had we entered the village than the women 
began to shout at each other, running into 
their houses and shutting the doors tight. At 
first we could not understand what the trou- 
ble was, but the Bible woman explained to 
me that these women, having never seen a 


The Missionary Visitor 


white woman, were afraid. Well, what to 
do to get them out of their houses was the 
thing we were concerned about. The Bible 
woman called to some of them and said, 
"Why are you so afraid? This woman is 
just like you, only she is white; she will not 
hurt you; she is not a tiger." Then one by 
one the women began peeping out and open- 
ing their doors, and some of them came out- 
side. We had a little visit with them and 
went on our way. This same village has 
since become very friendly, and we hope to 
be able to do them good. How many of you 
remember how afraid you were of a negro 
when a child? So we need not wonder if 
these women are afraid of us at first. 

Josephine Powell. 


"A certain man planted a vineyard and 
set an hedge about it." 

India is divided into. small fields, most of 
which are surrounded by hedges, the idea 
of which seems to be a natural instinct of 
the oriental mind. 

The monsoon broke and people began to 
make garden. By request our cook was 
granted a plot in which to plant some veg- 
etables. He at once began gathering mate- 
rials to hedge it in. It was a corner of our 
own garden which we had protected by a 
fence. But this would not suffice; his gar- 
den must have a fence. By his untiring ef- 
forts an unsightly row of sticks, poles and 
brush, that would turn neither cows, goats 
nor chickens, soon marked the boundary of 
the twenty foot square plot, inside of which 
he was regent supreme. 

S. Ira Arnold. 


One evening, when the water was very 
high in the river near us Sister Arnold and 
Baby Barbara, Helen and Daniel Stover and 
myself went down to the river. We were 
chattering about the boats and the fisher- 
men and were rather noisy. I noticed sev- 
eral little fires around and saw a big pile of 
wood. Many people were sitting near. They 
kept watching us. Finally they began to 
light this large pile of wood, and then it 
just entered my mind that they might be 
burning a dead body. I asked Jivibai, an 

Indian Christian woman who was with us, 
and she said, " Yes, they are burning a 
bod}'." Daniel and I went over to the other 
side, and there the foot could be seen. Jiv- 
ibai said that when the fire is well started 
they take a hot coal and put it in the mouth, 
and before the skull bursts with the heat it 
it broken open. If the body is burned near 
a sacred river they are not so careful that 
it all be consumed by the fire, but often, 
when partly burned, throw it into the river. 
But if not burned on a sacred river bank 
they are very careful that all the body is 
consumed and then throw the ashes into the 
river, when they have opportunity. 

S. Olive Widdowson. 


Our near neighbor had five little girls. 
All five had been enrolled in our sewing 
class for girls. Lulki, aged six, had learned 
to sew well already and was looking for- 
ward to having a quilt some day. She at- 
tended class regularly. 

But alas for Lulki! One evening as I was 
coming home I heard screams and crying 
at the well. I went to see what had hap- 
pened. A little girl had fallen into the well. 
Men were diving in search of the body, but 
the well was deep and full of water. They ; 
searched a long time. When the lifeless 
body was laid out on the grass I recognized 
it to be our ever-happy little Lulki. 

Next morning the body was taken to the 
burning ground. Weeping and wailing was 
heard in that home. For five days an occa- 
sional wail for the dead was heard. How 
we longed to go and comfort them in those 
days of grief! But they were considered un- 
clean. They did not leave the house, nor 
could we enter, lest we grievously offend 
them. We have gone to them since. 

But why did they weep and wail? The 
spirit of their loved one was hovering in the 
air, or sitting in a tree, or perhaps in that 
well. Such weird thoughts haunted them. 
No hope! No happy thoughts of joy in the 
presence of Jesus and the angels! 

Anna M. Eby. 

What are Christians put into the worldj 
for except to do the impossible in the 
strength of God? — Gen. S. C. Armstrong. 


The Missionary Visitor 


A Group of India Teachers, Christian and Non-Christian 



One moonlight evening I mounted the 
horse and rode out a couple of miles to a 
village where we have a school. My com- 
ing was unknown to the master, but on my 
arrival he at once sent to call in both day 
and night-school children. They came with 
books and slates and began their lessons. 
Then one by one brought their work to me 
for inspection. They like to do this, as do 
all children. This proceeded for a time, 
then the master had them stand up one by 
one and repeat some Scripture verses that 
he had taught them. They did it creditably. 
As a rule these children are bright, and in 
their way learn as rapidly as do American 
children. This is one of our great oppor- 
tunities in this land — to teach the Bible 
verses and stories to the children. Were it 
not for the parents and all that is taught 
the children, from little up, they could as 
easily be led to Christ as not. Without the 
Word being sown we cannot hope for a 
harvest. Pray that this work may be faith- 
fully and diligently carried on. 

J. I. Kaylor. 


One of the men who came as a witness 
in the unfortunate case in the courts we 
had last year was a Bhil who could read 
the fourth book. I liked his looks, and he 
said he would tell the truth. After the fight 
was ended he became an applicant for bap- 
tism. Soon he said that the people in his 
village wanted a teacher. I said, " Brother, 
you do the teaching, and I will furnish the 
lantern." And so this man, himself not yet 
a Christian, is now teaching a dozen or 
more other men and boys, both how to read 
and the ten commandments, and other first 
principles of the Great Truth. In his vil- 
lage soon will be a little Christian commu- 

W. B. Stover. 


At seven o'clock Sunday evening the 
school bell rang. What, bells on school- 
houses in India? A piece of railroad iron a 
foot long, hung to the branch of a tree, 
serves the purpose very well. When the 


The Missionary Visitor 


hour arrives for school to begin the teacher 
goes out and strikes the piece of iron with 
a large iron bolt. 

At the " ringing of the bell " we prepared 
to go to A's Sunday-school. There is reg- 
ular night school each evening for the ben- 
efit of some workingmen who cannot attend 
the day sessions. These men were present 
on Sunday evening. 

When we entered the door all arose and 
greeted us with a salaam. Immediately 
they were seated and listened attentively as 
the teacher taught the lesson. The story of 
Paul was told. How this learned man, a 
persecutor of Christians, was converted and 
became a faithful worker for God, suffered 
persecution and hardship, but never became 
discouraged, for God was with him, was 
vividly portrayed. So simple was this 
teacher's method, and so earnest his man- 
ner, that the hearts of these ignorant low- 
caste men were touched. 

Oh, it is worth while to tell, to even such 
as these, the story of God's love and His 
power to transform lives. 

Anna M. Eby. 


Some of our best schools are registered 
for a " grant-in-aid " from the government. 
Our school for fishermen at Bhat is one 
such, and was inspected today by an assist- 
ant deputy educational inspector. There 
were seventy-six pupils present, and all boys 
but one. We have not yet been able to per- 
suade them that it will pay big to educate 
the girls also. There were four pupils in 
the fourth standard, four in the third, twen- 
ty-four in the second and all the rest in 
the first and primary. Fathers, mothers, 
brothers and sisters all wanted to see. The 
boldest of the men came into the school- 
room. Men and women crowded about the 
door. Others peeped through cracks in the 
bamboo wall or looked in the windows. Sev- 
eral times the head man of the village 
shouted at the women and children to keep 
quiet, and he did it as if yelling at a drove 
of cattle. They heeded about as well, also.. 
The boys took no notice of the noise; the 
inspector said nothing; it amused me. The 
result of the inspection was " satisfactory."" 

J. B. Emmert. 

The [Larger Boys in the Boarding: School With Their Christian Teachers 


The. Missionary Visitor 




One of the boys from our Vyara Board- 
ing School recently went home, on one of 
the largest holidays of his people. At such 
times all, from small to great, get drunk. 
The boy's father gave him money to go 
and get liquor for himself; but instead he 
merely put the money in his pocket. His 
brother-in-law then tried to force him to 
drink, but failed. The boy told him and all 
the others also that " even though you take 
my life or I die as a result, still I'll not 
drink." He did not drink then nor since, 
and I am glad to report that there are some 
others like him in our school. 

Premchand Ganesh. 


(Bro. Valji is the foreman in the Mission Work- 
shop, Bulsar. He is a deacon also. — Ed.) 

I came to Bulsar about sixteen years ago 
and became a Christian under the kindly 
leading of Eld. W. B. Stover. When I be- 
came a Christian I was drawn as one by 
beautiful appearing fruit, but praise His 
name, even in my unlearned condition I 
have not alone seen the fruit, but I have 
tasted it and continue to do so. I am not 
rich in this world's goods, but the good Fa- 
ther has given me and my family many 
spiritual blessings. I am a carpenter by 
trade and by that trade I serve my Lord 
and want to continue doing. I used to 
know only a little about carpentry, but 
under the direction of Eld. J. B. Emmert 
I got a wide experience, for which I am 

I have five sons and one daughter, gifts 
of the Lord, and also ten grandchildren. I 
rejoice greatly in the Lord because of their 
spiritual blessings, and pray they may all be 
consecrated to the Lord's service. 

We are very thankful to God and to the 
American church for sending us such good 
persons as the missionaries to educate us 
and teach us in spiritual things. I am now 
fifty-five, and in my old age I can say with 
joy by the grace of Jesus that, 

"The Lord is my shepherd; I shall not 

" He maketh me to lie down in green pas- 

tures: He leadeth me by the still waters." 
Your faithful brother in the Lord, 

Valji Govind. 


(Ranchod Madhav is one of the first converts 
in our mission in India. In the early days he was 
Bro. Stover's right-hand man and made himself 
useful indeed. — Ed.) 

The Lord's mercy is great upon me. We 
are confident that when we are in trouble 
then He comforts us. This is not my ex- 
perience alone, but that of all who rejoice 
in Him. 

I can now look back over about twenty 
years' experience in our mission and I see 
great changes. We used to meet in a little 
room for .prayers with the orphan boys and 
girls. How we used to pray that God would 
give us a church in which to pray and wor- 
ship! Let His name be praised. He has al- 
ready given us a big church in which we can 
all meet together. May the Lord supply 
from His unfailing storehouse rich blessings 
to all those who helped give us our church. 

So has God provided us a dispensary, 
from which people can get good medicine 
and get well. Doctors Cottrell are very 
clever, humble and good, on account of 
whom people from villages far and near are 
caused to praise the Lord. We pray that 
God may grant our doctors both very long 
life. So also may the Lord richly bless 
those who are helping in any way in this 
medical work. 

The Lord has blessed me in many ways 
since I became a Christian, in sorrow and 
in joy. His name be praised. May the 
Lord bless all who have taken any trouble 
at all for my benefit. 

Your servant, 

Ranchod Madhav. 

Two universities — Oxford and Cambridge 
— have already given more men for the Eu- 
ropean war than have been asked for from 
all Christendom for the evangelization of 
non-Christian lands. — John R. Mott. 

J* # 

I am in the best of services for the best 
of Masters and upon the best terms. — John 


The Missionary Visitor 



Born April 22, 1838 Died January 25, 1917 

An Appreciation 

Brother J. G. Royer, father of Galen B. Royer, Secretary-Treasurer of the 
General Mission Board, is gone. The farewells have been said. He peaceful- 
ly rests from his labors, but in triumph his influence lives with us still. The 
memories of the man, the inspiration which his life has been and is, and the 
benediction of his kindly, loving, vigorous heart all contribute to his triumph. 

Before permanent educational and foreign missionary activities in the 
church, he was. With clear vision he early came to see the great unrealized 
possibilities of the church. And with that vision, in the early eighties he be- 
came an influential factor in the educational awakening of the Church of the 

Coming to Mt. Morris College in 1882 he became her president and for 
twenty years served in that capacity. He assumed this work when the insti- 
tution was small in influence, in patronage and in sympathetic constituency. 
With abounding faith and optimism he gave himself in devotion to her cause. 

To the school hundreds of our young people came. Under his supervision 
they received a careful training for service. A missionary he was, yea, a fa- 
ther to missionaries, for students educated under his care are to be found on 
our mission fields and in places of responsibility in every line of church en- 

There is inspiration in the life of our departed brother. With keen dis- 
crimination he chose the path where he felt he would count for most. He 
kept an eye single to that choice, and until the last he had that same uncooled 
ardor for the success of education in the church that characterized his ef- 
forts from the first. May the example of his devoted life prompt a greater 
sacrifice in others for the cause we all so much love. 

A great man has gone from us. He is at home in the mansions prepared. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Emma Horning 


THE efforts of the Chinese officials to 
get rid of opium were about to be 
brought to nought by the flood of 
patent medicines that were being prepared 
and sold everywhere throughout China. 
These pills contain a large percentage of 
opium and morphine. These medicines 
have now been put under the ban by some 
of the officials, including the magistrate at 
Ping Ting. About the middle of the month 
the police official came to Dr. Wampler and 
asked his help in determining the amount 
of opium and morphine in seven different 
kinds of these medicines. We are glad to 
help in a cause like this, because it not only 
helps to rid these people of this awful vice, 
but it also helps them to know that we are 
here for their good. 

An edict is out now, saying that all who 
sell opium, morphia or these pills will be 
shot, and those who continue to use opium 
will be put in prison at hard work. 

We found that a shop near our opium 
refuge was selling opium secretly to our 
patients. We reported the owner to the 
official, and now he is suffering the con- 

Jan. 1 Brother and Sister Oberholtzer re- 
turned to Peking Language School, after 
a very pleasant visit at Ping Ting during 
the holidays. 


Jan. 1 the opening services for the new 
station at Luanlu were held. It is but 
six miles from the city, so a number of the 
Chinese and several of us missionaries at- 
tended. There are several inquirers here 
and many others are interested. We have 
placed two Chinese Christians in charge to 
hold services and teach the people daily. 

Jan. 6 another station was opened at Yu 
Hsien, about thirty miles north. Two na- 
tive Christians have been put in charge, but 
it is a large place and should have a mis- 
sionary in charge if we had one to put 


The first week of the new year being the 
" World Week of Prayer " our Christians 

gathered each afternoon at the church to 
pray for the salvation of the world. It is 
very inspiring to hear these new Christians 
just from heathendom praying for the 
whole world as well as their own people. 


Jan. 5 the Woman's Bible School closed 
for the Chinese holidays after a four 
months' term. These married women, from 
twenty to sixty years old, study and take 
their examinations as eagerly as children. 
They have always been told that they are 
too stupid to learn. This proves they are 

Jan. 19 the boys' and girls' schools closed 
for the Chinese holidays. At the end of 
this term five of the boys graduated. 
These are our first graduates. The exercis- 
es were held in the church, being witnessed 
by an appreciative audience. Mr. Feng, of 
the government high school, gave the 
chief address. He has been studying the 
Bible that Bro. Crumpacker gave him, and 
therefore gave the pupils some very good 
Christian advice. He is an influential man 
and we are praying that he may become a 
Christian. Three of these graduates will 
teach in the primary schools, and two will 
go away to school to continue their edu- 
cation. We hope the others will continue 
their education later. 

The lady teacher of the girls' school at 
Liao went home because of her health, 
leaving the school without a head teacher. 
Lady teachers are very scarce and we have 
found no one to take her place yet. 

Bro. Bright and Dr. Brubaker were in 
Ping Ting several days on field committee 
work. This committee was in session 
Jan. 29 and 30. 


Through the reflectorscope we showed 
the pictures of the life of Christ, and other 
instructive pictures, one evening. The 
church was packed with several hundred 
attentive listeners. 

Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi. 


The Missionary Visitor 



M. M. Eshelman 

NEVER, since the quickening of the 
missionary conscience by the needs 
of Denmark, as given by Bro. Hope 
in 1877, were my feeling and faith so 
aroused as in the missionary addresses and 
the claims of India as presented recently 
by Bro. E. H. Eby while in Tropico. If 
there were any hearts unmoved or moved 
for the time being and then permitted to 
slide back into the long-time indifference, 
then it was most unfortunate for such 
hearts. Bro. Eby's clear, detailed descrip- 
tions of the little spot with its three mil- 
lions of souls in India, as the Brethren's op- 
portunity, carried necessary conviction, 
aroused latent missionary feelings, and put 
us all upon the sure tests; and personally 
we realize the golden opportunity at hand 
to give prayers, money, sympathy, and self- 
denial for that and other golden opportu- 
nities that God presents. I verily believe 
God has opened such doors to try the 
Church of the Brethren and the prayers and 
giving powers of each member. 


Grace E. Uhler 
For God so loved the world — not just a 

The wise and great, the noble and the true, 
Or those of favored class or race or hue. 
God loved the world. Do you? 

God loved the sinful world — not just the 

Ah, none were good till they had under- 

His love for them, and felt the power that 

Make all of life anew. 

God loved the world. He saw that we might 

Made like Himself. He stooped to set us 

And did not spare the cost of Calvary. 
God loved man so. Do we? 

O God of love! Sweep over every soul. 
Cast out our pride and envy, take control 
Of every passion, lead us to the goal, 
Where we shall love like Thee! 

— Missionary Tidings. 

Mission Study Class, 1916-1917, Elk Run Congregation, Virginia 

Zigler as Teacher. 


The class was organized November 1, 1916, with Bro. W. H. 
bers of the class are as follows: 

Standing, from left to right: E. L. Huffman, Ada Huffman (Secretary), Bertie Huffer, 
Maude Huffer, Viola Huffman, E. D. Smith (Treasurer). 

Sitting: Minnie Huffman, Stella Zigler, W. H. Zigler (Teacher and President), Mrs. 
Girtie Zigler, Mattie Gordon. 

Wanted: Six Hundred More Mission Study Classes Like This One in the Church 
of the Brethren. 


The Missionary Visitor 




At one time the Judsons found them- 
selves in sore straits for food in Burma, 
and Mrs. Judson (Emily Chubbock) became 
so reduced in strength that sometimes in 
walking across a room she fell to the floor 
from sheer physical weakness. But one 
day they had a grand dinner. Mrs. Judson 
tells about it in a letter to a friend: 

" You must contrive to get something 
that mama can eat," the doctor said one 
day to our Burmese purveyor; "she will 
starve to death." 

"What shall I get?" 

" Anything." 

" Anything? " 

"Yes; anything." 

Well, we did have a capital dinner, though 
we tried in vain to find out by the bones 
what it was. Henry said it was touk-tahs, 
a species of lizard, and I should have 
thought so, too, if the little animal had been 
of a fleshy consistence. Cook said he didn't 
know, but he grinned a horrible grin, which 
made my stomach heave a little, notwith- 
standing the deliciousness of the meat. In 
the evening we called Mr. Bazaar-man. 

" What did we have for dinner today? " 

"Were they good?" 

" Excellent." 

A tremendous explosion of laughter, in 
which the cook from his dish-room joined 
as loud as he dared. 

"What were they?" 


A common servant would not have played 
such a trick, but it was one of the doctor's 
assistants who goes to the bazaar for us. 
You know the Chinese consider rats a great 
delicacy, and he bought them at one of 
their shops. 


In the Orient the head servant is called 
the " boy." Like the " maid " in American 
households, he may be young or old, mar- 

•The articles under this caption with others of 
like kind with their bubbling humor from the 
mission field, appear in the March, 1917, Mission- 
ary Review of the World. We give them here- 
with for the enjoyment of our readers, thinking, 
too, to strengthen the thought that missionaries 
possess keen enjoyment for the tonic of life the 
earn* as other people. 

ried or single. In " Korean Sketches," 
James S. Gale devotes a chapter to "The 
Boy," and tells a number of stories in which 
he plays a leading part. One of them is as 

"The boy is full of resources; a situation 
that will baffle him is hard to imagine. The 
commissioner of customs made us an after- 
noon call, and we prevailed on him to re- 
main for dinner. When my wife informed 
the boy that we would have him for our 
guest, he said, "We have nothing in the 
world for the great man; not bread enough 
and no roast; we shall all die." 

My wife told him she would take no bread 
and that canned meat would suffice for 
"potluck"; and as the commissioner was 
a considerate gentleman there really was 
no occasion for any one to expire. 

" We shall all die and go to perdition," 
he insisted, meaning that the honor of our 
house would fall. 

" Dinner was served, the boy came sweep- 
ing in with the soup as though there were 
an abundant supply. Later we were await- 
ing the modest remnants of bread and 
canned meat, when the door swung on its 
hinges, and the boy, with an expression of 
oily radiance, peculiar to the East, burst 
into the room with a roast of beef fit for 
Confucius! There was bread enough and to 
spare. My wife sat asphyxiated. What could 
she do but accept a choice piece for herself 
and express the hope that the commissioner 
would be helped a second time! 

It was an eminent success as a dinner, 
but the question of where the roast was 
procured in a city destitute of Christian 
beef, and bread where there are no bakers, 
was bearing hard upon her; yet it was not 
curiosity, but fear that filled her soul. When 
we withdrew for coffee, she asked in breath- 
less suspense: 

" Kamyongi, where did you get the roasi 
and bread? " 

"Just sent over to the commissioner's and 
said, 'The great man will dine here; bring 
along anything you have cooked!'" 

With a look of mortification that was pit- 
iful, my wife confessed then and there to 
the commissioner. He was an old hand in 


The Missionary Visitor 


the East, and the light of past days twin- 
kled in his eye as he enjoyed to the full the 
joke of that most excellent dinner. 


To Mary Slessor's mind there was a way 
out of every difficulty and she lost no time 
in finding it. 

Once when a lady missionary from Cala- 
bar stopped at her new headquarters at 
Use to see her, she found her living in a 
one-room native hut and sleeping on a mat- 
tress laid on a sheet of corrugated iron. 

The visitor had to leave early and there 
were no clocks in the hut. So " Ma " 
promptly adopted the novel device of tying 
a rooster to her bed! The plan succeeded; 
at the first cock-crow the sleepers were 
aroused from their slumbers in ample time 
for the journey. 


In " Forty Years Among the Zulus," the 
Rev. Josiah Tyler, a missionary of the 
American Board in South Africa, tells the 
following story of a hen which greatly dis- 
turbed the peace of a native in church: 

One- Sunday morning a man walked into 
church carrying a beaver hat of which he 
was very proud; the gift of some European 
and his only article of civilized dress. He 
seated himself, the hat by his side, and lis- 
tened attentively to the introductory ex- 
ercises. Then a hen took occasion to walk 
in, fly up, and lay an egg on one of the 
boards overhead. The egg rolled over to 
one side and then fell directly into the be- 
loved hat! 

The Zulus have a great repugnance to 
eggs. They will not touch one if they can 
possibly help it. The man's disgust was in- 
describable as he arose, took up his hat, 
and holding it at arm's length, walked out 
of the chapel. It completely upset the grav- 
ity of the audience and he did not return 
to service that day. 


Another amusing episode related by Mr. 
Tyler occurred at Umtwalume, a neighbor- 
ing station. 

One Saturday evening a young man, who 

had decided to abandon heathenism, called 
on Mr. Wilder, the missionary at Umtwa- 
lume, and asked for a shirt. 

" I want a long one that will cover my] 
knees," he said. 

The sewing machine was brought into use. 
and in a short time the man had the sat- 
isfaction of putting on his first article of 
civilized clothing. On Sabbath morning 
he did not take his seat with the unclothed 
heathen in the back of the chapel, but sat 
down directly in front of the pulpit. 

The bench he occupied had no back and 
to make the most of his new garment he 
raised his feet and pulled his shirt over his 
knees. He remained in this attitude and 
presently, a fit of drowsiness coming over 
him, began to sway to and fro. He was 
entirely unconscious of the general atten- 
tion he was attracting, for the people re- 
tained their gravity until he rolled over 
like a ball on the floor! Then the risibles 
of the missionary as well as the natives 
became uncontrollable. 


In Chengtu, West China, not far from 
the Tibetan border, there is a fine educa- 
tional institution known as Union Univer- , 
sity, which is the outgrowth of an educa- 
tional union formed by the Baptists, Meth- 
odists and Quakers, all of whom are work- 
ing in this field. By agreement the denom- 
inational practices of the cooperating bodies 
are retained but denominational names are 
omitted — all are simply called Christians. 

But the natives were quick to note the 
differences and felt the need of some way 
of distinguishing the different groups. So 
they invented names of their own. The}' 
call the Baptists, who immerse, " Big 
Wash " ; the Methodists, who sprinkle, 
" Little Wash " ; and the Quakers, who do 
not observe the rite, " No Wash " ! 

Search all the codes of the nations 
through, in every age since the world be- 
gan, the laws of Gautama, of Zoroaster, of 
Confucius, of Manu, of Solon, of Lycurgus, 
of the Twelve Tables, and not in one ofj 
them will you find one law forbidding ai 
evil thought like " Thou shalt not covet. 
Canon Farrar. 


The Missionary Visitor 




'Tis hard, 'tis very hard to sail away 

Leaving loved ones behind, 
To sail away — even to work for God — 

And not to mind! 
Yet sometimes 'tis a harder thing to stay 

At home, and there not fail, 
To live the ordinary humdrum day, 

And still prevail! 
Where is the strength to go? the strength 
to stay? 

In Jesus Christ our Lord — 
In Him— in no one else and nowhere else, 

At home, abroad. 

— F. M. N. 

«£* «<?* 


By the Traveling Secretary 
Each of the following suggestions has 
proven a blessing at one or more of the 

1. Write a personal, cheery letter (per- 
haps at Christmas or Easter) to our mis- 
sionaries in the foreign fields, so far from 
home and loved ones. 

2. Gather funds for a large, down-to-the 
minute missionary reference library for your 

3. When a returned missionary or a mis- 
sionary secretary comes to your school, see 
that all the surrounding churches are noti- 
fied in advance, so that you may share the 
heart-stirring messages you enjoy. 

4. Give systematically for the work of 
your own band and of the United Student 

5. Start a mission study class in the con- 
gregation where you give a missionary pro- 
gram; or prevail, kindly, upon the congrega- 
tion to start systernatic giving for missions. 

6. Start a mission study class for the resi- 
dent members of your congregation who do 
not have the privilege of attending your 
college mission study classes. 

7. Be planning some new pictures or mot- 
to for the missionary exhibit at our coming 
Annual Meeting. You can't begin too soon. 

8. Remember the topics for the weekly 
prayer hour. Remember them especially in 
your band meetings. 

9. Elect provisional officers before the 
close of the spring term, so that your 
Volunteer Band may begin its work the day 
school opens in the fall. 

10. Remember — no volunteer can remain 
true to a high purpose if he fails to work 
and pray. 

11. Reread the above decalogue, and write 
down the things your band is not doing, so 
that you may discuss the matter at your 
next meeting. Write them down. Do it 
now. Thank you! 


It will, no doubt, be of interest to many 
who are not intimately associated with the 
Volunteer Bands to know that the volun- 
teers have changed somewhat their mem- 
bership requirements. By the provisions of 
an amendment to the constitution, recently 
ratified by at least ten of the bands, there 
are now two classes of student membership, 
active and associate. The active members 
sign the same declaration as formerly used, 
the words, " I hereby dedicate myself to 
special missionary service," being interpret- 
ed to mean dedication of all one's time and 
talent to the service of the church. The 
declaration of the associate members reads 
in part, " I hereby dedicate myself to service 
in whatever way God may direct." This in- 
cludes those who are consecrated and will- 
ing to do any service or go anywhere God 
may send, but who believe God wishes them 
to serve in some other way than in church- 
work. It also includes those who are whol- 
ly undecided as to the nature of their life- 

This new decision is not an attempt to 
restrict consecration to the pastor and the 
missionary. Rather, it is the expression of 
a conviction held by the majority of the 
volunteers — a conviction that the best of 
consecration may not lead us to the place 
in God's harvest field where we are needed 
most unless we accept some definite goal to 
strive towards, a goal which God will reveal 
to us as it becomes wise in His eyes. Hence- 
forth, then, every active volunteer has open- 
ly declared his intention of giving his whole 
time to some such service as the ministry, 


The Missionary Visitor 

foreign or home missions. Of these active 
volunteers some are definitely devoted to 
the foreign missionary enterprises of the 
church; others are not. This is the reason 
for the two columns under " Active " in the 
table of membership. 


Adra Boone 

DEAR Christian reader, are you living 
the faith life, "the life hid with 
Christ in God," which is so neces- 
sary for missionary service? Some of us 
may well ask ourselves this question. Oh, 
yes, we have accepted Christ, all right, i. e., 
we have been converted, and then what? 
Do we really understand the few precious 
words of the first verse of the eleventh 
.chapter of Hebrews: " Faith is the assur- 
;ance of things hoped for"? 

Have we been taking God at His word, or 
lhave we been trying to get Him to take us 
.at our word? Have we been wishing for a 
imore consecrated life? Have we been 
^meeting problems, trials and doubts? Have 
\we been struggling with them? Have we 
;been wondering why we do not have vic- 
tory over sin and temptation? Yes, we 

Now let us look at this verse again: 
'" Faith is the assurance of things hoped 
tfor." Yes, faith is assurance. The faith life 
lis living always in the present blessed as- 
surance that we have Christ in His fulness 
at any one time; that we have victory over 
sin and temptation since He will not 
:" tempt us above what we are able to bear"; 
tthat through this life of fulness with Him 
we may grow in grace and may obtain a 
•greater fulness as our appreciation and 
.union with Him becomes more complete. 

Dear reader, why is it so hard for us to 
live this simple faith life? Are we sur- 
prised at a little child's complete faith in 
its mother? Are we surprised that a moth- 
er will trust her baby in the servant's care 
for hours at a time? Or are we surprised 
that people will trust their lives to railway 
conductors and automobile chauffeurs? 

Again, Christian friend, when you have 
wronged your brother and write for his for- 
giveness, do you for one moment doubt his 
love and sincerity when he answers that he 
freely forgives all? Now when Jesus says 



unto us in simple, beautiful language, " But 
whosoever drinketh of the water that I 
shall give him shall never thifst; but the 
water I shall give him shall become in him 
a well of water springing up unto eternal 
life," why do we question, halt, and fear to 
believe entirely and wholly in Him? 

Oh, if we could only love Him enough to 
believe His Word in all its beautiful sim- 
plicity and all its wondrous power. Dear 
Christian, will you not for just now accept 
His words, " Believe and thou shalt be 
saved to the uttermost," as a simple fact? 
Have the faith (of assurance) that you are 
saved to the uttermost at this time with 
your present light, and then, you have this 
life of faith. 

Then as you grow in grace, as you meet 
trial and temptation, and as Satan tries to 
convince you that it is all mockery, hold 
fast to .this assurance that you do have Him 
for " Lo, I am with you always," that He 
will bear your burdens for you, and that He 
will hold you with His power and give you 
victory. Then henceforth always holding 
on to this simple faith, you will have His 
all-sustaining power which is a sure weapon 
against non-Christianity which will give 
victory over sin, temptation, and trials as 
you meet them in your life service. 

McPherson, Kans. 

Cora L. Heestand 
" Who knows but that thou art come in- 
to the kingdom for such a time as this?" 

" The history of religion is the history of 

" We must do religious thinking, not 
only nationally, but also in an international 

" Some say that the Chinese are not 
worth anything; if they are not, why did 
God make so many of them?" 

"Christ is the true form of my life; I 
must be like Him." 

" Possibly this war is simply a shadow of 
the Great Light that shines so closely be- 
hind it." 

" The war has nothing to do with for- 
eign missions. War does not influence God 
nor His Holy Spirit, and as far as we are 


The Missionary Visitor 


led by God's Holy Spirit, this war cannot 
influence us." 

"Is one room of the house of your life 
marked 'private' to God?" 

"The present generation stands between 
God and Africa." 

"What doest thou here sitting in idle- 
ness in America? Why not answer the call 
to bigger and broader service?" 

"I am laboring for those for whom 
Christ died." 

" The highest ethical principles of the na- 
tive religions have prepared the way for 

" Missionary intelligence is the funda- 
mental part and prayer the vital part of our 

" Christianity has turned China upside 
down, so of course that makes it rightside 
up now." 

"We have made China give up the old; 
we must give her the new." 

"The greatest need of Mexico is a 
VITAL religion." 


Blanche Bonsack 

Men may misjudge thy aim: 
Think they have cause for blame; 

Say thou art wrong! 
Hold on thy quiet way; 
Christ is the Judge— not they; 

Fear not! Be strong! 

ARE you sure you are right? Have 
you asked the advice of your Fath- 
er? And He has told you you are 
right? Then go ahead, continuing in the 
path where He would have you walk. You 
can't make a mistake. 

Oh, yes, I know men say you are fool- 
ish. But do they see through your eyes? 
I know men say you could make more 
money by following some other occupation. 
But have not a few of His children learned 
that money is not the most important thing 
to be attained? I know they say you are 
making uncalled-for sacrifice. But isn't that 
the very thing which strengthens you most? 
I know they say your ability lies in some 
other line of work. But do not you and 
your Father know most about that? I 
know they say you are trying to win the 
praise of men. But do they know your in- 
ner feelings? I know they say you are being 
guided by your own selfish aims and de- 
sires. But do they know the meaning, the 

beauty and sweetness of the " still small* 
voice " ? I know, yes, I know they are 
saying and thinking things to hinder you 
and to hurt you. I know that you are many 
times lonely and discouraged. But listen! 
Do you believe you have, at any time, been 
more lonely than was your Elder Brother 
at times, in His earthly sojourn? Have you 
ever been more discouraged than was He 
when, looking down over Jerusalem from 
the Mount of Olives, He cried from the 
very deepest depths of His human-divine 
soul, " O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, how often 
would I have gathered thee under my 
wing as a hen doth gather her brood, but 
ye would not"? 

And so " men misjudge you"? They mis- 
judged Christ. They "think they have 
cause for blame " ? They thought they 
had cause for the same in Christ, but were 
compelled to acknowledge, " I find no fault 
in him." Men " say thou art wrong " ? 
They said worse things about Christ. 

Hold in thy quiet way, 
Christ is the Judge— not they; 
Fear not! Be strong! 
Blue Ridge Volunteer Band. 


(Continued from Page 128) 
Missouri— $1.00. 
Middle District, Individual. 

Mary M. Cox, •$ 1 0ffl 

Total for the month, $ *S 

Previously received, &* &8 ' 

For the year, $ 58 21 


Iowa— $5.00. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Kingsley, * 5 °° 

Pennsylvania — $1.50. 

Southeastern District, Congregation. 

First Philadelphia, • 1 w 

Total for the month, $ « 52 

Previously received i,aui to 

For the year $ 1,807.95 

The following amounts from Churches and in- 
dividuals for World Wide Missions were received 
through Bro. E. H. Eby, but through oversight 
have not been heretofore acknowledged: 

Ashland Congregation $ 12 70 

Cordova Congregation, ■"■ f* 

A Brother, £ "" 

A Sister ■ * ( ° 

In January 

A Brother, 1 w 

In February 
Uplands, 1Z w 

Total, * M 72 


The Missionary Visitor 



Roy A. Frantz 

April 15-21.— MEDICAL NEEDS AND 
The medical profession is considered by 
every missionary as the most efficient 
means of reaching the mistrusting, skepti- 
cal heathen. Medicine has reached the 
highest castes in India and the most intol- 
erant natives in China. The man or wom- 
an who heals the body usually opens the 
door to heal the soul also. 

Let us thank the Lord for such marvel- 
ous opportunities among the darkened mil- 

India needs a new hospital and trained 
nurses for carrying forward the work. 

China is calling for more trained nurses 
to assist the natives in their medical work 
and for better hospital equipment. 
Pray for these needs and for every volun- 
teer who is considering this field of labor 
as his part. The training of our nurses 
and doctors is so rigorous that we should 
pray earnestly for their steadfastness 
through it all. 
Pray for the practical medical training of 
every missionary, to be able to meet the 
common emergencies of the home and 
mission station. 
Pray for the doctors now in preparation. 
April 22-28.— TRAINING AND WORK 
China is opening a new Bible school as 
a place of training for their native Chris- 
tians. Pray for Bro. Oberholtzer, who is 
preparing for this department. 

The Boys' and Girls' schools are very 
important as factors in the development of 
the native talent. Pray for the good influ- 
ence of the daily association of these stu- 
dents with their Christian teachers. 
Pray that the young Christians may be 
taught the true principles of self-disci- 
pline; that their social standards may be 
raised above question; that they may be 
lifted above the prevailing illiteracy of 
the multitudes and yet remain humbled 
for the Master's use. 
Thank the Lord for so many energetic and 
sacrificing Christians who are so heartily 
giving their service for their less fortunate 

Pray for those native brethren who are 
taking medical training in the universi- 
ties, and for those who are now assistants 
to the doctors and nurses. 
Surely it is the aim of the church in Amer- 
ica to so assist those in the foreign field 
that they may grow to become more 
nearly self-governing and supporting. 
April 29-May 5.— CONSECRATION OF 

None of God's work can be successfully 
carried forward in any field unless His am- 
bassadors there are intimately and con- 
tinually in touch with the heavenly head- 

We must thank our Father for so many 
men and women who have so freely given of 
themselves and have accomplished so much 
for others. 
Pray that every missionary may consecrate 

his entire life to the Lord's service. 
That each one may be filled and led of the 

Spirit in each day's duties. 
That they may learn to rely upon the never- 
failing Source of strength when theirs is 
That the missionaries may work in har- 
mony with each other and the Lord, even 
when such a thing is difficult. 
Every department of the work needs a lead- 
er: pray for such. It is said, "Learn to 
do heartily that which you most dislike 
to do." 

The missionary exhibit work at the Wich- 
ita Conference this year will afford a fine 
opportunity for enlarging the vision of oth- 
ers. Thank the Lord for the past good 
done along this line. 

Pray that each Volunteer Band may see 
the value of this work, and contribute lib- 
erally toward its success. 
Pray the Lord that each card sent for ex- 
hibition may bear some message distinct- 
ly missionary, which will spur on some 
hesitating soul. 
Remember those in charge of this work as 
well as those who shall receive the mes- 
sages into their hearts. 


The Missionary Visitor 




Johnny gave a cent to missions, 

One whole cent — how large it seemed! 

Johnny felt himself a giver 
As upon the plate it gleamed. 

One bright cent from Johnny's pocket, 

Where a nickel and a dime 
And three other duller pennies 

Were reposing at the time. 

" I should like to go for missions," 
Said the nickel, looking glum; 

" But I know too well I'm booked for 
Chocolates and chewing gum." 

" I would love to help the heathen," 
Cried the dime, " but then, you see, 

Johnny wants a brand-new pistol 
That he's going to buy with me." 

" Well, we wish," the three cents murmured, 
"Johnnie would have let us go; 

But for marbles, cakes and taffy 
We'll be quickly spent, we know." 

So they sighed and wished; but Johnny 
Wrapped in generous self-content, 

Felt himself a Christian truly 
Since he'd freely given a cent! 

— Priscilla Leonard, in the Sunday-school 

Johnny's mother sat beside him, 
Gowned in velvet, rich with fur; 

Soft her gloves and fine her laces — 
Shabby things were not for her. 

Round her throat and on her fingers 
Sparkled stones of purest water; 

"Fly abroad, thou mighty Gospel! 
Sang she — and she gave a quarter! 

At the end sat Johnny's father, 

With prosperity grown portly; 
Purring softly at the curbstone 

The limousine he'd enter shortly. 

Satisfied with worldly comforts, 
Sleek his hat and high his collar; 

Dividends were mounting swiftly — ■ 
So he proudly gave a dollar. 

— Elizabeth Elliot, in the Congregationalism 

Meanwhile other little Johnnies, 

Millions of them, India born, 
Ask about the saintly Jesus 

Whom some worship, others scorn. 

" We would like to know His message, 
We would like to love Him, too, 

But when your folks fail to tell us 
What can our folks hope to do?" 

One day Johnny hears street-preaching, 
Then to Sunday-school he goes, 

Gives his heart to Jesus freely — ■ 
Never thinks about his clothes. 

Now this Johnny puts a pice in 

And confidingly tells mother, 
" Since we're poor, perhaps our Jesus 

Will use us some day or other." 

If all Johnnies and their papas, 
And their mamas, plainly dressed, 

Were to give and pray more freely, 
Oh, how India would be blest! 

— Wilbur Stover, Ankleshwer, India. 


See my missionary dollar? 

And look how it rolls 
On its way of blessing, 

To poor needy souls. 

Here a dime comes singing; 

Can you catch its song? 
"Though so little I am willing 

To help the work along." 

Here's the modest nickel; 

Not so very bright, 
But glad to be of service; 

It can help all right. 

And you, O winsome penny, 

Children love you well. 
What we'd do without you, 

It's pretty hard to tell. 

What's that — love wheels, you're saying? 

"We've a great work to do; 
Always serving Jesus — 

Come help us, you and you." 

— Children's Home Missions. 


*fhe Missionary Visitor 


An African of the Forest 


A. M. Anderson 

V X X 7"IFE, what is that yelling and run- 
\^^ ning we hear out there by the 
trees? I wish you would step to 
lithe door and see what the disturbance is 
: about." It was evident that the missionary 
vwas nervous and tired, for usually he never 
jpaid any attention to the noises of the 
^people outside of the mission fence. 

" My dear husband, I just came in from 
^outdoors. There is nothing out of the ordi- 
nary. I am afraid you are working too hard 
«on that Xosa translation. You seem to be 
vvery nervous today. It would do you good 
tto go out and see those herdboys trying to 
»<catch birds. Stop your work now, and go 
t out into the fresh air for a little while. The 
^change will do you good." The missionary's 

wife emphasized her remarks by tapping her 
husband on the side of his face with her 

"You know that I will need this trans- 
lation by next Sunday, dearest, and it is 
important that I get the work finished. But 
I believe I had better take a little change in 
occupation for a short time. It will be a 
rest, to be sure." So saying, the missionary 
took his hat and went out to work on a 
building that was being erected for school 

"There they are! See them! Upon that 
tall tree! Throw your stick, Umlenzana! 
Oh, what a pity! Now, then, try it again! 
There! See! Oh! Too bad! Short-legs, 
you are no good." A troop of herdboys 


The Missionary Visitor 


came rushing past the house and trees and 
out on the open veld, following a flock of 
small birds, and trying all the time to hit 
them with their sticks. In a short time the 
birds turned and came swooping toward the 
trees near the mission house; and again the 
boys came rushing by, shouting and laugh- 
ing and throwing sticks at nearly every 
jump. Once in a while a bird would be hit 
and would flutter to the ground, where it 
would be quickly taken by one of the boys 
and tied by the neck to a grass rope which 
was around the boy's waist. 

The herdboys have great sport catching 
birds. In one hand they carry two to five 
short sticks that have a knob on one end 
the size of an egg or a boy's fist. They are 
experts in throwing, and it is surprising how 
far they throw. Usually, when they hunt 
birds, they will have five to ten dogs to as- 
sist them in driving the birds out of the tall 
grass. In their chase after birds, they de- 
sire to be fleet of foot and do not wish to 
be hindered by carrying a blanket. Not be- 
ing hampered by any clothing, they are very 
active, and they keep quite cool. 

When enough birds have been caught to 
satisfy them, a fire is made out of some dry 
brush near a stream of water, and the birds, 
one by one, are roasted over the fire, and 
then devoured, head, feet, feathers and all. 
This is one of their "high times," and is 
long to be remembered by those who partic- 

At a certain time of the year flying ants 
are numerous. It is at the flying-ant season 
that the herds have a great time. In some 
parts of the country the white ant mounds, 
from one to three feet high, are seen scat- 
tered everywhere. The air becomes fairly 
alive with flying ants. The boys are seen 
sitting on top of an ant heap catching the 
large ants when they come out. The ants 
are caught by the handful and placed in a 
sack or blanket. When the herdboys think 
that enough have been caught, they retire 
to a shady nook behind some steep hill or 
thick bush and feast on their splendid catch. 
It is amusing to watch them snap the wings 
off and flip the big white ants into their 
mouths, and smack their lips as though they 
had eaten a nice piece of candy. 

The boys have a number of different kinds 
i of " sweets." One evening when the mis- 
sionary came out on the veranda to res,t a 

few moments in the balmy, cool air, he saw 
a number of boys and girls running about 
in the grass and throwing their blankets* 
over something, and then catching what 
seemed to be under the blankets. After a' 
time the boys and girls were seen coming^ 
toward the kitchen hut, and soon disap- 
peared within. From the laughter and 
shouting that was heard it was evident that 
they were having a good time. The mis- 
sionary, being curious to know what caused 
the children to be so happy, went around to 
the back part of the hut and peered in 
through the window. On the center of the 
floor in the hut was a little fire, and around 
this fire the boys and girls were sitting, 
each with a small sharp stick in his ©r her 
hand, and on the end of each stick held over 
the live coals was a large, fat grasshopper, 
roasting. In about two minutes the grass- 
hoppers were roasted, and then eaten with a 
good deal of relish. A happier crowd of 
children would be hard to find. 

Seeing three herdboys digging in an ant 
heap one day, a missionary approached and 
made inquiry as to what they were doing. 
The boys were not in a mood to talk, but 
kept right on digging. Wishing to know 
what they were doing, he watched them dig. 

" Do you not think we have dug deep 
enough? Ntoni, put your stick in this hole 
and pry up this clod. Say, this is hard dig- 
ging! Oh, keep at it! I believe we will 
soon find it. Here! ho! whu! A big one. 
I have got it! Umapip had the last one. 
It is Ntoni's turn this time." The boys were 
all excited over finding a three-inch queen 
ant, as fat around as a stick of candy. To 
the utter surprise of the missionary, Ntorof 
lifted the large queen ant to his mouth, and 
soon appeared to enjoy a delicious taste-. 
The other boys looked on with eager, hnn)- 
gry eyes. In a minute they were at it again, 
digging for all they were worth. 

Hunting for a bees' nest is the most ex- 
citing game of all. When, after a long 
watch, a bees' nest is found on a hillside, all 
the herdboys in the community are notified! 
and a march is made for the place of con- 
flict. The fact that a pail of honey is to be 
had makes the boys immune to the sting of 
the bees. The heathen boys have a sweet, 
tooth, as well as white boys, and they es- 
pecially enjoy honey. — Light and Life: 


The Missionary Visitor 




In the February Visitor the $21 credited to S. 
Bock, Southern California, under World-wide 
'should be $11 instead. 

Also in the same report the amount of Unknown 
should be $0.10 instead of $0.20. These correc- 
tions will therefore decrease the total World- 
wide by that amount. 

During February the Mission Board sent out 
162,056 pages of tracts. 

The following donations to the Board's funds 
have been received during the month of Feb- 

Indiana — $605.62. 
Northern District, Classes. 

Cheerful Helpers, Cedar Lake, $5.51; 
Class No. 6, Middlebury, $2.75 $ 8 26 

Bequest of Cannon Smith 500 00 


A brother and sister, Walnut, $20; J. 
O. Culler, $6.50; John Bollinger, $5; John 
Huntington, $1.50; S. M. Rittenhouse, $5; 
Elsie Humbarger, $3.40; Melvin Swarts, 

$1.05, 42 45 

Middle District, Classes. 

Bible Class, Peru, $6.50; Loyal Daugh- 
ters, Loon Creek, $3.35 9 85 


R. Callane, $2; Ida F. Sines, $1; Eliza- 
beth Jones, 50 cents 3 50 

Southern District, Individuals. 

M. A. Barnhart, $40 ; A sister, $1.56, ... 41 56 

Iowa— $308.30. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Kingsley, .' 5 00 


Sam'l Fike, $12; H. E. Slifer, $10; H. 
C. Sheller, $10; Julia A. Sheller, $2; D. 
W. Shock (marriage notices), $1; Eld. A. 
P. Blough (marriage notice), 50 cents, .. 35 50 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Catharine Bluebaugh, $250 ; Hazel Eby, 

$1 ; J. F. Edmister, 40 cents 251 40 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Susanna Brown, $10; Emanuel Henry, 
$3.50; Nora Bolton, $1; Jacob Keffer, 
$1.40; A. W. Miller (marriage notice), 50 

cents, 16 40 

Virginia— $247.23. 

First District, Congregation. 

Cloverdale, 21 00 


John W. Layman, 50 00 

Second District, Individuals. 

W. H. Sipe, $10; Mrs. J. W* Harnsberg- 

er, Barren Ridge, $1.10, 11 10 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Timberville, $79; Flat Rock, $32.02; 

Unity, $28.47, 139 49 


Peach Grove, Salem, . 2 50 

Christian Workers. 

New Dale, Unity, 5 14 


Walter S. Wine, $5; N. I. Buck, $1, . . . 6 00 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Hollywood, 2 00 


J. S. Wine, 10 00 

Pennsylvania — $149.19. 

Western District, Congregation. 

Summit Mills, 17 19 


Mrs. W. M. Howe. $2.60; Anna E. Os- 
terwise, $1; J. H. Lehman, $1; Nannie 

McMillen, 40 cents, 5 09 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Everett, 7 00 


Snyder Cross Roads, Roaring Spring, 10 00 

Sam'l R. Snyder, $3; D. P. Hoover, 

$2.60; Edw. Harden, $2; Thos. Harden 

and family, $1 $ 8 60 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

H. B. Horst, $2; John R. Erb, $1.90; 

Louisa Kemmerer, $1, 4 90 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Waynesboro, 58 20 


D. B. Hostetler, $9.50; Annie E. Em- 
mert, $1 ; Clarence A. Markey, $1 ; David 

Basehore, 65 cents, 12 15 

Southeastern District, Congregation. 

Coventry, 20 15 


A. R. Coffman and wife, $5 ; Mrs. R. D. 

Raffensperger, $1, 6 00 

California— $147.36. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Lindsay, $17.40 ; Trigo, $4.30 21 70 


Abbie Miller, $5; Anna Kline, 50 cents; 
A. M. White (marriage notice), 50 cents, 6 00 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Covina, $90.20; South Los Angeles, 

$25.96 116 16 


Nancy D. Underhill, $2.50; Pearl Hat- 
field, $1 3 50 

Canada— $57.50. 

Western District, Congregation. 

Pleasant Vialley, 8 60 


G. A. Porchet, $48; Chas. M. Davis, 90 

cents, 48 90 

Ohio— $52.93. 

Northwestern District, Individuals. 

Lydia Fried, $18; J. W. Smith, $1, . . . . 19 00 

Northeastern District, Congregations. 

Chippewa, $7.23 ; Danville, $3, 10 23 


Morris Weisel, $1.50 ; Ethel Hauenstein, 
10 cents; Mrs. David Hively, $1; E. E. 
Neiderhiser, 50 cents; Simeon Longa- 
necker, 90 cents ; Emma Rohrer, $3 ; Geo. 

H. Irvin, $10.20 ; A sister, $2, 19 20 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Wm. Kress, $1; Mrs. Chas. Selby, West 
Dayton, $1; H. Jesse Baker (marriage 
notice), 50 cents; Sister H. E. A., $2, ... 4 50 

Maryland — $39.23. 
Western District, Individuals. 

Lilly Merrill, $5; Jacob Abe, 40 cents, 5 40 

Middle District, Individual. 

Harvey J. Martin (marriage notice), 50 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Long Green Valley, 8 33 


W. E. Roop and wife, Meadow Branch, 

$20 ; Celia Tost, $5, 25 00 

Missouri — $88.20. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Rockingham, 14 00 


Fred Zimmerly, 5 00 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Warrensburg, $4.50; Mineral Creek, 

$3.45 7 95 


Elda Gauss, $5; Mary M. Cox, $1; 
L. B. Ihrig (marriage notice), 50 cents, 6 50 

Southern District. 

A Sister, 54 75 

West Virginia— $37.10. 

First District, Congregation's. 

German Settlement, Maple Spring, 

$10 ; Allegheny, $5.70, 15 70 


Jesse and Laura Riehman, Tearcoat, 
$15; A. A. Rotruck, $2.40; Jennie Bur- 
gess, $2, 19 40 

Second District, Individual. 

M. C. Czigans 2 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Illinois — $34.53. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

West Branch, $ 30 03 


H. B. Miller, $3; Sara G. Replogle, $1, 4 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

Barbara Perrine, Coal Creek, 50 

North Dakota— $34.29. 

.Salem, ' <o 


j Chas. F. Culp. $5; D. M. Shorb (mar- 
riage notice), 53 cents; A brother. $20: 
I James O. Kesler (marriage notice). 50 
cents; Wm. D. Brunnemeyer (marriage 

(notice) , 50 cents 26 53 

j Colorado — $31.28. 
Western District, Congregation. 

First Grand Valley 13 73 

; Sunday-school. 

Fruita 8 40 


Mrs. H. M. Long. $2; J. W. Trissel, $1, 3 00 

Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Lowland, 80 

Southeastern District, Individuals. 

Jacob Haney. $2.60; Dellie Moore, $2; 

Edith Suhler, 75 cents, 5 35 

Oregon — $23.44. , 


Portland, $20 ; Newberg, $2.94, 22 94 


M. C. Lininger (marriage notice, 50 

Kansas — $21.50. 

Northwestern District, Individuals. 

Sarah Horting, $5; Maud Dinger, $4.50, 9 50 

Southwestern District, Sunday-school. 

West Wichita, 9 81 


A. H. Lolling, $1.19; Lena Peel, $1, . . . 2 19 

Washington — $17.00. 

A. N. Huffman, $15; Susan Silvuse, $1; 

Ray Williams, $1, 17 00 

Minnesota — $14.00. 

Every Ready Class, Worthington, 14 00 

I Tennessee— $12.00. 
I Congregation. 

Beaver Creek, 10 00 


Louisa Andes, $1 ; A sister, $1, 2 00 

Louisiana — $11.00. 

John and Lucy Metzger, $10 ; J. F. 

Hoke (marriage notices), $1, 11 00 

Idaho— $8.30. 

Weiser, 6 70 

Christian Workers. 

Weiser, 1 60 

Nebraska — $5.90. 

J. G. Eby, $4.90; Mrs. M. E. Hilde- 

brand, $1 5 90 

South Carolina — $5.00. 

J. I. Branscom, 5 00 

Michigan— $4.00. 

Mary E. Mote, $3.90; Jos. O. Cook, 

10 cents, 4 00 

New Mexico — $0.50. 

Individual. , 

Elias M. Reed (marriage notice), .... 50 

Oklahoma — $0.50. 
Minnie Nelson, 50 

Wisconsin— $0.50. 

Susan Stott, 50 

Kentucky — $0.40. 

Owen Barnhart, $ 40 

Unknown— $1.00. 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 1,957 80 

Previously received, 41,502 59 

For the year $43,460 39 


California — $58.46. 

Southern District. Congregations. 

Pasadena, $28.86; Long Beach, $12.10,..$ 40 96 

Xancy D. Underhill, $2.50; A brother, 

$15, 17 50 

Pennsylvania — $22.98. 
Middle District. 

Curryville Missionary Society, 21 78 

Southern District. 

Receipt No. 33,169, 1 20 

Minnesota — $8.58. 

Minneapolis, 8 58 

K an sa s — $7 .05 . 

Southwestern District. Sunday-school. 

Peabody, 7 05 

Missouri — $5.00. 
Northern District. 

Kings Daughters, Wakenda, 5 00 

Washington — $2.50. 
Christian Workers. 

North Yakima, i 2 50 

Wisconsin — $2.00. 

Mary Hintz 2 00 

Nebraska — $1.00. 

David Neher, Beatrice 1 00 

Total for the month $ 107 57 

Previously received, 973 42 

For the year, $ 1,080 99 

Pennsylvania — $53.60. 

Western District. Sunday-schools. 

Maple Glen. $16; Middle Creek, $4.60,..$ 20 60 
Southern District, Christian Workers. 

York 13 00 


Bessie Rohrer, 20 00 

Indiana — $39.45. 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Flora 39 45 

Ohio— $20.00. 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Springfield, 20 00 

North Dakota — $20.00. 
Christian Workers. 

Egeland, 20 00 

Oklahoma— $20.00. 

Jennie M. Garber, 20 00 

Michigan — $10.00. 

Shepherd, 10 00 

Virginia — $10.00. 

Primary and Beginners' Classes, Clo- 

verdale, 10 00 

Nebraska,— $2.50. 

A Sister, Lincoln, 2 50 

Total for the month, $ 175 55 

Previously received, 2,660 11 

For the year $ 2,835 66 


The Missionary Visitor 


California— $46.45. 

Northern District, Christian Workers. 

Oak Grove, $ 7 00 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Pomona 39 45 

Iowa — $37.50. 

Middle District, Christian Workers. 

Adel 12 50 


Mr. and Mrs. L. A. Walker, 25 00 

Michigan— $30.93. 

Three Primary Classes, Woodland, ... 30 93 

Pennsylvania — $25.00. 
Western District. 

Laborers for the Master, O. A. B. C. 
Pike 25 00 

Ohio— $12.50. 

Northwestern District, Sunday-school. 
Pleasant View 12 50 

Oregon— $5.00. 

A. L. Buck, 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 157 38 

Previously received 1,176 85 

For the year $ 1,334 23 


Ohio— $5.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 
Sister C. V. Wagner $ 5 00 

California — $5.00. 

Southern District, Aid Society. 
Pasadena 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 10 00 

Previously received, 125 00 

For the year $ 135 00 


Indiana — $20.67. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Elkhart City $ 20 67 

Illinois— $10.00. 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

La Place, 10 00 

Pennsylvania; — $5.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Mary A. Kinsey, 5 00 

California— $1.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 
Pearl Hatfield 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 36 67 

Previously received 380 72 

For the year, $ 417 39 


Nebraska! — $2.50. 

Christian Workers. 

Enders, $ 2 50 

Indiana. — $2.50. 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Noblesville 2 50 

Iowa— $1.76. 

Middle District, Individuals. 

W. I. Buckingham and wife, 1 76 

Total for the month, $ 6 76 

Previously received, 75 00 

For the year, ... r ...... f ...... $ 81 76 


Washington — $4.22. 

Truth Seekers, North Yakima $ 4 22 

Total for the month, $ 4 22 

Previously received, 16 10 

For the year $ 20 32 


Pennsylvania — $142 .34. 

Western District, Congregation. 

Plum Creek, $ 5 02 

Christian Workers. 

Summit, Brothers Valley, $1.50; Rock- 
ten, 55 cents; Meyersdale, $5; Indian 

Creek, $7.10, 14 15 

Aid Societies. 

Maple Grove, Johnstown, $10; Pitts- 
burgh, $10, 20 00 


A sister, Pittsburgh, 5 00 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Snake Spring, 2 26 

Christian Workers. 

Martinsburg, Clover Creek, $11.44; 
Curryville, $5; Stonerstown, $2.52; James 

Creek, $3 ; Lewistown, $10.38, 32 34 

Aid Societies. 

Lewistown, $10; Roaring Spring, $5; 
Martinsburg, $5, 20 00 

King's Daughters, Huntingdon 15 00 

Eastern District, Christian Workers. 

Lebanon, Midway, 6 00 

Aid Society. 

East Petersburg, Mountville, 5 00 

Southern District, Christian Workers. 

Mechanicsburg, Lower Cumberland, 

$7.57; Marsh Creek, $5; Hanover, $5, 17 57 

Ohio— $126.02. 

North we'stern District, Congregation. 

Toledo 196 

Christian Workers. 

Pleasant View, 5 30 

Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Mt. Zion, 10 00 

Southern District, Christian Workers. 

New Carlisle, $3.75; Poplar Grove, 

$2.76 ; Greenville, $2.25, 8 76 

Aid Societies. 

New Carlisle. $75; West Milton, $10; 

West Dayton, $10, 95 00 


Sister C. V. Wagner, 5 00 

Indiana — $82.96. 

Northern District, Christian Workers. 

West Goshen, $4.18; Nappanee. $3.12, .. 7 30 

Dorcas Class, Goshen City, 5 00 


A brother and sister, $20; " K. K.," 

$10, 30 00 

Middle District, Christian Workers. 

Ogans Creek, 3 96 

Aid Society. 

Peru, 5 00 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Four Mile, , 30 00 

Christian Workers. 

Allison 1 70 

Virginia — $79.47. 

First District, Christian Workers. 

Pleasant Valley, 1 60 

Second District, Aid Societies. 

Bridgewater, $50; Bridgewater Junior, 

$20, 70 00 

Northern District, Christian Workers. 

Harrisonburg, 2 87 

Aid Society. 

Harrisonburg, 5 00 

Illinois— $57.59. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Cherry Grove, 2 85 

Southern District, Christian Workers. 

Blue Ridge, $10; Coal Creek, $4.74, ... 14 7* 


The Missionary Visitor 


Aid Societies. 

Virden, $25; Centennial, $lo, $ 40 00 

California— $45.35. 

Northern District, Christian Workers. 

Chico ••••• 3 25 

Southern District, Christian Workers. 

Pasadena 1-10 

Aid Societies. ^ _ n An 

Pomona, $25 ; Inglewood, $o, ou uu 

Iowa— $45.00. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

David Brallier and wife, $10 ; A family, 

•^ 3o 00 

Middle 'District,' Christian Workers. 

Beaver, ° uu 

1 Aid Society. 

Des Moines Valley, » w 

Missouri— $40.12. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

Wakenda - : • •• • J> "0 

North Rockingham Missionary Circle, Jo 00 
Middle District, Christian Workers. 

Leeton, $4.77 ; Mound, $3.25 8 02 

I Southern District, Christian Workers. 

Joplin 2 10 

Maryland— $34.87. 

Middle District, Christian Workers. 

Manor, 4 oO 

Aid Society. 

Berkeley, 5 00 

Eastern District, Christian Workers. 

Westover, $6; Long Green Valley, $4.37, 10 37 
Aid Societies. ^ ^_. 

Beaver Dam, $10; Pipe Creek, $o, 15 00 

Michigan— $28.50. 

Christian Workers. 

Fairview, 3 50 

Aid Society. _ 

Woodland, 2o 00 

Kansas — $11 .42 . 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Maple Grove 8 1- 

iChristian Workers. 

Quinter, 3 30 

'Washington— $10.70. 
•Christian Workers. 

Sunnyslope, $6 ; Olympia, $2.30, 8 30 


R. H. Hasseltine, 2 40 

Oklahoma — $10.55. 


Washita, b 6o 

Christian Workers. nn 

Big Creek 4 20 

Nebraska— $10.00. 


South Beatrice 5 00 

Aid Society. 

Afton, 5 00 

Colorado — $8.66. 

Western District, Individual. 

Mrs. H. M. Long 2 00 

Northea'stern District, Christian Workers. 

Colorado City, $5.23; Sterling, $1.43.... 6 66 

Idaho— $7.80. ~ 

Christian Workers. 

Boise, 7 80 

North Dakota— $4.70. 
Christian Workers. 

Cando, 4 70 

West Virginia— $1.55. 

First District, Congregation. 

Bean Settlement 1 55 

Total for the month, $ 747 60 

Previously received 1,585 78 

For the ytar $ 2,333 38 


California — $169.27. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Lindsay, $23.12; McFarland, $12 $ 35 12 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Lordsburg, $92.24; Pasadena, $23.41,.. 115 61 
Christian Workers. 

Covina 13 00 


A. A. Neher and wife, $3; Nancy D. 

Underbill, $2.50, 5 50 

Colorado — $30.20. 

Southeastern District, Congregation. 

Rocky Ford, 30 20 

Oregon — $10.10. 

Mr. and Mrs. Will Carl, 10 10 

Ohio — $6.46. 

Northwestern District, Sunday-school. 

South Poplar Ridge 6 46 

Pennsylvania — $6.00. 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Everett, 5 00 

Southern District. 

Receipt No. 33169 1 00 

Nebraska — $4.50. 

David Neher, $1 ; A sister, Lincoln, 

$3.50, 4 50 

Indiana— $3.50. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Mrs. Albert Gump, 1 00 

Middle District, Individual, 2 50 

Michigan — $2 .90. 

Shepherd Primary, 2 90 

Washington — $2-50. 
Christian Workers. 

North Yakima, 2 50 

Idaho— $2.00. 

Emma Newland, 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 237 43 

Previously received 1,570 13 

For the year $ 1,807 56 


Ohio— $25.60. 

Northwestern District, Sunday-school. 

Baker $ 14 60 

Northeastern District, Individual. 

Geo. Hartsough, 6 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Brother and Sister John H. Rinehart, . 5 00 

North Dakota— $22.00. 

Willing Workers, Surrey, 22 00 

Pennsylvania — $5.00. 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Waynesboro Primary, 5 00 

Maryland — $2.25. 
Middle District. 

Nannie Martin's Class, Broadfording, 2 25 

Iowa — $1.00. 

Middle District, Christian Workers. 
Iowa River, 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 55 85 

Previously received, 1,358 09 

For the year, $ 1,413 94 


Michigan— $30.00. 

Three Primary Classes, Woodland, ...$ 30 00 
Ohio— $10.95. 
Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Bear Creek, 10 96 


The Missionary Visitor 

Indiana — $6.11. 

Southern District. 

Class No. 9, Rossville, $ 6 11 

Total for the month, $ 47 06 

Previously received, 121 82 

For the year, $ 168 88 

Ohio— $10.95. 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Bear Creek $ 10 95 

Maryland— $10.00. 

Eastern District, Aid Society. 

Beaver Dam, 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 20 95 

Previously received, 144 87 

For the year $ 165 82 

Delaware — $50.00. 


Christian Krabill, *....$ 50 00 

Pennsylvania— $15.00. 
Western District. 

A Sister, Pittsburgh, 5 00 

Middle District, Individual. 

Mary A. Kinsey, 5 00 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Waynesboro, Primary, 5 00 

Ohio— $8.00. 

Southern District, Christian Workers. 

Trotwood 8 00 

Maryland— $5.62. 

Middle District, Christian Workers. 

Longmeadow, Beaver Creek 5 62 

Minnesota— $4.25. 
Christian Workers. 

Deer Park, 4 25 

Total for the month, $ 82 87 

Previously received 648 87 

For the year, $ 731 74 


Indiana. — $9.28. 

Northern District, Christian Workers. 

Nappanee $ 3 12 


Emma Bollman, 3 51 

Southern District, Christian Workers. 

Buck Creek, 2 65 

Illinois— $6.00. 

Northern District, Christian Workers. 

Shannon, 6 00 

Kansas— $5.65. 

Northwestern Dist., Christian Workers. 

North Solomon 3 50 

Northeastern District, Christian Workers. 

Olathe 2 15 

Virginia— $5.61. 

First District, Christian Workers. 

Pleasant Valley, 1 61 

Second District, Christian Workers. 

Elk Run 4 00 

Oregon — $4.42. 
Christian Workers. 

Myrtle Point, 4 42 

Louisiana — $4.05. 
Christian Workers. 

Roanoke, 4 05 

California — $4.00. 

Southern District, Christian Workers. 

Inglewood, 2 60 


Pearl Hatfield, 1 40 

Iowa — $3.50. 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Iowa River, 3 50 

Maryland — $2.00. 

Middle District, Christian Workers. 
West Brownsville 


2 00 

Total for the month, $ 44 51 

Previously received, 1,675 88 

For the year, $ 1,720 39 


Indiana — $81.76. 

Northern District, Christian Workers. 

LaPorte, $ 3 00 

Middle District, Christian Workers. 

Bachelor's Run 3 76 


Richard Collane, $40; I. C. Snavely, 

$15, 55 00 

Southern District, Christian Workers. 

Rossville, 20 00 

Minnesota — $25.00. 

Gleaners' Class, Deer Park, 25 00 

North Dakota — $3.60. 
Christian Workers. 

Minot, 3 60 

Ohio— $2.76. 

Northwestern District, Christian Workers. 

Green Spring, 2 76 

Michigan— $2.25. 
Christian Workers. 

Hart 2 25 

Missouri — $1.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Elsie Hamm, 100 

Total for the month, $ 116 37 

Previously received, 1,252 93 

For the year $ 1,369 30 

Pennsylvania — $2.00. 
Middle District, Individual. 

Sister J. C. Miller, Tyrone, 2 00 

Total for the month, 
Previously received, 

2 00 

58 00 

For the year, 


Pennsylvania, — $5.00. 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 
Waynesboro Primary, 

$ 60 00 

5 00 

Total for the month, $ 5 00 

Previously received, 14 00 

For the year, $ 


Pennsylvania — $15.00. 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Snyder Cross Roads, Roaring Spring,. $ 
Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Waynesboro Primary, 

Ohio— $5.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Sister C. V. Wagner, 

Maryland — $5.00. 

Eastern District, Sunday-school. 

Union Bridge 

19 00 

10 00 
5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

Total for the month, 
Previously received, 

For the year, .$ 


Ohio— $3.63. 

Northeastern District, Individuals. 
Mrs. Orley Phillips, $2.13; Morris 

Weise, $1.50, 

(Continued on Page 119) 

25 00 

738 89 

F63 89 

3 63 



D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Life Ad- ffiENB ROTOR ^lgln; 111. 

visorv Member OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, 

H C EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa. 
J. J. XODER, McPherson, Kans. 


H C EARLY President J. H. B. WILLIAMS, Ass't Secretary, and 
OTHO WINGER, Vice President. Editor of Missionary Visitor. 

GALEN B. ROYER, Secretary-Treasurer. 



Winp a ™ Aagade 26, 2 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 

Wine] Attie " C.', ' '. '. ". '. '. '. Y.Y.'.'.V.Y.'.V. Aagade 26, 2 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 


Buckingham, Ida Friisgatan No, 2, MalmO, Swede. 

Grnvhill T F Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Swedes 

Graybil!; Alice' M..WWWWWWW W Friisgatan> No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 


Blough, Anna V /./• pin S ™g Men, Shansi, China 

Tirio-iTt t ttattipA Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

BriS* Minnie™ ......WW ....... Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Iru^akerf 1 dT' O. G.V WWW WWWWV Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

crump k a e c r ker Co F a a -(on furiough) ; ww;.wwwww::;:;::w::: ^ p p h h ««° n n ' SS 

§3 , o 1 S p w k iSi. Alllia N ' (on furlough) ' :::::::::::::::::::::::Liaoc£ p £& SS£ 

Florv Ravmond C .WV.7.7 Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Forv' Lizzie N ■ Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Horning Emma ." '.'... Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Hutchison Anna, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Metzeer Minerva' Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Oberholtzer I e' North China Language School, Peking, Chili, China 

Oberholtzer' Elizabeth W., North China Language School, Peking, Chili, China 

Rider Bessie M" North China Language School, Peking, Chili, China 

Sender Nettie M '" North China Language School, Peking, Chili, China 

KhnMr 'T-nnm M "' Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Vaniman Ernest b.'/W.W Pi?g Tin* Men, Shansi China 

' Vaniman, Susie C, v -P^sTing Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wamnler Dr. Fred J P in S Tin & Hsien, Shansi, China 

wSplS; Rebecca^S., P^g Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 


Arnold S Ira Post, Umalla, via Ankle'svar, India 

Arnold', Elizabeth', WWWW Post, Umalla, via Anklesvar, India 

Blough J M Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Blough! Anna'z.V ".".*.'. Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M Bulsar Surat Dist., India 

Ebev, Adam (on furlough) North Manchester, Indiana 

Ebey, Alice K. (on furlough), North Manchester, Indiana 

Emmert, Jesse B. Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Emmert, Gertrude R., Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Eby , Anna M., Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Garner, H. P Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Garner, Kathryn B •• •. Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida. (on furlough), McPherson Hospital, McPherson, Kansas. 

Hoffert A. T., Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Holsopple Q. A., Post, Umalla, via Anklesvar, India 

Holsopple, Kathren R. (on furlough) Elgin, 111. 

Kaylor, John I .- Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Kaylor, Rosa, Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Lichty, Daniel J., • Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Lichty , Nora A., Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Long, I. S., Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Long, Effie V Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Miller, Eliza B., Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Miller, Sadie J., Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Mohler, Jennie, * Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Nickey, Dr. Barbara M Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Pitteriger, J. M., . . . .- Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Pittenger, Florence B., Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Powell, Josephine, Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Rover, B. Mary, i Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Ross, A. W Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Ross, Mrs. A. W., Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Shumaker, Ida C, Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Stover, W. B., Anklesvar, India 

Stover, Marv E., Anklesvar, India 

Swartz, Goldie .Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Widdowson, S. Olive, Anklesvar, India 

Ziegler, Kathryn, Anklesvar, India 

Please Notice — Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction 
thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or 

Are You Realizing a Fair 
Income on Your Money? 

Is your farm paying you a profit, in any- 
wise commensurate with the amount of 
money you have invested in it ? 

your desire to invest in institutions or properties that may wonderfully 
enhance in value, or have you arrived at that period of life or that con- 
dition of independence where you wish your money to earn you a fair 
rate of interest, with a sure and steady income? 

If You Desire a Certain Rate of Income, — An Income as Large as You 

Can Reasonably Expect Your Money to Earn You, — Why Not 

Investigate More Fully the Details of Our Annuity Plan? 

Our Annuity Plan has stood the test of YEARS. 
Our Annuitants all vote in its favor. 

Worth Your Consideration 

The wisest provision for 
old age is the investment of 
funds, when still in good 
health, in an institution that 
has stood the test of years, 
which has a clean record, a 
substantial standing, stabili- 
ty of assets, a specified In- 
come commensurate with the 
fair earning power of money; 
and which promises, with the 
above requirements, the min- 
imum of worry, trouble and 

The following amounts have been 
paid by us in annuities since the 
plan was inaugurated in 1896 

1897 $ 1,501.76 

1898 4,081.49 

1899 t , 4,889.61 

1900 ... '. 6,636.77 

19-01 7,111.92 

1902 t . 8,097.74 

1908 10,204.24 

1904 11,660.26 

1906 12,871.08 

1906 18,248.00 

1907 ..: 15,073.63 

1908 15,813.66 

1909 16,802.93 

1910 17,513.69 

1911 , :... 19,255.82 

1912 21,320.16 

1918 23,621.71 

1114 ,26,717.86 

1916 31,360.72 

Total ......$265,583.04 

Some Advantages of Our Annuity Plan 

Your investment is secure. 
There is no trouble in collections. 
No loss of time in the investment. 
No depreciation of investment. 
Income is sure. No taxes. 

You are your own executor. 
No speculation in investment. 
Your money is invested in first 

mortgages on farm real estate, 
Provision is made for old age. 

Your investment assists in carrying the Gospel to the whole world. 

The plan through which you invest with us is easy. A postcard in- 
quiry will reveal it all to you. 

Are you interested? Why not write us? 

General Mission Board .'. Elgin, Illinois 




Be Always Giving 

The sun gives ever, so the earth 

What it can give, so much 'tis worth. 
The ocean gives in many ways, 

Gives baths, gives fishes, rivers, bays. 

So too the air, it gives us breath, 

When it stops giving conies in death. 
Give, give, be always giving — 
Who gives not is not living; 
The more you give the more you live. 

God's love hath in us wealth unheaped; 

Only by giving is it reaped. 

The body withers and the mind 
Is pent up by a selfish rind; 
Give thoughts, give words, give deeds, give 

Give love, give tears, and give thyself; 

Give, give, be always giving — 

Who gives not is not living; 

The more you give, the more you live. g 



The Missionary Visitor 




The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to the 
General Board, either direct or thru any congregational collection, provided the 
dollar or more is given by one individual and in no way combined with another's 
gift. Different members of Ihe same family may each give a dollar or more, and extra 
subscriptions, thus secured) may upon request be sent to persons who they know will 
be interested in reading the Visitor. 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscrip- 
tion for every dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of one dollar or 
more, no matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting 
the Committee to raise missionary money.and upon their request annually, the Visitor 
will be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries including Canada. 
Subscriptions discontinued at expiration of time. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. 
When asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please order paper 
each year if possible under same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 
Entered as second class matter at the postoffice at Elgin, Illinois. 

Contents for May, 1917 



A Christian, His Farms and a Scripture Verse, By A. J. Culler, 132 

Stewardship, By F. H. Crumpacker, 134 

The Unspeakable Gift of Proper Giving, By Galen B. Royer, 136 

Advantages of the Every Member Canvass for Missions, By Ross D. 

Murphy, . . '. 138 

What Tithing Has Done for Oklahoma, Bv John R. Pitzer, 140 

Notes from India, By Erne V. Long, 142 

News from China, By Emma Horning, 142 

A Drink of Water in India, 144 

The Brightest and Best, By Jennie N. Standifer, 146 

The Church City Mission, By X- F. Graybill, 148 

Some Missionary Questions, By Elgin S. Moyer, 149 

" The Trees of the Lord Are Full of Sap " (Poem), By Jas. A. Sell, .... 149 

Revival of a Waning Country Church, By C. R. Oellig, 150 

Proportion (Poem), By William Merrell Vories, 150 

Delay Is Not Denial (Poem), 151 

Weekly Prayer Hour, By R. A. Frantz, 156 



Be a Volunteer, By Elgin Si Moyer, 154 

Help Wanted, By H. Stover Kulp, 154 

The Call, By Elsie M. Price, 155 



The Missionary Visitor 

Volume XIX MAY, 1917 Number 5 

(§nt Wtrfjtta iltotflnarg ©ffertng 

°?TAe Need and the Supply 

The Extreme Need: The Hungry Multitude 

Millions — a thousand million — heathen are denied the 
living bread. Their mute lips and hungering 
hearts are a living, pitiful, tremendous plea to us 
who have not yet tasted the bitterness of active 

As the Disciples viewed the situation: Send them away 

Can we discharge our responsibility by shutting our 
eyes and stopping our ears to their hunger and 
helplessness? Can we be saved if we harbor the 
disposition to " send them away " ? 

As the need appealed to Philip : " That everyone may take a little " 

We are responsible as the Church of the Brethren in our 
missionary territories in India and China for the 
spiritual welfare of more than 2,000,000 souls. Do 
we exceed Philip in our desire for them? 

The Mind of the Master: " Give ye them to eat " 

With our corn, our wheat, our fatness, our war prosper- 
ity, do we not well to accept such gifts and un- 
precedented prices as a clarion call from the Lord 
to dispense our bounties liberally? 

The Abundant Supply : " They did eat and were filled " 

How our gifts can satisfy the hungry multitudes when we 
allow God to dispense them ! How He can multi- 
ply them for blessing His hungry people ! " Nor 
could I aught withhold, dear Lord, from Thee." 

Whether present at Wichita or not, remember liberally the offering for the Lord 
which will be lifted at that great meeting on Monday afternoon 


The Missionary Visitor 



The Lord's Money: Charge them that are 
rich in this world, that they be not high- 
minded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but 
in the living God, Who giveth us richly all 
things to enjoy (1 Tim. 6: 17). 

Thou shalt remember the Lord thy God: 
for it is He That giveth thee power to get 
wealth (Deut. 8: 18). 

The blessing of the Lord, it maketh rich, 
and He addeth no sorrow with it (Prov. 10: 

How Can It Be Used? How shall they 
believe in Him Whom they have not heard? 
And how shall they hear without a preach- 
er? And how shall they preach except they 
be sent (Rom. 10: 14, 15)? 

I am debtor both to the Greeks and Bar- 
barians, both to the wise and to the foolish. 
So as much as in me is I am ready to 
preach the gospel to you also that are in 
Rome (Rom. 1: 14, 15). 

Where Invest It? He that hath pity up- 
on the poor lendeth unto the Lord; and that 
which he hath given will He pay him again 
(Prov. 19: 17). 

Lay not up for yourselves treasures upon 
earth, . . . but lay up for yourselves treas- 
ures in heaven (Matt. 6: 19, 20). 

If thou wilt be perfect, go and sell that 
thou hast and give to the poor, . . . and 
come and follow Me (Matt. 19: 21). 

Inasmuch as ye have done it unto. one of 
the least of these My brethren, ye have 
done it unto Me (Matt. 25: 40). 

The Blessings of Partnership with God: 
There is that maketh himself poor, yet hath 
great riches (Prov. 13: 7). 

Give, and it shall be given unto you; good 
measure, pressed down, and shaken togeth- 
er, and running over. For with the same 
measure that ye mete withal it shall be 
measured to you again (Luke 6: 38). 

Bring ye the whole tithe into the store- 
house, . . . and prove Me if I will not open 
you the windows of heaven, and pour you 
out a blessing that there shall not be room 
enough to receive it (Mai. 3: 10). 

The Injustice of Withholding: Woe tint 
them that join house to house, that lay fiel 
to field, till there be no place, that they may 
be placed alone in the midst of the earth 
(Isa. 5: 8)! 

It is easier for a camel to go through the 
eye of a needle, than for a rich man to en 
ter into the kingdom of God (Matt. 19: 24). 

Dr. A. J. Gordon once said on the subject 
of tithing: " If any Christian who has never 
tried tithing will make the experiment, fol- 
lowing it through to the end, in prosperity 
and adversity, we predict for him two sur- 
prises: First, he will be astonished at the 
increased amount which by this method he 
is enabled to give to the Lord; and, second- 
ly, he will be astonished at the increased 
spiritual and temporal prosperity which the 
Lord will give him." 

A certain well-known minister in America 
was asked what he should do first if he 
were to take the pastorate of a dying 
church. This experienced minister replied 
that the first thing he would do would be to 
preach a missionary sermon and lift an of- 
fering for foreign missions. He evidently 
would labor on the theory that " decay " in 
church conditions could best be checked 
through centering the minds of his flock on 
something alive rather than on their own 
dying condition. 

This reminds us of another theory, pro- 
posed by a good missionary secretary who 
was asked what he would do under the en- 
vironments of an anti-missionary church. 
He says, " If I became the pastor of a very 
narrow-minded and anti-missionary church, 
I am inclined to think that I would not ask 
for an offering for missions until the people 
proposed it. But they would have to take 
the facts or stay at home, or have a fare- 
well sermon." 

"Every step in the progress of missions 
is directly traceable to prayer. It has been 
the preparation for every new triumph and| 


The Missionary Visitor 


the secret of all success." Thus spake Dr. 
Arthur T. Pierson. And how true it is! 
At this time of missionary need, this period 
of missionary endeavor and this great pe- 
riod of missionary opportunity, are you, 
brother, reaching the Hindu and the China- 
man by way of the throne of God? 

We wonder how many of our people are 
following the program suggested in the 
weekly prayer hour that appears in each 
number of the Missionary Visitor. For the 
sake of denniteness in prayer, for the sake 
of reaching all the missionary activities of 
the Brotherhood, we suggest that you turn 
to that page of the Visitor each month, 
clip out the suggestions and place them in 
your Bible for handy reference. 

Sometime ago the statement was made 
that the United States and England could 
whip the world. Bishop McDowell replied 
that perhaps they could, but combined they 
could save the world. Seven-eighths of the 
missionaries who are at work today in non- 
Christian lands have been sent out by these 
two countries. Some years ago when the 
Student Volunteer Movement sent forth its 
plea for twenty thousand volunteers for the 
evangelization of the non-Christian world, 
the number was thought unreasonable. And 
yet two universities of England alone — 
Cambridge and Oxford — have given twenty- 
two thousand men to the Great War. 

Mr. James M. Speers, chairman of the 
Laymen's Missionary Movement, says that 
gifts for foreign missions by the people and 
churches of the United States and Canada 
have increased from $8,120,728 in 1905 to 
$18,793,000 in 1915. Further, he estimates 
that if professing Christians in America 
were giving one-tenth of their income they 
would give $2,000,000,000 more than they 
now place in the Lord's treasury. How 
much of that total would come from pock- 
ets of the members of the Church of the 

The children of the Pleasant Valley con- 
gregation, Canada, last year invested a sum 
of money for all mission purposes. 

Through their industry and thrift and finan- 
cial ability they made enough money to 
send our Board $60. This money has been 
applied to the support of a native worker 
in China. Thus these children are the 
means of preaching to many who know not 
the Master. The givers are blessed because 
of the splendid, practical manner in which 
they earned this money. 

A splendid mission study class of seven- 
teen members in the Huntington City 
church, Indiana, has just finished the ex- 
amination and received the certificates. 
Bro. H. S. Randolph is the teacher. Among 
those who took the examination are Miss 
Doris Burket and Walter I. Brumbaugh. 
These pupils are only eight years old, and 
so far as we know are the youngest to take 
the examination and secure the certificate. 
v ///// 

Among the many splendid gifts that have 
come to us recently for missions is one of 
$1,000 from Oklahoma for the India and 
China missions. The good brother who 
sent in this amount has been prospered by 
the Lord, and desires thus to show his part- 
nership with the Father. How the king- 
dom would grow if the multitudes of those 
in our church would thus substantially ac- 
knowledge their partnership! 

/w/ r 

Recently we received word of an Orien- 
tal person in one of our Eastern Districts 
who is going among the churches in the 
oft-repeated, oft-warned-against manner, 
giving lectures and receiving offerings. In- 
vestigation has proved that the larger num- 
ber of those who do this are gathering 
money for their own profit, regardless of 
the kind of credentials they may carry. 
Why our people will thus allow themselves 
to be " taken in " by such smooth foreign- 
ers, without anything but the most super- 
ficial examination and inquiry, when they 
would not think of granting the same cour- 
tesy to one of our own nationality but of 
another denomination, is an insoluble mys- 

An English writer, summing up the rea- 
son for the wonderful rally of millions of 
Englishmen to the flag for actual warfare, 
places it thus: " (1) A great cause; (2) a 
compelling appeal; (3) an example of sac- 


The Missionary Visitor 


rifice; (4) an unquenchable faith in the jus- 
tice of that for which we are contending." 
Did not Jesus Christ supply us with all this 
in His tremendous call for workers — a call 
sealed by His own life? 

The greatest prosperity that a man can 
have from God is the gift of a heart that 
loves to give. Under the Old Dispensation 
all giving is a voluntary thing. A man who 
had complied strictly with the terms of the 
law in giving his titles might be just as 
covetous as ever in regard to all the rest; 
but a man under grace has the covetousness 
itself broken up, and feels that all is the 
Lord's and only lent to himself for a little 
season to use for the Lord, to do good with 
as he has opportunity. — G. B. Cheever. 

China, because of its attacks upon for-] 
eigners during the Boxer outbreak in 1900, 
is paying to the Powers $682,000,000 in- 
demnity. To many this would seem a justi 
punishment. It is to the credit of America, 
however, that she remitted her claim ol 
$25,000,000 to China, and the income from] 
the amount is being used in sending young 
Chinese to this country to be educated. 
Already this splendid spirit of America is 
bearing fruitage. The ambassadors of 
China to the United States, to England and 
to Germany are young men, and graduates 
of American institutions. Mr. Koo, ambas- 
sador to our country, is only thirty-twoj 
years of age. Is it any wonder that when 
China changed her form of government shej 
should pattern it after that of her greatest 



A. J. Culler 

THERE is nothing that pleases people 
better than a passage of Scripture 
which seems to> favor a pet theory or 
bolster up some of their own peculiar re- 
ligious notions. Most of the peculiar isms 
of religion are in fact due to taking a pas- 
sage of Scripture, stuffing it full with one's 
particular notion, and proceeding to forget 
everything else in Holy Writ which would 
correct it and give it proper balance. 

There are two pernicious ways of distort- 
ing Scripture. The first is to take a verse 
out of its setting and connection. In that 
way you can prove almost anything from 
the Bible. Some one once said that the 
Bible commanded men to commit suicide, 
and proved it by the example of Judas; then 
saying that in a number of places it said, 
" Go and do thou likewise." This is tear- 
ing Scripture apart and putting it together 
again — in a different way. A second way is 
to take a verse which emphasizes one as- 
pect of a truth, forgetting all other passages 
which complement it. A good illustration 
of this is furnished by the Holiness people. 
They use 1 John 3: 9: "Whosoever is be- 
gotten of God doeth no sin." as an absolute 

and unqualified proof of the perfect holiness 
of the saints. But if they will turn to the] 
same epistle (1: 8) they will find the words,. 
" If we say we have no sin we deceive our- 
selves and the truth is not in us." The 
verses complement each other. 

One of the verses in the New Testament 
which seem to occupy a place almost of 
idolatry in some people's minds is 1 Tim. 
5: 8: " But if any provideth not for his own! 
and specially his own household, he hath 
denied the faith and is worse than an un- 
believer." This is a very comforting verse 
to the man who does not wish to give to 
missions when his heart and soul tell him 
he ought to. It seems to offer divine waH 
rant to amass several farms to give to his: 
children because he must provide for his; 
own. The healthy, s.trong and able chil- 
dren must be well provided for lest, after 
the father is gone, they may be unable to 
make a living. Since there is no possible 
way to tell how much they may need there 
is always the scriptural injunction (and we 
should obey the Bible) to try to pay for 
another farm so these strong and able chil- 
dren will not starve. They do this with 
great complacency, for, of course, " Charity 


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begins at home." Yes it does, but it is not 
supposed to stay there forever. 

This verse is mischievously misinterpret- 
ed and the meaning that Paul had in mind 
is entirely lost sight of. Let us look at 1 
Tim. 5 and see what the chapter means. 
You will notice that from verse 3 to verse 
16 Paul is writing about the "widows." 
The whole passage has to do with what 
was a serious question in the early church, 
that of widows. It was serious because 
of their social status and temptations. Paul 
here refers to four classes of widows. First, 
those who are "widows indeed" (vs. 3, 5). 
Second, the widows who had children and 
grandchildren to support them, referred to 
in vs. 4 and 8. Young widows who de- 
sire to remarry (v. 11). Fourth, those who 
are " enrolled as a widow " (v. 9) who were 
workers in the church. These four classes 
were recognized in the early church and 
were dealt with according to their situa- 
tion. The first, or " widows indeed," were 
poor and alone and were supported from 
the charity funds of the church. At one 
time the church at Rome alone supported 
1,500 widows and orphans. The young wid- 
ows desiring to remarry were not support- 
ed, and the workers known as "widows" 
were a regular class of a semi-official na- 
ture. The second class is the one here in 
question, those who had children, or grand- 
children, or near relatives to support them. 
The word "household" did not mean as we 
now mean, a man and his immediate family, 
but reached back to dependent ancestors 
and even uncles and aunts. The near rela- 
tives were members of the " household." 
This is identically what Paul means in verse 
8. He says that a man is responsible for 
supporting dependent mothers, grandmoth- 
ers, or others of the family that are depend- 
ent. A man who does not support the de- 
pendent ones of his family is worse than 
an unbeliever. In Paul's day this was a 
pressing question, because many were rush- 
ing into the church simply to take advan- 
tage of its charity and because widows were 
despised and often the family neglected 
them. This verse means that if there were 
an old sister living in the church, who had 
living children or grandchildren, they 
should support her and not put it upon the 

There is therefore this thing to notice 

carefully. Paul is not commending us here 
in the twentieth century to give farms to 
our children, lest they starve, but has just 
turned the thing about and says that chil- 
dren or near relatives should take care of 
needy or dependent parents, especially a 
helpless widow. The verse is perfectly clear 
if we take it in its setting. 

There is something peculiar in a man pin- 
ning so much faith on that verse and being 
so overanxious about his living, when 
Christ commends us to be not overanxious, 
to give freely and trust God, and when Paul 
himself was not storing away largely for 
his future. There is a peculiar inconsistency 
anyway in a Christian being overanxious 
about what he shall have to eat and to 
wear. People tell me that you can never 
know what will happen in old age, or what 
may come to your children, so they may 
need all you can possibly give them. No, 
of course you cannot. If you could tell you 
would not live by faith. But supposing the 
worst happens — and it very rarely does — 
and some calamity should sweep everything 
away, the little that we have added by deny- 
ing our gift to the Lord would be swept 
away with it. Big fortunes are more fre- 
quently swept away than little ones. It is 
often our brethren who have the most that 
are most worried about the future. If it 
does not come to the worst, then we cer- 
tainly have the feeling that we doubted the 
Lord and denied Him His share, and that 
even then He kept us from all need. To 
cheat the Lord will never save you or your 
family from a disaster, if it should come, 
and if it does not you will never need it, 
it can do you no good, but the Lord's work 
has been crippled. 

Are we not willing to live by faith? Does 
anyone suppose that a member of the 
Brethren church who has been a liberal giv- 
er would suffer if some overwhelming and 
unforeseen calamity should come to him? I 
do not believe in people robbing them- 
selves, but I do believe it is an insult to 
God to put before ourselves continually the 
bugaboo of need when we have all we can 
eat and wear and plenty to spare. Did the 
Lord really in making this world intend a 
parent to give each child a farm, the income 
from which would really support him with- 
out working the rest of his life? At least 
if you do so, don't go to this scripture for 


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heavenly justification for your action. 
Few phrases have done more mischief 
than " Charity begins at home." Of course 
it does, but when it palliates and condones 
lack of missionary interest it becomes a 
subtle curse to the soul. There are two 
things which determine a man's responsibil- 
ity to his neighbor — his nearness and his 
need. Most people think only of his near- 
ness. A man's responsibility is measured 
by concentric circles reaching out from 
himself. His first duty is to support his 
wife and children. His second is to support 
near relatives if they are in absolute need. 
The third circle is that of the needy in the 
church, neighborhood, or community. His 
next is the circle of home mission work. 
Then the circle widens and the whole world 
must be in his plan of giving and help. 
Most people will accept this part of it. But 
the other factor is the NEED. Other 
things being equal his greatest responsibil- 

ity is greatest where the need is greatest. 
If my child needs bread and a Polish child 
needs bread I have a right to give to my 
child first. It is not right to let mine starve 
to feed another. But I have no right to give 
my child a farm and let Polish children 
starve. I must first provide clothes for my 
wife before doing so for the Armenians, but 
I have no right to buy my wife luxuries 
and refuse to help the Armenians. I be- 
lieve in thrift and economy and a proper 
provision for one's old age, but I would that 
we could tear the web of selfishness and 
falsehood that has accumulated about this 
matter of giving to the Lord what belongs 
to Him. Christ had not where to lay His 
head, but gave all so that we might receive 
salvation. Are we going to be overanxious 
about ourselves, or will we lose ourselves 
in loyalty to that cause for which He gave 
His all? 


F. H. Crumpacker 

IN the beginning God created the hea- 
vens and the earth" (Gen. 1: 1). If 
He made them whose are they? Is it 
not fair to God to say they are His? 

" The earth is the Lord's, and the fullness 
thereof; the world, and they that dwell 
therein" (Psa. 24: 1). How much land has 
a man the right to say is HIS? Would it 
be better to say, " The Lord has entrusted 
me with so many acres, or farms, to use 
for Him?" "Hear . . . O Israel, ... I am 
thy God. . . . For every beast of the forest 
is mine, and the cattle upon a thousand 
hills " (Psa. 50: 7-10). 

With this scripture in our minds can we 
even claim anything for our own? I mean 
exclusively as our own? Few parents think 
of their children as belonging to the Lord. 
" No, no, they are mine," the mother says. 
The father says, " I have spent too much 
time on that boy for him now to throw 
away his life in Christian work. Let him 
get busy and make some money, make a 
mark in the world." 

" Or know ye not ... ye are not your 
own; for ye were bought with a price; glor- 

ify God therefore in your body " (1 Cor. 
6: 19, 20). 

This scripture seems not to apply to all. 
Most people think it was meant for the 
other fellow if it was meant for any one. 

Even our own life is not our own. Just 
at the time when we think that it is ours, 
from the outside comes a Power and snuffs 
out our life at His will. In the face of this, 
why are we not willing to put our lives at 
His disposal? Can I do this and make 
money? To be sure, if you take the Lord 
into account. I know a young man who 
seems to want to make money for the Lord. 
At least, that is his contention when asked 
to go into mission work. He is doing it 
by buying a farm every few years. His giv- 
ing is not much more today than it was 
when he had no farm. I wonder, and then 
I wonder again, if the money is made " for 
the Lord." 

'* Lay not up for yourselves treasures on 
the earth" (Matt. 6: 19, 20). 

How will we face the Lord with several 
farms, at the end of life? Does this scrip- 
ture mean what it says? In my case will 


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it apply? In one case a man is buying all 
the bank stock he can get; in another he 
acquires all the land he can get and keep 
out of danger. Then one purchases stock 
in an oil company. These, to me, are direct 
violations of the Lord's command. " Lay 
not up," etc. 

Is this position a safe place for a man 
to rest? I will make, and keep nothing 
beyond what I need to be an EFFICIENT 
servant of the Lord. The writer feels that 
the Christian can have no more than that 
and obey Jesus' " Lay not up for your- 

Efficiency is right. Every Christian 
should seek to be efficient. 

Livingstone said: "I will place no value 
on anything I have or may possess except 
in its relation to the kingdom of Christ." 

This seems to be about as Jesus said 
; (John 17: 10), "And all things that are 
Mine are thine, and thine are Mine." If we 
could really, for one year, live up to Philpp. 
2: 5, " Have this mind in you which was 
also in Christ," what would happen to the 
General Board's treasury and all of the 
other treasuries of the church? Instead of 
that, though, we have to face the proposi- 
tion of deficits and must meet up with 
people like the following: A certain brother, 
worth about $70,000, was being solicited for 
funds for college endowment. He said, 
" Yes, this is right, but the trouble is I have 
had this so long that I can't work myself 
up to the place where I can sign it away. 
I have an only son who, for his good, should 
not have much of this, but I just can't 
sign it away." He was plead with by the 
solicitor, and finally gave a check or note 
for a small amount and then before he 
could get ready to give any more to the 
church God called him. How will such a 
life meet the Lord and reply to " Lay not 
up for YOURSELVES on earth"? God 
help us to use our money and absolutely 
everything else as a trust from Thee. 

No man has begun to give to the Lord, as 
the writer views it, till he has paid his rent 
— the tithe. After we have paid to the Lord 
our tithe then we can begin to give as the 
Lord has prospered us, and not before. 
Brother, if you feel that the Lord has called 
you to business, then do business for Him. 
Establish a reasonable working capital and 
use that as an amount to make money for 

the Lord. After all of your living is taken 
out, then give the Lord the profits. That is 
making money for the Lord. 

Nothing short of that can be considered 
" in business for the Lord." Why pray, 
" Give us this day our daily bread," and 
every day of our life the Lord is giving us 
far more than that? One man cleared four 
thousand dollars in a year and kept on pray- 
ing the same prayer and keeping all that 
he made. Can you figure out how such 
could be done if the heart was tender before 
the Lord? How much better it would be 
for us to " lay up treasures in heaven." This 
we can do either by getting " in business 
for the Lord," teaching or preaching or do- 
ing anything else in any part of the world, 
just so we make sure it is all to the glory of 
God. I don't think there is any halfway 

Some want to excuse themselves by say- 
ing that they are doing it for the family. 
Just as soon as we do that we make class 
and eliminate the fact that we are one fam- 
ily, and God likes for the other fellow's 
children to be taken care of as well as our 
own. " Out of one blood created all nations 
of the earth." Peter says, " I perceive that 
God is no respecter of persons." If God 
is not why should we be? Can I "love my 
neighbor as myself" and get $10,000 ready 
for each of my children, and at the same 
time see the Lord's workers in want for 
funds to carry on God's work? Is it a fair 
deal to send our children through all of 
the schools in the country when God's 
educational institutions are suffering for 
funds that will make them efficient? In 
China, five per cent of the boys and men 
can read and write in their own language. 
The missionaries are pushing a big educa- 
tional campaign. Can I store up and use 
all of my time and means in educating my 
children when my neighbor's children are 
not able to read? Yes, I hear you say, 
" he that provideth not for his own house 
is worse than an infidel." What about 
" him that seeth his neighbor in need" — of 
an education — " and shutteth up his bowels 
of compassion"? Let us do as Jesus did 
(Philpp. 2: 7). "He emptied Himself" to 
serve. Can we do anything better than 
to serve? 

If a. man finds his pleasure in fuller barns 
and larger flocks he finds his counterpart in 


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the parable of the man who tore down his 
barns to build bigger. His soul was taken 
to destruction. 

If a man lives for himself and family he 
can find his counterpart in the parable of 
the rich man and Lazarus. Here they both 
died, and in hell the rich man, who had 
never seen want on the earth, and had never 
done anything to help those less fortunate 
than himself, lifted up his eyes and called 
for help* to get rid of his suffering. He was 
still selfish. He thought only of his own 
comforts. It did not matter how much 
trouble it was for Lazarus to leave all the 
beauties he enjoyed in heaven, if only HE 

could be made comfortable. There was a 
widening out, as far as his family, for he 
called to Abraham to make his brothers 
comfortable, even if he could do nothing 
for him. Here is the picture of the man 
who lives for himself and family. I am 
sure it is time for members of the Church 
of the Brethren to take in inward look. Are 
we living for Him? Do we seek first the 
kingdom and His righteousness? Again I 
say, we need, on the earth, only what it 
takes for us to be an efficient servant of the 

McPherson, Kans. 


Galen B. Royer 

WITHIN the last decade the growth 
in mission receipts to the General 
Mission Board has been encourag- 
ing. The amount from the individual 
congregations for the most part has en- 
larged and the number of congregations 
giving has grown. This, no doubt, is due 
in a large measure to proper teaching and 
better system in giving. An ever-increas- 
ing force of pastors is making the subject 
of proper giving important in their re- 
spective congregations. 

Other avenues, such as Christian educa- 
tion, district -missions, support of Old Peo- 
ple's and Orphans' Homes and the un- 
fortunate of the world's great disasters, have 
been helped in a most commendable man- 

However, there still is room for growth 
in proper giving, and it is this increase and 
how to attain thereto that is to be herein 
considered, for there is nothing more ap- 
parent than these facts: 

First. Our giving is far from adequate 
for our needs, not to speak of our oppor- 
tunities. The General Mission Board for 
several years has been curbing its ap- 
propriations seriously, simply because the 
funds were not available for doing what 
should be done. And this does not take in 
the fruitful fields beckoning the Board to 

Second. It is very evident — much as our 

giving has been increased within recent 
years — that it has not kept pace with the 1 
enhanced wealth of the membership. No 
doubt there are some who have added to 
their giving beyond the increase of their 
incomes, but for the most part the reverse* 
is true. This condition is due to a lack 
of system along with an understanding of 
what is one's full part in giving. 

Third. Many churches have adopted 
some systematic method and are doing 
wonders compared to former ways. This 
is good, but system does not necessarily 
assure that the gifts are up to the proper 
measure of the giver. It is said of one of 
the Wesleys that when he began preaching 
and received a stipend of 50 pounds he 
lived on 45 and gave 5 pounds to the f,ord. 
When his people increased his salary to 
75 pounds he still lived on 45 pounds and 
gave 30 pounds to the Lord. And though 
his salary finally reached some hundreds of 
pounds he kept his own share down to 45 
pounds and gave the balance to the Lord. 
This illustrates a principle of giving that 
is not only systematic but fully covers 
the ability to give. Some people give a 
tenth of their income to the Lord, and then 
do as they please with the other nine-tenths, j 
Wrong. Ten-tenths belong to the Lord, 
not less than one-tenth to be returned to 
the Lord and the remaining tenths to be 


The Missionary Visitor 


used for the Lord, also, in the owner's 

What then would be a good definition for 
I proper giving " ? There is a strong cry 
for system in giving. That is good. How- 
ever, system is but method; it does not 
take care of the amount. It does help to 
reach the proper amount, yet the man who 
gives ten cents per Sunday regularly is 
working on a system, but it is possible that 
that very person, in the light of his re- 
sources, should give a dollar per Sunday to 
reach the proper amount. 

Proper giving is firmly anchored to the 
eternal principle of right and should be 
tenaciously adhered to under all circum- 
stances. It is not a law, as such, that Chris- 
tians need. Law is irksome. But for a 
right principle men will die. However, 
what is sometimes designated as rigid law 
is but the expression of an unalterable and 
fixed principle of right which existed long 
before the law was uttered. 

It is in this light that we should look 
upon the principle of the tithe. So many 
people turn it aside by saying that we are 
away from the law and under the Gospel, 
but surely we are not away from the princi- 
ple of proper giving that underlies the 
tithe, and that is what should be considered 
by each and every Christian. If, as some 
say, the tithe belongs to the Law and not 
to the Gospel, then with equal propriety 
may it be said that the Lord's Day should 
not be observed as a day of rest, for it too 
has its roots in the Law in a similar man- 
ner. In fact, the tithe is to proper giving 
just what the day of restful worship — the 
Lord's Day — is to all the week — a standard 
by which we are to measure the proper use 
of all we have, both of means and time. 

The New Testament talks about " as the 
Lord prospers you." Very well. It will be 
difficult to render those words in proper 
terms of giving unless it means at least a 
tithe Or more of one's income for the Lord. 
There are reasons for this statement that 
are grounded deeply in the eternal right 
of things. 

1. The tithe was not observed by Jews 
alone in olden times. There is plenty of 
evidence to show that pagans in almost 
every part of the world practiced tithing. 
Why? Simply because it belongs to the 
eternal right and not to do so was wrong. 

And should not Christians in this better 
day do as well or better than pagans and 
Jews? Furthermore, the Jew was a poor 
man; he did not have a monetary basis as 
we have to declare his tithe. Yet no mat- 
ter how poor, a tenth of everything that 
came to him was returned to the Lord. 
Christians engaged in farming, and those 
who have not what may be termed a reg- 
ular income, often say they do not know 
how to tithe. Their problem is not great- 
er than was the Jews'. When once we ac- 
cept the underlying principle of tithing, as 
did the Jews, every one of us will find the 
way of giving a tithe or more. Our prob- 
lem is not one of method but of will. 

2. The tithe stands out today as the best 
method to avoid deception about the amount 
we give. For the most part all except 
tithers complain that there is " so much 
begging " ; " Can't go to meeting without 
being dunned," and such expressions. But 
if one has laid down a principle like the 
tithe he always has to give and gives cheer- 
fully. I recall a brother earning less than 
$20 per week, who, with his wife, was 
paying for their home. They observed the 
principle of tithing because they felt that 
it was right. After answering every worthy 
call the brother wanted to know where he 
could give $50 to some good cause. On 
the other hand, the one without system re- 
calls the few instances he gave and dotes 
on them, to his own hurt and refusal to 
give more. 

3. The tithe as a principle applied to the 
life will keep a man from growing miserly. 
Except our baser sensual nature there is 
nothing with which a Christian has to deal 
that is so dangerous as money. It is at 
the root of much evil. I knew a member 
of the church worth over $75,000 past eighty 
years old, who stinted himself and refused 
charities, because he was afraid he would 
die in the poorhouse. He did die in the 
poorhouse of a shriveled soul, who forgot 
his God in his greed for gain. There is no 
record to my knowledge of a man who 
gave at least a tenth or more of his in- 
come to the Lord, who died a miser. The 
misers are found among those who refuse 
to observe the eternal principle of the tithe. 
There is but one remedy — proper giving. 

4. The principle underlying tithing was 
fully recognized by Christ when He said to 


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the Jews, " You ought to give tithes and 
not leave the other undone.'" Types and 
shadows were fulfilled and done away with 
in Christ, but the principle underlying all 
moral law is continued under Christ. We 
have just as much right to disregard the 
principle of the Sabbath as we do the tithe. 
Last. If every member of the church 
would give according to the principle of 
tithing, or better, according to his pros- 
perity, it would adequately meet the needs 
of our foreign mission work, of our home 
church work, of our educational work, and 
care for all of our charities in a manner 
that would be well pleasing unto the Lord. 
What an expansion of Christ's kingdom 
would be seen if every Christian would 
adopt the principle of systematic and pro- 
portionate giving! Think of the onward 
leaps of the kingdom in non-Christian lands! 
Imagine the shout of joy and behold the 
workers in these lands praising God and 
doubling their efforts! What rejoicing 

there would be in the dark corners of our 
homeland, in the Sunday-school army, im 
the educational circles. 

Do not stop and reason, " Well, since all- 
do not tithe, therefore not I." The one 
mighty issue with you, reader, is to get downs 
on your knees before your God and witb 
Him agree that you are going to do your 
full part for the kingdom — not less than a 
tithe — that you will do this systematically, 
and that you will do this whether you meet 
prosperity or adversity. Great will be the 
results in your own life. You will do much 
more for the kingdom. Your life will be 
marked by a richer spiritual experience. The 
blessed results are so great and rich that 
no one really can afford to ignore this 
principle and go on living as he has done. 
Will you for your own sake, for the sake 
of the work of the kingdom, and for the 
sake of Christ, Who gave His all, lay hold 
on proper giving — an unspeakable gift in 
the real Christian life? 


Ross D. Murphy 

IT is no less important to provide a 
proper method for raising money in 
the church for self-support and benev- 
olences, than to provide a suitable place 
in which to worship. If it is right — and all 
of us believe it is — to provide Sunday- 
school facilities so that the Word of God 
may be taught with the most efficiency, it is 
equally right that a suitable method be pro- 
vided for the church members to carry out 
the gospel plan of giving. 

In 1 Cor. 16: 2 is found the twofold com- 
mandment covering the whole question of 
giving to the Lord. It is to be a weekly 
gift, and the amount is to be based upon 
one's prosperity. It is to be weekly, be- 
cause we attend church services weekly for 
the purpose of worshiping; and one of the 
ways by which we can most acceptably 
worship God is in and through our giving. 
It is to be upon the first day of the week, 
which is further proof that it shall be a part 
of the Sunday service. It is to be based up- 

on our prosperity, which makes it a matter 
altogether individual and personal. There 
is no force or coercion to be used. It is 
to be rested on the judgment of the in- 

Now comes the question, as* to what 
method the church shall install, so that the 
members can conveniently give upon the 
first day of the week and as the Lord pros- 
pered them, whether they are able even to 
attend the regular church service or de- 
tained at home on account of sickness or 
otherwise. The church is as responsible 
to provide a suitable method to carry out 
this scriptural injunction as she is to pro- 
vide a suitable house for Sunday worship. 

Of all the methods tried and not aban- 
doned, the Every Member Canvass, with its 
system of weekly envelopes and pledge 
cards, stands out above all others. We 
have no record where the plan was used 
and has been abandoned for another. First 
of all it is scriptural in every respect — 


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weekly, free, willingly, and according to 
prosperity. It is the plan that will eventu- 
ally be used by those churches that are 
growing to a sense of their responsibility 
in properly supporting the home church and 
foreign missions. 

How shall we go about to install the plan 
where it has never been used? It is as im- 
portant to start right as it is to lay the 
foundation of a church edifice right. The 
first thing is for the elder and officials to 
believe in the plan. Following this comes 
the creating of sentiment so that the church 
will give the plan a fair trial. This will re- 
quire more time than to write this short 
discussion. Then get your membership list 
ready. This is no small task, for in many 
congregations the records are very loosely 
kept, and scarcely any one, not even the 
officials, knows the number on the church 
roll. Then call together, preferably on 
Sunday afternoon, a group of representa- 
tive men and women, at least twice as 
many as one-tenth of the number of fam- 
ilies in the church, provide them with a 
carton of duplex envelopes for each individ- 
ual church member, rich or poor, old or 
young, give them the proper instructions, 
which consist of the ins and outs, ups and 
downs of the system and the making of the 
canvass, and send them out two and two. 
Start right by getting the right kind of 
envelopes and having the details of the sys- 
tem well in hand. And if this is done the 
results will be surprising. 

The advantages are many. Here is a 
chief one: Every member in the church will 
be given the opportunity to contribute, both 
to home and foreign work. And there is 
nothing that will keep the individual's in- 
terest so keen in the church's activities as 
contributing to the needs. Where a man's 
treasures are, there is his heart also. If he 
puts some of his money — however small or 
large the amount be, if it be according to 
his prosperity — into the church his heart 
will be there also. 

Of course there are those who will offer 
excuses when they are approached with the 
plan. They will even refuse to bring their 
gifts to the Lord in this scriptural way; 
rather will have their own way about it, 
which generally amounts to no way at all, 
or else borrow from the political world the 
taxing system which is the Caesar way. 

Here is what one of the members said in a 
recent canvass: "It is too much bother to 
go to the trouble of placing the money in 
an envelope every week. My plan is to 
pay in lump sum once a year and be done 
with it." If he uses the same plan in the- 
other activities of his life, he will say grace 
at the table in lump sum once a year, per- 
haps when his cellar is well filled, and then 
be done with it. Or he will eat his meals 
in lump sum once a year, and be done with 
it, and not be bothered with eating three 
times a day for three hundred and sixty-five 
days. But he will not be so foolish with his 
eating; then why should he be with the 
work of the Lord? 

Another says, " I will make no pledge. I 
will give what I feel like, weekly or other- 
wise, loose on the plate. No pledging for 
me." No man marries a wife without mak- 
ing a pledge. He makes a pledge when he 
rents a house or buys a farm. In about 
every daily transaction of business he pledg- 
es, but when he comes to the Lord he goes 
by feeling, which as a rule does not go very 
far. From a business standpoint, there is 
an advantage in the Every Member Canvass 
plan. Another says, " Father does the giv- 
ing for the whole family. It all comes out 
of the same pocket." But why should it all 
go into the same pocket? Is the wife a 
slave to her husband, washing and mend- 
ing, cooking and sweeping, and raising the 
family for food and raiment and shelter? 
Be square or get off the block with your 

Here my space is exhausted. Do you 
have any trouble with your church finances? 
Any trouble in raising a respectable offer- 
ing for the Conference? If you do, try the 
Bible way of taking care of your finances. 
It works like a charm. You can have some 
more information for the asking. 

I see no business in life but the work of 
Christ. — Henry Martyn. 

# J* "" ~ 

The world has many religions; it has but 
one Gospel. — George Owen. 


The Missionary Visitor 



John R. Pitzer 

OUR systematic giving or tithing in 
Oklahoma dates from our District 
Meeting following the Annual Meet- 
ing at St. Joseph, Mo., 1911, in which our 
dear brethren unanimously passed the de- 
cision that an effort should be made to get 
every member to give systematically. 

At this District Meeting we appointed a 
District missionary soliciting secretary. 
Each member of the Mission Board, includ- 
ing the field workers, covenanted to give at 
least a tenth of his income to the Lord's 
cause, and to do it systematically. 

If you take a look at our great field of 
more than 2,000,000 souls, gathered from 
every corner of the world, of whom, as 
statistics show, only about twenty per cent 
make any profession of Christianity, you 
may be ready to say it has not done much. 
True, we have not, compared with the great 
need, for Oklahoma is one of the world's 
great fields. 

The first canvass of the District on the 
introduction of systematic giving a little 
more than paid expenses, as an immediate 
result. But we talked over the work, and 
in many of our homes we found them will- 
ing and anxious for some system of giving. 
If they laid aside weekly, the question 
would invariably come up as to what por- 
tion this should be. We would go to the 
Bible to find an answer. We learned that 
the patriarchs tithed, the Jews tithed, and 
our convictions were that the Christian 
surely should do as much. We became con- 
vinced that, as in the case of the Sabbath, 
so the tithe was made for man and not man 
for the tithe. 

On our next annual canvass the fruits be- 
gan to show. One dear sister, who for 
years had been known for her liberal giv- 
ing, made this statement: "I never realized 
the happiness and blessedness there is in 
giving until I began to tithe. Now I know 
what Jesus meant when He said, 'It is 
more blessed to give than to receive.' " 

Now, in making the annual round in the 
interest of the home work, it is a great 
pleasure to meet these systematic givers. 
They are always glad for the opportunity 

of talking over the Lord's work and ways 
and places where they can so invest their 
tithe that it will bring in the greatest re- 
turn in souls. 

In canvassing one of the most liberal 
congregations in our District the second 
year of our work, we found two families 
and one individual tithing. When the col- 
lection, which I considered good, was 
counted we discovered that the few tithers 
had given more than two-thirds of the en- 
tire amount. And this has been repeated 
a number of times in our work. 

Our dear people are learning that if the 
world is ever to have the Gospel, each of 
us must have a part in carrying the Good 
News, and tithing is a Bible method by 
which all can equally work together in tak- 
ing the Gospel to all the world. 

The object of the chart found on next 
page is to get before us a picture of giving 
as it has been carried on by God's children 
in all ages. For convenience we have divid- 
ed it into three periods; namely, the patri- 
archal, from, Adam to Moses; Mosaic, from 
the call of Moses to Christ; Christian, from 
Christ to the present. 

A strong majority of Christians think 
that tithing originated with the Mosaic 
law. A glance at the chart will show that 
it did not, but that it is-many hundred years 
older than the law of Moses. 

The first mention of giving in the BOOK 
is Cain and Abel's offering: one rejected, 
the other accepted. It is hard to explain 
why Cain's was rejected, only on the 
ground that it was a stingy, miserly offer- 
ing, as we find that God received the fruit 
of the land the same as of the flock. 

Next is mentioned Noah's offering, which 
was very generous, considering the small 
number of animals he had on hand. 

Then come Abraham's altars, with his 
tithe. This seems to be just mentioned 
without any special reference to teaching. 
But it carries with it the conviction that 
there had been some teaching from God on 
tithing, or how explain why Abraham felt 
under obligation to offer the tithe to Mel- 
chizedek (Gen. 14: 20)? We find the same 


The Missionary Visitor 


CHg^_ STIAN i 

fi tf TITH g^ 


dea carried out in the descendants of Abra- 
ham. When Jacob wished to express his 
obligation to God and his appreciation for 
His blessings, he vowed the tithe of all, 
whatever should come unto him. This is 
sufficient to convince us that there was 
teaching on tithing that never was recorded. 

Then we find in history that the Egyp- 
tians, Babylonians, Canaanites, Arabians, 
Persians, and Greeks all tithed — many of 
them, too, before the law of Moses was 
written. The only way we account for this 
is that there was a universal God-given law 
of tithe, and when at the dispersion of Ba- 
bel the people were scattered, the law was 
carried with them wherever they went, and 
so was handed down from father to son. 
In this way it became a fixed law of every 

Under the Mosaic period we find Moses, 
as he gives to the children of Israel the law 
of God, incorporating in it, as a part, God's 
law on tithing, and directing the gathering 
and proper use of what was ofTered. Re- 
peatedly we find the good old prophets 
pleading with the people to pay their tithe. 

Under the Christian period we do not 
discover a great deal of specific teaching on 
tithing, but there is sufficient to warrant 
js in keeping it up. There is a reason why 
the sacred writers did not deem it neces- 
sary to teach more. And if those condi- 
tions prevailed today there would be no 
use of teaching on giving. 

They had a community of goods. Each 
gave all, and it was kept in one common 
treasury (Acts 4: 32). But listen to Jesus' 
teaching to the scribes and Pharisees: "You 
tithe mint, anise, and cummin, and have 
omitted the weightier matters. This you 
ought to have done and not leave the other 
undone." Then note what the apostle Paul 
has to say on the support of the ministry 
(1 Cor. 9: 13, 14). In like manner as the 
priests were supported, so should the min- 
istry be. 

Dr. Bingham, a noted historian, tells us 
that tithing was the practice of all Chris- 
tendom for at least one thousand years, and 
that in the history of nations some have 
been found who did not sacrifice, but none 
that did not tithe. During the dark ages, 
when Christianity was almost extinct, tith- 
ing was nearly lost, but if a canvass were 
made today, as some have tried to do, it 
would be found that a great many Chris- 
tians, including a large number of our own 
dear people, are holding to this God-given 
law. Not one has ever been found who, 
after trying it for any length of time, be- 
came dissatisfied with it. 

As an humble servant of God we ask you 
to try it for one year, and then write me 
if you do not find it much more blessed 
than spasmodic giving. 

Cordell, Okla. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Effie V. Long 

May | 


EARLY in January Brethren Stover 
and Blough went to Vali and or- 
dained Bro. Q. A. Holsopple to the 
full degree of the ministry. 

This is the touring season, and more of 
our missionaries have been tenting and 
camping, and making daily visits back and 
forth, than had been the case for some 
years. At Anklesvar Sisters Ziegler and 
Widdowson have been out since the begin- 
ning of the year, and report interesting, 
meetings with the women. Bro. Stover 
makes frequent trips into the district. Sis- 
ter Miller was tenting at Vyara the latter 
half of January; then went to Bulsar to take 
up Sister Shumaker's work, for a time, as 
Sister Shumaker is soon to sail for her 
much-needed furlough. 

Bro. Blough spent the greater part of the 
month touring with Bro. Holsopple in the 
Vali District. They report interesting 
meetings, and some baptisms. Also some 
have been baptized at Vyara. These two 
stations had a week of prayer and Bible 
study, in January, as special help and im- 
petus for the winter's campaign. The last 
week Anklesvar and Jalalpor have been 
having their week of prayer, and blessing is 
attending these meetings. 

Sister Powell has been in camp since the 
beginning of the year, and Bro. Kaylor's 
spent the last week out, visiting schools, 
etc. We are so glad Bro. Kaylor is about 
again since his attack of plague. One of the 
Vada teachers died last week. It is a loss 
to the mission when a helper isT taken, as 
we need them so much. 

" The subscriptions organized by the In- 
dia Sunday-school Union for the Belgian 
Children Relief Fund have, in the seventh j 
list, reached a total of Rs. 10,490 ($3,500)." 1 

Last week the Widows' Home was moved 
from Anklesvar to Bulsar. Sister Blough ; 
has charge of it. 

Sister Anna Eby is in camp in Dahanu 
District. Bro. Lichty is busy with building 
operations. A bungalow, and a dispensary 
for Dr. Nickey's work, are to go up this 

Our new missionaries are all busy with 
language study. Those in Gujarat are at 
their stations, while those studying Marathi 
are at Poona and will soon go on to Ma- 
hableshwer for the hot season's study, in 
the language school. 

Bro. Pittenger has been looking after his 
schools and trying to get some building 
work started, in spite of an occasional in- 
disposition. He has a heavy burden for one 
man, and we are hoping he may have help 

" The Women's Christian College in Ma- 
dras, India, has adopted as its badge a 
lighted household lamp of Indian design. 
The college motto, ' Lighted to Lighten,' 
sums up the ideal of service constantly kept 
before the students. The college colors are 
green, brown and gold. Green and brown 
symbolize the land of India, with its lux- 
uriant fields of rice and wheat. The gold 
is for the pure radiance of the flame in .the 
lamp — the college emblem." 


Emma Horning 

Liao Chou 

FEBRUARY 2 Dr. Brubaker was taken 
down with a severe attack of appen- 
dicitis. Dr. Wampler of Ping Ting 
and Dr. Hemingway of Taiku (a mission 
ninety miles west) were sent for at once. 

They staid by his bed for a week, not know- 
ing what the outcome would be. But the 
Lord has heard our prayers and he is stead- 
ily improving. Plans are being made for 
him to go to Peking in April to have an 


The Missionary Visitor 


On the 6th, 7th, and 8th was the Feast of 
Lanterns — a great holiday. The streets are 
decorated with thousands of pennants and 
beautiful lanterns. Hundreds of open coal- 
burners, filled with glowing coals, warm 
and heat the whole street. It is indeed at- 
tractive and the most of the city turns out 
to see it. 

To give our Christians something more 
instructive than these idolatrous festivities 
we had services at the chapel for them. We 
provided music on the victrola, organ and 
mouth-harp; also singing by the school- 
boys. One night we showed them pic- 
tures of the life of Christ by the reflect- 
orscope. Between times we gave them 
short talks, comparing the joys of the 
Christian life to that of idolatry. 

We are very glad to have our little school 
for our foreign children. Sister Shock is 
doing excellent work and the children are 
making remarkable progress in their studies. 
We are so thankful for the privilege of 
starting such a school. 

Bro. FloTy has started a class in doctrines 
of the New Testament for the native Breth- 
ren teachers of Liao. They meet each Sat- 
urday evening. The purpose is to give 
them training so they will be able to teach 
their people more effectively. They are 
starting out with good interest. Pray that 
it may continue thus. 

Nine new girls have been added to the 
girls' school, but no woman teacher has 
yet been found to fill the place of the one 
who went home. Sister Hutchison will 
take charge of the work while Sister Cripe 
is home on furlough. 

Ping Ting Hsien 

The first week of this month was the 
Week of Evangelism " for China. Our 
Christians gathered in prayer meetings each 
day, then divided into groups and went to 
various parts of the city and many villages, 
preaching the Word. The women visited 
some fifty homes. As a direct result of the 
week's work some twenty were enrolled as 
inquirers. & 

Bro. Rung, one of our Christian workers, 
has just been married to one of our oldest 

schoolgirls. It was the first wedding held 
in the new church and was witnessed by a 
large crowd. Bro. Vaniman married them, 
but Mr. Li, of the boys' school, had charge 
of ceremonies. The mixture of Chinese 
and American customs was quite interest- 
ing to us. The bride was very unhappy be- 
fore the wedding, for she had never spoken 
to her intended, as is their custom, and had 
seen him only several times at a distance, 
therefore she knew not her fate. But sev- 
eral days in his home has removed all fear, 
and now she is back in school, happy, in- 

Some six hundred men crowded the 
church the other evening when we showed 
them views of the life of Christ through 
the reflectorscope. Another evening over 
one hundred and thirty women and children 
enjoyed the same privilege. 

This month Sister Blough visited five vil- 
lages around the city and then spent a week 
at Leping, teaching in fifteen homes in the 
city and visiting seven villages around that 
city. Many of the women in the homes of 
the Christians are becoming quite interest- 
ed and a few are learning to read. 


Feb. 12 all the schools opened for the new 
year. A new primary school has just been 
opened in this city, enrolling twenty pupils. 
The new school at Luanlu has fourteen pu- 
pils. A new teacher has been hired for the 
girls' school. He is a first-degree man, 
which adds prestige to the school. He is a 
good Christian man and we hope will be 
of much benefit to the school. Bro. Vani- 
man accompanied two of the graduates of 
this year to Taiku, where they will continue 
their education in the mission school. 

Doctor and Sister Wampler spent sev- 
eral days in business at Peking. While 
there they visited our missionaries in lan- 
guage school. They are well and studying 
hard at the language. On the way back 
they visited friends at Paotingfu. 

Sister Metzger and Sister Cripe start 
home on furlough next month. They have 
engaged passage on the " Empress of Asia," 
which leaves Shanghai April 14 and arrives 
at Vancouver April 30. 


This well is over three hundred feet deep. There 
is a grooved wheel at the mouth of the well, over 
which passes a leather rope. One end of this rope 
is fastened to a leather bag, which is lowered into 
the well. The other end is dragged away from the 
well by two oxen. The oxen are outside the picture, 
but you can see how the rope runs. The women 
have come to fill their earthen vessels with water and 
will pay a pice {]/ 2 cent) for a pot full. 

A Drink 

WrHEN you are thirsty, yo 
glass under it, and a mo 
refreshing it is! It com 
But suppose you lived in India 
there is so little rain in some pa 
test months, people often pay 1 
those who live in villages som 

The lack of rain makes foo< 
ers, but they have never been t 
every bit of moisture in the grot 
crops fail and their herds die. 

A few years ago, a mission 
way in which he could help the 
crops. He came home to Am 
back to Ewing Christian Coll* 
missionary work as superintend 
men how to make their farms i 

Mr. Higginbottom has sen 
drink of water in India. 


Jif J 

These women and girls are returning from 
the well with jars of water on their heads, 
for women in India, like those in many other 
countries, seldom use their hands for car- 
rying things. 




The picture at the 
center of the group is of 
a tower from which 
thirty thousand people 
get all their water. Even 
then there is enough left 
to irrigate the flower 
gardens and fruit trees 
of the maharajah's palace, for the well is 
four hundred feet into the ground. The 
is pumped from this tower. The mahs 
who built the tower also built a wat< 
trough near by, and the palace elephai 
the picture above are coming to drink 
it. The other two pictures in the group 
how bullocks and camels carry the wai 
distant parts of the city. 

A water-carrier is such a welcome 
name, bihishti, means " belonging to Par| 
keeps great earthen jars full of water i 
ly hot, a piece of matting is hung in the 
it with water, in order to cool the air 
nearly always carries the water in a larj 
of these pictures. The bag is made fror 
a hole left at the neck of the skin. In s 
who walks along with his great bag sir 
out of the hole onto the ground. — Ever 

flllinillllllllllUI l!ll»l!!l!ll!VIII|[lllljllllllllllllilll«lll!«ll!l[lllll»lll«ll!ll!lll«lllll!lll 

* in India 

else turn a faucet and hold a 
inking clear, cool water. How 
really think very little about it. 
hink a great deal about it, for 
:r is very precious. In the hot- 
dollar a camel load for it, and 

four miles for a single jar of 

:>f the people in India are farm- 
te their fields so as to store up 
s a particularly dry season, their 

Higginbottom, decided that the 
show them how to raise better 
irse in farming, and then went 
lia, where he is continuing his 
re. He is teaching many Indian 
i dryest weather, 
tures, showing how one gets a 

ms of India that even his 
i has its own bihishti, who 
me. When it is unusual- 
ily water-carrier sprinkles 

the house. The bihishti 
se that you see in several 
goat, and is filled through 

sprinkled by the bihishti, 
and lets the water splash 

These men are loading great cans of water onto a 
passenger train to be carried to villages where the 
wells have all dried up. If you lived in one of the 
desert towns, you would watch eagerly for a train 
like this, especially when the temperature was at 126° 
in the shade, as it sometimes is in southern India. 

This boy is carry- 
ing water in a leath- 
er bag. His great- 
great - grandfather 
was probably a wa- 
ter-carrier, too, for a 
boy in India almost 
always follows his 
father's profession. 
In fact he is obliged 
to choose his trade 
out of a group tc 
which the trade of 
his father belongs. 

This mild-looking 
bullock is loaded 
with a leather bag 
of water for his 
master, who, you 
see, is carrying a 
smaller bag of the 
precious liquid him- 

Note — The article nnd pictures on these two pages are a reprint 
from Everyland, a splendid monthly missionary magazine for boys 
and girls, printed by the Missionary Education Movement, 156 5th 
Avenue, New York City. Subscription price, $1 per year. Used by 
their kind permission for Our Little Missionary pages. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Jennie N. Standifer 

A GREAT convention was being held 
in our thriving young city, and my 
house was filled with delegates. 
Among them was an old man with snow- 
white hair and kindly blue eyes, who had 
recently moved to our State from Texas. 
He was fond of children, and loved to lin- 
ger at the table and chat with them and the 
hostess after other guests had left the 

" It was a fine sermon on missions," he 
said one evening after the other preachers 
had gone to the sitting room. 

"Yes," I replied, " it was a splendid ser- 
mon, and I was especially impressed by the 
prayer for more men and women to be 
called to foreign fields." 

"Yes; they were very earnest prayers," 
the old man admitted. " So earnest that 1 
wondered if the petitioners really wanted 
them answered." 

" Of course they did," I replied warmly. 
" We want all true prayers answered." 

" Provided they are answered in our own 
way, my sister. Ever hear of Jim Tatum' s 
prayer and its answer? But, of course not, 
as you never lived in the Texas Panhandle 
where Jim was born and brought up. I will 
tell you about it. 

" When I first became pastor of the 

church in M , James Tatum was pointed 

out as the leading lawyer of that growing 
young city, and the future governor of the 
State, or United States Senator, or any- 
thing else in the political line that he chose 
to be. He was a big, handsome, manly fel- 
low, bold as a lion in the downing of vice, 
and as true as steel to the cause he be- 
lieved right. He was one of the pillars of 
the church of which I was pastor. He made 
money hand over fist, and gave' liberally to 
every worthy cause — especially to missions. 

" It wasn't long until Jim began to come 
around to see my daughter, Mattie, of 
evenings. I didn't put in any objections, 
for a clean-lifed, energetic, prosperous 
young man couldn't reasonably be objected 
to as a son-in-law. Some time that sum- 
mer Jim came to me and asked my consent 
to marry Mattie, as straightforward as any- 

body could wish. I told him it would be all 
right when Mattie finished college. She 
was nearly twenty, but had to stop school a 
year before she was to graduate because her 
eyes failed after having measles. Jim was 
only twenty-four and 1 told him it wouldn't 
be any disadvantage for him to wait a year. 
I couldn't bear to have my girl start out 
in life half equipped. As she was to be the 
wife of a public man, an education was very 
necessary. Jim agreed to my wishes, and in 
September she entered one of our best de- 
nominational schools. 

" Through that session, when Mattie's re- 
ports came, it would be hard to say who 
was the prouder of them — Jim or I. They 
were always tip-top from start to finish, 
with a note from the president of the school 
saying he never had a better or more faith- 
ful student. 

" Sometime in the spring, a few months 
before Mattie was to get her diploma and 
come home, we had our annual protracted 
meeting. It lasted for weeks and the church 
got warmed up through and through. After 
the evangelist had gone there wasn't any 
trouble about getting the members out to 
prayer meeting, or to get the laymen to 
lead. Jim Tatum fairly spread himself in 
getting the young men of the town to take 
an active part in church work. He seemed 
especially interested in a young Dr. Ham- 
mond, who had been led to the Lord 
through Jim's influence. He came to me one 
day soon after the meeting closed and said 
that he was praying for John Hammond to 
be called as a medical missionary to China, 
and he asked me to join in the petition. 

" ' John Hammond is one of the best men 
I know and splendidly fitted for the work,' 
he said. ' We will ask the Lord to call our 
brightest and best as a foreign missionary.' 

" That seemed to me like a mighty fine 
prayer — an unselfish, generous prayer — and 
I agreed to join in it. 

" On Wednesday evening Jim conducted 
the prayer service. I will never forget his 
talk. It was the most convincing argument 
for Christians to yield to the promptings 
of the Spirit to work in foreign lands that I 


The Missionary Visitor 


ever heard. He closed with a prayer that 
went to my very soul, it was such an ear- 
nest plea for God to call the brightest and 
best of that church to go to China. When 
he asked me to lead in the closing prayer 
I came out boldly and plead with the Master 
to make the call. I almost expected John 
Hammond to rise and say he was ready to 
go at once, but he kept his seat. 

" As we were leaving the church Jim 
slipped his arm through mine, and re- 
marked confidently: 

" ' I feel in my heart that our prayer is 
answered, although John made no move to 
assure us of his willingness to go: This 
church will have something to be proud of 
when we send such a brilliant young phy- 
sician as a missionary.' 

" ' Yes,' I agreed, ' it will be a great work 
to send him. I trust that he will not be 
so foolish as to resist the call.' 

" On Friday morning Jim and I were in 
the postoffice and both received letters from 
Mattie. I opened mine and read the first 
page. I staggered against the wall for a 
support. The letter read: 

" ' Last evening, during a girls' prayer 
meeting, I became powerfully impressed 
with the conviction that God wanted me to 
work for Him in foreign fields. After pray- 
ing all night for guidance, I am fully con- 
vinced that this is my life-work, and I joy- 
fully give myself to China.' 

" I looked at Jim, who was standing near. 
The hand that held Mattie's letter was trem- 
bling, and his face was as white as a sheet. 

" 'I can't give her up — I cannot!' I 

" ' I can't give her up,' he repeated, 
hoarsely. ' She is making a mistake and we 
must convince her of it.' 

" Suddenly it flashed upon me that Mattie, 
and not John Hammond, was ' our brightest 
and best,' and the Lord had answered our 
prayers. But to give up Mattie — the light 
of our home — to spend her life among the 
heathen on the other side of the world — I 
could not — I could not! 

" I wrote her how I felt, and urged her for 
her mother's sake to give up the idea of 
such , a sacrifice. I honestly believed it 
would kill my wife to give up Mattie. I 
wrote my daughter to that effect and also 
added that her decision would ruin Jim Ta- 

tum's career as a useful citizen, and he was 
one of the finest young men in the State. 

"My girl's reply was: 'I don't dare re- 
fuse to answer this call, father. The Mas- 
ter never makes mistakes when He chooses 
His workers.' 

" I will always be ashamed of the rebellion 
in my heart during the next few weeks. I 
never mentioned Mattie's letter to my wife, 
and made some trivial excuse when she 
worried at our daughter's seeming negli- 
gence. I avoided Jim Tatum as though he 
had been a leper. I felt that he was partly 
to blame for Mattie's call to be a foreign 
missionary, and almost hated him. 

" When Mattie wrote that she was mak- 
ing arrangements for some special training 
for her work during the summer, I gave up 
all hope. I was a preacher of the Gospel 
and I had just had a direct answer to 
prayer, but I acted more like a hardened 
sinner than a Christian. 

" The Sunday before Mattie was to come 
home on a visit before taking that train- 
ing course, Jim rose at the close of my ser- 
mon and asked for the privilege of saying 
a few words. I expected he was going to 
ask for his church letter and say he was go- 
ing to leave the town, but he didn't. He be- 
gan his talk by saying he wanted to make 
a Confession. Then he told how, when a 
young boy, he had felt the call to go as a 
missionary to foreign fields, and he had 
fought it. The call had come again and 
again, only to be downed. He had studied 
law and planned to serve his God and coun- 
try as an upright, Christian lawyer. In an- 
swer to his prayer for the Lord to call the 

brightest and best member of the M 

church to foreign mission work, the woman 
he loved and was to marry had been chosen, 
and she had at once responded to the call. 
She was not only willing, but anxious to 
go wherever called. 

" ' God forgiving and helping me,' he 
added, ' I will respond to the call of my 
boyhood and give my life to China!' 

" The brethren and sisters were gathered 
around Jim, giving him the warm hand- 
shake of approval, and I bent my head and 
closed my eyes to keep from seeing the look 
of horror in my wife's eyes. Presently I 
heard her say: 

" ' I have been praying for years that God 


The Missionary Visitor 


would call one of my children to serve Him 
as a missionary, Jim. I rejoice that you are 
to be with our girl, my boy. The two 
brightest and best of our church have been 
called in answer to prayer.' 

" Then and there I surrendered my will 
wholly to the Lord, and have been giving 
praise for fifteen years that Jim and Mat- 
tie are doing good service where they were 

"What became of John Hammond? Ah! 
that was another answer to Jim's prayer. 
John went as a medical missionary to Japan 

ten years ago. Not what Jim asked for, 
quite, but the Lord knew best where to send 
him. I've been puzzled sometimes to de- 
cide which of those three was the bright- 
est and best, but as they are all doing the 
Lord's work I don't suppose it matters." 

" I should say it was your Mattie who 
was the brightest and best," I replied. " She 
was willing and glad to go when her call 
came, and the others — " But a call for the 
old preacher to join the company going to 
church prevented further discussion of the 
question. — Home and Foreign Fields. 


J. F. Graybill 

THE Church City Mission is one of 
the latest organizations in the State 
Church. Its method of work is less 
formal than any work yet inaugurated in 
the State Church. As we see the matter 
there are at least two conditions that have 
prompted this organization. In the first 
place the younger element of the priest- 
hood have the welfare of the young at 
heart and realize the need of improving 
social conditions. In the second place the 
State Church realizes that, if they will not 
concern themselves about the social wel- 
fare of the young, the Free Missions will 
take the initiative in this line of work and 
thereby win the young to their faith. The 
latter has of late years caused the State 
Church to organize Sunday-schools and 
young people's societies in the cities. 

The Church City Mission has been in 
operation in Stockholm for some years. 
Goteborg has its Church City Mission. 
Copenhagen, Malmo's neighboring city in 
Denmark, has its " Church Army of the 
Cross," which is patterned after England's 
" Church Army." Malmo, the third city of 
Sweden, has grown to be quite a city, with 
all the vices peculiar to other cities. There 
is a great need of social reform and im- 
proved social conditions. No one is better 
qualified for this task, from a financial point 
of view, than the State Church, if only they 
have a mind to do it. 

The method of work is mostly evangel- 
istic. This is accomplished by getting away 

from the altar ceremonies and set form of 
worship to preaching in smaller and less 
decorated temples. Like the Jews of old, 
who, when in Babylonian captivity, learned 
that God can be worshiped, not only in 
their temple in Jerusalem, but in syna- 
gogues and simpler places of worship, the 
younger element of priests are learning that 
God is no Respecter of place or person. 
The last two summers a number of the 
Malmo priests have been preaching to large 
gatherings on the commons in the outskirts 
of the city. I have heard some who attend- 
ed these meetings, say, " They preach like 
other preachers." They meant to say that 
they do not read their sermons, as the old- 
guard priests do. They are freer and not 
bound to a certain form. The older priests 
are not at all in favor of this kind of work, 
and we are not sure that the majority of 
the church people are in favor of it, but the 
poorer class realize that they are receiving 
a little more attention than formerly. A 
few weeks ago> the younger priests organ- 
ized for this kind of mission work. Dur- 
ing the summer there will be open-air and 
street preaching. An Employment Bureau 
will also be established. This is the begin- 
ning of one of the best, if not the best, 
works of the State Church in this city. The 
future will reveal its success. 

What we see in this is a breaking away 
from the orthodoxy of Lutheranism. When 
we add this to the dissatisfaction of the 
younger priests concerning the confirmation 


The Missionary Visitor 


pledge and compulsory communion of those 
confirmed, one is made to realize that Lu- 
theranism is losing its grip on the people of 
Sweden, which would prove a great bless- 
ing to this country. There is no little dis- 
satisfaction concerning the alliance of 
church and state. When this alliance be- 
comes a thing of the past, the greatest hin- 
drance of other faiths than Lutheranism 
will be removed. When religion becomes 

Elgin S. Moyer 

Was not Christ the greatest, most sac- 
rificing and an exemplary Missionary? 

Should we not be as near like Christ as 
a Missionary as possible? 

If Christ was a Missionary to the whole 
world, can we not be missionaries to some 
part of the world? 

Is leaving home and home friends and 
homeland as great a parting as leaving 
heaven and its glory would be? 

Paul's crossing the iEgean changed the 
future of Europe. Our forefathers coming 
to America made America a Christian na- 
tion. What can and should we do for India, 
China, Africa, and the islands of the sea? 

If Christianity has saved us from savage- 
ry, heathenism, slavery and ignorance, what 
will it do for the heathen nations of today, 
if we are faithful in disseminating this 
new life? 

Are the heathen better off in sin and 
shame without the Light, or will they be 
better off if raised to a higher standard 
through the Light? Will you be a beacon 
light radiating from this greater Light? 

Was Christ's atoning blood just as ef- 
fective and as much intended for the yel- 
low or the black man as for the fair- 
skinned? Is your service too valuable and 
good to be given for the man for whom 
Christ even died and for whom He is now 

If Christ is so tremendously and vitally 
concerned in the lost why should not we 
be? Are we not Christians, Christ's follow- 
ers, His prophets, priests and kings? How, 
then, can we do otherwise than be true 
tp Him, and do as He asks us? Let us be 
true to our name and true to our Master. 

Fong Tsuen, Canton, China. 

a matter of conscience instead of compul- 
sion things will be moving in the right di- 
rection. Then the quality of the doctrine 
presented will be the best advertisement. 
Then there will be more seeking after the 
best and that which conforms most to the 
teaching of Christ and the apostles. May 
this day speedily come! 

Malmo, Sweden. 

FULL OF SAP."— Psa. 104: 16 

Jas. A. Sell 

In loving remembrance of Elder J. G. Royer, 
who departed this life Jan. 25, 1917. Dedicated 
to his beloved wife and children, i 

" The righteous shall flourish like the palm 
tree: he shall grow like a cedar in Lebanon. 
Those that be planted in the house of the Lord 
shall flourish in the courts of our God. They 
shall still bring forth fruit in old age " (Psa. 
92: 12, 14). 

The righteous flourish like the palm, 

That grows in desert sand; 
They are rooted deeply in the truth, 

Firm as the hills to stand. 
They flourish in the courts of God, 

And bring forth fruit in age; 
Their lives are like the evergreen, 

Defying storms that rage. 

They grow like cedars on the mount — 

In stately grandeur rise; 
Their height and beauty, seen afar, 

Entice our wondering eyes. 
And in the temple of our God 

They are the beams of strength; 
They have devoted to the Lord 

Their life in all its length. 

Their life grew richer in good fruit, 

As they have walked with God. 
They lived with Christ, their Savior dear, 

And in His footsteps trod. 
Their faith and zeal and steadfast trust 

Brought comfort to their soul, 
And thus they passed the gates of death 

That opens to the goal. 

And now they're planted in the house 

Of their dear Lord above, 
And reap the full fruition there 

Of His redeeming love. 
The Lord is righteous in His plans, 

To bring His dear ones home, 
Where they shall flourish in His courts 

And never from Him roam. 

Hollidaysburg, Pa. 


The Missionary Visitor 



C R. Oellig 

YEARS ago Antietam congregation 
had but two meetinghouses, located at 
opposite ends of the congregation, 
with regular preaching services at each twice 
a month. Within the recollection of a broth- 
er now living in Waynesboro he and five or 
six others were the number of Brethren 
members in the town. 

In the course of years conditions changed. 
The membership of Waynesboro grew; a 
church was bought from another congrega- 
tion, and after a time a Sunday-school was 
organized in Waynesboro, with preaching 
each Sunday evening and biweekly services 
in the morning. 

By and by a sentiment began to prevail 
to have preaching each Sunday morning. 
This was successfully opposed for a time, on 
the ground that services in town and at 
" Price's," just north of town, at the same 
hour,, would result in killing the latter ap- 
pointment. Finally the membership in 
town carried their point to have preaching 
every Sunday morning. A falling off in at- 
tendance at Price's resulted, and prophecy 
seemed to be reaching fulfillment, as in- 
terest and attendance dwindled at Price's 
church. An average attendance of some 
twenty to twenty-five was all that was ex- 
pected, and occasionally on " bad " days the 
janitor and the preacher constituted the en- 
tire congregation. Here a very large, sub- 
stantial brick church with spacious base- 
ment was brought reasonably into use only 
once a year, at the time of love feast. 

Well, what could be done? There were 
plenty of people in the neighborhood if they 
could be induced to become church-goers. 
A Sunday-school was suggested (one in the 
past had been a failure), but there was faith 
enough on the part of some to make an- 
other and greater effort, this time with more 
gratifying results. A Sunday-school was 
organized, with an enrollment of about for- 
ty. Following the organization some 
special services in connection with the love 
feast awakened considerable interest in the 
neighborhood and the Sunday-school gave 
marked evidence of success. 

Since then three series of meetings have 

been held. About fifty have been added to 
the church and the Sunday-school has an 
enrollment of about one hundred and four- 
teen. The membership is a harmonious and 
enthusiastic band of workers, with a good 
percentage of the young people of the com- 
munity members of the church and Sunday- 
school, which promises well for the con- 
tinued success of the revival of interest at 
Price's church. 


William Merrell Vories 

(The people of the United States, in 1907, spent 
$60,000,000 for lace; they contributed, through 
all denominations, less than $7,000,000 to mis- 

Eleven cents for missions and a dollar bill 

for lace 
Is an index of proportion; shows our zeal 

to save the race I 

Said the Lord to His disciples: "Bring an 

offering today 
For the famine-stricken peoples who are 

suffering far away." 
And His sleek, well-fed disciples, looking 

up into His face, 
Made reply: "We'd like to do it, but we've 

spent so much for lace!" 
Said the Lord: "Seek first My kingdom 

to establish among men; 
Teach the dead in sin and evil they may 

rise through Me again." 
So they gave their extra coppers, and they 

sent a man of grace 
To conduct a penny mission — but the dol- 
lars went for lace. 
Said the Lord: "A tiny army mighty things 

for God hath done; 
But He calls for tenfold measures that the 

billions may be won." 
But they answered: "Lord, have patience; 

we can't hope to win the race; 
Leave some work for our descendants; 

leave us something for our lace." 
Said the Lord at last, in sorrow; "Sleep 

ye on, O faithless race; 
Take your ease among your rose-paths, 

with your blood-bought bolts of lace!" 


The Missionary Visitor 


But His people made remonstrance: "Lord, 

with us take not offense; 
We have not forgot Thy Kingdom — lo, we 

give eleven cents! " 

Thus eleven cents for missions and a dol- 
lar bill for lace 
Is our index of proportion; shows our zeal 
to save the race! — Ex. 
Hachiman, Omi, Japan. 


O weary soul, 
By trouble long distressed, 
Thy Father hears thy cry. 
He'll give the promised rest. 
By faith hold on 
And know whate'er betide, 

Your answer, though delayed, 
Is not denied. 

O troubled heart, 
Thy Father knoweth best. 
Thy present trial of faith 
Shall to thy good be blest. 
Thy humble prayer is heard, 
So never turn aside; 
Though answer is delayed, 

'Tis not denied. 

O waiting one, 
Though day to night be turned, 
Thy answer thou shalt have; 
Though sad the lesson learned, 
His will is wrought in you. 
Then in His Word confide. 
Should answer be delayed, 
'Tis not denied. 
— R. H. Washburne, LL. 

Mission Study Class, Roaring: Spring:, Pa. 

Left to right: Eld. A. G. Crosswhite (teacher), Miss Minnie Furry, Prof. A. B. 
Replogle, Mrs. Elizabeth Barnett, Mrs. M. W. Sell, M. W. Sell, Miss Ina Crosswhite, D. 
Grover Replogle, Miss Hattie Barnett, Lester Showalter. 

This class began the study of "CHRISTIAN HEROISM IN HEATHEN LANDS "last 
spring, meeting alternately in the homes of class members, one exception being a meet- 
ing with the Sisters' Aid Society in their room at the church, which was mutually en- 
joyable. The class closed its work as it began — with nine members. Each made a grade 
of 100% on examination. Appropriate commencement exercises were held. Each gradu- 
ate either had an essay or address of five minutes' length, chiefly character traits of 
favorites whose lives they had been studying. The seal course will be continued. 


The Missionary Visitor 



"The church has two great duties; one 
is to evangelize the Oriental nations; the 
other is to Christianize the relations sus- 
tained to these nations by the nations which 
are called Christian. These two duties are 

When Gouverneur Morris was going to 
Europe, George Washington asked him to 
buy him in Paris " a flat, gold watch; not 
the watch of a fool or of a man desirous 
to make a show, but of which the interior 
construction shall be extremely well cared 
for, and the exterior very simple." Quite 
an apt description of manliness and woman- 
liness! "The interior well cared for, and 
the exterior very simple. "• — Record of 
Christian Work. 


It is something to be a missionary. The 
morning stars sang together, and all of the 
sons of God shouted for joy when they saw 
the field which the first missionary was to 
fill. The great and terrible God, before 
whom angels veil their faces, had an only 
Son, and He was sent to earth as a Mis- 
sionary-Physician. It is something to be a 
follower, however feeble, in the wake of the 
great Teacher and only model Missionary 
that ever appeared among men. And now 
that He is the Head over all things, King 
of kings and Lord of lords, what commission 
is equal to that which the missionary holds 
from Him? May I venture to invite young 
men of education, when laying down the 
plan of their lives, to take a glance at that 
of a missionary? — David Livingstone. 

A quaint man used to carry a little book, 
which he called his " biography." It had 
only three leaves, and there was not a word 
written on any of them. The first leaf was 
black — that was his sin; that was his con- 
dition by nature. The second was red — 
that was the blood of Christ. The third was 
white — that was himself washed in Christ's 
blood. His book told the whole story of 
every redeemed life. Between the black 
of our sins and the white of our redemption 
must always come the red of Christ's blood. 
—J. R. Miller. 


A missionary says: "My attention was 
once attracted to a company of people 
marching slowly around a little temple. 
There were evident signs of some sacrifice 
to be performed, and on inquiry, I learned 
that the only son of a Hindu family was 
to have his hair cut for the first time. A 
goat was to be sacrificed, a feast given to 
relatives and friends; the Brahman priests 
were to be richly fee-ed as well as fed, and 
the hair was to be offered to the god or 
idol. The little fellow, dressed in clean 
white garments, with a red girdle about his 
waist, and his long plaited locks, looked 
quite important as he headed the temple 


The church's business is to spread the 
Gospel. This costs money. What arrange- 
ment did God make to get the money? 

1. Haphazard method? Loose change as 
the members happen to have it. 

2. Gush}' method? When feelings are 
moved by special appeal. 

3. Merchandise- method? Oysters, ice 
cream, fancywork, theatricals. 

4. Corkscrew method? Deacons to way- 
lay members with shotguns. 

5. Systematic method? Weekly, thought- 
ful, personal, proportionate paying, wjth the 
tenth as a minimum. 

Which do you think is God's plan? 
Which is yours? — Exchange. 

" There is a place where thou canst touch 
the eyes 
Of blinded men to instant, perfect sight; 
There is a place where thou canst say 
'Arise ' 
To dying captives, bound in chains of 
There is a place where thou canst search 
the store 
Of hoarded gold and free it for the 
There is a place — upon some distant 
shore — 
Where thou canst send the worker or 
the Word. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Where is that blessed place? Dost thou 

ask ' Where' ? 
O soul, it is the secret place of prayer." 


In the great mutiny of 1857, General 
Nicholson, veteran of four wars and a ma- 
jor-general at the age of thirty-five, heard 
that Delhi had fallen and pressed his troops 
to the walls of the city. He was known as 
the " Lion of the Punjab." As he paced 
along that ridge where his troops were en- 
camped and saw the men surrounded by 
fetid pools of water, with half of them sick 
with fever and some dying, though the foe 
behind the walls was many times their num- 
ber, he said, " If we remain in our intrench- 
ments we are beaten. Delhi must be taken, 
and we must advance at once. Batter down 
that bastion. I am going in tomorrow." 
With two thousand men at his back he 
broke across that bullet-swept plain, up 
through the breach and into the city. A 
thousand men fell in the charge, and he 
himself was mortally wounded by an ene- 
my's bullet. But he lived to see Delhi tak- 
en and India saved. As our great Com- 
mander looks down on the vast empire of 
India, and the halting forces at the home 
base, can we not hear Him saying, " If we 
remain in our intrenchments we are beaten. 
India must be taken, and we must advance 
at once"? — Sherwood Eddy, in India Awak- 


Old mammy came in to see me the other 
day quite exercised in her mind about Sis 

" Sis Ca'line was tellin' me 'bout some 
po' fambly," she said, " a snimin' through 
her nose an' saying, ' Hit's a sad case, Sis 
Mirandy, dat I has sho' shed a barrel of 
tears ober.' 

" ' Dat's sho' a lot o' tears,' 'spoused I. 
' But what yuh gib dat po' family, Sis 
Ca'line? Hit would be m' comfortin' to 
'em e'f you'd quit cryin' and get busy cookin' 
fer 'em.' 

" But lawdy," said Mammy Mirandy, roll- 
ing her eyes, " Sis Ca'line takes out all her 
sympathy cryin' ober de afflicted. You 

ain't neber heard her sob none wid her 
pocketbook, has ye? 

" Naw'm, I 'specs dere ain't no cheaper 
way ob helpin' folks dan to cry over 'em. 
An' de funny part of hit is, if you do cry 
over 'em ev'ybody says what a kind, symper- 
thetic heart you has got; an' dey don't take 
no notice dat all you draps in de conter- 
bution plate is a tear of pity." — Missions, 
January, 1917. 

Dr. J. Campbell White says: "When a 
man begins to amass wealth it is a ques- 
tion as to whether God is going to gain a 
fortune or lose a man." 


She gave the two pigs because she had 
no money. What would it mean if every 
raiser of hogs gave two pigs to mis- 
sions? Though it would not in many in- 
stances be a tenth of the herd, it would 
greatly increase the treasury. This foreign 
Christian example is a good one for us 
members "at home" to follow. 


The Missionary Visitor 




Elgin S. Moyer 

IT has been almost two months since we 
left the homeland, and we are eagerly 
waiting for news from home. We are 
wondering what progress the U. S. V. are 
making this fall. We are trusting and pray- 
ing that those who have prior to this year 
enlisted are proving themselves worthy of 
the name volunteer, and that the new re- 
cruits will enter the ranks with vim and in- 
terest. There is so much work to do that 
there is need for all who are willing to count 
the cost and to pay the price. But, dear 
fellow-workers, there will be a price to pay. 
It may be a hard fight for you to be willing 
to give up all and follow the blessed Master, 
but it will pay, yes, a hundredfold. Many 
are the volunteers in preparation now who 
struggled over this question for weeks and 
months, yea, years, before they were will- 
ing. You ask these same ones if they are 
sorry they turned over their all to the Lord, 
and they will, with one voice, say that they 
are glad that they made the choice as they 
did, or wish that they had done so sooner. 
It is these volunteers who have counted the 
cost and are willing to pay the price who 
are going to count in the Lord's work. It 
is they who will lead souls to the Master. 
But listen, the field is large and the call also 
comes to you. You can have the same bless- 
ing if you are willing to do the work that 
the Lord of the harvest calls you to do. 
Don't falter, don't flinch, be a man, be a 
woman, be a Christian. Say, " Here am I." 

The field is large; indeed, it is large. Dur- 
ing the last two months my eyes have seen 
just a little more of the field. I have seen a 
little bit more of the grain that is ripening, 
but wasting because of the lack of workers. 
Is your portion, is my portion of the grain 
thus being wasted? O brother, this is a 
tremendous question to be facing us! But 
face us it must, and we must as surely face 
the situation. Are we doing our share in 
bringing these precious sheaves to the Mas- 
ter? Keep your eyes open and see where 
your place is and tell the Lord you are will- 
ing to harvest your share for Him. 

Many of us have not seen much of the 
world, we have not seen many of the hun- 

gering, yes, dying souls, dying for a little 
Christian help and love. But as we read in 
mission books, study in mission classes, read 
articles in the missionary magazines, listen 
to lectures or conversation of workers from 
the field, all of these things ought to give 
us enough insight into the needs and bring 
to us appeals from the field that we would 
be willing to let the Holy Spirit work in our 
lives and direct us into the place where God 
would have us. 


H. Stover Kulp 

A STUDY of foreign mission work to- 
day reveals the great lack of labor- 
ers. There is a "Help Wanted" 
sign on every field. But what is the more 
impressive and the more appealing, is that 
the cry seems to come not alone from the 
missionaries, nor from the native Chris- 
tians, but from those who are still in dark- 
ness. From the chief of the African tribe, 
from the government official of China, from 
the college man of South America comes 
the call, " Send us men." 

This is a challenge to our college stu- 
dents for college men. The call seems the 
more important just now for the time limit 
that is set upon it. Just now the need is 
greatest, for at the present time the people 
of the non-Christian nations are in a plas- 
tic state. They are changing. Old reli- 
gions, old governments, old customs and 
superstitions must go. While they are 
changing, looking for something better, can 
we not give them the best — Christ? 

The challenge comes with more force 
because of the wonderful opportunities it 
presents. It is like the call to Paul, " Come 
over into Macedonia and help us." The 
college student is young; his life is before 
him. There is no one that does not wish 
to do something worth while. That is put- 
ting it mildly. All of us, if we have the 
proper spirit, want to put our lives where 
they will count for the most. There is 
something big, something, we might almost 
say, heroic in answering this call, in going 
over into this Macedonia, be it in China, in 
India, or in Africa. 



The Missionary Visitor 


So this is our aim, that through the 
medium of mission study we may awaken 
the students of our school to the great op- 
portunities which lie before them. That 
somehow there may be developed a group 
of young men and women with a vision — 
a vision wider than their own community 
or country; a vision that sees the non- 
Christian peoples across the waters. 

Are you engaged or are you still looking 
for a job? Here is one; come study it with 
us. The work is hard, but who wants an 
easy job? It requires sacrifice. The salary 
is not large if you are thinking of the 
money. But you are working for the King, 
Who gives you all power; from Whom you 
shall receive your reward, a treasure that 
fadeth not away, but lasts through eter- 

Juniata College. 



Elsie M. Price 

(Gleanings from "The Call, Qualifications and 
Preparation of Missionary Candidates," Pub- 
lished by Student Volunteer Movement.) 

" There are three elements which enter 
into the determination of a call to the mis- 
sion field. The first is the need. We know 
that, clearly, the need constitutes a call. 
The second element is the absence of any 
personal disqualification; and we ourselves 
are not the best judges there. The third 
element is absence of any insuperable hin- 
drance, and of course the question whether 
it is insuperable or not depends upon the 
personal ability to get over the hindrance." 

" The question for us to answer is not, 
Am I called to the foreign field? but, Can 
I show sufficient cause for not going?" 

" God Himself cannot switch a powerless 
engine; but He can use the man who is 
willing to go out as a missionary, who is 
moving all the time right out towards the 
missionary field, trusting God to turn him 
aside if He sees fit." 

" What is needed may all be summed up 
in the old minister's ' three royal G's ' — 
Grace, Grit, and Gumption. Grace means 
consecration to Christ and ardent love for 
man. Grit is a dogged perseverance in the 
performance of one's work, even if one 
sees no immediate fruit. Gumption implies 
a fair quantity of that somewhat uncommon 
quality, common sense — the ability to adapt 

one's self to circumstances, to make the 
best of one's surroundings, while judicious- 
ly, zealously endeavoring to better them; 
the capacity to work in harmony with 
one's fellow-workers, and the ability to 
seize and wield every available weapon for 
the prosecution of our warfare." 

Who ought not to go as foreign mission- 

1. Those in infirm health. 

2. Those too old to learn a foreign lan- 

3. No one should go who is unwilling to 
go anywhere. 

4. Those who believe that the missionary 
enterprise is doomed to failure. 

5. Impatient men. 

6. Men without common sense. 

7. Intractable men. 

8. Superficially prepared men. 

9. Men of unsettled religious views. 

10. Men who are afraid of torrid cli- 
mates and hard languages. 

11. Men who hesitate to condescend to 
the lowly, depraved and besotted. 

" Settle the missionary call with Christ 
now, whatever be the stage of your studies. 
The declaration which the members of the 
Student Volunteer Movement sign contains 
this condition, 'if God permit.' This is 
ample provision for all the contingencies in 
the life of faith. And it is of immense ad- 
vantage to have an early missionary out- 
look. The Spirit then brings all your read- 
ing to bear on the life work to which the 
Lord has called you. While you are seek- 
ing the training of a wide and generous 
culture, the Spirit will prepare you to be 
a specialist in bringing souls to Christ. 
Settle the matter with Christ, and settle it 

V. B. M., Lordsburg College. 


A missionary in the Belgian Congo 
writes: "One chief's son came and said 
they had built a house for a school and 
waited for the white people in vain. One 
of our little black boys turned to me and 
said, " Couldn't you write and ask some 
of your friends to come out and teach these 
people?" He also added, "Tell them God 
has been good to you.". 


The Missionary Visitor 



R. A. Frantz 


Praise the Lord for the many dollars that 
have been put into service for Him dur- 
ing the past year. 

Pray that this spirit of liberality may con- 
tinue to grow and accomplish much for 
the kingdom. 

Pray that more of our churches may get a 
vision of the need and give accordingly. 
May we raise our rate of giving, per cap- 
ita, above a dollar at least. 

Do this that we may make this season near- 
ing the Conference one in which special 
missionary enthusiasm is aroused. 

May the Conference offering be the largest 
this year that it has ever been. Pray for 
your congregation and her part in it. 


Thank the Lord for the three hundred or 
more students who have consecrated 
themselves for the Master's ranks, in the 
past three years. Above all, thank the 
Lord for the number of volunteers who 
have reached the fields of India and China. 

Pray that each volunteer may give all and 
receive much joy in the sacrifice made 
this year. 

Pray that the school year may not close 
without every student, who feels guided 
to do so, enrolling in the cause of mis- 
sions. May each student be brought face 
to face with this proposition before leav- 
ing school. 

Remember the several informal volunteer 
meetings which will be held during the 
Conference, that they may be flavored 
with a very congenial spirit and induce a 
deeper reverence for the work. 

May 27- June 2.— CONFERENCE: ITS 
Soon another season of refreshing wil) 

be ours to enjoy. Let us pray that thi> 

meeting may tend to lift every one who 
attends a little nearer to the blessed pres- 
ence of the great God, our Father. Pray: 
That every program committee may be 
guided by the Lord in procuring the very 
best speakers for the subjects to be dis- 
That the general atmosphere of the meet- 
ing may bring men and women to their 
knees in earnest petitions for the cause of 
That the business meetings may prove help- 
ful and encouraging to the delegates and 
others attending them. 
That the missionary meetings may be es- 
pecially planned to present a strong ap- 
peal for the many needs of both money 
and workers on the home and foreign 
Thank the Father for the missionaries to 

be accepted this year. 
When summer comes many of our volun- 
teers must go home or to other fields of 
work. For the most of us it is a vacation. 
However, the volunteer can use even a va- 
cation to aid the kingdom. 
Pray that the volunteer may make his sum- 
mer just as much a part of his prepara- 
tion as the nine months of school. Sure- 
ly the summer is not without opportu- 
nities for service. 
Pray that the volunteer may not leave his 
missionary ideas at school, but that he 
may carry them with him and give them 
out to his congregation as opportunity 
Thank the Lord for so many mission study 
classes among our congregations this 
year. May the volunteers lend a helping 
hand to these wherever they can. 
June 10-16.— DENMARK. 

The work in Denmark is being greatly 
hindered by the awful conflict raging so 
close by. Yet for this they need our 
prayers all the more. 

(Continued on Page 160) 


The Missionary Visitor 




The $50 acknowledged in the January Visitor to 
China Hospital, and credited to I. G. Cripe, 
California, should have been placed to Hiel Ham- 
ilton Memorial Hospital instead of to the General 

Donations of $5 each, acknowledged in the 
April Visitor to South America, Italian Mission 
and China Hospital, and credited to Waynes- 
boro Primary Department, Southern Pennsyl- 
vania, should have been credited to Esther Mc- 

Also in the April Visitor, the donation of $8.82, 
placed to Quinter Memorial Hospital, and cred- 
ited to Maple Grove congregation, Northwestern 
Kansas, should have been credited to Maple Grove 
Christian Workers' Society. 

The following donations to the Board's funds 
have been received during the month of March : 


Pennsylvania — $484.25. 

Western District, Sunday-school. 

Walnut Grove, $ 18 19 

Christian Workers. 

Uniontown, 3 30 


John S. Speicker, $100; Mr. and Mrs. 
E. Walker, $10 ; Mr. and Mrs. P. W. Stine, 
$5; I. J. Miller, $1.20; J. W. Wegley 
(marriage notice), 50 cents; Wm. Hum- 
mel (marriage notice), 50 cents, 117 _'0 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Hannah Puderbaugh, $3; A. G. Cross- 
white (marriage notices), $1.50; Ed. Har- 
den and Family, $1.50 6 00 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Mountville, $29.10; Annville, $25; Con- 
estoga, $11.54; Mingo, $46.12; Chiques, 
$59; Fairview, East, $20.15; Spring 
Grove, $4.45: Spring Creek, $95.40; West 

Conestoga, $22 312 76 


Sylvester Dressier, $1; Joseph Smith, 

$1 ; Celia Pleiger, 15 cents, 2 15 

Southern District. Individuals. 

Mr. and Mrs. W. Leiter, $20; D. B. 
Hostetler, $2; H. B. Horst, $1.40; Alice 
K. Trimmer, $1.25, 24 65 

Indiana— $407.83. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

C. Walter Warstler, $1; J. C. Blake, 
90 cents; A Brother, 95 cents; Chas. 
Gump (marriage notice). 50 cents; Clara 
Cook, $5; Nora Shively, $10; Mrs. Sarah 

Cart. $1, 19 35 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Burnetts Creek, 6 86 


Robert Ross, $5.20; Lydia Leedy. 
$121; Allev and Mary Body, $5; Mr. and 
Mrs. Earf Ulery. $25 156 20 

Bequest of Lydia Smith 200 42 

Southern District, Individuals. 

D. E. Rice, 25 00 

Ohio— $145.22. 

Northwestern District. Congregations. 

Lick Creek 10 00 


Lick Creek, 2 00 


S. I. Driver (marriage notice) 50 cents ; 
Elizabeth Beery, $10; Lydia Fried, $100; 

L. H. Cook, 25 cents, 110 75 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Mt. Zion, 1 00 


E. Hauenstein, 20 cents : Vesta V. Sa- 

nor, 65 cents; Rena Heestand, 65 cents, 1 50 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Bethel, $ 


Emanuel Shank, $1.50; Mr. and Mrs. 
Landes, $5 

Oklahoma— $71.55. 

F. E. Marchand and wife, $20: J. S. 
Merkey. 55 cents : G. W. and Addie En- 
nis, $50 ; Lillie McConkey, $1 

Illinois — $61.63. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Franklin Grove, $15; Cherrv Grove, 

$15.33; Pine Creek, $16.45, 


J. H. Brubaker (marriage notice). 50 
cents; H. B. Miller, $3; Emily Patrfc-k, 

50 cents, 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 


Maryland — $59.90. 

Middle District. Congregation. 

Pleasant View, 

Eastern District, Sunday-school. 



Wm. Gosnell and wife, 

Idaho — $55.98. 





R. A. Orr, $1.20; Lizzie Green, $3, .. 
Kansas — $54.85. 
Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Pleasant Grove 


Lydia Shierman 

Southwestern District. Sunday-school. 

Conwav Springs, $7.8S ; West Wich- 
ita. $5.11 

Christian Workers. 


California — $44.51. 

Northern District, Congregation. 



J. S. Brower. $1: D. L. Forney, $3, 
Southern District. Individuals. 

Wm. and Eliza Asbentrume, $3; C. C. 

Browning, $31.36, 

Texas — $25.00. 

A. J. Burris, $10; Daniel Bock, $15,.. 
Virginia — $21.50. 
First District. Individuals. 

T. S. Moherman. $1.S0 ; Josie Snuffer. 

$1.0.">: F. D. Kenneth. $1, 

Second District. Individuals. 

Melia Wright, IS cents; Barbara Ring- 
gold. 15 cents 

Northern District. Individuals. 

S. M. Miller, 20 cents; Scott Cline, 

$2; Bettie Fravel. $10. 

Eastern District, Congregation. 


Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Laurel Branch.. 

Washington— $13.29. 




Canada— $8.15. 

Western District. Sundav-school. 

Battle Creek, 

13 47 
6 50 

71 55 

46 78 

4 00 

11 35 

44 90 

5 00 

10 00 

47 20 

4 58 

4 20 

4 15 

25 00 

12 99 

12 71 

6 15 

4 00 

34 36 

25 00 

3 85 


12 20 

1 00 

4 12 

11 04 

2 25 

8 15 


The Missionary Visitor 


Missouri — $6.00. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Eliza Dukes, 5 00 

Middle District, Individual. 

James Mohler (marriage notice), . 50 

Southern District. 

C. W. Gitt (marriage notice) 50 

Iowa — $5.90. 

Northern District, Individual. 

B. M. Lichty, 3 00 

Middle District, Individuals. 

H. L. Royer, $1; John Robinson (mar- 
riage notice), 50 cents; Leander Smith 

(marriage notice), 50 cents, 2 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Charlotte Colwell, 40 cents ; H. N. But- 
ler (marriage notice), 50 cents, 90 

Michigan — $5.60. 


Crystal, 10 


H. A. Weller (marriage notice), 50 

cents ; A sister, $5 ; A sister, $5, 10 50 

Minnesota — $4.28. 

J. F. Souders, $3.28; Helen McCorkle, 

$1, 4 28 

West Virginia— $2.00. 
First District, Individuals. 

C. L. Fox, $1 ; Mary Stokes, $1, 2 00 

Nebraska — $1.50. 


David Neher, 50 cents; Mrs. Wm. Bar- 
hart, $1, 1 50 

North Dakota — $1.50. 

A. H. Blocher (marriage notice), 50 
cents; Isaac Miller (marriage notice), 50 

cents ; A Brother, 50 cents, 1 50 

Colorado — $1.00. 

Western District, Individual. 

J. B. Bryan (marriage notice), 50 

Southeastern District, Individual. 

David Hamm (marriage notice) 50 

North Carolina — $1.00. 

Mattie Smawley, 1 00 

Oregon — $0.50. 


H. H. Ritter (marriage notice) , 50 

Unknown 50 

Total for the month, $ 1,488 94 


Oklahoma — $540.00. 


Geo. Marchand, $500; F. E. Marchand 

and wife. $40 540 00 

Kansas — $164.35. 

Southwestern District, Congregations. 

Pleasant View, $22.12; Protection 
$25; Lamed, $23.35; Salem-Nickerson, 
$22 ; Bloom, $28.47 ; Garden City, $15, . . 135 94 

Junior, of Larned 3 41 


A. D. and L. S 25 00 

Canada— $100.00. 

Western District, Individual. 

John I. Clark 100 00 

Colorado — $25.18. 

Southeastern District, Congregation. 

Wiley 25 18 

California — $23.60. 

Southern District, Christian Workers. 

Long Beach, Inglewood, Los Angeles, 

Pasadena and South Los Angeles, 21 10 


A. A. Neher and wife, 2 50 

North Dakota — $23.00. 
Kenmare, $ 23 00 

Total for the month, $ 876 13 


Oklahoma — $540.00. 

Geo. Marchand, $500; F. E. Marchand 

and wife, $40, 540 00 

Canada — $100.00. 

Western District, Individual. 

John Clark 100 00 

Kansas — $25.00. 

Southwestern District, Individuals. 

A. D. and L. S 25 00 

Pennsylvania — $1440. 
Middle District, Individuals. 

Francis Baker, $5; Sister J. C. Miller, 

$4, 9 00 

Eastern District, Christian Workers. 

Spring Creek 5 00 

Oregon — $2.00. 

A. E. Troyer 2 00 

Virginia— $0.07. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Mollie Gibson, 5 cents; Emma Gibson, 
2 cents 07 

Total for the month, $ 68107 

Texas — $500.00. 


Sam'l and Jane Badger $ 500 00 

Illinois— $25.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Mary Fry, 25 00 

Iowa — $5.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

J. K. Eikenberry, 5 00 

Indiana — $4.46. 

Middle District, Christian Workers. 

Flora, 4 46 

California— $2.20. 

Northern District, Christian Workers. 

Live Oak, 2 00 

Total for the month $ 536 66 


Indiana — $105.00. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

2nd South Bend, 5 00 

Middle District, Aid Society. 

West Manchester 35 00 

Southern District, Aid Societies. 

Four Mile, $50; Killbuck, $5; Clarks- 

hill, $10 65 00 

Ohio— $90.95. 

Northwestern District, Sunday-school. 

Pleasant View, 9 64 

Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Canton Center, 16 31 

Aid Society. 

Ashland-Dickey, 50 00 

Southern District, Aid Societies. 

Union City, $5 ; Beech Grove, $10 15 00 

Pennsylvania — $89.61. 

Western District, Sunday-School. 

George's Creek 20 00 


Sister of Walnut Grove Cong., $10; 
Mrs. R. M. Beachy, $5; Lucetta Cover, 
$5; A Sister of Manor Congregation, $5, 25 00 
Middle District, Aid Society. 

Altoona, 5 00 


Francis Baker, 7 00 


1. 1 II 

The Missionary Visitor 


Eastern District, Christian Workers. 

Norristown $ 2 61 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Hanover, 5 00 

Southeastern District, Aid Society. 

Geiger Mem. Cong 10 00 


Eld. and Mrs. J. P. Hetric 15 00 

Illinois— $65.00. 

Northern District, Christian Workers. 

West Branch 33 00 


Mrs. Laura Herbst, $5; Mary Fry, $25, 30 00 
Southern District, Individuals. 

Sisters of Allison Prairie Cong., 2 00 

Northeastern District, Christian Workers. 

Kansas — $30.00. 

Northeastern District, Christian Workers. 

Ottawa, 5 00 

Aid Society. 

Sabetha, 25 00 

Iowa— $30.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

J. F. Eikenberry, 5 00 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Victor, 25 00 

Nebraska — $29.83. 
Christian Workers. 

Hardy, 3 83 

Aid Society. 

Lincoln, 26 00 

Oregon — $21.30. 

Portland, $11.30 ; Newberg, $5 16 30 

Christian Workers. 

Newberg, 3 50 

Aid Society. 

Newberg, 1 50 

Colorado — $7.35. 

Southeast District, Congregation. 

Wiley 7 35 

California— $3.50. 

Northern District, Individual. 

H. J. McDaniel, •. 1 00 

Southern District, Christian Workers. 

Egan, 2 50 

Michigan— $1.75. 
Christian Workers. 

Shepherd 1 75 

Total for the month, $ 474 29 


Pennsylvania — $77.73. 

Eastern District, Aid Society. 

White Oak, 20 00 

Southeastern District, Sunday-school. 

Parkerford 20 00 

Christian Workers. 

Parkerford 20 00 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Carlisle, 16 00 


Four Girls of Waynesboro S. S., 1 73 

Maryland — $32.00. 

Middle District, Christian Workers. 

Hagerstown 32 00 

Iowa — $25.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Mary Newsom, 20 00 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

South Keokuk, 5 00 

Ohio— $22.00. 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Brookville, 22 00 

Kansas — $20.00. 

Southwestern District, Individual. 
Mrs. T. N. Carter, 20 00 

Virginia— $20.00. 

First Virginia, Congregation. 
Roanoke City, 20 00 

Indiana— $8.00. 

Middle District, Classes. 

Nos. 7 and 8 of Huntington Cong., $ 8 00 
Minnesota — $5.00. 
Sunday-school Class. 

Willing Workers, 5 00 

Oklahoma— $5.00. 

Wm. Temple 5 00 

Washington— $0.85. 

S. S. Class. 
Cheerful Workers of Wenatchee 85 

Total for the month, $ 215 58 


Penn sy lvania — $136.00. 

Western District, Congregation. 

Maple Spring $ 18 74 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Lewistown, 23 50 

Eastern District, Individual. 

J. G. Reber, 25 00 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Huntsdale 68 76 

Canada — $31.00. 

Western District, Congregation. 

Battle Creek 9 00 

Aid Society. 

Battle Creek 22 00 

Iowa — $10.00. 

Middle District, Individuals. 

W. S. & Katie Buckingham 10 00 

T ennes see— $8.65. 

Meadow Branch 8.65 

.Michigan— $7.77. 

Crystal, 7 77 

Illinois — $5.00. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Mr. and Mrs. I. J. Harshbarger, 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 198 42 


Kansas — $100.00. 

Southwestern District, Congregation. 

Bloom, $ 25 00 


Sisters of Bloom Congregation, 75 00 

North Dakota— $9.13. 

Surrey 9 13 

Total for the year $ 109 13 


Iowa— $25.00. 

Northern District, Home Department. 

Ivester $ 20 00 


J. K. Eikenberry 5 00 

Illinois — $25.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Mary Fry, 25 00 

Ohio — $16.31. 

Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Canton Center, 16 31 

Pennsylvania — $10.00. 

Western District, Christian Workers. 

Mt. Joy, 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 76 31 


Maryland — $30.00. 

Western District, Individual. 

E. H. Merrill $ 10 00 

Eastern Maryland, Congregation. 

Pipe Creek and Sams Creek, 20 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Kansas — $12.00. 

Northwestern District, Class. 

Carrie Daggett's, 

Southwestern Dist., Christian Workers. 

Conway Springs 

Ohio— $10.00. 

Northeastern Dist., Aid Society. 

East Nimishillen, 

10 00 

2 00 

10 00 
9 13 

3 63 
10 00 

1 00 

North Dakota— $9.13. 



Pennsylvania — $13 . 63. 

Eastern District, Christian Workers. 


Southeastern District, Individuals. 

Eld. and Mrs. J. P. HetriC, 

West Virginia— $1.00. 

First District, Christian Workers. 


Total for the month, $ 75 76 

California — $25.85. 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Egan, $8.80; Santa Ana, $3.55 $ 12 35 


Sympathizers, $10; Arthur Fike, $3.50, 13 50 

Pennsylvania— $25.00. 

Middle District, Aid Society. 

Koontz 25 00 

Indiana— $6.25. 

Northern District, Christian Workers. 
Turkey Creek 6 25 

Total for the month, $ 57 10 

Montana — $15.00. 


A Brother and Sister $ 15 00 

Illinois— $10.00. 

Northern District, Home Department. 

Batavia, 5 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Mr. and Mrs. I. J. Harshbarger 5 00 

Minnesota — $2.00. 

A Brother, 2 00 

California— $2.00. 
Southern District. 

Sympathizers, 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 29 00 


Ohio— $17.55. 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Freeburg $ 17 55 

Minnesota — $4.00. 

Irving Reiff 4 00 

Total for the month, $ 21 55 


Indiana— $11.00. 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Four Mile Primary, $ 11 00 

Kansas— $5.75. 

Northwestern District, Christian Workers. 
Quinter, 5 75 

Total for the month, $ 16 75 

Iowa— $15.00. 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Lydia Ommen, $5; W. S. and Katie 
Buckingham, $10 $ 15 00 

South Dakota — $1.00. 
A Sister, $ 

Total for the month, 


Pennsylvania — $5.00. 

Southeastern Dist., Aid Society. 
Coventry, $ 

Total for the month, $ 


Minnesota — $1.95. 

Four Scholars of Monticello S. S $ 

Seattle $ 

Total for the month, $ 


Oklahoma — $1.00. 

A Sister, $ 

1 00 

Total for the month, $ 16 00 


Idaho — $10.00. 

Aid Society. 

Twin Falls, $ 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 10 00 


Canada — $8.00. 

Western District. 
John H. Rhodes $ 8 00 

Total for the month, $ 8 00 


Virginia— $5.00. 

Eastern District, Christian Workers. 
Valley $ 5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

5 00 

1 95 

Total for the month $ 1 95 


Washington — $1.25. 

Home Department. 

1 25 

1 25 

1 00 

1 00 

Total for the month, 


(Continued from Page 156) 
Thank the Lord for the footing which has 
already been secured in this country, and 
pray that the members here may remain 
true and earnest even though the times 
are hard. 

Pray for the physical strength of Brother 
and Sister Wine during this critical pe- 
riod. Bro. Wine also finds the climate 
rather trying on his constitution. 

Remember the different departments of the 
church here: the Sunday-school, the 
Christian Workers and the Aid Society. 
May each one of these fill the proper 
place and make a unified and prosperous 



Life Ad- GALEN ] 

* A. P. BL 


D. L. MILLER, Mt. MorrU, IU.^Llf* Ad- gALEN B ROTER, Elgin, IU. 

visorv Member *t OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, 

H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. ~ A. P. BLODGH, Waterloo, Iowa. 

J. J. TODER, McPherson, Kana. 

H. C. EARLY, President. J. H. B. WILLIAMS. Ass't Secretary, an* 

OTHO WINGER, Vice President. Editor of Missionary Visitor. 

GALEN B. ROYER, Secretary.-Treasurer. 


Denmark. _ 

wine A F Aagade 26, 2 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 

Wine! Attie'c.', Aagade 26, 2 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 


Buckingham, Ida, *S Sgat * an 5°* 5* w^S' 2w!S2 

Ornvbill T F Friisgatan No. 2, MalmO, Sweden 

Grlybili; Alice' M.,'"." :::::.'.'.':.'.".:.'.' .'.'.■.'.■ Friisgatan No. 2, MalmO, Sweden 

Rloiiffh Anna V P in £ Tin S Hsien, Shansi, China 

B St J Homer ..Liao€hou, Shansi, China 

Brifht Minnie Lhio Chou, Shansi, China 

Baker DO^G L^o Chou, Shansi. China 

USbakS: co r ra °M?". .v.v.v;;. :. . .:. •; :. \ ^0 aoj 8h««j &*** 

Crumpacker, F. H. (on furlough), -McF her son, Kana. 

Crumpacker, Anna N. (on furlough) .McPherson Kana 

rrino •Winnie Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

FlSv Raymond C Liao Chou « Shansi, China 

Florv L?zz?e N Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Hornine Emma' '.Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

iuf?n?s g on Anna,'..... L}ao Chou, Shansi China 

Metzser, Minerva, Pm S Tin S Hsien, Shansi, China 

Oberholtzer I E North China Language School, Peking, Chili, China 

Oberholtzer,' Elizabeth W ...North China Language School Peking, Chili, China 

Rider Bessie M . North China Language School, Peking, Chili, China 

Sender Nettie M ' North China Language School, Peking, Chili, China 

Shock, 'Laura M.,*' •••••• .-Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Vaniman, Ernest D., P™* Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Vaniman, Susie C, .Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi. China 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J., PiRg Ting Hsien, Shansi. China 

Wampler, Rebecca S Piag Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 


Arnold S Ira Post, Umalla, via Anklesvar, India 

Arnold', Elizabeth', " ."."."." .'.'.. Post, Umalla, via Anklesvar, India 

Blough J M Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Blough', Anna "Z.V . • Bulsar, Surat Dist., IndU 

Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond Bulsar, Surat Dist., IndU 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., Bulsar, Surat Dist., IndU 

Ebey, Adam (on furlough) North Manchester, Indiana 

Ebey, Alice K. (on furlough) North Manchester, Indiana 

Emmert, Jesse B., Jalalpor, Surat Dist., IndU 

Emmert, Gertrude R ...Jalalpor, Surat Dist., IndU 

Eby, Anna M., • • • Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Garner, H. P Bulsar, Surat Dist., IndU 

Garner, Kathryn B,, Bulsar, Surat Dist., IndU 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida (on furlough), •. McPherson Hospital, McPherson, Kansas. 

Hoffert, A. T Jalalpor, Surat Dist., IndU 

Holsopple, Q. A Post, Umalla, via Anklesvar, India 

Holsopple, Kathren R. (on furlough), Elgin. IU. 

Kaylor, John I Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Kaylor, Rosa Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Lichty,' Daniel J Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Lichty, Nora A Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Long, I. S Vyara, Surat Dist., IndU 

Long, Effie V Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Miller, Eliza B Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Miller, Sadie J Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Mohler, Jennie Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Nickey Dr. Barbara M Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Pitteriger, J. M., Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, IndU 

Pittenger, Florence B Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, IndU 

Powell, Josephine, Vada, Thana Dist., IndU 

Royer, B. Mary Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Ross, A. W Bulsar, Surat Dist., IndU 

Ross Mrs. A. W Bulsar, Surat Dist., IndU 

Shumaker, Ida C Bulsar, Surat Dist., IndU 

Stover W. B., Anklesvar, IndU 

Stover, Mary E • • • Anklesvar, IndU 

Swartz, Goldie Bulsar, Surat Dist., IndU 

Widdowson, S. Olive, Anklesvar, IndU 

Ziegler, Kathryn, Anklesvar, IndU 

Please Notice— Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction 
thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 

Are You Realizing a Fair 
Income on Your Money? 

Is your farm paying you a profit, in any- 
wise commensurate with the amount of 
money you have invested in it ? 

your desire to invest in institutions or properties that may wonderfully 
enhance in value, or have you arrived at that period of life or that con- 
dition of independence where you wish your money to earn you a fair 
rate of interest, with a sure and steady income? 

If You Desire a Certain Rate of Income, — An Income as Large as You 

Can Reasonably Expect Your Money to Earn You, — Why Not 

Investigate More Fully the Details of Our Annuity Plan? 

Our Annuity Plan has stood the test of YEARS. 
Our Annuitants all vote in its favor. 

Worth Your Consideration 

The wisest provision for 
old age is the investment of 
funds, when still in good 
health, in an institution that 
has stood the test of years, 
which has a clean record, a 
substantial standing, stabili- 
ty of assets, a specified in- 
come commensurate with the 
fair earning power of money; 
and which promises, with the 
above requirements, the min- 
imum of worry, trouble and 

The following amounts have been 
paid by us in annuities since the 
plan was inaugurated in 1896 

1897 . ..$ 1,501.76 

1898 4,081.49 

1899 4,889.61 

1900 6,536.77 

1901 7,111.92 

1902 8,097.74 

1908 10,204.24 

1904 11,560.26 

1905 .., 12,871.08 

1906 18.248.0t 

1907 15,073.63' 

1908 15,813.66 

1909 16.802.93 

1910 17,613.69 

1911 19,255.82 

1912 21,320.15 

1918 ,23,621.71 

1114 26,717.86 

1915 31,360.72 

Total $265,583.04 

Some Advantages of Our Annuity Plan 

Your investment is secure. 
There is no trouble in collections. 
No loss of time in *the investment. 
No depreciation of investment. 
Income is sure. No taxes. 

You are your own executor. 
No speculation in investment. 
Your money is invested in first 

mortgages on farm real estate. 
Provision is made for old age. 

Your investment assists in carrying the Gospel to the whole world. 

The plan through which you invest with us is easy. A postcard in- 
quiry will reveal it all to you. 

Are you interested? 

General Mission Board 

Why not write, us? 

Elgin, Illinois 



issionary v lsitor 



Vol. XIX No. 6 

JUNE, 1917 

Fifty -one Reasons Why the Outlook of the Chinese Mission Is Promising 

Fifty-four were baptized at Ping Ting Hsien on November 18, 1916, all 
but three of whom, with Bro. Vaniman, are seen in the above picture 

Annual Report 



The Missionary Visitor 




The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to the 
General Board, either direct or thru any congregational collection, provided the 
dollar or more is given by one individual- and in no way combined with another's 
gift. Different members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and extra 
subscriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will 
be interested in reading the Visitor. 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscrip- 
tion for every dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of one dollar or 
more, no matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting 
the Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor 
will be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries including Canada. 
Subscriptions discontinued at expiration of time. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. 
When asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please Order paper 
each year if possible under same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 
Entered as second class matter at the postofflce at Elgin, Illinois. 

Contents for June, 1917 


Our Force of Missionaries, 4 

Our Finances (5), Plans for 1917 (6), Permanent Buildings on the Field 
(6), Living Links (7), Missionary Education (8). 

Reports from Our Fields: 

Denmark 13 

Sweden, • • 13 

Ghina, 18 

Ping Ting Hsien (15), Liao Chou (23). 

India, 30 

Editor's Chat (30), Ahwa (32), Anklesvar (36) Bulsar (39), Da- 
hanu (48), Jalalpor (52), Vada (56), Vali (59), Vyara (62). 

Financial, the Various Funds, 66 

Gish Publishing Fund, 88 



The' Weekly Prayer Hour, By Roy Frantz, 164 

Sty? QHjtrtg-^ronn 
Annual Import 

of tlft 

3For tlj? liear 
Erifctng Jfobraarg 28, 191 r 

Published by 


Elgin, 111. 

General Mission Board 

of the 


D. L. Miller, Mt. Morris, Illinois. 

Life Advisory Member 

H. C. Early, Penn Laird, Virginia. 

A. P. Blough, Waterloo, Iowa. 


Otho Winger, North Manchester, Indiana. 


J. J. Yoder, McPherson, Kansas. 


Galen B. Royer, Elgin, Illinois. 



President, H. C. Early, Penn Laird, Virginia. 

Vice-President, Otho Winger, 
North Manchester, Ind. 

Sec.-Treas., Galen B. Royer, Elgin, Illinois. 

Asst. Sec., J. H. B. Williams, Elgin, Illinois. 

Office, Elgin, Illinois. Annual Meeting of the 
Board, third Wednesday in August. Other regular 
meetings, third Wednesday of April and December. 

All correspondence relative to mission work or any 
activities of the Board should be addressed to General 
Mission Board and to no individual. 

Annual Report 


Below may be found a list of the missionaries, with present addresses, and date 
of entering service, who are at present serving under direction of the General Mis- 
sion Board: 


Wine, A. F., Aagade 26, 2 Sal, Aal- 
borg, 1913 

Wine, Attie C, Aagade 26, 2 Sal, Aal- 
borg, 1913 


Buckingham, Ida, Friisgatan No. 2, 
Malmo, 1913 

Graybill, J. F., Friisgatan No. 2, Mal- 
mo, 1911 

Graybill, Alice M., Friisgatan No. 2, 
Malmo, 1911 


Blough, Anna V., Ping Ting Hsien, 
Shansi, 1913 

Bright, J. Homer, Liao Chou, Shansi, 1911 

Bright, Minnie, Liao Chou, Shansi, 1911 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G., Liao Chou, Shan- 
si, 1913 

Brubaker, Cora M., Liao Chou, Shan- 
si, 1913 

Crumpacker, F. H. (on furlough), Mc- 
Pherson, Kans., 1908 

Crumpacker, Anna N. (on furlough), 
McPherson, Kans., 1908 

Cripe, Winnie (on furlough), Walker- 
ton, Ind., 1911 

Flory, Raymond C, Liao Chou, Shan- 
si, I 1914 

Flory, Lizzie N., Liao Chou, Shansi, 1914 

Horning, Emma, Ping Ting Hsien, 
Shansi, ..1908 

Hutchison, Anna, Liao Chou, Shansi, 1911 

Metzger, Minerva (on furlough), Ross- 
ville, Ind., 1910 

Oberholtzer, I. E., North China Lan- 
guage School, Peking, Chili, 1916 

Oberholtzer, Elizabeth W., North 
China Language School, Peking, 
Chili, 1916 

Rider, Bessie M., Ping Ting Hsien, 
Shansi, 1916 

Senger, Nettie M., Liao Chou, Shansi, 1916 

Shock, Laura M., Liao Chou, Shansi, 1916 

Vaniman, Ernest D., Ping Ting Hsien, 
Shansi, 1913 

Vaniman, Susie C, Ping Ting Hsien, 
Shansi, 1913 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J., Ping Ting 
Hsien, Shansi, 1913 

Wampler, Rebecca C, Ping Ting 
Hsien, Shansi, 1913 

Arnold, S. Ira, Post, Umalla, via 

Anklesvar, 1913 

Arnold, Elizabeth, Post, Umalla, via 

Anklesvar, 1913 

Blough, J. M., Bulsar, Surat Dist., ..1903 
Blough, Anna Z., Bulsar, Surat Dist., 1903 
Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond, Bulsar, 

Surat Dist., 1913 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., Bulsar, Surat 

Dist, 1913 

Ebey, Adam (on furlough), North 

Manchester, Indiana, 1900 

Ebey, Alice K. (on furlough), North 

Manchester, Indiana, 1900 

Emmert, Jesse B., Jalalpor, Surat 

Dist, 1902 

Emmert, Gertrude R., Jalalpor, Surat 

Dist, 1902 

Eby, Anna M., Dahanu, Thana Dist, 1912 
Garner, H. P., Dahanu, Thana Dist, 1916 
Garner, Kathryn B., Dahanu, Thana 

Dist, 1916 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida (on furlough), 

200 6th Ave., Altoona, Pa., .1908 

Hoffert, A. T., Jalalpor, Surat Dist., 1916 
Holsopple, Q. A., Post, Umalla, via 

-Anklesvar 1911 

Holsopple, Kathren R. (on furlough), 

Elgin, 111., 1911 

Kaylor, John I., Vada, Thana Dist, 1911 
Kaylor, Rosa, Vada, Thana Dist., ...1911 
Lichty, Daniel J., Dahanu, Thana 

Dist, 1902 

Lichty, Nora A., Dahanu, Thana Dist., 1902 

Long, I. S., Vyara, Surat Dist, 1903 

Long, Effie V., Vyara, Surat Dist., ..1903 
Miller, Eliza B., Bulsar, Surat Dist, 1900 
Miller, Sadie J., Vyara, Surat Dist, 1903 
Mohler, Jennie, Bulsar, Surat Dist., 1916 
Nickey, Dr. Barbara M., Dahanu, 

Thana Dist., 1915 

Pittenger, J. M., Ahwa, Dangs Forest, 

via Bilimora, 1904 

Pittenger, Florence B., Ahwa, Dangs 

Forest, via Bilimora 1904 

Powell, Josephine, Vada, Thana Dist, 1906 
Royer, B. Mary, Dahanu, Thana Dist., 1913 

Ross, A. W., Bulsar, Surat Dist, 1904 

Ross, Mrs. A. W., Bulsar, Surat Dist., 1904 
Shumaker, Ida C. (on furlough), Mey- 

ersdale. Pa., 1910 

Stover, W. B., Anklesvar, 1894 

Stover, Mary E., Anklesvar, 1894 

Swartz, Goldie, Bulsar, Surat Dist., 1916 
Widdowson, S. Olive, Anklesvar, ....1912 
Ziegler, Kathryn, Anklesvar, 1908 

Pfease Notice 

-Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction thereof and 
3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 

4 Annual Report 



One cannot attempt a resume of the work of the General Mission Board and its 
force of missionaries and loyal supporters on the home base without an overwhelming 
sense of gratitude to our Heavenly Father for His leadership and intimate counsels. 

The year has been one of unusual anxieties in many ways. The world is at war. 
Mails have been interrupted. The long way around to India, across the Pacific, has 
proved to be the shortest route these days, and the safest. The possibilities of the 
entrance of our own country into the war, the proximity of our Danish and Swedish 
fields to the scenes of the conflict — all these considerations and many more have 
made the period covered by this report a time of anxious concern. 

As we were able to report last year, the Church of the Brethren has been spared 
the actual horrors of war, but the year closes with our own country being drawn 
into the conflict. Our missionaries in all the fields have been able to pursue their 
labors without serious interruption. Our people have responded liberally to our 
needs, and the outlook for our work has seemed brighter in many ways with each 
passing day. Considering the trials and anxieties and sufferings imposed upon many 
missionary societies in our own and sister lands, it would seem that we have had 
nothing to endure because of the titanic conflict in Europe. 


The beginning of the year saw Bro. F. H. Crumpacker and family returning from 
China on furlough. Later in the year, in October, Bro. Adam Ebey and family, with 
Sister Kathren Holsopple and baby Frances, returned from India. The furlough of 
Bro. Ebey was already overdue, while health considerations compelled the earlier 
return of Sister Holsopple. 

To India there went during the year Sisters Eliza B. Miller and Kathryn Ziegler, 
returning from furlough. As new workers there also sailed Brother and Sister H. 
P. Garner, Bro. A. T. Hoffert and Sisters Goldie Swartz and Jennie Mohler, the lat- 
ter a graduate nurse. These missionaries have reached the field. The older workers 
are again in joy at their tasks, while the new missionaries are busy in language schools. 
Sister Eliza Miller assumed charge of the girls' work at Bulsar, taking the place 
of Sister Ida Shumaker, who at the time of writing this report, is on her way home 
for her much-needed furlough. Sister Ida Himmelsbaugh, who returned to America 
with Sisters Miller and Ziegler, tarried in the homeland to finish her nurses' course. 
This she accomplished at the McPherson Hospital, McPherson, Kans., and at this 
time is awaiting opportunity to return to her adopted country. 

Te China there sailed in August Brother and Sister I. E. Oberholtzer and Sister 
Laura Shock. Brother and Sister Oberholtzer have been spending the present year in 
the North China Language School, Peking, while Sister Shock went immediately 
to Liao Chou, where she had been appointed as teacher to the children of our mis- 
sionaries. She found the children waiting and expectant, and the little schoolhouse 
finished and ready for occupancy. Sister Shock is the first missionary who has gone 
to the field for the express purpose of caring for the educational needs of our own 
children. Likely the needs of the future will demand others. 

It is a cause for deep gratitude that none of our missionaries have been called 
home by the hand ©f death during the year, although there has been considerable 
sickness in the force. Bro. A. F. Wine, in Denmark, suffered a nervous break in 
January, and has been until the present unable to resume active work. The health 
of Sister Wine also has been poor. Dr. O. G. Brubaker soon after the close of the 
year was stricken with appendicitis, rendering an operation necessary. Other mis- 
sionaries in China have suffered with varying forms of sickness. Our workers in 

Annual Report 5 

India have been blessed during the year with fairly good health, although we regret 
to learn that a number of them are badly worn out in the pursuance of their tasks. 

Our workers, however, have been able to continue their labors with little inter- 
ruption. For this fact they and we rejoice and praise the Father. Personal re- 
ports from the toilers both in India and China will be found in succeeding pages 
of this report. 


Last year we spoke in terms of gratification at the condition of our finances in 
view of the uncertainties of war and its effect upon business in general. The year 
has seen our country drawing closer to the vortex of this great struggle, until now 
we, too, are plunged in. In spite of all these things our finances have been in very 
good condition throughout the year. We have sent out eight new missionaries and 
have carried forward our work without interruption or curtailment. While our year 
closes with a deficit of $1,772.83, as compared with a balance of $2,023.86 last year, 
during the year we have undertaken new tasks in both India and China and new 
workers are being sent to each field. Our income available for mission purposes has 
increased by $13,540.93 over the previous year, and our expenditures have increased 
by $23,363.68. As was the case last year, the contributions of our people made by 
far the largest percentage of the gain as mentioned above. 

The following brief financial statement, made with the approval of the auditors, 
will show in a nutshell the receipts and expenditures of the Board for the last year. 
This statement is shorn of all duplications, transfers and refunds, and shows the actual 
money handled in the prosecution of our regular mission work. 

A Brief Statement of New Funds Available for Mission Work and 
Comparison with Last Year 


1915-1916 1916-1917 Increase 
Donations to Board Funds reported in Visitor, etc., $ 54,309 18 $ 60,680 28 $ 6,371 10 
Special— Seattle churchhouse, and relief funds, . . . 4,286 00 2,770 78 1,515 44* 

Special supports, transmissions, native workers, 

schools, hospitals, etc., 20,909 45 26,234 41 5,324 96 

Income endowment, earnings, bank account, Pub- 
lishing House, miss, education, bequests, etc., 51,763 14 55,123 45 3,360 31 

$131,267 99 $144,808 90 $13,540 93 
Endowment received, all funds, 49,029 16 60,781 50 11,752 34 

World-wide, annuities, publications, District work, 

general expense, etc., $ 51,377 72 $ 51,094 14 $ 283 58* 

India, 47,554 64 64,043 30 16,488 66 

China 23,778 80 29,921 26 6,142 46 

Denmark and Sweden, 5,850 07 7,199 52 1,349 45 

Specials — Seattle church, Italian work, relief 

funds, etc., 3,638 08 3,304 77 333 31* 

Totals expended for work, $132,199 31 $155,562 99 $23,363 68 

* Decrease 

There is an increasing desire among our people to give their money for special 
objects on the foreign field. The office receives many requests for assignments for 
support of orphans, boarding-school pupils, native workers in training, native work- 
ers, and other objects of active endeavor. Nearly all of our missionaries are under 
special support, while a number of organizations have undertaken the support of mis- 
sionary children. This desire we love to encourage, because such definite objects en- 
able the supporters to see where their money is being used. However, the needs of 
the fields, when not adequately provided for by special donations, are met from the 
World-wide Fund. This necessitates our encouraging donors to contribute to this 
general fund which mothers all the rest, at home or abroad. 

6 Annual Report 

A cause for special comment is the increasing number of our brethren and sis- 
ters who are experiencing the rich blessings which come from practicing systematic, 
proportionate giving. 

The necessities of life are costing more on the field this year than ever before. 
The war must of course be held responsible for the skyward soar of prices, but fix- 
ing the responsibility for the abnormal increase in no wise meets the bill. In some 
instances commodities have more than doubled in price. Rates of exchange on all 
the fields have caused our workers no little worry, in some instances even requiring 
a cessation of building operations until financial affairs become more settled. 

The Board is in possession of a growing endowment fund. Each year sees it 
enlarge and the list of satisfied annuitants grow longer. Our endowment funds at the 
close of this fiscal year amounted to $996,212.36. Annuity is paid on a considerable 
portion of this large sum of money. A record of annuity payments that have been 
made in years past are appended herewith: 

Amounts Paid in Annuities, by Years 

1897 $ 1,50176 1908 15,813 66 

1898 4,081 49 1909 15,802 93 

1899 4,889 61 1910 17,513 69 

1900 5,536 77 1911 19,255 82 

1901 7,111 92 1912 21,320 15 

1902 8,097 74 1913 23,621 71 

1903 10,204 24 1914 26,888 63 

1914 11,560 26 1915 32,034 61 

1905 12,871 08 1916 32,554 18 

1906 13,248 00 

1907 15,073 63 $298,981 88 

Seventeen new workers have been appointed by the Board, subject to the ap- 
proval of Conference, to go to the fields this year. Seven of these are for India 
and ten for China. The sending of so large a force at this time is an exercise of 
faith, for the world war makes all advance problematical. Our missionaries are de- 
sirous of making advance, the church has always responded to every call to go for- 
ward, and we have the young people who are offering themselves for this great cause. 
All of these considerations have compelled us to appoint this number of recruits 
for the needy places of the world. We are confident that the Brotherhood will be 
with us in sending this new force abroad, and will accept the task willingly of adding 
the necessary support. 


Another demand upon our resources which has grown in the last few years is 
the calls for hospitals, schools and churchhouses — permanent buildings. Their initial 
outlay is of course the heavy burden. The Board has undertaken the task of erect- 
ing hospitals at four mission stations — Bulsar and Dahanu, India, Ping Ting and Liao 
Chou, China. The cost of these plants is from $7,000 to $10,000 each. A church 
recently was erected at Umalla, India; another has been called for at Anklesvar. 
Liao Chou, China, also desires to build one within the next couple of years. The 
work at Malmo, Sweden, is suffering because of the lack of a commodious meeting- 
place. This need must be met if our work there is to assume the permanent form 
that it should to be the mission center of the Swedish field. 

Where there are definite needs for funds the Lord always raises up agencies to 
supply them. In response to a call, the Sisters' Aid Societies of the church have as- 
sumed the lion's share of the burden in raising funds for the $10,000 Mary Quinter 
Memorial Hospital at Bulsar. The dispensary at Dahanu, which cost $1,000 and which 
precedes the permanent $7,000 hospital and will become a part of that plant, has been 
paid for generously by the relatives of Dr. Barbara M. Nickey, the physician in 
charge. Roanoke congregation, Va., and relatives and friends of Dr. Fred Wampler 

Annual Report 7 

at Greenmount, Va., and other places have pledged and contributed much of the 
needed funds for Ping Ting Hospital; the churches of Bachelor Run, Howard, Flora, 
Upper and Lower Deer Creek have pledged and contributed a considerable portion 
of the funds for the Hiel Hamilton Memorial Hospital at Liao Chou. 

A sister in Pennsylvania has paid to the Board $2,500 for the erection of the Girls' 
School at Liao Chou. This money is on deposit, bearing interest until such time as it 
will be needed. 

We state these special activities in detail in appreciation of the loyal donors and 
in recognition of their interest in the work of missions. Should there be others who are 
impressed with the need of supplying permanent buildings on the field, we shall be 
glad to correspond with them, for other needs are arising which must be met in the 
immediate future. 

Our missionary program on the field is now in full operation and it will not cease 
to call for large expenditures of money for years to come. But what blessings are 
ours in meeting the calls! 



The larger number of our missionaries now at work are under special support of 
some organization in the homeland. These we enumerate below. There are also 
many Sunday-schools, Christian Workers' Societies, churches and others who are 
supporting native workers or children on the field. These we cannot name in this 
report because of multitude; but their assistance is appreciated none the less. The 
whole fabric of our foreign mission endeavor is undergirded by the prayer of God's 
partners on the home base, whose petitions daily ascend to the Father in behalf of 
missions in general and those whom they support in particular. Other missionaries 
who are not under special support can be assigned to whomsoever may call. We 
shall be glad to communicate with any who may desire to undertake such splendid 

The following is a list of those who support workers: 

Individual Sunday-Schools 

Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Sister Emma Horning, China. 

Cerro Gordo, 111., Dr. A. Raymond Cottrell, India. 

Dallas Center, Iowa, partial support, Sister Anna Hutchison, China. 

English River, Iowa, Sister Nettie M. Senger, China. 

Mt. Morris, 111., Sister Sadie J. Miller, India. 

North Manchester, Ind., Bro. A. F. Wine, Denmark. 

Virden and Girard, 111., Dr. Laura M. Cottrell, India. 

Manchester College Sunday-school, Sister Laura M. Shock, China. 

Individual Congregations 
Antietam, Pa., Sisters Nora Lichty, India, and Lizzie N. Flory, China. 
Bear Creek, Ohio, Sister Anna M. Eby, India. 
Bethel, Nebr., Bro. R. C. Flory, China. 
Coon River, Iowa, Sister Elizabeth M. Arnold, India. 

Lordsburg congregation and Sunday-school, Cal., Brother and Sister Ernest Vani- 
man, China. 

Oakley congregation and Sunday-school, 111., Sister Ida Buckingham, Sweden. 

Pipe Creek, Maryland, Bro. W. B. Stover, India. 

Peach Blossom, Md., Sister Anna M. Hutchison, China. (Two-thirds support.) 

Panther Creek, Iowa, Sister Ida Himmelsbaugh, India. 

Quemahoning, Pa., Bro. Q. A. Holsopple, India. 

Salem, Ohio, Sister J. Homer Bright, China. 

Shade Creek, Rummel and Scalp Level, Pa., Sister Anna Z. Blough, India. 

8 Annual Report 

Tulpehocken, Pa., Sister B. Mary Royer, India. 

Elizabethtown, Pa., Sister Bessie Rider, China. 

Painter Creek, Ohio, Dr. O. G. Brubaker, China. 

Woodbury, Pa., Sister J. M. Pittenger, India. 

Trotwood, Ohio, Sister I. E. Oberholtzer, China. 

Bethlehem, Brick and Antioch, Va., Bro. I. E. Oberholtzer, China. 

Sunday-Schools by Districts 

California, Southern, and Arizona, Sister Gertrude Emmert, India. 
Illinois, Southern, Sister Eliza B. Miller, India. 

Indiana, Northern, Sisters Mary Stover, India, Winnie Cripe and Minerva Metzger. 

Indiana, Middle, Sister Rosa W. Kaylor, India. 

Iowa, Middle, Bro. S. Ira Arnold, India. 

Ohio, Southern, Brethren J. M. Pittenger, India, and J. Homer Bright, China. 

Pennsylvania, Eastern, Sister Kathryn Ziegler, India. 

Pennsylvania, Middle, Bro. Jesse B. Emmert, India. 

Pennsylvania, Western, Sisters Ida C. Shumaker and Olive Widdowson, India. 

Virginia, Northern, Dr. Fred J. Wampler, China. 

Virginia, First and Southern, Sister Rebecca Wampler. 

Ohio, Northeastern, Sister Goldie Swartz, India. 

Congregations by Districts 
Iowa, Northern, Minnesota and South Dakota, Sister Anna V. Blough, China. 
Kansas, Southwestern, and Southern Colorado, Brother and Sister F. H. Crum- 
packer, China. 

Missouri, Middle, Sister Jennie Mohler, India. 

Nebraska, Sister Josephine Powell, India. 

Virginia, Second, Northern and Eastern, Brother and Sister I. S. Long, India. 

Other Organizations 

Botetourt Memorial Missionary Circle, Va., Brother and Sister A. W. Ross and 
family, India. 

Mt. Morris College Missionary Society, 111., Bro. D. J. Lichty, India. 

Metzger China Fund, individuals giving part support for Sister Minerva Metzger, 

Young People's Missionary and Temperance Association, Huntingdon, Pa., Bro. 
J. M. Blough, India. 


Brother and Sister Isaiah Brenaman, Lordsburg, Cal., Bro. J. I. Kaylor, India. 

Nickey and Buckingham families, Dr. Barbara M. Nickey, India. 

Supporting Missionary Children 

Mississinewa Sunday-school, Ind., Joseph Daniel Pittenger, India. 
Lanark Sisters' Aid Society, 111., Winnifred Brubaker, China. 
Mineral Creek Juvenile Mission Band, Mo., Barbara Arnold, India. 
Charles Fifer and family, Rehobeth, Md., Albert Long, India. 

The Plan 

With a view of securing unity, cooperation and the fullest efficiency of each con- 
gregation, whereby the church shall be enabled to fulfill its mission to the world, the 
General Conference of 1911 adopted the following plan for all the congregations of 
the Brotherhood: 

Annual Report 9 

I. That a committee of three or more, who are actively interested in missions, 
preferably representatives of the several organizations of the congregation, be ap- 
pointed by the church in council, whose duty shall be to cooperate with the bishop 
or pastor in developing the home and foreign missionary interest — 

1. By the use of literature, missionary meetings, mission study and otherwise. 

2. To have some system of giving by every one, along scriptural lines of cheerful, 
proportionate and weekly giving, and to solicit personally to this end. 

3. To promote personal service and devotion in the life of the individual. 

II. That District Mission Boards appoint a District Secretary to be approved by 
the District Meeting, whose duty shall be to assist congregations to organize, adapt and 
make operative the plan outlined herein. That the secretary report annually to the 
District Meeting and to the General Mission Board. 

III. It shall be the duty of the General Mission Board to assist in every way in 
making effective this work, through correspondence, traveling secretaries, tracts and 

In accordance with this plan we have been working since its adoption and are 
pleased to report that our congregations and District organizations in the main have 
responded in a whole-hearted manner. District Missionary Secretaries have been ap- 
pointed. Through the cooperation and active encouragement of these, many individ- 
uals have been led to adopt systematic giving, some churches have revised their finan- 
cial systems, and many mission study classes have been organized, while the secre- 
taries have been the instruments in leading many to support native workers and mis- 
sionaries on the field. 

The following is the list of District Secretaries in so far as we have been able to 
revise our lists unto the present time. If addresses are wrongly given, or we have 
listed the wrong name as secretary we shall appreciate correction: 

District Missionary Secretaries 

Arkansas, First District and Southeastern Missouri. 

California, Northern, D. L. Forney, Reedley, Cal. 

California, Southern, and Arizona, Geo. H. Bashor, Glendora, Cal. 

Colorado, Western, and Utah. 

Idaho and Western Montana, S. S. Neher, Twin Falls, Idaho. 

Illinois, Northern, and Wisconsin, S. C. Miller, Elgin, 111. 

Illinois, Southern, Geo. W. Miller, Cerro Gordo, 111. 

Indiana, Middle, Catherine Neher, Flora, Ind., Box 174. 

Indiana, Northern, R. O. Roose, 504 N. Main St., South Bend, Ind. 

Indiana, Southern, J. W. Root, R. 21, Buck Creek, Ind., 1916. 

Iowa, Middle, J. Q. Goughnour, Ankeny, Iowa. 

Iowa, Northern, Minnesota and South Dakota. 

Iowa Southern, Leslie Cover, S. Ottumwa, Iowa, 118 S. Moore St. 

Kansas, Northeastern. 

Kansas, Northwestern and Northeastern Colorado, Mary E. Daggett, Covert, Kans. 

Kansas, Southeastern, John Sherfy, 1309 S. Edith St., Chanute, Kans. 

Kansas, Southwestern, and Southern Colorado, W. H. Yoder, Conway; Kans. 

Maryland, Eastern, W. E. Roop, Westminster, Md. 

Maryland, Middle, Caleb Long, Boonsboro, Md. 

Maryland, Western, James W. Beeghly, Oakland, Md. 

Michigan, S. M. Smith, Lake Odessa, Mich. 

Missouri, Middle, I. V. Enos, Adrian, Mo. 

Missouri, Northern, E. W. Mason, Norborne, Mo., R. 2. 

Missouri, Southern, and Northwestern Arkansas, none appointed. 

Nebraska, S. G. Nickey, Haxtun, Colo. 

10 Annual Report 

North Dakota, Eastern Montana and Western Canada, O. A. Myer, Williston, 
N. D. 

North and South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, Jos. H. Griffith, Brummets Creek, j 
N. C. 

Ohio, Northeastern, Oscar H. Bechtel, Belleville, Ohio. 

Ohio, Northwestern, Rolland F. Flory, Defiance, Ohio. 

Ohio, Southern, Ira G. Blocher, Greenville, Ohio. 

Oklahoma, Panhandle of Texas and New Mexico, John R. Pitzer, Cordell, Okla. 

Oregon, Hiram Smith, Albany, Oregon. 

Pennsylvania, Eastern, I. W. Taylor, Neffsville, Pa. 

Pennsylvania, Middle, John B. Miller, Curryville, Pa. 

Pennsylvania, Southeastern, New Jersey and Eastern New York, M. C. Swigart, I 
6611 Germantown Avenue, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Pennsylvania, Southern, W. H. Miller, R. D. 4, Hanover, Pa. 

Pennsylvania, Western, H. S. Replogle, Windber, Pa. 

Tennessee, none appointed. 

Texas and Louisiana, M. H. Peters, Manvel, Tex. 

Virginia, Eastern, E. E. Blough, Nokesville, Va. 

Virginia, First District, C. D. Hylton, Troutville, Va. 

Virginia, Northern, J. Carson Miller, Timberville, Va. 

Virginia, Second District, W. H. Zigler, Churchville, Va. 

Virginia, Southern, S. P. Reed, Floyd, Va. 


West Virginia, First District, Seymour Hamstead, R. D. 2, Oakland, Md. 
West Virginia, Second District. 
Much credit must also be given to the local missionary committees in the various 
churches who are laboring for the advancement of missionary intelligence in their 
congregations. Missionary secretaries have been appointed in many Sunday-schools. 
The committees have organized mission study classes, and have awakened many 
churches to their obligations of service. 

The Mission Study Course 

A course of study has been outlined by the Board and a list of the books recom- 
mended for study is appended herewith. In a few instances books have gone out 
of print since the close of the fiscal year covered by this report. We are revising 
the course and invite correspondence regarding the same. The following are the 
books in the course as it has continued during the year: 

For Certificate 
"Christian Heroism in Heathen Lands" (Galen B. Royer). Paper, 40c; cloth, 55c. 
An examination on this book is required for the certificate. 

For Seals 

Only the reading of these books is required. 

General Study (Red Seal) 
"Missions and the Church" (Wilbur B. Stover). Cloth, 60c. 

Home Missions (Purple Seal) 
"The Challenge of the City (Strong). Paper, 40c; cloth, 60c; or "Aliens or Amer- 
icans" (Grose). Paper, 40c; cloth, 60c. 

" Missions in the Sunday-School " (Green Seal) 
"Missionary Methods" (Trull). Board, 57c; or "Missionary Programs and Inci- 
dents" (Trull). Cloth, 50c. 

Annual Report 11 

Asia (Blue Seal) 
"Sunrise in the Sunrise Kingdom" (De Forest). Paper, 40c; cloth, 60c; or "Korea 
in Transition" (Gale). Paper, 40c; cloth, 60c. 

Africa (Silver Seal) 
" Daybreak in the Dark Continent" (Naylor). Paper, 40c; cloth, 60c; or " Effective 
Workers in Needy Fields" (McDowell). Paper, 40c; cloth, 60c. 

Our Fields (Gold Seal) 
"The Uplift of China" (Smith). Paper, 40c; cloth, 60c; or "India Awakening" 

(Eddy). Paper, 40c; cloth, 60c. 

The number of classes taking up the study of this course has been very encouraging 

indeed. Not nearly so many have done it as should have started, but classes have 

been organized in every part of the Brotherhood. The following is the record in figures 

for the year: 

Number receiving the Certificate, 545 

Number receiving Red Seal, 40 

Number receiving Silver Seal, 71 

Number receiving Gold Seal, 51 

Number receiving Purple Seal, 55 

Number receiving Green Seal, 40 

Number receiving Blue Seal, 38 

In addition to these figures we are confident that there are many classes that have 

studied the book, but have not taken the examination. 

The following is a fac-simile of the certificate which we award. This certificate is 

suitable for framing; size, 11x14 inches. A charge of twenty-five cents is made for the 

certificate, and the seals are supplied without additional expenditure. 



( Africa ) 


^uud4^>n^,M^ Course in Missions /a^faed*>tl$e^ /vj^Jw 
General Mission Board. 

In Testimony Whereof ,^o^^2*^ 

Stcrzlcuy of Board. 

12 Annual Report 

Traveling Secretaries 

All traveling secretarial work is now under the direct charge of the secretary of 
the Board. No financial secretaries have been in the field during the year. Bro. E. H. 
Eby has been almost continuously in the field since September, devoting his time to 
the churches of the Northwest and the Districts of California. He has met with 
most encouraging success in his campaigns for systematic giving, mission study 
classes, the organization of local missionary committees, and in his appeals for 
missionary offerings. 

Our missionaries on furlough also have contributed their time whenever oppor- 
tunity afforded. Bro. F. H. Crumpacker has visited many of the churches in the 
interests of the work and has met with very favorable response. 

Our Student Volunteer Movement 
One of the most hopeful organizations in the church, giving most promise of 
fruitage, is the United Student Volunteer movement in our colleges. The present or- 
ganization has been in operation since 1913, when it was definitely organized at the 
Winona Lake Conference. The following declaration is made by those who become 
actively enrolled as volunteers: 

Declaration of the United Student Volunteers of the Church of the Brethren 
Whereas, My acceptance of Jesus Christ has brought me pardon and peace and 
responsibility, and my study of His Word and of the field has confirmed my convic- 
tion that " the Gospel is the power of God unto salvation," I hereby dedicate myself 
to special missionary service in whatever way God may direct, at any time, in any 
place, and at any cost. 

According to the figures submitted to us by the president of the organization there 
were volunteers as follows in each of the schools in the Brotherhood: 

For. Gen. Total 

Daleville, .. 8 8 

Bridgewater, 14 9 23 

Hebron Seminary, 2 16 18 

Blue Ridge, 1 14 15 

Elizabethtown, 8 31 39 

Juniata, .'. 1 14 15 

Manchester, 45 59 104 

Bethany, 40 60 100 

Mt. Morris, 11 23 34 

McPherson, 13 28 41 

Lordsburg, 7 9 16 

Totals, 142 271 413 

Two visits were made to the schools during the past winter, largely in the interest 
of Student Volunteers. Bro. Merlin Miller, traveling secretary, visited all save Lords- 
burg. Bro. F. H. Crumpacker conducted services at each college and came into close 
touch with the student bodies and the Volunteer Bands. The Board believes that its 
interests and those of our volunteers are the same, and hence desires to cooperate 
with them and to foster the closest relations. Bro. Floyd M. Irvin, North Man- 
chester, Ind., is president of the organization, and Sister Anna Beahm, North Manches- 
ter, is secretary. 


In accordance with the authority of Conference, granted at Winona Lake in 
June, 1916, the Brethren Publishing House during the year was organized into a sep- 
arate corporation. Nothing appears therefore in this report regarding that corporation 
other than a record in the financial statement of the money which has been turned 
over to the Board. The directorate of the new corporation is the same as the per- 
sonnel of the General Mission Board, retaining the same president, vice-president and 

Annual Report 



In the following pages we are pleased to have the missionaries on the fields report 
their own victories in the Master's name. We are sure that these workers along with 
the Board are united in their appreciation of the membership on the home base, whose 
support has rendered this work possible. 


Nothing has come to us definitely for this report from our Denmark field. Den- 
mark is located in close proximity to the scenes of fighting in Europe, and as a con- 
sequence mails with us have been interrupted and mission work in the last part of the 
year has not advanced in any appreciable manner. Brother and Sister A. F. Wine have 
been busily engaged in the work, but Sister Wine has had poor health possibly 
throughout the year. We regret also to report that in January Bro. Wine suffered 
from a nervous breakdown and since that time has been unable to do any mental 
work. At the time of writing this we learn that he feels he is improving, but it is 
a slow, hard pull for him. The prayers of the church should ascend for Brother and 
Sister Wine at this time, and also for our workers in Sweden, all so near to the 
most tremendous and bloody conflict of history. 

Children at Their Play, Malmb, Sweden 


Very likely owing to the delay in mails and the uncertainties caused by the war in 
Europe, we have received no material from our Swedish field, written especially for 
this report. We give herewith a tabular statement of the membership, etc., of the 
Swedish field, and also glean several paragraphs from the report of Bro. J. F. Gray- 
bill, to the General Mission Board: 

" We are certainly living in perilous times. The enemy of all righteousness knows 
that his time is short, and therefore exerts, so to speak, all his energy. We are 
thankful for what little we have been able to accomplish, by the grace of our Father. 
Death has claimed a number of our aged members during the year and the rank has not 
been supplied by new recruits. 


Annual Report 

" The work at Simrishamn has taken on new life. The great disadvantage is that 
this church has no resident shepherd. Services once a month is not a practical way 
to build up a work. This is what we have had the past years. The District Board had 
sent Bro. Ohlsson from Tingsyrd to this place for a series of meetings. They greatly 
appreciated his services and asked if it were not possible to have him stationed 
at Simrishamn." (The General Mission Board has acted on such a request from Swe- 
den and granted its request for Bro. Ohlsson to be located at Simrishamn. — Editor.) 

" We have been encouraged by the interest manifest in our work during the win- 
ter. There are those who are counting the cost. 

" There is a desire for a larger and better place for worship. We need it, but where 
to find it is the question. 

" This has been the severest winter experienced for a number of years. For over 
fifty years the thermometer has not registered such a continual temperature as 
this winter. There is much suffering among the poorer class for lack of fuel, clothes and 

"This year our District Meeting convened at Vannaberga. The churches in 
Southern Sweden were well represented. Eight delegates were present and the work 
passed off very nicely. The greater part of the work was the reading of reports and 
election of committees. 

" For our stewardship we will some day have to give account. May the balance be 
in our favor. If the reward will be according to what we have accomplished it will 
certainly be meager, but the Lord of the harvest goes farther and takes into account 
our labors, our anxious desires, tears and prayers." 

In addition to what Bro. Graybill has thus written we wish to bear testimony to 
the work which he with his good wife and Sister Buckingham are doing. He is badly 
in need of a churchhouse for his labors in Malmo. Our workers have succeeded in 
enlisting the interest of a number of fine people in -Sweden and everything points to 
progress in that field. War conditions of course have naturally had a debilitating 
effect on the efforts of the mission. One cannot tell what a day may bring forth in 
the world at this time. 


a ft 

3! > 
© I o 
O 1 ^ 




Kjavlinge . 
Stockholm . 

| 2| 1| 3|185| 88|54|70|25| 637| 4| 2| 3| 1| II.. 
J 1| 2| 3|276| 41|..|..|..| 618| 4| 2|..l 1| 1| 1 
,| 1|..|..|200| 19|..|..|..| 156| 3| 1| 2..|..|15 


Kr. 545, 

Kr. 447, 

Kr. 109, 

Kr. 91, 

Kr. 29, 

Total, ...| 4| 3| 6|701|148|54|70|25|1411|15| 6| 5| 2| 4|26|24|10| 5| 9|140|Kr. 1224,47 

Malmo, Sweden, Feb. 23, 1917. 

J. F. Grabill. 

Annual Report 15 


Another year has passed, and as we look back over the record there is much cause 
for rejoicing. Fully organized Sunday-schools were opened at both stations the first 
of the year. In the summer a Sunday-school was also opened at Le P'ing, one of the 
out-stations. During the year two new out-stations were opened and two others 
planned for. There were seventy-six natives added to our churches. Two foreign 
children were baptized and we received five from America by letter. Four out of the 
five out-stations, open at the time of the fall baptisms, were represented in the increase. 

The early part of the year Eld. F. H. Crumpacker and family left us for their 
furlough in America. The mission, and especially the Ping Ting Hsien station, has 
missed them very much, but while they were missed here they have been able to help 
the China Mission by the work in the homeland. 

Our foreign force was increased by the coming of Sisters Rider and Senger the 
early part of the year, and by Eld. I. E. Oberholtzer and wife and Sister Shock in 
the fall. We are thankful for all these workers and we pray that the Lord will lay 
it on the hearts of more of our young men to come to this field of opportunity. 

At Ping Ting Hsien the East Suburb Compound wall was completed. At Liao the 
East Suburb Compound wall was built. Hospital buildings were begun at both sta~ 
tions and some buildings for industrial work were built at Ping Ting. 

There was more serious illness in our mission family than usual. Jan. 17 Cathryn 
Bright died after a short illness with scarlet fever. Feb. 7 Mrs. Crumpacker was 
operated on for appendicitis at Shanghai. Mrs. Vaniman and Mrs. Flory had serious 
operations in December. Edna Pearl Vaniman was sick during June with dysentery. 
One happy event of the year was the coming of Carol Ernest Vaniman on March 21. 

While our report looks encouraging, there are discouraging features. Sometimes 
our native brethren disappoint us, but when we think how young they are we cannot 
but be thankful that they have done as well as they have. 

We present herewith the report of the work for the year 1916. May the Lord 
be pleased with what has been done. 

Fred J. Wampler, M. D. 

Ping Ting Hsien 

Medical Work for 1916 

The year has been one of advancement in all lines. Our staff has been increased, 
by the coming of Miss Bessie Rider, R. N., from America, and Miss Chang, a graduate 
Chinese nurse, from Pao Ting Fu. We also had the assistance during the summer 
vacation of Feng Hsiu Lin, a senior medical student in the Union Medical College 
at Peking. In September Miss Rider went to Peking to enjoy the benefits of the 
Language School. 

Our increase in a material way also has been encouraging. The General Mission 
Board has now granted us $7,000 for the erection of the administration building and 
operating pavilion. Bro. H. M. Miller, an architect of Roanoke, Va., has kindly do- 
nated his services as architect for the hospital. Some of the side buildings have already 
been built and the foundation for the administration building has been begun. 

The calls at the Women's Dispensary have increased very markedly over 1915 and 
the in-patients in the Women's Hospital during 1916 were more than double the number 
in 1915. 

But there are still many sick people who will not come because they are afraid 
of the foreigner. People in America cannot appreciate how deeply rooted is the Chinese 
hatred for all things foreign. To keep up this fear all kinds of stories are circulated 
among the people. The following is a result of such a report: 


Annual Report 

Entrance to New Hospital Compound, 
Ping Ting 

One Sunday afternoon in November 
a man came into the dispensary yard of 
the Men's Hospital and unwrapped a 
human heart, human eyes, oil rendered 
from human fat, and the ashes of human 
bones. His purpose was to sell these 
things as he understood the foreigners 
used them to make medicine. Some one 
had told him we would sUrely give him 
ten tiao, about $5 gold, if he would bring 
them to us. 

In addition to work with the Chinese 
we often have the opportunity of assisting 
foreign friends, both within and without 
our own mission. We have had more 
sickness this year at our station than other 
years since I have been here. The early 
part of the year Mrs. Crumpacker was 
operated on at Shanghai for appendicitis. 
Little Edna Vaniman was sick with dys- 
entery one month during the summer, and 
Mrs. Vaniman was seriously ill in De- 
cember. Miss Metzger had much trouble 
with one of her hands, but that, too, is well again. The health of the rest of the work- 
ers at the station was fairly good. Mrs. Hermann, of the China Inland Mission at 
Huai Lu, was seriously ill at our home here for one month during the latter part 
of the summer. 

We were very thankful to have the professional advice of Dr. Hemingway, of 
the American Board Mission at T'aiku, in one of our cases during the year. Dr. Hem- 
ingway is one of our nearest missionary neighbors and it was he who rendered most 
of the professional services to our missionaries before we had physicians on the field. 
In addition to the more than 100 visits to out-patients about Ping Ting Hsien, 
we made a professional trip to Shanghai, one to T'aiku, and two to Liao Chou. 

Pray for the work, that all the people who take part in this line of service may 
do their medical work well and also be able to point many to the Master Phy- 
sician, Whose grace 
abounds unto salvation. 
Out-station Work at 
Ping Ting Hsien 
At the close of the 
year we had four out- 
stations with schools at 
two of them. One of 
these out-stations was 
opened shortly before 
the year closed. At two 
of these out-stations we 
have enough native 
Christians t o organize 
them into local churches, 
but this we are not 
planning to do just yet. 
At all of the four-out- 
stations we have in- 
quirers. staff at Men's Hospital, Ping Ting Hsien 

Annual Report 17 

Properly to look after these stations would take the greater part of one man's 
time, but this I have not been able to give. With the help of Bro. Vaniman I have 
done the best I could. 

At the out-stations we need to depend upon our native brethren for most of the 
work, and at times they are not equal to the trust, but when all things are considered, 
they do remarkably well. These men, being the lone lights in their communities, need 
your prayers. Will you pray for them? 


The year has been a busy one, with doing bookkeeping work for station and 
mission, looking after the evangelistic work in the Women's Hospital, and studying 
the language, in addition to overseeing the household work of the home. In the 
evangelistic work in the Women's Hospital, Mrs. Chai, a native Christian, helped 
during the early part of the year, and Miss Chang, the Chinese graduate nurse, has 
done some good personal work the latter part of the year. Mrs. Tou, the gatekeeper, 
and an earnest Christian woman, made herself generally useful and was always eager 
to tell what Jesus had done for her. 

The greater part of the year I enjoyed teaching a Bible class of women for an 
hour each Thursday, and all the year I have had these same women in a Sunday-school 
class each Sunday. 

As we work and pray, we get anxious to see results, but we must remember that 
this does not belong to us. It is for us to do the sowing and He will give the increase. 
Pray that the sowing may be done faithfully and that in due time the harvest will be 
reaped to the glory of God in this part of China. 

Evangelistic — Men's City 

When our pioneer missionary, Eld. F. H. Crumpacker, went home on furlough at 
the beginning of the year, it was necessary for others to take charge of his special 
line of work. This was divided. Dr. Wampler was given charge of the out-station 
evangelistic work and I, that of the city of Ping Ting Hsien. 

The church membership having increased more than 100 per cent during the 
year 1915, the problems and responsibilities were increased accordingly. Therefore, 
our best equipped native helper, Bro. H. C. Yin, of the Boys' School, was appointed 
to use his full time in pastoral work. He has worked faithfully and well, though at 
times he found the work rather discouraging. 

A Sunday-school for all was organized the first of the year, with Dr. Wampler 
as superintendent. The Boys' and Girls' Schools have their own departments and their 
own closing exercises. All are together for the opening exercises. The boys and 
girls march to and from the church in double file, the smallest first. It sounds and looks 
good to see them going from the church to their respective school buildings as all 
sing, " Onward, Christian Soldiers." The time for Sunday-school is from 12 M. to 
1 P. M., following the preaching service which begins at 11 A. M. The average attend- 
ance for the year was 195. The largest attendance was 289, on June 4. 

A street chapel was opened on main street in April, and has had an average daily 
attendance of about fifteen. A number of Christian papers and a daily paper are fur- 
nished for public use. Several inquirers have come through this avenue. 

The efforts of the year bore fruit, as was shown by the interest in the ten days of 
doctrinal teaching and the receiving into the church on the morning of Nov. 18 of 
fifty-three applicants. Eighteen of these were from the out-stations and thirty-five 
from in and about Ping Ting. Nine of these latter were women — four schoolgirls and 
five married women. On the evening of this memorable day 131 members com- 


Annual Report 

muned, 124 of these being native Christians. A daily Bible study class preceded and 
followed this joyous event. There are now some twenty inquirers and the number 
continues to grow. Pray that these followers of the Master may rely upon His 
strength to overcome their many temptations, and that we may be given wisdom and 
strength to teach the eternal truths for His honor and glory. 

Half of the Ancestral Tablets in One Temple in Ping Ting Hsien. Notice the 

Large Incense Urns 

Ping Ting Hsien Boys' School and Orphanage 
Bang! Bang! comes the sound of firecrackers, reminding one of the Fourth of 
July morning in the States. It is the first day of the Chinese New Year. School 
has closed for the year 1915 and now there is three weeks' vacation, from Jan. 29 to 
Feb. 22, when the school year for 1916 begins. The seventy pupils, with but few 
exceptions, have passed their final examinations and will be back when school opens 
ready for another year's work. 

With the opening of school, Mr. Cheng is head teacher instead of Bro. Yin, who 
now does pastoral work. There are three other Chinese teachers besides Bro. Vaniman, 
who superintends and teaches English and music. Then there is the steward, who 
does all the buying and keeping of accounts; the cook and his assistant, who prepare 
the three meals a day for seventy hungry boys to eat with their chopsticks, and the 
washerman, who washes for the smaller orphan boys, cleans the lamps, etc. Seven 
of the orphan boys carry water for the kitchen from a city well; others sweep, tend 
fires, wash dishes, etc. 

Every morning at 6 o'clock the big bell in the belfry rings for all to get up, wash 
their faces and be ready to study in the big room upstairs from 6: 30 to 7: 30. During 
this hour the room is like a beehive, for most of them study aloud. They are not 
allowed to study aloud during the day. At 7:30 all go to breakfast, where all stand 
and sing verse one of, " Guide me, O Thou great Jehovah," instead of any one person 
giving thanks. At 8:30 is chapel; then classes from 9 to 12, and 2 to 4. From 7 to 8 
is another study hour, and at 9 the bell rings for all to go to bed. Thus it goes from 
Monday morning till Saturday noon. Saturday afternoon all must bathe and get 
ready for Sunday. On each Wednesday evening eighteen of the twenty-four orphan 

Annual Report 19 

boys wash their clothes, and on Thursday evening they iron them. There are exam- 
inations every month, besides the half-year examinations. 

Besides the regular work each boy was given a garden plot, 10x10 feet, to tend 
during the spring and summer. Many raised corn, others tomatoes, beets, onions, 
flowers, etc. Some of them did well, others not so well. An industrial building, 
11x40 feet, was built during the year. Three cloth-weaving looms have been bought 
and in 1917 we hope to do some weaving and cabinet work. These boys play as ear- 
nestly as American boys. A swing some fifteen feet high was put up, and they like 
to see who can swing the highest. They run races, jump, fly kites and play ball a 
little. On October 10, the Independence Day of China, we had a program in the 
morning and there were games and contests the rest of the day. 

The summer vacation was from June 23 to Sept. 4. When school closed for the 
vacation Mr. Cheng left us, so we invited a Mr. Li from Peking, to be the head teacher, 
at $20 Mex. (about $12 gold) per month. He is a college graduate with eight years' 
teaching experience, is an earnest Christian, a good teacher, and we all like him very 

The boys are all hearty. There has been very little sickness this year. Fifteen 
schoolboys were baptized this last November. Five were from our out-station school at 
Le Ping. This makes a total of forty schoolboys received into the church, more than 
one-fourth the total membership. Fourteen of the larger boys are in a Sunday-school 
teacher training class and teach the smaller boys the Sunday-school lesson. The 
general deportment is good. We think they are a pretty good lot of boys. Pray 
that they may be true lights for Him in this idol-darkened land. 

Women's Work in Ping Ting Hsien 

." The vision the heart sees is the pattern that God works by." We know the 
great need of these neglected women and we do have visions and plans for helping 
them, but I wonder if they are large enough to fit God's great pattern for them. This 
year we see some development in this work, but we long to see our visions more fully 

Previously most of our work was done in the homes, because the women were 
not interested enough to come to regular classes. But all this year we have had a 
good Thursday class, preceding the regular Thursday devotional meeting. At this 
class they are taught to read the Bible and sing hymns. 

Greatly feeling the need of a trained Bible woman for the work here, we selected 
Mrs. Chang, one of our most promising women, to prepare for this work. In Sep- 
tember we sent her to a Bible school for a year's training. When Mrs. Chang went 
away to school a number of others also wanted to go, but of course we could not 
send so many. But seeing they really wanted to study the Bible every day we decided 
to open daily classes for them and see what they could do. 

September 18 we opened this school, and in these four months fourteen have been 
in attendance, with an average of about ten. Those living at a distance bring their 
children and live at the school, paying their board. They sew in the afternoon and 
prepare their lessons in the evenings. Mr. Liu, a Chinese teacher, helps in the teaching 
each day. They also have lectures several times a week given by various workers. 
These lectures teach them how to care for their children and their homes, and with 
it all how to live the true Christian life. 

We have a small kindergarten in connection with the school for the children. 
Having no trained kindergarten teacher we do not want to take in too many at present. 
We very much need a native trained teacher for this work. These people know very 
little about teaching children. But there are few kindergarten teachers in this country, 
so we will perhaps have to wait a number of years till we can have one of our own 
schoolgirls to train. 


Annual Report 


Wm^m f % * l : ut 


' ^ 1 - 

jP^^MK, •», -, A 

III '- - ' * 

HET/ %W 

p- ; :5 r Ti ::f ^. 

^.''V ^"' 

> h| 

. ^fH* 

v - jp 

- M, ■ - . ' 

Women's Bible School at Ping: Ting: Hsien 

There are some two hundred homes open to us in the city. Sister Blough, myself 
and two Chinese sisters teach and visit in these homes. Some of the women are grow- 
ing more interested, while others are growing more indifferent. Thus time will tell 
who are the chosen ones. 

Four have been baptized this year. Three of these have been in school these 
four months and the fourth was in one month, but because of sickness in the family 
she found it necessary to leave school. We hope to have all of our sisters in* this 
school for training and as many others as are willing to come. 

By your prayers we hope to bring these benighted women to the light, for we can 
do nothing of ourselves. " Not by power, nor by might, but by My Spirit, saith the 
Lord of hosts." 

Ping Ting Hsien Girls' School for 1916 

The Girls' School of Ping Ting Hsien has finished another year's work. The last 
semester has not yet closed, for it begins in September and closes at the Chinese 
New Year, which comes the last of January or the first of February. The other semes- 
ter is from this holiday to the middle of June. 

The total enrollment for the year has been twenty-six. There is always a weeding 
out and adding to, so that the number has never been more than twenty-three at any 
one time. 

Mrs. Wang, the new teacher, has been doing splendidly. She enjoys teaching 
the girls many useful lessons not found in their textbooks. Miss Chang, the Chinese 
nurse, came twice a week during the lest semester and gave hygiene talks, which were 
very helpful. 

Early in the year we had a course in measles. The teacher and four of the 
pupils were out of school a month, while several others were out with chickenpox. 

In February the school was moved into the new buildings, which we so much 
appreciate. The classrooms have added much to the teaching opportunities. The dor- 
mitories have made it possible to have an evening study period. The janitor work, 
except attending to the fires, is done by the girls. Each one has a daily chore. 

In November four of the girls were baptized. From that day on the spiritual 
atmosphere has been much better and we believe others are being drawn nearer to 
Him. May the Word of God become very precious to these little ones. 

Annual Report 21 

Women's Work in Country Districts 

In the Ping Ting Hsien church there are forty-nine members, representing thirty- 
five homes from twenty towns and villages in the outlying territory of the district. 
Of this number of people, with the exception of one widow and two schoolgirls, 
all are men and boys. Aside from these there are a number of other homes, whose 
fathers and sons are earnestly seeking the Truth, but whose mothers and daughters 
have received but little of the light. 

Another class of homes are those where some member of the family has come to 
the hospital, and while being treated for sickness has heard the Gospel. It has been to 
the wives, mothers, sisters, daughters, and friends of these that my attention has 
been more directly turned the past year. 

Eighteen towns and villages were visited from one to four times, ranging in 
time from one day to two weeks. The many kind receptions and open hearts have 
often given evidence that the Lord has gone before to prepare the way for the 
Gospel Message. It has been but the beginning of a work among these women — a 
work that promises great things for the future. Services were held at different places 
with appreciative audiences. A number of women have been inspired with a desire 
to know Christ and are making an attempt at reading and singing hymns. We pray 
that the day may speedily come when not only these, but all the families of the 
land, shall turn to the Lord and He shall reign in hearts and homes supreme. 

Work for the Year 1916 

During the last year three suits and three pairs of socks have been made for 
each of the orphan boys. Aside from this their wadded winter clothes were washed 
and remade. This is a task which must be done each year. The Chinese wait 
till time to put them on the next fall before they get them ready for the next winter's 
wear. But as soon as our boys take them off in the spring we begin work on them. 

The older boys rip and wash their own, while the washerman for the school 
washes the smaller boys' suits. Then we call in four or five sewing women to remake 
them, wadding them with cotton much the same as we do our comforters, and then 
quilting them. Last spring it took about five weeks to get them in shape again. 
The women think it very strange and can't get through talking about getting the clothes 
ready in the spring that we do not expect to use until winter. I tell them if I didn't 
get them ready early I would be like the man who had a house with no roof; 
when the sun shone he didn't need it and when it rained he couldn't put it on. These 
people know nothing of the joy of getting these things done and out of the way 
ahead of time. 

The clothing is all cut here at our home. Then we hire it sewed at the rate of 
about 10 cents gold for a suit and 5 cents gold for a pair of socks. This gives em- 
ployment for a number of needy women, of whom there are not a few. Then I keep 
a woman busy most of the time here at the house doing the mending for the boys. 
We have also remade some of the bedding during the year. Eighteen of our orphan 
boys do their own washing. The school washerman washes for the others. 

I have found the class, which I conducted with the women in the Woman's School 
once each week for four months, to be very interesting. We discussed such sub- 
jects as, " The body and its care," " Ventilation," " Sanitation," " The fly and mos- 
quito," " The care of the child, feeding, bathing, etc.," " The mother's influence over 
the child by example and training," and such similar topics. The women showed a 
great interest and often listened to the discussions with tears in their eyes. They 
seemed so grateful for what we tried to teach them, and often expressed themselves 
so. It is a real joy to get a number of mothers together and discuss some of these 
things. Their ideals are so different, and their knowledge of the proper care of 

22 Annual Report 

children so meager that we can only hope to see them little by little apply the teaching 
which they receive. 

We have had some sickness in our home during the year, our little Edna Pearl 
being seriously ill with dysentery all through the month of June. But the Father has 
been very good, and now we are all well. The most joyous event of the year for us 
was the arrival of our little Carol Ernest, " adding happiness," as his Chinese name 

First Impressions of the Ping Ting Chou Mission Station 

After three months of language study here at Peking, we were very anxious to go 
five hundred miles inland to meet our senior missionaries, see our future home, and 
form an acquaintance with the work there. The Christmas vacation afforded us such 
an opportunity. 

Ping Ting Chou is situated in a beautiful mountain valley. It has the crowded 
housing, narrow streets, filth, squalor, and poverty characteristic of Chinese village 
life. Ignorance and superstition, misery and wretchedness are everywhere in evidence. 
But the city has one bright spot that stands forth like a beacon light at sea, or a green 
oasis in the midst of a desert country. It is the mission compound, located at the north- 
east end of the city, just inside the city wall. In it are built the " women's home," 
the girls' school, the boys' school, and the beautiful large church-building. Near by, 
just outside the city wall, is the hospital compound. One-half of the land has been 
set apart for future missionary dwellings. The other half will contain the hospital 
buildings, some of which are in process of erection. All these have been built after 
one controlling aim — that of establishing a far-reaching and permanent work for the 
church, and hastening the coming of the kingdom of God in China. 

We feel that the work has been thoughtfully planned. It is no experiment. It is the 
nucleus, foundation, and prophecy of a larger and more permanent enterprise that is 
to be the controlling force among those people. The hospital will make the lame to 
walk. The schools will give new vision to the young who shall give shape to the 
home and society amid a Christian atmosphere. Already the church has a large mem- 
bership, many of whom are good, stable Christians. She will continue to break down 
old customs and superstitions, creating new ideals, and moulding the moral and re- 
ligious thinking of the generations yet to be. May the Lord continue to send forth 
means and laborers for this work. 

Peking, China. 

Method of Studying Chinese at the Language School in Peking 

Many of our readers have been hearing about the language school at Peking. I 
wish to give a brief account of the method of study used here. The director of the 
school is a missionary of experience, who has specialized in language study. Mr. 
Chin, the Chinese principal, and his six helpers, together with thirty-two private 
teachers, constitute the faculty. 

The direct method, getting the words and meaning in Chinese, is used from the 
first, rather than learning to read and to v commit characters. The first simple English 
sentence is placed before the class and Mr. Chin reads it in Chinese several times; 
then the entire class reads it with him. This is done a number of times during the 
period. After the first period the large class separates, half going to small group 
classes and half to private teachers. The same process is gone over again and again in 
the groups and with private teachers until the sentence is committed. John 4, because 
of its clear and simple language, is the first text used. After a few weeks the first 
reading lesson in the Chinese primer is taught, and a week or two later the first char- 
acter writing is introduced. During the first term many words from the New Testa- 
ment and primer are taught. 

In the second term compositions, short talks, and more character writing are re- 

Annual Report 23 

Quired. The third term offers courses to ministers, teachers, doctors and nurses in 
their special lines of work. Throughout the year conversation is kept in the fore- 
ground and emphasized as being of the greatest importance. After three terms at the 
language school the student has a good start in the language and is able to direct 
his future study. 

A Few Facts About Peking 

This great oriental capital stands on a site which has served since twelve hundred 
years before the birth of Christ for many a former capital when China was one of 
the most important, if not the most advanced nation on the face of the globe. 

Peking is composed of four divisions — the Tartar City, Imperial City, Forbidden 
City, and the Chinese City. The Tartar City may be considered as the former royal 
city, when under the rule of the Tartars; and is therefore of much greater importance 
than the adjoining Chinese City common to every province of the empire. The Tar- 
tar City forms practically the main part of Peking, and is surrounded by a wall forty 
feet high, sixty-two feet wide at the base, and about thirteen English miles in length. 
The main thoroughfares of the Tartar City are wide, and run from north to south 
and from east to west. 

In the center of the Tartar City lies the Imperial City. This occupies a space area 
of nearly two square miles, and is surrounded by a wall twenty feet in height. This is 
the select quarter of Peking, in which many of the high officials live. 

Again, in the center of the Imperial City lies the Forbidden City, which is enclosed 
within a massive pink washed wall, thirty feet high and thirty feet thick at the base. 
Within are many royal palaces, government offices, etc. The grounds are beautifully 
laid out in marble terraces protected by balustrades with ornamental waters and gar- 
dens in miniature landscape style. 

South of the Tartar City is the Chinese City, the wall on the southern boundary 
of the Tartar City forming its northern border. Probably the feature of chief interest 
in the Chinese City is the great Ch'ien Men Street, which is the main thoroughfare, 
running in a southerly direction from the Imperial Gateway in the Tartar City wall. 
Toward the end of this street are the parklike enclosures of the Temple of Heaven. 

Peking as a whole contains a number of features of unusual interest, both his- 
torical and otherwise, and to those of us who are in language study it is profitable 
not only from the standpoint of acquiring the language, but also as a general educa- 
tor in imparting to us knowledge of historical value and helping us to better under- 
stand the workings of the people of this great nation. 

Liao Chou 

Medical Work, 1916 
Work on the Hiel Hamilton Memorial Hospital was begun the latter part of 
August and was continued till October 11, when the work was stopped for the winter. 
At present the walls of the main building and the double corridor are about eight 
feet above the ground level. This main building is to be a two-story brick structure 
with a double corridor leading from the first and second floors to the pavilions or 
wards, which are to be built in pairs to the rear of the main building. The main build- 
ing, which will contain the offices, chapels, dispensaries, operating room, reading rooms, 
rooms for nurses and student nurses, drug rooms, laboratories, furnace, kitchen and 
dining-rooms, is 100x35 feet, two-story building with a basement under three-fourths 
of it. The east end is for women and children exclusively, while the west end is 
for men. There is to be no connection whatever between the two parts, the men's 
and women's hospitals, except through locked doors. We hope to have this building 
and one or two wards completed ready for occupancy by November, 1917, but at the 


Annual Report 

present gold is at such a low rate that we may be compelled to defer the completion 
till later. 

Dr. Brubaker and family spent three months away from the station during the 
summer months; most of the time being spent at Pei Tai Ho. We enjoyed the rest 
very much and trust that we shall be worth more to the work than before. 

A Chinese Hearse 

The bearers are having a lunch along the way. This hearse requires 
about thirty-two men to carry it 

Mr. Tuan, our Chinese nurse, has been very faithful and is interested in the work 
and is doing his part to build it up. Mr. Yuan, whom we are supporting in medical 
college at Peking, is doing nicely and we hope to have him with us at Liao during 
the summer vacation next summer. Bro. Jung, who is in a nurses' training school at 
Te Chou, is also doing finely and no doubt will be an honor to the work when he 
comes back to us in three or four years. Mr. Yuan expects to graduate in the spring 
of 1918. 

The hospital is being built, one male Chinese nurse is on the job, another is in 
training, a promising young Chinese man is in medical college, expecting to work for us 
as soon as he has completed his course, we have a good hospital evangelist in the 
person of Bro. Chang. We are indeed most thankful for all these, but a letter from 
Bro. Crumpacker, who is home on furlough, says that the prospects for a graduate 
nurse to come out next fall for Liao is everything but promising. Can it be that we 
must wait another year before some sister will be coming, and then still another year 
before she has the language sufficiently at her command so she can begin work? 
We need YOU now! 


Calls at the dispensaries, 5,636 

(representing 1,352 people) 

Operations without anaesthetic, , 104 

Operations with local anaesthetic, 21 

Operations with general anaesthetic, 25 

In-patients, •• 76 

Fees and gifts from the Chinese, $75.00 Mex. 

Out-calls, 8 

Obstetrical calls 

Patients seen on itinerating trips, 324 

Opium patients at out-station refuges, 23 

Professional service to foreigners aside from our own mission, 31 

Annual Report 25 

Jan. 27 our hearts were saddened by the passing of six-year-old Cathryn Bright 
to the glory world. Her death was caused by a very malignant form of scarlet fever. 
This is the second child Brother and Sister Bright have given up to the Master since 
in China, and our hearts go out in sympathy to them. Mrs. Flory has recently under- 
gone a rather critical operation, but at present is about normal again. Our two babies, 
H. Calvin Bright and Winifred E. Brubaker, have had a few tussles with disease, but 
at this time are well and happy. Aside from these the station family has for the most 
part been fairly well. 

Woman's Work for 1916 

During the year we have had as helpers in this line of our work Mrs. Li, a woman 
of fifty-one years, from a neighboring province, who had had some learning but no 
knowledge of the Bible. She came to us three years ago, first as teacher in the 
Girls' School, and later as helper in the women's work. She readily responded to 
the Bible teaching, and during her second year here united with the church. Since 
then she has proved her worthiness in faithful service and has shown a marked 
growth in the spirit of the Gospel, which "we believe has entered her heart to stay. 
During the first three months Mrs. Liu, a native of Liao Chou, also assisted in the 
work, largely as companion to the writer in going into the homes, but in April she 
was relieved of work on account of sickness, shortly after which she passed from our 
midst, we trust to the glory home. To our knowledge, hers was the first home in 
Liao to take down their idol gods, and in the fall of 1915 she united with the church. 
She was a woman of fine character and loving disposition, and often the writer 
heard her testify of her new-found Savior and of the falsity of their idol gods. On 
her giving up the work another native Christian, Mrs. Yin, took her place and has done 
well for one so recently from heathendom. She has learned to read since we have 
been here, and is now reading the Gospels. 

During the past year, by the assistance of these native helpers, we have been 
enabled to help about thirty native women to make some progress in reading; have 
made almost a complete canvass of the city and have made trips out to ten different 
villages, besides some special teaching and the keeping up of the regular Sunday and 
Wednesday services. In the Sunday-school Sister Bright has had charge of the 
woman's class, and in her own characteristic sweet way has given them many beau- 
tiful lessons of Christian teaching and helpfulness. 

At the close of the year the women reading numbered thirty-five. New ones 
have been added from time to time throughout the year, while others for various 
reasons have dropped out from the list of readers. Several by this time have completed 
the reading course sufficiently to begin in the Gospels. One is already reading the 
second Gospel, and some are now able to use their song books during song service. 

Within the year three women and one schoolgirl were baptized. These, together 
with those baptized the previous year, make our membership of native sisters at 
Liao Chou ten, including the three schoolgirls. 

During the year the Sunday afternoon services and the Wednesday Bible class 
have been continued. The attendance at these services has not been what we would 
like to have seen, but we have been glad for the faithful attendance of our native sisters, 
who have missed but few services at either chapel throughout the year. And at 
times there has been fair attendance by outsiders. But we still find that our only 
resource to meet the great majority of the women is by personal visits and teaching 
in their homes. At the beginning of the year we felt that we had been in the city 
long enough and were sufficiently known by the people to be justified in making 
ventures into new homes without previous invitation or opening. Thus we have been 
enabled throughout the year to make almost a complete canvass of the city and have 
kept a systematic record of all the homes visited, their name, street, people in the home, 
standing of the people morally and financially, their attitude to us and to the doc' 


Annual Report 

trine, and other items of information that may be helpful in our endeavors to reach 
them with the Gospel. 

In practically all these homes we have visited we have aimed to bring to them 
some of the first truths of Christianity. Here and there we found those neither 
friendly to us nor willing to hear our message, some not even admitting us to their 
homes. But the great majority have welcomed us and seemed interested in our teach- 
ing. Yet we realize that really to bring them to the light and lead them to give up 
their false gods and age-long superstitions will mean nothing .less than a long, 
patient, constant pull through the enabling and convicting power of the Holy Spirit. 

While making this canvass of the city we realize we have not been enabled to cen- 
tralize our efforts, for the time being, as we would like, but we believe it will enable 
us in the future, if we are spared to the work, to centralize on the most likely material, 
and having some knowledge of our material will help us the better to adapt our 
teaching. We regret just at this time to have to give up our work in this department 
for several years, but Sister Cripe going home on furlough this spring the school work 
will fall to our lot, and by another year our own furlough will be due. But He Who 
holds all our work and our lives in His hands will direct all to His glory while we 
yield ourselves to His leading. His will only be done and His glory ever be our aim. 

January 8, 1917. 

Boys' School, 1916 

This is the first year of school in the new school-building. During the summer 
vacation the painting and carpenter work were finished. We wondered how the boys 
would keep their rooms, having wooden floors, but all seemed to take pride in 
their new homes, taking extra pains to keep the floors clean and the rooms tidy. 

During the first term there was an enrollment of fifty. Needed equipment was 
added during the term, as desks, tables, benches, beds, etc. That used in our former 
close quarters did not nearly meet our needs, and we now wonder how we managed 
our school in our former rooms. 

School was closed a few weeks early to permit of the teachers and some of the 
pupils attending our mission meeting at Ping Ting Hsien the first week of June. The 
boys were delighted in the trip and the meetings, as it was their first journey of any dis- 
tance from home. 

During the summer some of the boys put out some vegetables in the school court. 
The fore part of the season had been dry, but the fall rains gave their crop a fine 
showing and those that had an interest in it spoke with pride of their harvest. Some 
also helped in the whitewashing of the walls, the painting of the floors and the general 
cleaning preparatory to the fall opening. Tact and pains are needed in planning so 
that our boys may not look lightly on labor. Mission schools are doing no small 
service to China in this one feature alone — that of dignifying labor. 

The Schoolboys at Their Exercise, IAao Chou 

Annual Report 27 

Several changes were made in the teachers during the summer vacation, and a 
steward was added. The latter relieves the teachers of many little cares, and helps 
much in training the boys in regular habits. His presence with them has raised the 
standard of their deportment. 

For the second or fall term there were sixty boys in attendance. Several were from 
China Inland Mission Christian homes and one from a " faith " mission. Another 
came from an English Methodist Mission home over in Shantung, through a friend 
working here in the city. 

Possibly the greatest event of the year is the Christmas holiday. The boys pre- 
pared essays, recitations, and songs to express their joy and thanksgiving. The 
program they gave was very well rendered, and afterwards each one received a 
muffler or a 'kerchief and a few nuts and sweets. On Christmas morning they joined 
in helping distribute to the poor the gifts that had been prepared by our little church. 
Some told how Christmas was observed in other countries, and others how observed 
in other places in China. Another unique feature was their coming at break of day 
to our homes and singing a Christmas carol. 

Two of the boys were baptized during the year. Others are hindered by their 
home folks. Eight of the schoolboys are Christians, two of them being members 
of the C. I. M. Four of these are teaching classes of boys in the Sunday-school. 

A day school has been in progress during the year at Ho Shun, with an enrollment 
of sixteen. A local teacher was secured to teach the classics, and the lay evangelist 
teaches the Bible and the western branches, also conducting daily prayers. At the 
close of the year two day schools were arranged for at Yu She and Ch'ang Chuang. 
At the former place seven boys were reading before the school had been opened. 

Many homes think they cannot spare their boys long from the earning staff, 
and for that cause we cannot expect to have most of them in school for more than 
a few years. May the Father give Us visions of the present opportunity, that the most 
may be done by them! 


Men's Evangelistic Work for 1916 

The evangelistic work during the year has moved steadily forward. Bro. Bright 
for the most part has had charge of this work during the year. And although he had a 
great deal of other work as station treasurer, as manager of the boys' school, his duties 
were faithfully attended to and brought forth results which are very encouraging. 

At the beginning of the year Chiang Yii Ts'ang was placed in charge of the out- 
station at He Shen. 

About April 1 work was opened at Yii She. Chiang Tsung Li was placed in charge 
of the evangelistic work, and Ma Shu Ch'eng from So Fang in charge of the opium work. 

March 1 village work, consisting of preaching and distribution of tracts, was 
begun. R. C. Flory was given charge of this work. This village preaching was done 
about twice per month on Sunday afternoons, except during the hot part of the 
summer. This has been done by a band of workers, consisting of one or two native 
teachers and four to ten of the larger schoolboys who assisted in singing hymns 
and also in witnessing for their Savior. Sometimes a hundred or more listened to the 
singing and messages at these village meetings held in the open street. At other times 
the attendance was small. Many showed much interest, and we pray that the seed 
sown may bring forth good fruit. 

Jan. 27 we were all made sad by the departure of dear little Cathryn Bright. But 
we look forward in the happy hope of meeting her with Jesus above. 

The next day, Jan. 28, her sister Esther and Leland Brubaker, feeling the call of 
Jesus, asked to be baptized, and they were born into the kingdom, and amidst sadness 
our hearts were made glad. 

About June 1 most of the members of our station journeyed to Ping Ting Hsien, 

28 Annual Report 

where was held our annual mission conference June 5-7. A number of the Chinese 
Christians also attended and were strengthened by the good meetings. 

During the months of June and July the work was somewhat slack, since a good 
number of the workers were taking vacation. However, the regular Sunday services 
and Thursday evening prayer meeting were continued. 

From Aug. 20 to Sept. 3 a special series of daily meetings was conducted by Bro. 
Bright, and Bro. Yin from Ping Ting. Bro. Yin very ably presented the doctrines 
of the Bible in his evening sermons. Each day Bro. Bright expounded the epistle of 
the Philippians to interested listeners, many of whom studied and received much benefit. 
At the close of the meetings eighteen volunteered to follow Jesus as their Savior. 

On Nov. 11 and 12 eighteen men and two women were received into the church 
by baptism. Previous to this the inquirers had received several weeks of special teach- 
ing. Our love feast and communion were held the evening of Nov. 11. About sixty 
communed, and all seemed to receive blessings. 

At Christmas time about fifty poor homes were cheered by gifts of food and 
clothing. Our year closes with good hopes for the future. 

Girls' School for 1916 

The year opened with an enrollment of ten pupils. There were nineteen days 
of vacation over the Chinese New Year. During the spring term Miss Kao, the na- 
tive teacher, expressed her desire to unite with the church, and she was baptized on 
her birthday, April 28. 

On account of the Annual Meeting being held at Ping Ting Hsien, and Miss Kao 
returning to her home at Hsin Chou at that time for vacation, the spring term closed 
May 28. Miss Kao and one of the Christian schoolgirls attended the Conference. 

As the teacher only returned to the station Sept. 14, the pupils did not come in 
until Saturday, the 16th, and school opened on Monday, the 18th, with twelve pupils. 

Mr. Liu Ch'i Hsiang was invited to teach classics and writing in the school, and 
he began with the opening of the fall term. The work was new to him, but he is 
gradually coming to understand us and the work more and we hope he may remain 
with us. 

Mr. Li Hsing Hung was also engaged as buyer for the school, giving time not 
needed for this work to the bookstore and reading room. 

During the summer another of the girls asked for baptism, and she was accord- 
ingly given the required teaching and received baptism in November, with nineteen 
other applicants. There are now three Christian girls in school. 

Not a little time was spent in preparation for the Christmas season. The girls 
worked hard to do their parts well and it was gratifying to see them really try 
to tell and sing the Christmas story when the time came for their program. 

To see how they planned for supplying and giving out little gifts of their own on 
Christmas day, and to note their eagerness in helping to distribute food and clothing 
among the poor, makes us feel that they are already catching some of the real spirit 
of the day. 

During the time while school was in session throughout the year we have held 
Mothers' Meetings at the close of each month. The meetings have, for the most part, 
been well attended, and we believe some of the mothers are beginning to appreciate 
a little of what we try to give them. These meetings have been led most of the time 
by Sister Bright and Miss Kao. 

During the fall term several calls came for young married girls to enter the school, 
and the station granted the privilege of admitting such. One such pupil has been 
enrolled to date. 

At the close of the year there are thirteen pupils enrolled. Prospects for an in- 
crease in pupils are better than ever before. 

Annual Report 








































































Ping Ting Hsien 















Medical Statistics 





























— i 




























































Liao Chou 



74 1 2 


5,24813781 28 



$ 75.00 

Ping Ting Hsien 





177 1 63 











251 | 65 




3 30 $537.74 

Church Statistics 







































































Liao Chou 









Ping Ting Hsien 



54| 3 








78( 7 





Sunday-school Report 






















































































Liao Chou, 










Ping Ting Hsien 



27 64 







Le Ping 








1 $45.19 




365| 57 



Annual Report 

Day School Report 
















































Ho Shen 








Kao Lao 

6 night pupils 





Boarding Schools 

















Liao Chou, Boys' School 






Liao Chou, Girls' School 



Ping Ting Hsien, Boys' School 

Ping Ting Hsien, Girls' School 

Le Ping, Boys' School 












In coming to you with this new report, we do so with an earnest prayer that you 
be patient with each and all of us as you read our individual reports. Wherein you 
see weakness and failures, forgive, please, and remember, too, that we, like you, 
are human. While we have left home and homeland, we can not flee from our human- 
ity. That persists in following us, no matter how far we may roam. Please hear us 
patiently and pray with us that our efforts, although humble, may result in the salva- 
tion of great numbers of the unsaved. 



From the time I began to form opinions about missionaries the idea of their being 
specialists has been uppermost in my mind. Paul's " This one thing I do " may lead one, 
if not careful in interpretation, to decide positively that such is and must be the case. 
Remembering, however, the setting of this text, we are led to conclude that Paul did 
his utmost, aided as he always realized he was by the Lord, to cast aside everything 
of the past that would in any wise hinder his proficiency in his Master's service in the 
future. In this Paul was a specialist of the very first rank. In this our Lord is his 
only Superior. He has no other superior, and very few, if any, equals. 

But, reader, did " this one thing " mean one line and only one line of work? If we 
conclude that it did, then it must have been preaching and only preaching the " Gos- 
pel " with the other duties which immediately and naturally arose with this preaching. 
But one can not make such a conclusion after studying the Acts, for Paul took time 
to heal. Of this we are sure, and he spent quite a bit of time at his trade, enough 

Annual Report 31 

so that he did not need to ask others to support him while he " preached the Gospel." 
So it is fair to conclude that Paul was not a specialist in the sense in which the word 
is used today. He did many things and he did them all well. Had we lived in his 
time and wanted an Al tent, where could a better one have been gotten than one made 
by him? Or if a dedicatory sermon, or one on the subject of grace, or any subject per- 
taining to our Lord and His ministry on earth, or in heaven, who could preach a better 
one than Paul, the man of such humility and yet so wonderfully versatile? 

But why these sentences concerning Paul? Just to help you, reader, and myself to 
understand that a missionary can not be a specialist in the sense of taking up but one 
line of work and only one to the exclusion of all others. The nature of his work and 
the people for whom he labors make this sort of specialty impossible. 

Two facts constantly urge the missionary to attempt the accomplishment of the 
greatest possible amount of work. These are: The example of our Lord, and the ex- 
tremely pitiable condition of those among whom he labors. 

Even with his best and most persistent efforts, the missionary accomplishes so 
little that he must daily feel that he has really done such a little bit of what he saw 
to be done that he bows his head in sorrow and shame. And, reader, this is a dis- 
couraging fact. But the missionary does not dare to let it discourage him, even 
though he must face it each day in some striking way. Each missionary is bound, 
in some way, to combat the influence of- this tremendous fact in his life. From the 
human standpoint, the quickest and simplest way out would be for the missionary, 
if he could, to multiply his power to accomplish work to any multiple necessary. This 
would be the human plan and the human way over this exceedingly great difficulty. 
But our Lord has given us the other and better way — that of multiplying the number 
of workers instead of the power of the individual. Will you not, dear reader, decide 
why the latter would be bad and also why the Lord's plan is the blessed and the better 
one? He asks us to do our part in the carrying out of the plan He has given. What 
is this part? It is praying. Are we doing it? Although unable to speak a word, I can 
and may have my blessed portion in this great plan. No wealth of this world's goods, 
no wealth of words, eloquence, not a host of friends or a crowd of supporters — indeed, 
none of these are needed, dear reader, for you or me. You or I, with His help and 
guidance, can alone help to increase this working power not only in India but in each 
and every land on the face of the earth. Oh, the blessedness of this se'rvice! Brother, 
sister, why not enter into it? By so doing we shall be rendering, daily, let us trust, 
most efficient help, in swelling the ranks of those who shall say, " Here am I, Lord 
send me," and also in encouraging those who have already been called and sent. 
" Pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest that He will send more laborers into the 


Some Things for Which We Are Glad 

We are thankful that, living in the domains of one of the great warring nations, 
we have suffered a minimum of inconvenience, in our daily work, in the cost of living, 
and as to the horrors of war, none at all; that our native Christians were able and 
willing on several occasions to aid in sending relief to the war sufferers; that through it 
all the zeal of the dear brethren at home has not abated, and that satisfactory com- 
munication with the home base has been maintained; that new recruits arrived safely 
in December, and that a former and tried worker is well on her way back to the front; 
that most of us have been physically able most of the time to keep in the lines; that 
the Lord answered our prayers to heal Bro. Kaylor from the plague; that, though 
sometimes we grow weary in the work but never grow weary of the work; and that 
His grace is sufficient for every day. 


Annual Report 

Coming Home. At the Ford of the River Nearest Ahwa 

Ahwa Station 


How quickly the years come and go! It seems but a few days since we wrote a 
record of some of the events of the year of our Lord, 1915! The duty of writing another 
such record is upon us. 


We attempted a campaign of working in villages where little or no preaching had 
ever been done. This work was given into the hands of the oldest and most expe- 
rienced Indian Christian of our congregation. He was chosen as the first deacon of 
the Ahwa church. As his companion we sent with him another Christian, a native 
of these jungles who seems to know every village and footpath through them. They 
entered upon this work with much apparent zeal, and we prayed and hoped much for 
the results of it. But soon after our departure for the vacation which our doctors 
said we must take the men became discouraged, and after a few feeble attempts gave 
up the work. Despite the keen disappointment and sorrow which this brought to us, 
we still hope that the seeds which these brethren sowed were sown on good soil and 
will bear much fruit, and that in the very near future. 

The villages where day-schools have been established, each has its Sunday-school. 
The teacher of the day-school becomes superintendent and every such officer needed 
to make the school " go." In two of the villages the teacher is the only Christian there, 
so you will understand, reader, that he has to assume the work in its entirety so far 
as human aid is concerned. The boys of the different classes of the school make up 
the main part of the Sunday-school class. There usually are a number of the parents 
or others of the villagers in to hear the Bible story, which nearly always is the regular 
lesson as given by the International Sunday-school Lesson Committee. This work is 
bearing such splendid results where the teachers have been faithful and earnest in their 

Let me give you a bit of information as to these results: At Chankal, where our 
Christian community of farmers is located, our faithful brother, Kishan, labored most 
earnestly in both the day and Sunday-school. At the Sunday-school examination, held 
on the 26th of September last, he and five of the scholars passed and received certifi- 

Annual Report 



-irvi r 

Q^JJL^^q^, Su^nt^/***^. 

cates of reward for their efforts. 
All the scholars passing are 
Christian parents or children of 
such parents. In another vil- 
lage there were similar results, 
and, in addition, one young man, 
a pupil of the Sunday-school, 
has recently been received into 
the church. We beg you, read- 
er, to remember these brethren 
as they labor during the week 
in the day-school, and on the 
Sabbath as they tell the story 
of our blessed Lord and Savior. 
You are far away from them, 
but this will not lessen your 
power through prayer one bit. 
In addition to the young 
man referred to we have had the 
joy of receiving ten others into 
Christian fellowship with us. 
Nine of these were received at 
the blessed Christmastide. It 
made the closing of the year so 
wondrously full of joy for us! 
And we know you will rejoice 
greatly with us in the coming 
of these precious souls. 

This phase of the work is carried on mainly through the schools which have been 
established in the villages. There were nine in the Dangs on the 30th of April. The one 
at Meshkatri, in the northwest corner of the Dangs, is under the care of Bro. Long. 
Two of these schools weve opened early in the year and two were closed by the sins 
of the masters, who, taking advantage of our absence, went to their homes on self- 
given leave and remained indefinitely. One of these schools was reopened in Decem- 
ber. The other is still closed because no teacher can be secured for it. The people, 
despite the fact that three teachers have run away from the school and them, are 
asking us to give them another. We are praying for one that will remain faithful 
and true. Will you not help? 

Despite the tremendous difficulties and the consequent slow progress in the 
advance of the work, the government of the Bombay Presidency has seen fit to recom- 
mend and grant double the amount of money usually given such schools. Recently 
we received a most encouraging letter from the collector of Surat District, commend- 
ing the efforts being made to enlighten the needy people among whom we have been 
called to labor. 

In addition to the work done in the schools, there are countless opportunities 
given us to teach the people how to care for their bodies and their homes; how to 
spend their money for the things which will make better and brighter their now ex- 
ceedingly pitiful state. We try to improve every one of these opportunities to the 
very utmost and the efforts are bearing fruit under the leading of the Holy Spirit. 
Just how much and effective or useful this fruit is, cannot be tabulated on paper. 
Suffice it to say that we can see a marked change in the attitude of all the inhabitants of 
the villages within a radius of many miles of Ahwa upon all the subjects in which we 
have given prayerful and persistent instruction. We forget not what the Master said 
concerning the leaven hidden in the meal. 


Annual Report 

A Native Christian Family of the Dangs 


More and more it is forced upon us that to have too many things to do makes 
it impossible to do the very best in the many things which are simply thrust upon us. 
.Because of physical and other limitations we are compelled to turn away many oppor- 
tunities of rendering help which would count greatly in the work of the Lord. Be- 
cause of our very limited knowledge in things pertaining to medicine, we feel that we 
shall have to make less our labors in this line. 

We keep no records of the number or the character of the cases treated, but the 
total is many hundreds. In this dispensing of medicines we come into such vital rela- 
tion with the people that they do not, cannot, forget the help rendered. We are bur- 
dened in prayer for some one to come to our aid, one who can give his entire time and 
talents to this phase of the work in the Lord's name. Will you, too, reader, n6t help in 
this prayer ministry for calling a servant of the Lord to this work which needs his 
help so very much? We ask for you to pray for us, also, as we do, as best we can, 
this service which is daily demanded of us, and for which we are really so little 


The people of these forests are exclusively an agricultural people and the burden of 
helping them to do and be more for the Lord and His service has been placed heavily 
upon us. But with duties multiplying at such a rapid rate in every phase of the work, 
how, reader, let me ask you, is it to be done except in the Lord's way, multiplying 
the laborers? Have you a son whom you would like to see do great, yes, wonderful, 
really wonderful things as a farmer for the Lord? Then pray and do all you can to get 
him to come to India, to help our Christian farmers to become better farmers, and, 
through this, better helpers in the Lord's cause. 

In our Christian farming community at Chankal we are doing all we can to help 
the members there to do better farming and thus get their bullocks and carts paid 
for. Believe me, they have not been able, year after year, to raise enough grain to 
make the bread they need to keep soul and body together. This year, by untiring and 
persistent efforts, we have succeeded in helping them to raise enough to supply their 
tables. All of them have done this and it is the first year that this stage has been 
reached since the farming community was established. We rejoice for this, and praise 
God that He gave these simple-minded brethren the health and desire to make the sort 
of effort needful to produce such results. But how very much more there is for them 

Annual Report 35 

to learn before they can do all they will be able to do and all the Christian farming 
community will need to do financially and otherwise to help the Indian church become 
a self-supporting and missionary church! 

The boarding school, in connection with the industrial problem, lays a heavy bur- 
den upon the missionary. Besides teaching them things intellectual and spiritual, 
the boys and girls must be taught how to do one or more things well with their 
hands. This is all the more imperative in a land where manual labor is looked upon 
as degrading, as it is by so many in India. 

Our efforts, although coming far short of the results we so much long for and 
hope some day to see, have yielded results that are not to be counted useless. We 
rejoice to be able to help and serve the dear people, among whom the Lord has placed 
us, in any worthy way, to a life that will be happier for time and endless in eternity. 

Work Among Women 

During the year a weekly class was conducted for the Christian women. We are 
glad to say we generally had some non-Christians to attend also. The Acts, First and 
Second Corinthians, Galatians and Ephesians were taken up in our study. 

Special stress was placed upon teaching the Ten Commandments, the Lord's Prayer, 
and the golden texts of the Sunday-school lessons, to those who lately became 
Christians and cannot read. A weekly sewing class also has been carried on. It is our 
aim to teach each sister simple sewing. Scarcely one among the women of this jungle 
can make a stitch. They have very little clothing, but when they can sew they will' 
have more. Some of our sisters have made remarkable progress. The little school- 
girls also are taught to sew. As a rule they learn more rapidly than their mothers. 


The medical work claims part of each day. Some days we have twenty or more 
patients. Other days fewer, but each day brings some. Our first attention goes to 
Christian people. There has been much fever and sickness all through the year. 

A great disappointment came to us and all our brethren and sisters here in the 
jungle when we heard that Sister Coffman could not come as planned. We had hoped 
that she (being a nurse) could help us much in the medical work here. The need is 
a great one and we continue to pray that some one may be sent to fill this need. 


We do all the visiting we can in the Christian homes. This is a much-needed and 
fruitful work. Our sisters are willing to learn and it is encouraging to see how well 
they do, considering that they came out of darkest heathendom so recently. We sit 
by them as they grind their grain, and the truths we give them seem to take better 
hold than all the preaching we can do on Sundays. 

It has been my privilege to visit in some non-Christian homes. Often we have been 
called in times of sickness and we have done what we could. Always we have been 
most kindly received. 

In my own home each day I have the privilege of speaking to some non-Christian 
women who come here for medicines or for other purposes. I pray for strength and 
wisdom to speak the right word to them. It is not always easy to be sociably what 
one should be. But this is a great open door for service in this land. 

The boarding school is small, yet the children need care and attention. I have 
given out medicines, bound up their wounds, overseen their food and clothing and per- 
sonally made the clothes for the little girls. 

Our little church in the jungle had eleven additions by baptism during the year, 
four births and one death. 

As we look back we thank the Lord for his goodness to us, and we ask you to 
continue your prayers in behalf of this needy field and its humble, ignorant ones. Also 
pray for us, that strength may be given to do His will. 


Annual Report 

Map Showing: Anklesvar and Vicinity 

The circle shows the villages included (40) in a radius of six miles from Anklesvar. 
Villages beyond are just as plentiful 



During the year 1916 we have not been making great gains in the numbers of 
people who may be counted among us, for our labors have been necessarily to strength- 
en what we have and build for the future. Our work therefore has been of the kind 
that does not show up big in any sort of a report we may be able to make; but we 
have certainly not been idle. 

Towards the end of the year (1916) in a section of our district a difficulty arose 
Some who had become Christian were inclined to drink, and to get into its attendant 
evils. They were disciplined, but determined to continue to drink. They withdrew 
from the church and set themselves against us, doing all they could to destroy our 
influence. Thus a division was made, and a few remained steadfast, while others, the 
greater number, fearing the caste threats more than the church persuasion, went with 
caste and against the church. They formed a clique, and went from village to village, 
instigating the people and persuading them, with accompanying threats, to have abso- 
lutely nothing to do with us. 

We have just closed a splendid week of meetings for the cleansing and strength- 
ening of our teachers. It was a normal week, meetings three times a day, with one 
of our young men leading and several assisting him. The latter part of the evenings 
was spent in a tent apart in prayer, and this tent meeting became a place of great 
blessing. How many, with weeping and groaning, with crying aloud for mercy and 
calling on the Lord to hear them, confessed their sins and received the promised 
forgiveness! And how they gave clear and tearful evidence afterward that they felt a 
great burden had fallen from them; that in place of sorrow and shame had come 
peace and joy. Then they persuaded others to repent and confess, and some of 
them said that it seemed they had just begun to walk in the ways of the Lord. 

Annual Report 37 

Thus our year has gone, with its varied experiences, some disheartening, some 
very encouraging. And we are glad — glad we are to be missionaries, and glad that 
we can stick to our work in this field. As I look on the people, and work with them — 
as I count the villages and realize that we have only partly penetrated a third of those 
about us — as I feel the painful fact that in the town of Anklesvar itself we have gained 
but a very few, then my heart burns within me, and I long for the day of great in- 
gatherings. It is coming. It may be very near at hand. May the Lord speed the day! 

In one village were fifteen applicants for baptism. They came here, declaring they 
had quit the drink, had put away idolatry, and wished baptism. We were glad, but 
we did not baptize them. In the opinion of all, it was advisable to go back to their 
village, miles away, and teach their wives the same way of blessing into which they 
were about to enter, that they might come as families together, instead of men alone. 
They said they would. Since then something of persecution has come upon them, 
and we await patiently the results. 

In November a friendly Hindoo asked me if we could direct the distribution of 
quinine among the people for several months at his expense. Gladly I recommended 
a Christian for this service, and quinine was distributed freely among the people 
during the season of fevers and colds. 

One of the boys was getting into the habit of running away and coming back 
again to the boarding school. He had been gone over a week, and when he returned 
the question was put to the other boys as to whether they wanted to take him back, 
as such going and coming was hard on the attendance register. Presently one lad 
got up and solemnly said, " If he promises not to run away again, and asks pardon for 
this time, let us receive him, but if he won't promise, let us eat supper together and 
let him clear out in the morning." To this all the boys agreed, and the lad asked 
pardon and promised not to do it any more. Thus they are learning the way of the 
church, the way of Right, and coming to see that it is the best way for men to deal 
with one another. Bless the children! 

This week a woman came to us. She said she was told that if she wanted good 
advice she should come to the missionary. Her daughter was simple; had a little 
child. Her son-in-law had taken another wife, and this other woman had turned her 
son-in-law's heart from his wife, and they were hungry and poor. Could I not help 
them to get that son-in-law to come back and do the right thing by his wife and baby, 
even though she is simple minded? This was the question. How I longed to be able 
to speak the word of healing to the one woman, the young mother! How our hearts 
yearned for the elder woman! Wife and I talked all their matters .over, and advised 
them as best we could, and they seemed glad for what we said to them. 

It is nearly a year since I helped the people of a certain village to rid themselves 
of a saloon. They were glad for my assistance. I went to this same place recently 
on a preaching tour, and had a warm reception. In the evening a large crowd of peo- 
ple assembled, and listened to the Word of Life very quietly, as I was able to deliver it 
to them. One has to make village preaching so very simple to be understood. That 
night I had three parts to my message: 1. Let liquor go. 2. Let ignorance go. 3. Seek 
the way of everlasting life. Of course, they had the force of the first point already 
applied. ! ; 

Sister Stover spent half the year at Panchgani on account of health conditions. 
Most of this tinte I was not with her, but she and the two little ones, Helen and 
Daniel, were there alone. The place is good, so far as climate is concerned, but it is 
not good for man to be alone, neither for woman, and it seems to us now that the 
profit and loss of that season were about equal. She is much improved now, and we 
are very hopeful that she will be well and strong again. She was dangerously near a 
nervous breakdown. For present conditions we have every reason to be grateful to 
our Heavenly Father. 

During the year we have had twenty baptisms, two of which were in Rudha Dis- 

38 Annual Report 

trict, where our Indian Mission Board has work on its own account. We have had five 
marriages according to Christian rites. (This suggests something to the one who 
studies missions. After people become Christians, they do not drop all heathen cus- 
toms at once, although our teaching insists upon it. The heathen marriage is a ques- 
tion we have to contend with frequently.) Several have died, several have gone back, 
and some have removed to other localities. Exact figures are difficult of attainment, 
when it comes to counting those who are close to the border line. A man was caught 
with the drink. Next day in speaking of it he said, " No, I am not a Christian. I can- 
not give up drink." A week later he was himself and sorry for his job. If the count- 
ing had been done on that next day he would have been counted out. If it had been 
done a week later he would have been counted in, and this by his own confession. 
But the books? Yes, they show, but they do not show the condition of the heart, 
and every worker trusting in the Lord does the best he can with his records, but 
knows at the same time that they are not always to be depended on. 

Our little monthly Gujerati paper, The Prakash Patra, has been appearing regu- 
larly throughout the year, and 500 copies are printed. The special temperance number 
of 3,000 copies in May was again sent forth. We hope by the printed page to supple- 
ment the preached Word, and we believe it is appreciated. 

Indian District Mission Board 

In Rudha, about twenty miles from Umalla-Vali, and twenty-two miles from 
Anklesvar, as the crow flies, the District Mission Board has a nucleus of work es- 
tablished. They have built there a small schoolhouse which serves as pastor's 
dwelling, schoolhouse, and church, all in one, at a cost of $100. They have placed in 
charge a young brother who has done splendid work during the several years he has 
been there. He has under him two assistant teachers in near-by villages. This brother, 
Changenlal by name, at the end of 1916 was one of those chosen because of ability 
and good character, for a special training course in government school at Ahmedabad, 
and has gone there. In his stead the Board has placed a brother and wife who were 
in the Bulsar Bible School, and who, before going, had been in charge of this work 
at Vadi. From Vadi it was changed to Rudha, for the better interests of the work. 

An honest and faithful effort has been made to get Christians to own land them- 
selves, and farm it accordingly, and pay their own taxes. Several have been helped 
to that end, and are now living at the same place where the mission house is built, 
making a little Christian community. As these pay back what has been advanced to 
them it is the intention to loan the same money to others, and thus keep it going. 

Schools are essential in all such work, and the mission school at Rudha is doing 
very well. Not only Christians but non-Christians find it to their best interest to send 
their children to school. The surrounding villagers are all farmers, and mostly all 
Bhils, the hill-tribe among whom we have been doing most of our work in the north- 
ern part of our mission field. The outlook is encouraging. The gifts of the brethren 
and sisters at Conference time have been liberal, and it is the purpose of the Mission 
Board to enlarge the work each year as they are able to do, and as the Lord works 
with them. To this end the coming year will see, we trust, some interesting advance 
made over the record of the past years, if not in baptisms, still in the extension of 
the work in hand. For this may your prayers unite with ours. 


Another year's work is completed and we have started the new year's work in 
the villages, living in a tent. I have been wishing for some time that I could do 
village work this way. Just now, as I write this, before the tent are about a dozen 
youngsters who, you would say, sorely need a mother's care. But these are no more 
needy than thousands of village children. 

Annual Report 3SJ 

At the beginning of the year and up to the hot season I spent as many evening9 
as possible in meetings in the villages. Sometimes I could spend two days at a time, 
but generally, because of work on the compound, I went out in the evening and back 
the same night. 

During the hot season I had the great privilege of being at Landour, a very good 
hill station. In a short time at a place like that you lose "that tired feeling" which 
is the result of spending many hot seasons on the plains. It is a great relief and 
blessing to have these cool mountain stations. 

After the rains as soon as I could get to the villages I began that work again. 

The class from Bhil street is increasing in interest and numbers, and I notice, 
too, a difference in their appearance. Some have been coming a short time without 
being called. They learn very slowly, but it is encouraging to notice the improvement 
of these backward classes. 

Since there is no mission doctor at this station, we aim to help our people as much 
as possible with simple remedies. We often wish there were a good doctor near to 
whom we could send very poor people needing special attention. They will not go 
any distance to a doctor. Sometimes we can persuade them to go to Broach, which 
is near, or to our doctors at Bulsar. 

The Women's Sewing Circle at the end of the year had a little more than nine 
rupees ($3) in its treasury. Four and one-half rupees of this were given for the 
relief of the Belgian sufferers in a special collection we had for that purpose. The 
rest we have decided to send to the Bible Society. I think this is the first time they 
have sent money to another country. We are very grateful for the quilt patches that 
you send. They help out in this work. 

Our work among the women in the villages is progressing very slowly. You 
cannot understand how their minds are saturated with superstition unless you see 
some things they do. It is not so hard for the men. They do not believe so firmly 
in their heathen practices. After they have been taught awhile they can see the false- 
ness of it and turn to the truth as they find it in Christianity. 

We trust that through your prayers and our Father's help we will be able to do 
more for our village women in the new year. 



"Thou crownest the year with Thy goodness; 
And Thy paths drop fatness." — Psa. 65: 11. 

We look back over the year 1916 with a feeling of satisfaction and gratitude, not 
because of perfect service, but because the Lord enabled us to complete a certain 
work that was planned for the year. Had the work been better done the satisfaction 
would be greater, but our gratitude is whole-hearted and continuous, for the Lord gave 
strength for every day. The Lord never fails them who look to Him for help. Blessed 
be His name! 

The Bulsar Church 

This is the oldest church in the India Mission, but not the largest. We wish very 
much we could report a large ingathering from the non-Christian communities, but 
for that we must still wait. Our hope, however, is that soon we may send you this 
glorious news, and for this we ask your united prayers. The sixteen baptisms during 
the year were from the Christian community. The 186 members are made up largely of 
teachers, carpenters, Bible students, and such as are in mission employ, along with 
the boys and girls in the boarding schools. We are glad to say that the number of 
independent Christian families is increasing from year to year. They are buying land 
and building their own houses and making Bulsar their home. This means per- 

40 Annual Report 

manency. Some of our members go off to Bombay and other places for employment, 
which makes it difficult to keep in touch with them, so we lose a few of them. We 
lost only one by death, but Bulsar always loses many by letter, having granted twenty- 
three the last year. Our loss is another's gain. 

Every Sunday morning we met for divine worship, five of the Bible students, 
two ministers and three deacons doing most of the preaching. It is encouraging to 
see how well they do in conducting a service. May the Indian church have many 
such! Every Sunday afternoon the Christian Workers held their meetings, conducted 
almost wholly by the Indian members. The men and women held their meetings sep- 
arately, thus giving greater freedom and more opportunity to speak. The women's 
meeting was much better attended than the men's, due to the constant effort of our 
missionary sisters. 

The Sunday-School 

We had efficient Sunday-school officers during the year and the work and attend- 
ance were quite satisfactory. The average attendance did not quite reach 200. Sister 
Shumaker again had charge of the primary department and carried on the work in 
her inimitable way to the great satisfaction of all. It is wonderful to see the improve- 
ment in the children in her charge. The average attendance in her class runs over 
seventy-five, and includes some non-Christian children from the neighborhood. We 
are so glad for these who have thus received some Christian training. This department 
will lose a great leader and teacher when Sister Shumaker goes on furlough, 

English Congregation 

The English preaching service every Sunday evening was continued throughout the 
year. Rev. McDowall, the railway evangelist, dropped in for an occasional service, 
otherwise the preaching was done by our own missionaries. The congregation is 
small, made up of American, English, Anglo-Indian, Parsee and Indian. 

Bible Teachers' Training School 

When the year opened we were busy with the third term's work. Bro. Ross con- 
ducted the class in church doctrine, putting special stress on the doctrines of our church. 
I had the classes in the Old and New Testaments. These three subjects.we completed by 
the end of March. The fourth class in non-Christian religions was conducted by Bro. 
Lichty, who so kindly came here during the summer months and so completed the 
third year's work. We are grateful to these two brethren for helping us along with the 
work, and so enabling us to finish the work on scheduled time. This year one of the 
students failed and dropped out of the class. 

The fourth and last term of the course continued from July to December, in which 
the work of the four classes was undertaken by the writer. Bro. Long kindly helped 
me one week when I felt especially tired out by some extra duties. In this term we 
finished both the Old and New Testaments — these two classes running through the 
entire four years. The other two classes studied church history and pedagogy and homi- 
letics. While the men were studying homiletics the women were given a course in 
" first aid " by Dr. Laura M. Cottrell, which they enjoyed very much and which will 
be very useful to them in their work out in the villages. We are grateful to Sister 
Cottrell for giving this much of her valuable time to the instruction of the women. 

Graduation Day 

Ten men and four women were presented for graduation Dec. 28 in the first class 
completing the work of the Bible School. Three of these still have some work to 
complete before they will be given their diplomas. The class day exercises were held in 
the forenoon, in which each of the men gave an oration and each woman an essay 
on some Bible subject. The commencement was held in the afternoon when Mr. Hen- 
derson, of the Irish Presbyterian Mission, delivered an address on the subject, " With- 
out Me ye can do nothing." The address was very helpful and earnestly delivered, 

Annual Report 41 

and we hope may be earnestly followed. Mr. Henderson is a member of the oldest mis- 
sion working in Gujarat, and we are very grateful to him for being present on this 
occasion and lending us encouragement in our new work. 

The diplomas that were given read as follows: "This certifies that 

has completed the four years' course of Bible Study prescribed by the Mission Council, 
and having given evidence of fitness for Christian service is granted this diploma." 
It was a joyous occasion to see fourteen consecrated people come up and receive their 
diplomas won in their preparation for the Lord's work. Our prayer is that they may 
faithfully perform every duty to which the Lord may call them. 

Although hindered on account of sickness, and the school being closed for almost 
a year, the class was graduated at the time first planned when the Bible School was 
opened. We are sorry to say that in all probability there will be no class here this 
year, as we have sent nine young teachers to a training college and so do not feel 
able to spare enough of others for a new class. But as soon as possible another class 
will be started. 

All to His praise and glory! 


We praise the Lord for His many blessings to us during the year 1916. 

Our work with the women was carried on much the same as last year. The Bible 
School women helped a great deal in the personal work, visiting in the homes, helping 
in times of sickness and death, giving comfort and help; also in the Christian Workers' 
meetings, Sunday-school work and Aid Society work. Now they have completed their 
work here and are scattered out in the different stations, and we trust the work of 
love will continue wherever they have gone. 

In our Bible study with the women we completed two of the books in the course 
of study for women; viz., Old and New Testament Bible Stories. 

We had regular meetings of our Aid Society every week. Our sewing is all done 
by hand. We made about sixty little dresses for children, six quilt tops, and hemmed 
six dozen towels and four dozen handkerchiefs. Some of the women also did some 
fancy work at home for the Aid Society fund. 

At the beginning of the year I gave the women talent money with which to earn 
something for the District Meeting offering. They have taken good interest in it 
and in return for the two annas which I gave each one they are bringing back some 
four annas, some six annas, some eight, some sixteen and some thirty-two annas. An 
anna is worth two cents. So we hope to have a nice offering for the District work in 

There are over fifty families living here, and we try to get around to all of them on 
an average of once a week for a little personal work in their homes. Many of the 
women are young mothers, and so are in need of some special help and guidance. 
Generally they are doing well in bringing up their children, and we have great hopes 
for the second generation in building up a strong church. There are many oppor- 
tunities for service, and we greatly rejoice in the work to which He has called us. 


According to the present division of work at Bulsar, it has fallen to my lot to 
attend to many duties outside of departmental scope. Some of these are pleasant, 
while many others are exceedingly trying. In a community of nearly three hundred 
souls, and nearly all of these living in houses, the wall of one being the wall of the 
other, naturally there arise a good many disturbances, some of them of a most serious 
nature. More and more are we trying to handle all such things through the medium 
of a committee of our native men. However, there is a tendency for the offenders 
to make it hard for the committeemen who may have decided against them. 

The wonder is that there are not more of the disturbances, seeing how closely 


Annual Report 

As They Look When Papa Boss Is Coming: 

they live, with their children, chickens, goats, etc. I fear that under like circumstances 
many Americans would not have much of which to boast. 

To look after the. mission property at a place like this is no small task. Resurvey 
of boundaries, adjustment of taxes, roofs to be put in repair previous to the rains, 
whitewashing the buildings, roads and paths in shape for the heavy rains, mud floors 
renewed — all these and many other things of a miscellaneous type, each in itself not 
much, yet all together enough to give no little bother and need of attention. 

During the year, under the land acquisition act, the government acquired nearly 
two and one-half acres of mission land, together with houses in which 21 families had 
been living. Knowing of this we had acquired- last year a new village site and con- 
structed rooms for twenty families. Two of our best families built houses for them'- 
selves, thus accommodating a total of four families. The government paid in compen- 
sation nearly $300 per acre, which is not as much as land was selling for in the vicinity 
at that time or since, but for the houses the compensation was all that we couid ask 
for; in fact, as much as we originally put into the houses. 

Looking from the church tower you can now see in the near vicinity six two- 
story houses, each to accommodate two families, and five others in the building. In 
another block are five single-story houses, each to accommodate two families. Later 
on there will be a large number of additional houses built, which will increase the En- 
glish speaking community very much. 


The chief aim of the missionary is evangelism. Too often other duties claim so 
much of his attention that little is done in the direct evangelistic work, and every 
mission should plan for such an organization of forces and means as will allow of 
the largest possible amount of work being done in the evangelistic field. 

Little had been done for several years in the Bulsar area, other fields being 
more inviting. But this year we started on a plan of work which we trust will bring 
evangelistic results. In January Bro. Shantvanrao and family moved out fourteen miles 
on the border of the Dharampur State. Early conditions were much against him, 
and for the first two months he felt much discouraged. But he made friends, made 
himself useful, built up the village school from eight to fifty, opened four other schools, 
and now the outlook is entirely different. There is still much prejudice, but in time 
we hope that this will be overcome and the sentiment in favor of Christianity develop 
as it has in other areas. 

We are unable to make use of the boarding schools here in Bulsar as a place 
where we can put these village children whom we can get for training, and we hope 
to establish an auxiliary out there within their environment, until such time as condi- 
tions will allow of our amalgamating that work with the one here. We are able to 

Annual Report 43 

get children from the native state where we at present cannot enter, and thus we hope 
to raise up teachers who will be able to go back among their own people to win them 
for Christ. 

A fact of no little importance to us is that the Church Missionary Society, through 
their Indigenous Society, opened work in this county: We protested against their 
doing so, but they have come, any way, and it is up to us to make the best of the 
situation. It is unfortunate for us and for our Christian community. 

Realizing the weight of this led us to make every effort to reopen our work as 
quickly as possible, and get it started before the field is made still harder for us. 


I have already mentioned that in connection with our evangelistic effort five schools 
were opened. These give us a point of contact with the people, as, aside from their ed- 
ucational value, they are evangelistic agencies. In these schools at close of the year 
were registered nearly 125 children. 

Of larger interest to us at present is the educational work carried on here. In the 
boarding school are thirty-three boys. We have left now only a half dozen large 
boys. We are now getting in the new generation, children of our former orphans. 
Some of these former orphans are workers out in the other stations where often they 
have poor advantages for their children, consequently arrangements have been made 
to take them in here. While we have general oversight of these boys, we have a house 
master and his wife who live in the building and take direct care of them. This 
relieves us of much care and work. 

In the Boys' School are enrolled fifty-six pupils. Besides these, sixth and seventh 
grades were going to the town schools, but from the first of the new year the sixth 
grade will be brought back into our own school. Our head master, who is a trained 
teacher, has been in the Bible School, and consequently our school suffered from lack 
of proper oversight and direction. With the beginning of the new year he is again 
back in school and we hope for increased interest and better results. 

We also have two boys going to the Anglo Vernacular School in town and two to 
the high school. Bulsar has one of the best high schools in Bombay Presidency, which 
is very fortunate for us. 


There is a growing belief among missionaries and others that in India it is a 
mistake to give academic education without industrial training. And this is more and 
more true when we deal with the village classes. It is our aim to have all our boys 
working with their hands several hours each day. At this time we have carpentry and 
agriculture. All the small boys and several larger boys work in the garden and field, 
while there are some fifteen, including all those who go to the town schools, who 
are in the carpentry classes. I find that there is a strong tendency for the boys to 
want to leave the agriculture work and go into the carpentry class. This is due par- 
tially to the fact that farming is considered more drudgery, and further we have not 
yet reached the place where we can give them much of the science to show tliem the 
fascinating side of agriculture. Then too so many of our boys are too small to compre- 
hend much that might be given. 

However, we did arrange for them to have some lessons and simple demonstrations 
which have proved very interesting and inviting to them. This leads me and others 
to believe that once we are able to do more of this, agriculture will be more popular. 
A missionary writes me that he has succeeded in making agriculture his most popular 
industrial effort. 


Since being here it has fallen to my lot to superintend much building work. 
Houses for our Christian people had to be erected. Then came the hospital and 
doctors' bungalow, repairing of the church and many odd jobs. All this has taken much 


Annual Report 

of my time and energy. Prices on nearly everything have increased much, making it 
difficult to meet the financial end of the operation. I am hoping that by another year 
most of the building work will be completed, and by that time the village work will 
have opened so that it will be advantageous for me to be out in the villages more. 
To see people won for the Lord from these many villages is our great desire. May 
the day speedily come when there will be multitudes acknowledging Christ as their 

Training Department 

At the close of the year there were in this department from the Bulsar Station 
three girls and ten boys. During the year one girl, Rami Renchord, finished her course 
in the Government Teachers' Training School at Ahmedabad, while two boys failed 
to pass their Surat third grade examinations and have gone to work as teachers. Of 
the ten boys, two are students in Wilson College, Bombay, Vera Valji, a sophomore, 
and the other, David Prema, a freshman. Both these boys are making good progress. 

At the close of the year the mission arranged to send nine young men, all of them 
from our teaching force, to the Irish Presbyterian Teacher-training School at Ahmeda- 
bad. The mission realizes the need of more trained workers. The report of their 
work will come in the 1917 report. 

Besides the total of thirteen from Bulsar, there were in the training department 
three at least from the Vyara schools in Bombay and also others from the Dangs 
and other Marathi stations. This is due to the fact that we have not had suitable 
facilities of our own. During the year Rajus Randive graduated from high school and 

"3 A N5DA 


Sketch of Bulsar Mission Area, with stations and sub-stations underlined. Dharam- 
pur and Bansda States and Chikli are practically unoccupied areas. The two stations 
encircled have been occupied during: the past year by the G. M. S. This was done against 
their written pledge and against our protest. 

Annual Report 45 

in September entered the American Presbyterian Medical School for Women at 
Ludhiana, in North India. I should not fail to mention that here at Bulsar two 
of the girls are in training for nurses. 

Trained teachers, pastors, nurses and doctors from among the people are a great 
need. One of our missionaries said to me a few days ago that had he the teachers and 
preachers to teach and care for them, he could easily baptize five hundred people this 
year. Our native worker force and the number in training is small in proportion to 
our missionary staff. A far larger staff of good Indian workers is a crying need. 
Luke 10: 2 applies just as much to Indian workers as to missionaries. 


We began our year's work in a very interesting way. We admitted into our 
boarding school six girls from the Wesleyan Methodist Mission at Sanjan. Their 
school facilities are not so good there, so they were sent to us. 

We also received a little girl from a non-Christian home, from the jungle, so to 
speak. She came, wearing heavy anklets, and was clad in nothing but a sardi which 
was wrapped about her. When she was taken to the girls' dormitories and was shown 
her cot, she looked around in a dazed sort of way, and said to the girl in charge, 
" Sister, please take these things off my ankles, as I do not w^nt them any longer." 
She soon fell in with our ways and has turned out to be a most splendid girl. 

In November, she, along with five other girls from our boarding school, was 
baptized. Among this number were two other girls from a non-Christian home, whom 
we received just about a year ago. They too have made wonderful progress and are 
very sweet girls, so capable, so gentle, kind and good. We were so glad to receive 
three girls from this one non-Christian family, and to be able to save them from a 
life of sin and shame and untold misery, for we learned that the widowed mother was 
about to give them over for immoral purposes. 

Besides this work at the beginning of the year, we were called upon to break an 
engagement, and to settle a lovers' quarrel, which, by the way, resulted in a recent 
happy marriage. During the past year there were but five weddings (this includes the 
last two this month) and only a few betrothals. The wedding bells must soon stop 
ringing for awhile now, as the girls in the boarding school are too young. Only one 
of the original orphan girls remains and her marriage will soon take place. In spite 
of the fact that our girls are so young, the boys insist on havihg their names written, 
which means their betrothal. You see they want to be on the safe side. We do not 
have enough girls to reach around, and so they are always in great demand. Just now 
an interesting case is on. Seven boys are asking for one girl. The contest among these 
boys became so heated that " mother " had tc step in and say " No " to all of them for 
the time being. Now there is peace. 

Still more work was to be done in this, one day. It surely was a red letter day. 
We gave out scholarships to two of our gills, who had finished the work in the Girls' 
School, from the medical training department. These girls are being trained as nurses 
and at present are studying English. 

Later in the year we gave another scholarship from the training department to 
one of our girls who is now taking the preparatory course in the Female Training Col- 
lege at Godhra. This training school is in charge of the M. E. Mission. 

At present we have twenty-five girls in our boarding school. One of this 
number is one of our teachers in the Girls' School. She has just completed her third 
year's course at the Female Training College at Ahmedabad. She passed a very cred- 
itable examination. In the branch — female education — she won a prize of fifteen 
rupees (five dollars). Now we have two senior trained teachers in our school. In 
spite of the fact that during the past year we were obliged to use, for the most part, 
inexperienced, untrained teachers, and had to change teachers often on account 
of sickness and weddings, the report of the deputy inspector was far better than we 


Annual Report 

had dared even to hope. He was especially pleased with the needle and handwork. 
We made a specialty of teaching the girls to do common sewing — to learn how to 
make their own clothing. The course requires other kinds of needlework which they 
are required to do. One collection of butterflies was also an agreeable surprise to 
him, as well as some other collections from the great book of nature. The collec- 
tion of books we have in our girls' library came in for a good share of commendation. 
When the school inspectress of all girts' schools in Bombay Presidency and some 
other places came to inspect us, she was particularly impressed with the splendid 
physical condition of our girls in the boarding school. She could in almost every 
instance pick out our girls from among the number of children coming to day-school 
from outside. We have at this writing (Jan. 22) eighty pupils enrolled in the Girls' 
School. Some are in the school whom we have not enrolled as yet. We are glad 
for all these children, but especially glad are we for the interesting class of non- 

One of the Buildings in Connection with the Girls' and Women's Work at 


Christian children who are enrolled. May we be able to keep them and do them great 
good. Many of these are also enrolled in our Primary Sunday-school and also in our 
Mission Band. When we had a children's day service, the first of its kind, many of 
these children stood right up and performed their parts as well as did the children 
of our Christian families. For this we were very thankful. When the Railway Com- 
pany took over the land on which many of these people were living, they were obliged 
to move to another village. In this way we had to give up many of these children. 
For this we were sorry. We hope to be able to reach them later. We must go to 
them now, since they cannot come to us. 

We had 126 pupils enrolled in our primary Sunday-school class. During the year 
we promoted a class of twenty-five. Some moved away, and now we have but ninety 
names on the roll. We hope to be able to gather in some more children whom we 
have not been able to reach as yet. Their parents are very suspicious and are much 
afraid we will* make Christians of their children if they allow them to come to our 
Sunday-school or day-school. Several little ones have come because they enjoyed the 
service. Each time they received a severe beating from their parents. 

A very interesting class of forty-eight of our primary Sunday-school pupils pre- 
sented themselves for the All-India Sunday-school Examination held July 15. Of this 
number nine made 100 marks. Eight made eighty-five marks. This means that seven- 
teen children received " honors " certificates. Twenty children received " first class " 
certificates (75-84 marks). Seven children received "second class" certificates (50-75 
marks), and four children received "third class" certificates (34-49 marks). One little 
tot but three years old made fifty-three marks. This was remarkable. 

Annual Report 47 

Three times the girls gave a special offering which amounted to about $16. This 
may not seem much to you, but it meant much self-denial and much hard work for 
these girls. The special offerings were for the home mission fund, the Young People's 
Branch of the British and Foreign Bible Society, for the Belgian sufferers. You 
would have been moved had you been present at our consecration service, wit- 
nessed the giving of these gifts of love, and heard the sweet, childlike prayers of faith 
and trust, as each one came forward and placed, her offering in the little envelope, 
sealed it with a prayer, and sent it on its mission of love and mercy. They surely 
know that "it is more blessed to give than to receive." God bless them all, every one! 

There are several phases of the work about which we cannot take the time and 
space to tell. These, along with the giving of continued talks to the 230 boys in the 
Bai Avabai High School each Saturday, when possible to go, must suffice. These are 
some of the "joys of service" we have been experiencing through the year. And now 
the time has about come when we will hand this work over to another, and will be 
taking our first vacation, which, in this case, means going home on a furlough. At 
this time we feel to praise God again for giving health and strength sufficient to 
enable us to stay by the work since taking it up. While we all know that we need 
this change, and we long to " strike glad hands " with friends and loved ones at 
home, yet it is not easy to leave these dear ones who need us so much. Our hope 
and earnest prayer is that in due time we may return and continue to serve God in 
this land, if such be the Father's will. 



Much amusement was occasioned recently on reading a news item in a home 
paper which told of the excitement caused in a small American town by the discovery 
of a case of leprosy. The whole town was stirred about the case, all the cats were 
to be killed, the dogs shut up and the patient and his family shut out from all 
society by a strict quarantine. I laughed when I read the article and said to Dr. Laura, 
"Wouldn't those people have a great time over here with us!" 

Two lepers came regularly to the mission dispensary for several months and a 
number have come for one or two times. There are other diseases here which give 
us much more to do and think about than leprosy. Only recently we were called to 
one of our mission stations on account of smallpox. We ordered every one vaccinated 
and hoped that the worst was over. A little later they wrote that plague rats were 
dying in the town and also on the mission grounds. I went out and gave a number 
of injections of plague prophylactic vaccine to our people there. While I was busy 
doing this I heard one of the men assisting me order another person out of the room. 
I looked up to see what- was the matter and there stood a man broken out and covered 
from head to foot with smallpox. Besides this case there were at least six others 
on the compound at that time. That evening, as we were talking about the work, 
the missionary in charge of that station incidentally mentioned that he had found 
out later that there were a number of cases of cholera in the village in which he had 
been working that week. Smallpox, plague and cholera at one station at the same time! 
Rather unusual, to be sure, but not a rarity by any means in an Oriental country, 
and most any mission doctor can tell you of similar experiences. 

We have to record that for the second time since we have been in India one of 
our own missionaries has been attacked by the dread disease, plague. One Sunday 
morning as we were in church a telegram came from Vada, saying that Bro. Kaylor 
had been taken ill with what was thought to be plague. Leaving that afternoon 1 
arrived at Bro. Kaylor's station at half-past two the next morning. On account of 
plague rats dying in the bungalow they had moved into a tent about a mile out in 
the jungle. Without a guide or lantern (because there were none) I started for the 
place where I had been told they had gone, and because the night was so dark I could 

48 Annual Report 

not see, missed their tent by about a hundred feet, and finally lay down in a jungle 
path and slept until daybreak. Plague it was and a very severe attack. For some days 
his life hung in the balance, as it were, but at length the favor of God spared him to 
us, for which mercy we are all most thankful. Though we try to do as little medical 
work as possible on Sundays, it has so happened that in the last three months we have 
been obliged to spend three entire Sundays traveling on account of plague work. You 
see even Sundays are anything but days of rest for many missionaries. 

We are glad indeed that during the past year a line of six rooms for the use of 
in-patients has been completed, and at last we have a place where at least a few 
patients may come and stay for treatment. Our out-patient or dispensary work has 
up to this time been carried on in two rooms of a helpers' line. We can now report 
that the new dispensary or out-patient section of the hospital is nearing completion, 
and we hope to soon move into the new quarters. War has hampered the work to 
some extent by reason of the difficulty in getting supplies and the increased cost of 
those obtainable. 

That you may know more definitely as to the medical work here at Bulsar we give 
the following figures, covering the calendar year 1916: 

New patients, 5,392 

Old patients, 6,174 

Total calls at dispensary for medicines, 11,566 

Total days' treatment given, 69,400 

Maternity cases, 32 

Major operations, 3 

Minor operations, 236 

Outside cases and professional visits in homes, 441 

The figures as given above apply to the work at Bulsar only. In addition to the 
above work most of the medicines used by the other mission stations (except Dahanu, 
where Dr. Nickey is located) have been supplied through the Bulsar dispensary. By 
virtue of the great needs of the people and the lack of adequate medical aid every 
mission station is forced to give out more or less medicine. The total of medical aid 
given in this way would amount to a good many more thousands of days' treatment. 

More dispensaries give their patients medicine enough to last for one or two days 
only. This brings many more people to the dispensary each day, but also greatly in- 
creases the amount of work in caring for them. Our room has been so limited that 
we have been giving an average of six days' medicine to each patient each time he 
comes, in order to lessen our work and make it possible for us to see more people. 

Our rule is to see no patients on Sunday except emergency cases. We do this for 
three reasons. First. It is the Sabbath and a holy day. Second. We wish these people 
to learn that Sunday is a special day for worship and not for ordinary work. Third. 
We need the rest ourselves (when we can get it). 

Suitable assistants are difficult to secure, but since the recent graduation of the 
Bible School class here at Bulsar we have been granted a man and his wife who 
are to devote their entire time looking after the spiritual welfare of the patients as 
they come to the dispensary and hospital for the healing of their bodies. God grant 
that many may find healing for both body and soul through the ministering you are 
making possible for us to do. Remember our work unto that end. 



Frequent change of scene and occupation made the year anything but monotonous 
for us. We began the new year at Vali, and ended up at Dahanu, the place made 
vacant by Bro. Ebeys on their leaving for America. • 

Annual Report 


The First Building on the New Dahanu Mission Compound 

In the meantime we had the pleasure of engaging in several months of uninter- 
rupted evangelistic effort in Raj Pipla State and in helping to entertain the large 
District Meeting at Vali. April and May found us filling a temporary vacancy in the 
Bulsar Bible Training School. Having been appointed to take up work at Dahanu, 
we spent a good part of the rainy season in closing up our work in Raj Pipla State, 
in order to hand it over to Brethren Holsopple and Arnold in as good shape as possible. 
While packing our goods for moving, we discovered how many our possessions were. 

Instead of taking the short road to our new station, we took the northern route 
by the way of the Himalaya Mountains. The longest road is shortest, sometimes, you 
know, especially when it is taken for reasons of health. Two months on the mountain 
tops, in the Clouds, above the clouds, in the clearest sunshine, in the mountain shadows, 
among the oaks and pines, and ever in the presence of the eternal snows, afforded us 
an experience never to be forgotten. This vacation contributed not a little to our 
physical fitness, though the Madam Saheb could have been more at ease had the high 
altitude not made breathing difficult. 

We arrived at Dahanu early in November. After the departure of Bro. Ebeys for 
America, until we came Sister Anna Eby and Dr. Nickey ably looked after the station 
affairs. By them we received a right royal welcome, and without delay we entered 
upon our new labors. The prevailing language of this place is Marathi, but Gujerati 
also is spoken. We get on fairly well, for the Marathi people are patient and long- 

Here at Dahanu we find all classes of people quite friendly — thanks to the kind 
ministrations of Bro. Ebeys. School work has been to the front the past few years. 
As at most other stations, the evangelistic side has not been pushed as successfully 
as we desire, owing to local conditions, but principally to a lack of efficient workers. 
There are good prospects of opening up a boarding school for boys here about Feb. 
1, from which we hope to raise up useful workers. 

Besides the regular mission work we are having quite a diversion in helping to build 
up at this place what in the future will possibly be the chief center for our Marathi 
work. At present we are erecting a bungalow for the single ladies of our station, and 
a dispensary, which in the future will be an adjunct to the Dahanu Mission Hospital. 
A large well is being sunk, in which water is just beginning to appear. 

It is good to report that during the year we have had a minimum of sickness. The 
Lord is our constant Help and Strength. 


Annual Report 

Karadoho Church, December 10, 1916 


The beginning of the year 1916 found us located at Dahanu. The first half of the 
year was spent in work among the women and children of the villages where we have 

An interesting feature of our work was the sewing classes held among some of 
the village girls. Most of them knew nothing about sewing and had to learn to hold 
and thread a needle. The attendance and interest in these classes was good until in 
July when one of the members — a Hindu girl, aged seven — fell into the well back of our 
house and was drowned. Owing to the ignorance and superstition of these people, this 
accident caused a considerable decrease in attendance for some time. However, the 
interest in this line of work seems to be renewed and we hope for good results. 

During the latter part of April the government granted a tract of land for a 
hospital, Girls' School and ladies' bungalow. It was quite late in the season to begin 
building, but through the untiring efforts and optimism of Bro. Ross work was begun, 
at once, on a line of five rooms. This building was practically finished in monsoon. 
It is now occupied by the Lichtys and the three single sisters at this station, with 
Sister Lichty as our home maker. 

The autumn months were spent at Landour, in the Himalaya Mountains. While 
there we lived in sight of the perpetual snows, and for the first time since leaving 
the States saw frost and ice. I returned to my work refreshed in body and spirit. 
How thankful we are to our Heavenly Father for these beautiful places of rest, which 
are such a splendid change from the heated plains! 

Since last July, except for the time spent at the hills, I have assisted Dr. Nickey 
in the medical work. I am happy to do what I can in this department, but a qualified 
nurse is needed, and we hope there may be one on the field before the dawn of 
another new year. 


The past year was spent at Dahanu in work among the women and school-children 
of the villages. We were associated with Brother and Sister Ebey in the work at 
this station until the month of August, when they went on their regular furlough. In 
the month of November Brother and Sister Lichty joined us to take charge of the 
work. Brother and Sister Garner and Sister Swartz upon their arrival in India came 
to this station for language study with a private pandit until the opening of the Poona 
Language School the first of the year. 


Our efforts among the women were directed mostly to the women of the villages 
in which we have schools controlled by the mission. Here we found an entrance into 
the homes of parents of school-children. Usually we were kindly received in these 
homes and our teaching and singing were welcomed. We were often invited to remain 
several days, and sometimes offered provisions and sleeping accommodations. We 

Annual Report 51 

visited in many new homes in these and surrounding near-by villages. Sometimes we 
met with opposition, and children would run and hide in fear. But the prejudice 
and fear are being gradually overcome and we are now invite^ to sing and tell 
stories. A Bible woman usually accompanies me on my tours to the villages. Some 
of our women workers are well trained for their line of service; others have a very 
elementary education and do not know their Bible well. For such we have outlined 
a three-year course of study. This course consists of Bible, tracts on Hinduism and 
Mohammedanism, and memorizing of portions of Scripture. At the end of each year 
they will be examined on the year's work. Following is a list of our women workers 
at Dahanu: 

Name Place of Work Work 

Sundrabai J. Khupte, District Bible woman 

Chandricabai J. Rananavare, Malyan Teacher 

Premabai S. Edke, Agwan Teacher 

Shantibai A. Padale, Malyan Assistant teacher 

Bazrubai K. Pitamber, Malyan Bible woman 

Rahelbai Y. Londe, Patharpada Bible woman 

Nanubai M. Maruti, Seravali Bible woman 

Nanubai S. Pol, Karsod Bible woman 

Ratanbai M. Lullu, Karadoho Bible woman 

Gracebai K. Fatu, Karadoho Bible woman 

Four men have been doing evangelistic work. Our evangelistic efforts have been 
chiefly among the farmer and fisher class of people, as these classes have been the 
most receptive to teaching. Special effort has been put forth to prepare our workers 
for an evangelistic campaign this coming winter. During the last few months of the 
year the village teachers, preachers and Bible women have been coming together 
weekly for Bible class and prayer. The touring season is now on and every school- 
teacher becomes a preacher also. We are planning to be out in camp a part of the 
season. In many places the soil must yet be prepared for the sowing of the seed. The 
task is a large one, and viewing it from the human standpoint it seems hopeless. But 
by faith we hope for the harvest time to surely come. 


In twelve of the surrounding villages day-schools have been in session during the 
year. In a number of these villages night sessions also were held for the boys and 
men who could not attend on account of their work. The total enrollment in these 
schools was about four hundred. Most of the children enrolled are from the lower 
castes. In several of the villages, however, a number of high-caste children, Parsees 
and Mohammedans, attend. The high-caste children usually advance more rapidly 
in their study than the low-caste children, but after all, the progress of the school 
depends on the ability of the teacher. In the recent examination for the school that did 
best consisted of low-caste children. Every child that was examined passed and 
passed well. The reason — their teacher is well qualified for her work. In all the 
schools the children receive some religious instruction. The Sunday-school lessons 
were taught in every school where we had Christian teachers. Three non-Christian 
teachers were employed, because we were unable to supply all the schools with Chris- 
tian teachers, but we are glad that Christian teachers are forthcoming, and soon we 
need not depend on the help of non-Christian teachers. Not as many children were 
examined this year in the All-India Sunday-school Examination as in previous years. 
This was on account of the increased fees owing to the rise in expenses. All teachers 
took the Sunday-school teachers' examination. Results were good in general. 

These school-children are our hope of the future. We wish we might be able to 
get more little girls into our schools. "Why should women be educated?" is the ex- 
cuse. We long to help them to the light. By faithful, persistent effort and prevailing 
prayer we hope to reach them, 

52 Annual Report 


The first part of the year was spent in language school. July 8 I came here to 
take up the medical work, and continue language study. It was decided to carry on 
the work near the railroad station, so rooms had to be rented for it. At first we had 
two native rooms, but later had to move into a single room which is very dark and 
inconvenient. The floors are the limpeoed ground, and the walls are bamboo limpooed. 
Natives live in the adjoining rooms, and if they wish to cook while we are in the dis- 
pensary we get- the full benefit of the smoke from their fire. Any patient needing 
minute inspection must be seen on the veranda, as it is too dark inside. 

The work being at a new place, it takes time for the people to learn where to come. 
Some even yet go to Bro. Ebey's bungalow for medicine. 

We hoped to serve mostly women and children, but so far the men patients are 
in the majority; however, the last few months more women are coming. 

Have had five obstetrical cases here, all of which were abnormal, most of which 
the native doctors and midwives had tried to attend to and being at their extremity 
called the missionary doctor. The results were gratifying in each case. Have had 
four obstetrical cases in other places. 

In fifteen cases we have been able to be of service to English and American mis- 
sionaries of other missions, besides several instances among our own missionaries. 

A few times we have gone with medicines to villages in which we have schools, 
with a fair response. 

I have much appreciated the assistance of Sister B. Mary Royer in the work. 


Through the generosity of a consecrated brother and wife and several friends 
whom they interested in our work we have been able to begin work on our new dis- 
pensary. The foundation is now being laid, and we hope it may be ready to oecupy 
a year hence. We will then be fairly equipped for dispensary work, but will have no 
provision for in-patients, without which our work must be very limited. 

The mission is supporting one of our native Christian girls in the North India 
Women's Christian Medical College. This is her first year. We are looking forward 
to her assistance on the completion of her course. 

Statistical Report 
Dahanu Medical Force: Dr. Barbara M. Nickey; Sister B. Mary Royer, medical 

Out-patients: Male, 467; Female, 172. 

In-patients — No place for any. 

Repeated treatments, 284; operations, minor, 12. 

Patients' religion: Christian, 51; Hindu, 538; Mohammedan, 37; Parsee, 12. 

Dispensary fees, Rs. 162-10-3 ($54); calls in homes, Rs. 111-0-0 ($37). 

Natives preparing for service, Miss Rajasbai Randive, Medical College. 


The Jalalpor Church 

Six were baptized during the year, three of whom are from among the people of 
the county and are the first indigenous converts during all these years of effort at 
Jalalpor. There are several other applicants for baptism. We received five members 
by letter and restored three to membership. Seven letters were granted, one brother 
was called to his home above and one fell away. The membership at the end of the 
year is thirty-six. 

Annual Report 





Villages 7/, P.p V4,f<?t 

Map of Jalalpor Mission Field 

Preaching services were held at Jalalpor each Sunday, and also Sunday-school 
and Christian Workers' meeting. Several young brethren who are doing evangelistic 
work did some very acceptable preaching for us. The offerings of the church, distinct 
from the Sunday-school offering, amounted to rupees 81 and annas 6. Rupees twenty- 
five of this are sent to the Mission Board for the Quinter Memorial Hospital. This is 
where our departed sister labored during the closing years of her life, and all were very 
glad to contribute something towards the memorial. During the entire year a daily 
prayer and Bible study meeting of a half hour was conducted with the Christians. 
Special Bible study classes were held for teachers. 


Each Christian teacher is an evangelist in his own village. However, the tempta- 
tion is to allow himself to become absorbed too much in his regular school work. By 
means of night meetings in the schoolhouse and daily contact with the villagers gospel 
messages are given to many. Most of them are young and are in many cases the only 
Christians in the whole village. Two supervisors made very frequent visits to the 
schools in their circuits, and besides giving religious teaching to the pupils, used the 
opportunity to instruct the villagers who are always present in greater or lesser num- 
bers when a visitor comes to their village. One teacher succeeded in getting thirty- 
six people in his village to subscribe for the church paper. Another teacher sold 
three New Testaments, and twelve Scripture portions, besides some tracts. 

We came in touch with hundreds of people right at our door by selling two kinds 
of salve for skin diseases. Each purchaser is given a gospel tract. By this means 
we frequently have very excellent opportunities to give personal messages. One day 
a dozen men came to Jalalpor to worship an idol. They came to the mission to buy 
ringworm medicine. We were just finishing an hour's study of Romans 6, and I asked 
a member of the class to explain the last verse to the men who came for medicine. 
They sat for an hour and listened with tense interest to a straight gospel message. 
When they left they said they would not come to worship the idol any more. One of 
the evangelists met some of them in their village later and they spoke of the good 
things they heard at the mission bungalow. 


Annual Report 

Three Village School Teachers, Jalalpor 

Colportage Work 
Our old bookseller, Brother 
Kanjibhai Trikam, was called home 
early in the year. Several other men 
were tried at the work, but none did 
nearly as well as Kanjibhai used to 
do. The record of the year falls far 
below that of other years. Six Bibles 
were sold, twenty-nine New Testa- 
ments, 678 gospel portions, and 660 
tracts. The Christian teachers also 
sold gospel portions and tracts to the 
pupils in their schools and to the peo- 
ple of their villages. Other tracts 
and handbills were distributed while 
going about in the villages, on the 
train, and even when out for an even- 
ing walk. A special tract explaining 
the meaning of Christmas was dis- 
tributed broadcast during Christmas 


We had six Sunday-schools throughout the year. The total enrollment was 306. 
Only three schools sent up pupils to the Sunday-school examination. Seventy-six 
pupils entered and thirty-four passed. The total offerings contributed by the five Sun- 
day-schools amounted to Rs. 126-7-6, of which Rs. 110-10-6 were given to religious and 
charitable purposes. One school in which not one pupil is a Christian gave Rs. 
22-13-, which is as much as the teacher's wage for two months. Another village Sun- 
day-school contributed Rs. 12-0. 


The village school offers a very good opportunity for intensive mission work. We 
conducted eight such schools throughout the year and one more during November and 
December. Seven applications for new schools were received, four of which were 
approved and schools opened in January of this year. Regular and systematic re- 
ligious teaching is done in each school. Only a few parents object to the religious 
teaching. A total of 349 boys and forty-two girls were enrolled. 

Three new schoolhouses were built at a cost of about $91 each. A fourth one was 
torn down and rebuilt at a cost of $84. The people of this fourth village promise 
to pay back to the mission this amount. 

A Village Schoolhouse, India 

Annual Report 


Literary Work 

Eighty-eight hundred copies of the Gujarati Sunday-school Quarterly were pub- 
lished during the year, and were used by the six missions working in Gujarat. On 
account of the high cost of paper the deficit was unusually large. To relieve our 
mission of the extra burden and to show its appreciation of the work done by our 
mission in the interest of Sunday-school work, the Gujarat Tract and Book Society 
gave us an unsolicited contribution of Rs. 200-. Sister Alice Ebey wrote the " Explan- 
atory Notes " for the entire year and Sister Shumaker wrote " Suggestions for Primary 
Teachers." The writer is the Gujarati editor and supervised the translation and prepa- 
ration of the Gujarati copy and also did the proofreading. The " Explanatory Notes " 
which are written for our Quarterly now appear in four different papers: The Gujarati 
Quarterly, the Marathi Quarterly, the Bombay Guardian and the Christian Patriot. 

Failing to find some one else to take up Sister Ebey's work when she went on 
furlough, the Gujarati editor was obliged to prepare the notes as well as translate them 
since October. ! 

Assembly at Village Schoolhouse for Christinas Treat, Jalalpor 

" A Bible Course for Teachers," by Dr. Schaurrler, was adopted by the Indian 
Sunday-school Union as the third book in the Sunday-school Teachers' Training 
Course. One of our Indian brethren translated it. All but a few chapters of the trans- 
lation were revised and corrected by the writer with the help of an Indian gentle- 
man from Jalalpor. The remaining chapters are being corrected by Bro. Long. The 
book will be published by the Gujarat Tract and Book Society and used by all the 
missions in Gujarat. 

We also had the honor of serving as an examiner for the Sunday-school Teacher- 
training Course, conducted by the Indian Sunday-school Union. Thirty-six papers 
were examined. 

Mission Secretary 

Our mission is growing. The problems facing us are increasing. This all greatly 
increases the work of the mission secretary. Carbon copies of all business transacted 
by the field committee are sent to each station for information and guidance. Between 
the meetings of the committees there is much correspondence to be carried on. This 
also was done by the Jalalpor missionary. 


It is always so difficult for a missionary mother to make a report, for there is 
so little of her work that shows up when tabulated, yet her duties are quite as many 

56 Annual Report 

and as necessary in their own sphere as some that show up better in a report. Besides 
the ordinary duties of the wife and mother in the home I was permitted to conduct 
weekly meetings for the Christian women living near the mission home. During 
part of the year the primary class in the Sunday-school also was in my hands. Every 
day some one comes to the mission bungalow for help of some kind, and there are 
abundant opportunities to touch the lives of the women in a way that only the mis- 
sionary mother can do. Many non-Christian women come to our home to buy or to 
sell or to visit, and thus we have opportunity to give a message of hope and cheer. 

As we do not yet have a teacher for the missionary children we must either send 
our children many miles away to a boarding school of some other church or teach 
them at home. We feel that the value of the home life is too great to be sacrificed in- 
the case of such small children, so the teaching of our two older children falls to their 
mother. The daily hours of school are pleasant when lessons are properly prepared 
and when too many visitors and business callers do not interrupt. The lack of rival 
pupils in the class lessens the interest of the pupils in their work and increases the 
difficulty of keeping them at their tasks. But their progress is encouraging, and with 
the hope that a teacher may come to us soon we now do the best we can, praying con- 
stantly that our children may become good and useful men and women in the church. 



Village Schools 

During 1913-1915 there had been a school in a village about five miles west of Vada. 
Since no missionary was here to take direct care of it, and the masters did not always 
do the right thing, it was closed. I asked one of the teachers who had been here for 
three years to try to secure a teacher. He brought his brother, and we three went to 
try to reopen this place, but the people said they did not want a school. The elder 
brother said, " Let us go to some of my neighboring villages [south of Vada] and we 
will have a place for a school in three days and will report to you." I said " All right," 
and let them go. They got the school at the village of Tilgav, and it was opened Jan. 
1. There have been thirty children in this school about all the year, our largest school 
at present. About this time another teacher came to us seeking work, so another of the 
old teachers got a place for a school in one of his neighboring villages; this was opened 
Feb. 1. During February a patel or head man of a village, Kambare, near to Tilgav, 
came to us and asked for a school. I went at once and made arrangements for it, 
and March 1 put there a man and his -wife whom we had brought with us from Poona 
for evangelistic and Bible woman work. She has ability to teach children, so we gave 
her the school, and he continues to move among the surrounding villages and preach 
to the people and get as many children into the school as possible. 


Needing some more room for the native Christians to live in we built a three- 
room line on a small plot of ground that Bro. Berkebile had bought adjacent to the bun- 
galow compound; also an office and a veranda was needed for the bungalow, so this 
was built. 


In the Vada district we have three native brethren employed as preachers, one 
in Vada, one at Hamrapur, fourteen miles west of Vada, and one at Kambare, seven 
miles south of Vada. They go out to the near-by villages morning and afternoon, 
and preach and talk to the people as they can find them. In this way the seed is 
sown directly among the people, who usually listen well and sometimes ask questions. 
Some seed from these several years of sowing has taken root, for several are asking for 

Annual Report 57 

Church Services 

The Christians living in Vada are very few, sometimes hardly enough to organize 
a Sunday-school. When sufficient we organized and had a good small Sunday-school, 
with preaching following. When not enough we all sat in one class and studied the 
lesson together. New workers came at different times, and some went away or out 
to villages to work. We also had a Christian Workers' Society during the rains while 
the Bible School boys were here. 

Bible School 

Seeing the great need of a Bible Class for our Marathi work and workers, our com- 
mittee authorized the securing of some young men from another mission where they 
train more workers than they can employ. So in August four young men were secured. 
They were graduates of the Marathi VII Standard, and also of a three-year course 
of normal or teacher-training work, which gives them a pretty fair foundation, sec- 
ularly. But with this they had had very little Bible teaching. So the first thing to 
give them was a preparatory course, consisting of Luke and Acts, the Bible section of 
our teacher-training book, fifty memory verses, and an essay, and the reading of the 
entire Bible. They were apt and took hold of this in good shape. In about three 
months the ground was covered and Bro. Pittenger and Sister Anna Eby made out the 
examination questions and graded the papers. 


Just as the Bible School work was being finished in November plague broke out 
in Vada. Upon the first sign (rats dying from being bitten by infected fleas) all the 
people were ordered to vacate the town and move out to the fields or anywhere to 
live in grass huts for a couple of months till the danger was over. Some rats died 
around our premises, so we, too, got out and lived in our tent in the edge of the woods 
where few people came around. We got settled nicely and I planned to spend several 
days visiting our schools. But just before starting. I was not feeling well and waked 
one night to find a bubo. This meant that somehow a bad flea had bitten me and 
implanted the dreaded disease in my system. We had taken all the preventive meas- 
ures that we could — inoculation and a couple of drops of iodine daily — yet the disease 
took hold and kept me down all of December. Dr. Cottrell came out twice and gave 
needed medicines and directions for disinfecting. When the disease was at its worst 
the field committee had met in their regular session and made special prayer for my re- 
covery. From that time I began to mend and the fever became less until Christmas, 
when it ceased to come. But from the twenty days of fever I was so weak that it 
is requiring a couple of months to get all my strength back. The Father has been very 
good and saw fit to bring me through this affliction. By this I know that He has a 
purpose yet for my life. I had planned to spend most of this cold season out among 
the villages, but He planned differently. What His purposes are has not been made 
known to us yet, but we know that they are good and will result better than had our 
plans carried. His be all the praisel 

The Vada Field and Its Opportunity 
The town of Vada is the county seat of the Taluka of Vada, which has an area 
of about 300 square miles. There is quite a bit of forest in this area, yet a large part 
is under cultivation, rice being the principal crop. Many of the people are well-to-do, 
that is, the middle and upper classes. They own the land and employ the lower classes, 
who are little more than slaves. These are the depressed classes and illiterate, and 
are the ones easiest to be reached with the Gospel; yet being held so tight by their 
owners it makes it hard, too. In this county there are more than 150 villages with 
a population of about 44,000. There are only about twenty government schools for 
all these, and since the war the government is not opening any new schools; so here 
is a great opportunity for us as a mission among this people. They want education, 
for they have seen the benefit of it, so they ask us for schools, and as fast as we can 

58 Annual Report 

we give to them. It will take workers and means and time, but in the long run will yield 
most abundant fruit. A Christian teacher living in a village has a very wholesome 
effect on the people, and they are unconsciously led toward Christianity. 

To the north of us is Jawhar Native State, which is still farther back in educa- 
tion and needs to be reached. To the west is Mahim County, holding within its 
borders 93,000 people, two-thirds of whom are of the backward classes. To the south 
also is unoccupied territory with large population. On the east is the Pentecostal 
Mission, so the eastern end of Vada County and Jawhar State is in their territory, but 
to us is left a district at least twenty-two miles north and south and thirty-three miles 
east and west (over 700 square miles), with over 140,000 people to work. Can these be 
reached with the gospel message in this generation? Yes, if the home church will stand 
back of us with means and prayers. Who is it that is looking for some big thing to 
do? Let him see to the evangelization of such a district. We have barely touched the 
southeast corner of this territory with a half-dozen schools, and one preacher fourteen 
miles to the west of Vada. Three miles farther west is Manor, a commercial center, 
where a good man should be placed to preach and establish schools in that vicinity. 
So as rapidly as we can we will push the work to the west and north. 

Another need and opportunity is a boarding school here. The village schools 
can teach only up to about the fourth standard; then we should have a boarding school 
in which to take all who will come and carry them to the seventh standard and also 
teach them farming, gardening, carpentry, or any trade that will be useful to them. 
There are many orphan children who might be gathered in and cared for. And when 
we have a Christian community here their children will be to care for and educate 
in a Christian school. But as yet we have no land on which to build up such an insti- 
tution. It will take means and time, but the results will amply repay the outlay. 


When we look over the year that is past we wonder what it was that kept us so 
busy, for it seems that there is so little that is worthy of mention. But when we stop 
to count our friends and acquaintances they number a great many more than they 
did when we came here a year ago. It is such a pleasure while going about to be 
called to from here and there, sometimes for a wayside chat, or perhaps invited in for a 
cup of tea, or perhaps a woman from another village, whom we have met in her 
home, stops to talk enough to show that they are friends; or we have been able to 
help in a medical way, and they show their friendship and appreciation by sending 
a gift of a chicken, some vegetable or fruit, or eggs, etc., the friendship of course mean- 
ing much more than the gift. We have visited in the homes of the high and the low 
alike, and they in turn come to see us in our home. We have been especially glad 
for the friendship of the children from many homes and various castes, from the 
Brahman to the farmer class, and of the head mistress of the Government Girls' 
School, who is high caste and makes regular calls to get a little help in English. She 
reads quite well and has a good vocabulary, but having had no practice she is deficient 
in the use of her words, so talking to us in English is a great pleasure to her. 

Our Christian community is small here, so our work among them does not mean 
as much as it does at some of the other stations; but each week the few women come 
together for sewing and a Bible lesson, and occasionally close with a social cup of tea. 

The village Sunday-schools among the various castes are interesting and have 
been well attended this year, one averaging about thirty; the other, a little smaller, 
averaging about eighteen, it being a newer place of work. There are bright minds among 
them, although the exterior is rough. There is much room for improvement, of course, 
and they are improving. Plague breaking out in the town, and the people scattering, 
closed these schools since November; and some of our little friends, who were very 
dear to us, will not be among their playmates when we go to them again. They have 
been laid away and we will miss them. 

Annual Report 


How differently we spent the closing months of the year from what we had 
planned! Instead of being out in active work among the villages we were wrestling 
with disease and sickness. Never did we see so plainly the contrast between us, 
who know the living God as a loving Father and a present Friend, and those about us, 
who know none but human help to turn to when anxious and troubled; and how frail 
human help is anyway! Yet how precious the comforting messages from our fellow 
missionaries, and the solicitude of our own town people! We have been saved to serve, 
now we have been spared for better service no doubt. May His Spirit lead us into 
better service the coming year! 



Another year has passed, with little done, so it seems to us. Our language study 
has not yet been finished, but is resting at present, for the new missionary, taking 
hold of new work, will surely not have the hear.t to retain any criticism that may 
have been made against others for doing so little. 

Early in the year I accepted, by invitation, a position in the Anklesvar Anglo-ver- 
nacular School, teaching science in the classes of the higher grades. Thus, for six 
months, I found pleasure, and I trust profit, in meeting with the young people of the 
higher classes, Hindoos, Mohammedans and Parsees. This I felt was an opportunity 
to wield an influence over the lives of non-Christian young men, who seldom come 
to hear our preaching, and who are to become leaders in this country. I had hoped 
that this might continue, but upon the return of Brother and Sister Ebey and Sister 
Holsopple to America it was seen fit to transfer several workers, that all the stations 
might be cared for. Thus it was in August that we moved to Vali. Formal regret 

was expressed by stud- 
ents, teachers, and pa- 
trons of the school, but 
we were obliged to 
leave Anklesvar. 

Our Vali home was 
different. Three miles 
of muddy and almost 
impassable roads sepa- 
rated us from the rail- 
road station. But the 
abundance of trees and 
tall palms, the fields of 
grain on every side, 
the garden of fruit and 
flowers left us by Bro. 
Lichty fully paid u s 
for every sacrifice. We 
love our Vali home, 
but more, we love the 
people of our village. 

In the village of 
Vali is a nice, substan- 
tial church. Near the 
church live about thirty 
Christian families. The 
rest of the village is 
mostly non-Christian. 
Most of the Chris- 

Sketch of Vali Mission Territory 
The map includes a little more than half of Raj Pipla State. Broken 
line is Anklesvar-Nandod Railroad line. Dotted line in- 
dicates boundary between hills and plains 

60 Annual Report 

tians are farmers, having become such by mission help, and are now gradually- 
paying their debts as their crops mature year after year. Some are practically out 
of debt, while others, even with free land and no interest to pay, find it hard to manage. 

We have very little to report but that we are enjoying the fruits of others' labors. 
Financing for the farm boys, the village school, Sunday service, preparation for a 
boarding school that we hope to begin early in 1917, furnish something for the mis- 
sionary to occupy his time. Thus we live, hoping for the future rather than boasting 
of the past. We had hoped for a new school building this year, but owing to the 
high cost of building, and the many other urgent calls for money, we are planning to 
get on with as little expense as possible. The bullocks are robbed of their stable, the 
carts stand under the trees, and the old stable is converted into a boarding-school 
building. New bamboo walls and new mud floors, and the old building puts on a dif- 
ferent appearance, but the poor oxen will have to stand out this winter and put up with 
a temporary shed during next rains. But boys are worth more than oxen, so we give 
the boys the building, hoping for a new one next year. 

The rains were good, rice yielded well, and cotton promises a good crop. Pray ye 
the Lord of the harvest, that these farmers, gathering in their grain, may not fail to 
gather sheaves for the Master. 


Our work was done in two places the past year — at Anklesvar until we came here 
in August, and at this place the remainder of the year. 

At Anklesvar the supervision of the Widows' Home was the larger part. There 
were about seven women and as many children in the Home at that time. Several of 
the children were those whose mothers had died and the rest were children of the 
widows. Daily routine of giving out provisions and seeing that the children were 
properly cared for, was the work. Sometimes a wedding took place. Then the mo- 
notony was broken by going to the bazaar for the wedding garments and helping the 
women to make them. During the time we had it in our care three widows were mar- 
ried and one new baby was taken and cared for. As with all such institutions, there 
were pleasant times and troublous times, but altogether it was an enjoyable work. 

During the hot season it became very warm, and as Barbara who was cutting 
teeth was not well I took her to Bulsar for several weeks. There she began to 
have an appetite and to improve. 

The Christian children's Sunday-school class was another enjoyable feature of the 
work. When all came there were about twenty of them. They were a bright and 
interesting lot of youngsters. 

When we came to Vali, Sister Lichty's work fell to my lot, and oh, how unfit I 
felt for it! She, having been here so many years, was loved and respected by all and 
looked up to as a mother. But as this work was new to me I was not expected to 
do as she had done, and so it was not so hard after all. 

We had three classes during the week and a women's class on Sunday. The 
classes were " Christian Women's Sewing Society," " girls' class," and " boys' class." 
These classes were interesting, and we hope helpful to those who attended. This work 
was suspended for awhile the latter part of the year on account of sickness. 


Staff of Missionaries 

The number of missionaries at Vali varied from four to one and then increased to 
three. For nearly three months Brother and Sister Lichty, the senior missionaries, 
were loaned to Bulsar Bible School. In September they went for vacation to the 
hills, and on their return they moved to Dahanu, where they take up the work left by 
Brother and Sister Adam Ebey. Bro. Arnold and family moved to Vali in August. 

Annual Report 61 


The educational work has largely been an effort to carry on the work already 
started. The greatest task is to create a demand for an education. Without the 
demand on the part of either patron or pupil it is difficult to keep up the attendance. 
When this dwindles too near, or below, the danger point, about the only thing to do 
is to stop the school. Of course, where there is a small Christian community the 
school is kept going, even though the number is quite small. During the year one 
school was closed and two were opened. In general we believe there is a growing 
sentiment in favor of education. The school at Vali continued as usual, and is of a 
standard such as to call forth the commendation of the government inspector of schools. 
Two of the teachers of this school were granted scholarships by the educational com- 
mittee to attend teacher-training school in the I. P. Mission. Hence, for the new 
year we have a new corps of teachers. 

We try to have this phase of work prominent in all of our effort in the villages. 
Where there are Christians they are called together daily for prayers. Occasionally a 
non-Christian drops in and there is opportunity to present the message. But for the 
most part it depends on personal work with individuals. And so it is readily seen 
that the success depends largely on the qualification of the worker. Brother and 
Sister Lichty spent two months in the district, thus bringing the gospel message to 
hundreds. We regret that we are able to report only five baptisms. Preaching services 
were conducted every Sunday in the Vali church, also at the Amletha meetinghouse. 
Two of our capable Bible women were removed by death. The closing of the Bible 
School at Bulsar gives us Bro. Ichhabhai Narsibhai, who will devote his efforts to 
evangelistic work in the district. 


Our village day-schools are in session seven days of the week. On Sunday there 
is a short session, at which time the Sunday-school lesson is taught. The Vali Sunday- 
school had a successful year. Attendance and regularity, as well as offerings, have in- 
creased. There is not as much interest as formerly in the United Sunday-school exam- 
ination. However, there were some candidates at both Vali and Amletha. Two 
classes of teacher-training were conducted. 


All of our readers know that farming constitutes the industrial work at this place. 
One farmer boy was married, and another family moved here from the district, thus in- 
creasing the community by two families. There was scarcity of rainfall in 1915, so the 
crops maturing in 1916 were not so encouraging. The present year has been better in 
that respect, and there was a very fair rice crop. However, the value of rice is rather 
reduced. The fodder crops, as well as the cotton, are still in the fields. The former 
bids fair to be bountiful, while the price of cotton is high enough to encourage those 
who are fortunate to have a good stand. There is good hope that several of the farmer 
boys will be able to get out of debt within a few months. Some farming work is car- 
ried on at out-stations. The results are only partially encouraging. 


111 health made it necessary for Sister Holsopple to leave Vali during the hot 
months of May and June. At the request of the medical committee she went to Dr. 
Wanless for medical advice. In accord with his recommendation, as well as that of 
our own doctors, the field committee advised that she return to America for treat- 
ment. Although this arrangement leaves the writer quite alone, yet letters telling of 
her returning health are compensation. 

62 Annual Report 



During the year our work had its successes and failures. We had more troubles 
in the church than we ever desire again, yet we are trusting that the test of fire 
may leave us all the purer. There were also blessing and many days of real rejoic- 
ing and gladness. Ninety-six were added to the number of our Christians. Thus 
both our joys and responsibilities increase, and hence the more need for your constant 
sympathy and prayers daily. 

Boarding School 

We are not enlarging this school, though it might be made very large. Never- 
theless, much of our hope for the future success and progress of the work at Vyara 
depends on this school. Am glad to report that the government examiner passed 79 
per cent of the boys this last time, and seemed as usual very pleased over the school. 
As the boys come to know their duty they give themselves to the Master, just as 
they ought to do. As they leave us, soon or late, they will form the happy part of 
any village audience that may greet us, and of our Christian congregations. 

Sunday- Schools 
With every village school we are trying to have a Sunday-school, and this year 
there was marked improvement over the preceding year. In 1915, 140 sat in the exam- 
ination given by the India Sunday-school Union, while this year 203 sat, and a very 
creditable number of passes were registered. Our best school was here at the main 
station. At least one medal was wOn. One of our little boys won the highest grade 
in his division, though he had too few marks for a medal, and for the station at least 
ten prizes were won. These prizes consist of Bibles and New Testaments. Vyara had 
fifteen Sunday-schools during the year. 


Seventeen candidates took either the first or the second-year course, and sat for 
examination. Many of our teachers are anxiously awaiting the third-year course. 
They realize the benefit accruing from this study. We are glad to help them all we 
can in this good work. 

Village Schools 

Every year we keep hoping for great improvement in these schools. At times 
they look good, but again, when work is abundant, the daily average is rather dis- 
couraging. One need not wonder, though, if he considens the poverty of the people. 
Besides, the villager little realizes the value of education. This year we had nine 
day-schools and four night-schools, with a total enrollment of 302. Besides, we have 
an enrollment of about seventy in the boarding school. Three of these village schools 
are under government inspection. 

The Church 

Liquor is one of the ever-present temptations of our village people. I am glad 
to report that in the latter part of the year the people of their own accord made strict 
laws for themselves against any one who drinks. They will break over and in due 
time do away with their own-made rules, yet we are glad for even this consciousness of 
the evil of drink, and this effort to break with the bad habit. It goes without the 
telling that our teachers with all their force encourage total abstinence. 

Our health was reasonably good during the year; so also that of our workers. 
Several new workers have been added to our list, recently. During the first week of 
this year, 1917, we had a season of Bible study and prayer and confession of sins, 
such as makes the heart of the missionary glad. The outlook seems most favorable 
and we press on with more faith in our God for blessing than ever. 

In all the endeavors of the writer, Sister.^Long has borne a faithful and full part. 
She has made it possible for me to be about the Master's work, freely, has given 

Annual Report 


out some medicines, and besides the training of our own children was able to help 
in some measure in the instruction of our Christian women about us. We give the 
Master unstinted praisejor all His mercies to us. 

Women's Work 
Since our report of last year an encouraging number of women have been bap- 
tized. In one village, where we tented for more than a month, seventeen women re- 
ceived baptism. They came to the tent twice daily for instruction. Evenings were 

devoted to girls in class work 
and song service. 

We were pleased to see the 
interest one woman manifested. 
She has a family of four children, 
all rather small. On the day of 
baptism in that village, work 
called her from home, and so she 
was absent when the others were 
baptized. Upon her return in the 
evening she felt so disappointed 
to have been left that it took her 
appetite. She came to us and 
said, " Until I am baptized I will 
not be able to eat or sleep, and 
this will affect my nursing child, 
I fear." Before we could make 
arrangements to have some one 
come again for this work, she, 
early one morning, with another 
woman who had decided to take 
the same step, started to walk 
to Vyara, eleven miles distant. 
She left her baby at home, but 
the next older child ran after his 
mother, crying until she put him 
across her hip and carried him 

Before they reached Vyara 
they were overtaken by a near- 
by villager, who asked them to 
ride, and this was a great help 
to the mother. If the readers 
could have seen, with me, the joy 
in that woman's countenance as 
she returned home late that night, 
I am sure they would have joined 
me in shedding tears of joy in 
that they were numbered with 
the children of God. 

On Christmas Day, this year, 
ten more women and girls were 
baptized along with the thirty 
men. Two of these girls belong 
to the boarding school. 


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64 Annual Report 

If, when we tour, one or two others could be doing the same kind of work and 
putting forth the same kind of effort in other circuits, greater numbers could be 
reached. We get over the ground, but cannot spend enough time at any one place, 
except the place and surroundings of our tent, to reach the masses. 

With men it is different. If a meeting is held in a certain village, be it day or night, 
men are free to go, whatever the distance and however dark the night. But not so 
with women. We must take the Gospel to their door. Neither are our Indian women 
helpers as free as are the men, to get out and about. India is one of the countries 
where women must work among women, and even then they are much more back- 
ward and harder to reach than are the men. And so, as a natural result, every time 
we have baptism there are many more men than women to receive the rite. 

We have often wished the village women would remove the many strings of beads 
they wear about the neck. Government, too, became disgusted with such ornaments 
(?), and took steps to have the officials ask them gradually to remove these white 
stone beads. These officers made a clean sweep of it and ordered them to take off 
every string; they might keep one if they wished. But most of them said, "Who 
would keep only one string?" We smile now as we see the women attend the weekly 
bazaars everywhere, with their necks so bare. 

When not touring and when at home the daily class for the indigenous Christian 
women was kept up the same as last year. They have been faithful in attendance, in 
spite of the fact that several of them were out on day labor wherever they could get it. 
And each one of them has her own housework to do and family to care for, so that 
they are by no means idle women. They are often asked by non-Christian, illiterate 
women, what they can learn, not being educated. This gives them an opportunity in 
Bible story telling, which becomes self-evident to the questioner as to their ability 
and what they have learned. Each Wednesday they sew instead of having their regular 
class work. 

Girls' Boarding School 

This year, in May, the girls were given the longed-for privilege of moving into the 
new building especially erected for them. It has made such a difference in their 
general appearance and in their health, that we no more hear the cry of girls staying 
out of school on account of itch and sore heads. Fever, too, seems to be much less 
among them. 

There are several more of them, too, and we hope in 1917 the number may be 
increased to the very limit of our support for them. For various reasons during 1916 
the girls' boarding school had a hard and serious time, but prospects are good for a 
bright future. 

Most of the girls have parents. Some of them have only a father living; others 
only a mother, and several are orphans. Some of the first girls have dropped out, 
but we still hope to recover several of them. One ran away and her parents got her 
married, so we will not try to get her back. As many as are old enough have become 
Christians. A half-dozen are too small, but they are doing nicely in school. 

They work outside of school hours. This year there was so much filling to do 
around the new building that much of their time has gone on that. They tried to have 
a garden, but having no well on their side the garden ceased with the rains. 

We hire no clothing made for them, but they do their own sewing all by hand. 
Those who are too small to do their own have the older girls do it for them. Piecing 
quilt covers is part of their sewing work. This sewing is all done in backstitching, 
and when skilled they make it look almost like machine-sewing. Several of the boys, 
too, took to sewing, and did very well, but that class is dropped for the present. 

This year every girl passed in the examination given by the government inspector, 
which is the best record yet made in the history of the Vyara Girls' School. They also 
took the Sunday-school examination, in which most of them passed. 

These girls have become quite proficient in singing " Garba," a long song sung by 

Annual Report 


women while they go around in a circle. This is one means of entertainment at a 
special program in school when company comes, or when any one comes to see the 
school. They take part also in the singing band which the boys conduct, whenever 
they are given a chance to be present. 

Prayers are held in the morning as soon as they have their toilet done; again when 
the school opens at 10 o'clock, and in the evening after they are through with school 
they close with prayer. They have learned many Scripture verses and passages which 
they can repeat very readily. Saturday evening is given to playing games and sport, 
as they have gotten their lessons ready in the Friday night school for Monday morn- 







































































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1 .IIP? *^ * 


A Village School and Visitors, Jalalpor 

66 Annual Report 


1. World-Wide Fund 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 2,023 86 

Donations reported in the Visitor, $ 43,558 33 

Income from endowment and real estate, 44,682 11 

Interest on Brethren Publishing House, 6,529 83 

Interest on bank account, 412 71 

From Levi Harley estate, 2,375 01 97,557 99 

$ 99,581 85 
Annual Meeting Committees, Account No. 24, $ 147 60 

Annuities on Endowment Funds, 32,554 18 

Publications, Account No. 26, 6,771 08 

General Expense, Account No. 27, 6,906 77 

District Mission Work, Account No. 28, 4,240 00 

Sweden Mission, Account No. 4, 3,498 80 

Denmark Mission, Account No. 5, 2,921 95 

India Mission, Account No. 2, 34,370 75 

China Mission, Account No. 3, 9,519 58 

Miscellaneous, Transfers, etc., 423 97 $101,354 68 

Deficit to New Year, $ 1,772 83 

2. India Fund 

Balances from various India accounts last year, $ 10,575 15 

Donations reported through the Visitor, $ 1,080 99 

Interest on endowment, 214 50 

Special supports of workers, Account No. 12, 9,402 11 

Transmission to missionaries, Account No. 14, 1,002 95 

Native Schools, reported in Visitor, 20 32 ... 

Industrial work, reported in Visitor, 11 50 

Hospital Furnishings, Receipt No. 9083, 5 00 

Dahanu Hospital Building, Account No. 18, 831 76 

Hospital, reported in Visitor, 417 49 

Dispensary, Account No. 19, 1,000 00 

Vali Churchhouse, reported in Visitor, 141 48 

Widows' Home, reported in Visitor, 135 00 

Boarding Schools, reported in Visitor, 1,340 48 

Orphanage and Training Department, 2,835 66 

Quinter Memorial Hospital, Account No. 20, 2,464 13 

Native Workers, Account No. 13, 3,569 47 

Special donations, refunds on fares, etc., 2,178 51 

From World-Wide Fund to balance, 34,370 75 $ 61,022 10 

Expenditures — 

General Missions, $ 12,303 55 

Railroad and steamer fares, outfit expense, voyage money, 

furloughs, etc., 5,624 85 

Medical Magazines for doctors, 100 00 

Medical service for missionaries, 94 00 

Educational campaign for Hospital, and stereopticon, .... 54 59 

Supports for workers, 13,634 19 

Publishing work, 382 00 

Bungalow and permanent repairs, 450 00 

Native Quarters, 1,500 00 

Medical work, 600 00 

$ 71,597 25 

Annual Report 67 

Bungalows, $ 2,400 00 

Grading Bulsar Compound, 145 00 

Bible Teachers' Training School, 1,000 00 

Vacation Fund, 1,000 00 

Language School, 500 00 

Bulsar Rent Houses, 300 00 

Improvements on Bulsar Board School, 350 00 

Wells at stations, 350 00 

Boarding School Bldgs., Anklesvar, 500 00 

General Land Account, 1,875 00 

Furlough Account, 100 00 

Court Trial, Anklesvar, 400 00 

Servants and Teachers' Quarters, 807 50 

Ahwa Dispensary and Granary, 167 50 

Village Churchhouses, 250 00 

India Native Schools, 14 10 

India Industrial Work, 450 00 

Vyara Girls' School, 859 25 

Hospital, 5,300 00 

Dispensary, 1,000 00 

Vali Churchhouse, 80 40 

Boarding Schools, 3,385 00 

Orphanage and Training Department, 3,293 00 

Native Workers, 4,331 35 

Transfers to other funds, 16 88 

Transmission, special, 1,002 94 $ 64,621 11 

Balances to New Year- 
Missionary Children's School, $ 10 00 

Hospital Furnishings, 5 00 

Dahanu Hospital Building, 831 76 

Vali Churchhouse, 61 08 

Orphanage and Training Department, 3,393 64 

Quinter Memorial Hospital, less overdrawn $1,128.10 in 

Hospital General Account, 1,402 03 

Native Workers, 1,272 63 $ 6,976 14 

$ 71,597 25 

3. China Fund 

Receipts — 

Balances from old year, $ 3,893 92 

Donations, reported in Visitor, $ 1,807 56 

Interest on endowment, 77 50 

Special Supports of Workers, Account No. 12, 5,925 35 

Refunds on voyage money, etc., 550 20 

Orphanage, reported in Visitor, 1,413 94 

Medical Work, Class 9, S. Los Angeles, 175 00 

Hospital, reported in Visitor, 866 93 

Liao Chou Girls' School Bldg., Account No. 21, 2,521 40 

Ping Ting Hospital, Account No. 22 1,750 39 

Liao Chou Hospital, Account No. 23, 2,369 30 

Boys' School, reported in Visitor, 168 88 

Girls' School, reported in Visitor, 165 82 

Native Workers, Account No. 16, 1,004 13 

Transmission, Account No. 15, 366 45 

From World-Wide Fund to Balance, 9,519 58 $ 28,682 43 

Expenditures — 

General Missions, $ 1,741 94 

Supports of Workers, 8,757 53 

Furloughs and Trav. Expense of Workers, 2,421 61 

Medical Supplies, equipment, etc., 1,727 22 

Equipment for American children school, 49 09 

Station hire, etc., 365 00 

$ 32,576 35 

68 Annual Report 

Industrial work at Ping Ting Hsien, $ 150 00 

House rent and repairs, 325 00 

Language Teachers, 210 00 

Women's Evangelistic, 137 50 

Books, tracts, etc., 150 00 

Peking Language School, 240 00 

Vacations, 190 00 

Fire Proof Safes, 100 00 

Residence, Liao Chou, 1,000 00 

Heavy furniture for new workers, 225 00 

Orphanage, 2,025 00 

Ping Ting Hospital, 4,331 08 

Liao Chou Hospital, 4,440 69 

Girls' School, 600 00 

Native Workers, 738 06 

Transmission, 366 45 $ 30,291 17 

Balances to New Year — 

South China Mission, $ 363 02 

China Hospital, 2,509 62 

Liao Chou Girls' School Bldg., 2,521 40 

Native Workers, 390 20 

Orphanage, $ 76 94 

Ping Ting Hospital, 2,322 69 

Liao Chou Hospital, 1,099 43 $ 2,285 18 

$ 32,576 35 
4. Sweden Fund 

Receipts — 

Donations, reported in Visitor, $ 60 00 

Transmission amounts for poor, Account No. 17, 34 00 

Special supports, Account No. 12, 300 00 

From World-Wide to balance account, 3,498 80 $ 3,892 80 

Expenditures — 

Support of District Work, $ 1,933 45 

Transmission amounts for poor, 34 00 

Support of workers, rent, taxes, etc., 1,925 35 $ 3,892 80 

5. Denmark Fund 

Donations, reported in Visitor, $ 48 65 

Supports of Workers, Account No. 12, 300 00 

From World-Wide Fund to balance account, 2,921 95 $ 3,270 60 

Support of District work, $ 1,982 07 

Traveling expense, 123 15 

Legal expense and supplies for mission, 15 38 

Support of workers, 1,150 00 $ 3,270 60 

6. Church Extension 

Receipts — 

Balance from old year, $ 11,478 16 

Donations reported in Visitor, 32 90 $ 11,511 06 

Balance to new year, $ 11,511 06 

Annual Report 69 

Bills Receivable 
Loans paid by churches — * 

Sidney, Nebraska, $ 70.00 

Hartman, Colorado, 70 00 

Tacoma, Wash., 140 00 

Bandon, Oregon, 68 65 

Slifer, Iowa, 54 79 

Verdigris, Kansas, 60 00 

Empire, Cal., 200 00 

Freeport, Illinois, 400 00 

Lawrence, Kansas, 900 00 

Egeland, N. Dak., 100 00 

Bright Star, Okla., 75 00 

Raisin City, Cal., 300 00 

Onekama, Mich., 65 00 

Elk City, Okla., Ill 00 

Lowland, Colo., 40 00 

Ft. Worth, Texas, 25 00 $ 2,679 44 

Balance of loans in force at close of year, $ 8,908 81 $ 11,588 25 

New Loans made — 

Selma Cong., Virginia, $ 800 00 

Balance loans from last year, 10,788 25 $ 11,588 25 

7. Ministerial and Missionary Relief Fund 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 12,606 01 

Earnings Brethren Publishing House, $ 1,560 00 

Earnings Gish Publishing Fund, 664 69 

Payment on Mohler Property, Quinter, Kans., 140 25 

Receipt No. 9316, 2 00 

Receipt No. 9331 10 00 

Receipt No. 9413, 2 50 $ 2,379 44 

$ 14,985 45 
Expenditures — 

Paid out in assistance to ministers or their widows, $ 2,750 00 

Balance to new year, $ 12,235 45 

8. Gish Testament Fund 

Receipts — 

Balance on hand at beginning of year, $ 630 80 

Expenditures — 

Printing and binding Testaments, $ 763 65 

Deficit to new year, $ 132 85 

9. Gish Publishing Fund 

Income from Gish Endowment, $ 3,323 46 

Expenditures — 

Balance from last year, 64 95 

To Ministerial and Missionary Relief Fund, 664 69 

Books purchased for the fund, 3,395 03 

Expenses of Committee, postage, etc., 10 92 $ 4,135 59 

Deficit to new year, $ 812 13 

70 Annual Report 

10. Brethren Publishing House 

Receipts — • 

By cash from Publishing House, $ 10,969 21 

Expenditures — 

Loan to Publishing House, $ 5,000 00 

Expenses of incorporation, 496 52 

Repairs, upkeep and insurance on Bldg., 2,382 86 

Interest on Investment, to income endowment, 8,089 83 $ 15,969 21 

Deficit to new year, $ 5,000 00 

11. Special Funds 

Africa — 

On hand at beginning of year. No increase, $ 85 01 

On hand at beginning of year. No increase, 85 30 

Philippines — 

On hand at beginning of year. No increase, 81 40 

Porto Rico— 

On hand at beginning of year. No increase, 234 42 

Work among the Arabs — 

On hand at beginning of year. No increase, 50 00 

South America- 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 126 34 

Donations. Reported in Visitor, 19 00 145 34 

New England Mission- 
On hand at beginning of year. No increase, 155 00 

Southern Native White— 

On hand at beginning of year. No increase, 93 23 

San Francisco Mission- 
On hand at beginning of year. No increase, 5 00 

Cuba Mission — 

On hand at beginning of year. No increase, 283 77 


On hand at beginning of year. No increase, 16 00 

Jerusalem Mission — 

On hand at beginning of year. No increase 140 66 

Italian Mission — Brooklyn — 

Receipts — 

On hand at beginning of year, $ 1,114 77 

Donations, reported in Visitor, 763 89 1,878 66 

Expenditures — 

To J. Kurtz Miller, Brooklyn, New York, $ 1,300 00 

Balance to new year, 578 66 

Colored Mission — 

On hand at beginning of year. No increase, 121 00 

Colored Mission, Industrial — 

On hand at beginning of year. No increase, 397 75 

Seattle Churchhouse — 
Receipts — 

Donations. Reported in Visitor, 52 35 

Expenditures — 

To F. F. Dull, Seattle, Washington, 52 35 

3 SO 

3 50 

45 00 

45 00 

1,807 95 

1,807 95 

58 21 

58 21 

20 88 

20 88 

Annual Report 71 

Chicago Sunday School Extension — 
Receipts — 

Donations. Reported in Visitor, $ 

Expenditures — 

To Chicago Sunday School Extension, Chicago, 111., 

Belgian Relief- 
Receipts — 

Donations. Reported in Visitor 

Expenditures — 

To Belgian Relief, 

Armenian and Syrian Relief — 
Receipts — 

Donations. Reported in Visitor. 

Expenditures — 

Paid to Relief Committees, 

Polish Sufferers- 
Receipts — 

Donations. Reported in Visitor, 

Expenditures — 

To Relief Committees, 

Albanian Relief — 
Receipts — 

Donations. Reported in Visitor, 

Expenditures — 

To Relief Committees, 

12. Special Support Funds 

Southern California Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 8958, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 9414, 150 00 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Gertrude Emmert in India, $ 300 00 

Middle Pennsylvania Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 50 00 

Receipt No. 8877, 150 00 

Receipt No. 9263, 20 00 

Receipt No. 9356, 150 00 370 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. Jesse B. Emmert in India, $ 300 00 

Balance to new year, 70 00 $ 370 00 

Eastern Pennsylvania Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 8891 $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 9406 150 00 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Kathryn Ziegler in India, $ 300 00 

Western Pennsylvania Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 275 00 

Transfer from India Mission, 16 88 

72 Annual Report 

Receipt No. 9240, $ 600 00 $ 891 88 

Support Sisters Ida Shumaker and Olive Widdowson $ 600 00 

To M. J. Brougher, Greensburg, Pa 16 88 

Balance to new year, 275 00 $ 891 88 

Pipe Creek Congregation, Maryland 
Balance from last year, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 9085 250 00 

Income on Switzer endowment, 50 00 $ 450 00 

Support Bro. W. B. Stover in India, $ 300 00 

Balance to new year, 150 00 $ 450 00 

Cedar Rapids Sunday School, Iowa 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 8671, 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Towards support of Emma Horning in China, 300 00 

Quemahoning Congregation, Pennsylvania 

Balance from last year, $ 181 25 

Support Bro. Q. A. Holsopple in India, 300 00 

Balance due, to new year, $ 118 75 

First Church, Philadelphia 

On hand at beginning of year. No receipts or expenditures, $ 300 00 

Altoona Sunday School, Pennsylvania 
On hand at beginning of year. No receipts or expenditures, $ 150 00 

Nebraska Foreign Fund 
Receipt No. 8579, $ 50 00 

Receipt No. 8649 25 00 

Receipt No. 8732, 42 72 

Receipt No. 8960, 4 75 

Receipt No. 8975, 15 00 

Receipt No. 9062, 14 15 

Receipt No. 9214, 14 75 

Receipt No. 9271, 16 80 

Receipt No. 9475, 40 75 $ 223 92 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from old year, $ 151 02 

Support Sister Josephine Powell, 300 00 $ 451 02 

Balance due, to new year, $ 227 10 

Middle Iowa Sunday Schools 


Balance from last year, $ 18 56 

Receipt No. 9338 12 64 

Receipt No. 9448, 268 80 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. S. Ira Arnold in India, $ 300 00 

Annual Report 73 

S. G. Nickey and W. I. Buckingham Families 

Receipt No. 8820, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 9096, 150 00 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Dr. Barbara M. Nickey in India, $ 300 00 

Mt. Morris College Missionary Society, Illinois 
Receipt No. 8822 $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 8955, 70 00 

Receipt No. 9094 60 00 

Receipt No. 9463, 70 00 $ 350 00 

Expenditures — 

Towards support of Bro. D. J. Lichty in India, $ 250 00 

Deficit from last year, 450 00 $ 700 00 

Deficit to new year, $ 350 00 

Mt. Morris Sunday School, Illinois 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 8744, .$ 50 00 

Receipt No. 9464, 250 00 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Towards support of Sister Sadie J. Miller in India, $ 250 00 

Deficit from last year, 50 00 $ 300 00 

Bethel Congregation and Sunday School, Nebraska 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 8751 $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 9159, 120 00 

Receipt No. 9454, 55 00 $ 325 00 

Expenditures — 

Towards support Bro. R. C. Flory in China, $ 325 00 

Second, Eastern and Northern Districts, Virginia 
Receipt No. 8620 $ 26 50 

Receipt No. 8674, 44 10 

Receipt No. 8680, 20 00 

Receipt No. 8697, 50 00 

Receipt No. 8792 73 86 

Receipt No. 8923, 50 00 

Receipt No. 8973, 50 00 

Receipt No. 8974, 2 00 

Receipt No. 9121, 19 76 

Receipt No. 9224 75 00 

Receipt No. 9438 225 00 

Receipt No. 9265, 121 32 $ 757 54 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, $ 419 83 

Support Bro. and Sister I. S. Long in India, 600 00 $ 1,019 83 

Deficit to new year, $ 262 29 

Oakley Congregation, Illinois 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 8970 $ 32 61 

Receipt No. 9013, 220 23 

Receipt No. 9330, 37 98 

Receipt No. 9462, 229 47 $ 520 29 

74 Annual Report 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year $ 220 29 

Support Ida Buckingham in Sweden, 300 00 $ 520 29 

Middle Indiana Sunday Schools 

Receipt No. 8722, $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Rosa Kaylor in India, $ 300 00 

Virden and Girard Sunday Schools, Illinois 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 8729, $ 75 00 

Receipt No. 8785, 75 00 

Receipt No. 9098, 75 00 

Receipt No. 9190, 75 00 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Dr. Laura M. Cottrell in India, $ 300 00 

Botetourt Memorial Missionary Society, Virginia 
Receipt No. 9415, $ 900 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. A. W. Ross and family in India, $ 900 00 

Cerro Gordo Sunday School, Illinois 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 8696 $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 9074, 150 00 $ 300 00 

Support Dr. A. R. Cottrell in India, $ 300 00 

Dallas Center Sunday School, Iowa 

Receipt No. 9372, $ 50 00 

Expenditures — 

Towards support Sister Minerva Metzger in China, $ 50 00 

Bear Creek Congregation, Ohio 
Receipt No. 8903, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 9408, 150 00 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Anna M. Eby in India, $ 300 00 

Peach Blossom Congregation, Maryland 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 8997, $ 5 00 

Receipt No. 9015, 5 00 

Receipt No. 9375, 200 00 $ 210 00 

Expenditures — 

Towards support Sister Anna M. Hutchison in China, $ 210 00 

Shade Creek, Rummel and Scalp Level Congs., Pennsylvania 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9329, $ 75 00 

Receipt No. 9346, 225 00 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Anna Z. Blough in India, $ 300 00 

Annual Report 75 

Southern Ohio Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 250 00 

Receipt No. 9407, 450 00 $ 700 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. J. M. Pittenger in India, $ 300 00 

Support Bro. J. Homer Bright in China, 350 00 $ 650 00 

Balance to new year, $ 50 00 

Northeastern Ohio Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9376, $ 10 00 

Receipt No. 9480, 140 00 $ 150 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Goldie Swartz in India $ 150 00 

Young People's Missionary Association, Huntingdon, Pa. 
Receipts — 

Conference offering, 1916, $ 300 00 

Support Bro. J. M. Blough in India, $ 300 00 

Antietam Congregation, Pennsylvania 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 8886, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 9382, 150 00 

Income Oiler endowment, 300 00 $ 600 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister D. J. Lichty in India $ 300 00 

Towards support Sister Lizzie Flory, China, 300 00 $ 600 00 

Northern Indiana Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 100 00 

Receipt No. 8770 16 41 

Receipt No. 8823, 350 00 

Receipt No. 9136, 358 59 $ 825 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Mary Stover in India, $ 300 00 

Support Sister Winnie Cripe in China, 350 00 

Support Sister Minerva Metzger in China, 175 00 $ 825 00 

Southwestern Kansas District 
Receipt No. 8998, $ 300 00 

Receipt No. 9433, 400 00 $ 700 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. and Sister F. H. Crumpacker in China, $ 700 00 

Southern Illinois Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 8917, $ 150 00 

Balance due from last year, now paid, 150 00 

76 Annual Report 

Panther Creek, Iowa 

Receipt No. 9306, $ 73 00 

Expenditures — 

Towards support of Sister Ida Himmelsbaugh in India, ... 73 00 

English River Sunday Schools 
Receipt No. 8927, $ 100 00 

Receipt No. 9341 107 00 $ 207 00 

Support Sister Nettie Senger in China $ 350 00 

Balance due, to new year, $ 143 00 

Lordsburg Congregation and Sunday School, California 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, , 190 70 

Receipt No. 9135, 400 00 

Conference offering, 302 00 $ 892 70 

Support Bro. and Sister Ernest Vaniman in China, 700 00 

Balance to new year 192 70 $ 892 70 

Coon River Congregation, Iowa 

Receipt No. 8612, $ 50 00 

Receipt No. 8681 121 70 

Receipt No. 9447, 141 95 $ 313 65 

Deficit from last year, $ 349 13 

Support Sister Eliz. Arnold in India, 300 00 $ 649 13 

Deficit to new year, $ 335 48 

Northern Virginia Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 60 00 

Receipt No. 8754, 150 00 

Receipt No. 9121, 150 00 $ 360 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Dr. Fred Wampler in China, $ 350 00 

Balance to new year, 10 00 $ 360 00 

Isaiah and Olive Brenaman 
Receipt No. 8686, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 9134, 150 00 $ 300 00 

Support of Bro. J. I. Kaylor in India, $ 300 00 

Manchester College Sunday School 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9455, $ 175 00 

Support Sister Laura M. Shock $ 36 18 

Indebtedness of Sister Shock, , , 138 82 $ 175 00 

Annual Report 77 

Middle Missouri District 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 35 87 

Receipt No. 8768 73 85 

Receipt No. 9046 40 28 

Receipt No. 9473, 150 00 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. S. Ira Arnold in India, $ 300 00 

North Manchester Sunday School 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 8810, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 9424, 150 00 $ 300 00 

Support Bro. A. F. Wine in Denmark, $ 300 00 

Northern Iowa District 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 8991, $ 350 00 

Support Sister Anna V. Blough, $ 350 00 

First and Southern Virginia Sunday-schools 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 200 00 

Receipt No. 8782, 150 00 

Receipt No. 8911, 25 00 

Receipt No. 9206, 150 00 

Receipt No. 9389, 25 00 $ 550 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Rebecca Wampler in China, $ 350 00 

Balance to new year, 200 00 $ 550 00 

Tulpehocken Congregation, Pennsylvania 
Receipt No. 8818, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 9129, 150 00 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister B. Mary Royer in India, $ 300 00 

Mississinewa Sunday School, Indiana 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 8703, $ 37 50 

Support Master Joseph Daniel Pittenger in India $ 37 50 

Mineral Creek Juvenile Mission Band, Mo. 

Receipt No. 8721, $ 26 11 

Support Little Miss Barbara Arnold in India, $ 26 11 

Mechanicsburg Willing Workers S. S. Class, Pa. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 8788, $ 18 75 

Receipt No. 9142, 18 75 $ 37 50 

Expenditures — 

Support Little Miss Mary Eliz. Emmert in India, $ 37 50 

78 Annual Report 

Pine Creek Christian Workers, Indiana 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 8957, $ 20 00 

Receipt No. 9075, 17 50 $ 37 50 

Expenditures — 

Support Master Calvin Bright in China, $ 37 50 

Miscellaneous Supports of Missionary Children 
Receipt No. 8857, Naperville, 111., Sunbeam S. S. Class, ...$ 3 00 
Receipt No. 9277, Chas. Fifer and family, Maryland, 25 00 $ 28 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Little Miss Frances Holsopple, India, $ 3 00 

Support Master Albert Long, India, $ 25 00 $ 28 00 

Elizabethtown Congregation, Pennsylvania 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9100, 

Support Sister Bessie M. Rider in China, 

Painter Creek Congregation, Ohio 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9258, 

Expenditures — 

Support Dr. O. G. Brubaker in China, half year, 


466 67 


466 67 


175 00 


175 00 


300 00 

Woodbury Congregation, Pennsylvania 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 8874, 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Florence Pittenger, India, Half year, $ 150 00 

Balance to new year, $ 150 00 $ 300 00 

Trotwood Congregation, Ohio 
Receipts — 

Conference offering, 1916, $ 215 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Eliz. Oberholtzer in China, half year, $ 175 00 

Balance to new year, 40 00 $ 215 00 

Three Virginia Churches 
Conference offerings, $ 151 50 

Receipt No. 9452, 25 00 $ 176 50 

Support Bro. I. E. Oberholtzer in China, $ 175 00 

Balance to new year, 1 50 $ 176 50 

13. India Native Workers 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 8565 $ 25 00 Receipt No. 9029, 15 00 

Receipt No. 8570, 15 00 Receipt No. 9036, * '. 12 50 

Annual Report 






























pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 


pt No. 
ipt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
ipt No. 
pt No. 
ipt No. 

ipt No. 










8580, . ., 

8586, .., 

8599, ... 

8601, ... 

8613, ... 

8622, ... 

8623, ... 
8630, ... 
8654, ... 
8665, ... 
8667, ... 
8679, ... 
8682, ... 
8686, ... 

8693, ... 

8694, ... 

8695, ... 
8704, ... 
8709, ... 
8715, ... 
8747, ... 
8757, ... 
8759, ... 
8761, ... 
8772, ... 
8774, ... 

8801, ... 

8802, ... 
8807, ... 
8809, ... 
8830, ... 
8834, ... 
8840, ... 
8854, ... 
8890, ... 
8892, ... 

8913, ... 

8914, ... 

8915, ... 
8920, ... 
8926, ... 
8929, ... 
8938, ... 

8940, ... 

8941, ... 
8943, ... 
8947, ... 
8964, ... 
8966, ... 
8968, ... 
8978, ... 
8980, .., 
8982, ... 
8987, ... 
8995, ... 

9001, ... 

9002, ... 

9003, ... 
9019, ... 
9023, .. 
9025, ... 
9059, ... 
9028, .. 

10 00 
60 00 
20 00 
15 00 
15 00 
30 00 
15 00 
15 00 
15 00 
60 00 
60 00 
30 00 
25 00 
60 00 
30 00 
30 00 
30 00 
12 50 
30 00 
15 00 
20 00 
15 00 
15 00 
25 00 
30 00 
15 00 
15 00 
32 06 
60 00 
45 63 
30 00 
15 00 
20 00 
15 00 
37 50 
15 00 
15 00 
30 00 
207 89 
30 00 
60 00 
60 00 
12 50 
20 34 
15 00 
15 00 
15 00 
30 00 

12 50 
15 00 

13 70 
15 00 
40 00 
50 00 
10 00 
60 00 
15 00 
15 00 
30 00 
30 00 
30 00 
30 00 
15 00 
30 00 
10 00 
30 00 

Receipt No. 9029, .. 

Receipt No. 9036, . . 

Receipt No. 9061, . . 

Receipt No. 9082, . . 

Receipt No. 9084, . . 

Receipt No. 9091, . . 

Receipt No. 9106, . . 

Receipt No. 9107, .. 

Receipt No. 9111, .. 

Receipt No. 9118, .. 

Receipt No. 9123, . . 

Receipt No. 9127, . . 

Receipt No. 9131, .. 

Receipt No. 9134, . . 

Receipt No. 9146, .. 

Receipt No. 9149, . . 

Receipt No. 9150, .. 

Receipt No. 9174, . . 

Receipt No. 9181, .. 

Receipt No. 9189, . . 

Receipt No. 9197, .. 

Receipt No. 9199, .. 

Receipt No. 9211, . . 

Receipt No. 9231, . . 

Receipt No. 9234, . . 

Receipt No. 9235, . . 

Receipt No. 9241, . . 

Receipt No. 9243, . . 

Receipt No. 9244, . . 

Receipt No. 9251, . . 

Receipt No. 9276, . . 

Receipt No. 9285, . . 

Receipt No. 9295, . . 

Receipt No. 9309, .. 

Receipt No. 9311, .. 

Receipt No. 9323, . . 

Receipt No. 9324, .. 

Receipt No. 9325, . . 

Receipt No. 9326, . . 

Receipt No. 9335, . . 

Receipt No. 9342, . . 

Receipt No. 9350, . . 

Receipt No. 9351, .. 

Receipt No. 9355, . . 

Receipt No. 9357, . . 

Receipt No. 9358, . . 

Receipt No. 9360, . . 

Receipt No. 9361, .. 

Receipt No. 9362, . . 

Receipt No. 9364, . . 

Receipt No. 9368, . . 

Receipt No. 9369, . . 

Receipt No. 9386, . . 

Receipt No. 9387, . . 

Receipt No. 9400, . . 

Receipt No. 9401, . . 

Receipt No. 9402, . . 

Receipt No. 9403, . . 

Receipt No. 9419, . . 

Receipt No. 9428, . . 

Receipt No. 9430, .. 

Receipt No. 9432, . . 

Receipt No. 9458, . . 
Income Endowment. 

15 00 
12 50 
15 00 
12 50 
15 00 
30 00 
15 00 
60 00 
12 22 
50 00 
15 00 
15 00 
15 00 
30 00 
30 00 
15 00 
15 00 
20 00 
65 00 

19 20 
10 00 

30 00 
15 00 
15 00 

5 00 
12 50 

31 30 
50 00 
60 00 
15 00 
15 00 

5 10 
15 00 
30 00 

20 00 
15 00 
65 00 
15 00 
25 00 
12 50 
12 62 
15 00 
20 00 
15 00 
60 00 
12 50 
50 00 
12 15 
30 00 
30 00 
30 00 
20 00 
15 00 
41 76 
60 00 
10 00 
30 00 
15 00 

32 00 

15 00 
30 00 

16 00 
15 00 
60 00 

$ 3,569 47 


Annual Report 

14. India Transmission 

Receipts— Receipt 

Receipt No. 8607, $ 10 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8608, 5 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8608, 5 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8616, 4 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8631 6 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8690, 5 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8692, 5 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8726 20 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8727 20 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8728, 20 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8736, 25 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8769, 3 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8769, 3 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8769, 3 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8769 3 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8787 28 50 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8789, 30 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8790, 26 25 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8871, 46 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8873, 1 50 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8904, 5 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 8965, 10 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 9000, 2 50 Receipt 

Receipt No. 9003, 5 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 9008, 25 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 9070, 5 80 Receipt 

Receipt No. 9076 1 00 Receipt 

Receipt No. 9080, 10 00 

Receipt No. 9116, 10 00 

No. 9116, 5 00 

No. 9119, 5 00 

No. 9125, 6 00 

No. 9134, 10 00 

No. 9147, 12 05 

No. 9152, 10 00 

No. 9153, 30 00 

No. 9155 10 00 

No. 9161, 2 00 

No. 9167, 2 50 

No. 9174 5 00 

No. 9212, 35 00 

No. 9216, 10 00 

No. 9242, . 30 00 

No. 9250, 172 70 

No. 9273, 5 00 

No. 9343/ 1 50 

No. 9348, 60 00 

No. 9363, 60 00 

No. 9378, 2 00 

No. 9388, 4 00 

No. 9437, 11 34 

No. 9411, 6 25 

No. 9441, 6 04 

No. 9467, 8 22 

" C," 37 50 

" C," 37 50 

" C " 75 00 

$ 1,002 95 

15. China Transmission 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 8564, $ 

Receipt No. 8591, 

Receipt No. 8606, 

Receipt No. 8616 

Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 


Receipt No. 8689, 
Receipt No. 8828, 
Receipt No. 8904, 
Receipt No. 9033, 
Receipt No. 9064, 
Receipt No. 9099, 

5 00 

6 00 
1 00 

4 00 
10 00 

7 00 
10 00 

6 00 

5 00 
5 00 

30 00 
5 00 

Receipt No. 9115, 
Receipt No. 9125, 
Receipt No. 9132, 
Receipt No. 9138, 
Receipt No. 9154, 
Receipt No. 9156, 
Receipt No. 9168, 
Receipt No. 9378, 
Receipt No. " A," 
Journal B, . . . . . 

100 00 

6 00 

20 00 

10 00 

15 00 

13 45 

10 00 

20 00 

3 00 

75 00 

$ 366 45 

16. China Native Workers 



ipt No. 8578, 
ipt No. 8584, 
ipt No. 8585, 







No. 8771, 
No. 8781, 
No. 8844, 
No. 8845, 

9 00 
12 50 

5 00 
15 43 

5 00 
10 00 
12 00 

5 00 
15 00 

9 00 

5 00 

5 00 
12 50 

Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 


6 53 
60 00 

4 00 
10 00 
15 00 
60 00 
15 00 

4 00 
127 50 

4 00 
12 50 
15 00 

9 00 

Annual Report 


Receipt No. 8869 18 13 

Receipt No. 8907, 10 00 

Receipt No. 8909, 75 00 

Receipt No. 8918 3 00 

Receipt No. 8967, 4 00 

Receipt No. 9007, 12 50 

Receipt No. 9020, 4 00 

Receipt No. 9021, 9 00 

Receipt No. 9022, 15 47 

Receipt No. 9024, 5 00 

Receipt No. 9040, 60 00 

Receipt No. 9305, 18 67 

Receipt No. 9312 60 00 

Receipt No. 9320 53 40 

Receipt No. 9349, 15 00 

Receipt No. 9391, 10 00 

Receipt No. 9402, 45 00 

Receipt No. 9410, 15 00 

Receipt No. 9416, 8 00 

Conference Offering, 100 00 

$ 1,004 13 

17. Sweden Transmission 

Receipt No. 8756, $ 5 00 

Receipt No. 9117, 2 00 

Receipt No. 9139, 5 00 

Receipt No. 9140, 2 00 

Receipt No. 9179, 5 00 

Receipt No. 9204, 
Receipt No. 9220, 
Receipt No. 9239, 

5 00 
5 00 
5 00 

34 00 

18. Dahanu Hospital Building 

Receipt No. 9352, $ 

Donations, reported in Visitor, 

750 00 
81 76 

19. India Dispensary 

Receipt No. 8593, $ 500 00 

Receipt No. 8594, 20 00 

Receipt No. 8619 5 00 

Receipt No. 8979, 44 76 

Receipt No. 9124 5 00 

Receipt No. 9130, 13 00 

Receipt No. 9177 25 00 

Receipt No. 9456, 387 24 

20. Quinter Memorial Hospital 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 8659, $ 100 00 

Receipt No. 8752, 25 00 

Receipt No. 9427, 5 75 

Transfer, Quinter Memorial Fund Balance, 66 00 

Donations, reported in Visitor, 2,333 38 

831 76 

$ 1,000 00 

$2,530 13 

21. Liao Chou Girls' School Bldg. 

Receipt No. 9319 $ 2,500 00 

Income endowment, interest, 21 40 $ 2,521 40 

22. Ping Ting Hospital 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9219 $ 25 00 

Receipt No. 9284, 5 00 

Donations, reported in Visitor, 1,720 39 $ 1,750 39 

82 Annual Report 

23. Liao Chou Hospital 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 9018, $ 1,000 00 

Donations. Reported in Visitor, 1,369 30 $ 2,369 30 

24. Annual Meeting Committees 

Expenditures — 

Expenses Auditing Committee, 1916 $ 147 60 

25. Building and Grounds 

Expenditures — 

Insurance, $ 671 17 

Permanent improvements, 1,018 96 

Repairs and upkeep of building, 692 73 $ 2,382 86 

26. Publication Account 

Tracts and carriage on same, $ 407 95 

Rebate on old book and tract accounts, , . 270 42 

Missionary Gospel Messengers and periodicals, 810 31 

Annual Report of Board, 600 00 

Missionary Visitor, 4,324 20 

Missionary Education, 358 20 $ 6,771 08 

27. General Expense Account 

Board's traveling expenses, $ 270 08 

Salaries, 3,797 30 

Traveling secretaries, 1,280 24 

Postage, 563 68 

Office supplies and phone rent, 109 30 

Traveling expense, 142 44 

Telegrams, insurance, news, etc., 52 96 

Missionary applicants' expense, 75 05 

Copying, labor, dater, legal help, -. 66 72 

Fidelity bonds, 62 50 

Printing, envelopes, leaflets, etc., 486 50 $ 6,906 77 

28. District Mission Work 

Expenditures — 

Southwest Kansas and Southeast Colorado, $ 250 00 

Southern Iowa, 100 00 

Northern Illinois and Wisconsin, 750 00 

Northwest Kansas and Northeast Colorado, 300 00 

S. E. Pa., New Jersey and New York, 140 00 

Middle Missouri, 350 00 

Texas and Louisiana, 550 00 

Michigan, 200 00 

Southern California and Arizona, 150 00 

Idaho, 250 00 

Nebraska, 300 00 

Oregon, 200 00 

Arkansas, 300 00 

Northern California, 400 00 $ 4,240 00 

Annual Report 


29. Endowment Funds 

Note. The number preceding the amount is the number of receipt sent donor. 

Donations to World-Wide — 

Pennsylvania — 

8640, $ 500 00 

8648, 1,000 00 

8775 500 00 

8797 5,000 00 

8842, 1,000 00 

8897 1,000 00 

9115 500 00 

9297 50 00 

9300, 3,000 00 

9301 100 00 

9314, 411 59 

9321, 1,000 00 

9336, 100 00 

Virginia — 

8605, . 

8745, . 

8779, . 

8798, . 

8799, . 

8800, . 
8821, . 
9266, . 

$ 14,161 59 


8633, $ 1,000 00 


1,000 00 
300 00 
100 00 

1,000 00 
500 00 

8933, 1,000 00 


500 00 
200 00 
300 00 

20 00 
500 00 

20 00 

$ 6,440 00 

Iowa — 






Indiana — 






California — 


Oklahoma — 

9381, . ;v ... 
West Virginia — 



2,000 00 

1,500 00 

500 00 

100 00 

100 00 

50 00 

500 00 

50 00 

100 00 

100 00 

100 00 

1,000 00 

20 00 

$ 4,800 00 

$ 1,320 00 

100 00 
100 00 
200 00 
500 00 
100 00 $ 1,000 00 

1,000 00 $ 1,000 00 

500 00 $ 500 00 

100 00 
200 00 $ 

300 00 

North Carolina — 

Illinois — 

8566, $ 3,000 00 


1,500 00 

300 00 

50 00 

250 00 

Gilbert Estate, $ 
North Dakota — 

8928, $ 

Nebraska — 

8602 $ 

$ 5,100 00 Kansas— 

8758, $ 

Total Donations to World-Wide Endowment for year, 
On hand at beginning of year, 

200 00 $ 200 00 

100 00 $ 100 00 

100 00 $ 100 00 

20 00 $ 20 00 

$ 35,041 59 

810,118 04 

Total World-Wide at close of year, $845,159 63 

Donations to Annuity Mission Endowment — 

Iowa — 

8885, $ 14,000 00 

8888, 1,500 00 

9474, 1,500 00 $ 17,000 00 

Illinois — 

9281, $ 3,000 00 $ 3,000 00 

Kansas — 

9370, 2,000 00 


8642, 1,000 00 

Idaho — 

8688, 500 00 

Indiana — 

8766, 500 00 

Virgina — 

8876, 500 00 

2,000 00 

1,000 00 

500 00 

500 00 

500 00 

84 Annual Report 

Washington — 

8669, $ 250 00 

9065, 250 00 500 00 

Maryland — 

8763, 100 00 100 00 

Pennsylvania — 

8977, $ 30 00 30 00 

Total donations for the year, $ 25,130 00 

On hand at beginning of year, 63,437 21 

Total mission endowment at close of year, $ 88,567 21 

India Endowment- 
Receipt 9175, Kansas, $ 200 00 

Receipt 9038, Pennsylvania, 185 00 

Receipt 8646, Virginia, 100 .00 

Receipt 8794, Illinois, 100 00 $ 585 00 

On hand at beginning of year, 3,275 00 

Total India endowment at close of year, $ 3,860 00 

China Endnowment — 

Receipt No. 8646, Ohio, 100 00 

Balance from last year, 1,200 00 $ 1,300 00 

H. H. Rohrer Endowment Fund — 

On hand at beginning of year, no change, $ 1,000 00 

Gish Estate- 
Balance from old year, $ 56,328 02 

Paid out during the year, 2 50 $ 56,325 52 

Total endowment at close of year, all funds, $996,212 36 

30. Gospel Messenger Endowment 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 8569, Pennsylvania, $ 25 00 

Receipt No. 9038, Pennsylvania, 100 00 

Balance from last year, 12,150 00 

Balance to new year, $ 12,275 00 

31. Gilbert Estate 

Balance on hand from last year, $ 4,360 05 

Paid on loans, transferred to World-Wide Endowment, ... 200 00 

Balance to new year, $ 4,160 05 

32. Denver Colored Home Property 

Receipts — 

Rentals from property, $ 85 00 

From income endowment, 63 01 $ 148 01 

Balance due from old year, $ 8,000 00 

Expenses of the year, 148 01 $ 8,148 01 

Balance on hand to new year, $ 8,000 00 

Annual Report 85 

33. West Alexandria Farm, Ohio 

Interest and rent on property, $ 56 87 

Balance due from last year, $ 156 84 

Expenses on properties for year, 76 29 233 13 

Balance due to new year, $ 176 26 

34. Interest Bearing Funds. Received During the Year 

Receipts — 

Bills Receivable, Loans paid, $134,998 95 

Denmark Poor Fund, Interest, 202 55 

Mission Endowment, 25,130 00 

World-Wide Endowment, 35,041 59 

India Endowment, 585 00 

China Endowment, 100 00 

Gospel Messenger Endowment, 125 00 

Payments on Real Estate, 303 00 

West Alexandria Farm, Ohio, 56 87 

$196,542 96 
Expenditures — 

Bills Receivable, New Loans, $161,661 00 

Gish Estate, 2 50 

Reiff Estate, Philadelphia, 1,602 21 

West Alexandria Farm, Ohio, 76 29 

Gilbert Estate, North Carolina, 200 00 

Brethren Publishing House Loan 5,000 00 

Overdrawn last year, now paid back, 24,991 05 

Cash on hand, 3,009 91 

$196,542 96 

35. Assets 

Cash on hand, $ 24,839 13 

Bills Receivable, secured by mortgages, 947,492 05 

Brethren Publishing House, Investment, 131,150 00 

Brethren Publishing House, Loan, 5,000 00 

Church Extension, Bills Receivable, 8,908 81 

Real Estate 675 00 

West Alexandria Farm, 176 26 

Denver Home Property 8,000 00 

Reiff Estate, Philadelphia, 1,769 31 

Accounts Receivable, 2,417 27 

Total assets, March 1, 1917, $1,130,427 83 

Total assets, March 1, 1916, 1,072,434 82 

Total increase, $ 57,993 01 

36. Statement of the Ledger 

Cash, $ 24,839 13 


World-Wide Fund $ 1,772 83 

Accounts receivable, 2,417 27 

(Overdrawn $4,190 10) 

10 00 

5 00 

831 76 

61 08 
3,393 64 
2,530 13 
1,272 63 

86 Annual Report 


Church Extension Fund, $ 11,511 06 

Church Extension, Bills Receivable, $ 8,908 81 

(Cash $2,602 25) 


Missionary Children's School, 

Hospital Furnishings, 

Dahanu Hospital Building, 

Hospital, $ 1,128 10 

Churchhouse, : 


Quinter Memorial Hospital, 

Native Workers, 

(Cash $6,976 14) 


South China Mission, $ 363 02 

Orphanage, $ 76 94 

Hospital, 2,509 62 

Liao Chou Girls' School Building, 2,521 40 

Ping Ting Hospital, 2,322 69 

Liao Chou Hospital, 1,099 43 

Native Workers, 390 20 

(Cash $2,285 18) 


Africa, $ 85 01 

Japan, 85 30 

Philippines, 81 40 

Porto Rico, 234 42 

Work among the Arabs, 50 00 

South America, 145 34 

New England Mission, 155 00 

Southern Native White, ' 93 23 

San Francisco Mission, 5 00 

Cuba Mission, 283 77 

Australia, 16 00 

Jerusalem Mission, 140 66 

Italian Mission, 578 66 

Colored Mission, 121 00 

Colored Mission Industrial, 397 75 

(Cash $2,472 54) 


Sweden Churchhouse, $ 57 50 

Gish Testament Fund, $ 132 85 

Ministerial and Missionary Relief Fund, 12,235 45 

Gish Publishing Fund, 812 13 

Stover Lecture Foundation, 182 66 

(Cash $11,530 63) 


Middle Pennsylvania Sunday-schools, $ 70 00 

Western Pennsylvania Sunday-schools, 275 00 

Pipe Creek Congregation, 150 00 

Quemahoning Congregation, $ 118 75 

First Church, Philadelphia, 300 00 

Nebraska Foreign Fund, 227 10 

Mt. Morris Coll. Miss. Society, 350 00 

Second, Northern, Eastern Virginia, 262 29 

150 00 
50 00 

192 70 

10 00 
200 00 
150 00 

40 00 
1 50 

Annual Report 87 

Altoona Sunday-school, i 

Southern Ohio Sunday-schools, 

English River Sunday-schools, $ 143 00 

Lordsburg Congregation and Sunday-school, 

Coon River Congregation, 335 48 

Northern Virginia Sunday-schools, 

First and Southern Virginia Sunday-schools, 

Woodbury Congregation, 

Trotwood Congregation, 

Three Virginia Churches, 

(Cash $152 58) 


Denmark Poor Fund, $ 3,725 12 

H. H. Rohrer Memorial Fund, 1,000 00 

Brethren Publishing House Loan, $ 5,000 00 

Brethren Publishing House, Investment, 131,150 00 

Brethren Publishing House, Reserve, 80,900 00 

India Endowment, 3,860 00 

China Endowment, 1,300 00 

Gospel Messenger Endowment, 12,275 00 

Annuity Mission Endowment, 88,567 21 

World-Wide Endowment, 845,159 63 

Endowment Bills Receivable, 947,492 05 

Real Estate, 675 00 

West Alexandria Farm, 176 26 

Denver Home Property, 8,000 00 

Reiff Estate, Philadelphia, 1,769 31 

Gish Estate, 56,325 52 

Gilbert Estate, 4,160 05 

(Cash $3,009 91) 

37. Statement of Cash 

World-Wide Fund, $ 4,190 10 

Church Extension Fund, $ 2,602 25 

India Fund, 6,976 14 

China Fund, 2,285 18 

Special Funds, 2,472 54 

Miscellaneous Funds, 11,530 63 

Special Support Funds, 152 58 

Interest Bearing Funds, 3,009 91 

Cash on hand, $ 24,839 13 

$ 29,029 23 $ 29,029 23 

88 Annual Report 


The fortune of Brother and Sister James R. Gish, representing a little less than 
$60,000.00 — a sum of money gathered together through strenuous, honorable toil on 
their part — was invested with the General Mission Board by Sister Gish. During her 
lifetime she received a small annuity from the money, and now that she has gone to 
her reward the entire income is used for books for our ministers and assistance to 
superannuated ministers and missionaries. The following pages are a short history, 
principally statistics, of what the fund has done so far for our ministers. 

The Fund is governed by the following rules: 

Section 1. Name. — The name of this fund shall be the Gish Publishing Fund. 

Section 2. Fund. — This fund shall consist of the estate of James R. and Barbara 
Gish, estimated value, $50,000; with any other funds that may hereafter be added to it. 

Section 3. Purpose. — The purpose of this fund shall be to supply the ministers of 
the Church of the Brethren with such books and other printed matter as may be helpful 
to them in advancing and maintaining the Truth. 

Section 4. Supervision. — The General Mission Board shall appoint a committee 
of three, so arranged in term of office that the time of one member expires each year, 
whose duty it shall be 

(a) To examine and pass upon publications issued and distributed by this fund. 

(b) To arrange with the publication department for publication and distribution 
of publications selected. 

Section 5. Surplus. — Any surplus on hand at the end of the fiscal year of the Gen- 
eral Mission Board shall, after proper allowance has been made for selected books not 
yet published, be turned over to the fund for superannuated and disabled ministers 
and missionaries; but should it not be needed in said fund, then it shall be given to the 
World-wide Mission Fund. 

Section 6. Terms. — The publications shall be distributed free or at greatly reduced 
rates, at no time the price asked being more than the cost of publication, including the 
expense for delivery. 

Section 7. Report. — The General Mission Board shall cause to be published an an- 
nual report of the fund, including the list of books published and the number of 
copies distributed each year. 

Record of Book Distribution 

Previously Sent Out Total to 

Sent Out. During 1916. Date. 

♦Annual Meeting Minutes, 937 937 

Alone with God, 2,180 53 2,233 

Bible Dictionary, 2,190 65 2,255 

♦Bible Manners and Customs, 1,981 53 2,034 

Bible Readings and Studies, 1,322 103 1,425 

Bible Atlas, , 1,444 65 1,509 

Blaikie's Bible History, 839 61 900 

*Book of Books, 2,390 25 2,415 

♦Bound Tracts, 2,499 2,499 

♦Bulwarks of the Faith, 703 703 

Character of Jesus, 650 84 734 

fContagion of Character, 617 147 764 

Cruden's Concordance, 1,993 77 2,070 

Doctrine of the Brethren Defended, 1,522 100 1,622 

^Doctrine of Prayer, 364 364 

♦Divinity of Christ, 3,000 3,000 

Eternal Verities, 2,627 42 2,669 

^Expository Preaching, 393 393 

tHow to Master the English Bible, 1,625 60 1,685 

fHistory of the Brethren, 1,460 73 1,533 

♦History of Preaching, Vol. I., 600 600 

♦History of Preaching, Vol. II., 380 380 

♦Life of John Kline, 1,145 1,145 

Life of Christ, 2 Vols., Edersheim, 1,695 58 1,753 

Annual Report 89 

Life of St. Paul, 

♦Lord's Supper, 3,396 

Man and His Money, 330 

JMan's Value to Society, 

Modern Secret Societies, 2,550 

♦Pastoral and Personal Evangelism, 604 

t Preacher and His Models, 324 

Preparation and Delivery of Sermons, 356 

fProblem of the Old Testament, 579 

Problems of Pulpit and Platform, 1,493 

tQuiet Talks on Following the Christ, 348 

iQuiet Talks on John's Gospel, 

♦Resurrection of Christ, 1,000 

fRoman Catholicism Capitulating, etc., 597 

Seven Churches of Asia, 1,328 

Sick, Dying and Dead, 1,825 

♦Square Talk about Inspiration of the Bible, 2,485 

♦Sunday School Commentary, 8,937 

♦Schaff's History of the Christian Church, Vol. I., 877 

♦Schaff's History of the Christian Church, Vol. II., 701 

♦Schaff's History of the Christian Church, Vol. III., 524 

♦Schaff's History of the Christian Church, Vol. IV., 300 

Schaff's History of the Christian Church, Vol. V. Pt. I., 

♦Schaff's History of the Christian Church, Vol. VI., 618 

♦Teacher Training with the Master Teacher, 1,593 

Thirty-Three Years of Missions, 387 

The Twelve Apostles, 1,865 

♦Nave's Topical Bible, 688 

♦Topical Text Book, 1,923 

Trine Immersion, 2,665 

Universalism 1,453 

♦War vs. Peace, 884 

Young Preacher, 1,842 

♦Pamphlets on International Peace, 3,100 






























































Totals, 79,371 4,903 84,274 

♦No longer distributed on Fund. 

$To be taken from list February 28, 1918. 

•{•Distribution ceases. 

It will be seen from the foregoing table that the Gish Publishing Fund does not 
confine the good that it does to the distribution of books to the ministry. Twenty per 
cent of the income of the Gish Fund goes to assist needy missionaries, ministers or 
the widows of such, under the rules of the Ministerial and Missionary Relief Fund. 
Nearly $10,000 has thus been spent since the foundation of the fund. 

It will likewise be noted that the expenses of administration of the Fund have been 
very low. This is made possible through the members of the Committee living close 
together, traveling expenses thus being reduced to the minimum. 

The Gish Fund is a good example of what a permanent fund will produce in income. 
The Fund itself amounts to something slightly over $56,000. In the seventeen years' 
time during which the Fund has been in existence almost as much has been expended 
for work as there was originally in the fund. 

Books Taken from the List 

At the beginning of the present fiscal year nine books were ordered taken from the 
list as soon as the present supply on hand is exhausted. It would be well for our min- 
isters to check over their list and send for these at once. The following are the 
books: Gray's How to Master the English Bible; Fradryssa's Roman Catholicism 
Capitulating, etc.; Schaff's History, Vol. IV (exhausted); Orr's Problem of the Old 
Testament; Gordon's Quiet Talks on Following the Christ; Stalker's The Preacher 
and His Models; for the present Brumbaugh's History of the Brethren; Hillis' Con- 

90 Annual Report 

tagion of Character and Goodell's Pastoral and Personal Evangelism. New ministers 
will be disappointed in being unable to get these books, but we shall try to recom- 
pense them by adding new ones which will be just as valuable. 

New Books Added to the List 
Five new books were added to the list of those now available. Descriptions of the 
same in brief are here given: 

65. Our Troublesome Religious Questions. By Edward Leigh Pell. Brimful 
of assistance to the minister who is troubled with these Twentieth Century problems 
that baffle and discourage. An optimistic, helpful book. 258 pages. To our ministers 

66. Quiet Talks About the Tempter. By S. D. Gordon. The question of the tempter 
is handled in this book in Dr. Gordon's inimitable style. It needs no comment as the 
style of the author is too well known. To our ministers 20c. 

67. The Boy Problem in the Home. By Wm. B. Forbush. A book to help parents 
know their boys. Written by an acknowledged authority on boy problems, a natural 
leader of boys. A compendium of good common sense, written by one who loves 
his subject. To our ministers, 25c. 

68. Archaeology and the Bible. By George A. Barton. Part I contains, The Bible 
Lands, Their Exploration, and the Resultant Light on the Bible and History. Part II 
contains, Translations of Ancient Documents which Confirm or Illuminate the Bible. 
Splendidly and attractively bound, many illustrations, over 500 pages. Of value to 
any minister. To our ministers, 75c. 

69. History of the Christian Church. Vol. VII. By Philip Schaff. A History of 
the Reformation. Deals with the Swiss Reformation, Zwingli's work, the controversies 
with the Roman Catholic Church. Also treats exhaustively the Reformation in French 
Switzerland, or the Calvinistic Movement. The set of books will not be complete 
without this the concluding volume by Dr. Schaff. Nearly 900 pages. To our min- 
isters, 90c. 

A leaflet giving the list of books, with short description of each, can be obtained 
from the Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, Illinois, upon application. 

List of Books on the Fund at Present and Available for Distribution 

Regular To 
Price Ministers 

A Man's Value to Society, Hillis, $ 1 20 $ 20 

A Man and His Money, Calkins, 1 00 25 

Alone With God, 75 15 

Archaeology and the Bible, Barton, 2 25 75 

Bible Atlas, Hurlbut, 2 75 60 

Bible Dictionary, Smith and Peloubet, 2 00 25 

Bible History, Blaikie, 1 50 30 

Bible Readings and Bible Studies, Rosenberger, 35 10 

Boy Problem in the Home, Forbush, 1 00 25 

Contagion of Character, Hillis, 1 20 20 

Cruden's Concordance, 1 00 30 

Character of Jesus, Bushnell, 60 15 

Doctrine of the Brethren Defended, Miller, 65 20 

Doctrine of Prayer, Hastings, 3 00 60 

Edersheim's Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah, 2 Vols., 2 00 75 

Eternal Verities, D. L. Miller, 1 25 20 

Expository Preaching, Plans and Methods, Meyer, 1 00 20 

History of the Christian Church, Vol. V. Part I, Schaff, 3 85 90 

History of the Christian Church, Vol. VII, Schaff, 3 85 90 

Life of St. Paul, Stalker, 60 15 

Modern Secret Societies, Blanchard, 75 15 

On the Preparation and Delivery of Sermons, Broadus, 1 50 35 

Our Troublesome Religious Questions, Pell, 1 25 30 

Pastoral and Personal Evangelism, Goodell, 1 00 20 

Problems of the Pulpit, Culler, 75 15 

Quiet Talks About the Tempter, Gordon 85 20 

Annual Report 


Quiet Talks on John's Gospel, Gordon, 

Roman Catholicism Capitulating, Fradryssa, 1 

Seven Churches of Asia, D. L. Miller, 

The Sick, the Dying and the Dead, J. G. Royer, 

Thirty-Three Years of Missions, Galen B. Royer, 1 

The Twelve Apostles, Wayland, 

Trine Immersion, Quinter, 

Universalism Against Itself, 

Young Preacher, The, Cuyler, 

$45 55 $10 65 

Administration of the Fund 
The following table gives, in a brief way, some statistics concerning the income 
from the Gish estate, and the personnel of the committee since organization: 



1 00 






1 75 










Tear Ending 

in Books. 

Passed to 


Members of 

March 31. 

Min. and Miss. 
Relief Fund. 



fL. T. Holsinger 


$ 400 00 

\ A. H. Puterbaugh 
[j. H. Moore 


1,544 83 

$ 500 00 

$ 9 40 

Same as above 


3,407 34 

50 00 

<< « <« 


1,987 11 

1,241 27 

16 95 

tt tt u 

fL. T. Holsinger 


4,145 19 

981 49 

14 00 

{J. E. Miller 
[J. H. Moore 


2,572 32 

827 55 

8 95 

Same as above 
f L. T. Holsinger 


2,354 63 

512 80 

3 45 

\ J. E. Miller 
1 J. W. Wayland 
J Grant Mahan 


1,702 39. 

772 91 

45 43 

\ J. E. Miller 
I J. W. Wayland 


2,667 72 

530 33 

49 55 

Same as above 


3,459 75 

681 91 

<< it << 
fj. W. Wayland 


829 79 

472 42 

\ J. E. Miller 

( J. H. B. Williams 

J J. E. Miller 

{]. H. B. Williams 


2,489 24 

456 85 

8 60 

I. B. Trout 

'J. H. B. Williams 


3,049 41 

430 94 

3 42 

• I. B. Trout 
J. E. Miller 


2,231 61 

447 84 

Same as above 


1,261 30 

464 72 

2 25 

u tt a 


1,554 69 

464 72 

5 61 

fj. E. Miller 
-( J. W. Lear 


2,886 50 

464 72 

7 55 

[J. H. B. Williams 


3,357 78 

464 72 

5 10 

Same as above 


3,395 03 

664 69 

10 92 

<< tt tt 

$45,296 63 

$ 10,379 88 

$ 241 15 

The Gish Fund and What Might Be Accomplished 

We use the word " might " advisedly, for the Fund we believe is doing as much 
now as it is possible for us to make it do. But it could do much more effective work 
if there would be other liberal minded brethren and sisters who would desire to emulate 
the example of the founders of this fund, and give of their wealth. We have reason 
to believe that the books sent out are accomplishing a good work in assisting our min- 
isters, but the committee has in mind so much broader work that additional funds 
would accomplish. The General Mission Board, who have been entrusted with this fund, 
will be glad to offer the same rates of annuity to any donors for this work, as apply to 
the other annuity funds in their possession. Some splendid work could be accom- 
plished by people of wealth, in this manner. 


The Missionary Visitor 




The amount credited to A Brother, Oregon, in 
the April Visitor, Page 119, should be $5.00 instead 
of $1.00. This makes the footing as it appears, 
$44.72, correct. 

The $10.00 credited in the April Visitor to Ger- 
man Settlement, Maple Spring Congregation, First 
District W. Va., should have been credited to 
Joseph Rembold. 

The following donations to the Board's funds 
have been received during the month of April: 


Pennsylvania — $288.98. 

Western District, Congregation. 

Brothers Valley $ 10 15 


B. B. Ludwick (marriage notice), 50 
cents; Cora Christner, $1.60; Wm. Howe 

(marriage notice) , 50 cents, 2 60 

Middle District, Congregation, 

Spring Run 7 96 


Boy Sell, $5; Thos. Harden and Fami- 
ly, $1; Francis Baker, $5; Joseph Cassel, 

50 cents, 11 50 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Akron, $7.58; Hatfield, $55; Spring 
Creek, $1 ; White Oak, $34.11 ; Springville, 

$16 ; Elizabethtown, $92.35, 206 04 


Lake Ridge, 6 73 


Catharine Gingrich, $1; Sadie Royer, 
$5; W. R. Conner, $1.50; A Brother, $5; 
Joseph Royer, $1; Rachel Miller, $2; 

Solomon Strauser, $6.30, 21 80 

Southern District, Individuals. 

O. F. Arnold, $10.18; I. R. Little and 
wife, $3.40; B. C. Whitmore (marriage 
notice), 50 cents; D. H. Baker, $2; In 

His Holy Name, $6.12, 22 20 

California — $171.73. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Lindsay, 46 73 


Macdoel, 18 50 

Southern District, Congregation. 

McFarland 79 20 


Nancy Underhill, $26; Mrs. Hastie, 80 
cents; Wm. Piatt (marriage notice), 50 

cents, 27 30 

Ohio— $163.47. 

Northeastern District, Individuals. 

Letha Holmes, $1.15; Simon Harshman, 
$6; R. B. Hershberger, 50 cents; Ethel 
Hauenstein, $10; Geo. Domer, $20; Mr. 
and Mrs. C. M. Fetter, $5.20; Mabel John- 
son, $2.45 35 40 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Sugar Creek, 37 50 


Catharine Snavely, $1.06; S. A. Kintner, 

$1 2 06 

Southern District, Individuals. 

A Brother, $75; S. S. Studebaker, $5; 
J. E. Etter, $3; J. R. and Maggie Halla- 

day, $5.51, 88 51 

Idaho— $122.76. 

Bowmont, $15.86; Weiser, $11.64; Boise 

Valley, $31, 58 50 


Brother and sister LeGros. $50; Lizzie 
Green, $5; B. F. Fike (marriage notice), 

50 cents ; Rachel Wilsey, $8.76 64 26 

Iowa— $100.50. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

South Waterloo, 50 00 


A. B. Blough (marriage notice), 50 
cents; Brother and Sister J. Whitmore, 
$15 15 50 

Middle District, Individual. 

Elizabeth Gable $ 10 00 

Illinois— $74.07. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Polo, $34.75 ; Mt. Morris, $15.64 50 39 


A Brother, $1.10; Rebecca Heagley, 
$5.20; Lee Moyer, $10; L. J. Gerdes, $5; 
C. A. Vandiver, $1.88; Geo. Puterbaugh, 

$1 24 18 

Southern District, Individual. 

S. G. Bucher (marriage notice), 50 

Virginia — $69.70. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Jane and Mary Zimmerman, $2; Rebec- 
ca J. Miller, $1; Mrs. Frank Stults, $1; 
I. C. Crist, $2; R. S. Cooper, $10; Esther 

Seidig, $12.65, 36 65 

First District, Individuals. 

Catharine Harper, $20; Emma Suthall, 

$5 25 00 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

Ella A. Myers, $1; F. A. Myers, 25 

cents ; S. A. Sanger, $1.20, 2 45 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Sarah Hilton, $1 ; A. C. Reiley, $3.40, . . 4 40 

Kansas — $38.09. 
Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Ramona, 6 59 


Sadie Eavey, $15; Mr. and Mrs. J. S. 

Shoemaker, $10, 25 00 

Southwestern District, Individuals. 

Ellis Studebaker (marriage notice), 50 
cents; M. S. Frantz (marriage notice), 

50 cents; Mrs. Johanna Jolitz. $5, 6 00 

Northwestern District, Individual. 

D. A. Crist (marriage notice), 50 

Canada — $33.50. 

Western District, Sunday-school. 

Battle Creek 23 50 


C. C. Gump, 10 00 

Indiana — $27.95. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Turkey Creek 6 00 


C. Walter Warstler (marriage notice), 
$1; S. M. Rittenhouse, $4; J. M. Markley 

(marriage notice), 50 cents 5 50 

Middle District, Sunday-school Class. 

No. 10, Salamonie, 4 45 


Emanuel Leckrone and wife, 10 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Chas. and Martha Wood, 2 00 

Oklahoma — $22 . 00 




Maryland— $17.50. 

Eastern District, Sunday-school and 

Christian Workers. 

Meadow Branch, 


H. C. Alley (marriage notice) 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Harry Michael and wife, 

Washington — $13.70. 

Lake Side 


Sister G. A. Fisher, $1.50; Chas. D. 
Rupel. $1; Bro. Snowberger, 50 cents; 
Wm. Kensinger, $1.20; R. A. Duell, $1.50, 
Oregon— $13.05. 


Missouri — $6.90. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Mrs. J. S. Bowman 

Middle District, Individual. 

James Mohler (marriage notice), 

Southern District, Individual, 

Albert Mays, 


The Missionary Visitor 


North Dakota— $4.50. 


Alfred Kreps (marriage notice), 50 
cents; Geo. Miller, 50 cents; C. H. Petry, 

50 cents; Brother and Sister, $3 $ 4 50 

Tennessee — §3.00. 

Mrs. Lizzie Keeble, $1; Mrs. H. W. 

Miner, $2 3 00 

Colorado— $1.50. 

N. W. Kansas Dist., S. S. Class. 

Reapers, 1 00 

Western District, Individual. 

Mrs. H. M. Long 50 

Florida— $1.00. 

Mrs. S. B. Katherman, 1 00 

Michigan— $1.00. 

Herbert Morehouse 1 00 

Minnesota — $1.00. 

Geo. Shade (marriage notice), 50 cents; 
Chas. Cripe (marriage notice), 50 cents, 1 00 

West Virginia— $1.00. 
Second District, Individual. 

A. M. Frantz, 1 00 

Arizona — $1.00. 

A Sister 1 00 

Texas — $0.87. 

S. F. Wine 87 

Total for the month, $1,178 57 

Previously received, 1,488 94 

For the year, $2,667 51 


Penn sy 1 vania — $160. 75. 

Western District, Aid Society. 

Waynesboro, 10 00 

Middle District, Aid Societies. 

Woodbury, $5; Tyrone, $5 10 00 

Sunday-school Class. 

" Christ's Friends," 6 25 


Sister Edith Norris, $10; Sister J. C. 

Miller, $2.50 12 50 

Southeastern District, Aid Societies. 

Germantown, $50; Green Tree, $50, ... 100 00 
Southern District, Aid Societies. 

Lower Cumberland, $10 ; York, $10, . . 20 00 

Lydia Hogentogler, 2 00 

Indiana— $102.00. 

Northern District, Aid Societies. 

Washington, $25; Eel River, $5; Rock 
Run, $25; Tippecanoe, $3; West Goshen, 

$10, 68 00 


Elizabeth Hay 5 00 

Middle District, Aid Society. 

Sugar Creek 15 00 

Southern District, Aid Societies. 

Mississinewa, $5 ; Ladoga, $5 10 00 

Virginia— $99.50. 

Northern District, Aid Societies. 

Mill Creek, $27; Sangerville, $20; Sum- 
mit. $5 52 00 


Mrs. S. G. Greyer 25 00 

Second District, Congregation. 

Beaver Creek, 22 50 

Ohio— S95.00. 

Northwestern District, Individual. 

Mrs. Allen Toms, 5 00 

Northeastern District, Aid Society. 

Black River 40 00 

Southern District, Aid Societies. 

Pleasant Hill, $10; Valley, $15; Rush 

Creek. $10 ; Greenville, $15, 50 00 

Illinois— $35.00. 

Northern District. Aid Societies. 

Sterling, $10 ; Virden, $25, 35 00 

Missouri— $24.11. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

St. Joseph 4 11 

Aid Society. 

Dorcas $ 20 00 

Kansas — $24.00. 

Northeastern District, Aid Society. 

Richland, 10 00 

Southwestern Dist., Christian Workers. 

Ottawa, 10 00 


Mrs. M. S. Frantz, 2 00 

Southeastern District, Individuals. 

A Brother and Sister, 2 00 

Idaho— $15.00. 
Aid Societies, 

Nampa, $5 ; Twin Falls, $10 15 00 

Iowa— $12.23. 

Middle District, Aid Societies, 

Dallas Center, $7.23 ; Brooklyn, $5 12 23 

North Dakota— $11.04. 
Aid Society. 

Surrey 11 04 

Tennessee— $8.35. 

Knob Creek, 2 00 

Christian Workers 6 35 

Oregon — $5.00. 
Aid Society. 

Portland 5 00 

California — $5.00. 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Pasadena, 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 592 98 

Previously received, 474 29 

For the year $ 1,067 27 


Penn sy 1 vania — $323.96. 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Elizabethtown, $48; Chiques, $120.42; 
Spring Creek, $21.70; Indian Creek, 

$80.84 ; West Green Tree, $36.50, 307 46 

Middle District, Sunday-school Class. 

Truth Seekers, 12 50 

Western District, Sunday-school. 

Rockton, 3 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

D. H. Baker, 1 00 

Iowa — $79.36. 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Dallas Center 44 36 


Joseph Newcomer, 25 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

Elizabeth Gable, 10 00 

Ohio — $15.37. 

Northwestern District, Individuals. 

Daniel Shank, $2.25; J. B. Clapper, $5, 7 25 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Sugar Creek, 8 12 

Idaho— $15.00. 

Nezperce 10 00 


M. Alva Lang, 5 00 

Missouri — $10.25. 

Middle District, Individuals. 

M. S. Mohler. $2; Mary A. Vogt, $5, . . 7 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

Matilda Goff, 3 25 

West Virginia— $10.00. 

Second District, Congregation. 

Thornton 10 00 

Kansas — $8.41. 

Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Ramona 3 41 


J. S. Strickler 5 00 

Indiana — $5.00. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Zion McCormack, $1 : Geo. Carlysle, $1, 2 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

H. B. Bowman, 3 00 

Delaware— $5.00. 

Christian Graybill, 5 00 

New Mexico — $5.00. 

A Sister, 5 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Tennessee — $3.00. 
Mrs. L. C. and Miss Lulu Klepper, . . .$ 3 00 

Total for the month $ 480 35 

Previously received, 198 42 

For the year, $ 678 77 

Kansas — $75.00. 

Southwestern District, Individual. 

Bequest of Eliza Flack 75 00 

Pennsylvania— $60.00. 

Eastern District, Sunday-schools. 

Lebanon, $20 ; Midway, $20 40 00 

Western District, Individual. 

D. G. Miller 20 00 

Ohio— $32.15. 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

New Carlisle, 2 15 


Willing Workers, 10 00 


A Brother and Sister, 20 00 

Maryland— $22.00. 

Eastern District, Christian Workers. 

Meadow Branch, 22 00 

Virginia— $20.00. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

Dayton, 20 00 

Michigan— $16.00. 

Crystal, $8; Sunfleld, $8, 16 00 

Indiana— $15.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Mrs. J. E. Wright, 10 00 

Middle District, Individual. 

Mrs. Irvan Murphy, 5 00 

Nebraska — $5.00. 
Sunday-school Class. 

" I'll Try," 5 00 

Illinois— $3.00. 

Northern Illinois, Individual. 

H. B. Miller 3 00 

Florida— $1.19. 

Mrs. A. Buck 1 19 

Iowa— $1.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Gwendle Williams 1 00 

Total for the month $ 250 34 

Previously received 215 58 

For the year, $ 465 92 


Virginia— $190.00. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Mt. Zion, 5 00 


I. W. Wampler, $25; Minnie Miller, 
$100; Sallie Myers, $50; Annie Miller, $10, 185 00 
Illinois— $5.00. 
Northern District, Aid Society. 

Sterling 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 195 00 

Previously received, 76 31 

For the year, $ 271 31 


Pennsylvania— $34.23. 

Western District, Sunday-school Class. 

Willing Workers, 25 00 

Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Tyrone, 9 23 

Virginia— $25.00. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

Linville Creek, 21 00 

Sunday-school Class. 

Girls' Intermediate, 4 00 

Washington— $16.00. 

Wenatchee, 16 00 

Oregon— $10.00. 

Mrs. M. R. Caslow 10 00 

Total for the year, $ 85 23 

Previously received, 57 10 

For the year $ 142 33 


Ohio— $40.00. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

A Brother and Sister, 20 00 

Northwestern District, Sunday-school. 

Eagle Creek, 20 00 

Pennsylvania — $30.00. 

Western District, Aid Society. 

Waynesboro, 20 00 

Christian Workers. 

Ephrata, 10 00 

Oregon — $5.00. 

Evergreen, 5 00 

Indiana — $1.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Mrs. Ollie Cross, 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 76 00 

Previously received, 16 75 

For the year, $ 92 75 


Indiana — $15.00. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Lewis J. Overholser and wife, 15 00 

California — $11.16. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

. Trigo 11 16 

Oregon — $9.70. 

Rachej Michael, 9 70 

North Carolina — $7.50. 

Sister W. F. Frisbee, '. 7 50 

Virginia— $6.50. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

White Hill, 6 50 

Florida — $5.00. 

A Sister 5 00 

Iowa — $2.50. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Elizabeth Gable, 2 50 

Pennsylvania — $1.00. 
Eastern District, Individual. 

A Sister 1 00 

Total for the month $ 58 36 

Previously received, ... 681 07 

For the year $ 739 43 


Kansas — $25.00. 

Southwestern District, Congregation. 

Conway Springs, 25 00 

Idaho,— $10.00. 
Aid Society. 

Twin Falls, 10 00 

North Carolina— $7.50. 

Sister W. F. Frisbee, 7 50 

Virginia— $6.50. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

White Hill, 6 50 

Pennsylvania — $5.00. 
Western District, Individual. 

John Berg, 4 00 

Eastern District, Individual. 

A Sister 1 00 

Total for the month $ 54 00 

Previously received, 876 

For the year, $ 930 13 


Ohio— $15.58. 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Toms Run, 15 f- 

Indiana— $10.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Emma J. Reiff $ 10 00 

Pennsylvania — $5.00. 
Western District, Individual. 

Amanda Roddy 5 00 

Iowa— $3.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Miss Kate Hines, 3 00 

Florida— $1.00. 

Mrs. Catharine Cottrell 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 34 58 

Previously received, 109 13 

For the year $ 143 71 

Pennsylvania — $34.00. 
Middle District, Individual. 

Francis Baker 

Eastern District, Aid Society. 


Southern District, Individual. 

Lydia Hogentogler 2 00 

Iowa — $5.00. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Mr. and Mrs. John Whitmore, 5 00 

Ohio— $1.00. 

Northwestern District, Individual. 

Mrs. S. D. Baker, 1 00 

7 00 
25 00 

Total for the month, 
Previously received, . 

40 00 
16 00 

For the year, 


Indiana— $12.03. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Elizabeth Hay, 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Eel River, 

Minnesota— $10.00. 

Mr. and Mrs. A. L. Whisler 

Iowa— $3.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Mrs. Thos. Brown, 

$ 56 00 

5 00 
7 03 

10 00 

3 00 

25 03 
29 00 

Total for the month, 

Previously received, 

For the year $ 54 03 

Pennsylvania— $21.70. 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Spring Creek 21 70 

Total for the month, $ 21 70 

For the year, $ 21 70 


Indiana — $5.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Elizabeth Hay 

1 Pennsylvania— $5.00. 

1 Western District, Individual, 

Amanda Roddy, 

| Colorado— $2.00. 

! Western District, Individual. 

A Sister, 

< Kansas — $1.00. 

5 00 

5 00 

2 00 

Southwestern District, Individual. 
Mrs. M. S. Frantz, $ 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 13 00 

Previously received, 75 76 

For the year, $ 88 76 


California — $10.00. 

Southern District, Sunday-school Class. 
Girls' Class 

Illinois — $5.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Wm. Landis 

Ohio— $1.50. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Oran S. Tount, 

10 00 

Total for the month, $ 10 00 

For the year, $ 10 00 


Idaho— $10.00. 

Boise Valley 10 00 

Total for the month $ 10 00 

For the year $ 10 00 


Ohio— $5.00. 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Valley, 5 00 

California — $1.95. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Ralph, Ruth and Beulah Hastie 1 95 

Pennsylvania — $1.00. 
Southern District, Individual. 

A Sister 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 7 95 

Previously received 10 00 

For the year, $ 17 95 


5 00 
1 50 

Total for the month, $ 6 50 

Previously received, 536 66 

For the year $ 543 16 


Iowa — $2.50. 

Southern District, Individual. 
Elizabeth Gable , 

2 50 

Total for the month, $ 2 50 

Previously received, 5 00 

For the year $ 7 50 


Iowa/ — $2.00 

Southern District, Individual. 
Mrs. Thos. Brown, 

2 00 

Total for the month, $ 2 00 

Previously received, 21 55 

For the year, $ 23 55 


The Missionary Visitor 



Roy Frantz 

June 17-23.— SWEDEN. 

We all realize that the most terrible war 
of history is being waged next door to 
Sweden, yet there are many who do not 
realize that Satan is waging a far more 
terrible war next door to our hearts. 
Perhaps nowhere is the sting of Satan 
felt any more subtly than in Sweden. 
Pray for the church in this country. 

Thank the Lord for the effectual work of 
the past years. 

Pray for an enlightenment of the masses of 
the people. 

Pray for the physical strength of Brother 
and Sister Graybill and Sister Bucking- 

Pray for an increase in the interest, attend- 
ance, and possibilities of the Sunday- 

May the work among the young people con- 
tinue to bring such fruitful results for 
the Master's vineyard. 

June 24-30.— LIAO CHOU, CHINA. 

Thank the Lord for the new out-stations 
being opened in our China field. Pray 
that the native men in charge of these 
stations may be able to withstand the 
discouraging circumstances which sur- 
round them. 

Pray that soon additional missionary force 
may be found to more fully equip these 
new posts. 

Pray for the always-important evangelistic 
work and for those who are its leaders. 

Pray that every missionary at Liao may 
have the sustaining power of the Holy 
Spirit to fit them for their innumerable 

Remember the medical work under Dr. 
Brubaker, that it may be more efficient 
as a means of reaching souls. 

The educational work among our mission- 
aries' children carried on by Sister Shock 
merits our most earnest prayers. 


The Lord has richly blessed the work 
at Ping Ting, making the laborers there 
a channel of great blessings. Praise the 
Lord for the rich harvest being gathered 

Continually remember the boys' and girls' 
schools, which present such fine avenues 
for reaching the young people. 

Pray for the teachers in the schools, who 
find so many perplexing problems con- 
fronting them each day. 

Pray for those of the missionaries who 
have the Chinese mission work in charge. 
Our prayers will assist them in overcom- 
ing their serious difficulties. 

Thank the Lord for the many earnest seek- 
ers for the truth at Ping Ting. Pray that 
each one may at the proper time be com- 
pletely changed by the Blood of the 

July 8-14.— BULSAR, INDIA. 

Thank the Lord for the splendid work of 
the Bible School at this place, and for 
the untiring efforts of the teachers, Bro. 
Ross and Bro. Blough. Pray that as the 
men and women graduate from this 
school they may be fitted to accomplish 
much in service for their Master. 

Pray for each department of the Bulsar 
work and its individual needs. 

The evangelistic work needs more positive 
and dependable native leaders. 

The language school and its students need 
our prayers. Remember especially our 
late missionaries there. 

The educational department has many 
needs, both in teachers and equipment. 

The medical missionaries are of great serv- 
ice at Bulsar, for which we must praise 
the Lord. Remember Doctors Nickey 
and Cottrell in prayer. 



D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Lift Ad- GALEN B. ROYER, Elgin, 111. 

visory Member. OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Inn, 

H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa. 
J. J. YODER, McPhertrdn, Kans. 

H. C. EARLY, President. J. H. B. WILLIAMS, Ass't Secretary, and 

OTHO WINGER, Vice President. Editor of Missionary Visitor. 

GALEN B. ROYER, Secretary-Treasurer. 



Wine, A. F., „ Aagade 26, 2 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 

Wine, Attie C., Aagade 26, 2 Sal, Aalborg, Denmark 


Buckingham, Ida, Friisgatan No. 2, Malm&, Sweden 

Graybill, J. F., Friisgatan No. 2, MalmO, Sweden 

Gray bill, Alice M., Friisgatan No. 2, MalmO, Sweden 


Blough, Anna V., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansl, China 

Bright, J. Homer, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Bright, Minnie, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G., Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Cora M., Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Crumpacker, F. H. (on furlough) McPherson, Kans. 

Crumpacker, Anna N. (on furlough) , McPherson. Kans. 

Cripe, Winnie, ». Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Flory, Raymond C, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Flory, Lizzie N., » Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Horning, Emma, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Hutchison, Anna, Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Metzger, Minerva, Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Oberholtzer, I. E., North China Language School, Peking, Chili, China 

Oberholtzer, Elizabeth W., North China Language School, Peking, Chili, China 

Rider, Bessie M., North China Language School, Peking, Chili, China 

Senger, Nettie M North China Language School, Peking, Chili, China 

Shock, Laura M., Liao Chou, Shansi, Chin* 

Vaniman, Ernest D., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Vaniman, Susie C Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Wampler, Rebecca S., Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 


Arnold, S. Ira, Post, Umalla, via Anklesvar, India 

Arnold, Elizabeth, Post, Umalla, via Anklesvar, India 

Blough, J. M., Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Blough, Anna Z Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., Bulsar, Surat Dist India 

Ebey, Adam (on furlough), North Manchester, Indiana 

Ebey, Alice K. (on furlough), North Manchester, Indiana 

Emmert, Jesse B Jalalpor, Surat Dist. India 

Emmert, Gertrude R Jalalpor, Surat Dist India 

Eby, Anna RL, Dahanu, Thana Dist.] India 

Garner, HP., Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Garner Kathryn B Bulsar. Surat Dist. India 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida (on furlough), 200 6th Ave., Altocma Pa 

goffert , A T ...Jalalpor, Surat Dig^IndS 

Holsopple, Q. A., Post, Umalla, via Anklesvar Tnrti- 

Holsopple, Kathren R. (on furlough) .' ' Via ^jgln 111 

Kaylor, John I Vada, Thana' Dist, fndia 

Kaylor, Rosa Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Lichty, Daniel J., Dahanu, Thana Dist. India 

Lichty, Nora A., Dahanu, Thana Dist. India 

f on g. £- m °-\, Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

h°S S ' w o H Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

filler, Eliza B BuIs Surat Digt j 

Miller, Sadie J., Vyara, Surat Dist., India 

Mohler, Jennie Bulsar, Surat Dist. India 

Nickey, Dr. Barbara M Dahanu, Thana Dist, India 

Pittenger, J. M., Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora India 

Pittenger Florence B Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Powell Josephine uT^' Than * Disl T, Indi 

Royer, B. Mary Dahanu, Thana Dist. India 

Ross, A. W., Bulsar, Surat Dist. IndS 

Ross, Mrs. A. W., Bulsar Surnt TH*t Tn*iT 

Shumaker, Ida C. (on furlough), 8ar '. SU ff e t ye 1 ?sdale I,I pa a 

Stover, W B. Anklesvar, India 

Stover, Mary E Anklesvar India 

Swartz, Goldie Bulsar, Surat Dist. India 

Widdowson S. Ohve, Anklesvar India 

Ziegler, Kathryn, Anklesvar India 

Please Notice— Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction 
thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 



We have been having GREAT CROPS, 
PRICES. Many have prospered as never 

Why Not Invest Your Money 

in something that is permanent, yields a 
fair rate of income, and where the 
principal is safely placed in a 
most worthy cause ? 


\X7E have been paying Annuity for 

* * twenty years and our people are 

pleased. Notice our record of payments. 

NO TROUBLE in collections. 
You become YOUR OWN executor 
Provision is made for OLD AGE. 

Let us tell you of the advantages of our 
Annuity Plan. Write and ask us about it. 

The following amounts have 
been paid by us in annuities since 
the plan was inaugurated in 1896 : 

1897 $ 1,501 










1903 10,204 

1904 11,560 

1905 12,871 

1906 -. 13,248 

1907 15,073 

1908 15,813 

1909 15,802, 

1910 17,513 

1911 19,255, 

1912 21,320, 

1913 23,621, 

1914 26,717, 

1915 31,360, 

1916 32,554, 

Total $298,137.22 

General Mission Board 


~\7^m~— WJJBF 

c y 








- Thirty-six Happy Children at Malmd, Sweden 

Thirty-six of the forty children who received clothes at the Brethren Mis- 
sion in Malmo. December 15, 1916. Four of the children were not present 
when the picture was taken. See Bro. Graybill's article, page 182. 

liililliiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiililliiliiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii ii i mil iniiiiiiiii iiiiiiiiiiiiii!iiiiiiiiiiiiiii;iiiii!iiii!a^i:.^i , y^^ 

The Missionary Visitor 




The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to the 
General Board, either direct or thru any congregational collection, provided the 
dollar or more is given by one individual and in no way combined with another's 
gift. Different members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and extra 
subscriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will 
be interested in reading the Visitor. 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscrip- 
tion for every dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of one dollar or 
more, no matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting 
the Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor 
will be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries including Canada. 
Subscriptions discontinued at expiration ©f time. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. 
When asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please order paper 
each year if possible under same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 
Entered as second class matter at the postoffice at Elgin, Illinois. 

Contents for July, 1917 


Wichita Conference Missionary Notes, 165 


- Acrostic (Poem), By E. J. B 169 

Three Calls in the Night, ». 170 

Conditions Justifying Home Mission Work, By H.'W. Rohrer, 172 

Forget It (Poem) , 174 

Some Thoughts from India, By J. M. Pittenger, 175 

India Notes, By Erne V. Long, 176 

The Hindered Christ (Poem), 177 

The Third Week of February, 1917, By I. S. Long, 178 

Why This Restlessness and Discontent? By Emma Horning, 179 

China Notes, By Emma Horning, 180 

The Malmo Missions' Benevolent Work, Christmas of 1916, By J. F. 

Graybill, *. 182 

Why I Believe in Missions, By G. C. Bair, 183 

Missionary Advances, 184 

" It Pays to Advertise," By Ralph G. Rarick 185 

For God So Loved (Poem), 186 

Missionary Study Class, West Dayton, Ohio, By Cordie Murray, 187 



Not Understood (Poem), 190 

Bridgewater College, By C. G. Hesse, 190 

Wanted— A Worker, 190 

The Call of the Homeland, By C. G. Shull 191 

Weekly Prayer Hour, By Roy A. Frantz, 192 

The Burden (Poem), 196 


The Missionary Visitor 

Volume XIX 

JULY, 1917 

Number 7 

Wichita Conference Missionary Notes 

The missionary phase of the recent Con- 
ference at Wichita recorded a new high 
mark in size of missionary offering, and a 
new depth of consecration and missionary 
conviction. The crowd was small, com- 
pared to what it has been in many years, 
but war conditions, distance and busy times 
likely were contributing factors towards re- 
ducing the number. 


This in no wise deterred those in attend- 
ance from enjoying themselves and expe- 
riencing the presence of the Spirit in full- 
ness and power. It would seem that the 
grave spirit of the times was upon those 
that assembled, realizing as they did that 
this day is witnessing more bloodshed and 
suffering than any which has preceded it, 
and that the world is a vast military camp. 

The program of Saturday morning was 
given over almost wholly to our mission- 
aries now at home on furlough. Brother 
and Sister Adam Ebey, who returned from 
the field in October, and Sister Ida C. Shu- 
maker, who had just arrived, represented 
India and gave the audience a vision of our 
work in that country. Sister Winnie Cripe, 
who had only recently returned from China, 
and Bro. F. H. Crumpacker, soon to return 
to his chosen field with his wife and son, 
represented China and brought to our 
minds glimpses of what our little band of 
workers is doing to help save that country. 

Bro. E. H. Eby, formerly of India, but 
now a traveling secretary for the Board, 
among the churches in the homeland, gave 
a very splendid outline of some of the 
things which must be done by the churches 
at home, in order to strengthen the work 
of missions abroad. Bro. Floyd Irvin, 
president of the United Student Volunteers, 

gave a strong address on " Why I Am a 
Volunteer." The spirit of our Volunteers 
as reflected in this address plants hope 
within the breast of all who are interested 
in missions. When young student life of 
our church welds itself, with the fire of 
"God, into such an organization with purpose 
in the concrete, we can well have hope for 
future missionary conquest. 

Sister Minerva Metzger, recently re- 
turned from China, because of sickness in 
her immediate family, was unable to take 
her place on the program. We should very 
much have liked to greet at the Conference 
Sister Ida Himmelsbaugh, now so eagerly 
awaiting opportunity to return to India, and 
Sister Kathren Holsopple, who is recover- 
ing from a recent surgical operation. With 
these present our circle of furloughed mis- 
sionaries would have been complete. 

While the report was not given at Wich- 
ita, it will be of interest to our readers to 
know that during the year closing Feb. 28, 
1917, 545 received missionary certificates on 
our Mission Study Course, while 295 
seals were sent out in recognition of seal 
course books studied. While this number 
is mentioned as receiving the certificate, yet 
from the fact that 1,135 books, " Christian 
Heroism," were sold during the year, we 
must conclude that many studied who did 
not take the examination. 

A most gratifying organization in the 
church is that of our Student Volunteers for 
missionary service, as mentioned previously 
in these notes. This organization held its 
regular annual meeting at Wichita, but of 
this we shall allow the Volunteers them- 
selves to speak to the Visitor readers. Ac- 
cording to the latest statistics we have, 


The Missionary Visitor 


Our New Missionaries for India 

Back row, left to right, Sisters Lillian Grisso, Annetta Mow, Ella Ebbert. Front 
row, Sister Howard Alley, Bro. D. L. Miller and Bro. Howard L. Alley. Bro. Miller is a 
father to all our missionaries on the field. 

there are in our schools 142 volunteers for 
foreign service and 271 for general service 
to go anywhere that the Lord may direct. 
What a force this is to lead us into the 
riches of the consecrated life! 
The mind of Conference is always turned 
towards the missionary meeting of Monday 
afternoon, because this proves to be the cli- 
max in giving, both of self and money. 

Leading up towards this meeting at Wich- 
ita the fifteen new missionary candidates for 
the field met with the General Mission 
Board on Sunday afternoon. At this special 
session each candidate gave some statement 
regarding the nature of the call and the pur- 
pose that led towards the foreign field. 
Tears flowed freely at this meeting — tears 
of gratitude and joy. It would be a rich 
feast to our Conference if each worker go- 
ing to the field could make his address on 
this subject to the entire assembly. We 

shall endeavor to have each one speak 
through an early issue of the Visitor on this 
general theme. 

Monday afternoon the audience gathered 
promptly at 1 : 30 for the greatest mission- 
ary meeting in many ways that we have 
ever had at an Annual Conference. The 
large auditorium was ample and to spare 
for all who desired to gain admittance. 
With Bro. D. L. Miller presiding the pro- 
gram opened with song and devout prayer. 
Bro. F. H. Crumpacker delivered the first 
message from the scripture, " For God so 
loved the world that He gave His only be- 
gotten Son." It is impossible to convey 
to the reader the effect of Bro. Crumpack- 
er's argument. With no attempt at oratory 
or smooth, beautiful climaxes of words, our 
brother simply poured out from the fullness 
of his heart such indisputable arguments 
and clinched them in a manner that no one 
could escape from the force and truth of his 


The Missionary Visitor 


reasoning. Doubly effective was his mes- 
sage because of his surrendered, victorious 
life in Christ Jesus. 


Bro. F. F. Holsopple then followed with 
a masterly appeal for the best that the audi- 
ence could give. After a few well-chosen 
statements, the audience was asked by him 
to sing, " I gave my life for thee, . . . 
what hast thou given to Me?" In answer 
to this, the missionaries on furlough and 
those under appointment sang " I surrender 
all." Then followed the appeal. Pledges 
and blank checks were distributed to any in 
the audience who might desire them, and 
in silence the missionary offering was lifted. 
The offering thus placed in the Lord's trea- 
sury amounts at the time of writing these 
notes, to $40,130.62 in cash and $807 in 
pledges. ^8 

Such an amount of money, so much lar- 
ger than any offering ever before lifted at 
Conference, brought joy to every heart. In 
1890 at Pertle Springs, Mo., the first Con- 

ference offering was lifted. The amount 
raised was $224.30, and our people were 
happy. Many local churches this year 
raised a sum far in excess of the total first 
offering. Last year the amount contributed 
was slightly more than $25,500. 


Thus the way is wonderfully opened for 
the sending out of the fifteen new mission- 
aries approved this year, with Brother and 
Sister A. R. Coffman approved at last An- 
nual Conference. One cannot but thank the 
Lord and take courage at this evident token 
of His approval upon the missionary work 
which is being done. 

We should love to mention the many 
churches and individuals who we know 
helped so loyally to swell the offering. 
Especially must we mention our dear 
brother who, amid tears, gave the sum of 
$5,125 and did it cheerfully. Also Lords- 
burg congregation, California, in spite of a 
strenuous financial campaign in behalf of 

Our New Workers for China 

Back row, left to right, Sister Byron M. Flory, Byron M. Flory, Sister Walter J. Heisey, 
Bro. Walter J. Heisey, Sister Norman A. Seese, Bro. Norman A. Seese, Sister Grace Clapper. 

Front row, Sisters Mary Schaeffer, Myrtle Pollock (nurse), Bro. D. L. Miller, Sister Edna R. 
Flory (nurse). 

Bro. Miller after considerable persuasion kindly consented to be in the pictures of our India 
and China groups. 


The Missionary Visitor 


their college, gave in pledges and cash $750, 
and Pleasant View congregation, Maryland, 
a church of 110 members, gave a check for 
$700. # 

We merely mention these, with appreci- 
ation for all the rest, for the vision that 
they may give us of the days that are to 
be. The time will come in the near future 
in our church, when our members will look 
forward to Conference with keen antici- 
pation, and will as individuals place in the 
missionary basket their checks for hundreds 
and thousands of dollars. Others are do- 
ing it in their denominations; some are be- 
ginning to do so in ours, and the habit will 
become general as the spirit of consecra- 
tion grips us and the needs of the field be- 
come more generally known. 


Conference this year changed the periods 
of service for the members of the General 
Mission Board, making the terms five years 
instead of three, as has prevailed hereto- 
fore. This means that the term of office 
for one member will hereafter expire each 
year. & 

Bro. Charles D. Bonsack, of New Wind- 
sor, Md., who gave place on the Board last 
year to Bro. A. P. Blough, this year suc- 
ceeds Bro. Galen B. Royer. Bro. Royer 
continues with the Board as secretary- 
treasurer, the capacity in which he has so 
efficiently served the Brotherhood for more 
than twenty-six years. 


A very important and significant meeting 
held on Saturday afternoon was that of the 
District Mission Boards of the Brother- 
hood. A very strong program was given, 
pertaining to the Development of the Dis- 
trict Mission Boards, Their Relation to the 
General Mission Board, Unoccupied Ter- 
ritory, Rural Churches, Our Responsibility 
to the Foreigners, and Our Resources as a 
Church. The general sentiment seemed to 
be that our District Boards are not related 
to each other quite so closely as would be 
most advantageous for the proper develop- 
ment of our work on the home base. A 
committee, composed of Brethren P. J. 
Blough, chairman, Edgar Rothrock, sec- 
retary, and D. J. Blickenstaff, treasurer, was 
appointed to foster closer relations during 
the year. We might whisper to our read- 

ers that these brethren are planning on the 
preparation of a special number of the Mis- 
sionary Visitor to be issued in the near fu- 
ture, in the interests of our District Board 
work. ^ 

Strange as it may seem, our church as a 
whole has never very actively taken hold 
of missionary work in the Southern States. 
Where such has been prosecuted with vigor, 
abundant fruitage has resulted. This year 
three queries were before Conference, ask- 
ing that more serious consideration be giv- 
en to the needs and possibilities of mission 
work in the Southern States. It is sincerely 
hoped that this movement may gain such 
momentum that definite work in many 
places will be undertaken. 

Then there was the Rural Life Confer- 
ence — a meeting closely akin to missionary 
effort. Some very practical, helpful ad- 
dresses were made in this conference, and 
the meeting as a whole is a foretoken of 
what work may be done towards strength- 
ening the influence of our Brotherhood, 
both at home and abroad. If we do not 
wish our stakes to pull out on either side 
of the seas we must strengthen them alike, 
both at home and abroad. 

The holding of these various conferences, 
widely divergent in some respects, but con- 
verging just the same into a desire to fulfill 
the spirit of the great commission, shows 
us that our church is awakening to her own 
resources. Such meetings teach us that we 
are beginning to make the best uses of that 
with which the Lord has endowed us. And 
here again is shown the result of patient 
efforts in education, the Sunday-school, and 
an active missionary propaganda. 

And now we almost overlooked mention- 
ing the Sisters' Aid Societies. May God 
bless our mothers and sisters who ply the 
needle! Not so long ago our Aid Societies 
undertook to raise money to build a $10,- 
000 hospital at Bulsar, India, as a memorial 
to Sister Mary N. Quinter. This amount 
has been subscribed and a good portion al- 
ready paid in. At Wichita our sisters de- 
cided to raise $3,000 properly to equip this 
hospital for .the deeds of mercy for which 
it is being erected. May God bless these 

J"iy The Missionary Visitor 169 

loyal daughters of the Great King, who " The Twentieth Century Story of the 

have made the institution possible 1 Christ" is a new harmony of the Gospels 

j* arranged by Henry T. Sell. The text is 

The future is bright, and the outlook op- based on the Twentieth Century Transla- 

timistic. We swept the slate clean of busi- tion of the New Testament, of which about 

ness at Wichita, an unprecedented event a quarter of a million copies have been 

at an Annual Conference. Not an item of sold. This story brings to the reader new 

business left for consideration at Hershey visions of the Christ, the purpose of His 

next June! Yet such a spirit of love was in life and words, in such a way as to instill 

perfect harmony with the spirit of the meet- deeper spiritual strivings, humbler obedi- 

ing from beginning to end. This is a mis- ence and a more consistent walk with Him 

sionary item in itself which is worth report- with Whom all have to do. The book has 

ing. And next June we shall give added such merit that every Bible student should 

consideration to the many positive move- have it simply to read, without comment, 

ments which are growing into prominence the Bible story of the Christ, our Savior, 

in our church, and which will find expres- Revell Co., 1917. Cloth, 12mo, 50c. Order 

sion through programs and conferences at through the Brethren Publishing House, 

our future great Annual Conventions. Elgin, Illinois. 


E. J. B. 

Many blessings from our Father cause our hearts to open wide, 
And to see the need of others who in darkness now abide; 
Reaching out in search of Jesus. Never knew the Crucified! 
Yearning for the Bread of life. 

Quiet messages have told us of their longing, and their need. 
U have often heard the story of their waiting. Will you heed? 
In the distance you can hear them. They are pleading to be freed, 
Never found the Bread of life. 

Thousands waiting for the Gospel. Hungry, starving, dying there; 
Ever turn their faces to us; calling, calling in despair! 
Ripened harvest for the reaper, workers needed everywhere. 
Mary answered: "Here am I." 

Eagerly she sought the lost ones, leading many to the Lord; 
Making no provision for her needs, or wants. She took the sword 
Of the Spirit to the conflict, holding up the Precious Word, 
Raising high the blessed Christ. 

Into darkened hearts the light shone. Some are saved. What precious sheaves! 
Altar, sacrifice and fuel; weakness, sickness, death. She leaves 
Loyal comrades, weary heartaches. Oh, so many this bereaves! 
Harken! Listen to the call! 

"Oh, we need a place of shelter for the sick and weary ones! 

Shall we call in vain for helpers?" Hear the quick and free response! 
" Plenty fills the homeland garners. We will help you, faithful ones, 
In this hour of greatest need. 

" Take our gifts of love, dear people. You have toiled so faithfully, 
All the years of loving service yields such precious fruitage. We 
Long to share the harvest with you, now, and in eternity." 

Huntingdon, Pa. 


The Missionary Visitor 



A YOUNG girl sat in Northfield, Mas- 
sachusetts. In her hand was a mes- 
sage which contained sufficient 
cause for the troubled expression on her 

The message summoned her to India to 
see her mother who was ill on the mission 
field. Ida Scudder did not want to go to 
India. She thought almost resentfully of 
the many members of her family who had 
given their lives to India. 

Her noble grandfather, Dr. Scudder, 
might have been the most prominent New 
York physician if he had not read " The 
Call of Six Hundred Millions " as he waited 
to see a patient in New York City. That 
call from out of the darkness and super- 
stition and suffering laid hold of his heart 
and drew him out to India to give his life 
in self-spending ministration. His life and 
work had blazed the way with a trail of 
light through India's darkness, and never, 
since it set the light ashining had there been 
a day when there was no Scudder in India 
to keep this torch burning. 

One by one they had come back to 
America to be educated — his children and 
his grandchildren. One by one the call of 
God and of India's awful need had drawn 
them back. Seven of his children and fifteen 
of his grandchildren had already gone back 
to India. Ida Scudder had been born there. 
Her father and mother were there now, 
pouring out their lives in service. 

" It is enough," said Ida Scudder as she 
sat in Northfield with the -summons in her 
hand. She would go, eagerly, gladly, to 
be with her mother while she was sick, but, 
when her mother was well, she would no 
longer bury herself in India. She would 
hasten back to America to live her life as 
other girls were living theirs. 

So Ida Scudder took passage for India 
to see her sick mother — only to see her 
sick mother. She assured herself- and her 
friends over and over again that there was 
no danger of her staying in India — the 
India that had already claimed more than 
its share of the Scudders. 

One night she sat in her father's house 
in India. As the dusk of the twilight was 
deepening into the darkness of the night a 

knock sounded at the door. The girl an- 
swered its summons. A man stood before 
her. He was a high-caste Mohammedan, 
tall, slender, white-robed. He bowed low 
and spoke. 

" My young wife is ill— ill to the death. 
Our doctors can do nothing for her. Will 
the gracious lady come to attend her? " 
Ida Scudder knew naught of medicine. 

" My father," she answered eagerly, " is 
a medical man. He will come to see your 

The Mohammedan drew himself up 
proudly. " No man has ever looked upon 
the face of my wife. We are high born. I 
should rather a thousand times she should 
die than that a man should look upon her 

Silently he turned and went out into the 

Ida Scudder sat down and thought. She 
was in India now. In India with this piti- 
ful, unpitied child-wife, who might be dy- 
ing even as she sat and thought of her. How 
long she sat she knew not. She was 
startled by a second knock that sounded. 

Possibly the man had been softened by 
the sight of the agony of the little wife, and 
had come for her father. Eagerly she 
opened the door. It was not the same man 
who stood there. Possibly it was his mes- 

" My wife " — began this man, as had the 
other, " my wife is very sick. She is giv- 
ing me" much trouble. It is a pity that a 
wife should give her husband so much 
trouble. After all my pains she may die 
unless the mem sahib comes and heals her." 

The girl looked at him hopefully. Surely 
he could not be as prejudiced as the other 

" I am not a doctor," she explained. " My 
father is a medical man. He will — " 

The man interrupted her with a proud up- 
lifting of his turbaned head. " I am a high- 
caste man," he said. " No man dare look 
upon the face of my wife." 

Even as he spoke he turned and disap- 
peared in the darkness. 

Ida Scudder's thoughts went back to the 
girl. Perhaps she was only a little girl. 
So many of them were. Perhaps she was 


The Missionary Visitor 


dying even now because no man could help 
her and there was no woman to help. Some- 
thing clutched at the heart of the American 
girl over there in India and choked her 
throat as she sat helpless and unhelping. It 
was terrible that two calls should come in 
such rapid succession on the same night. 
As she shuddered at the thought and the 
misery of it all a third knock sounded. A 
third man came before her. His voice was 
almost eager. 

" My wife," he said, " she is ill, very ill. 
They told me I could find help for her 
here. A wonderful foreign doctor who had 
done remarkable things." At last there was 
a call for her fatherl 

"Oh, yes, I will send my father," she 
gladly answered. 

The man involuntarily straightened him- 
self. "Not a man! No man shall look up- 
on the face of my wife. You must come." 

In vain did the girl plead that her father 
would come. Sadly and alone the man de- 
parted as had the two other men before 
him. Ida Scudder sat down again. Were 
all the suffering childwives in India calling 
to her that night? Was one of those end- 
less processions she had read about in mis- 
sionary magazines actually going to march 
by her door with unending, maddening con- 

The night passed on. The day dawned. 
Ida Scudder walked out into the street. As 
she passed a gateway she heard wailing and 
loud lamentation. It chilled her heart. She 
knew that the life of one of the child-wives 
had passed with the passing of the day. 

She went on. At another house the beat- 
ing of the musical instruments, the shrieks 
and the moans, told her that a second little 
wife was dead. 

She would have turned back, sick at heart, 
but a relentless hand drew her on until she 
stood before the rude bier bedecked with 
flowers, which was to carry away the poor 
little body of the third wife whom the 
skilled touch of a physician might have 

Unspoken accusations sounded in her 
ears though no voice sounded the words 
that accused her, " If thou hadst been here, 
these might not have died." 

That fall, among the names of those who 
entered the Woman's Medical College in 
Philadelphia, there appeared the name of 

Ida S. Scudder. She had heard the call of 
the women and children of India; the call 
of her grandfather's love and of his life; 
the call of her father's and mother's sacri- 
fice. Above all, she heard a call which came 
from the lips of a Man Who hung upon a 
cross. The print of thorns was upon His 
brow. Nail wounds were in His hands and 
His feet, and His side was pierced. The 
cross seemed to be transplanted until it 
stood in India's soil, and the voice of Him 
upon it said not " Go ye," but " I have died 
for India. Come, follow Me." 

As she followed the cross into India, Dr. 
Ida Scudder has brought blessing and health 
and life to thousands of India's girls and 

She passes on to the girls and women of 
America those knocks that are summoning 
aid in the night. The night is dark in India 
and we have light. The call comes not 
from three only but from three hundred and 
fifteen millions of India's people. They ap- 
peal with an insistent call for some to go 
and for all to give and to pray. — Mrs. E. C. 
Cronk, in the Missionary Review of the 


.* # 


Some of the explanations given of our 
modes of procedure and of the object we 
have in view are decidedly curious. One 
man said with the greatest confidence to 
his friend, that when an Arab "enters" our 
religion, the first thing the missionary does 
is to take his photo. If this turns out well, 
the sum is settled (generally five francs) 
which is to be paid to him daily for " en- 
tering " our religion. Should the convert 
return to Islam, the missionary would soon 
know it, for the photograph would then 
change color. He would then take the 
renegade's photo and shoot at it with a re- 
volver. As soon as the ball pierces it the 
man would fall dead. If after some time 
the convert remains true, the " chief of the 
religion " arrives. The tops of the thumbs 
and the great toes of the convert are cut 
sufficiently to make the blood flow, and the 
" chief of the religion " is operated on in 
the same way. The " chief " then places 
his bleeding thumbs and great toes on those 
of the convert, and, their blood thus com- 
ing into contact, it is believed that the na- 
tive convert will remain faithful to Chris- 
tianity. Some of the convert's blood is put 
into a small bottle and kept most carefully 
by the missionaries. This blood remains 
red as long as the convert remains faith- 
ful, but changes color if he should prove 


The Missionary Visitor 



H. W. Rohrer 

THE fundamental aim of mission 
work, as well as that of all other 
evangelical Christian activities, is to 
get men to be Christian. Whatever may 
be the nature of a mission or the character 
of its program, its vital function is to help 
men to know Christ, to lead them to Him 
and to build them up in Him. 

Accepting this as the supreme basis justi- 
fying mission work, let us ask ourselves the 
question: "What conditions justify the 
maintenance and promotion of mission 
work in our homeland?" We at once say: 
"A need." That is very good; but just 
what is the nature and condition of that 
which we call "a need"? The need may 
consist in an improperly churched commu- 
nity. In it there may be churchhouses 
enough, representing a sufficient number of 
denominations to meet the needs of the 
community; but, if they are not effectively 
Christianizing the community, something is 
needed. Some one suggests that a con- 
gregation of ours in a community apparent- 
ly too weak to support itself represents a 
justifiable need. That may or it may not 
be so; let us see. Are the people of that 
particular congregation doing in the most 
effective way all they can for their own 
work? Does the community in which the 
church is situated present an opportunity 
for growth which can not be handled by 
the forces now on the field? If there is in 
the locality a problem vital to the- develop- 
ment of the Christian life of that commu- 
nity; if this problem will not likely be 
solved within a reasonable length of time 
without missionary support; if the problem 
is large enough as compared with problems 
and needs of other communities; and if its 
proper solution will be materially advanced 
by missionary effort there, then, all other 
things being equal, conditions justify mis- 
sion work at that place. 

The problem may consist in dormancy 
and inefficient activity. Many Christian 
communities and churches manage to do 
little more than barely to exist. They are 
much like a certain w industrial " class of 
people, concerning whom it has been said, 
" They get little else done than to draw 

their breath and their pay." There are val- 
leys full of dry bones in our land — not a 
few. Prophets with the vision and message 
of Ezekiel are needed to reanimate them. 
In some places where activity seems evi- 
dent it is not productive of results. Re- 
sults must be produced or we will die. In 
our Christian work especially we are too 
frequently guilty of shooting without aim- 
ing. In the business world if certain meth- 
ods and lines of activity do not produce 
adequate results they are discarded and re- 
placed by more efficient ones. Just now 
there comes to our mind an extensive com- 
munity with not more than 200 inhabitants 
to each church in it. The churches represent 
five Protestant denominations, yet the Chris- 
tian forces of that community are marked 
by apathy, inefficiency and indifference. 
Whether or not mission work would meet 
this situation depends upon its method, aim 
and vitality. If through it life will be im- 
parted, balanced and efficient methods esta- 
blished, and energies wisely utilized it is in 
place in these communities sadly lacking in 
the essentials of healthful Christian growth. 
Again, the problem may consist in an 
overchurched community; one in which un- 
due waste may be indulged through harm- 
ful competition and rivalry waged among 
Protestant evangelical churches. Here is a 
case of a community with a total of 800 
persons and having eight churches; another 
of 300 people with six churches. We are 
piteously squandering our energies by du- 
plicating and overlapping each other. It is 
estimated, for instance, that if the religious 
forces of three Protestant Christian denom- 
inations of Vermont, largely a country 
State, were reorganized into non-duplica- 
tory churches, with a membership of 200 
each and a pastor in each congregation re- 
ceiving $1,000 a year, Vermont would save 
$65,000 a year for work in needy fields. If 
Rhode Island, essentially an urban State, 
were to readjust her religious forces on the 
basis of 300 members to each congrega- 
tion, with a pastor receiving a salary of 
$3,000 per year, that State would save $140,- 
000 each year and 140 ministers for service 
elsewhere. (See "The New Home Mis- 


The Missionary Visitor 


sions," pp. 203-4.) Such unwise expenditure 
of energies leads inevitably to another form 
of waste. Clear-thinking and judicious lay- 
men do not approve of it. They are stead- 
ily and firmly taking the position that they 
will not support or be a part of a movement 
which utilizes its time and means in prose- 
lyting and in wasteful rivalry. There is a 
marked tendency for these to turn from the 
church on the ground that she is not ad- 
justing herself as she may and should to 
meet the saving needs of this and the com- 
ing generations. The work of the Christian 
forces of any community is to elevate and 
purify the whole life of that community; to 
direct their energies in a sympathetic, co- 
operative movement to make their com- 
munity thoroughly Christian; to get, as 
nearly as possible, every person living in it 
to accept Christ, live Him in everyday life, 
and help carry His message to others. If 
it is found that by mission work in such 
improperly churched communities the real- 
ization of these improved conditions of re- 
adjustment and cooperative service will be 
decidedly and effectively promoted its es- 
tablishment and maintenance there is justi- 

Further, conditions warranting mission 
work may consist in an inadequately 
churched community, or one having in it no 
church at all. " But," some one ventures, 
" does not the absence of one of our church- 
es in a community justify work there?" 
That depends upon whether or not the com- 
munity is unchurched or has in it an ele- 
ment which is not being reached by Chris- 
tian forces now there. I wonder whether 
Paul does not pretty well corroborate our 
statement in this. He says, " Yea, mak- 
ing it my aim so to preach the gospel, not 
where Christ was already named, that I 
might not build upon another man's founda- 
tion." He felt it unwise and contrary to 
his commission to interfere with or to over- 
lap the work of another witness of our 
Master. The absence of the church of one 
particular Christian evangelical denomina- 
tion in a community can not alone justify 
mission work there, especially when there 
are so many communities inadequately 
reached or not reached at all by any Prot- 
estant Christian church. I imagine one of 
the things that please Satan most is to see 
Christian groups contending about them- 

selves and against themselves. Such work 
is certainly gratifying to him, for while we 
are doing this we are leaving the unsaved 
to him and assisting him in undermining 
the unity and vitality of the kingdom of 
God. I suggest that we be as wise, at least, 
as were the Russian and German soldiers, 
recently, when at a point on the northeast- 
ern line of conflict, in the present war a 
large drove of wolves came upon them to 
devour the wounded. The soldiers forgot 
their differences and cooperated in driving 
off their common foe. Had they continued 
fighting each other they would have weak- 
ened themselves, and their common foe, the 
wolf, likely would have consumed them in 
large numbers. Satan is likened to a 
" roaring lion " which requires more con- 
stant and cooperative resistance than does 
a wolf, and his name is " legion." 

The following, I am convinced, is the 
paramount question to be pondered in con- 
sidering the opening or continuance of a 
mission point. Is there in that particular 
community an unevangelized element which 
evangelical Christian work already estab- 
lished there is not reaching and will not 
likely soon reach? Is the unevangelized 
element large enough and of such a nature 
as will warrant the establishment of mission 
work there now? 

Have we, then, such unchurched and in- 
adequately churched groups, and commu- 
nities as will warrant home mission work? 
We need not ponder long to answer this 
question unmistakably. In our country 
there are 15,000,000 people outside of the 
Christian church. In our Western States 
there are communities of from 15,000 to 20,- 
000 population without a Protestant church. 
In 1909, when the National Federal Council 
of Churches made a survey of Colorado, 
they found 133 such communities. One 
hundred of these had in them no Catholic 
church, either. ("The New Home Mis- 
sions," p. 102.) A survey now being made 
by the Home Mission Council shows that 
in five northwestern States there are prob- 
ably 170,000 people living more than four 
miles from a church. Over 1,000 un- 
churched communities show presumptive 
evidence of the need of permanent organ- 
ization. (Ibid., p. 102.) Our country dis- 
tricts present a challenge worthy of consid- 
eration. This is true in the South and 


The Missionary Visitor 



East as well as in the North and West, 
though to a less extent. We seem to think 
that everybody is moving to the city. 
Thousands are, and that requires careful re- 
adjustment of the country church to meet 
the changing need. There is need of strong, 
efficient leadership in our country districts. 
Not all who are "going" are going to the 
city. Many are going from the city to the 
country. After the present war more will 
be doing this. Comparatively speaking, 
morals and slum conditions of the country 
are not much better than those of the city. 
We have country as well as urban slums. 
These are characterized by all the condi- 
tions of physical, moral and spiritual degra- 
dation as those common to the slums of our 
cities. To purify and Christianize these is 
a direct challenge to the Christian forces of 
our country. 

Our cities, too, present a real challenge. 
New communities are constantly being built 
up. In each of these communities which is 
now large enough to justify it, or which will 
likely soon be large enough to justify such 
a movement, an active church should be 
established to keep the cause of Christ be- 
fore the people. If we are awake to our 
duty we can find in our cities many such 
opportunities. The church should get on 
the ground, while the community is in the 
formative stage. In fact, it should be one 
of the first activities to be started there. 
Churches are being put in such communi- 
ties. It is our privilege to start and direct 
the religious activities in a portion of them. 
If we wait till the community is established 
and adequately churched, we will be too 
late. Establishing work there then would 
not be evangelical Christian mission work. 

Our city population is growing faster 
than our Protestant church membership. It 
is held that a certain ward in New York 
City, which contains over 80,000 people, has 
in it but one Protestant house of worship. 
In our cities Protestant churches average 
one to every three or four thousand of the 
population. A considerable percentage of 
these who are not Protestant Christians are 
also not Roman Catholic, while many who 
are would not be so if Protestant evangel- 
ical Christianity were intelligently present- 
ed to them. 

Thousands of the foreign-born of our 
country have hoped that by coming here 

they would escape the yoke of the Roman 
hierarchy. A decided majority of our im- 
migrants who are Roman Catholics are only 
nominally so. There are about 40,000,000 
people living among us who are either for- 
eign-born or of foreign-born parentage. 
They come open minded, eager to learn of 
" Christian America." They interpret our 
attitude toward them as the expression of 
our religion. As a denomination we are 
practically not touching them. Are we do- 
ing our duty here? Each year thousands of 
them go home, carrying with them the in- 
terpretation of Christianity which we have 
given them. Undoubtedly here is an un- 
churched, unevangelized element of our 
country's population. 

We repeat: Wherever there is found a 
community or an element within a commu- 
nity which is not now and most probably 
will not soon be wisely and adequately 
cared for by evangelical Christian work 
now established in that community; or, 
wherever no such church exists and' the 
community or an element within the com- 
munity now is or evidently will soon be 
large enough to warrant it, there are con- 
ditions justifying home mission work. 


If you see a tall fellow ahead of a crowd, 
A leader of men, marching fearless and 

And you know of a tale whose mere telling 

Would cause his proud head in grief to be 

It's a pretty good plan to forget it. 

If you know of a skeleton hidden away 
In a cupboard and guarded and kept from 

the day 
In the dark, and whose showing, whose 

open display 
Would cause grief and sorrow and lifelong 

It's a pretty good plan to forget it. 

If you know of a thing that will darken the 

Of a man or a woman, a girl or a boy, 
That will wipe out a smile or the least way 

A fellow or cause any gladness to cloy, 
It's a pretty good plan to forget it. 

— Exchange. 


The Missionary Visitor 



J. M. Pittenger 

TWICE during the past year did the 
cry of Belgium's suffering children 
come to us in India in a very special 
way, and we had the joy of helping to re- 
lieve their sufferings. The first call came 
through the department of education of the 
government of India, and was made to the 
schools where public instruction is given to 
a small percentage of India's children. The 
appeal was to the mission schools here in 
the Dangs, along with all those in other 
sections. Patrons and friends of the schools 
were given an apportunity to share in the 
blessings of this work. Fifty rupees, about 
seventeen dollars, were thus contributed by 
the villagers, teachers, native Christians, na- 
tive government officials and others, and it 
was an experience full' of joy for every con- 

At Christmas time the Ahwa Sunday- 
school heard another plea from the Belgian 
children, as made through the India Sunday- 
school Union. The contributions were ten- 
dered with great joy again, and nearly $2.75 
was contributed. It is a source of much 
inspiration and comfort to see how helping 
the distressed affects the life of those who 
have become so dependent and used to look- 
ing to the other fellow for assistance. 

♦ * ♦> 
Have you been reading the accounts of 
the persecutions and attendant terrible suf- 
ferings of the Jews, Armenians and others 
in Russia, Turkey and elsewhere, since this 
awful war began? I recall nothing in all 
history so cruel as some of these deeds. It 
seems that the bitterest persecutions to the 
Jews in all their long and checkered history, 
have come since Aug. 1, 1914. And the 
Armenians! Who could be so heartless as to 
commit some or even a single one of the 
horrible crimes perpetrated against these 
people by the Turks, even if he were wicked 
enough to work them out in his thoughts? 
In Van, the ancient capital of the Armenian 
Empire, were enacted some atrocities that 
would be unbelievable were they not de- 
scribed by those whom God in His love and 
mercy spared. If you want to understand 
how gracious God has been to all of us who 

have been spared, read Dr. Ussher's articles 
on the siege of Van, as given in the Sunday 
School Times of December, 1916. 

* * * 

Reader, are you grateful, in a measure as 
you've never felt before, for God's love, for 
His protection, as afforded through the gov- 
ernment of " the land of the brave and the 
home of the free," for the bounteous har- 
vests given you, for the nice home, for the 
peace that has gone so far from Europe's 
war-cursed nations, for friends who wish 
you well, who love, help and sympathize 
with you, for the godly parents who are or 
were yours, and for the countless other 
blessings that neither you nor I nor any one 
can name? Are you really, truly thankful 
to Him? Did you ever note what a really 
thankful child says and does? May you not 
do the act which will express your grati- 
tude? Can you not, will you not, say the 
words of thanksgiving and pray the prayer 
of gratitude? Do, and be greatly blessed. 

* * * 

Here's a story about a man who was sent: 

" Why, man, you're burying your talent in 
a place like this!" the minister's friend said 
earnestly, almost indignantly. " Out in the 
thick of things, with your abilities, you could 
accomplish almost anything. If you stay on 
here, the world will soon forget there is 
such a fellow as Ralph Denniston." 

Denniston smiled his familiar, quizzical 
smile. " I don't believe God is forgetting, 
McQuiston. When I came out to this little 
frontier town, fifteen years ago, I was con- 
fident that I was being sent. If I hadn't 
been, I think I should have gone somewhere 
else. After I. had taught six months in the 
stuffy, overcrowded little school-building on 
the hill yonder, I was surer of it than ever. 
I knew the place needed me, or a better 
man. I didn't see any likelihood that the 
better man would come. The pupils ' took 
to me,' as the parents say, and I knew I 
had an influence with them. I could point 
out a good many cases where I have got 

" The salary is small and I've had a 


The Missionary Visitor 


dozen better offers. They've come mostly 
through old college classmates, and for that 
reason it's pained me to turn them down; 
but — well, I've never heard the order to 
leave from the One in command. That may 
sound like mysticism to a hard-headed, 
practical man of affairs like you, McQuis- 
ton, but it's very real to me, and — yes, I 
might as well say it — very precious and 
satisfying. I doubt whether a salary of ten 
thousand a year would give me the peace 
of mind it does to know that I am where 
God wants me to be. 

" I won't say I don't have any longings 
for what you call ' the thick of things.' 
That's unavoidable, after a fellow has once 
known the thrill of big undertakings and 

the zest of neck-and-neck competition. But 
I think of it like this: When the workday 
is over, I'd want to feel that I could face 
God with a clear conscience about this 
thing. I'd hate to confess that I'd obeyed 
the Heavenly Vision at the start, and later 
on quibbled and pretended I couldn't see 
it any longer." 

" I don't know but you're more than half 
right," the other admitted, soberly. His 
eyes narrowed upon the white school- 
building upon the hilltop, and there was a 
long silence. " To feel sure God knows 
where to find you, because He sent you 
there and never gave you orders to leave — ■ 
that's a great thought, Denniston." — 
Youth's Companion, Dec. 28, 1916. 


Effie V. Long 

For March 

BRETHREN Lichty and B lough 
went to Vada and organized the 
church there Feb. 22, with twenty- 
six members. On the following Sunday 
Brethren Stover and Blough assisted in or- 
ganizing the church at Dahanu, with fifty 
members. Several were baptized that day. 
Now we have organized churches at all of 
our stations, and at one out-station, making 
nine in all. Jt 

Bro. Holsopple writes from Vali 'that 
four more were baptized recently, one be- 
ing a woman whose husband is not a Chris- 
tian. She needs your prayers. 

At Anklesvar last Sunday, March 3, Bro. 
Govindji Khengar, with his wife, Kankubai, 
was installed into the ministry, having been 
elected several weeks previously. Bro. 
Naranji Vahlji has been called to the min- 
istry at Bulsar and will be installed soon. 
We now have five native ministers in the 
India church, and we look forward to the 
time when we may have many more. 

r p»" ~ 3 

The India Sunday-school Examination 
prizes have been awarded. Out of the five 
for Gujarat, two were awarded to our mis- 
sion — two members at Vyara receiving the 
medals for the teachers' and senior division. 

Also nine Bibles were won as prizes by 
the Vyara candidates. 

The District Meeting was held at Ankles- 
var, March 6-8. The attendance, for differ- 
ent reasons, was the smallest for some 
years, but the collection or offering was the 
largest we have ever had. A full report of 
the meeting will be given by the secretary. 

The Gujarat Conference of Missionaries 
will convene at Bulsar March 28. 

Word has just been received of the death 
of Rev. R. R. Johnson, of Ahmedabad, a 
member of the Irish Presbyterian Mission. 
He had been on the field for twenty-two 
years and was a valued worker, being at 
the time of his death the principal of the 
Gujarat Training College conducted by 
their mission. The report is that he was 
not sick in the least. His heart merely 
ceased to beat, and he was gone. 

For April 

Sister Eliza B. Miller landed in Bom- 
bay March 20, to begin her third term 
of service for God in India. We all wel- 
come her back. It is nice to have old 
workers return, for they can take up the 
work at once. Eliza is located at Bulsar. 


The Missionary Visitor 


She has charge of the Girls' Boarding 
School and all the work Sister Ida C. 
Shumaker has just left. Sister Ida sailed 
from Bombay via the Pacific on March 
21. We are glad she can go for her 
much-needed and well-earned furlough, 
after her busy and strenuous years of serv- 
ice in India. We shall all miss her, but we 
pray that God will use her in the home- 
land while she stays, and that she may get 
much benefit, herself. 

In our last notes we wrote of the organi- 
zation of the church at Vada. We failed 
to say that Bro. J. I. Kaylor was ordained 
to the eldership on the same date. 

Dr. A. Raymond and Dr. Laura M. Cot- 
trell are now at Darjeeling, in North India, 
enjoying a much-needed vacation. Bro. 
Pittengers, with Angeline and Joseph, Nina 
Ross and Esther Long, have gone to Panch- 
gani for a rest, and the little girls will 
attend the school there. Brother and Sister 
Blough have gone to Ahwa to take charge 
of the work there in Bro. Pittenger's ab- 
sence. Bro. Kaylors, Bro. Hoffert, Sisters 
Anna Eby and Jennie Mohler are on their 
way to Ootacamund, South India, for their 
vacation. Anna Emmert is with Bro. Kay- 
lors to be in school there while they stay. 
These vacations mean much to our mission- 
aries, and we are glad so many can get away 
this year, to be built up physically and 
spiritually. £ 

On March 28 the Gujarat conference of 
missionaries convened at Bulsar. In Gujarat 
besides our own mission, are the Irish Pres- 
byterians, Methodists, Alliance, Church of 
England and Salvation Army, the last two 
greatly in the minority. Although the meet- 
ing at Bulsar was small, about thirty being 
present, it was full of interest and help to 
all. The devotional meeting was conducted 
by Rev. Clark, of the American Presbyterian 
mission, Lahore. He took "Suffering" for 
his subject. <£ 

Owing to a division between the Ameri- 
can and British committees on the Inter- 
national Sunday School Lessons the discus- 
sion of " Our Sunday Schools, the Notes for 
the Lessons," etc., led by Bro. Emmert, 
proved a source of much interest and con- 

Reports of the Week of Evangelism, given 
by representatives of the several missions, 
also proved inspiring. The report of Rev. 
Henderson, of the Irish Mission, was espe- 
cially helpful, showing up in far better pro- 
portions than that of others. Among other 
things he said, " That week was the most 
glorious I have spent in India in these twen- 
ty-five years of service." 
The Lord Christ wanted a tongue one day 

To speak a message of cheer 
To a heart that was weary and worn and 

And weighed with a mighty fear. 
He asked me for mine, but 'twas busy quite 
With my own affairs from morn till night. 

The Lord Christ wanted a hand one day 

To do a loving deed; 
He wanted two feet, on an errand for Him 

To run with gladsome speed. 
But I had need of my own that day; 
To His gentle beseeching I answered, 
" Nay." 

So all that day I used my tongue, 
My hands, and my feet as I chose; 

I said some hasty, bitter words 
That hurt one heart, God knows. 

I busied my hands with worthless play, 

And my willful feet went a crooked way. 

And the dear Lord Christ — was His work 
For lack of a willing heart? 
Only through men does He speak to men — 

Dumb must He be apart? 
I do not know, but I wish today 
I had let the Lord Christ have His way. 

— Exchange. 

je jt 

Surely it is no accidental thing that prac- 
tically all the starving die in the lands where 
Christ's influence has not gone. We have 
looked out on great Hindu famines, we have 
looked out on great Buddhist famines, we 
have looked out on great Confucian fam- 
ines; we have looked out on great Moham- 
medan famines; we have not looked out on 
any great Christian famines; for wherever 
His influence has gone, even on the plane 
of the common necessities of human life, 
Jesus Christ is sufficient for the needs of 
all men. — Robert E. Speer. 


The Missionary Visitor 



I. S. Long 

AS before intimated in the pages of the 
Visitor, there was a special week of 
effort to win the non-Christians 
about us. Many of you at home were in 
special prayer in behalf of this effort, so 
have a right to know what were some of 
the results as we may be able to tabulate 

Unfortunately, because of the sickness of 
several of our men missionaries, and other 
reasons, the work at several of our stations 
was not entered into very heartily. As 
usual, however, teaching and preaching were 
carried on. 

At several other of the stations, on the 
other hand, the work was undertaken in a 
new and vigorous way, with more or less 
of self-denial; and from these central sta- 
tions from three to ten bands of workers, 
paid and volunteer, went forth to witness 
for Jesus. 

Briefly, some 328 meetings were held in 
some 300 villages. About 10,000 people were 
addressed, of whom 117 are reported as 
seekers. In addition to our paid workers, 
358 Christians are reported as voluntary 
helpers; 516 Bible Portions were sold and 
over 4,000 tracts were distributed. 

These figures do not tell near all the 
story. At the several stations there had 
been more prayer and Bible study than 
usual for six months previous; and at many 
of the stations there had been a week or 
several weeks of special prayer and study 
of the Word. It was during this time of 
special prayer that we had such a spirit of 
prayer and praise, of heart searching and 
confession of sins, trivial and terrible to 
think of, as we have never known since in 
India. The Holy Spirit, "the Spirit of 
judgment, and the Spirit of burning," was 
poured out upon our workers in a wonder- 
ful way, and the crooked were really made 
straight, and the tied tongues were loosed 
to confess and later to praise, thanks be 
to God! Our workers consequently got 
right with God and with each other, and 
thus became ready for God's work in His 
time and way. 

On returning to the home stations, they 
gave a joyful report, much like the Seventy 
in the Lord's life on earth. The following 
are some of the things they relate: We 
never before saw the people so anxious to 
hear the Word as during this week. We 
prayed much of course and asked God to 
send the people and bless our efforts; but 
always, to our delight, more came than we 
had reason from previous experience to 
hope would attend. We found many, very 
many, who promise to stop liquor drink- 
ing and sit in night school, so as to learn 
of Jesus. Some of the caste people began 
to say, " Now you have begun to spread 
your religion in earnest. We never saw it 
thus before." In one county the workers 
were told by a Brahman, " If you keep on 
in this way for a month the whole county 
will be converted." The workers replied, 
" Well, that is just what we mean to do." 

Ofttimes a Gospel or Bible Portion is 
bought, only to be torn or burned before 
our eyes; but during this week, somehow, 
as the Gospels were sold, the people on 
being told they contain the very Word of 
God, expressed a special desire to know 
what they contain. Very many who can 
not read bought Gospels and promised to 
have them read to them by any visitor to 
their home who may be able to read. 

Best of all is the vision of opportunity 
and responsibility given all who took part, 
even though feebly. Some who perhaps 
never prayed before really prayed and wept 
with us over their sins and the sins of their 
kinsmen. The leading boys of our board- 
ing-schools also caught the fire and prayed 
and sang as hitherto not experienced. It 
was well worth while to have such a week, 
for it was a week of real spiritual blessing 
and power. Our workers in all confidence, 
but not with boasting, said, " We worked 
and sang, but not in our own strength; for 
God was in us and with us in a wonderful 
way doing His own work. We preached 
in a way and with a power altogether be- 
yond us, hitherto," etc. This testimony is 
worth " millions " to a missionary who has 
seen the paid worker merely passing the 


The Missionary Visitor 


time, professionally, regardless apparently 
of real spiritual results. 

Some of the workers who have hither- 
to grumbled much because of small pay 
said, " We shall no longer work for pay 
merely; for God has given us a vision of 
Himself and His will for us, and a vision 
of what He would have these backward 
tribes become, as they day by day serve 

Finally, " We have written only the pref- 

ace of the book." This means the writing 
of the history of God's work in our hands 
is yet in the future. The above is the story 
as related by our Indian brethren, who with 
me vouch for far greater things, God will- 
ing, during the week next set apart. We 
shall all, both men and women, take part, 
it is hoped; and we shall go forth with far 
more faith and zeal and power, for have 
we not in actual effort tested our God and 
proven Him faithful to His Word? 


Emma Horning 

THE world is sad because it has found 
God, not lost Him. Man is weary 
in the midst of his wealth and pleas- 
ures for the same reason that the young 
ruler was sad in the midst of his great pos- 
sessions. Our age has seen the vision 
splendid, but halts undecided, being yet un- 
willing to go on and fulfill its new ideals. 
For those who have eyes to see, Jesus 
Christ stands in the market and street. He 
has given society a new vision of the earth 
as a possible paradise, filled with the fruits 
of peace and plenty where none know sur- 
feit, and none know want. He has given a 
vision of the brotherhood of man and the 
Fatherhood of God, and that vision has de- 
stroyed the old contentment. Our fathers 
were happy because they did keep pace with 
what they saw. And we are unhappy be- 
cause we are unwilling to do what we see." 
— Hillis. 

Every one of us is seeking for peace and 
contentment. Even those in their wild, am- 
bitious rush are only seeking for something 
which they believe will give them rest and 
satisfaction. One of the great truths that 
Christ left us by example and precept was 
that of contentment, poise and assurance 
under all circumstances. But how are we 
to attain this wonderful ideal with all our 
limitations and ambitions? Our college 
courses and religious teachings have 
aroused our minds to such wonderful am- 
bitions, and opened our heart's eyes to such 
great needs in the world that it seems im- 
possible for us to be calm and peaceful and 
contented. Oh, those wonderful visions of 
wealth, culture, refinement, self-develop- 

ment, power and honor that open to us as 
we look into the future! 

But a mist of sadness comes over us as 
we see the millions below us calling for 
bread and a little bit of love. Every step 
in society, business, and politics calls for 
reforms where we should lend our assist- 
ance. Every day gives us a chance to prove 
the brotherhood of man and the Father- 
hood of God. Xot only the homeland, with 
all its problems of church and state, but 
the foreign lands with their Christless mil- 
lions in the depths of despair that we can 
never conceive, come up before our mind's 
eye and knock at our heart's door in such 
a persistent way that the heart is far from 
rest. But oh, the sacrifice of self culture, 
ease, etc.! And besides, we can do so much 
good just where we are and not have to 
sacrifice any of these things, anyway. Thus 
our daily peace is being torn asunder be- 
tween the conflict of self and the great 
world-call to benefit mankind; or it may be 
the conflict between choosing a lesser good 
and a greater good. 

The responsibility of the enlightened is 
great. " He that knoweth to do good and 
doeth it not, to him it is sin." He who 
hears the call to the ministry, or to the 
foreign field, and has the opportunity to 
obey, and still does not listen to the inner 
voice, how can that person expect to find 
joy and contentment? Like the rich young 
man, he will go away sad. 

" Visions are God within the soul." So 
when we have a vision of the world's need 
let us do all in our power to help " Thy 


The Missionary Visitor 


kingdom come." Let us strive to live up to 
the best we know each day, and each day 
strive to know more; then joy, peace, con- 

tentment and heaven will be ours. Let us 
always choose the greatest good, and the 
greatest blessing will be ours. 


Emma Horning 

For March 

BUDDING trees, warm breezes, and 
dust storms tell us that spring is 
here. Feeble old people and tiny lit- 
tle ones are creeping from their winter 
holds to the warm sunshine and fresh air 
of the streets. Many, many have passed to 
their long home during the winter, but there 
are still too many mouths for the poor to 

The cook in the hospital, one of our new 
Christians, finding a debt on his hands took 
illegitimate means to get the money, and 
now finds himself in prison. He sold his 
little daughter to two homes to be the 
bride of their sons. When the second party 
found this out he sued him for the money 
he has lost, and now the cook is in prison 
till he can refund the money. Child-mar- 
riage is such a sin here! The parents, being 
too poor to keep their daughters, sell them 
for twenty to fifty dollars or less to be the 
future bride of some little boy. As small 
as this price may seem to us, they think it 
is a good deal when they are hungry or 
have a debt pressing. 

English missions in China are suffering 
severely because of the war. The mission- 
aries have not been asked to take up arms, 
but they are helping in other ways. Physi- 
cians are going to care for the wounded. 
Thirty thousand coolies are being trans- 
ported from north China to France to help 
in the reconstruction work there — repair- 
ing roads, building bridges, etc. These 
coolies are being organized and accom- 
panied by our English missionaries. Con- 
sequently many of the mission stations are 
left with few missionaries and some are 
left with none at all. 

Pastor Ting Li Mei, China's greatest 
evangelist, will spend four days with us — 

April 6-10. We are very fortunate in secur- 
ing his services. Through the kindness of 
another mission, which gave us their ap- 
pointment, we are able to have this conse- 
crated worker with us. For two weeks we 
have been holding evening prayer meetings 
in preparation for these meetings. We hope 
he will give much inspiration to our church 
members, all of whom have come from the 
darkness so recently. And besides this we 
hope he will bring the light to many others 
of this city who are sitting in darkness. 

Two trips have been made to the new out- 
station, Yu Hsien, by the missionaries of 
this station this month, one by Dr. Wam- 
pler and the other by Bro. Vaniman, Sister 
Vaniman and Sister Blough. A new school 
of some thirty boys has just been opened 
there, and we have secured one of the most 
influential men of the city as the princi- 
pal teacher. 

Dr. Wampler spent several days in Tai 
Yuen Fu on the Shansi Confederation Com- 
mittee. Representatives from each mission 
in Shansi were there. They discussed many 
phases of the mission work of the province, 
and made many suggestions which will be 
helpful in the future. 


After several farewell meetings and receiv- 
ing many kind remembrances from the na- 
tive brethren, and when the many good- 
byes were said, Sisters Cripe and Metzger 
left their stations to take their boat at 
Shanghai, which leaves April 14. Their 
pupils will miss them very much, for they 
have been real mothers to them for these 
several years. While Sister Cripe is gone 
Sister Hutchison will take charge of the 
girls' school at Liao Chou, and Sister 
Blough will take charge of the girls' school 
at Ping Ting during the absence of Sister 


The Missionary Visitor 


Sister Senger and Sister Rider have fin- 
ished one year of language work. They en- 
joyed their study very much at the lan- 
guage school at Peking, but they are glad 
to be back at the stations, for work while 
continuing their language study. Sister Seng- 
er will help in the women's work at Liao 
and Sister Rider will help with the medical 
duties at Ping Ting. 

Sister Horning spent Sunday with the 
missionaries at Tai Yuen Fu. Their chapel 
is filled with several hundred eager listeners 
each Sunday. The men's large hospital, as 
well as the very well-managed women's 
hospital, is filled with patients. These pa- 
tients are daily taught the Christian truths 
which they take back to their homes, far and 
near, when they leave the hospitals. The 
girls' school is training over fifty fine young 
girls who will be the teachers and wives in 
many a Christian community. However, 
their work is very much hindered because so 
many of their men have been called to 
help in the war. 


Ping Ting medical statistics for March: 

Calls at dispensary, 568 

In-patients, 25 

Operations, 20 

Vaccinations, 15 

Visits to out-patients, 18 

For April 

Pastor Ting Li Mei, China's beloved 
evangelist, spent four days in Ping Ting 
holding revival services. Most of the 
workers from the out-stations came in at 
this time, bringing with them the Christians 
and inquirers from these places. Bro. 
Bright, Dr. and Mrs. Brubaker and a num- 
ber of Chinese brethren also came from 
Liao Chou to attend these meetings. 
The services were held forenoon and 
afternoon, about two hours each session. 
Pastor Ting speaks with very quiet earnest- 
ness and power. His blackboard illustra- 
tions interest even the children and make 
lasting impressions on all. The most of 
his sermons were on Bible study and prayer 
as means of Christian growth. 

The largest audience we had at one 
time was 500, and the average attendance 
was 360. Fifty enrolled as inquirers, de- 
siring to study the Bible to know the way 
of life more fully. 


After leaving here Pastor Ting went to 
Tia Yuen Fu, to hold the same kind of 
meetings. Bro. Yin, from here, went to 
that place, also to feed on his inspiring 
words four days longer. 

Pastor Ting's daughter had been study- 
ing in Germany for some time. Not long 
ago the very sad news arrived that she had 
taken sick and died awhile before, but be- 
cause of the war the news had been de- 
layed so long. 

While all the Christians were in from the 
out-stations we had a council meeting to 
transact some business. Mrs. Crumpacker 
was elected delegate to Annual Meeting for 
this year. Two men were elected to be 
sent to a Bible school, to be trained as 
evangelistic workers. They are to be sup- 
ported by the church members here. We 
are eager to have these people support this 
church work as soon as they are able. Al- 
though most Chinese are poor, still each 
one should give a little, not only for the 
good of the church but for their own spirit- 
ual growth. 


April 19 Dr. Brubaker was operated on 
for appendicitis. His wife and baby, Dr. 
Wampler and Sister Rider accompanied him 
to Peking, where the operation was per- 
formed. He is receiving the best of care 
at the Union Medical College of that city. 
After the operation was over and Dr. Bru- 
baker was resting well, Dr. Wampler re- 
turned to his work at Ping Ting. Sister 
Rider is his nurse and writes that he is 
recovering very rapidly. He is now sit- 
ting up and himself wrote a long letter to 
this station the other day. Brother and 
Sister Oberholtzer and other missionaries 
in the city visit him often, so he finds little 
time to get lonesome. As soon as he is able 
to ride he and his wife and baby, Winni- 
fred, will go to Pei Ta Ho for a couple of 
months to regain his strength. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Leland Brubaker is staying with Bro. 
Florys and Edyth with Bro. Brights while 
their parents are away. They are continu- 
ing their studies in the school there. 

An unusual service was held at the 
church at Ping Ting. It was the funeral 
services of a four-year-old child, the first 
of the kind in the city. Most of the chil- 
dren here not only have no funeral services, 
but they have no coffin. They are wrapped 
in an old mat and often not buried at all, 
just thrown into a ditch, to be eaten by 
dogs or birds. This child was blessed with 

a Christian father and mother. Both are 
teachers in the schools here. It had every 
care during its sickness. It was put in a 
nice little coffin with some flowers and 
its dolls. Its parents and many friends 
accompanied it to the grave after the serv- 
ices in the church. 

The Boys' School at Ping Ting is opening 
up some industrial training. Two looms 
have been bought and the boys are just be- 
ginning work. This will help to support 
them while in school. All the weaving 
here is done by hand, so the schoolboys 
can learn to weave as well as others. 


J. F. Graybill 

ALL the mission churches in Malmo 
put forth special efforts to make 
glad hearts for the poor at Christ- 
mas time. More or less of this kind of 
work is done the year around, but at 
Christmas a double effort is the rule. The 
Salvation Army seems to take the lead in 
this line of endeavor. They are educated 
solicitors and they succeed in so enlisting 
the sympathies of the rich as to enable 
them to gather more money for charitable 
purposes than most churches, and conse- 
quently they are able to do much good 
among the " down and out." 

The exceedingly high cost of food and 
clothing made this work more pressing this 
winter than any season since we have been 
here. All the Free Mission Churches were 
and are doing all in their power to bring 
relief to the poor. Our Young People's As- 
sociation made arrangements to clothe 
needy school-children. They gathered 
money sufficient to buy goods, at the 
present high prices, to supply twenty-five 
children. Some goods are not to be bought, 
but the best was done under existing con- 

We had appealed for donations, through 
our church periodicals, but because the 
mails were delayed by censorship we failed 
to receive anything for this fund before the 
middle of November. We concluded that 
when most needed we would be able to 

do least. Three weeks before the chil- 
dren were to be provided with the things 
we received donations to be applied to this 
work. More goods were bought and given 
to those whose mothers were able to make 
the garments. Thus we were able fully to 
clothe, with the exception of shoes and 
hats, forty-five — twenty-one boys and twen- 
ty-four girls. Ten others were partly fur- 

In the evening of Dec. 15 these newly- 
clothed and their parents were invited to 
the hall, where a short program was ren- 
dered and all received coffee, sandwiches 
and buns. In addition, we were enabled to 
give a dinner of meat balls, potatoes and 
bread, rice and milk, coffee and buns to 
100 aged poor on the evening of Dec. 28. 
In this way we made glad hearts for young 
and old. Some donations were received as 
late as February, but they were not too 
late to be used in the Christmas work. 
The treasury was overdrawn and these do- 
nations made up the greater part of the 

We are very thankful that so many of 1 
our charitable members in the homeland, 
who do not know what poverty is by 
personal experience or by observation, have 
taken so much interest in this line of our 
work. This is one way of serving the 
Lord. " He that giveth to the poor lendeth 
to the Lord," and the lender shall not go 


The Missionary Visitor 


unrewarded. We hope to see fruits of this 
kind of labor. We have harvested some, 
and other fruits we see ripening, and in 
the Lord's own appointed time we hope 
many will be gathered into the fold. 

Dear reader, will you not consider the 
blessing in helping the poor, and plan to 

take a part in this work on Christmas of 
1917, if the Lord sees fit to prolong your 
life and bless you with this world's goods? 
Lay not up treasures on earth, where moth 
and rust doth corrupt and where thieves 
break in and steal. 

Malmo, Sweden, March 28. 


G. C. Bair 

THIS plain statement comes to each 
one of us as a personal challenge, 
requiring that we stand forth before 
the world and produce our reasons for 
believing in missions. Each one of us 
ought to be able to give at least one reason 
for our belief in any particular thing which 
we support by our aid or influence. 

In the brief space given to me for the 
discussion of this topic I shall endeavor to 
set forth several reasons for a well-estab- 
lished belief in missions. I ask you to con- 
sider them well. If they stand the test of 
honest inspection take them and use them 
as you like; if not, reject them, but as I 
understand the question they serve as an 
important part of the foundation on which 
the missionary activity of the church is 

The Christian church has been a lag- 
gard in spreading the Gospel of Jesus 
Christ. Time after time men have been 
sent with a message. These men were 
missionaries. They were in many cases 
successful in the delivery of the message 
intrusted to them, but the cause has suf- 
fered because no one else was sent to con- 
tinue the work. In the pages of ancient 
Bible history we find the account of an 
Assyrian king sending a priest of Israel 
back to Samaria to teach the people the 
way of Jehovah. Less than 100 years after 
this we have Israel in gross wickedness 
under Manasseh. This bit of history, re- 
corded in the second book of Kings, is re- 
peated down to the present time — on one 
occasion after other men were sent and 
the cause was forgotten. We send no oth- 
ers and the interest q\ies. We hear expres- 
sions concerning the time that will be re- 
quired to build up the nations that are 
concerned in the great war. May this not 

be a period when missionary activity will 
practically cease for a time? 

Regardless of our indifference to the 
spreading of the Gospel the statement of 
Christ Himself comes to us in this genera- 
tion just as strongly as it did to the dis- 
ciples on the day of the ascension, when 
He gave them the great " Go ye " commis- 
sion. Peter and John, Paul and Barnabas 
and others went and taught. Much good 
was accomplished and at the latter part 
of the first century we find strong churches 
throughout western Asia. After this we 
have little missionary activity, and we date 
modern missions from the sailing of Wil- 
liam Carey in 1793. What is a modern mis- 
sion? Who is responsible for the centuries 
from Saint John on the Isle of Patmos to 
William Carey in 1793, almost 1,700 years? 
Surely the Christian church neglected the 
Master's " Go ye into all the world and 
teach all nations, baptizing them in the 
name of the Father and of the Son and of 
the Holy Ghost." 

In a commercial way we are more care- 
ful of our belief. We keep men in the field 
and factory to manufacture and sell all 
kinds of goods. During the 1,700 years just 
referred to there was a tremendous ex- 
pansion in commercial lines, but folks did 
not concern themselves much about re- 


We determine the value of every business 
by its product. We condemn the saloon 
because it produces only gross evils. We 
are opposed to graft and corruption of 
every sort because unfair laws and injustice 
of all kinds are forced upon us. We en- 
courage our school system because it pro- 


The Missionary Visitor 


duces good results. We improve our 
methods of manufacturing and agriculture, 
as well as many other occupations, because 
they produce useful things. 

Every Christian mission produces good 
results. Dr. I. T. Headland in his book, 
" Some By-Products of Missions," writes 
as follows: "Scientists tell us that our civ- 
ilization is the result of science, and I reply, 
Yes, largely, but science is a result of the 
Gospel. Trace this thought out to a last 
analysis, and we have a railroad train, a 
trolley car, a telegraph, a telephone, a 
phonograph, a watch in your pocket, a 
filling in your tooth, glasses on your eyes, 
and all the great machinery — filled mills 
which it has required thought to produce 
and thought and intelligence to operate. 
There is no reason to believe that we would 
have had any of these things to the degree 
that we have them now but for the inspira- 
tion and intelligence that has been fur- 
nished by the Gospel, and the church and 
the schools which are the embodiment of 
the Word of God." 

Go with Ralph Connor into Black Rock, 
that Canadian mining town, and see what 
the influence of the minister does for the 
community. Travel with Dr. James Rob- 
ertson, the home missionary of the Presby- 
terian Church, with western Canada as his 
field. Ride with him on his long trips 
from post to post, through storms and 
blizzards, over muddy roads and across 
swollen streams as he goes on his journey, 
wearing out his life but never giving up the 
task assigned to him. He spends his life 
to the last in the effort to uplift the cause 
of Christianity, and we see marvelous re- 
sults of missionary activity. Catalog the 
results of Carey, Gilmour, Chalmers, Liv- 
ingstone and the other great men who 
have gone to the mission field. In every 
case they are results worth while. 


Dr. Headland says further in his book: 
"A thing is never better for you until you 
have made it better for some one else." 
Missions furnish a way that I may use to 
help make things better for some one else. 
I may never be able to go as a missionary 

to foreign fields, but I can help some one 
who has gone there. I am enabled to 
know something of what the Master said 
when He used the words: "It is better to 
give than to receive." How much better 
our lives would be if we could only see far 
enough to help others instead of consider- 
ing self first. Then we would truly believe 
in missions. 


Shippensburg, Pa. 


The Nile Mission Press in its ten years of J 
existence has issued eighty-three million 
pages of religious literature. These are sent 
to the whole Mohammedan world. 

It is reported that Rev. Wilbur C. Swear-, 
er, who died recently after fifteen years of 
service in Korea, personally organized three 
hundred churches and received over sixteen 
thousand people into the church. 

African Christians are endeavoring to se- 
cure an order from the government prohib- 
iting the transportation of liquors on the 
African railways. 

It is estimated that there are 240,000,000 
Christian women in the world as against 
430,000,000 heathen women. To many of 
these only women missionaries can go. 

The American Bible Society is preparing 
to erect a building for its use at Cristobal, 
in the Canal Zone. It is to be seventy-five 
feet long and three stories high. 

There are 285 missionaries at work in 
Egypt. It is said there are 12,000 villages 
and sixty towns with a population of over 
16,000 without any resident missionary. 

Tokyo, Japan, is the greatest education^ 
center in the world. 

There are 250,000 Christian Jews in the 
world, 6,000 of whom are in the United 
States. There are 800 Jewish Christian 
ministers, 214 of whom are in this country.' 
The total Jewish population of the world 
is supposed to be about 11,000,000. 

" Martin Luther introduced one idea into 
the thought of the world — namely, 'justifi- 
cation by faith,' and that one idea revolu- 
tionized governments, deposed kings, fj| 
wrote constitutions, and affected the daily 
lives of millions of people." 


The Missionary Visitor 


Japanese Buddhists are catching the spir- 
it of progress. They are planning to erect 
a building in Tokyo for the Young Men's 
Buddhist Association. 

Nearly eight million copies of the Bible 
have been circulated among the soldiers in 

John R. Mott, who has recently visited 
the prison camps of Europe, has issued a 
call for fifty additional men for service in 

these camps, under the direction of the 
Young Men's Christian Association. 

It is said that a petition eleven miles long 
in favor of national prohibition of strong 
drink was recently presented to the British 

The Mount of Olives, at Jerusalem, is re- 
ported as being splendidly fortified by the 
Turks and Germans. What if the Master 
should return to His beloved resting place 
beyond the hill at Bethany! 



Ralph G. Rarick 

IN the above much-printed and oft- 
voiced expression of our day the 
newsboy believes, and with the 
thoroughness of that belief one must 
surely be impressed upon observing him 
in practice where the race of men pass 
by. Others, representing a countless 
number of occupations, have likewise 
quite freely imbibed the spirit of the 
slogan and appeal for our consideration 
of their goods through almost every con- 
ceivable avenue. In brief, the individ- 
ual of secular business moves out upon 
his opportunity " to advertise," and gives 
liberally of his resources to promote his 
advertising, with the conviction that " it 
pays." With the Christian, intrusted 
with a spiritual business, it is how much 

The desire of our Lord for the mem- 
bers of His church body is that they, in 
the power of the Spirit, busy themselves 
with "witnessing" for Him (Acts 1:8). 
That same program is also emphasized 
in " Preach the gospel to the whole crea- 
tion " (Mark 16: 15); and giving 
" Preach the gospel " to the more literal 
it becomes for us " Herald the good 
news." Christ enjoins His people to 
herald to every individual of earth the 
good news of eternal life for whosoever 
will believe in Him. In a word, then, 
our Master bids us advertise! 

How strongly does our Lord desire 
that His disciples make known the mes- 

sage of salvation to the whole world? 
Ah, who of us is able to comprehend 
fully? But divinely strong we know 
that desire to be, and great the respon- 
sibility placed upon His followers, since 
the possibility of evangelization is en- 
tirely dependent upon the extent to 
which the message of salvation is made 
known. And this responsibility comes 
with such force upon the disciple body, 
for the good reason that to none other 
has been committed " the word of recon- 

When Christ termed His believers 
" the light of the world," He was only 
stating their divinely appointed mission 
in another way. The light He has for 
the world is in their possession, and they 
are delegated to get out in the open with 
it and let it shine before men. But if 
that light is hidden " under a bushel," 
there is no other, and darkness will 

There is a world of sick souls, a great 
Physician and a body of His messengers 
sent to apprise them of the remedy. 
Are the messengers provi